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Industrializa,on Homework

! Chapter 19 Scavenger Hunt Chapter 19, Section 1 1. Who made improvements on the
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Chapter 19 Scavenger Hunt
Chapter 19, Section 1
1.
Who made improvements on the steam engine that allowed it to be applied to machinery?
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2.
Precise popula,on
for the 1700s are rare, but some do exist.
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3.
In 1712, the steam engine was invented by
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4.
With the beginning of the Industrial Revolu,on, the
way of life began to disappear.
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5.
How did the seed drill revolu,onize farming?
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6.
Between 1830 and 1855, an American den,st used the first
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7.
What was the most important source of power for the early Industrial Revolu,on?
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8.
One technological improvement at the beginning of the Industrial Revolu,on was the
use of charcoal to
iron.
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9.
Taking over and consolida,ng land formerly shared by peasant farmers is known as
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10.
Greater food produc,on triggered a
explosion.
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Sec$on 1 Short Answer:
How did the enclosure movement affect farmers?
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Chapter 19, Section 2
11. Why was Britain the first na,on to industrialize?
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12. A person who takes on the financial risks of star,ng new businesses is called an
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who takes on the financial risks of star,ng new businesses is called an ! ! jjohnson@jpsonline.org

13.

were built in order to provide faster and cheaper methods of moving goods from place to place.

were private roads built by entrepreneurs who charged travelers a toll. They

! ! 14. Bri,sh merchants developed the in which raw coUon was distributed to peasant
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14. Bri,sh merchants developed the
in which raw coUon was
distributed to peasant families who spun it into thread and then wove the thread into cloth in their own
homes.
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15. Before the steam locomo,ve, what method was used oVen to transport goods efficiently and cheaply?
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16. Money used to invest in new business ventures is called
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17. In the
following the opening of the world's first major rail line, railroad travel became
faster and railroad building boomed.
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18. The inven,on of the steam locomo,ve revolu,onized
growth of railroads?
and made possible the
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19. The flying shuUle, the spinning jenny, and the waterframe were all inven,ons that were used to?
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20. Eli Whitney invented a machine called the
which Southern laborers could clean raw coUon.
that increased the speed with
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Sec$on 2 Short Answer:
Describe 4 factors that helped bring about the industrial revolu,on in England.
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Chapter 19, Section 3
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21.
were illegal at the start of the Industrial Revolu,on, but workers s,ll
tried to ini,ate reforms.
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22.
Workers oVen packed into ,ny
as they struggled to survive in the slums.
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23.
How did the lives of middle class women differ from their wealthy and working class counterparts?
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24.
Families needed the addi,onal income to make ends meet which meant even the
work in the factories.
had to

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25. One problem for the industrial working class poor was

drinking water.

! 26. Which group of people helped channel workers' anger away from revolu,on and toward
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26. Which group of people helped channel workers' anger away from revolu,on and toward social reform?
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27. The
benefited the most from the Industrial Revolu,on?
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28. The Industrial Revolu,on led to rapid
the Ci,es.
as the demand for workers increased in
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29. Factory workers faced a rigid work schedule oVen working 12-
hours a day.
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30. Explosions and flooding in mines, coal dust harming your lungs & working in darkness are all experiences one
might find when working where?
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Sec$on 3 Short Answer:
How did the industrial revolu,on affect popula,on distribu,on and the growth of ci,es?
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Chapter 19, Section 4
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31.
This person concluded that poverty was unavoidable because the popula,on was increasing faster than the
food supply.
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32.
The idea that the goal of society should be "the greatest happiness for the greatest number" of its ci,zens is
held true in what type of economic system?
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33. Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo believed the poor could improve their lives by having fewer
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34. What did supporters of free-enterprise capitalism call their approach to economics? (Hands off )
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35. Who put forth the theory of "scien,fic socialism"?
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36. According to Marx, the "have-nots" in society are the
, or working class.
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37. According to Bri,sh philosopher and economist
, all laws or ac,ons
should be judged by their "u,lity."
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38. Which group would be most likely to encourage poor workers to rebel against factory owners? (Circle one)

Socialist Capitalist U,litarian 
 ! 39. Why? (refer to 38) ! 40. was wrong because
Socialist
Capitalist
U,litarian 

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39. Why? (refer to 38)
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40.
was wrong because in the end, people felt stronger ,es to their countries
than to the interna,onal communist movement. (Na,onalism was on the rise)
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41.
A form of socialism in which an inevitable struggle between social classes would lead to a classless society is
known as
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42.
Name AND describe the early socialist set up a utopian community in New Lanark Scotland?
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Sec$on 4 Short Answer:
Contrast the u,litarian and socialist approaches to solving economic problems.
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