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# CHAPTER 6: SOURCES OF ENERGY

## 1. The object shown in table below possess certain forms of energy.

(a) Draw lines to show the correct match between the object that forms types
of energy.

Light energy

Heat energy

Chemical energy

Potential energy

Sound energy

Mechanical energy

Kinetic energy

[6 marks]

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(b) The diagram shows one common energy converter energy changer involved:

## Electrical energy  Heat energy + light energy

[1 mark]

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2. Diagram 2 below shows four types sources of energy.

Diagram 2

(a) Based from diagram, label the names for types sources of energy using
the following words.

[3 marks]

## (b) Classify of energy sources using the chart below:

Sources of energy

## Renewable Energy Sources

Fossil fuel

[2 marks]

……………………………………………………………………………………..

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

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3. The diagram shows energy change of the movement of swing.

[1 mark]

## (b) Based on diagram above, state energy involved.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[1 mark]

## (c) State the energy conversion for movement of a swing.

……………………………………………………………………………………..
[2 marks]

(d) Based on diagram above, choose the diagram with the same energy
conversion from R to Q that take place in diagram above.
Mark () in the box for the diagram.

[1 mark]

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4. Diagram 4.1 shows a boy playing on a swing.

Diagram 4.1

## (a) State the energy changes involved in the situation.

………………………………………………………………………………………
[1 mark]

## (iv) minimum potential energy? : …………………………………………

[2 marks]

(b) What can you conclude about the total energy of the boy at position M, N
and L?

…..…………………………………………………………………………………….
[`1 mark]

(d) State the energy changes involved in the following energy converter.

[2 marks]

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5.

Diagram 5.1

## (a) Name the types of energy are involved in stages P and S.

P : …………………………………..

S : ………………………………….. (2 marks)

(c) Numbering the statement below to explain the sequence of the process in
diagram Table 5.

## The ball has zero kinetic energy at position S

Potential energy at P is maximum

and Q

Table 5
(3 marks)

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Diagram 5.2

## (d ) Diagram 5.2 shows a two situations changes of energy. On diagram

above, draw lines to match and label the same types of energy for each
situation
(2 marks)

## (e) When the marble moves from P to R , the ………………………… energy

increase and the ………………………….. energy decreased.
(2 marks)

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6. Some sugar is heated and the burning sugar is then placed in a gas jar filled with
oxygen as shown in the diagram 6.1 . The sugar burns completely. The gas jar
is then shaken with lime water at the end of this activity.

Diagram 6.1

## ( a ) i. Based on the experiment observed what happened to the lime water.

………………………………………………………………………………..
(1 marks)

## ii. What inference can you make based on (a) (i)?

………………………………………………………………………………..
(2 marks)

observation in diagram 7.

…………………..……………………………………………………….

……………………………………………………………………………
(2 marks)

## ( b) State the relationship between the burning of sugar and energy.

……..……………………………………………………………………………
(1 marks)

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( c) State the variables involved in this experiment.

Manipulated variable

Responding variable

## Controlled variable Volume of oxygen

(2 marks)

( d ) Based on the experiment ,predict the product formed from the burning
sugar.

………………………………………………………………………………..
(2 marks)

## ( e ) Complete an equations in words based on conclusion which draw from

the above activity.

## Sugar + Oxygen -_______ + _________ + _________

(2 marks)

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7. Diagram 7 shows sources of energy P , Q , R , S and T

T
P

Q R

Diagram 7

## ( a ) Name each of the following sources of energy.

P : …………………………………………………………………….

Q : …………………………………………………………………….

R : ……………………………………………………………………

S : ……………………………………………………………………

T : ……………………………………………………………………

[ 4 marks ]

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( b ) Classify the sources of energy P.Q.R.S and T in Figure 7 into two group based on
common characteristics.
Name the sources of energy belonging to each group with letters.

P,Q,R,S T

GROUP 1 GROUP 2
Common
characteristics ……………………………… …………………………….

energy energy

Letters of
sources of
energy

( 4 marks )

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