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Multiple-choice questions may continue on

the next column or page nd all choices

before answering.

001 10.0 points

A water molecule is a permanent dipole

with a known dipole moment p = qs. There

is a water molecule in the air a very short dis-

tance x from the midpoint of a long glass

rod of length L carrying a uniformly dis-

tributed positive charge Q. The axis of the

dipole is perpendicular to the rod. Note that

s << x << L. You may neglect the small

change in the dipole moment of the water

molecule induced by the rod.

Choose the answer that correctly expresses

the magnitude and direction (along the x-

axis) of the electric force on the water

molecule. Your final result must be ex-

pressed only in terms of k, Q, p, L, s and

x and any constant numerical factors.

1. k

2Qp

Ls

2

2. k

2Qp

xL

2

3. k

2Qp

Ls

2

4. k

2Qp

xL

2

5. k

Qp

Lx

2

6. k

2Qp

Lx

2

correct

7. k

Qp

Lx

2

8. k

2Qp

Lx

2

9. k

Qp

Ls

2

10. k

Qp

Ls

2

Explanation:

Since we are given the condition that x <<

L, we may use the approximate equation for

the E-eld of a long rod

E

1

4

0

2(Q/L)

r

Calculate the force by considering each charge

independently:

F =

1

4

0

2Qq

L

1

x

s

2

+

1

4

0

2Qq

L

1

x +

s

2

F =

1

4

0

2Qq

L

_

_

_

_

1

x +

s

2

1

x

s

2

_

_

_

_

F =

1

4

0

2Qq

L

s

x

2

s

2

4

F

1

4

0

2Qqs

Lx

2

F k

2Qp

Lx

2

where the approximation is justied since

s << x.

002 10.0 points

Consider a thin glass rod of length L lying

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 2

along the x-axis with its left end at origin.

The rod carries a uniformly distributed posi-

tive charge Q.

O

L

+Q

a

What is the electric eld due to the rod at

position a on the x-axis, a > L, as shown in

the gure above?

1. E =

1

4

0

Q

a

_

0

d x

(a x)

2

2. E =

1

4

0

Q

L

_

0

d x

(a x)

2

3. E =

1

4

0

Q

a

_

0

d x

x

2

4. E =

1

4

0

Q

L

a

_

0

d x

x

2

5. E =

1

4

0

Q

L

L

_

0

d x

(a x)

2

correct

6. E =

1

4

0

Q

L

a

_

0

d x

(a x)

2

7. E =

1

4

0

Q

L

_

0

d x

x

2

8. E =

1

4

0

Q

L

L

_

0

d x

x

2

Explanation:

The charges of the rod are distributed be-

tween 0 and L, so the integral limits are 0

to L. The distance between points x and a is

(a-x), so

E =

1

4

0

Q

(a x)

2

=

1

4

0

Q

L

x

(a x)

2

E =

1

4

0

Q

L

L

_

0

d x

(a x)

2

003 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points

Consider a uniformly charged non-conducting

semicircular arc with radius r and total nega-

tive charge Q. The charge on a small segment

with angle is labeled q.

x

y

r

x

y

I II

III IV

B

A

O

What is q?

1. q = Q

2. q =

2 Q

3. q =

2 Q

4. None of these

5. q =

Q

correct

6. q = 2 Q

7. q =

Q

2

8. q =

Q

9. q =

Q

2

10. q = Q

Explanation:

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 3

The angle of a semicircle is , so

q

=

Q

.

004 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points

What is the magnitude of the x-component of

the electric eld at the center due to q?

1. E

x

=

k [q[ sin

r

2

2. E

x

= k [q[ r

2

3. E

x

= k [q[ (sin) r

4. E

x

=

k [q[ cos

r

2

correct

5. E

x

=

k [q[ cos

r

6. E

x

=

k [q[ sin

r

7. E

x

=

k [q[

r

2

8. E

x

= k [q[ (cos ) r

9. E

x

= k [q[ (cos ) r

2

10. E

x

= k [q[ (sin) r

2

Explanation:

The negative charge attracts a positive test

charge. At O, E points toward q . The

vector E

x

points along the negative x axis,

and its magnitude is

E

x

= E cos =

k [q[

r

2

cos .

005 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points

Determine the magnitude of the electric eld

at O. The total charge is 33.6 C, the radius

of the semicircle is 134 cm, and the Coulomb

constant is 8.98755 10

9

N m

2

/C

2

.

Correct answer: 1.07066 10

5

N/C.

Explanation:

Let : Q = 33.6 C = 3.36 10

5

C,

r = 134 cm = 1.34 m, and

k = 8.98755 10

9

N m

2

/C

2

.

By symmetry of the semicircle, the y-

component of the electric eld at the center is

E

y

= 0 . Combining part 1 and part 2,

E

x

=

k [q[ cos

r

2

=

k [Q[

r

2

cos ,

so the magnitude of the electric eld at the

center is

E = E

x

=

_

/2

/2

k [Q[

r

2

cos d =

2 k [Q[

r

2

=

2

_

8.98755 10

9

N m

2

/C

2

_

(1.34 m)

2

[(3.36 10

5

C)[

= 1.07066 10

5

N/C

with direction along negative x axis.

x

y

r

x

y

I II

III IV

B

A

O

E

006 10.0 points

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 4

Consider a uniformly charged thin rod with

total charge Q and length L. It is aligned

along the y-axis and centered at the origin

(see g 8-3hw). We wish to determine the

eld at P due to the charges on the rod.

Because the rod is centered at the origin,

symmetry tells us the electric eld at P must

point in the r direction. Based on the dier-

ential form

dE

r

= k

(Qdy/L)

2

sin ,

determine the integrated expression for E

r

at

P.

Hint: use the math identity dy/

2

= d/r.

This identity can be derived using the geo-

metric relation tan = r/(y) (1), and the

calculus identity d tan/d = sec

2

= y

2

/

2

(2).

1.

kQ

Lr

(cos

2

cos

1

)

2.

kQ

L

(cos

2

cos

1

)

3.

kQ

L

(cos

1

cos

2

)

4.

kQ

r

(cos

2

cos

1

)

5.

kQ

r

(cos

1

cos

2

)

6.

kQ

Lr

(cos

1

cos

2

) correct

Explanation:

First, let us verify the identity: dy/

2

=

d/r. From (1),

d

d

tan =

d

d

r

y

=

r

y

2

dy

d

.

This together with (2), this leads to

r

y

2

dy

d

=

2

y

2

or

dy

2

=

d

r

.

Therefore,

dE

r

= k

(Q/L)dy

2

sin = k

(Q/L)d

r

sin .

Integrating over from

1

to

2

leads to

Ans=3. We leave it to the reader to verify

that this answer leads to the equation at the

top of p634.

007 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Consider the eld due to a uniformly

charged disk of radius R and charge Q. Along

the symmetry axis at distance z from the cen-

ter, the eld has been written in following

forms.

E

exact

= E

0

_

1

z

R

2

+ z

2

_

E

1

E

0

_

1

z

R

_

where

E

0

=

Q/A)

2

0

To compare the accuracy of dierent ap-

proximations it is convenient to work with

the normalized difference to be specied

below. The nth order smallness is charac-

terized by

n

and =

z

R

with being the

smallness parameter. In general the nth or-

der term takes the form C

n

, where C is some

nite constant (e.g 0.1 < C < 10).

For the normalized dierence

[E

exact

E

1

[

E

0

,

identify the correct choice among the follow-

ing

1.

2.

3

correct

3.

2

4.

4

Explanation:

By denition we have

[E

exact

E

1

[

E

0

=

_

1

z

R

2

+ z

2

_

_

1

z

R

_

[E

exact

E

1

[

E

0

=

z

R

_

1

1

_

1 + (z/R)

2

_

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 5

[E

exact

E

1

[

E

0

z

R

1

2

_

z

R

_

2

[E

exact

E

1

[

E

0

1

2

3

So, n = 3.

008 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

For the normalized dierence

[E

1

E

0

[

E

0

, iden-

tify the correct choice among the following

1. correct

2.

4

3.

3

4.

2

Explanation:

It can be seen that

[E

1

E

0

[ = E

0

E

0

_

1

z

R

_

= E

0

_

z

R

_

Hence, we obtain

[E

1

E

0

[

E

0

=

z

R

=

So, n = 1. This explains the pattern in the

problem: Diskeld16x005. When is very

small, E

1

is extremely close to E

exact

, since

we now see that the dierence is of the order

3

E

0

. This is to be compared to the dierence

between E

1

and E

0

, where the dierence is

not as small, since it is to the order of E

0

.

009 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

A large, thin plastic disk of radius R =

1.6 m carries a uniform charge of Q =

4 10

5

C as shown in the gure above.

A circular piece of aluminium foil is placed at

a distance d = 0.001 m from the disk, parallel

to the disk. The foil has a radius of r = 0.07 m

and a thickness t = 0.005 m.

Which of the following choices is correct

regarding the nature of the electric eld at

location x inside the foil and at its center?

1. T he magnitude of the net electric force

is non-zero and the direction is away from the

foil.

2. The magnitude of the net electric force

is non-zero and the direction is out of the

plane.

3. The magnitude of the net electric force is

zero. correct

4. The magnitude of the net electric force is

non-zero and the direction is into the plane.

5. The magnitude of the net electric force

is non-zero and the direction is towards the

foil.

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 6

Explanation:

The net electric eld inside the foil is zero.

The electric eld due to the disk points to-

wards the right; this is nullied by the electric

eld due to the foil which points towards the

right.

010 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

Calculate the magnitude q of the charge on

the left circular face of the foil. Use the

following approximations:

[

E

disk

[

[Q[/R

2

2

0

_

1

d

R

_

[

E

foil

[

[q[/r

2

0

Correct answer: 3.82573 10

8

C.

Explanation:

The net electric eld is zero. Hence, we

have

E

net

=

E

disk

+

E

foil

[

E

disk

[

[Q[/R

2

2

0

_

1

d

R

_

[

E

foil

[

[q[/r

2

0

[q[/r

2

[Q[/R

2

2

0

_

1

d

R

_

[q[ [Q[

r

2

2R

2

_

1

d

R

_

By plugging in the values we obtain

[q[ (4 10

5

C)

(0.07 m)

2

2(1.6 m)

2

_

1

0.001 m

1.6 m

_

[q[ 3.82573 10

8

C

011 10.0 points

In the gure shown above, a thin plastic

disk of radius 0.6 m is uniformly charged with

Q

disk

= 3 10

7

C and is attached to a thin

glass rod of length 2.4 m that is uniformly

charged with Q

rod

= 5 10

8

C. The center

of the rod and the center of disk are at the

origin. The rod lies along the x axis and the

disk lies in the yz plane. What is the (vector)

electric eld at location 0.02, 0.01, 0m?

Given that the value of

0

=

8.85 10

12

C

2

/N.m

2

.

1. 14900, 22600, 0N/C

2. 14900, 37500, 0N/C

3. 52400, 14900, 0N/C

4. 22600, 37500, 0N/C

5. 22600, 14900, 0N/C

6. 37500, 14900, 0N/C

7. 52400, 37500, 0N/C

8. 37500, 14900, 0N/C

9. 37500, 52400, 0N/C

10. 14900, 37500, 0N/C correct

Explanation:

According to the superposition principle

E

is the vector sum of the electric eld

E

disk

contributed by the disk and the electric eld

E

rod

contributed by the rod.

E =

E

disk

+

E

rod

Because the observation location is close to

the disk (0.02m << 0.6m) and far from the

edge of the disk, we can approximate the eld

contributed by the disk:

[

E

disk

[

Q/A

2

0

[

E

disk

[ =

[ 3 10

7

C[/((0.6 m)

2

)

2(8.85 10

12

C

2

/N.m

2

)

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 7

[

E

disk

[ = 14900 N/C

Because the disk is negatively charged,

E

disk

is along the -x direction, so

E

disk

14900, 0, 0 N/C

Because the observation location is close to

the rod (0.01m << 2.4m) and far from the

ends of the rod, we can approximate the eld

contributed by the rod:

[

E

rod

[

1

4

0

(2Q/L)

r

[

E

rod

[ = (9 10

9

N.m

2

/C

2

)

2(5 10

8

C)/(2.4 m)

0.01 m

[

E

rod

[ = 37500 N/C

Because the rod is positively charged,

E

rod

is

in the +y direction, so

E

rod

0, 37500, 0 N/C

Therefore, the net electric eld is

E =

E

disk

+

E

rod

012 10.0 points

A ring of radius 10 cm that lies in the yz plane

carries positive charge of 6 C uniformly dis-

tributed over its length. A particle of mass m

that carries a charge of 6 C executes small

oscillations about the center of the ring on its

axis with an angular frequency of 22 rad/s.

Find the angular frequency of oscillation of

the mass if the radius of the ring is doubled to

20 cm and all other parameters above remain

unchanged.

Hint: it is useful to draw an analogy be-

tween this problem and a mass-spring system.

For the latter, the force on the mass is given by

F = ma = kx and produces 1d simple har-

monic oscillation with an angular frequency

of =

_

k/m. For the near eld behavior of

a charged ring, see g 16.18 in the text book.

Correct answer: 7.77817 rad/s.

Explanation:

Let : R = 10 cm,

R

= 20 cm,

Q = 6 C,

Q

p

= 6 C, and

i

= 22 rad/s .

The electric eld along the x axis is

E =

k Qx

_

R

2

+ x

2

_

3

.

If x R, the electric eld can be approxi-

mated as E =

k Qx

R

3

, so the force on the mass

is F =

k QQ

p

x

R

3

. Applying simple harmonic

oscillation, =

_

k QQ

p

mR

3

_

1

R

3

, so

i

=

_

R

3

R

3

=

_

R

R

_

3/2

i

=

_

10 cm

20 cm

_

3/2

(22 rad/s)

= 7.77817 rad/s .

013 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points

Two rings of radius R = 0.036 m are d =

0.11 m apart and concentric with a common

horizontal x axis (the +x axis is towards the

right). The ring on the left carries a uniformly

distributed charge of +40nC, and the ring

on the right carries a uniformly distributed

charge of 40nC.

The value of k is 9 10

9

Nm

2

/C

2

.

What is the magnitude of the electric eld

due to the right ring at a location midway

between the two rings?

Correct answer: 69709 N/C.

Explanation:

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 8

The electric eld vector is given by

E

x

, E

y

, E

z

. However, the y and z compo-

nents of the vector are zero. The x-component

of the electric eld due to the ring is given by

E

1

=

1

4

0

qx

(R

2

+ x

2

)

3/2

here we note that

x = 0.055 m

R = 0.036 m

q = 4 10

8

C

k =

1

4

0

= 9 10

9

Nm

2

/C

2

E

1

= (9 10

9

Nm

2

/C

2

)

(4 10

8

C)(0.055 m)

((0.036 m)

2

+ (0.055 m)

2

)

3/2

= 69709 N/C

014 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points

Denote the magnitude of the electric eld at

the middle due to the left ring by E

1

, that due

to the right ring by E

2

. Compare E

1

and E

2

.

Which of the following relations represents

the correct choice?

1. E

1

> E

2

2. E

1

< E

2

3. E

1

= E

2

correct

Explanation:

The electric eld due to the left ring will

be of the same magnitude as that of the right

ring since the parameters are the same. The

radial vector points in the opposite direction

but it is compensated by the charge, which is

of the opposite sign. Its direction will also be

along the same direction. Hence, the answer

is E

1

= E

2

.

015 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points

What is the net electric eld at a location

midway between the two rings?

1. E

net

= E

1

+ E

2

correct

2. E

net

= E

1

E

2

3. E

net

= E

1

+ E

2

4. E

net

= E

1

E

2

Explanation:

The net electric eld is the sum of the rst

two electric elds (because both of them point

in the + x direction) and the net eld is given

by E

net

= E

1

+ E

2

.

016 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

A uniformly charged conducting plate with

area A has a total charge Q which is positive.

The gure below shows a cross-sectional view

of the plane and the electric eld lines due to

the charge on the plane. The gure is not

drawn to scale.

E E

+Q

P

Find the magnitude of the eld at point P,

which is a distance a from the plate. Assume

that a is very small when compared to the

dimensions of the plate, such that edge eects

can be ignored.

1. |

E

P

| =

Q

0

A

2. |

E

P

| =

0

QA

3. |

E

P

| =

Q

2

0

A

correct

4. |

E

P

| = 4

0

a

2

Q

5. |

E

P

| =

Q

4

0

a

2

6. |

E

P

| =

0

Qa

2

7. |

E

P

| = 4

0

a Q

8. |

E

P

| = 2

0

QA

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 9

9. |

E

P

| =

Q

4

0

a

Explanation:

Basic Concepts Gauss Law, electrostatic

properties of conductors.

Solution: Consider the Gaussian surface

shown in the gure.

E

+Q

E

S

Due to the symmetry of the problem, there

is an electric ux only through the right and

left surfaces and these two are equal. Total

charge density is =

Q

A

; each (large) conduc-

tor surface holds half the total charge, so each

large surface has half the total charge density:

L,R

=

Q

2A

. If the cross section of the surface

is S, then Gauss Law states that

TOTAL

= 2 E S

=

1

0

Q

2A

(2S) , since

TOTAL

_

E d

A, so

E =

Q

2

0

A

.

017 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

Two uniformly charged conducting plates are

parallel to each other. They each have area

A. Plate #1 has a positive charge Q while

plate #2 has a charge 3 Q.

+Q

#1

3 Q

#2

P

x

y

Using the superposition principle nd the

magnitude of the electric eld at a point P in

the gap.

1. |

E

P

| =

Q

0

A

2. |

E

P

| = 0

3. |

E

P

| =

Q

2

0

A

4. |

E

P

| =

5 Q

0

A

5. |

E

P

| =

3 Q

0

A

6. |

E

P

| =

Q

0

7. |

E

P

| =

Q

3

0

A

8. |

E

P

| =

3 Q

2

0

A

9. |

E

P

| =

2 Q

0

A

correct

10. |

E

P

| =

4 Q

0

A

Explanation:

According to the result of part 1, the

electric eld generated by plate #1 at P is

E

1

=

Q

2

0

A

directed along the positive x-axis.

The eld generated by plate #2 has a magni-

tude E

2

=

3 Q

2

0

A

and it is directed along the

positive x-axis also, since the charge is nega-

tive. Therefore, the magnitudes add and we

get

E

gap

=

Q

2

0

A

+

3 Q

2

0

A

=

2 Q

0

A

.

018 10.0 points

Two large, thin, charged plastic circular

plates each of radius R are placed a short

distance s apart; s is much smaller than the

dimensions of a plate. The right-hand plate

has a positive charge of +Q evenly distributed

over its inner surface (Q is a positive number).

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 10

The left-hand plate has a negative charge of

2Q evenly distributed over its inner surface.

A very thin plastic spherical shell of radius

r is placed midway between the plates (and

shown in cross section). It has a uniformly

distributed positive charge of +q. You can ig-

nore the contributions to the electric eld due

to the polarization of the thin plastic shell

and the thin plastic plates.

Without the plastic sphere, the electric eld

at A would be

Ia) the same

Ib) smaller

Ic) larger

Rank the electric eld magnitudes at A,B

and C.

IIa) E

A

> E

B

> E

C

IIb) E

C

> E

B

> E

A

IIc) E

B

> E

C

> E

A

1. Ia, IIc correct

2. Ib, IIc

3. Ib, IIa

4. Ic, IIb

5. Ic, IIa

6. Ic, IIc

7. Ia, IIa

8. Ib, IIb

9. Ia, IIb

Explanation:

I. The electric eld due to the spherical

shell of charge is 0 inside the sphere.

II. The electric elds due to the plates are

the same at A, B, and C. The elds at B

and C have an additional contribution due to

the sphere, however, which enhances the eld

strength at those locations compared to A.

Because B is closer to the center of the sphere

than C, the electric eld at B is the greatest.

019 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

Q

R radius

Consider a solid conducting sphere of ra-

dius R and total charge Q. Which diagram

describes the E(r) vs r (electric eld vs radial

distance) function for the sphere?

o.

r

R 0

1

r

2

/.

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 11

r

R 0

1

r

2

(.

r

R 0

1

r

2

/.

r

R 0

1

r

2

1

r

T.

r

R 0

1

r

2

1. (

2. o correct

3. /

4. /

5. T

Explanation:

Because the charge distribution is spheri-

cally symmetric, select a spherical Gaussian

surface of radius r and surface area 4 r

2

con-

centric with the sphere. The electric eld due

to the conducting sphere is directed radially

outward by symmetry and is therefore normal

to the surface at every point and

E is parallel

to d

A at each point.

There is no charge within the Gaussian sur-

face, so E = 0 for r < R.

For the region outside the conducting

sphere,

E

=

_

E d

A =

_

E dA = E

_

dA

= E

_

4 r

2

_

=

q

in

0

E =

q

in

4

0

r

2

=

Q

4

0

r

2

for r > R.

o.

r

R 0

1

r

2

E

020 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

Which diagram describes the E(r) vs r

(electric eld vs radial distance) function if

the sphere is instead a uniformly charged,

non-conducting sphere?

1. (

2. T

3. o

4. / correct

Explanation:

Select a spherical Gaussian surface of radius

r and volume V

, where r < R, concentric

with the uniformly charged non-conducting

sphere. The charge q

in

within the Gaussian

surface of the volume V

is less than Q; from

the volume charge density

Q

V

,

q

in

= V

=

_

4

3

r

3

_

.

Applying Gauss law, for r < R,

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 12

_

E dA = E

_

dA = E

_

4 r

2

_

=

q

en

0

E =

q

en

4

0

r

2

=

4

3

r

3

4

0

r

2

=

3

0

r .

=

3 Q

4 R

3

by denition and k =

1

4

0

, so

E =

4

3

k

3 Q

4 R

3

r =

k Q

R

3

r .

In the region outside the uniformly charged

non-conducting sphere, we have the same con-

ditions as for the conducting sphere when ap-

plying Gauss law, so

E =

Q

4

0

r

2

.

/.

r

R 0

1

r

2

E

021 10.0 points

This problem concerns the two cases shown

in the gures above. The top gure shows a

positively charged glass sphere surrounded by

a plastic shell while the bottom gure shows

a positively charged glass sphere surrounded

by a metal shell.

Choose the correct pair of statements.

If the magnitude of the E eld at the points

is designated E

P,p

and E

P,m

for the plastic

and metal cases, respectively, then

Ia. E

P1,p

> E

P1,m

Ib. E

P1,p

< E

P1,m

Ic. E

P1,p

= E

P1,m

and

IIa. E

P2,p

> E

P2,m

IIb. E

P2,p

< E

P2,m

IIc. E

P2,p

= E

P2,m

1. Ia, IIc correct

2. Ic, IIb

3. Ib, IIb

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 13

4. Ic, IIa

5. Ib, IIc

6. Ic, IIc

7. Ia, IIb

8. Ib, IIa

9. Ia, IIa

Explanation:

Ia. When exposed to an external E eld,

the E eld inside of a conductor is zero, but

the E eld inside of an insulator is not.

IIc. Neither shell aects the E eld at

P

2

. For the conductor, the inner and outer

surface charges produce canceling E elds at

P

2

. Likewise, for an insulator the radially

symmetric distribution of dipoles produces a

canceling E eld at P

2

.

022 (part 1 of 2) 10.0 points

A uniformly charged, straight lament 7 m in

length has a total positive charge of 10 C. An

uncharged cardboard cylinder 1 cm in length

and 8 cm in radius surrounds the lament

using the lament as its axis of symmetry,

with the lament as the central axis of the

cylinder.

Find the total electric ux through the

cylinder. The permittivity of free space is

8.8542 10

12

C

2

/N m

2

.

Correct answer: 1613.44 N m

2

/C.

Explanation:

Let : L = 7 m,

r = 8 cm = 0.08 m,

= 1 cm = 0.01 m,

Q = 10 C = 1 10

5

C, and

0

= 8.8542 10

12

C

2

/N m

2

.

Calculate the ux through the cylinder us-

ing Gauss law. The ux through a closed

surface is

=

q

enclosed

0

.

Our Gaussian surface will be the cardboard

tube, but we will close o the ends of the cylin-

der for our imaginary surface. Assume that

the lament is long enough (compared to the

cylinder) that eld lines emerge from the l-

ament only radially they do not penetrate

the caps on our Gaussian surface.

The charge which the cylinder encloses is

q = =

Q

L

where Q is the total charge on the lament

and L is the length of the lament, so

=

Q

0

L

=

(1 10

5

C)(0.01 m)

(8.8542 10

12

C

2

/N m

2

)(7 m)

= 1613.44 N m

2

/C .

023 (part 2 of 2) 10.0 points

What is the electric eld at the surface of the

cylinder?

Correct answer: 3.20984 10

5

V/m.

Explanation:

Gausss law can also tell us the eld at the

surface of the cylinder:

=

_

E d

A

where the integral is over the area through

which the eld penetrates. We will assume

that the eld does not change appreciably

over the surface of the cylinder. The integral

then becomes

= E

_

dA = E (2 r )

where r is the radius of the cylinder and is

its length, so

E =

2 r

=

1613.44 N m

2

/C

2 (0.08 m)(0.01 m)

= 3.20984 10

5

V/m .

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 14

024 10.0 points

Consider a long, uniformly charged, cylindri-

cal insulator of radius R with charge density

1.9 C/m

3

.

R

2.2 cm

What is the magnitude of the electric eld

inside the insulator at a distance 2.2 cm < R

from the axis? The permittivity of free space

is 8.8542 10

12

C

2

/N m

2

and the volume

of a cylinder with radius r and length is

V = r

2

.

Correct answer: 2360.46 N/C.

Explanation:

Let : r = 2.2 cm = 0.022 m,

= 1.9 C/m

3

,

= 1.9 10

6

C/m

3

, and

0

= 8.8542 10

12

C

2

/N m

2

.

Consider a cylindrical Gaussian surface of

radius r and length much less than the

length of the insulator so that the compo-

nent of the electric eld parallel to the axis is

negligible.

r

R

The ux leaving the ends of the Gaussian

cylinder is negligible, and the only contribu-

tion to the ux is from the side of the cylinder.

Since the eld is perpendicular to this surface,

the ux is

s

= 2 r E ,

and the charge enclosed by the surface is

Q

encl

= r

2

.

Using Gauss law,

s

=

Q

enc

0

2 r E =

r

2

0

E =

2

0

r

=

_

1.9 10

6

C/m

3

_

(0.022 m)

2 (8.8542 10

12

C

2

/N m

2

)

= 2360.46 N/C .

025 (part 1 of 3) 10.0 points

A solid conducting sphere of radius R

1

and

total charge q

1

is enclosed by a conducting

shell with an inner radius R

2

and outer radius

R

3

and total charge q

2

.

O

q

2

q

1

A

C

S

R

1

R

2

R

3

Find the electric eld at A. OA = a and

OC = c.

1. E

P

= 0

2. E

P

=

k q

1

R

2

1

3. E

P

=

q

2

k a

2

4. E

P

=

k q

2

a

2

lui (el22284) HW4 li (58545) 15

5. E

P

=

q

1

k a

2

6. E

P

=

k (q

1

+ q

2

)

a

2

7. E

P

=

k (q

1

+ q

2

)

a

8. E

P

=

k q

1

a

2

correct

9. E

P

=

k q

1

a

10. E

P

=

k q

1

R

1

Explanation:

Consider a spherical Gaussian surface

through the point A. A is outside of the

sphere, so the enclosed charge q

encl

= q

1

can

be treated as a point charge and

E

A

(4 a

2

) =

q

encl

0

=

q

1

0

E

A

=

1

4

0

q

1

a

2

= k

q

1

a

2

.

026 (part 2 of 3) 10.0 points

Find the total ux emanating through the

Gaussian surface S through the point C.

1.

S

=

q

1

+ q

2

0

c

2.

S

=

q

2

0

3.

S

=

(q

1

+ q

2

)

0

4.

S

=

q

1

0

5.

S

=

q

2

q

1

0

6.

S

=

q

1

q

2

0

7.

S

=

q

1

q

2

0

c

8.

S

=

q

1

0

9.

S

=

q

2

0

10.

S

=

q

1

+ q

2

0

correct

Explanation:

The enclosed charge is q

1

+q

2

, so the ux is

S

=

q

1

+ q

2

0

.

027 (part 3 of 3) 10.0 points

Find the surface charge density on the outer

surface of the shell.

1. =

q

2

q

1

4 R

2

3

2. =

q

1

+ q

2

4 R

2

3

0

3. =

q

1

+ q

2

4 R

2

3

correct

4. =

q

1

4 R

2

1

5. =

q

1

4 R

2

1

0

6. =

q

2

4 R

2

3

7. =

q

2

4 R

2

2

0

8. =

q

2

4 R

2

2

9. =

q

2

q

1

4 R

2

3

0

10. =

q

2

4 R

2

3

0

Explanation:

Inside the conductor the electric eld is

zero, so the charge on the inner surface of the

shell is q

2

= q

1

, the charge on the outer

surface is q

2

= q

2

q

2

= q

2

+ q

1

, and the

charge density is

=

q

2

4 R

2

3

=

q

1

+ q

2

4 R

2

3

.

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