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Kulliyyah / Institute Department / Centre Programme Name of Course / Mode Course Code Name (s) of Academic staff / Instructor(s) Engineering Science in Engineering B. Eng (Biochemical Biotechnology) (Honours ) B. Eng (Manufacturing) (Honours) B. Eng (Materials) (Honours ) Partial Differential Equations /Full time MTH 3311 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Abdumalik Rakhimov

Rationale for the Required course for all Engineering Programmes inclusion of the course / module in the programme Semester and Year Offered Status Level Proposed Start Date Batch of Student to be Affected Independent Learning 62 Face to Face Practical Tutorial Lecture Total Student Learning Time (SLT) Assessments Midterm Final Total Student Learning Time 122 Every Semester Core 3

42 Credit Value / Hours Pre-requisites (if any) Co-requisites (if any) 3/122 MTH 2311 None


Course Objectives

The objectives of this course are to: 1. Introduce students to periodic and non-periodic phenomena through Fourier analysis. 2. Present the power of partial differential equations in modeling the physical systems that occur in engineering applications.

3. Develop a clear understanding of the techniques for deriving and solving partial differential equations. Upon completion of this course, students should be able to: 1. Apply Fourier series, Fourier integrals and Fourier transforms to analyze periodic and non-periodic functions. 2. Apply partial differential equations in modeling physical systems. 3. Solve boundary-value problems (BVPs) for partial differential equations (PDEs). 4. Solve partial differential equations using analytical and numerical methods. Skills and how they are developed and assessed: Skills Development Assessment Technical Lectures Written Assessment Tutorials Lectures, Tutorials and Quizzes Orthogonal functions, Fourier, Fourier-Legendre and FourierBessel series, Laplace and Fourier transforms, underlying theory of partial differential equations, heat, wave and Laplaces equations, orthogonal series expansions, partial differential equations in polar, cylindrical and spherical co-ordinates, numerical methods to solve partial differential equations, applications in modeling engineering problems. Lecture and Tutorial.

Learning Outcomes

Transferable Skills:

Teaching-Learning and assessment strategy

Course Synopsis

Mode of Delivery Assessment Methods and Type/Course Assessment State weightage of each type of assessment.

LO Method % 1-4 Quizzes 15 1-4 Assignments/Mini Project(s) 15 1-3 Mid-term Examination(s) 30 1-4 Final Examination 40 Mapping of course / module to the Programme Learning Outcomes Programme Outcomes Learning Outcome of the course
01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10



1. Apply Fourier series, Fourier integrals and Fourier transforms to analyze periodic and non- periodic functions. 2. Apply partial differential equations in modeling physical systems. 3. Solve boundary-value problems (BVPs) for partial differential equations (PDEs). 4. Solve partial differential equations analytical and numerical methods. using

Content outline of the course / module and the SLT per topic Learning Weeks Topics Task/Reading Hours 1 Review of Ordinary Differential Equations Ordinary differential equations: Integrating factor, Chapter 2,4 3 constant and undetermined coefficients methods. Zill & Cullen Cauchy-Euler, Bessel and Legendres equations. 2-3 Orthogonal Functions and Fourier Series Orthogonal functions. Fourier series: Fourier coefficients, Euler Formula, Fourier series of periodic Chapter 11 functions, half-range expansion, square error, 4.5 Zill & Cullen approximation by trigonometric polynomials. SturmLiouville problem, Fourier-Bessel and Fourier-Legendre series. Fourier series using MATLAB. 5-8 Partial Differential Equations in Rectangular Coordinates Underlying theory of partial differential equation, Partial differential equations solvable as ordinary differential equation, classification and types (elliptic, parabolic, hyperbolic, tricomi and Airy), Dirichlet, Neumann and mixed problems, Solution of linear partial differential equations by separation of variables. One-dimensional Wave Equation: Modeling, solution by separation of variables, solution by Fourier series, general solution, physical interpretation, DAlemberts solution. Chapter 12 8 Two-dimensional Wave Equation: Modeling, solution by Zill & Cullen separation of variables and double Fourier series, generalized Euler formula. One-dimensional Heat Equation: Modeling, solution by separation of variables, solution by Fourier series. Two-dimensional heat equation: Modeling, solution by separation of variables. Laplace equation: Modeling, solution by separation of variables, Dirichlet problem, maximum principle. Solution of non-homogeneous BVP, Solution of BVP by orthogonal series expansion and Fourier series in two variables. 8-9 Partial Differential Equations in other Coordinates Bessel function, Legendre polynomials. Laplace, heat and wave equations and their solutions in polar and Chapter 13 4 spherical co-ordinates. Laplace equation and its solution Zill & Cullen in cylindrical co-ordinates. Applications in potential theory and Engineering problems.



Integral Transforms Methods Review: Operational properties of Laplace transform. Error function, solution of partial differential equations by Laplace transforms. Fourier Integrals: Representation, Dirichlets discontinuity factors, Gibbs phenomenon, Fourier sine 4.5 and cosine integrals. Fourier Transforms: Fourier sine and cosine transforms, sine and cosine transforms of derivatives, convolution, fast Fourier transforms. Solution of BVP by integral transforms. Applications in Engineering problems. Numerical Solutions of Partial Differential Equations Elliptic Equation: Equivalence to Laplace equation, difference equation approach, Gauss-Seidel method and alternating direction implicit method (ADI). Parabolic Equation: Equivalence to heat equation, finite difference, explicit and Crank-Nicolson methods. 4 Hyperbolic Equation: Equivalence to wave equation, finite difference and explicit methods. Neumann and mixed boundary problems, orthogonal collocation, using MATLAB to solve partial differential equations by numerical techniques. Required references supporting the course

Chapter 7 and 14 Zill & Cullen

Chapter 15 Zill & Cullen + Handout

The reference lists shall be presented in accordance with APA bibliographic practices and in alphabetical order.

Zill, D.G. and Cullen, M.R. (2005), Differential Equations With Boundary-Value Problems, Brooks/Cole Thomson Learning, Recommended references supporting the course 1. Zill, D.G. and Cullen, M.R. (2006), Advanced engineering mathematics, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc. 2. Erwin, K. (2005), Advanced Engineering Mathematics, (9th ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 3. Murray, R S. (2006), Advanced Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists (Schaum's Outline), McGraw Hill. 4. Edwards C.H. and Penney, D.E. (2003), Differential Equations and Boundary Value Problems, Prentice Hall.

Programme Learning Outcome (PO): At the end of the programme, Students are able to:

Programme Outcome for KOE, IIUM

MQF Domain


Engineering Knowledge (T) -Apply knowledge of mathematics, sciences, engineering fundamentals and an engineering specialization to the solution of complex engineering problems;



Problem Analysis (T) Identify, formulate, research relevant literature and analyze complex engineering problems, and reaching substantiated conclusions using first principles of mathematics, natural sciences and engineering sciences; Design/Development of Solutions (A) Design solutions, exhibiting innovativeness, for complex engineering problems and design systems, components or processes that meet specified needs with appropriate consideration for public health and safety, cultural, societal, economical, ethical, environmental and sustainability issues. Investigation (D) Conduct investigation into complex problems, displaying creativeness, using research-based knowledge, and research methods including design of experiments, analysis and interpretation of data, and synthesis of information to provide valid conclusions; Modern Tool Usage (A & D) -Create, select and apply appropriate techniques, resources, and modern engineering and IT tools, including prediction and modelling, to complex engineering activities, with an understanding of the limitations; The Engineer and Society (ESSE) -Apply reasoning based on contextual knowledge to assess societal, health, safety, legal, cultural, contemporary issues, and the consequent responsibilities relevant to professional engineering practices. Environment and Sustainability (ESSE) -Understand the impact of professional engineering solutions in societal, global, and environmental contexts and demonstrate knowledge of and need for sustainable development; Ethics (ESSE) Apply professional ethics with Islamic values and commit to responsibilities and norms of professional engineering code of practices. Communication (S) -Communicate effectively on complex engineering activities with the engineering community and with society at large, such as being able to comprehend and write effective reports and design documentation, make effective presentations, and give and receive clear instructions;





Practical Skills


Problem Solving and Scientific Skills


Problem Solving and Scientific Skills


Communication, Leadership and Team Skills


Managerial and Entrepreneurial Skills


Information Management and Lifelong Learning Skills

10. Individual and Team Work (S) -Function effectively as an individual,

and as a member or leader in diverse teams and in multi-disciplinary settings. Social skills and Responsibilities

11. Life Long Learning (S) -Recognize the need for, and have the
preparation and ability to engage in independent and life-long learning in the broadest context of technological change.

Value, Attitudes and Professionalism

12. Project Management and Finance (S) -Demonstrate knowledge and

understanding of engineering management and financial principles and apply these to ones own work, as a member and/or leader in a team, to manage projects in multidisciplinary settings, and identify opportunities of entrepreneurship. Information Management and Lifelong Learning Skills

The program learning outcomes (PO) are grouped into 5 general areas to identify the nature of the skills and capability involved. These groups are: 1. Technical (T) essential capabilities related to traditional scientific and engineering knowledge 2. Analysis (A) creatively working with available data and engineering tools and fundamental knowledge to correctly solve basic problem 3. Design (D) being able to perceive the best solution for both small scale and large scale project by involving all required basic problems 4. Ethics, Safety, Society and Environment (ESSE) - giving appropriate consideration to matters pertaining to professionalism and ethics, safety, local and global society and the environment 5. Work skills (S) being and effective communicator and effective member of a team and to appreciate the need to continuously acquired skills and abilities.