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Gases - Densities
Densities and molecular weights of some common gases - acetylene, air, methane, nitrogen, oxygen and many others ..
Densities, molecular weight and chemical formulas of some common gases can be found in the table below: Density - (kg/m3) 1.092 1) 1.170 2) 1.205 1) 1.293 2) 0.717 1) 0.769 2) 1.661 1) 1.7837 2) 3.486 1.250 2) C4H10 C4H8 CO2 58.1 56.11 44.01 76.13 CO 28.01 1.165 1) 1.250 2) 2.994 1) 0.58 2) 0.034 2) 1.11 2) 84.16 0.062 C2H6 30.07 46.07 64.52 C2H4 He 28.03 4.02 100.20 86.17 H2 2.016 36.47 HCl 36.5 0.0899 2) 1.63 2) 1.528 1) 1.434 1) 0.0954 1) 0.0056 2) 1.260 2) 0.1664 1) 0.1785 2) 0.0786 2) 0.01039 1) 0.011143 2) 1.264 1) 0.0789 1) 0.069 2) 0.0727 1) 0.0780 2) 0.048 Cl 2 70.906 0.1869 1) 2.489 1) 2.5 2) 2.504 1.842 1) 1.977 2) (lb m/ft3) 0.0682 1) 0.0729 2) 0.0752 1) 0.0806 2) 0.0448 1) 0.0480 2) 0.1037 1) 0.111353 2) 0.20643 0.0780 2) 0.1554 1) 0.156 2) 0.148 2) 0.1150 1) 0.1234 2)

Gas

Formula C2H2

Molecular w eight 26 29

Acetylene (ethyne) Air Ammonia Argon Benzene Blast furnace gas Butane Butylene (Butene) Carbon dioxide Carbon disulphide Carbon monoxide Carbureted Water Gas Chlorine Coal gas Coke Oven Gas Combustion products Cyclohexane Digester Gas (Sewage or Biogas) Ethane Ethyl Alcohol Ethyl Chloride Ethylene Helium N-Heptane Hexane Hydrogen Hydrochloric Acid Hydrogen Chloride

NH3 Ar C6H6

17.031 39.948 78.11

Hydrogen Sulfide Krypton Methane Methyl Alcohol Methyl Butane Methyl Chloride Natural gas Neon Nitric oxide Nitrogen Nitrogen Dioxide N-Octane Nitrous Oxide Nitrous Trioxide Oxygen Ozone N-Pentane Iso-Pentane Propane Propene (propylene) R-11 R-12 R-22 R-114 R-123 R-134a Sasol Sulfur Sulfur Dioxide Sulfur Trioxide Sulfuric Oxide Toluene Water Vapor, steam Water gas (bituminous) Xenon
1)

H2S

34.076 3.74 2)

0.0895 1)

CH4

16.043 32.04 72.15 50.49 19.5

0.668 1) 0.717
2)

0.0417 1) 0.0447 2)

0.7 - 0.9 2) 0.8999 2) 1.249 1) 1.165 1) 1.2506 2)

0.044 - 0.056 2) 0.056179 2) 0.0780 1) 0.0727 1) 0.078072 2)

Ne NO N2 NO2

20.179 30.0 28.02 46.006 114.22

N2O NO3 O2 O3

44.013 62.005 32 48.0 72.15 72.15 1.331 1) 1.4290


2)

0.114

0.0831 1) 0.089210 2) 0.125

2.14 2)

C3H8 C3H6

44.09 42.1 137.37 120.92 86.48 170.93 152.93 102.03

1.882 1) 1.748 1)

0.1175 1) 0.1091 1)

0.032 S SO2 SO3 SO C7H8 H2O 32.06 64.06 80.062 48.063 92.141 18.016 4.111 0.804 0.2435 0.048 0.054 5.86 2) 2.279 1) 2.926
2)

0.135 0.1703 1) 0.1828 2)

NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure - is defined as air at 20 oC (293.15 K, 68 oF) and 1 atm ( 101.325 kN/m2, 101.325 kPa, 14.7 psia, 0 psig, 30 in Hg, 760 torr)
2)

STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure - is defined as air at 0 oC (273.15 K, 32 oF) and 1 atm (101.325 kN/m2, 101.325 kPa, 14.7 psia, 0 psig, 30 in Hg, 760 torr) 1 lb m/ft3 = 16.018 kg/m3 1 kg/m3 = 0.0624 lb m/ft3 Note that even if pounds per cubic foot (lb/ft3) is often used as a measure of density in the U.S., pounds are really a measure of force, not mass. Slugs per cubic foot ((slugs/ft3)) are the correct measure of mass. You can divide pounds per cubic foot by 32.2 for a rough value in slugs.

Related Topics
Gas and Compressed Air - Gas properties, capacities of pipelines, sizing of relief valves - air, LNG, LPG and more Material Properties - Material properties - density, heat capacity, viscosity and more - for gases, fluids and solids

Related Documents
Biogas - Carbon Nitrogen Ratios for v arious Materials - Carbon - Nitrogen ratios for materials actual for biogas production STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure & NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure - The definition of STP - Standard Temperature and Pressure and NTP - Normal Temperature and Pressure Biogas - Potential Production from Animals - Potential biogas production from animals Classification of Gases - Oxidizers, Inert and Flammable gases Gases - Specific Grav ities - Specific gravity of air, ammonia, butadiene, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide and some other common gases Densities of some Common Materials - Density in Imperial and SI-units Molecular Weight - Gases and Vapors - Molecular mass of common gases and vapors Gases - Explosiv e and Flammability Concentration Limits - Flame and explosion limits for gases - propane, methane, butane, acetylene and more Density Conv erter - Online density converter with the most common units Biogas - Typical Composition - Typical composition of biogas produced from household waste Nitrogen - Specific Heat - Specific heat of Nitrogen Gas - N2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K Natural Gas Consumption - Natural gas consumption in common equipment - boiling pans, ovens, cookers, kettles and more Orifices - Capacities Natural Gas - Natural gas capacities of orifices Boiling Points of some common Fluids and Gases - The boiling points of some common liquids and gases as acetone, butane, propane, and more Hydrogen - Specific Heat - Specific heat capacity of Hydrogen Gas - H2 - at temperatures ranging 175 - 6000 K

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