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MAA 161 STATISTICS FOR SCIENCES STUDENTS TUTORIAL 9

1. Based on information from the U.S. Census Bureau, the mean travel time to work in minutes for all workers 16 years old and older was 25.3 minutes. A large company with offices in several states randomly sampled 100 of its workers to ascertain their commuting times. The sample mean was 23.9 minutes, and the population standard deviation is 6.39 minutes. At the 0.01 level of significance can it be concluded that the mean commuting time is less for this particular company?

2. An advertisement claims that Fasto Stomach Calm will provide relief from indigestion in less than 10 minutes. For a test of the claim, 35 individuals were given the product; the average time until relief was 9.25 minutes. From past students, the standard deviation of the population is known to be 2 minutes. Can you conclude that the claim is justified? Find the p -value and let = 0.05.

3. Nationwide, the average salary of actuaries who achieve the rank of Fellow is $150,000. An insurance executive wants to see how this compares with Fellows within this company. He checks the salaries of eight Fellows and finds the average salary to be $155,500 with a standard deviation of $15,000. Assuming that the salary of actuaries are normally distributed, can he conclude that the Fellows in his company make more than the nation average, using = 0.05.

4. Nationwide 13.7% of employed wage and salary workers are union members (down from 20.1% in 1983). A random sample of 300 local wage and salary workers showed that 50 belonged to a union. At = 0.05, is there sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportion of union membership differs from 13.7%?

5. It has been reported that 59.3% of U.S. school lunches served are free or at a reduced price. A random sample of 300 children a large metropolitan area indicated that 156 of them received lunch free or at a reduced price. At the 0.01 level of significance, is there sufficient evidence to conclude that the proportion is less than 59.3%?

6. An MP3 manufacturer claims that 65% of teenagers 13 to 16 years old have their own MP3 player. A researcher wishes to test the claim and select a random sample of 80 teenagers. She finds that 57 have their own MP3 players. At = 0.05, should the claim be rejected? Use the p -value method.

7. The use of both alcohol and tobacco by high school seniors has declined in the last 30 years. Alcohol use is down from 68.2 to 43.1%, and the use of cigarettes by high school seniors has decreased from 36.7 to 20.4%. A random sample of 300 high school seniors from a large region indicated that 18% had use cigarettes during the 30 days prior to the survey. At the 0.05 level of significance does this differ from the national proportion?