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# MAA 161 STATISTICS FOR SCIENCES STUDENTS TUTORIAL 10

1. The average yearly earnings of male college graduates (with at least a bachelors degree) are \$58,500 for men aged 25 to 34. The average yearly earnings of female college graduates with the same qualifications are \$49,339. Male Female Sample mean \$59,235 \$52,487 Population standard deviation 8,945 10,125 Sample size 40 35 a. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the difference between the mean earnings between male and female college graduates. b. Based on the results below, can it be concluded that there is a difference in mean earnings between male and female college graduates? Use the 0.01 level of significance. 2. A company claims that its medical, Brand A, provides faster relief from pain than another companys medicine, Brand B. A researcher tested both brands of medicine on two groups of randomly selected patients. The results of the test are given in the following table. The mean and standard deviation of relief times are in minutes. Brand Sample Mean of Relief Times Standard Deviation of Relief Size Times A 30 43 12 B 28 48 7 a. Construct a 99% confidence interval for the difference between the mean relief times for the two brands of medicine. b. Test at 1% significance level whether the mean relief time for Brand A is less than that for Brand B. Assume that the two populations are normally distributed with unknown but equal standard deviations. 3. As mentioned in Question 3, a company claims that its medical, Brand A, provides faster relief from pain than another companys medicine, Brand B. A researcher tested both brands of medicine on two groups of randomly selected patients. The results of the test are given in the following table. The mean and standard deviation of relief times are in minutes. Brand Sample Size A 30 B 28 Mean of Relief Times 43 48 Standard Deviation of Relief Times 12 7

a. Construct a 99% confidence interval for the difference between the mean relief times for the two brands of medicine. b. Test at 1% significance level whether the mean relief time for Brand A is less than that for Brand B. Assume that the two populations are normally distributed with unknown and unequal standard deviations.

4. In an effort to increase production of an automobile part, the factory manager decides to play music in the manufacturing area. Eight workers are selected, and the number of items each produced for a specific day is recorded. After one week of music, the same workers are monitored again. The data are given in the table. Worker Before After 1 6 10 2 8 12 3 10 9 4 9 12 5 5 8 6 12 13 7 9 8 8 7 10

a. Construct a 98% confidence interval for the mean of the population paired differences, where a paired difference is equal to the number of items produced before playing music minus after playing music. b. At = 0.05, can the manager conclude that the music has increased production?

5. A study found a slightly lower percentage of lay teachers in religious secondary schools than in elementary schools. A random sample of 200 elementary school and 200 secondary school teachers from religious schools in a large diocese found the following. Elementary 200 49 Secondary 200 62

## Sample size Lay teachers

a. Construct a 97% confidence interval for the difference between the proportions of lay teachers in the two schools. b. At the 0.05 level of significance is there sufficient evidence to conclude a difference in proportion?