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SRM UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY SCHOOL OF ELECTRONICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT OF Telecommunication Engineering COURSE

PLAN Course Code Course Title Year& Semester Course Time Location Faculty Details Section Name A&B Mrs. S. Murugaveni : TE0301 : Antennas and wave propagation : III & V semester : Odd semester (July November 2012) : SRM University - Tech Park

Office Tech park (13 Floor)

Mail id murugaveni.s@ktr.srmuniv.ac.in

Required Text Books:

Antennas and Wave Propagation - J.D. Kraus, RJ. Marhefka and Ahmad S. Khan. TMH, New Delhi, 4'h ed., (Special Indian Edition), 2010. A.R.Harish, M.Sachidanada, Antennas and Wave propagation, Oxford University Press, 2007.22 .C.Jordan E and Balmain, Electromagnetic waves and Radiating Systems, Pearson Education / PHI, 2006 E.C.Jordan and Balmain, "Electro Magnetic Waves and Radiating Systems", PHI, 1968, Reprint2003. Ballany , "Antenna Theory " , John Wiley & Sons, second edition , 2003 Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating Systems- E.C. Jordan and K.G. Bahrain. PHI, 2nd e d., 2000 John D.Kraus, Ronald J Marhefka and Ahmad S Khan, Antennas for all Applications, Tata McGraw-Hill Book Company, 3 ed, 2007. Constantine A. Balanis, Antenna Theory Analysis and Design, John Wiley, 2nd Edition 2007. G.S.N.Raju"Antenna Wave Propagation, Pearson Education, 2004. W.L Stutzman and G.A. Thiele, Antenna analysis and design, John Wiley, 2000

Web Resources: www.wikipedia.org, www.web.cs.wpi.edu , www.cyut.edu.tu , www.erg.dbdn.ac.uk , www.networkworld.com Prerequisite: Electromagnetics Field Theory OBJECTIVES

On completion of this module, students should be able to: Appreciate the fundamentals of antenna theory and the propagation factors that govern the design and operation of modern wireless communication systems; Analyse the radiation patterns from different types of antenna including microstrip and patch; analyse antenna arrays Understand various modes of propagation and how these are affected by climate; develop link budgets; Understand how diversity, adaptive beamforming, etc., can enhance the performance of a communication system

Assessment Details Cycle Test I : 10 Marks Cycle Test II : 10 Marks Model Exam : 20 Marks Test Schedule (tentative) S.No. 1 2 3 DATE

Surprise Test I : 5 Marks Attendance : 5 Marks

TEST Cycle Test - I Cycle Test - II Model Exam

TOPICS

All 5 units

DURATION 2 Periods 2 Periods 3 Hrs

Outcomes Students who have successfully completed this course Course outcome To study various antennas, arrays and radiation patterns of antennas. To learn the basic working of antennas To understand various techniques involved in various antenna parameter measurements. To understand the radio wave propagation in the atmosphere Program outcome The student will understand the different types of antennas and also its application. The mode of propagation is well understood . Structure of atmosphere is well understood.

Detailed Session Plan ANTENNA FUNDAMENTALS & RADIATION FIELDS OF ANTENNAS Isotropic Radiation, Power density and Intensity, Gain, Directive gain, Directivity, Effective area, Reciprocity theorem, Antenna efficiency, Radiation resistance, Terminal impedance, Beam width and Bandwidth. Concept of vector potential, Modification of time varying and retarded case, Fields associated with hertzian dipole, Power radiated and radiation resistance of current element, Radiation from half wave dipole. Session No. 1 2 Topics to be covered Introduction to antenna definition, examples Antenna Parameters : Isotropic Radiation, Radiation intensity, Directive gain, Directivity, Power gain Effective area, Antenna efficiency Radiation resistance, Terminal impedance, Beam width and Bandwidth. Reciprocity theorem - proof Concept of vector potential Modification of time varying and retarded case Fields associated with hertzian dipole Power radiated and radiation resistance of current element Ref 1,2,5 1,2,5 Teaching Method BB BB Testing Method Discussion Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self -test questions Self test questions Self -test questions Self -test questions Self -test questions Self -test questions

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Radiation from half wave dipole Problems

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Group discussion

ANTENNA ARRAYS Introduction to broadside array, End fire array, Collinear array, Parasitic arrays. Arrays of two point sources, Arrays of N sources for End fire and Broadside arrays, Pattern multiplication, Binomial arrays, frequency scanned arrays. 13 Introduction to array, linear array and uniform linear array, 1 BB Discussion 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23. 24 Various forms of arrays - Broad side array, End fire array, collinear array and parasitic array explanation Array of two point sources - introduction Array of two point sources : Equal amplitude and in phase Array of two point sources : Equal amplitude and Opposite Phase Array of two point sources : Unequal amplitude and any phase Pattern multiplication Array of N Linear point sources Array of N sources- Analysis of End fire array Array of N sources- Analysis of Broadside array Binomial Arrays Frequency scanned array 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB BB Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions Self test questions

ANTENNAS & APPLICATIONS Traveling wave antenna, Loop antenna, Horn antenna, Reflector antenna, Log periodic antenna, YagiUda antenna, Helical antenna, Microstrip antenna, introduction to smart antenna , Null Steering, Direction of arrival & Beam forming introduction. 25 Introduction to basic antennas : Hertz and Marconi antenna 1,2,5 BB Discussion 26 Traveling wave antenna 1,2,5 BB Self test questions 27 Loop antenna 1,2,5 BB /Demo Self test questions 28 Horn antenna 1,2,5 BB / Demo Self test 29 Reflector antenna parabolic reflector 1,2,5 BB / Demo Self test questions 30 Log periodic antenna 1,2,5 BB / Demo Self test questions 31 Yagi- Uda antenna 1,2,5 BB / Demo Self test questions 32 Helical antenna 1,2,5 BB / Demo Self test questions 33 Micro strip antenna 1,2,5 BB / Demo Self test questions 34 Introduction to smart antenna, 1,2,5 BB Self test questions 35 Null steering concept, Direction of arrival 1,2,5 BB Self test questions 36 Beam forming introduction 1,2,5 BB Self test questions ANTENNA MEASUREMENTS Impedance, Gain, Radiation pattern, Beam width, Radiation Resistance, Antenna Efficiency, Directivity, Polarization and Phase Measurements. 37 Antenna measurements an introduction , types of 1 BB Discussion

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measurement Impedance measurement Gain measurement Radiation pattern measurement Radiation resistance measurement Antenna efficiency measurement Directivity measurement Polarization measurement Beamwidth measurement Phase Measurement

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WAVE PROPAGATION Modes of propagation, Structure of atmosphere, Ionosphere layers, Mechanism of bending of waves, Effect of earths Magnetic field on Radio wave propagation. Virtual height, MUF, OWF, Skip distance, Ionosphere abnormalities, Multi-hop propagations, Super refraction, Space wave propagation. 47 Modes of propagation, - Overview 1 BB Discussion 48 Fundamental equation for free space propagation 1 BB Self test questions 49 Ground wave Propagation 1 BB Self test questions 50 Sky wave propagation - Structure of atmosphere 1 BB Self test questions 51 Ionosphere Layers 52 Ionospheric propagation 1 BB Self test questions 53 Mechanism of bending of waves 1 BB Self test questions 54 Effect of earths Magnetic field on Radio wave propagation. 1 BB Self test questions 55 Virtual height, Skip distance 1 BB Self test questions 56 MUF and OWF 1 BB Self test questions 57 Ionosphere abnormalities 1 BB Self test questions 58 Multi-hop propagations 1 BB Self test questions 59 Space wave propagation, Super refraction. 1 BB Self test questions 60 Super refraction or Duct propagation 1 BB Self test questions BB Black Board Ref 1,2, 3 indicates the books to be referred