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Super-Multi DVD Rewriter

SERVICE MANUAL
MODEL: GSA-H20A/ GSA-H20N/ GSA-H20L

P/NO : 3828HS1049E may, 2006 Printed in Korea


MODEL : GSA-H20A/GSA-H20N/GSA-H20L

TABLE OF CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION .......................................................................................................................................................................3 FEATURES................................................................................................................................................................................4 SPECIFICATIONS...............................................................................................................................................................5~12 LOCATION OF CUSTOMER CONTROLS .......................................................................................................................13~14 DISASSEMBLY .................................................................................................................................................................15~16 1. CABINET and CIRCUIT BOARD DISASSEMBLY ..........................................................................................................15 2. MECHANISM ASSY DISASSEMBLY..............................................................................................................................15 EXPLODED VIEW .............................................................................................................................................................17~18 MECHANICAL REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST ................................................................................................................19~20 GLOSSARY .............................................................................................................................................................................21 THE DIFFERENCES OF CD-R/CD-RW DISCS AND GENERAL CD-ROM.....................................................................22~28 1. Recording Layer ..............................................................................................................................................................22 2. Disc Specification ............................................................................................................................................................22 3. Disc Materials ..................................................................................................................................................................23 4. Reading Process of Optical Disc .....................................................................................................................................24 5. Writing Process of CD-R Disc .........................................................................................................................................25 6. Writing Process of CD-RW Disc ......................................................................................................................................25 7. Organization of the PCA, PMA and Lead-in Area ...........................................................................................................26 8. Function of PCA and PMA area ......................................................................................................................................27 9. OPC and ROPC ..............................................................................................................................................................27 10. Writing Process of DISC................................................................................................................................................28 THE DIFFERENCES OF DVD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW DISCS AND DVD-ROM....................................................................29~37 1. Recording Layer ..............................................................................................................................................................29 2. Disc Specification ............................................................................................................................................................30 3. Disc Materials ..................................................................................................................................................................30 4. Writing Pulse Waveform of DVD+R.................................................................................................................................33 5. Writing Pulse Waveform DVD+RW .................................................................................................................................35 6. Organization of Inner Drive Area, Outer Drive Area, Lead-in Zone and Lead-out Zone .................................................36 LightScribe MEDIA...........................................................................................................................................................38~41 1. LightScribe Media............................................................................................................................................................38 2. Hardware Block Diagram of LightScribe Label Printing...................................................................................................39 3. MD Assy For LightScribe.................................................................................................................................................40 4. Optical Encoder Assy ......................................................................................................................................................41 DVD & CD DATA PROCESSING......................................................................................................................................42~45 1. Data Processing Flow......................................................................................................................................................42 2. Copy Protection and Regional Code Management Block ...............................................................................................43 3. About Prevention the DVD-ROm from to be copy ...........................................................................................................44 4. About the DVD-ROM Regional Code ..............................................................................................................................45 INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE PICK-UP....................................................................................................................46~48 1. Block Diagram of the Pick-up ..........................................................................................................................................46 2. Pick up Pin Assignment...................................................................................................................................................47 3. Signal detection of the P/U ..............................................................................................................................................48 DESCRIPTION OF CIRCUIT.............................................................................................................................................49~53 1. ALPC Circuit ....................................................................................................................................................................49 2. Focus/Tracking/Sled Servo Circuit ..................................................................................................................................50 3. Spindle Circuit .................................................................................................................................................................52 MAJOR IC INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM AND PIN DESCRIPTION.............................................................................54~71 TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE ..........................................................................................................................................72~88 How to use Test Tool.......................................................................................................................................................72~88 1. Dragon.............................................................................................................................................................................84 2. Camus .............................................................................................................................................................................88 BLOCK DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................................................89~90 CIRCUIT DIAGRAM ..........................................................................................................................................................91~93 PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD DIAGRAM ...........................................................................................................................94~97 ELECTRICAL REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST ........................................................................................................................98

CAUTION - INVISIBLE LASER RADIATION WHEN OPEN AVOID EXPOSURE TO BEAM.

INTRODUCTION
This service manual provides a variety of service information. It contains the mechanical structure of the Super Multi DVD Rewriter and the electronic circuits in schematic form. This Super Multi DVD Rewriter was manufactured and assembled under our strict quality control standards and meets or exceeds industry specifications and standards. This Super Multi DVD Rewriter is an internal drive unit designed for use with IBM PC, HP Vectra, or compatible computer. It can write as much as 700 Mbytes of digital data into CD-R/RW disc, and can read as much as 700 Mbytes of digital data stored in a CD-ROM, CD-R and CD-RW disc. It can write as much as 4.7Gbytes of digital data into DVD+R/RW disc, and can read as much as 4.7Gbytes of digital data stored in a DVD-ROM, DVD-R, DVD-RW, DVD+R and DVD+RW disc. This Super Multi DVD Rewriter can easily meet the upcoming MPC level 3 specification, and its Enhanced Intelligent Device Electronics (E-IDE) and ATAPI interface allows Plug and play integration in the majority of todays PCs without the need of an additional interface card.

Model name of GSA-H20#/GSA-H21# Series


Optioanl Features Model Name GSA-H20N GSA-H20L GSA-H20V GSA-H20A GSA-H21N GSA-H21L GSA-H21V GSA-H21A LS X O X O X O X O VPCS X X O O X X O O RAM O O O O X X X X Dual Super-multi Product Name

FEATURES
1 General
1) Enhanced IDE (ATAPI) interface. 2) Internal Half-height Drive. 3) CD-R/RW, DVD-R/-R DL/-RW/+R/+R DL/+RW/RAM read and write compatible CD Family and DVDROM read compatible. 4) Buffer Under-run prevention function embedded. 5) 2MB buffer memory. 6) Power loading and power eject of a disc. Bare media loading. 7) MTBF : 125,000 POH 8) Vertical and Horizontal installable. 9) Support LightScribe Direct Label Printing Technology(GSA-H20L/GSA-H20A only)

2. Supported disc formats


1) Reads data in each DVD-ROM, DVD-R, DVD-R (Ver.1.0, Ver.2.0 for Authoring), and DVD-RAM (Ver. 2.0 & Higher) 2) Read and writes in each DVD-R (Ver.2.0 for General), -R DL, -RW, DVD-RAM(Ver.2.0 & Higher), DVD+R and +RL (Double layer), +RW 3) Reads data in each CD-ROM, CD-ROM XA, CD-I, Video CD, CD-Extra and CD-Text 4) Reads data in Photo CD (Single and Multi session). 5) Reads standard CD-DA 6) Reads and writes CD-R discs conforming to Orange Book Part 2 7) Reads and writes CD-RW discs conforming to Orange Book Part 3 8) Reads DVD-RAM with CPRM and DVD-RW with CPRM 9) LightScribe DVD+R conforming to LightScribe Media Specification 10) LightScribe CD-R conforming to LightScribe Media Specification

3. Supported write method


1) DVD-R : Disc at Once and Incremental Recording. 2) DVD-R DL : Disc at Once and Incremental Recording 3) DVD-RW : Disc at Once, Incremental Recording and Restricted Overwrite. 4) DVD+R : Sequential Recording 5) DVD+R DL : Sequential Recording 6) DVD+RW : Random Write 7) CD-R/RW : Disc at Once, Session at Once, Track at Once and Packet Write 8) DVD-RAM : Random Write (Ver. 2.0 & Higher) 9) LightScribe Label Printing Functions complying with LightScribe System Specification

4. Audio
1) 16 bit digital data output through ATA interface. 2) Software Volume Control 3) Equipped with audio line output for audio CD playback.

SPECIFICATIONS
I. MODEL : GSA-H20N
1. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
-CPU: IBM Compatible Pentium4 1.6GHz (or faster) (For High speed, 2GHz or faster recommended.) -128MB Memory or greater SUPPORTING OPERATING SYSTEM * Operating System Window 98 Second Edition (Not supported in LightScribe) Windows Millennium Edition(Me) (Not supported in LightScribe) Window 2000 Professional Window XP Home Edition, Professional * Recording tool (1) RecordNow (Sonic) (2) DLA (sonic) (3) Nero(Ahead) (4) In CD(Ahead) (5) Easy CD Creator (Roxio) (6) Direct CD (Roxio)

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
2.1 Applicable disc formats DVD DVD-ROM: 4.7GB (Single Layer) 8.5GB (Dual Layer) DVD-R: 3.95GB (Ver.1.0 : read only) 4.7GB (Ver.2.0 for Authoring : read only) 4.7GB (Ver.2.0 for General: read & write) DVD-RW: 4.7GB (Ver.1.1) DVD+R: 4.7GB DVD+R DL: 8.5GB DVD-R DL: 8.5GB DVD+RW: 4.7GB DVD-RAM: 4.7GB(Ver.2.0 & higher) CD-ROM Mode-1 data disc CD-ROM Mode-2 data disc CD-ROM XA, CD-I, Photo-CD Multi-Session, Video CD CD-Audio Disc Mixed mode CD-ROM disc (data and audio) CD-Extra CD-Text CD-R (Conforming to Orange Book Part2: read & write) CD-RW (Conforming to Orange Book Part3: read & write) 120mm 80mm (Horizontal only) DVD-ROM/R/RW/+R/+RW ...............2,048 bytes/block CD (Yellow Book) ..........................................2,048 bytes/block(Mode 1 & Mode 2 Form 1) 2,336 bytes/block (Mode 2) 2,328 bytes/block (Mode 2 Form 2) 2,352 bytes/block (CD-DA)

CD

2.2 Disc diameter 2.3 Data capacity User Data/Block

3. DRIVE PERFORMANCE
3.1 Host interface ........................................................X3T13 ATA/ATAPI5/1321D INF-8090i Rev.5.3 3.2 Read/Write & Rotational speed <Write> DVD-R .................................................2x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV), 12x (PCAV), 16x (CAV) DVD-RW ..............................................1x, 2x, 4x (CLV), 6x (ZCLV) DVD+R ................................................2.4x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV), 12x (PCAV), 16x (CAV) DVD+RW .............................................2.4x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV) DVD+R DL...........................................2.4x, 4x (CLV), 6x, 8x (ZCLV) DVD-R DL............................................4x (CLV) DVD-RAM(Ver.2.0 & Higher) ...............2x, 3x (CLV), 5x (PCAV) CD-R....................................................16x (CLV), 24x (ZCLV), 40x, 48x (CAV) CD-RW ................................................4x, 10x, 16x (CLV), 24x, 32x (ZCLV) (High Speed : 8x, 10x, Ultra Speed>16x) <Read> DVD-ROM ............Single layer ...........6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min Dual layer..............5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,600 r/min DVD-Video(CSS) .................................3.3x ~ 8x (CAV), Approx. 4,500 r/min DVD-R ...................3.95GB..................6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min 4.7GB....................6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min DVD-RW................4.7GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,000 r/min DVD+R ..................4.7GB....................6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min DVD+RW...............4.7GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,000 r/min DVD+R DL.............8.5GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,600 r/min DVD-R DL .............8.5GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,600 r/min DVD-RAM (Ver. 2.0 & Higher) .............3x ~ 5x (PCAV), Approx. 5,500 r/min CD-R/ROM, data/CD-I .........................20x ~ 48x (CAV), Approx. 9,800 r/min CD-RW ................................................17x ~ 40x (CAV), Approx. 8,000 r/min CD-DA (DAE).......................................17x ~ 40x (CAV), Approx. 8,000 r/min CD-DA (Audio out)/VideoCD ...............6x ~ 15x (CAV), Approx. 3,130 r/min 3.3 Data transfer rate 3.3.1 Sustained transfer rate <Write> DVD-R ...................16x (CAV) .............8.91 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD-RW................6x (ZCLV) .............8.31 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD+R ..................16x (CAV) .............8.91 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD+RW...............8x (ZCLV) .............11.08 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD+R DL ............8x (ZCLV) .............11.08 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD-R DL .............4x (CLV) ..............5.54 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD-RAM..............5x (PCAV) ............4.15 ~ 6.925 Mbytes/s (Max) (w/o Verify) ...........(Ver.2.0 & higher) CD-R .....................48x (CAV) .............2,400 ~ 7,200 kB/s (Mode-1) (Max) CD-RW ..................32x(ZCLV) ............2,400 ~ 3,600 kB/s (Mode-1) (Max) <Read> DVD-ROM ............Single layer...........6.88 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (16x) Max. Dual layer .............4.58 ~ 11.08 Mbytes/s (12x) Max. DVD+/-R..............................................9.28 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (16x) Max. DVD+/-RW/DL.....................................4.58 ~ 11.08 Mbytes/s (12x) Max. DVD-RAM............................................4.155 ~ 6.93 Mbytes/s (5x) Max CD-R/ROM ..........................................2,700 ~ 7,200 kbytes/s (48x) Max. CD-RW ................................................2,550 ~ 6,000 kbytes/s (40x) Max. CD-DA(DAE) .......................................2,550 ~ 6,000 kbytes/s (40x) Max.

3.3.2 Burst transfer rate Ultra DMA Mode 2..........................................33.3 Mbytes/s Max. Multiword DMA Mode 2..................................16.6 Mbytes/s Max. PIO Mode 4 ....................................................16.6 Mbytes/s Max. 3.4 Access time (Random) * Typical value DVD-ROM(SL) ...............................................140 ms Typ. (Note 1) DVD-ROM(DL) ...............................................175 ms Typ. (Note 1) CD-ROM ........................................................120 ms Typ. (Note 1) DVD-RAM ......................................................200 ms Typ. (Note 1) Note :
1) Average random access time is the typcal value of more than 50 times including latency and error correction time. Test Disc : DVD : ALMEDIO TDV-520 / TDR-820 CD : ALMEDIO TCDR-701 / HITACH HCD-1 *) Typical value defines a measured value in normal temperature (20 deg.C.) and horizontal position.

3.5 Data error rate (Measured with 5 retries maximum) DVD-R/RW/ROM/RAM ..................................<10 -12 DVD+R/RW....................................................<10 -12 CD-ROM/R/RW..............................................<10-12 (Mode-1) .......................................................................<10-9 (Mode-2) Condition : It is assumed that the worst case raw error rate of the disc is 10-3 3.6 Data buffer capacity .......................................................2Mbytes

4. Quality and Reliability


4.1 MTBF ................................................125,000 Power On Hours(Consecutive/Cumulative POH) Assumption : ..........................Used in a normall office environment at room temperature. -POH per year.........................3,000 -ON/OFF cycles per year ........600 -Operating duty cycle ..............20% of power on time (Seek: 5% of operating time) 4.2 Tray cycle test ...................................30,000 times No degeneration in the mechanical part after test 4.3 Actuator mechanism ........................1,000,000 full stroke seek 4.4 MTTR (Mean Time To Repair) ...........0.5 h 4.5 Component life .................................5 years or 2,000 h of Laser radiating time Assumption : ..........................Used in a normall office environment.

5. POWER REQUIREMENTS
5.1 Source voltage +5V + 5% tolerance, less than 100 mVp-p Ripple voltage +12V + 10% tolerance, less than 100 mVp-p Ripple voltage 5.2 Current Idle (Hold track state)..............+5V DC 0.6A Typ. +12V DC 0.5A Typ. Write (Active) ..........................+5V DC 1.3A Typ. +12V DC 1.0A Typ. Read (Active) ..........................+5V DC 1.3A Typ. +12V DC 1.0A Typ. Seek (Access).........................+5V DC 0.7A Typ. +12V DC 0.7A Typ. 3 Standby Sleep mode (No disc) .............1.1 W Typ. <1.3 W Max.

< 1.0 A Max. < 1.0 A Max. < 1.5 A Max. < 1.3 A Max. < 1.5 A Max. < 1.3 A Max. < 1.2 A Max. < 1.2 A Max.

6. AUDIO PERFORMANCE
Item
AUDIO OUT Output Level Frequency response THD

Typical
0.7 Vrms +/-3dB 0.1% -

Test Signal
1KHz 0 dB 20-20kHz 0dB 1KHz 0 dB -

Test Condition
No Filter

Note

at 47k with IHF-A + 20KHz LPF None

Headphone output level(Optional)

7. Acoustic noise
Less than 50dB, A scale, at 0.5 m away from the drive Note : 1. Disc : Less than unbalance 0.3 x10-4 Nm (0.3g-cm) 2. Installation : Horizontal 3. Ambient temperature : Normal temperature 4. Sequential read at max speed except loading, unloading and seek

8. Dimensions
External dimensions (W x H xD) Front bezel (WxHxD) 146 x 41.3 x 165mm 148 x 42 x 5 mm

9. Mass .................................................max 800g


* Please Contact the friendly staff of LG Service Care at: Website http: //www.LGEservice.com

II. MODEL : GSA-H20A/GSA-H20L


1. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
-CPU: IBM Compatible Pentium4 1.6GHz (or faster) (For High speed, 2GHz or faster recommended.) -128MB Memory or greater SUPPORTING OPERATING SYSTEM * Operating System Window 98 Second Edition (Not supported in LightScribe) Windows Millennium Edition (Me) (Not supported in LightScribe) Window 2000 Professional Window XP Home Edition, Professional

* Recording tool (1) RecordNow (Sonic) (2) DLA (sonic) (3) Nero(Ahead) (4) In CD(Ahead) (5) Easy CD Creator (Roxio) (6) Direct CD (Roxio)

2. GENERAL DESCRIPTION
2.1 Applicable disc formats DVD DVD-ROM: 4.7GB (Single Layer) 8.5GB (Dual Layer) DVD-R: 3.95GB (Ver.1.0 : read only) 4.7GB (Ver.2.0 for Authoring : read only) 4.7GB (Ver.2.0 for General: read & write) DVD-RW: 4.7GB (Ver.1.1) DVD+R: 4.7GB DVD+R DL: 8.5GB DVD-R DL : 8.5GB DVD+RW: 4.7GB DVD-RAM: 4.7GB(Ver. 2.0 & higher) CD-ROM Mode-1 data disc CD-ROM Mode-2 data disc CD-ROM XA, CD-I, Photo-CD Multi-Session, Video CD CD-Audio Disc Mixed mode CD-ROM disc (data and audio) CD-Extra CD-Text CD-R (Conforming to Orange Book Part2: read & write) CD-RW (Conforming to Orange Book Part3: read & write) 120mm 80mm (Horizontal only) DVD-ROM/R/RW/+R/+RW ...............2,048 bytes/block CD (Yellow Book) ..........................................2,048 bytes/block(Mode 1 & Mode 2 Form 1) 2,336 bytes/block (Mode 2) 2,328 bytes/block (Mode 2 Form 2) 2,352 bytes/block (CD-DA)

CD

2.2 Disc diameter 2.3 Data capacity User Data/Block

3. DRIVE PERFORMANCE
3.1 Host interface ........................................................X3T13 ATA/ATAPI5/1321D INF-8090i Rev.5.3 3.2 Read/Write & Rotational speed <Write> DVD-R .................................................2x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV), 12x (PCAV), 16x (CAV) DVD-RW ..............................................1x, 2x, 4x (CLV), 6x (ZCLV) DVD+R ................................................2.4x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV), 12x (PCAV), 16x (CAV) DVD+RW .............................................2.4x, 4x (CLV), 8x (ZCLV) DVD+R DL...........................................2.4x, 4x (CLV), 6x, 8x (ZCLV) DVD-R DL............................................4x (CLV) DVD-RAM(Ver.2.0 & Higher) ...............2x, 3x (CLV), 5x (PCAV) CD-R....................................................16x (CLV), 24x (ZCLV), 40x, 48x (CAV) CD-RW ................................................4x, 10x, 16x (CLV), 24x, 32x (ZCLV) (High Speed : 8x, 10x, Ultra Speed>16x) <Read> DVD-ROM ............Single layer ...........6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min Dual layer..............5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,600 r/min DVD-Video(CSS) .................................3.3x ~ 8x (CAV), Approx. 4,500 r/min DVD-R ...................3.95GB..................6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min 4.7GB ...................6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min DVD-RW................4.7GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,000 r/min DVD+R ..................4.7GB....................6.7x ~ 16x (CAV), Approx. 9,200 r/min DVD+RW...............4.7GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,000 r/min DVD+R DL.............8.5GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 7,600 r/min DVD-R DL .............8.5GB....................5x ~ 12x (CAV), Approx. 4,500 r/min DVD-RAM (Ver. 2.0 & Higher) .............3x ~ 5x (PCAV), Approx. 5,500 r/min CD-R/ROM, data/CD-I .........................20x ~ 48x (CAV), Approx. 9,800 r/min CD-RW ................................................17x ~ 40x (CAV), Approx. 8,000 r/min CD-DA (DAE).......................................17x ~ 40x (CAV), Approx. 8,000 r/min CD-DA (Audio out)/VideoCD ...............6x ~ 15x (CAV), Approx. 3,130 r/min 3.3 Data transfer rate 3.3.1 Sustained transfer rate <Write> DVD-R ...................16x (CAV) ..............8.91 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD-RW................6x (ZCLV) ..............8.31 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD+R ..................16x (CAV) ..............8.91 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD+RW...............8x (ZCLV) ..............11.08 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD+R DL ............8x (ZCLV) ..............11.08 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD-R DL .............4x (CLV) ...............5.54 Mbytes/s (Max) DVD-RAM..............5x (PCAV)..............4.15 ~ 6.925 Mbytes/s (Max) (Ver.2.0 & higher) ..(w/o Verify) ............ CD-R .....................48x (CAV) ..............2,400 ~ 7,200 kB/s (Mode-1) (Max) CD-RW ..................32x(ZCLV) .............2,400 ~ 3,600 kB/s (Mode-1) (Max) <Read> DVD-ROM ............Single layer............6.88 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (16x) Max. Dual layer ..............4.58 ~ 11.08 Mbytes/s (12x) Max. DVD+/-R ...............................................9.28 ~ 22.16 Mbytes/s (16x) Max. DVD+/-RW/DL ......................................4.58 ~ 11.08 Mbytes/s (12x) Max. DVD-RAM.............................................4.155 ~ 6.93 Mbytes/s (5x) Max CD-R/ROM ...........................................2,700 ~ 7,200 kbytes/s (48x) Max. CD-RW .................................................2,550 ~ 6,000 kbytes/s (40x) Max. CD-DA(DAE) ........................................2,550 ~ 6,000 kbytes/s (40x) Max.

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3.3.2 Burst transfer rate Ultra DMA Mode 2..........................................33.3 Mbytes/s Max. Multiword DMA Mode 2..................................16.6 Mbytes/s Max. PIO Mode 4 ....................................................16.6 Mbytes/s Max. 3.4 Access time (Random) * Typical value DVD-ROM(SL) ...............................................140 ms Typ. (Note 1) DVD-ROM(DL) ...............................................175 ms Typ. (Note 1) CD-ROM ........................................................120 ms Typ. (Note 1) DVD-RAM ......................................................200 ms Typ. (Note 1) (Ver 2.0 & higher) Note :
1) Average random access time is the typcal value of more than 50 times including latency and error correction time. Test Disc : DVD : ALMEDIO TDV-520 / TDR-820 CD : ALMEDIO TCDR-701 / HITACH HCD-1 *) Typical value defines a measured value in normal temperature (20 deg.C.) and horizontal position.

3.5 Data error rate (Measured with 5 retries maximum) DVD-R/RW/ROM/RAM ..................................<10 -12 DVD+R/RW....................................................<10 -12 CD-ROM/R/RW..............................................<10-12 (Mode-1) <10-9 (Mode-2) Condition : It is assumed that the worst case raw error rate of the disc is 10-3 3.6 Data buffer capacity .......................................................2Mbytes 3.7 LightScribe Label Printing (** MKM LS-CD 2.0, ** Full Image Printing) 3.7.1 Printing Time Best............................................................................less than 29 minutes Normal .......................................................................less than 24 minutes Draft ...........................................................................less than 18 minutes 3.7.2 Image Contrast complying to the colorimetry standard CIE L*a*b, defined as Delta L( L) Best ............................................................................higher than 28 Normal........................................................................higher than 20 Draft ...........................................................................higher than 12 * Note (1) DRF Parameters for this spec : Max LV=1400mm/sec, TrackShift=85 or 75, Max. Laser Power=38mW (2) T.B.D (High Speed LightScribe Label Printing)

4. Quality and Reliability


4.1 MTBF ..................................................125,000 Power On Hours(Consecutive/Cumulative POH) Assumption : ..........................Used in a normall office environment at room temperature. -POH per year.........................3,000 -ON/OFF cycles per year........600 -Operating duty cycle..............20% of power on time (Seek: 5% of operating time) 4.2 Tray cycle test ...................................30,000 times No degeneration in the mechanical part after test 4.3 Actuator mechanism ........................1,000,000 full stroke seek 4.4 MTTR (Mean Time To Repair) ...........0.5 h 4.5 Component life .................................5 years or 2,000 h of Laser radiating time Assumption : ..........................Used in a normall office environment.

11

5. POWER REQUIREMENTS
5.1 Source voltage +5V + 5% tolerance, less than 100 mVp-p Ripple voltage +12V + 10% tolerance, less than 100 mVp-p Ripple voltage 5.2 Current Idle (Hold track state)..............+5V DC 0.6A Typ. +12V DC 0.5A Typ. Write (Active) ..........................+5V DC 1.3A Typ. +12V DC 1.0A Typ. Read (Active) ..........................+5V DC 1.3A Typ. +12V DC 1.0A Typ. Seek (Access).........................+5V DC 0.7A Typ. +12V DC 0.7A Typ. Label Printing..........................+5V DC 0.7A typ. +12V DC 0.3 A typ. 5.3 Standby Sleep mode (No disc) .............1.1 W Typ. <1.3 W Max.

< 1.0 A Max. < 1.0 A Max. < 1.5 A Max. < 1.3 A Max. < 1.5 A Max. < 1.3 A Max. < 1.2 A Max. < 1.2 A Max. < 1.0 A max. < 1.0 A max.

6. AUDIO PERFORMANCE
Item
AUDIO OUT Output Level Frequency response THD

Typical
0.7 Vrms +/-3dB 0.1% -

Test Signal
1KHz 0 dB 20-20kHz 0dB 1KHz 0 dB -

Test Condition
No Filter

Note

at 47k with IHF-A + 20KHz LPF None

Headphone output level(Optional)

7. Acoustic noise
Less than 50dB, A scale, at 0.5 m away from the drive Note : 1. Disc : Less than unbalance 0.3 x10-4 Nm (0.3g-cm) 2. Installation : Horizontal 3. Ambient temperature : Normal temperature 4. Sequential read at max speed except loading, unloading and seek

8. Dimensions
External dimensions (W x H xD) Front bezel (WxHxD) 146x41.3x165mm 148x42x5 mm

9. Mass .................................................Max. 800g


* Please Contact the friendly staff of LG Service Care at: Website http: //www.LGEservice.com

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LOCATION OF CUSTOMER CONTROLS


Front Panel

Emergency Eject Hole

Disc Tray Stop/Eject Button

Drive Activity Indicators

1. Disc tray This is the tray for the disc. Place the disc on the ejected disc tray, then lightly push the tray (or push the eject button) and the Disc will be loaded. NOTE: Dont pull out or push in the disc tray forcibly. This might cause damage to the loading section of the drive. 2. Stop/Eject button This button is pressed to open the Disc tray. This button works only when power is supplied to the drive.

3. Emergency Eject Hole Insert a paper clip here to eject the Disc tray manually or when there is no power. 4. Drive activity indicator Green colored LED is used to indicate the operation of the Drive.

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Rear Panel
Analog Audio Output Connector IDE Interface Connector

Jumper Connector Digital Audio Output Connector

Power Connector

1. Power Connector Connects to the power supply (5-and 12-V DC) of the host computer. NOTE : Be careful to connect with the proper polarity. Connecting the wrong way may damage the system (and is not guaranteed). Usually this connector can only be attached one-way. 2. IDE Interface Connector Connect to the IDE (Integrated Device Electronics) Interface using a 40-pin flat IDE cable. NOTE : Do not connect or disconnect the cable when the power is on, as this could cause a short circuit and damage the system. Always turn the power OFF when connecting or disconnecting the cable.

3. Jumper Connector This jumper determines whether the drive is configured as a master or slave. Changing the master-slave configuration takes effect after power-on reset. 4. Analog Audio Output Connector Provides output to a sound card (analog signal). Generally you need this to play a regular audio CD. 5. Digital Audio Output Connector This connector is not supported.

14

DISASSEMBLY
1. CABINET and CIRCUIT BOARD DISASSEMBLY
1-1. Bottom Chassis
A. Release 4 screws (A) and remove the Bottom Chassis in the direction of arrow (1). (See Fig.1-1)

1-3. Cabinet and Main Circuit Board


A. Remove the Cabinet in the direction of arrow (4). (See Fig. 1-3) B. When the Disc tray has been opened completely, lift 2 points (a) and remove the Disc tray while drawing out simultaneously. C. Remove the Soldering of the LD- and LD+ (b) for the Loading Motor, and then remove the Main Circuit Board. D. At this time, be careful not to damage the 5 connectors of the Main Circuit Board.

(1)

Cabinet

(A) Bottom Chassis (A) (A) (A)


Fig. 1-1

(a)

(4)

(5)

1-2. Front Bezel Assy


A. Insert and press a rod in the Emergency Eject Hole and then the Disc Tray will open in the direction of arrow (2). B. Remove the Tray Door in the direction of arrow (3) by pushing the stoppers forward. C. Release 3 stoppers and remove the Front Bezel Assy. Main Circuit Board (b)
Fig. 1-3

Tray Door (3)

Stoppers

(2)

Disc Tray

Front Bezel Assy

Emergency Eject Hole


Fig. 1-2

15

2. MECHANISM ASSY DISASSEMBLY


2-1. Pick-up Unit
A. Release screws (B). B. Separate the Pick-up Unit in the direction of arrow (6).

(B)

(B)

Pick-up Unit (6)

Mechanism Assy
Fig. 2-1

2-2. Pick-up
A. Release 1 screw (C) and remove the Pick-up.

Pick-up Unit

(C)

Pick-up
Fig. 2-2

16

005

035

004

5 EXPLODED VIEW

012 008 006

009 010 011

015

4
016

PBM00 (MAIN C.B.A)

A01
3

A03
013

PBF00 (FRONT C.B.A)

453

034 033 031 001 007 025 419 026 027 024

A02
003 002

430 020 430 028 482 452

028

481
030

020

021

032 050 014 453 036 021 452 452

482

482

482

17

18

GLOSSARY
ATIP Wobble Absolute Time in Pre-groove. With an additional modulation of the Wobble, the Groove contains a time code information. The pre-groove in the Disc is not a perfect spiral but is wobbled. With : A typical amplitude of 30 nm A spatial peried of 54~64 m Continuous Wave. The laser light output is at a constant level. Direct Over-Write. The action in which new information is recored over previously recorded information in CD-RW disc. The action in which new information is recorded over previously recorded information.

CW DOW Overwrite

(Pre-)Groove The guidance track in which clocking and time code information is stored by means of an FM modulated wobble. Land Land is characterized in the following way: When radial signals are concerned,land is defined as the area between the grooves. When HF signal are concerned,land is defined as the area between the marks(pits) in tangential direction.

Hybrid Disc A Multisession disc of which the first Session is mastered. On a hybrid disc, recorded and mastered information may co-exist. Mastered Information,stored as pits on the disc during the manufacturing process of the disc. Information (when making the master) OPC ROPC Optimum Power Control. Procedure is determined optimum recording power according to CDR/RW Media in recording start step. Running OPC. The purpose is to continuously adjust the writing power to the optimum power that is required. When the optimum power may change because of changed conditions of disc and change in operating temperature. The 16 value of the time variation between leading and trailing edges of a specific (I3 I11) pit or land as measured by Time Interval Analysis. The difference between a fixed value of Pit length and Land length. Table Of Contents : in the Lead-in Area the subcode Q-channel contains information about the Tracks on the disc. A method of writing data on a CD in small increments. Two kinds of packets can be written : Fixed-length and Variable-length. The shape of the HF write signal used to modulate the power of the laser. The Write Strategy must be used for recordings necessary for disc measurements.

Jitter Deviation TOC Packet Writing Write Strategy

Information Wobble, ATIP, Disc Identification, Write Power, Speed Range OPC Parameters, etc are Area recorded in the Information area of CD-RW Disc Finalization The action in which (partially) unrecorded or logically erased tracks are finished and the Lead-in and/or Lead-out areas are recorded or overwritten with the appropriate TOC subcode. Logical Erase A method to remove information from a disc area by overwriting it with an EFM signal containing mode 0 subcode A logically erased area is equivalent to an unrecorded Physical Erase The action in which previously recorded information is erased by overwriting with a CW laser output. After a Physical Erase action, the erased area on the CD-RW disc is in the unrecorded state again. Session An area on the disc consisting of a Lead-in area, a Program area, a lead-out area. Multi session A session that contains or can contain more than one session composed Lead-in and Lead-out

21

The differences of CD-R/CD-RW discs and General CD-ROM


1. Recording Layer
Recordable CD has a wobbled pre-groove on the surface of disc for laser beam to follow track.

Read-only Disc DISC) CD-ROM (READ-ONLY

Track pitch(p) A

a=30nm

um 1.6 T 11 3~
0.4~0.5 um
Land

O a

Iw Radial Direction

Radial Error Signal Groove

CD-R and CD-RW Disc

a Average center

(Pit)Groove Land
Actual center

The Groove wobble

2. Disc Specification
ITEM Standard Record Tracking Signal I11/Itop (HF Modulation) Read Laser Power(mW) Jitter Reflectivity (Rtop)
Remark)

CD-ROM
Yellow Book Not available > 0.6 < 0.5 mW < 35 nsec 70 %

CD-R
Orange Book II Write once > 0.6 < 0.7 mW < 35 nsec 65 % 14-65 mW

CD-RW
Orange Book III Re-Writeable 0.55 > M11> 0.70 < 1.0 mW < 35 nsec 15 % ~ 25 % 6-45 mW

Write Laser Power(mW)

22

3. Disc Materials
1) CD-ROM disc
It is composed of Silver _ colored aluminum plate and Reflective layer. Groove (Pit) of aluminum plate make a track. Laser wavelength : 780 nm, Laser Power (Read): 0.5mW Signal is detected by the difference of reflective beam intensity between pit and Land on the disc.

Label Printing Protective Layer Reflective Layer

Substrate (Polycarbonate)

Pit

2) CD-R disc

Laser Beam

It is so-called WORM (Write Once Read Many) CD. It is composed of polycarbonate layer, Organic dye layer, Reflective layer, and Protective layer.Gold/Silver Reflective layer is used to enhance the reflectivity According to the kinds of Organic dye layer, it is divided by Green CD, Gold CD, Blue CD. Laser Wavelength : 780 nm, Laser Power (read) : 0.7 mW Recording Power : 8x(14~20mW), 16x(25~35mW) When some part of dye layer is exposed to laser heat, its color changs black.Therefore, writing and reading is enabled by the difference of reflectivity between changed part and unchanged part. Polycarbonate layer has Pre_Groove which make a Track.

Pigment Phtalocyanine Cyanine Azo

Reflective Layer Gold/Silver Gold/Silver Gold/Silver

Color Yellow/White Dark Green/Bright Green Dark Blue

Label Printing Protective Layer Reflective Layer Organic Dye Layer

Substrate (Polycarbonate)

Laser Beam

Groove

23

3) CD-RW Disc

Label Printing Protective Layer Dielectric Layer(TL) Recording Layer Dielectric Layer(UL) Substrate (Polycarbonate)

Laser Beam

Groove

It is composed of polycarbonate layer, alloy(silver, arsenic) layer, aluminum reflectivity layer, protective layer. An crystalized alloy layer is transformed into noncrystalized by the laser heat. Therefore, writing and reading is enabled by the difference of reflectivity. It is possible to overwrite about 1000 times. Laser Wavelength : 780 nm, Laser Power (Read) : 1.0mW Recording Power : Erase (4~18mW), Write (6~45mW) When disc rewriting, new data is overwritten previously recorded data. Polycarbonate layer has a Pre-Groove which make a track.

4. Reading process of Optical Disc


Lens

H D Beam Spot

Focusing Lens
Laser Spot at Constant Read Intensity

Numerical aperture: NA=nsin, n: Refractive index Focus depth : H = /NA laser spot diameter : D = /NA2

Previously Recorded Marks

Groove
Reflected Light Signal

Land

Mirror

I11 I3
Position (Time)

IG

IL

I0

Itop Laser Spot

24

5. Writing Process of CD-R Disc


Incident Laser Power (Write) (Read) (Read)

a b cd e f

Laser Spot Position (Time)

a Laser Spot b
Below "ORP" Mark Too Short

c d e f Recorded Mark
Reflected Light Signal

Reflected Light Signal

At Optimum Record Power ("ORP") Above "ORP" Mark Too Long

g
Time

a b cd e f

Laser Spot Position (Time)

6. Writing process of CD-RW Disc

Crystal phase

Melting/ quenching

Amorphous

Write Power Erase Power Read Power

Heating/ gradual cooling

Erased state (higher reflectivity)

Recorded state (lower reflectivity)

Groove Crystal Amorphous

25

7. Organization of the PCA, PMA and Lead-in Area


1) Layout of CD-ROM disc
Disc Center Diameter 46 mm Diameter 15 mm Diameter 120 mm

Center hole Clamping and Label Area

Information Area

Read Only Disc Lead-in Area Program Area Lead-out Area

2) Layout of CD-R/RW disc


Disc Center Diameter 45 mm Diameter 15 mm Diameter 120 mm

Center hole Clamping and Label Area

Information Area

Unrecorded Disc PCA PMA Lead-in Area Program Area Lead-out Area

Test Area : for performing OPC procedures. Count Area : to find the usable area immediately in T.A Test Area in Tsl-00:35:65 Tsl-00:15:05 Tsl-00:13:25 Tsl 99:59:74 00:00:00 Count Area Tsl : start time of the Lead-in Area, as encoded in ATIP out PMA : Program Memory Area

26

8. Function of PCA and PMA area


1) PCA (Power Calibration Area)
PCA area is used to determine the correct Laser Power for a disc. Method 1 : PCA area is divided by a track. Method 2 : The previous Calibration value is referred. Method 3 : ROPC is used to determine Laser Power value automatically in data writing. CD-R Disc can write maximum 99 Tracks but CD-RW Disc can write unlimited tracks because it has a rewritable function.

2) PMA (Program Memory Area)


It has a track information (track No, track Start/End time) of every track before writing completed. PMA area has the last written point and the next writable point of a disc. In case of CD to CD copy, some writer may not write PMA area. * When Disc is Finalized, PMA information is transferred to the Lead_In area so that general Driver can read it. * Because PCA and PMA area exist before Lead-In area, General CD Player or CD-ROM Drive cant read these areas.

9. OPC and ROPC


1) OPC (Optimum Power Control)
This is the first step of writing process, because CD writer has its own laser power value and media have different writing characteristics, This is determined by the Writing characteristic, speed, temperature, and humidity. Laser wavelength is determined by the environmental temperature (775~795nm) and Optical Laser Power is determined by the test and retry. Asymmetry and optimum writing Power EFM signal Asymmetry is determined by the writing power. Therefore, Optical Power which has the same value to the preset power value can be estimated by measuring HF signal Asymmetry on the PCA area. Measurement of Asymmetry * Parameter setting (Beta) : Using AC coupled HF signal before equalization Beta = (A1+A2)/(A1-A2)

HF Signal

A1 0 A2
Time P << Po Time P = Po Time P >> Po

27

2) ROPC (Running Optimum Power Control)


Variable primary factor of Optimum Power Change of Power sensitivity on the Disc. (limited to 0.05 *Po) Wavelength shift of the laser diode due to the operating temperature change. Change of the Spot aberration due to the Disc skew, Substrate thickness, Defocus. Incident recording pulse Change of Disc or Optics conditions due to the long term OPC ==> It is necessary to adjust continuously to obtain the Optimum Power. Principle of Running OPC To meet the factors mentioned above, a horizontal _ direction movement of a curve is uesd. Beta = f(B-level) = constant on the Recorded Disc Procedure of ROPC a. Reference B-level is determined during OPC Procedure. b. During Recording, B-level value is controlled to have a close Reflected recording pulse Reference B-level value. c. Normalization of B-level is used to eliminate the effect of reflectivity fluctuation. ==> The reflected B-level value is normalized by the disc reflectivity itself.
Sample Disc Reflectivity (Read power) 11T Level B Sampled at timing B normalized to recording power

Sampled timing B

Level B with Pwo Sample B-level (Write Power) Pwo decided by OPC Recording Power

10. Writing Process of DISC


CD-R/RW Media Program Area

OPC

PCA Test Area

Lead-In Area

PCA Count Area

Lead-out Area

* Recording Capacity of CD-R/RW (74Minute Recording media) (2048 Byte/Sector) X (75 Sector/Second) X (60 Second/Minute) X 74 Minute = 681,984,000 Bytes = 682 Mbytes But the actual recording capacity is about 650 Mbytes. (according to the ISO 9660 standard, approximately 30 Mbytes are used to make directory structure and volume names.)

28

ROPC

Write Strategy Determination

PMA Area

The differences of DVD-R/RW, DVD+R/RW discs and DVD-ROM


1. Recording Layer
DVD-ROM (Read Only Disc)

0
3T

u .74

0.4 um

DVD-R/RW Disc

LPP (Land Pre-Pit)

DVD+R/RW Disc

29

2. Disc Specification
DVD-ROM Single-Layer Dual-Layer Read Only 8.54GB 650nm 18~30nm 0.74 0.44 >0.6 26.16MHz 26.16MHz DVD-R Dye 4.7GB 650nm 45~85% 0.74 0.4 >0.6 26.16MHz 140KHz DVD-RW Phase change 4.7GB 650nm 18~30% 0.74 0.4 >0.6 26.16MHz 140KHz DVD+R Dye 4.7GB 650nm 45~85% 0.74 0.4 >0.6 26.16MHz 817.4KHz DVD+RW Phase change 4.7GB 650nm 18~30nm 0.74 0.4 >0.6 26.16MHz 817.4KHz

Media Type User data capacity Wavelength Reflectivity Track pitch Minimum pit length Modulation Channel bit- rate Wobble Frequency Addressing Read Power (mW) Write Power (mW) JItter

Read Only 4.7GB 650nm 45~85% 0.74 0.4 >0.6 26.16MHz 26.16MHz

Wobble & LPP Wobble & LPP Wobble(ADIP) Wobble(ADIP) 0.7 + 0.1 0.7 + 0.1

<8%

<8% <8% <8% <9% <9%

3. Disc Materials
1) DVD-ROM
<Single Layer > Label Polycarbonate Bonding layer Reflective layer Polycarbonate

<Dual Layer > Label Polycarbonate Reflective layer Bonding layer Semi-reflective Polycarbonate

30

2) Recording format using organic dye material (DVD-R/DVD+R)


* The format that records data through the creation of recorded marks by changing the organic dye material with a laser beam. > Disc structure
DVD-R
Adhesive layer Protective layer Reflective layer Recording layer(dye) Disc substrate

DVD+R
Adhesive layer Protective layer Reflective layer Recording layer(dye) Disc substrate

> Disc structure [Recording] Recording is done by changing the organic dye layer and the substrate with a laser when a strong is applied to a disc, the temperature of the ortanic dye material goes up, the dye is decomposed and the substrate changes at the same time. At this time, a durable bit is created as is the case with a CD-ROM.

[Playback] Signals are read with the differences of the reflection of a laser from pits.

Adhesive layer Protective layer Reflective layer Dye layer

Substrate

Laser beam

31

3) Recording format using phase-change recording material (DVD-RW/DVD+RW)


* Data is recorded by changing the recording layer from the amorphous status to the crystalline status, and played back by reading the difference of the reflection coefficient. [ Amorphous : Non-crystalline ] > Disc structure
DVD-RW
Adhesive layer Protective layer Reflective layer Dielectric layer Recording layer (Phase change material) Dielectric layer Disc substrate

DVD+RW
Adhesive layer Protective layer Reflective layer Dielectric layer Recording layer (Phase change material) Dielectric layer Disc substrate

> Recording principles [Recording] When a high-power laser is applied to the recording material, it melts and then becomes amorphous with a low reflection coefficient when it quickly cools off. When a mid-power laser is applied to heat gradually the recording material and then gradually cools it off, it becomes crystal with a high reflection coefficient. [Playback] A low-power laser is used for playback. The amount of reflected light depends on the status (amorphous or crystalline) of the recording material. This is detected by an optical sensor.

Substrate Laser beam

Crystalline status
Recording data (Melting/Quick cooling)

Amorphous status

Erasing data (Heating/Gradual cooling)

Data erased state (High reflection coefficient)

Recorded state (Low reflection coefficient)

32

4. Writing Pulse Wave Form of DVD+R


For different speed ranges, different write strategies can be used. This document specifies 2 options: - a pulsed write strategy, where each single mark is created by a number of subsequent separated short pulses. - a blocked write strategy, where each single mark is created by one continuous pulse.

1) 1st Method : Using Pulsed Write Strategy


* 3T :

T=3
NRZI
Channel bits dTtop Pp dTle

2Tw
Ttop

Pb

N = 3 : only the top pulse(Ttop ), first pulse lead-time dT top , dTle


* > 4T :

T>4
Channel bits dTtop Pp dTle

NRZI

2Tw Ttop Tmp

Tw Tmp Tlp

Pb

N > 4 : the top pulse (T top ), multi-pulse (Tmp ) and last pulse (Tlp ), first pulse lead-time dT top, dT le
Pp : Actual write power Pb : Bias Power

33

2) 2st Method : Using Blocked Write Strategy

NRZI Channel bits

2Tw dTtop Ttop

Tw T lp Tmp

dPp Pp 0mW dTle Pb dTtop,3 dPp3 1.25Tw dTle Ttop,3 dPp4 1.25Tw Ttop,4 Tlp Pc Pb 1.25Tw

Pc

Pb

3T mark
dTtop,4

4T mark

5T mark

1.25Tw Ttop,4 Tmp Tlp

Etc.

1.25Tw Ttop,4 Tmp Tmp Tlp

N = 3 : Ttop (cm = 3) can be optimized individually. N > 4 : Ttop (cm > 4) + (N-3) x Tw + Tlp , T w = T mp Pc shall be < 0.1mW
Pp : Actual write power Pb : Bias Power dPp : Additional power ( Only be applied for the 3T and 4T marks) Pc : Cooling power (Especially at higher recording speeds, optimum cooling down of the recording layer after writing a mark may be needed.)

34

5. Writing Pulse Wave Form of DVD+RW

NRZI Channel bits

2Tw Ttop
dTtop

Tw Tmp Tmp Tmp

dTera

Pp

Pe Pb 0mW

Pp : Actual write power Pe : Erase Power Pb : Bias Power

35

6. Organization of the Inner Drive Area, Outer Drive Area, Lead-in Zone and Lead-out Zone
1) Layout of DVD-ROM disc Disc Center
Diameter 44 mm Diameter 33 mm Diameter 22 mm Diameter 16 mm Diameter 15 mm Center hole Clamping Zone 3rd transtion area

Diameter 120 mm

Information Zone Rim area

1st transition area 2nd transition area

Read Only Disc Lead-in Zone Data Zone Lead-out Zone

2) Layout of DVD+R disc Disc Center


Diameter 44 mm Diameter 33 mm Diameter 22 mm Diameter 16 mm Diameter 15 mm Center hole Clamping Zone 3rd transtion area

Diameter 120 mm

Information Zone Rim area

1st transition area 2nd transition area Inner Drive Area Lead-in Zone

Unrecorded Disc Data Zone


Lead -out Zone Outer Drive Area

Inner Disc Test Zone in

Inner Disc Count Zone

Outer Disc Test Zone

Outer Disc Count Zone OUT

PSN: 23080H 27080H 27480H 28480H 2A480H 30000H 260540H 261940H 262940H

263940H

267940H

> Inner Disc Test Zone : for performing OPC procedures. > Inner Disc Count Zone : for counting the number of OPC algorithm performed in IDT Zone. > Outer Disc Test Zone : for performing OPC procedures. > Outer Disc Count Zone : for counting the mumger of OPC algorithm performed in IDT Zone.

36

3) Layout of DVD+RW disc Disc Center


Diameter 44 mm Diameter 33 mm Diameter 22 mm Diameter 16 mm Diameter 15 mm Center hole Clamping Zone 3rd transtion area

Diameter 120 mm

Information Zone Rim area

1st transition area 2nd transition area Lead-in Zone

Unrecorded Disc Data Zone


Lead -out Zone

Inner Disc Test Zone in PSN: 2A480H

Inner Disc Count Zone

Outer Disc Test Zone

Outer Disc Count Zone OUT

2A7C80H

2DC80H

30000H

260540H

262940H

265940H

266140H

> Inner Disc Test Zone : for performing OPC procedures. > Inner Disc Count Zone : for counting the number of OPC algorithm performed in IDT Zone. > Outer Disc Test Zone : for performing OPC procedures. > Outer Disc Count Zone : for counting the number of OPC algorithm performed in IDT Zone.

37

LightScribe Media
1. LightScribe Media

DiscOD

Label Zone Control Feature Zone Clamping/Logo Zone Center Hole

Screen Printed Imaging Layer Clear Protective Coating Reflective/Thermal Layer Dye Data Layer Polycarbonate Substrate

38

(Spindle) MECHANISM (Sled) (Track) (Tilt) (Focus) Laser Power Reference Write Strategy Control RFOUT RF Cell Signals CIrcuit SERVO Signals Optical Pick-up Focus Actuator Tilt Actuator Power Drive Track Actuator Step Motor

Spindle Motor

Host PC

Buffer Memory

uP (DSP)

2. Hardware Block Diagram of LightScribe Label Printing

Analog Signal Processor

Laser Power Monitor Signal

Optical FG

Optical Encoder

39

3. MD Assy For LightScribe

Optical Encoder Unit

40

OPU ID Movement Range : L=21um

4. Optical Encoder Assy

Codewheel

Direction of radial play

Encoder PCB

Optical Encoder IC

PIN 6 VCC

PIN 5 CH A

PIN 4 GND

PIN 6 VCC

PIN 1 CH B

PIN 5 CH A PIN 4 GND

PIN 2 GND PIN 3 VLED

PIN 1 CH B

PIN 2 GND

PIN 3 VLED

Schematic of Enc PCB


V LED GND GND Vcc

CODEWHEEL OR CODESTRIP

FFC 3PIN
OFG

VCC CH A CH B

SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUITRY

CH B

41

42

1. Data Processing Flow

IC261 DRAM

IC121 IC121 RF RF AMP AMP (AN22117A) (AN22113A)

CD
SERVO DSP Encoder & Decoder & CSS

IC201 IC201 (MA103SB4G) (MN103SA6G)


Command

P-up Unit (LPC-812R)

RF EQ & AGC

TE/CSO GEN

DVD

FE GEN

RF data slice Data PLL Servo ADC Focus/tracking control output Sled control output CAV Spindle control

EFM demodulator CiRC error correction Audio DAC Buffer/Memory controller CSS controller Atapi interface control

Data Status

DVD & CD DATA PROCESSING

SRAM Flash ROM

IC262

2. Copy Protection and Regional Code Management Block


Block Diagram

Change the KEY

MN103SB4G
Scrmbled MPEG data

HOST DVD PLAYER (EMPEG2 B/D)

KEY Magagement Control

Brief Process
1. Regional Code for DVD Disc DVD-ROM drive transfers the regional code of the control data to host by the command of host, the DVD player of host reads the regional code, and plays title in the case of allowed regional code only. 2. Management of DVD Disc for the scrambled of data (1) DVD-ROM and DVD player of host generate the KEY 1 respectively, transfer to opposite part, the KEY 2 is received, recognizes the data transfer or not with this value, and generates the bus key encoded the data. (2) Encoded Disc Key and Title Key host is transfer with the bus Key. (3) DVD player of host reads the key value, and uses the value to restore the scrambled data. * Refer to the next page for the details.

43

3. About Prevention the DVD-ROM from to be copy


A data is able to encode and record in the disc, if a copyright holder wants to prevent the disc from copying. In case of a disc enhanced movie of 3 titles...... DISC KEY (2048 Bytes) is used to encode the whole contents in the disc and TITLE KEY (5 Bytes) is used to encode the title respectively. So, the data is encoded and stored in a disc through the unknown algorithms with a disc key and title key. (At this time, the disc key and title key are stored in a disc.) As above, the disc is able to copy when the disc key and title key are opened. Then, ROM-DRIVE encodes the disc key and title key and transfers to MPEG2 board. If you want to play the disc prevented from the copy...... First of all, ROM-DRIVE and MPEG-2 board identify with each other through the procedure as described below.

AGID

HOST

ROM-DRIVE

Challenge key

MPEG-2 BOARD

encoded disc key, title key

1. Drive and host gives and takes the ID of 2bit. This ID is AGID (Authentication Grant ID). The various decoder boards are attached to the host, in these, AGID sets the MPEG-2 board and drive. 2. After the AGID is set, MPEG-2 board generates the challenge key (10 Byte) and transfers to drive. The board and drive generate key 1 (5Byte) with the challenge key respectively. (Of course, the Algorithm generating the key 1 is not known.) 3. Compare with the generated key 1, if it corresponds each other, the first step of authentication is completed. This is a course to identify the MPEG-2 board with a drive. 4. The second step of authentication is a course to identify a drive with the MPEG-2 board. The dirve generates a challenge key and transfers it to the MPEG-2 board. The dirve and MPEG-2 board generate the key 2 (5Byte) with the challenge key, compare with each other, and if it corresponds and the secondary step of authentication is completed. 5. As above, the identification is completed. 6. The dirve and MPEG-2 board generate the Bus key with the key 1 and key 2 and own it. 7. Dirve encodes the disc key and title key with this Bus key and transfers to the MPEG-2 board. 8. The MPEG-2 board reads the encoded disc key and title key with the Bus key only. 9. MPEG-2 board lets data read from the drive to decode with the read disc key and title key and makes into the video signal by decoding.

44

4. About the DVD-ROM Regional Code


Regional code

1
GRL FIN CAN RUS FST LTU BIR POI UKR MNG U.S.A BMG JRN MIX BHS CUB TUR TKM AFG PAK MMR CHN

6 3

KOR

JPN

1
PRI. VIR

FGY

2
HKG TWN MAC PHL PLW PNG MNP GUM

1
MDI

5 4 2
ZAF ISO SWZ

1
AUS

NZL

DISC

ROM - DRIVE

MPEG-2 BOARD

VGA CARD

MONITOR

The disc has the regional code of 8 bit.

Transfer to MPEG-2 board reading the regional code.

If the board is setting to the regional code 1 for the U.S.A. ... Check the received regional code to number 1, all or not, transfer the data to VGA card in accordance with only a case among the three case.

Example) The disc manufactured in the U.S.A, has the number one.

Receiving data from the MPEG-2 board and output through the monitor

45

INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF THE PICK-UP


1. Block Diagram of the PICK-UP(LPC-812R)
7 6 5 4 3 2 1
RFSW EF3 RF+ C EF2 B CXA2694N VC A PD4CI EF1 EF4

8 9 10 11 12 VCC 13 D 14 GND

CW CW

10 9 8 7 6

VREF NC CDO DVDO IN

VCC GND STB SW OUT

1 2 3 4 5 Themester

CP0076AH

13 14 15 16 17 18

ENA OUTB RSA GND RSB OUTA

E3 NE2 E2 ER RFA RFB

ATR0549 LDD1
VCC SEL

6 5 4 3 2 1

Focus

TILT TRACK

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45

VC(PDIC) VCC(PDIC) GND(PDIC) EF4 EF1 A B EF2 EF3 C D SW(PDIC) RF+ RFSW(FM) VCC(FM) GND(FM) VREF(FM) FM_OUT TEMP GND W1DISN W1DIS W2DISN W2DIS W3DISN W3DIS OSCEN GND GND VCC W3SET W2SET W1SET RSET OUTSET ENABLE VCC GND F+ FTILT+ TILTT+ T-

11 VCC 12 19
DVD_LD CD_LD

8 NE4 9 OSC 10
IR I2

VCC

E4 I3

NE3 I4

24

23 22 21

20

Actuator

46

2. Pick up Pin Assignment


No. 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Pin Name TT+ TiltTilt+ FF+ GND(LDD) VCC(LDD) ENABLE OUTSEL RSET W1SET W2SET W3SET VCC(LDD) GND(LDD) GND(LDD) OSCEN W3DIS W3DISN W2DIS W2DISN W1DIS W1DISN GND(FPD) TEMP FPD-OUT VREF(FPD) GND(TEMP) VCC(FPD) SW2(FPD) RFRF+ SW1(PDIC) D C EF3 EF2 B A EF1 EF4 GND(PDIC) VCC(PDIC) VC(PDIC) Signal Description Tracking Actuator drive signalTracking Actuator drive signal+ Tilting Actuator drive signalTilting Actuator drive signal+ Focusing Actuator drive signalFocusing Actuator drive signal+ Ground connection for LDD Power supply for LDD Disables output current regardless of OUTEN(ENABLE Low:No lout) High:selects DVD LD, Low:CD LD Input voltage for current amplifier Input voltage for current amplifier Input voltage for current amplifier Input voltage for current amplifier Power supply for LDD Ground connection for LDD Ground connection for LDD TTL control for Oscillator Enable (High Enable) LVDS control for output current (High Enable) LVDS control for output current (Low Enable) LVDS control for output current (High Enable) LVDS control for output current (Low Enable) LVDS control for output current (High Enable) LVDS control for output current (Low Enable) Ground connection for PDIC, FPD, TEMP Output voltage for controlling temperature APC amplifier output APC amplifier reference voltage output Ground connection for PDIC, FPD, TEMP Power supply for FPD FPD output gain Select (High : CD, Low:DVD) Signal PDIC RF negative differential output Signal PDIC RF positive differential output PDIC output gain Select (L/M/H) Signal PDIC output D Signal PDIC output C Signal PDIC output EF3 Signal PDIC output EF2 Signal PDIC output B Signal PDIC output A Signal PDIC output EF1 Signal PDIC output EF4 Ground connection for PDIC, FPD, TEMP, LDD Power supply for PDIC(+5V) Reference voltage input for PDIC)

47

3. Signal detection of the P/U

Infrared Iaser Pick-Up module Tracking Focusing

Photo Diode

1) Focus Error Signal ==> (A+C)-(B+D) This signal is generated in SODC Servo Block (IC201, MN103SB4G) through (IC121, AN22117A) and controls the pick-ups up and down to focus on Disc. 2) Tracking Error Signal (DPP Method) ==> {(A+D)-(B+C)}- k x {(EF1+EF4)-(EF2+EF3)} This signal is generated in SODC Servo Block (IC201, MN103SB4G) through (IC121, AN22117A) and controls the pick-ups left and right shift to find to track on Disc. 3) RF Signal ==> (A+B+C+D) This signal is converted to DATA signal in DSP IC (IC201 : MN103SB4G).

Track Center

Tp/2

Sub1 F,E

Main

D,C A,B

Sub2

H,G

Tp k[(F+H) - (E+G)] Offset (A+D) - (B+C)

TE

(A+D) - (B+C) - k[(F+H) - (E+G)]

48

DESCRIPTION OF CIRCUIT
1. ALPC (Automatic Laser Power Control) Circuit
1-1. Block Diagram

CN 101
Optical Pick-up LPC-812R
VREFPD 124

IC 121
APC

AN22117A
Ave S/H2 LPF Erase Space

IC 201 MN103SB4G
M P X

FM

19

123 VPD

VGA

S/H3 S/H1
40 41 SH2

A/D

VGA

LD

PD
42 SH1

Write Strategy S/H Signal

LDD D/A D/A D/A D/A D/A D/A Serial I/F

SH3

ADSC

1-2. ALPC (Automatic Laser Power Control) Circuit Operation


The ALPC block detects the laser output power of the front monitor. The power signal detected with the PD for front monitor detection is input the voltage from the VPD pin(123Pin), the reference signal of the input signal is input from the VREFPD pin(124Pin). The ALPC block generates the singals from the input laser power signals in the following detection systems. This block has four detection paths:All average value path, multi pulse average/peak value detection path, erase/bottom value detection path, space/playback power value detection path.

49

2. Focus/Tracking/Sled Servo Circuit


2-1. Focus, Tracking & Sled Servo Process
Focus, Tracking, Sled Servo

Pick-up E F B C G H A D
A,B,C,D E,F,G,H

IC121 AN22117A

MPX Block

IC201 Servo Control MN103SB4G

A,B,C,D

A,B,C,D

E,F,G,H

Tracking Focusing Actuator

Focus Error Detector


TE

Track Error Detector


FE

IC301 BD7956
53
T-

54
T+

51
F-

52
F+

A/D
TE
FDRV TDRV

A/D
FE

LEVEL SHIFT

LEVEL SHIFT

5 4 29 30 Logic 37 38 40 39 A+ A- B- B+

60 64 66 67

D A C

PARALLEL DIGITAL COMPENSATOR

STEP2 STEP1

A/D

SLED COMPENSATOR
SDRV

M
Stepping Motor

50

MN103SA6G MECHANISM

Need to change to 16bit R On/Off R On/Off Track BD7956 Drive IC Focus OPU

S-DPWM 10bit 100/50 MHz

S-DPWM 10bit 100/50 MHz RFOUT ADC INT 16 bit Timer Circuit AN22113 FEP

PDIC

Internal u-P(F/W)

RXD

2-2. Focus & Tracking Servo Process(using the LightScribe)

HC_CTL

RFOUT

LPF RXD MUX Comparator RFS_iNT RXD/RFS_INT

V ref

51

3. Spindle Servo Circuit


3-1. Spindle Servo Process

Pick-up E F B C G H Spindle Motor A D RF SRF

IC121 AN22117A
Wobble Signal Generator WBLIN

EFM

IC201 MN103SB4G
SERVO DSP

M
Frequency Controller Level Shift

SPDRV

68 Phase Controller

IC301 BD7956FS

3-2. Spindle Servo


Spindle servo is as following ; 1) Wobble CLV 4x, 10x, 16x, 24x, 32x, 40x : Blank area in CD-R, CD-RW 2) Wobble CLV 1x, 2x, 2.4x, 4x, 8x : Blank area in DVD+/-R/RW 3) CD 15x CAV : Video CD, CD-DA(Audio out) 4) CD 32x CAV : CD-RW, CD-DA(DAE) 5) CD 40x, 48x CAV : CD-ROM/R 6) DVD 12x CAV : Single Layer DVD-ROM(Movie), Dual Layer DVD-ROM, DVD+RW, DVD-RW, DVD+R Double Layer 7) DVD 12x CAV : DVD+R, DVD-R 6) DVD 16x CAV : Single layer DVD-ROM(Data) -Spindle Servo is controlled by IC201(MN103SB4G) and servo signal is output via SP-DRV(Pin68).

52

3-3. Spindle Servo Process(using the LightScribe)

MN103SB4G MN103SA6G

MECHANISM

BSDA 12bit 100MHz

2 or 3 state

R On/Off

BD7956 Drive IC

Motor

Internal u-P (F/W)

Optical FG INT

69

Optical Encoder

16bit Timer

Pre-scale

X-TAL 16.9344MHz

5V

Enc
FEP

Vcc

TR

Optical Encoder IC

53

MAJOR IC INTERNAL BLOCK DIAGRAM AND PIN DESCRIPTION


IC121 (AN22117A) : FEP(RF) Analog Signal Processor
Pin Assignment

VCC21 CWAGC1 CWAGC2 CWBLVGA CRWCMP CRWAGC CWBLCMP CWBLBUF RFB RFA CDRF AIDENV/WBLDIF

CWBLHPF2 CWBLHPF1

RFOUT CLPPHPF CLPPPH HDVREF RFIN1 RFIN2

N.C.

N.C.

96 95 94 93 92 91 90 89 88 87 86 85 84 83 82 81 80 79 78 77 76 75 74 73 72 71 70 69 65 67 66 65 64 63 62 61 60 59 58 57 56 55 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33

N.C. N.C.

PAD3 PAD2 PAD1 PAD0 FLTAMP VCC22 EQOUTB EQOUTA

N.C. N.C. N.C. GND2 AIN BIN CIN DIN VCC6 EIN FIN VCC1 GIN HIN GND1 SVREF CPCAPH CPCABH N.C. VHALF CTC2 CTC1 CBDOS CBDOF VCC3 VREF25 VPD VREFPD GND3 PO6 PO5 PO4

97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128

N.C. WBL CLUMPGT LPPS ASENV/LPPM GND4 VCC52 RSDAT RSEN N.C. SDAT SCK SEN CHSEL N.C. TGCHG LSEN LSCK LSDAT VCC4 SH5 FEPIDGT/SH6 SH1 SH2 SH3 WIDGT/SH4 WTGT GND5 BDO OFTR VCC51 TC

AN22117A
(Top View) 128Pin TQFP TQFP-128-P-1414A

N.C.

54

PIO2 PIO3 PIO4 CXDPH1 CXDPH2 GND6 STMDN STMD VHALF SEO1 SEO2 MOUT0 MOUT1 MOUT2 VCC8 IREAD IWRT1 IWRT2 IWRT3 GND7 CLPCLPF RVREF VCC7 STMOUT

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Block Diagram

STMD

STMDN

STMOUT

SE01

SE02

CTC1 CTC2 TEC Block

TC

CXDPH1

CXDPH2 MPX SLPOS LPF

SH6

SPLAOUT

INPUT
AIN BIN CIN DIN EIN FIN GIN GIN INPUT Buffer

Block
SAINL SBINL SCINL S/H AAF SDINL SEINL SFINL SGINL SHINL MPX (SE01) M P X M P X

COMP. ENC Block

Input select SW

SLP23

VGA VGA

LPF

COMP.
SLP14

PK ENV PK ENV

LPOS Block

SPLBOUT VGA/Bypass & offset DAC VGA/ Bypass MPX Block SRFMA VGA SRFMD SRFMB VGA SRFMC SDPDTEP DPD TE Dtetction SDPDTEN SPLAOUT SPLBOUT DPD Block MPX (SE01) SLP14 SLP23 S/H S/H

TECENV

MPX

WBL/LPP Block
AGC Bypss AGC Bypss BAL BAL VGA WBL Detection LPP Detection

CRWAGC CRWCMP CWBLCMP CWBLBUF CWBLVGA WBLDIF WBL ASENV/LPPN LPPS CLPPHPP CLPPPH CWAGC2

SRFMA SRFMB SH4 SH1 VREF25 HDVREF GATE VHALF VREF08 VREF To Each Block VREF Block CBDOF CBDOS ALL Sum GATE Block From LOGIC SRFMC SRFMD

COMP.

CWAGC1 SH5 OFTR

TCOP TC/TI Dtetction TCON TIOP TION BDO Block PK ENV SBDOAS Level Shift

TCO MPX TIO

OPC & ASENV Block


VGA LPF

MPX

MPX SEL SH1 LPF/ Bypass

SH2 SH3

AAF AAF ATT COMP. AAF

S/H S/H

MPX COMP.

VGA

VGA

PK ENV PK ENV

VPD ATT SEL FPDM CPCAPH CPCABH VGA

S/H

LPF

APC Block

JLINE Block
SW To Each Block JLINE ITH 5bit DAC RD-scale 16bit DAC From LOGIC RD 11bit DAC LPF

CLPCLPF

IREAD VGA Read Buffer IWRT1 Write Buffer IWRT2 Write Buffer IWRT3 Write Buffer

RFA RFB

RF Gene Block RF Gene Block


P00 P01 P02 P03 P04 P05 P06 From FEP LOGIC To LPC Block BS1 11bit DAC PK1 11bit DAC

RFEQ Block
OFST HPF EQ AMP CLMP LPC LOGIC

LPCDAC Block

SRF/P0/PI0 Block

To Each Block To MFX FEP LOGIC IREF

PK2 11bit DAC

EQOUTA PI01 PI03 PI00 PIo2 PI04

EQOUTB

FLTAMP

RFIN2 RFIN1

RFOUT

BDO

RSEN SDAT SEN LSDAT LSENI GCHG RSDAT SCK SCK

RREF

55

Pin Assignment
Pin no. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 Pin Name NC PO3 PO2 PO1 PO0 VCC53 PIO0 PIO1 PIO2 PIO3 PIO4 CXDPH1 CXDPH2 GND6 STMDN STMD VREF08 SEO1 SEO2 MOUT0 MOUT1 MOUT2 VCC8 IREAD IWRT1 IWRT2 IWRT3 GND7 CLPCLPF RVREF VCC7 STMOUT TC VCC51 OFTR BDO GND5 WTGT WIDGT/SH4 SH3 Type O O O O PS I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I I PS I I O O O O I/O I/O PS O O O O PS I I PS O O PS O O PS I I I Function General CMOS output pin Head Amp/OEIC gain change signal output pin 3. Head Amp/OEIC gain change signal output pin 2. Head Amp/OEIC gain change signal output pin 1. Power supply pin for CMOS I/F & LOGIC. General CMOS Input/Output pin 0. General CMOS Input/Output pin 1. General CMOS Input/Output pin 2. General CMOS Input/Output pin 3. General CMOS Input/Output pin 4. PH capacitor commection pin 1 for LPOS. PH capacitor commection pin 2 for LPOS GND pin for BG. PD input pin for STM. PD input pin for STM. 0.8V reference voltage output pin (APC). Output pin 1 after selection of each error signal. Output pin 2 after selection of each error signal. Analog monitor 0. Analog monitor 1. Analog monitor 2. Power supply pin for LPC (5.0V) DAC electric current output pin for READ. DAC electric current output pin 1 for WRITE. DAC electric current output pin 2 for WRITE. DAC electric current output pin 3 for WRITE. GND pin for LPC. Capacitor connection pin for LPC/DAC LPF. Capacitor connection pin for reference voltage setting. Power supply pin for LPC (3.3V). Encoder circuit comparator output. Track cross signal output. Power supply pin for CMOS I/F & LOGIC(3.3V) OFTR signal output. BDO output. Ground pin for CMOS I/F. Write gate signal input pin (pull-down) VFO through signal input pin. ROPC mark detection sampling signal innput pin (pull-down) PCA average detection, APC space detection/Playback power detection/ Erase detection sample timing signal input pin(pulldown).

56

Pin no. 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77

Pin Name SH2 SH1 FEPIDGT/SH6 SH5 VCC4 LSDAT LSCK LSEN TGCHG NC CHSEL SEN SCK SDAT NC RSEN RSDAT VCC52 GND4 ASENV/LPPM LPPS CLUMPGT WBL NC EQOUTA EQOUTB VCC22 FLTAMP PAD0 PAD1 PAD2 PAD3 NC NCCWBLHPF1 CWBLHPF2 NC

Type I I I I PS I/O I I I I I I I/O I I PS PS O O I O O O PS I I I I I I I -

Function PCA peak/bottom detection, APC space detection/ Playback power detection/ Erase detection sample timing signal input pin (pulldown) ROPC space detection, APC space detection/ Playback power detection sample timing signal input pin(pulldown). CAPA through signal input pin/servo sampling signal input pin (pull-down) Sample-and-hold timing signal input pin of wobble S/H at recording (pull-down) Power supply pin for internal LOGIC (5.0V) Serial data input for LPC. Serial clock enable input LPC. Serial enable input for LPC. LPC DAC bank change control signal input pin. Serial MPX channel change data input pin. Serial enable input pin for FEP (pull-down) Serial clock input pin for FEP (pull-up). Serial data input pin for FEP. Serial enable input for RF (pull-down). Serial signal data input for RF Power supply pin for CMOS I/F & internal current source power supply pin2 (3.3V) Ground pin for internal LOGIC ASENV output/LPP mark output pin LPP space output pin RFAGC input bias circuit clamp setting input pin (pulldown) WBL binary output Equalizer filter output pin 1. Equalizer filter output pin 2. Power supply pin for RFEQ/LPP (5.0V) Filter final stage AMP reference voltage stabilization pin. A/D input pin 0 A/D input pin 1 A/D input pin 2 A/D input pin 3 HPF capacitor connection pin for WBLAGC 1. HPF capacitor connection pin for WBLAGC 2. -

57

Pin no. 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117

Pin Name RFIN2 RFIN1 HDVREF CLPPPH CLPPHPF RFOUT NC AIDENV/WBLDIF CDRF RFA RFB CWBLBUF CWBLCMP CRWAGC CRWCMP CWBLVGA2 CWAGC2 CWAGC1 VCC21 NC NC NC GND2 AIN BIN CIN DIN VCC6 EIN FIN VCC1 GIN HIN GND1 SVREF CPCAPH CPCABH NC VHALF CTC2

Type I I O I I O O I I I I I I I I I I PS PS I I I I PS I I PS I I PS I I I I O I

Function RFAGC signal input pin 2. RFAGC signal input pin 1. 2.2V reference voltage output pin. Capacitor connection pin for LPP peak hold Capacitor connection pin for LPPHPF RF signal output pin. ASENV binary output/Differential signal output pin for ADIP detection CD RF signal input pin. DVD RF differential input pin 1. DVD RF differential input pin 2. Capacitor connection pin for WBLDIF. Floating Capacitor connection pin for VGA before WBL binary. AGC adjustment capacitor connection pin for +RW. Floating Capacitor connection pin for VGA before WBLDIF AGC. Floating Capacitor connection pin for VGA before SRL. AGC adjustment capacitor connection pin 2 for WBL extraction. AGC adjustment capacitor connection pin 1 for WBL extraction. Power supply pin for RF gene/WBL (5.0V) DVD Tracking input pin 1. DVD Tracking input pin 2. DVD Tracking input pin 3. DVD Tracking input pin 4. Power supply pin for DPD (3.3V) CD main signal input pin 1. CD main signal input pin 2. Power supply pin for INPUT MATRIX/SERVO (5.0V) CD servo signal input pin 1. CD servo signal input pin 2. Ground pin for INPUT MATRIX/SERVO/DPD. OEIC signal reference level input pin. PCA pick hold capacitor connection pin. PCA bottom bold capactior connection pin. Reference voltage output pin 1/2 VCC (3.3V). Floating capacitor connection pin for tracking error binary.

58

Pin no. 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128

Pin Name CTC1 CBDOS CBDOF VCC3 VREF25 VPD VREFPD GND3 PO6 PO5 PO4

Type I I I PS O I I PS O O O

Function Capacitor connection pin for TC HPF. Capacitor connection pin for BDO detecting circuit LPF. Capacitor connection pin for BDO detecting circuit Pick detection. Power supply pin for APC/OPC/ASENV (5.0V). 2.5V reference voltage output pin. DVD front monitor signal input pin. Front light system reference level input pin. Ground pin for APC/OPC/ASENV. Ground CMOS output pin 6. Ground CMOS output pin 5. Ground CMOS output pin 4.

I : Input pin

O: Output pin

I/O : I/O pin

PS : Power supply/Ground pin

N.C: Non Connection

59

60

Pin Assigment

LPPS ASENV/LPPM RSDAT RSEN SDAT SCK SEN CHSEL AVDD33D2 LOUT ROUT AVSSD2 RV1 VREFH AVDD33D1 CPOP1 CPOP2 CPOP3 CPOP4 CPOP5 AVSSD1 SE02 SE01 AVSSA AVDD33A AIDENV/WBLDIF REFMDLA REFTOP REFBTM REGDRC EQOUTB EQOUTA AVDD33DRC CDA1 AVSSDRC WBL CLUMPGT TGCHG/P05 LSEN LSCK LSDAT LDDENA FEPIDGT SH5 SH1 SH2 SH3 WIDGT WTGT BDO OFTR TC P02/NLDERR FMSW/P03 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54

P04/GENE0/TRCDATA3/EXTRIG2 P06/HFON VSS VDD3 VHALF/P07 PWM0A PWM0B/PI0 PWM1A PWM1B/P11 PWM2A/P27 PWM2B/P12/TX PWM3A PWM3B/P13 PWM4 FG MASTER/P23 NRESET HDD[7] HDD[8]

MN103SB4G

TOP VIEW

SDAT HDD[6] VSS VDD12 VDD3 HDD[9] HDD[10] HDD[4] HDD[11] HDD[3] HDD[12] HDD[2] HDD[13] VSS VDD3 HDD[1] HDD[14] HDD[0] HDD[15] DMARQ NIOWR NIORD IORDY NDMACK INTRO NIOCS16/P22 DA1 NPDIAG DA0 DA2 NCS1FX NCS3FX VSS VDD5 VDD3 162 161 160 159 158 157 156 155 154 153 152 151 150 149 148 147 146 145 144 143 142 141 140 139 138 137 136 135 134 133 132 131 130 129 128 127 126 125 124 123 122 121 120 119 118 117 116 115 114 113 112 111 110 109 FDT4 FDT11 FDT3 FDT10 FDT2 FDT9 FDT1 FDT8 FDT0 NCE NCE MA4 MA3 MA5 MA2 MA6 MA1 MA7 MA0 VDD3 VSS MA8 MA10 MA9 P15/TRCDATA3/EXTRIG2/MBA1 VDD12 P14/TRODATA2/EXTRIG1/MA11 MBA0 MCKE MNRAS MCLK MNCAS MDQMU MNWE MDQML VDD3 VSS MDQ8 MDQ7 MDQ9 MDQ6 MDQ10 MDQ5 MDQ11 MDQ4 MDQ12 MDQ3 MDQ13 MDQ2 MDQ14 MDQ1 MDQ15 MDQ0 NPASP

IC201 (MN103SB4G) : Encoder, Decoder & DSP Singal Processor

55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108

216 215 214 213 212 211 210 209 208 207 206 205 204 203 202 201 200 199 198 197 196 195 194 193 192 191 190 189 188 187 186 185 184 183 182 181 180 179 178 177 176 175 174 173 172 171 170 169 168 167 166 165 164 163 TX/P16 SDATA SCLOCK TRCST/P21 TRCCLK/P20 DASPST/TRODATA0 MSTPOL/TRODATA1 P17/TRCDATA2/EXTRIG1 NRST TRYLOAD/P26 NEJECT VDD3 VSS NPK3MD PK3MD NPK2MD PK2MD NPKMD PKMD NBSMD BSMD VDD12 FADR1 FADR2 FADR3 FADR4 FADR5 FADR6 FADR7 FADR8 FADR17 FADR18 FADR19/P24 FADR20/P25 NWE FADR9 FADR10 FADR11 FADR12 FADR13 FADR14 FADR15 FADR16 VSS OSCI OSCO VDD3 FDT15 FDT7 FDT14 FDT6 FDT13 FDT5 FDT12

Block Diagram (SODC:MN103SB4G)

FEP

DRC CIRC

DVD Formatter

DVD/CD error correction

ATAPI I/F

HOST

DMA bus

LDD
ANALOG CD Write ODC (ECC command) External DRAM I/F

FEP

SDRAM 16 Mbit

SERVO

Internal data memory

System I/F

Clock Generator

16.9 MHz

debugger

On-Chip Debugger

32 bit CPU

Bus control

Flash ROM 2 Mbytes

Resistor bus

Watchdog Timer

Interrupt ion

Timer

GeneralPurpose Ports

PWM

Serial I/F

61

Pin Table
Pin Number 1 2 Pin Name LPPS ASENV LPPM 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 RSDAT RSEN SDAT SCK SEN CHSEL AVDD33D2 LOUT ROUT AVSSD2 RV1 VREFH AVDD33D1 CPOP1 CPOP2 CPOP3 CPOP4 CPOP5 AVSSD1 SEO2 SEO1 AVSSA AVDD33A AIDENV WBLDIF 27 28 29 30 REFMDLA REFTOP REFBTM REGDRC O O O O Cap. Cap. Cap. Cap. O O I/O O O O Power supply O O GND I/O I Power supply I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O GND I I GND Power supply I FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP Power supply Audio AMP Audio AMP GND Res FEP Power supply Cap. Res Cap. Res Cap. Res Cap. Res Cap. Res GND FEP FEP GND Power supply FEP I/O I I Connection Target FEP FEP Description LPP space input ASENV input LPP mark input FEP serial interface data 2(RF) FEP serial interface enable 2 (RF) FEP serial interface data FEP serial interface clock FEP serial interface enable CAPA polarity switch signal. sub beam sampling signal Analog Vpp (3.3V) for audio Analog audio output (Lch) Analog audio output (Rch) Analog Vss for audio Fixed current source for LVDS, WBL and analog blocks. 2.2V reference voltage input WOBBLE analog VDD (3.3V) Filter connection pin for wobble PLL Filter connection pin for wobble PLL Filter connection pin for wobble PLL Filter connection pin for wobble PLL Filter connection pin for wobble PLL WOBBLE analog Vss Error signal output after selection, analog input Error signal output after selection, analog input Servo analog-to-digital converter analog Vss Servo analog-to-digital converter analog VDD (3.3V) TE signal for DVD-RAM ADIP detector signal input Analog-to-digital converter reference voltage for ADIP Analog-to-digital converter reference voltage for DRC (TOP) Analog-to-digital converter reference voltage for DRC(BOTTOM) DRC analog-to-digital converter analog Vdd (12V) Internal regurator output 31 32 33 34 35 EQOUTB EQOUTA I I FEP FEP Power supply Cap. GND RF differential signal (NEG) RF differential signal (POS) DRC analog-to-digital converter analog VDD (3.3V) Smothing capacitance for DRC-VCC DRC analog Vss

AVDD33DRC Power supply CDA1 AVSSDRC O GND

62

Pin Number 36 37 38

Pin Name WBL CLUMPGT TGCHG P05

I/O I O I/O

Connection Target FEP FEP OEIC

Description Wobble binary signal RF AGC blas circuit clamp signal Write power switch signal General-purpose I/O. TxD, PWM

39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54

LSEN LSCK LSDAT LDDENA FEPIDGT SH6 SH1 SH2 SH3 WIDGT WTGT BDO OFTR TC PO2 FMSW

O O I/O O O O O O O O O I I I I/O I/O

PU PU PU PU FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP FEP PU

LDD serial interface enable LDD serial interface clock LDD serial interface data LDD enable signal CAPA punch out signal, main beam sampling signal Write WOBBLE sample and hold dampling signal Sample timing signal for ROPC space detection, APC space detection, and read power detection Sample timing signal for PCA peak, bottom detection, APC peak detection, and mean value detection. Sample timing signal for PCA mean value detection. APC space detection, read power detection, and erase detection. VFO punch out signal, ROPC mark detection sampling signal Write gate Dropout signal input Off track signal input Track crossing signal input CPU external interrupt. RxD, PWM, general-purpose I/O, laser fault detect signal. Power monitor detector multiplier conversion signal General-purpose I/O

55

PO4 GENE0 TRCDATA3 EXTRIG2 I/O -

CPU external interrupt, TxD, PWM general-purpose I/O. Inner limit switch input Trace data 3 Trigger 2 I/O CPU external interrupt (5V input,), RxD, PWM, general-purpose I/O External high frequncy module (HFM) ON/OFF GND Power supply I/O GND Power supply FEP I/O O I/O DRIVER DRIVER I/O O DRIVER Digital Vss I/O pad Vdd (3.3V) Drive pin central reference voltage input General-purpose I/O, CPU external interrupt. Focus drive differential PWM+ output, focus drive BSDA output Focus drive differential PWM- output General-purpose I/O, TxD, Serial CLK, PWM Focus 2 (tilt) drive differential PWM+ output, focus 2 drive BSDA output

56

PO6 HFON

57 58 59

VSS VDD3 VHALF PO7

60 61

PWM0A PWMOB P10

62

PWM1A

63

Pin Number 62 63

Pin Name PWM1A PWM1B P11

I/O O I/O

Connection Target DRIVER DRIVER

Description Focus 2(tilt) drive differential PWM+ output, focus 2 drive BSDA output. Focus 2(tilt) drive differential PWM-output General-purpose I/O, RxD, PWM

64

PWM2A P27

I/O

DRIVER

Tracking drive differential PWM+ output, tracking drive BSDA output General-purpose I/O, PWM Tracking drive differential PWM-output

65

PWM2B P12 TX I/O DRIVER

General-purpose I/O, TxD ICE60958-compliant digital output

66 67

PWM3A PWM3B P13

O I/O

DRIVER DRIVER

Traverse drive differential PWM+ output, stepper 1 drive output Traverse drive differential PWM- output, stepper 2 drive output General-purpose I/O, RxD

68 69 70

PWM4 FG MASTER P23

O I I/O

DRIVER DRIVER HOST

Spindle drive output Spindle FG input(5V input) ATAPI master/slave signal General-purpose I/O

71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93

NRESET HDD7 HDD8 HDD6 VSS VDD12 VDD3 HDD9 HDD5 HDD10 HDD4 HDD11 HDD3 HDD12 HDD2 HDD13 VSS VDD3 HDD1 HDD14 HDD0 HDD15 DMARQ

I I/O I/O I/O GND Power supply Power supply I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O GND Power supply I/O I/O I/O I/O O

HOST HOST HOST HOST GND Power supply Power supply HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST GND Power supply HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST

ATAPI reset signal ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O Digital Vss Internal logic Vpp(1.2V) I/O pad VDD(3.3V) ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O Digital Vss I/O pad VDD(3.3) ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O ATAPI data I/O DMA request to ATAPI host

64

Pin Number 94 95 96 97 98 99

Pin Name NIOWR NIORD IORDY NDMACK INTRQ NIOCS16 P22

I/O I/O I/O O I O I/O

Connection Target HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST

Description ATAPI host write signal ATAPI host read signal Ready signal to ATAPI host ATAPI host DMA acknowledge signal Interrupt request to ATAPI host ATAPI data bus width select signal General-purpose I/O

100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130

DA1 NPDIAG DA0 DA2 NCS1FX NCS3FX VSS VDD5 VDD3 NDASP MDQ0 MDQ15 MDQ1 MDQ14 MDQ2 MDQ13 MDQ3 MDQ12 MDQ4 MDQ11 MDQ5 MDQ10 MDQ6 MDQ9 MDQ7 MDQ8 VSS VDD3 MDQML MNWE MDQMU

I/O I/O I/O I/O I I GND Power supply Power supply I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O GND Power supply O O O

HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST HOST GND Power supply Power supply HOST SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM GND Power supply SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM

ATAPI host address signal input Diagnostic signal from ATAPI slave to master ATAPI host address signal ATAPI host address signal ATAPI host chip select signal ATAPI host chip select signal Digital Vss 5V reference power supply I/O pad VDD(3.3V) ATAPI drive active slave signal SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data SDRAM data Digital Vss I/O pad VDD(3.3V) SDRAM DQML signal SDRAM write enable signal SDRAM DQMU signal

65

Pin Number 131 132 133 134 135

Pin Name MNCAS MCLK MNRAS MCKE MBA0 P14

I/O O I/O O O O

Connection Target SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM

Description SDRAM CAS signal SDRAM clock SDRAM RAS signal SDRAM clock enable signal SDRAM bank switch 0 General-purpose I/O, Serial CLK, PWM

136

TRCDATA2 EXTRIG1 MA11

I/O

SDRAM

Debugging trace data Trigger SDRAM address

137

VDD12 P15

Power supply

Power supply

Internal logic Vpp (1.2V) General-purpose I/O, PWM

138

TRCDATA3 EXTRIG2 MBA1

I/O

SDRAM

Debugging trace data Trigger SDRAM bank switch 1

139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162

MA9 MA10 MA8 VSS VDD3 MA0 MA7 MA1 MA6 MA2 MA5 MA3 MA4 NCE NOE FDT0 FDT8 FDT1 FDT9 FDT2 FDT10 FDT3 FDT11 FDT4

O O O GND Power supply O O O O O O O O O O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O

SDRAM SDRAM SDRAm GND Power supply SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM SDRAM FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH

SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address Digital Vss I/O pad VDD(3.3V) SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address SDRAM address Flash ROM chip enable signal Flash ROM output enable signal Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data

66

Pin Number 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183

Pin Name FDT12 FDT5 FDT13 FDT6 FDT14 FDT7 FDT15 VDD3 OSCO OSCI VSS FADR16 FADR15 FADR14 FADR13 FADR12 FADR11 FADR10 FADR9 NWE FADR20 P25

I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O Power supply O I GND I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O O I/O

Connection Target FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH Power supply Xtal Xtal GND FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH

Description Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data Flash ROM data I/O pad VDD(3.3V) Oscilator output Oscilator input (16.9344MHz) Digital Vss Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM write enable signal Flash ROM address General-purpose I/O

184

FADR19 P24

I/O

FLASH

Flash ROM address General-purpose I/O

185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198

FADR18 FADR17 FADR8 FADR7 FADR6 FADR5 FADR4 FADR3 FADR2 FADR1 VDD12 BSMD MBSMD PKMD

I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O I/O Power supply O O O

FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH FLASH Power supply PU PU PU

Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Flash ROM address Internal logic VDD(1.2V) BIAS modulation singl differential current output MBIAS modulation signal differential current output PEAK1 modulation signal differential current ouput

67

Pin Number 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207

Pin Name NPKMD PK2MD NPK2MD PK3MD NPK3MD VSS VDD3 NEJECT TRYLOAD P26

I/O O O O O O GND Power supply I/O I/O

Connection Target PU PU PU PU PU GND Power supply Mecha Mecha

Description NPEAK1 modulation signal differential current output PEAKk2 modulation signal differential current output NPEAK2 modulation signal differential current output PEAK3 modulation signal differential current output NPEAK3 modulation signal differential current output Digital Vpp I/O pad VDD(3.3V) Tray eject signal (SODC external interrupt) Tray eject signal (SODC external interrupt) General-purpose I/O

208

NRST P17

Reset IC

Reset input (power on reset) General-purpose I/O

209

TRCDATA2 EXTRIG1

I/O

Trace data 2 External interrupt

210

MSTPOL TRCDATA1

I/O

MASTER pin polarity switch Trace data 1

211

DASPST TRCDATA0

I/O

DASP setting Trace data 0

212

TRCCLK P20

I/O

Trace clock General-purpose I/O

213

TRCST P21

I/O

Trace status General-purpose I/O

214 215 216

SCLOCK SDATA TX P16

I/O I/O I/O

Debugger clock, DRC monitor 1 Debugger data, DRC monitor 0 IEC958-compliant digital output, debugging serial TX General-purpose I/O

68

IC301 (BD7956FS) : CD-ROM/DVD-ROM 7CH POWER DRIVER


Block Diagram

LDOLDO+ Vcc ACTIN1 ACTIN2 TJMON BTHC SPVM_S PGND1 PGND2 U SPV M 1 V fin PGND3 W SPV M 2 SPRNF HB HU+ HUHV+ HVHW+ HWSPIN DGND

1 2 3

54 53 52 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36
fin FG

ACO1+ ACO1ACO2+ ACO2ACO3+ ACO3AVM ACTIN3 LDIN AGND SPCNF FG VC fin SLO1+ SLO1SLO2+ SLO2SLGND CTL2 CTL1 SLRNF2 SLRNF1 SLV DD SLIN2 SLIN1 DVcc

LEVEL SHIFT

LEVEL SHIFT

50k

100k

LEVEL SHIFT

50k

4
100k

5
50k

LEVEL SHIFT

Tjmonitor

6 7 8 9 10 11 12

100k 50k

100k

TSD

13 14 15 16 17 18
HB fin BOTTOM HOLD

PWM

OSC FF FF

PRE LOGIC PRE LOGIC

19 20 21

STBY/ BRAKE CONTROL

35 34 33 32

FG LIMIT LIMIT

Hall matrix

22 23 24 25 26 27

33.6k

31 30 29

Current Limit

33.6k

47k

28

69

Pin Function
No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Symbol LDOLDO+ Vcc ACTIN1 ACTIN2 TJMON BTHC SPVM-S PGND1 PGND2 U SPVM1 V fin PGND3 W SPVM2 SPRNF HB HU+ HUHV+ HVHW+ HWSPIN DGND Description Loading driver negative output Loading driver positive output BTL pre and Loading power supply Actuator driver 1 input Actuator driver 2 input monitor of chip temperature Capacitor connection terminal for spindle current bottom holding Spindle driver sense power supply Spindle driver power ground 1 Spindle driver power ground 2 Spindle driver output U Spindle driver power supply 1 Spindle driver output V fin Spindle driver power ground 3 Spindle driver output W Spindle driver power supply 2 Spindle driver current sense Hall bias Hall amp.U positive input Hall amp.U negative input Hall amp.V positive input Hall amp.V negative input Hall amp.W positive input Hall amp.W negative input Spindle driver input PWM block pre-ground 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 40 39 38 37 36 35 34 33 32 31 30 29 28 ACTIN3 LDIN AGND SPCNF FG Vc fin SLO1+ SLO1SLO2+ SLO2SLGND CTL2 CTL1 SLRNF2 SLRNF1 SLVDD SLIN2 SLIN1 DVcc Actuator driver input 3 Loading driver input BTL driver block power ground Spindle driver feedback filter Frequency generator output Reference voltage input fin Sled driver 1 positive output Sled driver 1 negative output Sled driver 2 positive output Sled driver 2 negative output Sled driver power ground Driver logic control 2 input Driver logic control 1 input Sled driver 2 current sense Sled driver 1 current sense Sled driver PowerMOS pre-supply Sled driver 2 input Sled driver 1 input PWM block control power supply No 54 53 52 51 50 49 48 Symbol ACO1+ ACO1ACO2+ ACO2ACO3+ ACO3AVM Description Actuator driver 1 positive output Actuator driver 1 negative output Actuator driver 2 positive output Actuator driver 2 negative output Actuator driver 3 positive output Actuator driver 3 negative output Actuator driver block power supply

70

Input/Output circuit diagram


Three-phase motor driver output
17 12

Spindle driver current detection input


8

Hall bias
28

2k
8

7pF
16 13 11 18

19

12.5k

9 10 15

Hall signal input


28 28 28 3

Splindle driver feedback filter pin

FG signal output
28

20 22 24

28

28

50k

2.5k 5pF

50k

21 23 25

5k

100

113
43

18k

40k

PWM driver output SLED1, 2


32 33

BTL driver output FO, TK


48 48

BTL driver output LD


3 3 3

48

37 39

38 40

49 51 53

50 52 54

45 27 36

45

BTL driver input ACT1,2,3,LD


3 3

PWM driver input SLED1, 2


28 28

PWM driver input Spindle


28

28

4 5 46 47 29

50k

10pP 5pF

5k

30

47k

26

3pF

47k

5k 5pF

Reference voltage input


3

Control signal input


28 28

1k

50k 50k

50k 50k

42

50k

10k

47k

50k

34 35

50k

4ch

2ch

BTHC terminal
1 1

TJ output
6

200k 200
1 20

100

71

TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDE
Reset or Power Check.

Check it after connecting the power cable only on interface cable for NO Reset or Power ON.

Are the pin 44 of CN271+5V, pin41 of CN271+12V respectively after the power cable connecting? YES Does the pin #1 (Reset) of IC271 change 0V to 3.3V at the power supply initial input mode? YES

NO

Check the power(5V/12V) short. Check the PC power cable. Repair the PC power supply.

NO

Check the IC503(3.3V regulator IC). Check the IC201, IC121.

NO Are the X201 oscillating?

Check the X201(16.9MHz). Check the IC201.

YES
<Power> Is the pin 2 of IC503 3.3V?

NO
Check the IC503.

YES
<Reference> 1.65V(VREF) : Check pin116 of IC121? 2.2V(HDVREF): Check pin80 of IC121

NO
Check the IC121.

YES

OK

72

System Check.

Load tray without inserting disc. YES Does Tray operate normally? YES Does Pick-up move to inside? YES Does Pickup lens move up/down? YES Does Laser turn on? YES After eject tray, Insert CD-ROM Disc and check rotation. YES Does Disc rotate continuously and the drive recognize the disc? YES After eject tray, Insert Blank CD-R or RW Disc and check rotation. YES Does Disc rotate continuously and the drive recognize the disc? YES After eject the tray, Insert DVD Disc and check rotation. YES Does Disc rotate continuously and the drive recognize the disc? YES After eject the tray, Insert DVD+R/RW Disc and check rotation. YES Does Disc rotate continuously and the drive recognize the disc? NO Go to :Recognition fail Case4 (Blank DVD+R/RW) NO Go to :Recognition fail Case3 (DVD Disc) NO Go to Recognition fail Case2 (Blank CD-R/RW) NO Go to Recognition fail Case1 (CD-ROM Disc) NO Go to Laser operating is abnormal NO Go to Focus Actuator operating is abnormal NO Go to Sled operating is abnormal NO Go to Tray operating is abnormal

OK

73

Tray operating is abnormal.

Tray open doesnt work.

Is the input voltage 0V at IC201 pin206 when push the EJECT SW? YES

NO

Check the connction of IC201 pin 206. Replace the EJECT SW.

Is there Tray control signal input? (IC301 pin 46) YES Is there Tray drive voltage output? (IC301 pin 1,2) YES

NO

Check the connction of IC201 pin 64. Replace theIC201. Check the communication line

between IC201.

NO

When CN303 is open, Is there Tray drive signal output?

Replace the IC301.

YES
Check the connctor (CN303).

Drive doesnt work after tray close

YES Is the input voltage 0V at IC201 pin206(NEJECT) when push the SW1? YES NO
Check the pull-up line(3.2V). Replace SW1.

Is the input voltage 0V at IC201 pin207(/LOADSW) when push the SW1?

NO
Check the pull-up line(3.3V). Replace SW1.

74

Sled operating is abnormal.

Is there Sled control signal output? (IC201 pin 66,67) YES

NO Replace the IC201.

Is there Sled drive voltage input? (IC301 pin 29,30) YES

NO
Check the R316, R317.

Is there Sled drive voltage output? (IC301 pin37,38,39,40) YES

NO

NO Is DRVMUTE2 signal H? (IC301 pin 35) YES

Check the connection of IC121 pin 127.

Replace the IC301.

Replace the IC121.

Is there Sled drive voltage output ? (CN302 pin 1,2,3,4) NO

YES Replace the Sled Motor.

Check the Connection CN302.

75

Spindle operating is abnormal

Is there Spindle control DSP output? (IC201 pin68) YES

NO
Replace the IC201.

Is there Spindle drive voltage output? (IC301 pin 11, 13, 16) YES

NO

Is there FG signal input? (IC201 pin 69)

NO

Check the output of IC301 pin 43. Check the connector CN301. Replace the IC301.

YES OK

Is there spindle Motor input voltage? (CN301, 11,12,13)

YES
Replace the Spindle Motor.

NO

Check the Connection CN301.

76

Focus Servo is unstable

Is FE signal output normal in Focusing Up/Down? (IC121 pin22*) YES

NO Check Pickup Read Power is 1.3~1.7mW? YES Replace the IC121.

NO Replace the Pick up.

Is FDRV signal output normal in Focusing Up/Down? (IC201 pin 60) YES Go to Focus Actuator operating is abnormal

NO
Replace the IC201.

* IC121 pin22 is MOUT2(FEP Monitor2). After disc recognition action, Monitor port is off. So, please check FE signal during disc recognition.

Focus Actuator operating is abnormal

Is there Focus Search control signal input? (IC301 pin5) YES

NO

Check the connection of IC201 pin 50. Check the communication line between

IC121 and IC201.


Replace the IC201.

Is there Focus Search drive voltage output? (IC301 pin 51,52) YES

NO

Is DRVMUTE2 signal H? (IC301 pin 35) YES

NO

Check the connection of IC121 pin 127. Replace the IC121.

Check the connection CN101 pin40,41.

Replace the IC301.

Replace the Pick-Up.

77

Track Servo is unstable

Is TE signal output normal in Focusing ON and Tracking OFF? (IC121 pin 21*)

NO

Is PICK UP (E, F, G, H) output normal? (CN101 pin 8, 5, 9, 4)

NO

Check the PICK UP FFC. Replace the PICK UP.

YES YES Replace the IC121.

Is there TDRV signal output in Tracking ON? (IC201 pin64)

NO Replace the IC201.

YES Check the Drive IC(IC301) and P/U referring to Focus Actuator operating is abnormal. * IC121 pin21 is MOUT1(FEP Monitor1). After disc recognition action, Monitor port is off. So, please check TE signal during disc recognition.

78

Recognition Fail Case 1: CD-ROM Fail

Check Pickup Read Power was 1.3 ~1.7mW? YES

NO Go to LD CHECK.

Does Focus Servo operate normally? YES

NO Go to Focus Servo is unstable.

Check Pickup RF signal IC121(Pin83) RFOUT was about 400mV?

NO

Check the Pick-up FFC and CN101. Replace the Pick-up.

YES

Check EQOUTP waveform (IC121 Pin 65) was about 400mV? YES

NO

Replace IC121.

NO Check after replacing IC201. It is OK? YES

Go to Tracking Servo is unstable.

OK

Recognition Fail Case2 : Blank CD-R/RW

YES Is there WBL (IC121 pin63) signal? NO Is there WBL (IC201 pin36) signal? NO Check the connection between IC201 and IC121.

YES Replace the IC201.

Replace IC121.

79

Recognition Fail Case 3 : DVD Disc

NO Check Pick-up Read Power was 1.1~1.3mW. YES Go to LD CHECK.

NO Is there RF signal at IC121 Pin79? YES Is there RF signal at IC121 Pin88(RFP) and Pin87 (RFN)? YES NO Check again after the replace IC121 It is OK? YES OK Replace the IC201. NO Replace the IC121. Replace the Pickup.

Recognition Fail Case 4 : Blank DVD+R/RW

Is there WBL (IC121 pin63) Signal?

YES

Is there WBL (IC201 pin36) Signal? NO

YES Replace IC201.

NO Replace IC121.

Check the connection between IC121 and IC201.

80

In case of writing fail.

Normal Case

Check the Media CD-R or CD-RW or DVD+R or DVD+RW? YES

NO Check disc Label.

Does the disc have any Dust, Scratch, Fingerprint...?

NO

Remove the Dust, Fingerprint and if the disc has long width Scratch, change it.

YES Is the write Tool(version) supported by LG Super-Multi Drive? NO

Use LG bundle Software (Write Tool & Version)

YES Check disc information on Writng Tool. [If you get some data information with Non Recordable Disc Message, the disc is finalized -Finalized Disc : unrecordable Disc any more]

NO Finalized Disc? YES If CD-R disc, use new CD-R disc. If CD-RW disc, erase the disc. If DVD+R disc, use new DVD+R disc. If DVD+RW disc, erase the disc. Go to Writing Part Check Eject Disc.

81

No audio output

Insert the audio Disc.

AUDMUTE : H? (IC121 Pin 126) YES

NO

Check and replace the IC121.

Audio Play : AUDMUTE H.

DSP ROUT,LOUT signals output? (IC201 Pin 10, 11)

NO

Check and replace the IC201.

YES Do audio Line signals output? (CN271 pin 51, 54) NO

Check the connection of L/R OUT.

Normal

82

LS Media Recognition Fail: LS CD, DVD

NO Check the Cleanness of Media. Change the Media.

YES NO Check Encoder IC Power.

Check 3 pin In CN501 and Q302.

YES NO Check the OFG Signal. Check Enc Assys Alignment and Grease on it.

YES Check P/U Read Power 4.5~5.5mW. NO Go to LD CHECK.

YES

Check the RXD/RFS_INT Signal On Recognizing LS Media..

NO Replace IC501, 502.

OK

83

How to use Test Tool 1. Dragon


A. Start
1. Install GSA-H20L > PC Power ON > Execute Windows. 2. Execute Dragon_JW5.exe on Windows (Dragon_JW5.exe & Dragon.cfg should be on same Directory). 3. If you use GSA-H20L, Dragon(2005/04/08, 14:00) will be displayed on the window Frame. 4. Select I/F Setup on the menu bar. 5. Select ATAPI I/F and then Click OK. 6. Select Target Device on the menu bar. 7. Select DVDRRW GSA-H20L on Target Device, and then Click OK.

[Target Device window]

[I/F Setup Menu]

84

B. Check ALPC Parameters


1. Select About on the menu bar. 2. Click Addition Func. on About window -> New frame will be displayed. 3. Click ALPC Para tab and verify the specification. [ALPC Parameters] 1) CD VRDC 2) CD VWDC_NMP 3) CD VWDC_MP 4) CD VWDC_ERASE 5) DVD VRDC 6) DVD VWDC_NMP 7) DVD VWDC_MP 8) DVD VWDC_ERASE 9) H.C. VWDC 10) Default ALPC Para. used 4. Close window.

: 117~153 : 100~135 : 100~137 : 105~135 : 115~157 : 100~135 : 100~135 : 105~140 : 100~150 : 0xFF

[Additional Function Menu]

[ALPC Parameters Menu]


85

C. Laser Power Setup


1. Remove disc on the tray. 2. Select ALPC/OPC on the menu bar, and then select Setup Laser Power(Manual) menu. 3. First, select CD and setup wave length of LD Power meter (780nm) (Wave Length : CD(780nm), DVD(660nm), Measure Range : 0.01mW unit). 4. Click VRDC button on the Laser Power Setup window. Laser beam will be emitted from LD. 5. Measure LD Power with LD Power meter. Type the result in the blank(Read Power box). ex) 1.44mW -> 144, 0.99mW -> 99) 6. Click NMP button and measure LD Power with Power meter. Type the result in the blank(R NMP Power box). ex) 16.45mW -> 1645, 12.08mW -> 1208 7. Click MP button and measure LD Power with Power meter. Type the result in the blank(RW Erase Power box). 8. Click ERASE button and measure LD Power with Power meter. Type the result in the blank(RW Erase Power box). 9. Click LD Off button and then click Setup button, and result witll be displayed with OK or NG. 10. Select HC_CD and then click HC button. 11. Measure LD Power with Power meter. Type the result in the blank (HC Power). 12. Click LD Off button and then click Setup button, and result will be displayed with OK or NG. 13. Select DVD and change wave length of LD Power meter (660nm). 14. Follow above step 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. 15. Close Laser Power Setup window.

[Laser Power Setup window]

[Laser Power Setup Frame]

86

[CD Laser Power Setup Result]

[HC_CD Laser Power Setup Result]

[DVD Laser Power Setup Result]

87

2. Camus
A. Start
1. Install GSA-H20L -> PC Power On -> Execute Window. 2. Execute Camus.exe on Windows. 3. Click 1 and select GSA-H20L.

B. Check ALPC Parameter


1. Check DVD Radio Button and click READ Button. 2. Check CD Radio Button and click READ Button.

C. Laser Power Setup


1. Remove disc on the tray. 2. Check DVD Radio Button and click Setup Button. 3. After the ALPC parameter displayed and click SAVE Button. 4. Check CD Radio Button and click Setup Button. 5. After the ALPC parameter displayed and click SAVE Button. DVD Setup : 2 CD Setup : 6 -> ->
4 4

-> 5 -> 5

Click 1 Click 4 Click 2

Click 6 Click 3

Click 5

88

BLOCK DIAGRAM
SDRAM 16Mb
MPX SLPOS LPF

Flash ROM 16Mb

SPLAOUT

TEC Block

INPUT

Block
SAINL SBINL

COMP. ENC Block

Input select SW

SLP23

VGA VGA

LPF

COMP.
SLP14

PK ENV PK ENV

Spindle motor (LG-inotec)

Optical Pick-up (LPC-812R)

LPOS Block

DRC CIRC

DVD Formatter

SCINL INPUT Buffer S/H AAF SDINL SEINL SFINL SGINL SHINL MPX (SE01) M P X M P X VGA/Bypass & offset DAC VGA/ Bypass MPX Block

SPLBOUT

TECENV

MPX

DVD/CD error correction

ATAPI I/F

WBL/LPP Block
SRFMA VGA SRFMD SRFMB VGA SRFMC S/H SLP14 SLP23 S/H AGC Bypss AGC Bypss BAL BAL VGA WBL Detection LPP Detection

DMA bus

SDPDTEP DPD TE Dtetction SDPDTEN SPLAOUT SPLBOUT DPD Block

MPX (SE01)

SRFMA SRFMB SRFMC SRFMD From LOGIC

ANALOG
COMP.

CD Write

ODC (ECC command)

External DRAM I/F

TCOP TC/TI Dtetction TCON TIOP TION BDO Block PK ENV SBDOAS Level Shift

TCO MPX TIO

OPC & ASENV Block


VGA LPF

MPX

MPX SEL SH1 LPF/ Bypass

GATE

Sled motor (Moatec)

VREF To Each Block VREF Block GATE Block

AAF AAF ATT COMP. AAF

S/H S/H

MPX COMP.

VGA

VGA

PK ENV PK ENV

ATT S/H VGA

SEL

LPF

APC Block

SERVO

Internal data memory

System I/F

Clock Generator

host

JLINE Block
SW ALL Sum To Each Block JLINE ITH 5bit DAC RD-scale 16bit DAC RD 11bit DAC LPF

On-Chip Debugger
Read Buffer

32 bit CPU

Bus control

VGA From LOGIC

RF Gene Block RF Gene Block


From FEP LOGIC To LPC Block BS1 11bit DAC PK1 11bit DAC Write Buffer Write Buffer

Resistor bus

RFEQ Block
OFST HPF EQ AMP CLMP LPC LOGIC

1chip(7ch) Motor drive (rohm)

LPCDAC Block

SRF/P0/PI0 Block

To Each Block To MFX FEP LOGIC IREF

PK2 11bit DAC

Write Buffer

Watchdog Timer

Interrupt ion

Timer

GeneralPurpose Ports

PWM

Serial I/F

Serial

RV8 FEP AN22117A

RV8 SODC MN103SB4G Serial

Regulator 3.3v/1.2V Power block


89 90