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# lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 1

## This print-out should have 27 questions.

Multiple-choice questions may continue on
the next column or page nd all choices
001 10.0 points
A water molecule is a permanent dipole
with a known dipole moment p = qs. There
is a water molecule in the air a very short dis-
tance x from the midpoint of a long glass
rod of length L carrying a uniformly dis-
tributed positive charge Q. The axis of the
dipole is perpendicular to the rod. Note that
s << x << L. You may neglect the small
change in the dipole moment of the water
molecule induced by the rod.
Choose the answer that correctly expresses
the magnitude and direction (along the x-
axis) of the electric force on the water
molecule. Your final result must be ex-
pressed only in terms of k, Q, p, L, s and
x and any constant numerical factors.
1. k
2Qp
Ls
2
2. k
2Qp
xL
2
3. k
2Qp
Ls
2
4. k
2Qp
xL
2
5. k
Qp
Lx
2
6. k
2Qp
Lx
2
correct
7. k
Qp
Lx
2
8. k
2Qp
Lx
2
9. k
Qp
Ls
2
10. k
Qp
Ls
2
Explanation:
Since we are given the condition that x <<
L, we may use the approximate equation for
the E-eld of a long rod
E
1
4
0
2(Q/L)
r
Calculate the force by considering each charge
independently:
F =
1
4
0
2Qq
L
1
x
s
2
+
1
4
0
2Qq
L
1
x +
s
2
F =
1
4
0
2Qq
L
_
_
_
_
1
x +
s
2

1
x
s
2
_
_
_
_
F =
1
4
0
2Qq
L
s
x
2

s
2
4
F
1
4
0
2Qqs
Lx
2
F k
2Qp
Lx
2
where the approximation is justied since
s << x.
002 10.0 points
Consider a thin glass rod of length L lying
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 2
along the x-axis with its left end at origin.
The rod carries a uniformly distributed posi-
tive charge Q.
O
L
+Q
a
What is the electric eld due to the rod at
position a on the x-axis, a > L, as shown in
the gure above?
1. E =
1
4
0
Q
a
_
0
d x
(a x)
2
2. E =
1
4
0
Q
L
_
0
d x
(a x)
2
3. E =
1
4
0
Q
a
_
0
d x
x
2
4. E =
1
4
0
Q
L
a
_
0
d x
x
2
5. E =
1
4
0
Q
L
L
_
0
d x
(a x)
2
correct
6. E =
1
4
0
Q
L
a
_
0
d x
(a x)
2
7. E =
1
4
0
Q
L
_
0
d x
x
2
8. E =
1
4
0
Q
L
L
_
0
d x
x
2
Explanation:
The charges of the rod are distributed be-
tween 0 and L, so the integral limits are 0
to L. The distance between points x and a is
(a-x), so
E =
1
4
0
Q
(a x)
2
=
1
4
0
Q
L
x
(a x)
2
E =
1
4
0
Q
L
L
_
0
d x
(a x)
2
003 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
Consider a uniformly charged non-conducting
semicircular arc with radius r and total nega-
tive charge Q. The charge on a small segment
with angle is labeled q.
x
y

r
x
y
I II
III IV
B
A
O
What is q?
1. q = Q
2. q =
2 Q

3. q =
2 Q

4. None of these
5. q =
Q

correct
6. q = 2 Q
7. q =
Q
2
8. q =
Q

9. q =
Q
2
10. q = Q
Explanation:
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 3
The angle of a semicircle is , so
q

=
Q

.
004 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
What is the magnitude of the x-component of
the electric eld at the center due to q?
1. E
x
=
k [q[ sin
r
2
2. E
x
= k [q[ r
2
3. E
x
= k [q[ (sin) r
4. E
x
=
k [q[ cos
r
2
correct
5. E
x
=
k [q[ cos
r
6. E
x
=
k [q[ sin
r
7. E
x
=
k [q[
r
2
8. E
x
= k [q[ (cos ) r
9. E
x
= k [q[ (cos ) r
2
10. E
x
= k [q[ (sin) r
2
Explanation:
The negative charge attracts a positive test
charge. At O, E points toward q . The
vector E
x
points along the negative x axis,
and its magnitude is
E
x
= E cos =
k [q[
r
2
cos .
005 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
Determine the magnitude of the electric eld
at O. The total charge is 33.6 C, the radius
of the semicircle is 134 cm, and the Coulomb
constant is 8.98755 10
9
N m
2
/C
2
.
5
N/C.
Explanation:
Let : Q = 33.6 C = 3.36 10
5
C,
r = 134 cm = 1.34 m, and
k = 8.98755 10
9
N m
2
/C
2
.
By symmetry of the semicircle, the y-
component of the electric eld at the center is
E
y
= 0 . Combining part 1 and part 2,
E
x
=
k [q[ cos
r
2
=
k [Q[
r
2
cos ,
so the magnitude of the electric eld at the
center is
E = E
x
=
_
/2
/2
k [Q[
r
2
cos d =
2 k [Q[
r
2
=
2
_
8.98755 10
9
N m
2
/C
2
_
(1.34 m)
2
[(3.36 10
5
C)[
= 1.07066 10
5
N/C
with direction along negative x axis.
x
y

r
x
y
I II
III IV
B
A
O
E
006 10.0 points
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 4
Consider a uniformly charged thin rod with
total charge Q and length L. It is aligned
along the y-axis and centered at the origin
(see g 8-3hw). We wish to determine the
eld at P due to the charges on the rod.
Because the rod is centered at the origin,
symmetry tells us the electric eld at P must
point in the r direction. Based on the dier-
ential form
dE
r
= k
(Qdy/L)

2
sin ,
determine the integrated expression for E
r
at
P.
Hint: use the math identity dy/
2
= d/r.
This identity can be derived using the geo-
metric relation tan = r/(y) (1), and the
calculus identity d tan/d = sec
2
= y
2
/
2
(2).
1.
kQ
Lr
(cos
2
cos
1
)
2.
kQ
L
(cos
2
cos
1
)
3.
kQ
L
(cos
1
cos
2
)
4.
kQ
r
(cos
2
cos
1
)
5.
kQ
r
(cos
1
cos
2
)
6.
kQ
Lr
(cos
1
cos
2
) correct
Explanation:
First, let us verify the identity: dy/
2
=
d/r. From (1),
d
d
tan =
d
d
r
y
=
r
y
2
dy
d
.
This together with (2), this leads to
r
y
2
dy
d
=

2
y
2
or
dy

2
=
d
r
.
Therefore,
dE
r
= k
(Q/L)dy

2
sin = k
(Q/L)d
r
sin .
Integrating over from
1
to
2
Ans=3. We leave it to the reader to verify
top of p634.
007 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Consider the eld due to a uniformly
charged disk of radius R and charge Q. Along
the symmetry axis at distance z from the cen-
ter, the eld has been written in following
forms.
E
exact
= E
0
_
1
z

R
2
+ z
2
_
E
1
E
0
_
1
z
R
_
where
E
0
=
Q/A)
2
0
To compare the accuracy of dierent ap-
proximations it is convenient to work with
the normalized difference to be specied
below. The nth order smallness is charac-
terized by
n
and =
z
R
with being the
smallness parameter. In general the nth or-
der term takes the form C
n
, where C is some
nite constant (e.g 0.1 < C < 10).
For the normalized dierence
[E
exact
E
1
[
E
0
,
identify the correct choice among the follow-
ing
1.
2.
3
correct
3.
2
4.
4
Explanation:
By denition we have
[E
exact
E
1
[
E
0
=
_
1
z

R
2
+ z
2
_

_
1
z
R
_
[E
exact
E
1
[
E
0
=
z
R
_
1
1
_
1 + (z/R)
2
_
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 5
[E
exact
E
1
[
E
0

z
R
1
2
_
z
R
_
2
[E
exact
E
1
[
E
0

1
2

3
So, n = 3.
008 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
For the normalized dierence
[E
1
E
0
[
E
0
, iden-
tify the correct choice among the following
1. correct
2.
4
3.
3
4.
2
Explanation:
It can be seen that
[E
1
E
0
[ = E
0
E
0
_
1
z
R
_
= E
0
_
z
R
_
Hence, we obtain
[E
1
E
0
[
E
0
=
z
R
=
So, n = 1. This explains the pattern in the
problem: Diskeld16x005. When is very
small, E
1
is extremely close to E
exact
, since
we now see that the dierence is of the order

3
E
0
. This is to be compared to the dierence
between E
1
and E
0
, where the dierence is
not as small, since it is to the order of E
0
.
009 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A large, thin plastic disk of radius R =
1.6 m carries a uniform charge of Q =
4 10
5
C as shown in the gure above.
A circular piece of aluminium foil is placed at
a distance d = 0.001 m from the disk, parallel
to the disk. The foil has a radius of r = 0.07 m
and a thickness t = 0.005 m.
Which of the following choices is correct
regarding the nature of the electric eld at
location x inside the foil and at its center?
1. T he magnitude of the net electric force
is non-zero and the direction is away from the
foil.
2. The magnitude of the net electric force
is non-zero and the direction is out of the
plane.
3. The magnitude of the net electric force is
zero. correct
4. The magnitude of the net electric force is
non-zero and the direction is into the plane.
5. The magnitude of the net electric force
is non-zero and the direction is towards the
foil.
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 6
Explanation:
The net electric eld inside the foil is zero.
The electric eld due to the disk points to-
wards the right; this is nullied by the electric
eld due to the foil which points towards the
right.
010 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Calculate the magnitude q of the charge on
the left circular face of the foil. Use the
following approximations:
[

E
disk
[
[Q[/R
2
2
0
_
1
d
R
_
[

E
foil
[
[q[/r
2

0
8
C.
Explanation:
The net electric eld is zero. Hence, we
have

E
net
=

E
disk
+

E
foil
[

E
disk
[
[Q[/R
2
2
0
_
1
d
R
_
[

E
foil
[
[q[/r
2

0
[q[/r
2

[Q[/R
2
2
0
_
1
d
R
_
[q[ [Q[
r
2
2R
2
_
1
d
R
_
By plugging in the values we obtain
[q[ (4 10
5
C)
(0.07 m)
2
2(1.6 m)
2
_
1
0.001 m
1.6 m
_
[q[ 3.82573 10
8
C
011 10.0 points
In the gure shown above, a thin plastic
disk of radius 0.6 m is uniformly charged with
Q
disk
= 3 10
7
C and is attached to a thin
glass rod of length 2.4 m that is uniformly
charged with Q
rod
= 5 10
8
C. The center
of the rod and the center of disk are at the
origin. The rod lies along the x axis and the
disk lies in the yz plane. What is the (vector)
electric eld at location 0.02, 0.01, 0m?
Given that the value of
0
=
8.85 10
12
C
2
/N.m
2
.
1. 14900, 22600, 0N/C
2. 14900, 37500, 0N/C
3. 52400, 14900, 0N/C
4. 22600, 37500, 0N/C
5. 22600, 14900, 0N/C
6. 37500, 14900, 0N/C
7. 52400, 37500, 0N/C
8. 37500, 14900, 0N/C
9. 37500, 52400, 0N/C
10. 14900, 37500, 0N/C correct
Explanation:
According to the superposition principle

E
is the vector sum of the electric eld

E
disk
contributed by the disk and the electric eld

E
rod
contributed by the rod.

E =

E
disk
+

E
rod
Because the observation location is close to
the disk (0.02m << 0.6m) and far from the
edge of the disk, we can approximate the eld
contributed by the disk:
[

E
disk
[
Q/A
2
0
[

E
disk
[ =
[ 3 10
7
C[/((0.6 m)
2
)
2(8.85 10
12
C
2
/N.m
2
)
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 7
[

E
disk
[ = 14900 N/C
Because the disk is negatively charged,

E
disk
is along the -x direction, so

E
disk
14900, 0, 0 N/C
Because the observation location is close to
the rod (0.01m << 2.4m) and far from the
ends of the rod, we can approximate the eld
contributed by the rod:
[

E
rod
[
1
4
0
(2Q/L)
r
[

E
rod
[ = (9 10
9
N.m
2
/C
2
)
2(5 10
8
C)/(2.4 m)
0.01 m
[

E
rod
[ = 37500 N/C
Because the rod is positively charged,

E
rod
is
in the +y direction, so

E
rod
0, 37500, 0 N/C
Therefore, the net electric eld is

E =

E
disk
+

E
rod

## E 14900, 37500, 0 N/C

012 10.0 points
A ring of radius 10 cm that lies in the yz plane
carries positive charge of 6 C uniformly dis-
tributed over its length. A particle of mass m
that carries a charge of 6 C executes small
oscillations about the center of the ring on its
axis with an angular frequency of 22 rad/s.
Find the angular frequency of oscillation of
the mass if the radius of the ring is doubled to
20 cm and all other parameters above remain
unchanged.
Hint: it is useful to draw an analogy be-
tween this problem and a mass-spring system.
For the latter, the force on the mass is given by
F = ma = kx and produces 1d simple har-
monic oscillation with an angular frequency
of =
_
k/m. For the near eld behavior of
a charged ring, see g 16.18 in the text book.
Explanation:
Let : R = 10 cm,
R

= 20 cm,
Q = 6 C,
Q
p
= 6 C, and

i
The electric eld along the x axis is
E =
k Qx
_

R
2
+ x
2
_
3
.
If x R, the electric eld can be approxi-
mated as E =
k Qx
R
3
, so the force on the mass
is F =
k QQ
p
x
R
3
. Applying simple harmonic
oscillation, =
_
k QQ
p
mR
3

_
1
R
3
, so

i
=
_
R
3
R
3

=
_
R
R

_
3/2

i
=
_
10 cm
20 cm
_
3/2
013 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
Two rings of radius R = 0.036 m are d =
0.11 m apart and concentric with a common
horizontal x axis (the +x axis is towards the
right). The ring on the left carries a uniformly
distributed charge of +40nC, and the ring
on the right carries a uniformly distributed
charge of 40nC.
The value of k is 9 10
9
Nm
2
/C
2
.
What is the magnitude of the electric eld
due to the right ring at a location midway
between the two rings?
Explanation:
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 8
The electric eld vector is given by
E
x
, E
y
, E
z
. However, the y and z compo-
nents of the vector are zero. The x-component
of the electric eld due to the ring is given by
E
1
=
1
4
0
qx
(R
2
+ x
2
)
3/2
here we note that
x = 0.055 m
R = 0.036 m
q = 4 10
8
C
k =
1
4
0
= 9 10
9
Nm
2
/C
2
E
1
= (9 10
9
Nm
2
/C
2
)
(4 10
8
C)(0.055 m)
((0.036 m)
2
+ (0.055 m)
2
)
3/2
= 69709 N/C
014 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Denote the magnitude of the electric eld at
the middle due to the left ring by E
1
, that due
to the right ring by E
2
. Compare E
1
and E
2
.
Which of the following relations represents
the correct choice?
1. E
1
> E
2
2. E
1
< E
2
3. E
1
= E
2
correct
Explanation:
The electric eld due to the left ring will
be of the same magnitude as that of the right
ring since the parameters are the same. The
radial vector points in the opposite direction
but it is compensated by the charge, which is
of the opposite sign. Its direction will also be
along the same direction. Hence, the answer
is E
1
= E
2
.
015 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
What is the net electric eld at a location
midway between the two rings?
1. E
net
= E
1
+ E
2
correct
2. E
net
= E
1
E
2
3. E
net
= E
1
+ E
2
4. E
net
= E
1
E
2
Explanation:
The net electric eld is the sum of the rst
two electric elds (because both of them point
in the + x direction) and the net eld is given
by E
net
= E
1
+ E
2
.
016 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A uniformly charged conducting plate with
area A has a total charge Q which is positive.
The gure below shows a cross-sectional view
of the plane and the electric eld lines due to
the charge on the plane. The gure is not
drawn to scale.
E E
+Q
P
Find the magnitude of the eld at point P,
which is a distance a from the plate. Assume
that a is very small when compared to the
dimensions of the plate, such that edge eects
can be ignored.
1. |

E
P
| =
Q

0
A
2. |

E
P
| =
0
QA
3. |

E
P
| =
Q
2
0
A
correct
4. |

E
P
| = 4
0
a
2
Q
5. |

E
P
| =
Q
4
0
a
2
6. |

E
P
| =
0
Qa
2
7. |

E
P
| = 4
0
a Q
8. |

E
P
| = 2
0
QA
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 9
9. |

E
P
| =
Q
4
0
a
Explanation:
Basic Concepts Gauss Law, electrostatic
properties of conductors.
Solution: Consider the Gaussian surface
shown in the gure.
E
+Q
E
S
Due to the symmetry of the problem, there
is an electric ux only through the right and
left surfaces and these two are equal. Total
charge density is =
Q
A
; each (large) conduc-
tor surface holds half the total charge, so each
large surface has half the total charge density:

L,R
=
Q
2A
. If the cross section of the surface
is S, then Gauss Law states that

TOTAL
= 2 E S
=
1

0
Q
2A
(2S) , since

TOTAL

_

E d

A, so
E =
Q
2
0
A
.
017 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Two uniformly charged conducting plates are
parallel to each other. They each have area
A. Plate #1 has a positive charge Q while
plate #2 has a charge 3 Q.
+Q
#1
3 Q
#2
P
x
y
Using the superposition principle nd the
magnitude of the electric eld at a point P in
the gap.
1. |

E
P
| =
Q

0
A
2. |

E
P
| = 0
3. |

E
P
| =
Q
2
0
A
4. |

E
P
| =
5 Q

0
A
5. |

E
P
| =
3 Q

0
A
6. |

E
P
| =
Q

0
7. |

E
P
| =
Q
3
0
A
8. |

E
P
| =
3 Q
2
0
A
9. |

E
P
| =
2 Q

0
A
correct
10. |

E
P
| =
4 Q

0
A
Explanation:
According to the result of part 1, the
electric eld generated by plate #1 at P is
E
1
=
Q
2
0
A
directed along the positive x-axis.
The eld generated by plate #2 has a magni-
tude E
2
=
3 Q
2
0
A
and it is directed along the
positive x-axis also, since the charge is nega-
tive. Therefore, the magnitudes add and we
get
E
gap
=
Q
2
0
A
+
3 Q
2
0
A
=
2 Q

0
A
.
018 10.0 points
Two large, thin, charged plastic circular
plates each of radius R are placed a short
distance s apart; s is much smaller than the
dimensions of a plate. The right-hand plate
has a positive charge of +Q evenly distributed
over its inner surface (Q is a positive number).
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 10
The left-hand plate has a negative charge of
2Q evenly distributed over its inner surface.
A very thin plastic spherical shell of radius
r is placed midway between the plates (and
shown in cross section). It has a uniformly
distributed positive charge of +q. You can ig-
nore the contributions to the electric eld due
to the polarization of the thin plastic shell
and the thin plastic plates.
Without the plastic sphere, the electric eld
at A would be
Ia) the same
Ib) smaller
Ic) larger
Rank the electric eld magnitudes at A,B
and C.
IIa) E
A
> E
B
> E
C
IIb) E
C
> E
B
> E
A
IIc) E
B
> E
C
> E
A
1. Ia, IIc correct
2. Ib, IIc
3. Ib, IIa
4. Ic, IIb
5. Ic, IIa
6. Ic, IIc
7. Ia, IIa
8. Ib, IIb
9. Ia, IIb
Explanation:
I. The electric eld due to the spherical
shell of charge is 0 inside the sphere.
II. The electric elds due to the plates are
the same at A, B, and C. The elds at B
and C have an additional contribution due to
the sphere, however, which enhances the eld
strength at those locations compared to A.
Because B is closer to the center of the sphere
than C, the electric eld at B is the greatest.
019 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
Q
Consider a solid conducting sphere of ra-
dius R and total charge Q. Which diagram
describes the E(r) vs r (electric eld vs radial
distance) function for the sphere?
o.
r
R 0

1
r
2
/.
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 11
r
R 0

1
r
2
(.
r
R 0

1
r
2
/.
r
R 0

1
r
2

1
r
T.
r
R 0

1
r
2
1. (
2. o correct
3. /
4. /
5. T
Explanation:
Because the charge distribution is spheri-
cally symmetric, select a spherical Gaussian
surface of radius r and surface area 4 r
2
con-
centric with the sphere. The electric eld due
to the conducting sphere is directed radially
outward by symmetry and is therefore normal
to the surface at every point and

E is parallel
to d

A at each point.
There is no charge within the Gaussian sur-
face, so E = 0 for r < R.
For the region outside the conducting
sphere,

E
=
_

E d

A =
_
E dA = E
_
dA
= E
_
4 r
2
_
=
q
in

0
E =
q
in
4
0
r
2
=
Q
4
0
r
2
for r > R.
o.
r
R 0

1
r
2
E
020 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
Which diagram describes the E(r) vs r
(electric eld vs radial distance) function if
the sphere is instead a uniformly charged,
non-conducting sphere?
1. (
2. T
3. o
4. / correct
Explanation:
Select a spherical Gaussian surface of radius
r and volume V

, where r < R, concentric
with the uniformly charged non-conducting
sphere. The charge q
in
within the Gaussian
surface of the volume V

is less than Q; from
the volume charge density
Q
V
,
q
in
= V

=
_
4
3
r
3
_
.
Applying Gauss law, for r < R,
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 12
_
E dA = E
_
dA = E
_
4 r
2
_
=
q
en

0
E =
q
en
4
0
r
2
=

4
3
r
3
4
0
r
2
=

3
0
r .
=
3 Q
4 R
3
by denition and k =
1
4
0
, so
E =
4
3
k
3 Q
4 R
3
r =
k Q
R
3
r .
In the region outside the uniformly charged
non-conducting sphere, we have the same con-
ditions as for the conducting sphere when ap-
plying Gauss law, so
E =
Q
4
0
r
2
.
/.
r
R 0

1
r
2
E
021 10.0 points
This problem concerns the two cases shown
in the gures above. The top gure shows a
positively charged glass sphere surrounded by
a plastic shell while the bottom gure shows
a positively charged glass sphere surrounded
by a metal shell.
Choose the correct pair of statements.
If the magnitude of the E eld at the points
is designated E
P,p
and E
P,m
for the plastic
and metal cases, respectively, then
Ia. E
P1,p
> E
P1,m
Ib. E
P1,p
< E
P1,m
Ic. E
P1,p
= E
P1,m
and
IIa. E
P2,p
> E
P2,m
IIb. E
P2,p
< E
P2,m
IIc. E
P2,p
= E
P2,m
1. Ia, IIc correct
2. Ic, IIb
3. Ib, IIb
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 13
4. Ic, IIa
5. Ib, IIc
6. Ic, IIc
7. Ia, IIb
8. Ib, IIa
9. Ia, IIa
Explanation:
Ia. When exposed to an external E eld,
the E eld inside of a conductor is zero, but
the E eld inside of an insulator is not.
IIc. Neither shell aects the E eld at
P
2
. For the conductor, the inner and outer
surface charges produce canceling E elds at
P
2
. Likewise, for an insulator the radially
symmetric distribution of dipoles produces a
canceling E eld at P
2
.
022 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points
A uniformly charged, straight lament 7 m in
length has a total positive charge of 10 C. An
uncharged cardboard cylinder 1 cm in length
and 8 cm in radius surrounds the lament
using the lament as its axis of symmetry,
with the lament as the central axis of the
cylinder.
Find the total electric ux through the
cylinder. The permittivity of free space is
8.8542 10
12
C
2
/N m
2
.
2
/C.
Explanation:
Let : L = 7 m,
r = 8 cm = 0.08 m,
= 1 cm = 0.01 m,
Q = 10 C = 1 10
5
C, and

0
= 8.8542 10
12
C
2
/N m
2
.
Calculate the ux through the cylinder us-
ing Gauss law. The ux through a closed
surface is
=
q
enclosed

0
.
Our Gaussian surface will be the cardboard
tube, but we will close o the ends of the cylin-
der for our imaginary surface. Assume that
the lament is long enough (compared to the
cylinder) that eld lines emerge from the l-
ament only radially they do not penetrate
the caps on our Gaussian surface.
The charge which the cylinder encloses is
q = =
Q
L

where Q is the total charge on the lament
and L is the length of the lament, so
=
Q

0
L
=
(1 10
5
C)(0.01 m)
(8.8542 10
12
C
2
/N m
2
)(7 m)
= 1613.44 N m
2
/C .
023 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points
What is the electric eld at the surface of the
cylinder?
5
V/m.
Explanation:
Gausss law can also tell us the eld at the
surface of the cylinder:
=
_

E d

A
where the integral is over the area through
which the eld penetrates. We will assume
that the eld does not change appreciably
over the surface of the cylinder. The integral
then becomes
= E
_
dA = E (2 r )
where r is the radius of the cylinder and is
its length, so
E =

2 r
=
1613.44 N m
2
/C
2 (0.08 m)(0.01 m)
= 3.20984 10
5
V/m .
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 14
024 10.0 points
Consider a long, uniformly charged, cylindri-
cal insulator of radius R with charge density
1.9 C/m
3
.
R
2.2 cm
What is the magnitude of the electric eld
inside the insulator at a distance 2.2 cm < R
from the axis? The permittivity of free space
is 8.8542 10
12
C
2
/N m
2
and the volume
of a cylinder with radius r and length is
V = r
2
.
Explanation:
Let : r = 2.2 cm = 0.022 m,
= 1.9 C/m
3
,
= 1.9 10
6
C/m
3
, and

0
= 8.8542 10
12
C
2
/N m
2
.
Consider a cylindrical Gaussian surface of
radius r and length much less than the
length of the insulator so that the compo-
nent of the electric eld parallel to the axis is
negligible.

r
R
The ux leaving the ends of the Gaussian
cylinder is negligible, and the only contribu-
tion to the ux is from the side of the cylinder.
Since the eld is perpendicular to this surface,
the ux is

s
= 2 r E ,
and the charge enclosed by the surface is
Q
encl
= r
2
.
Using Gauss law,

s
=
Q
enc

0
2 r E =
r
2

0
E =

2
0
r
=
_
1.9 10
6
C/m
3
_
(0.022 m)
2 (8.8542 10
12
C
2
/N m
2
)
= 2360.46 N/C .
025 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points
A solid conducting sphere of radius R
1
and
total charge q
1
is enclosed by a conducting
shell with an inner radius R
2
R
3
and total charge q
2
.
O
q
2
q
1
A
C
S
R
1
R
2
R
3
Find the electric eld at A. OA = a and
OC = c.
1. E
P
= 0
2. E
P
=
k q
1
R
2
1
3. E
P
=
q
2
k a
2
4. E
P
=
k q
2
a
2
lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 15
5. E
P
=
q
1
k a
2
6. E
P
=
k (q
1
+ q
2
)
a
2
7. E
P
=
k (q
1
+ q
2
)
a
8. E
P
=
k q
1
a
2
correct
9. E
P
=
k q
1
a
10. E
P
=
k q
1
R
1
Explanation:
Consider a spherical Gaussian surface
through the point A. A is outside of the
sphere, so the enclosed charge q
encl
= q
1
can
be treated as a point charge and
E
A
(4 a
2
) =
q
encl

0
=
q
1

0
E
A
=
1
4
0
q
1
a
2
= k
q
1
a
2
.
026 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the total ux emanating through the
Gaussian surface S through the point C.
1.
S
=
q
1
+ q
2

0
c
2.
S
=
q
2

0
3.
S
=
(q
1
+ q
2
)

0
4.
S
=
q
1

0
5.
S
=
q
2
q
1

0
6.
S
=
q
1
q
2

0
7.
S
=
q
1
q
2

0
c
8.
S
=
q
1

0
9.
S
=
q
2

0
10.
S
=
q
1
+ q
2

0
correct
Explanation:
The enclosed charge is q
1
+q
2
, so the ux is

S
=
q
1
+ q
2

0
.
027 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points
Find the surface charge density on the outer
surface of the shell.
1. =
q
2
q
1
4 R
2
3
2. =
q
1
+ q
2
4 R
2
3

0
3. =
q
1
+ q
2
4 R
2
3
correct
4. =
q
1
4 R
2
1
5. =
q
1
4 R
2
1

0
6. =
q
2
4 R
2
3
7. =
q
2
4 R
2
2

0
8. =
q
2
4 R
2
2
9. =
q
2
q
1
4 R
2
3

0
10. =
q
2
4 R
2
3

0
Explanation:
Inside the conductor the electric eld is
zero, so the charge on the inner surface of the
shell is q

2
= q
1
, the charge on the outer
surface is q

2
= q
2
q

2
= q
2
+ q
1
, and the
charge density is
=
q

2
4 R
2
3
=
q
1
+ q
2
4 R
2
3
.