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Maurene L.

Custodio

A Variety of Services

Integrated Services Data Network (IDSN) Lines that transmit data at speed up to 128 kbps to millions of people in North America and other regions of the world. Expected to be replaced with the new technology that became available in 1998. Introduced as a pure digital-to-end-user solution. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Expected replacement of ISDN that became available in 1998. Most are Asymmetric DSLs (ADLS) Asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) A type of Digital Subscriber Line technology A data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voice band modem can provide. It does this by utilizing frequencies that are not used by a voice telephone call. A data communications technology that enables faster data transmission over copper telephone lines than a conventional voice band modem can provide. ADSL can generally only be distributed over short distances from the telephone exchange typically less than 4 kilometers, but has been known to exceed 8 kilometers if the originally laid wire gauge allows for further distribution. Cable Modem A device that enables you to hook up your PC to a local cable TV line and receive data at about 1.5 Mbps. This data rate far exceeds that of the prevalent 28.8 and 56 Kbps telephone modems and the up to 128 Kbps of Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) and is about the data rate available to subscribers of Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) telephone service. Can be added to or integrated with a set-top box that provides your TV set with channels for Internet access. In most cases, cable modems are furnished as part of the cable access service and are not purchased directly and installed by the subscriber. Two connections: one to the cable wall outlet and the other to a PC or to a settop box for a TV set. Although a cable modem does modulation between analog and digital signals, it is a much more complex device than a telephone modem. It can be an external device or it can be integrated within a computer or set-top box.

ATM (Asynchronous Transfer Mode) Developed to meet the needs of the Broadband Integrated Services Digital Network, as defined in the late 1980s. An International Telecommunication Union-Telecommunications Standards Section (ITU-T) standard for cell relay wherein information for multiple service types (ie: voice, video, or data), is conveyed in small, fixed-size (53 byte) cells via connection-oriented Virtual Circuits (VCs). Represents a relatively recently developed communications technology designed to overcome the constraints associated with traditional, and for the most part separate, voice and data networks. Provides data link layer services that run over a wide range of OSI physical layer links. Has functional similarity with both circuit switched networking and small packet switched networking. Designed for a network that must handle both traditional high-throughput data traffic (e.g., file transfers), and real-time, low-latency content such as voice and video. Uses a connection-oriented model in which a virtual circuit must be established between two endpoints before the actual data exchange begins. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) The United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies ICTs. It allocates global radio spectrum and satellite orbits, develops the technical standards that ensure networks and technologies seamlessly interconnect, and strives to improve access to ICTs to underserved communities worldwide. Cell Switching Resembles packet switching in that it breaks a data stream into packets that are the placed on lines shared by several streams. Each cell includes a 53-byte long and contains 48 bytes of information and 5 bytes of header.

Packet Data Switching Provide the response of circuit switching and the efficient utilization of message switching by splitting all messages in switching into short packets, which stops long message from congesting links and forces a system of time-division multiplexing onto the network.