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Materials

:
5 packages of yeast 4 cups of Water 1 cup of apple juice 5 tablespoons of Sugar 1 tablespoon of Salt 5 Balloons 5 Bottles

Procedure :
Mix one package of yeast with cold water and 2 tablespoons of sugar in a bottle and place the balloon in the top. Mix one package of yeast with warm water and 2 tablespoons of sugar in a bottle and place the balloon in the top.

Mix one package of yeast with warm water, 1 tablespoon of sugar and 1 tablespoon of salt in a bottle and place the balloon in the top. Mix one package of yeast with warm water and no other ingredients in a bottle and place the balloon in the top. Mix one package of yeast with apple juice and place the balloon in the top.

Hypothesi s
Yeast is a living food that is sleep. It awakes when it is mixed with other foods. I think that when the yeast is mixed with cold water and sugar the balloon will grow faster.

Questions :
What are the best ways for yeast to be fermented? How much gas can yeast produce? Does a variation in water temperatures affect yeast?

Purpose
Which ingredient will make yeast produce more carbon dioxide to inflate the balloon.

Conclusio n:
My hypothesis was wrong. The balloon that rose faster was the one containing warm water and the 2 tablespoons of sugar. This one grew 20 in diameter. It took 20 minutes to start growing.

Then the one that rose was the one that had warm water one tablespoon of sugar and one tablespoon of salt. This grew 15 in diameter. It took 22 minutes to start growing. The one with apple juice rose, it took 43 min to rose and the diameter was 10. The balloon containing cold water and sugar rose 3 hours later and the diameter had 6. The balloon containing warm water only did not rose a bit.

Yeast Yeast is a single celled organism. Yeast is a fungus that exists almost everywhere in nature, including the air. Bakers use yeast to make bread rise. Yeast is used for making beer, wine, and other alcoholic beverages. It consists of masses of microscopic organisms. There are 600 species of yeast, but only a few are used commercially. Yeast grows fast, and it grows best in sugar. Yeast cells reproduce by fission and budding. Bud swelling forms on a yeast cell wall, and then it breaks off to form a new single cell. In the early times yeast was used for bread, beer, wine and other products. In the 1600s Dutch Scientist Anton Van Leeuwenhoek discovered yeast cells. In 1860 French Scientist Louis Pasteur confirmed that live yeast organisms cause fermentation of beer and wine. Sugar Green plants produce sugar, but most table sugar comes from sugar cane or beets. Other sources of sugar are cornstarch, milk, maple syrup and honey. Sugar belongs to the class of foods called carbohydrates. Carbohydrates provide energy for plants and animals. There are two kinds of sugar monosaccharides and disaccharides. Monosaccharides are the simplest carbohydrates, include glucose and fructose. Glucose is the most important carbohydrate in the blood. Fructose is found in fruits and vegetables. Common disaccharides include lactose and maltose. Lactose is found in milk and is used in the production of some medications. Maltose is formed from starch and it is used in the production of bread and baby food.