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Ahmed Jasem

Humaid Ahmed

Salem Abdulla

2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami


term 2 english project, activity 3

2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami, Page 1

Ahmed Jasem

Humaid Ahmed

Salem Abdulla

2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami


term2 english project, activity 3
Tohoku earthquake and tsunami is a 9.0 magnitude earthquake that occurred on the great east of Japan at Friday 11 March 2011. It was the most powerful known earthquake ever to have hit Japan, and the fifth most powerful earthquake in the world since modern record keeping began in 1900. The event began with a powerful earthquake, which caused huge damage on land and caused a series of large tsunami waves that ruined many coastal areas of the country, especially in the Thoku region. The earthquake occurred at a shallow depth at 20 miles below the surface of the Pacific Ocean. This, combined with the high magnitude, caused a tsunami. The tsunami struck the northeastern coast of Honshu. The tsunami caused a cooling system failure at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, which resulted in a level 7 nuclear meltdown and release of radioactive materials. About 300 tons of radioactive water continues to leak from the plant every day into the Pacific Ocean, affecting fish and other marine life. Residents of Tokyo received a warning before the strong shaking hit the city, thanks to Japans earthquake early warning system. The country's precise seismic building codes and early warning system prevented many deaths from the earthquake, by stopping high-speed trains and factory assembly lines. People in Japan also received texted alerts of the earthquake warning on their cellphones.

Natural disasters may occur anywhere at anytime. Communities should know how to deal and how to reduce the impacts of a natural disaster if it occurred. Avoiding most of these disasters is almost impossible as they are unpredictable, and occur all of a sudden. However, much can be done to reduce the impacts of a natural disaster.
2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami, Page 2

Ahmed Jasem

Humaid Ahmed

Salem Abdulla

The process of reducing the impacts differs from a disaster to a disaster. For example, you can reduce the impacts of some disasters like flood and soil erosion by planting trees in land, hills or riverbanks. However, some disasters such as earthquakes and tsunamis are more difficult to prevent. For earthquakes, building structures which are able to resist the earthquake will reduce the impacts of the earthquake. Also, people can take regular practice days to know how to be familiar with the earthquake and to be able to cope and deal with it, by helping the victims, and giving first aid, and calling the ambulance and so on. In conclusion, the 2011 Japanese earthquake is one of the most dramatic events ever occurred in history. The earthquake was very strong with a magnitude of 9.0, thousands of people died and hundreds of thousands were injured. Also, communities should find ways on how to deal with natural disasters and how to reduce they're effects, this can be achieved by good governmental planning, building strong and safe houses, developing a local plan to face earthquakes and so on. In this way, governments can deal and reduce the impacts of natural disasters.

Recourses
1- Gaire .p, general-paper, Prem gaire , Thursday, June 6, 2013 , http://www.generalpaper.com/2013/06/how-can-natural-disasters-be-avoided-or.html, 01/03/2014 2BBC news , 11 March 2012 , http://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-17219008 , (01/03/2014) 3- Internet geography, learn on internet , http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/japan_earthquake.html (01/03/2014)

2011 Japanese earthquake and tsunami, Page 3

Ahmed Jasem

Humaid Ahmed

Salem Abdulla

4- pletcher , kenneth , encyclopaedia britannica , 9-20-2013 , http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1761942/Japan-earthquake-and-tsunami-of2011 , 01/03/2014 5- CNN , February 20, 2014 , http://edition.cnn.com/2013/07/17/world/asia/japanearthquake---tsunami-fast-facts/ , 01/03/2014 6- Oskin, Becky,livescience,OurAmazingPlanet, August 22, 2013 , http://www.livescience.com/39110-japan-2011-earthquake-tsunami-facts.html, 01/03/2014 7- MCEER, the Research Foundation of the State of New York, http://mceer.buffalo.edu/infoservice/disasters/Honshu-Japan-Earthquake-Tsunami2011.asp, 01/03/2014 8- USGS, 14 Mar 2011, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/eqinthenews/2011/usc0001xgp/, 01/03/2014 9- Ball, Matt, Spatial Sustain, ASM magazine, November 12, 2012, http://www.sensysmag.com/spatialsustain/taking-steps-to-reduce-the-impact-of-naturaldisasters.html, 01/03/2014 10- Vervaek, Armand and Daniell, James, Earthquake-Report, CATDAT, October 5, 2011, http://earthquake-report.com/2011/10/02/japan-tohoku-earthquake-and-tsunami-catdat41-report-october-2-2011/ , 01/03/2014

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