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12 TH CBSE (2013-14) SUBJECT : ENGLISH SOLUTION SECTION A - (Reading) 1. a. (i).

12 TH CBSE (2013-14) SUBJECT : ENGLISH SOLUTION

SECTION A - (Reading)

1. a.

(i). Parents and teachers want children to learn values like hard work, contentment, honesty and com passion.

(ii) The results of giving the children too much too soon is that they grow up to be adults who have difficulty coping with lifeís disappointments. They also have distorted sense of entitlement that gets in the way of success in the workplace and in relationships.

(iii). Todayís children want much more, partly because there is so much more to want. They think of MP3 players and flat-screen TVs as essential utilities, and they have developed strategies to get them.

(iv). The parents in todayís world need to find a balance which is the advantage of an affluent society and the critical life lessons that come from waiting, saving and working hard to achieve goals.

(v). It is necessary to set limits for children on their behaviour because they feel better and more secure when they live within a secured structure.

b.

(i). contentment

(ii). precious

(iii). essential

2.

Title : Childhood recollections

a.

1. As a child

(a)

gen. happy

(b)

enjoyed carefree time

(c)

deeply frighteníd

(i)

darkness

(ii)

getting lost

2. Childhood fears

(a)

things looked & sounded strange in room

(i)

clothes hung on chair app. as unknown beasts

(ii)

curtains moved without breeze

(iii) creak in floor sounded louder (iv) lie still to avoid enemy discover

(b)

get lost on the way home from school

(c)

scan bus for faces of friends & bus driver

(d)

never did adventurous activities

3. Feeling neglected

(a)

fear of not being liked or accepted by others

(b)

shy

(c)

worried about looks

(i)

too fat

(ii)

wore braces

(d)

argue mother for choice of shoes

(e)

wanted to be popular. Feared not beiní liked

4. Transition from child to adult

(a) rec. & overcome fear (b) darkness canít take life of its own (c) others
(a)
rec. & overcome fear
(b)
darkness canít take life of its own
(c)
others can help in need

12th CBSE Soluton_PAGE # 1

b.

Key to Abbreviations :

gen. - generally rec. - recognize

frighteníd - frightened

app. - appeared

beiní - being

Summary

I recollect my childhood days as being generally happy and being carefree at times. But in the same

breath, I vividly remember the moments of being deeply afraid of darkness. My room never had total darkness. The lights from outside used to make clothes take shapes of beasts. Curtains moved without breeze. Their was fear of monsters and burglars all the time. I would lie still to avoid being discov- ered. I also feared of being lost while coming home from school. I scanned faces of friends and bus driver to make sure of taking the right bus. I avoided being adventurous. I feared not being liked and accepted. I was shy, too fat and had braces. Process of evolving from child to adult made me realize to overcome fear.

SECTION B - (Advanced Writing Skills)

3. Regret

Mr. P K Sinha, Principal, G Tcollegethank Mr.Akhil Sharma for invitinghim toinaugurate a Book Exhibition on 10th March 20XX and inform with regret that he will not be able to turn up due to prior engagement. He wishesthe success of theBookFair.

4.

Personality Development Workshop by : Rajesh

Kota, 1st March - Last week, a workshop on personality development was held that can prove to be fruitful for the students. The workshop was organised on Sunday, 23 Feb in G L auditorium, R K Puram from 9.30 a.m. to 1.30 p.m. by ADO Hopeful Academy to groom the personality of students and youth so that they may be successful in their academic, professional and personal life. Mr. Kaamal Ahmed conducted this workshop and was facilitated by Brij Rathore. Many eminent personalities were present there to share their views. The programme focussed on self-motivation, self-confidence, management of emotions such as fear and anger, problem solving and decision making skills, and positive thinking. This can help students to learn step-by-step, systematic methods to enhance their personality through discussions, group activities, questionnaires, individual exercises and practice sessions. Exercises were held for individual assessment. A free counselling session was also conducted for parents. Participants were involved in different learning activities including group tasks and presentations. It was a constructive workshop and participants learnt alot.

rd

5. 16, TT Nagar

Bhopal

1st March 20XX

The Public Relations Manager

Chantac Enterprises

Mumbai

Sir

Sub: Recruitment of Marketing Manager

This is with reference to your advertisement in "Hindustan Times" dated 18 February, 20XX for the

recruitment of Marketing Manager

I am a diligent and a dedicated person. Finding myself as a candidate to your requirement, I enclose my

Resume for your reference and consideration.

If selected I assure to satisfy my officers by executing my duties most sincerely and honestly.

Thanking you

Yours faithfully

Prem

Encl: Resume and Testimonials

most sincerely and honestly. Thanking you Yours faithfully Prem Encl: Resume and Testimonials 12th CBSE Soluton_PAGE

12th CBSE Soluton_PAGE # 2

 

RESUME

Name

:

Prem Kumar

Father's Name

:

Shri V.M Kumar

Address

:

16, TT Nagar, Bhopal

Phone

:

(0755) 2342121

Date of birth

:

31 st December, 1982

Marital status

:

Married

Educational Qualification

:

M.Com (Hons.) from Kiwanis University, Jaipur

 

M.B.A from I.I.M Ahmedabad

Experience

:

Worked as a Senior Manager with Samsung Sales Co. for

 

two years i.e. from 2008 to 2011.

At present working with M/s Toshiba Internationals

as Chief Marketing Officer (since March 2012)

Salary expected

:

Rs. 60,000/- per month + Perks

Personal details

:

Height 5'10", Represented Rajasthan in State Level Football

Language known

:

English, Hindi, Marathi, German

References

:

1) Shri B.B. Gupta

Head of the Department of Commerce - Kiwanis University, Jaipur 2) Shri P.S Sharma Bank Manager-Bank of India, Kota Branch

6. Tourism in India by : Ravi Tourism plays a vital role in the economic development of a country. Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in India. The tourism industry employs a large number of people, both skilled and unskilled. It promotes national integration and international brotherhood. India has fascinated people from all over the world with her secularism and her culture. There are historical monuments, beaches, places of religious interests, hill resorts, etc. that attract tourists. Every region is identified with its handi craft, fairs, folk dances, music and its people. The Departments of Tourism promotes international and domestic tourism in the country. The Tourism Advisory Board recommends measures for promotion of tourist traffic in India. Indian tourism is adversely affected by terrorism, tours and pollution. Sincere efforts could help to further develop the Indian tourism industry. Tourism is one of the fastest growing industries of the world. It plays vital role in the economic development of a country. India is one of the popular tourist destination in Asia. Bounded by the Himalayan ranges in the north and surrounded, on three sides by water (Arabian sea, Bay of Bengal and Indian Ocean), India offers a wide array of places to see and things to do. The enchanting backwaters, hill stations and landscapes make India a beautiful country. Historical monuments, forts etc. add to the grandeur of the country. They attract tourists from all over the world. Tourism is the second largest foreign exchange earner in India. The tourism industry employs a large number of people, both skilled and unskilled. Hostels, travel agencies, transport includ ing airlines benefit a lot from this industry. Tourism promotes national integration and international un- derstanding. It generates foreign exchange. it promotes cultural activities. Tourism also promotes the traditional handicrafts sector. The tourist gets an insight into the rich and diverse cultural heritage of India. The diverse geographical locales of India delight the tourists. The monuments, museums, forts, sanctuaries, places of religious interest, palaces, etc. offer a treat to the eyes. Every region is identified with its handicrafts, fairs, folk dances, music and its people. Some of the places that attract a huge number of tourists are Agr, Jaipur, Jhansi, Hyderabad, Nalanda, Mysore, Delhi, Mahabaleshwar, Aurangabad etc. Hardwar, Ujjain, Shirdi, Varanasi, Allahabad, Puri, Ajmer, Amritsar, Vaishno Devi, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Rameshwaram etc. are places of religious importance. Srinagar, Kullu, Manali,Dehradun, Nainital, Darjeeling, Ooty etc. are famous hill resorts.

Srinagar, Kullu, Manali,Dehradun, Nainital, Darjeeling, Ooty etc. are famous hill resorts. 12th CBSE Soluton_PAGE # 3

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Section C - (Text Books and Long Reading Text)

7.

(A)

This extract has been taken from ëA Thing of Beautyí by John Keats.

(B)

We are despondent because the world is full of evils. There is a dearth of virtues in human beings.

There are evil emotions like hatred, jealousy etc and wicked crimes like theft, rape and murder.

(C)

Athing of beauty like trees, flowers, moon sun etc removes the covering of sorrow from our spirits. OR

(A)

The children referred to here are those ones who live in slums and who are deprived of of basic amenities.

(B)

Their world is confined to the slum only. They are born in the slums, spend thier lives in the streets

of the slum and then perish there.

(C)

These children are born in the slums and die there. They are different from other children in the

sense that they are robbed of the basic amenites of life which other children enjoy. These childrenís life

is spent in the cage of penury only; they do not get to enjoy rivers, capes and education.

8.

(A)

The poetís childhood fear was that she might one day lose her mother. The child is a afraid of its

separation from its mother; it does not want to lose its mother. The poet is experiencing the same

fear of losing oneís mother.

(B)

Man's sadness is formed out of his own actions and thinking. It is quite ironical that man who

understands so much fails to understand himself and his action. Rash actions prove harmful and disastrous. His rush and hurry causes trouble, Man is the creator of all disasters. He is always threatening himself with death because of his thoughts and actions. This is the tragedy of his life.

(C)

Aunt Jennifer's tigers are a picture of strength, beauty and certainty. They seem to be

jumping across a screen. They ''pace in sleek chivalric chivalric". They are confident and impressive. Aunt Jennifer is a weak, depressed and terrified person. Life has been a cup of woes for her. She is still in the grip of those ordeals and terrors that she faced and suffered from during her married life. Her fingers are so 'terrified' that they find it hard to pull even the ivory needle. Thus the contrast is amply highlighted.

9.

(A)

She longed for her brotherís affection because of his taciturnity. He was almost grown up now.

He spoke little. Words had to be extracted out of him like stones out of the ground. Sophie was jealous of his silence. She knew that when he was not speaking, he was away somewhere He was out in the surrounding country in those places she had never been. She wanted to share her brother's affection.

(B) She said that the whole year long, the stranger walked around. He was probably not welcome

or made to feel at home even at a single place. He was chased away wherever he turned. He was always afraid of being arrested and cross-examined. She ,wanted him to enjoy a day of peace with them-just one in the whole year.

(C) Saheb started working at a tea-stall now. He was unhappy with this job because he used to

enjoy rag-picking and searching out a coin from the heap of garbage. Now the tea kettle seemed

burdensome.

(D) The elders were sitting in the classroom because it was the last lesson in French by M.Hamel.

Now French would not be taught any longer. The elders attended the last class as they wanted to express their gratitude towards M. Hamel. Besides their hearts were anguished because they were going to lose their identity with their language.

(E) The Maharaja commanded the Dewan to double the land tax as that land had become devoid of

tiger population. The regionís running out of tiger population enreged the king and he issued orders regarding the doubling of land taxes.

tiger population enreged the king and he issued orders regarding the doubling of land taxes. 12th

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(F) Roger Skunk smelled very bad. No one wanted to be his friend because of disgustingly

foul smell. He wanted to get rid of this smell. Therefore, he went to the owl to seek help.

(G) She was in tears because her hair was being chopped off. When she heard them remove one

of her thick braids, she lost her spirit. She had suffered utmost indignities there. People had stared at

her. She had been tossed about in the air like a wooden puppet and now her long hair was shingled

like a

ittle animals driven by a herder.

coward's. In her anguish, she moaned for her mother. She felt herself as one of the many l

10. The Champaran episode is considered to be the beginning of the Indian struggle for Indepen dence because the farmers who had until now put up with the oppression of the Britishers rose for their rights and a kind of revival for freedom swept the people through this.

Gandhi started by trying to get together all the facts and met with resistance from the British. When he failed to comply with the orders of the British which were to return midway when on a visit to investigate the maltreatment of a peasant in a village near Motihari, the capital of Champaran, he received summons to report to court the following morning. The town of Motihari was crowded next morning with peasants who had heard of what Gandhi was trying to achieve and of what he had achieved in South Africa. This spontaneous demonstration around the courthouse was the beginning of the end of their fear of the British. The inability of the officials to control the masses led to the trial being postponed and the British officials had to request Gandhi to intervene.

The court trial led to delays and indecision and in the meantime Gandhi roamed free. Rajendra Prasad, Brij Kishor Babu, Maulana Mazharul Huq and other prominent lawyers arrived in Champaran to confer with Gandhi. It was decided after deliberations that they would all be willing to go to jail if Gandhi was sent to jail. They were divided into pairs and it was decided what order was to be followed in case the occasion to go to jail arose. However very soon Gandhi received a writtencommunication informing him that the Governor General of the province had dropped the case and this marked the first triumph of civil disobedience in Northern India.

OR

During his meeting with the General, Dr Sadao told him about the man he had operated on successfully. He explained that he cared nothing for the man. The General appreciated his skill and efficiency and promised that he would not be arrested.

The General thought it quite unfortunate that the man had been washed up to Dr Sadao's doorstep and thought it best if he could be quietly killed. He promised to send his private assassins to do so and remove his dead body. He suggested that Dr Sadao should leave the outer partition of the white man's room to the garden open at night. It is evident that the General had no human consideration in this matter. For him an enemy was an enemy and must be wiped out. He wanted the man to be eliminated silently to save the doctor from being arrested. It was neither lack of national loyalty nor dereliction of duty that guided and inspired his decision. It was simply his sense of self-absorption. He wanted to keep Dr Sadao safe only for his own sake. He had no faith in the other Germany trained doctors. He might have to be operated upon anytime when he had another attack and he had full faith in the skill and loyalty of Dr Sadao only.

This fact is further corroborated by the General's remarks to Dr Sadao, one week after the emergency operation upon the General. Dr Sadao informed him that the man had escaped. The General asked whether he had not promised Sadao that he would kill the man for him. Dr Sadao replied that he had done nothing. The General admitted that he had forgotten his promise as he had been suffering a great deal and he thought of nothing but himself. He revealed the whole truth. He admitted that it was careless of him to have forgotten his promise. But added that it was not lack of patriotism or dereliction of duty on his part.

11. Ans. The theme of this play is the consequences of physical impairment on the affected person's body, mind and soul. The actual pain and inconvenience caused by the disabilities is often much less than the sense of alienation felt by the disabled person.People think that a person who has lost an organ or suffered some deformity such as a disfigured face should either be confined to the hospital or allowed to move in the company of people having the same disability. We do not not approve of this idea as it will create a strange sort of world. The attitude of persons towards the victims of accidents or disasters needs complete change. They must be considerate and thoughtful They must appreciate the efforts of the physically challenged persons to overcome their disability and compete

the efforts of the physically challenged persons to overcome their disability and compete 12th CBSE Soluton_PAGE

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with others. We can have NGOs working to uphold the cause of the disabled. We should work through the media to change the attitude of people towards the disabled. We should not shrink away from giving company to such people and motivating them to realize their potential like hellen Keller.

12. When Holmes makes this remark to Watson, he is referring to the link provided by the portrait of Hugo Baskerville that Stapleton is also a descendant of the Baskerville family. And being a descendant of his family he has set his eyes on the Baskerville estate. This vital link between Stapleton and the portrait on the wall makes clear the motive behind the criminal activities of Stapleton. First, Stapleton took advan- tage of the superstition of the Hound and scared Sir Charles deliberately to death. And then, when he came to know about Sir Henry as the next heir, he started stalking him right from London. He got his shoe stolen to provide his scent to the Hound and then befriended him so that he could keep a close watch on Sir Henry. He also used his wife, whom the rogue called his sister, to lure Sir Henry into a relationship.Although Holmes suspected Stapleton, yet he could not establish the motive. Therefore he didn't have a solid case to present before the court of law. But now the portrait of Hugo Baskerville and its resemblance to Stapleton had made the whole story clear in the mind of Sherlock Holmes. Thus it had supplied him the most obvious link, which was missing so far.

13. Mr Frankland is the miserly and indifferent father of Laura Lyons. Frankland is a man who likes to sue, a sort of comic relief with a chip on his shoulder about every infringement on what he sees as his rights. Villainized due to his one-time harsh treatment of Laura, Frankland is for the most part a laughable jester in the context of this story.

Mr.Frankland is a man who plays as the suspects of story in which is questioned many times about the incident in the home. Frankland is the man that likes to sue, and is often called a ìcomic relief ìto many readers. He is also convicted of counts of criminal records but is for the most part a laughing stock. The novelist himself describes him thus:

ìHe is an elderly man, red-faced, white- haired, and choleric. His passion is for the British law, and he has spent a large fortune in litigation. ì - Page 104 Chapter 8

So we can conclude that Old Frankland is an old man who lives on the moor and enjoys causing legal trouble for his neighbors through frivolous lawsuits. A natural voyeur who uses his telescope to spy on others,

neighbors through frivolous lawsuits. A natural voyeur who uses his telescope to spy on others, 12th

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