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InterLink

The new comprehensive family of trunk SDH radio

5 DAYS TRAINING SCHEDULE INTERLINK TRAINING COURSE


Day / Time
0830 - 0930 0930 - 0950 0950 - 1050 1100 - 1200 1200 - 1300 1300 - 1350 1400 - 1500

1
Introduction to SDH Theory Tea Break SDH Theory System Overview Lunch System Overview System Overview

2
Element Configuration Tea Break Element Configuration Element Configuration Lunch Element Configuration Element Configuration

3
Transceiver

4
Supervisory & RPS Tea Break Supervisory & RPS Interface Board Lunch Interface Board Service Board

5
Auxilliary Board

Tea Break Transceiver Transceiver Lunch Modem Modem

Tea BreaK NEW NMS NEW NMS Lunch NEW NMS Misc

SDH THEORY

SDH Frame
Frame Header + Payload = Synchronous Transport Module (STM) SOH - Section Overhead Synchronisation, supervision and maintenance Payload Path signals (PDH, IP, ATM)

SDH Frame Structure

Use of SOH is implemented according to ITU-T G.707 Each byte in SOH is 64kb/s channel Some SOH byte used for framing, performance monitoring & internal signalling Others unused bytes used for 64kb/s user channels, 2Mb/s wayside, SVCE telephone or DCC

SDH Multiplexing Structure

SOH - Section Overhead

SOH - Section Overhead


A1: A2: J0: B1: B2:

Frameword (11110110) Frameword (00101000) Regenerator Section Trace BIP-8 checksum for RST BIP-24 checksum for MST

3 bytes in RSOH (MS#1, MS#2 and MS#3) are used for radio specific purposes:

MS#1: MS#2: MS#3:

Radio Protection Switching control Radio Protection Switching control RF-id, remote reset, ATPC and E/M-wire for E1, E2 and F1

Other SOH-bytes

E1-byte: F1-byte:

Orderwire User channel, V.11 or G.703 interface optional

D1-D3 bytes: Embedded control channel - Regenerator (ECC-R) D4-D12 bytes:Embedded control channel - Multiplexer (ECC-M) E2-byte: K1/K2: MS-RDI: S1 (b5-b8): M1-byte: B1/B2-byte: Orderwire available when MS-termination is used APS signalling (not used in the radio relay equipment) Multiplex Section - Remote Defect Indication Synchronisation Status Message Multiplex Section - Remote Error Identifier (MS-REI) BIP-8 / BIP-24

A1/A2-byte: Frameword H1-H3 bytes: Pointer

Section Layers

MST - Multiplexer Section Termination (DXC, ADM, TM) RST - Regenerator Section Termination (RT, RR, OR) MS - Multiplexer Section RS - Regenerator Section

Radio Systems Regenerator Sections

Optical fibre

STM-n Mux

RRT
T-T NNI Radio terminal RS RS

RRR
Radio regenerator RS MS

RRT
T-T NNI Radio terminal RS

STM-n Mux

The Radio Relay is normally configured for RST, avoiding the need for synchronisation as all bearers and directions are independent and transparent for the multiplexers synchronisation.

Path Layers

Regenerator Section Termination (RST)

With this configuration, equipment will monitor and re-generate B1 pulses. M1 REI & B2 pulses will only be monitored. Synchronisation:

Normal Situation

Radio transmitting direction : STM-1 signal derived from line side Radio receiving direction : STM-1 signal derived from radio side Both directions : Internal 2.048MHz oscillator (AIS insert indication.

Failure

Multiplexer Section Termination (MST)


With this configuration, equipment will monitor and re-generate B1, M1-REI & B2 pulses.

Synchronisation
Normal Situation
Radio transmitting direction : STM-1 signal derived from line side Radio receiving direction : STM-1 signal derived from radio side

Failure
Both directions : Internal 2.048 Mhz oscillator (AIS insert indication)

Technical Specifications

Main parameters

SDH, STM-1 (155 Mb/s) Broad RF frequency coverage 4 11GHz RF channel bandwidth & Modulation method

STM-1 STM-1

~ 30 MHz RF spacing 40 MHz RF spacing

128TCM 64TCM

Build-in Radio Protection Switching system

Frequency Bands
Frequency band
3.6 - 4.2 GHz 4.4 - 5.0 GHz 5.9 - 6.4 GHz 6.4 - 7.1 GHz 7.1 - 7.7 GHz 7.7 - 8.3 GHz 10.7 - 11.7 GHz

Channel spacing
29/40 MHz 30/40 MHz 29.65 MHz 40 MHz 28 MHz 29.65 MHz 40 MHz

Comments
ITU-R F.382/F.635 ITU-R F.1099 ITU-R F.383 ITU-R F.384 ITU-R F.385 ITU-R F.386 ITU-R F-387

Technical Data
System Gain

System Gain in dB between Pt B & B (BER = 10E-3)

Technical Data - RF Parameters


Frequency band [GHz] Modulation [TCM] RF Channel Spacing [MHz] Transmitted Power [dBm] (B) Receiver Threshold BER 10-6 [dBm] (B) System Gain BER 10-6 (B-B) Dynamic Range [dB] ATPC Range [dB] Power Supply [VDC] Power Consumption 4 128/64 29.65/40 +29 -69/-72 98/101 5 128/64 30/40 +29 -69/-72 98/101 L6 128 29.65 +29 -69 98 U6 64 40 +29 -72 101 70 >15 -48 Average 108 W for 1+0/203 W for Hot Standby 7 128 28 +28 -68 96 8 128 29.65 +28 -68 96 11 64 40 +26 -71 97

Technical Data - Interfaces


Frequency band [GHz] Line Interface 4 5 L6 U6 7 8 11 STM-1 electrical / 75 Ohm G.703 / DIN47297 1.0/2.3 mm STM-1 optical / S-1.1 G957/ LC connector OC-3 optical / SR-0 multimode / MT-RJ connector Tributary Interface (planned) Auxiliary traffic 21 x 2 Mb/s / 120 ohm G.703 / Multiconnector 3 x 34 or 3 x 45 / 75 ohm G.703 / DIN47297 1.0/2.3 mm 2 Mb/s wayside / 120 ohm G.703/ RJ-45 4x64 kb/s / G.703-V.11 / Multiconnector IP traffic (10Base-T <> ECC <> 10Base-T) Management LCT port / RS-232 (DTE) / 9 pin D-sub male 10BaseT / IEEE802.3 / RJ-45 2 x Network Interface/ RS-485 / 9 pin D-sub female

Technical Data - Technical Parameters


Frequency band [GHz] 1+0/1+1/2+0 system (W)x(D)x(H) 2+1/3+1/4+0 system (W)x(D)x(H) Temperature range Weights (1+1) Rack type 4 5 L6 U6 7 8 11

One sub-rack 535 mm x 300 mm x 500 mm Two sub-racks total 535 mm x 300 mm x 500 mm Indoor mounted -5C to +50C 25 kg 19 or ETSI 600mm

Technical data - Management


Standardized use of the ECC according to ITU-T Rec. G.784 Interface for local and sub-network management, Nera proprietary protocol (Q1):

LCT interface: RS-232, Ethernet interface : 10BaseT Network interface (NI): RS-485

Built-in IP routing (OSPF) - Ethernet <> DCC channel NEW-NMS - Nera NMS/LCT for configuration and radio network management. (Standard PC running Windows)

Technical Data - Management Functions

Fault management

Current alarms Alarm log - 10 000 events

Performance management

Performance records based on G.826 parameters

B1, M1 and B2 - 15 min, 24 hour and month records current and last 24 hour, current and last month, current and last sixteen 15 min.

Security management

User name and password Security log - 1000 events

Concept

Compact SDH radio-relay transmission system STM-1 capacity Indoor Mounted

InterLink
a new concept

Compact modular concept for ETSI or 19 racks


Easy expansion

Up to 8 TRX per rack

Flexible configurations

Plug-in STM-1 interface to 7+1 Space diversity Co-channel operation

1+0

Powerful management solutions

Mechanical Layout
1+1 Terminal Subrack with branching and small connection panel Transceivers and plug-in units Front cover

Mechanical layout

3+1 Terminal Two subracks with branching and large connection panel Transceivers and plug-in units Front cover

Principal block diagram InterLink


Z' Modulator E' Transmitter A' RF Tx Filter TRANSMITTER PATH B' Branching Network(*) C' D'

Feeder

Feeder

Branching Network(*)

RF Rx Filter

A Receiver

E Demodulator

MAIN RECEIVER PATH (**) DD Cc Branching Network(*) BB RF Rx Filter AA Receiver

Feeder

DIVERSITY RECEIVER PATH

(*) no filtering included (**) connection at IF A 155, 45, 34 or 21x2 Mbit/s interface is used at points Z & Z'

PABX conn. Svc. Ph. Ext. conn.

Alarm I inputs

Relay outputs

64 kb/s chls

Analogoue

System block diagram


STM-1, 1+1 TERMINAL
RS232, PC Ctrl.

Auxiliary Services Board


2 Mb/s Wayside

SVCE Board
Ctrl.

Ctrl.

Supervisory Board

LAN V.11 NI RS232, PC

Ctrl.

Ctrl.

Ctrl.

155.520 Mb/s

155.520 Mb/s Modem Board Channel 1

IF Transceiver MT comm. IF

RF Branching

Interface Baseband Board

155.520 Mb/s

RF Transceiver

Modem Board Channel P

MT comm. Power Filtering Board x 2 Alarm Display & Relay Board

InterLink Radio Relay


LAN NI LCT Connection to SDH Network PABX EOW 4x64kb AAU LAN

Supervision

Service channel

Aux.

Supervision

LCT NI

DXC/ ADM

STM-1 Tributary Module

Modem STM-1

Radio Tx/Rx

Radio Tx/Rx

Modem STM-1

STM-1 Tributary Module

STM-1 Electrical/ Optical

Modem STM-1

Radio Tx/Rx

Radio Tx/Rx

Modem STM-1

LCT = Local Craft Terminal NI = Network Interface (Nera proprietary)

Hardware

Overview

Rack Layout, 1+1


10
INTFC A A B C D

9
INTFC A

8
INTFC A

7
INTFC A

6
INTFC A

5
INTFC A

4
INTFC A A B C D

Transceiver CHP
WARNING POWER WARNING POWER

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

User interface area SVCE/Auxillary Bd. SVCE/Auxillary SVCE/Auxillary Bd. SVCE/Auxillary Bd. Power Unit 1 LCT1 connection

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

Transceiver CH1 Modem bd. CHP Modem bd. CH1 Interface bd.CH1
TRANSCEIVER TRANSCEIVER

PWR ON ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

OFF

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

MODEM BD
- GND + -

MODEM BD

TRANSCEIVER POWER CONNECTIONS TB2 TB3 IC1


GND +

INTERFACE BASEBAND BD

SUPERVISORY BD

- GND+ -

AUXILLARY BD
GND +

SVCE BD

SVCE BD
S1
ON 1 2

AUXILLARY BD

Power Unit 2
PWR ON OFF

Supervisory board External connections/ transceiver power

J1 (EXT CON)

J2 (SU TEST)

Connection panel, smaller systems


INTFC A
A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A
A

PHONE5 PHONE4

CRIT

10

ALMS
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3

B LAN (TP)

NC PWR 2

PWR WARN 1

MAJ MIN

2 1
D D NI1

PWR1

User Interface area

INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B


INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT
LAN (AUI)

+ -

NI2

PWR2

INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C


+
INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT
LCT2

10
1 2 3A 3B 3C 3D 3E 3F 3G 3H 4A 4B 4C 4D 4E 4F 4G 4H

3 (SU) 1 (PWR1)

Board interconnection area


0 (ALMS)

2 (PWR2)

IF-connectors to/from transceivers

10

X Y Z

TRANSCEIVER POWER CONNECTIONS TB2 TB3 IC1


EEPROM

S1

J1 (EXT CON)

J2 (SU TEST)

External connections & transceiver power connections

- +

- +

External connections
Slot numbering Data input/output connections, (board dependent) Data input/output connections, coaxial (board dependent) 34/45 Mb/s 10 9 8 7 6 5 4

Phone (slot position 5) Phone (slot position 4) Alarm output connections LAN (TP) Power 1 Power 2 NI 1

STM-1 Subrack address Eeprom for inventory data Internal power distribution for transceivers
TB 2 TB 3

LCT 2 User interface area NI 2 8 external alarm inputs SU test-connector (serial)


EEPROM

S1 J1

J2

External connections & transceiver power connections

Rack Layout, larger systems


SUB RACK 1

Transceiver rack

21
INTFC A
A

20
INTFC A

19
INTFC A

18
INTFC A

17
INTFC A

16
INTFC A

15
INTFC A

14
INTFC A

13
INTFC A

12
INTFC A

11
INTFC A

10
INTFC A

9
INTFC A

8
INTFC A

7
INTFC A

6
INTFC A

5
INTFC A

4
INTFC A
A

0
PHONE5 PHONE4
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3
MAJ MIN CR IT

ALMS

NC

PWR 2

LAN (TP)

PWR 1

WARN

2 1
PWR1

NI1

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT NI2

+ -

PWR2

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
+
INPUT OUTPUT LCT2

21
1 2 3A 3B 3C 3D 3E 3F 3G 3H 4A 4B 4C

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

3 (SU) 1 (PWR1)

0 (ALMS)

2 (PWR2)
4D 4E 4F 4G 4H

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

X Y Z

TRANSCEIVER POWER CONNECTIONS TB2 TB3 IC1 S1 J1 (EXT CON) J2 (SU TEST)

- +

- +

File: NL2000 mekanikk.dsf

Date: 12.05.00

Rev. I

SUB RACK 2

Modem, baseband & power distribution rack

Connection panel, larger systems, sub rack 2


INTFC A
A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A

INTFC A
A

PHONE5 PHONE4

CRIT

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

ALMS
1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3 1 2 3

B LAN (TP)

NC PWR 2

PWR 1

WARN

MAJ MIN

2 1
D D NI1 PW R1

INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B


INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B


INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B INTFC B


INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC B INTFC B
INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT LAN (AUI) NI2

+ -

User Interface area


PWR2

INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C


INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C


INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C INTFC C


+
INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT INPUT OUTPUT LCT2

21
1 2 3A 3B 3C 3D 3E 3F 3G 3H 4A 4B 4C

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

3 (SU) 1 (PWR1)

0 (ALMS)

Board interconnection area

2 (PWR2)
4D 4E 4F 4G 4H

21

20

19

18

17

16

15

14

13

12

11

10

X Y Z

TRANSCEIVER POWER CONNECTIONS TB2 TB3 IC1 S1 J1 (EXT CON) J2 (SU TEST)

External connections & transceiver power connections

a 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6
X

b
X

External connections
G.703, Ch1 V.11, Ch2

Byte V.11 (Tx/Rx), Ch2


X X

G.703, Ch3 V.11, Ch4

Data Input/output Connectors (multipurpose Connectors; board dependent) Service Board wo/PABX (2KNF232B-1)
Co Directional, G.703 Contra Directional, G.703 V.11 X Input Signal Output Signal GND Not Connected

Byte V.11 (Tx/Rx), Ch4


X X X X X X X X

Other Equipment Control EOW Call 4W, E/M-Wire GND GND

GND
X X

Ext. Loudsp. signal & GND Ext. Tlf. Tip & Ring GND

a 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6

External connections
Data Input/output Connectors (multipurpose Connectors; board dependent)
Future options

Line Interface Board (2NCS590x-xx)

= 2 Mb/s wayside

2 Mb/s Wayside Future options

.
x

= Output signal = Input signal

Coaxial Cable
-10 dBm
1.9 MHz 4.75 MHz 140 MHz

-10 dBm
350 MHz

frequency

MT-com signal to IDU

IF-signal to IDU IF-signal to ODU

MT-com signal to ODU

System Overview Rack Layout

Example of ETSI Rack Arrangement

1+0 Terminal(s), 1 Polarisation, incl. Space Diversity


System layout Main
(rear) Aux Subrack (optional)

Dir1 SD
(front)

Branching without filter and WG layout (typical)


(front)

Dir2 SD Main
(rear) (rear)

Subrack A
10
INTFC A

9
INTF C A

8
INTFC A

7
INTFC A

6
INTF C A

5
INTFC A

4
INTFC A

A B

A B

C D
IN TF C B
INPUT OUTPUT

C D
IN TF C B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN T FC B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN T FC B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN TF C B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN T FC B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN T FC B
INPUT OUTPUT

Ch1
WARNING POWER

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTP UT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTP UT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTP UT

Subrack B

Ch1

Ch1

PWR ON ALM ALM ALM ALM

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

OFF

Dir2
TRANSCEIVER

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

INTERFACE BASEBAND BD
TRANSCEIVER POWER CONNECTIONS TB2 TB3
GND

SUPERVISORY BD

Dir2

Dir2

MODEM BD

SVCE BD

IC1
+

S1
ON 1 2

J1 (EXT CON)

J2 (SU TEST)

+ -

GND

GND +

GND

Subrack C

(front)

(front)

(rear)

1+1/2+0 Terminal(s), 1 Polarisation, incl. Space Diversity

10
INTFC A

9
INTFC A

8
INTFC A

7
INTFC A

6
INTFC A

5
INTF C A

4
INTFC A

A B C

A B C D

ChP
WARNING POWER

Ch1
WARNING POWER

IN T F C B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN T F C B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN T F C B
INPUT OUTP UT

IN TF C B
INPUT OUTP UT

IN TF C B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN TF C B
INPUT OUTPUT

IN TF C B
INPUT OUTP UT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

IN TFC C
INPUT OUTP UT

INTFC C
INPUT OUTPUT

ChP

Ch1

Ch1

PWR ON ALM ALM ALM ALM ALM

Dir1
TRANSCEIVER

Dir1
TRANSCEIVER

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

PWR

OFF

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

RMV RST

SUPERVISORY BD

Dir1

TRANSCEIVER POWER CONNECTIONS TB2 TB3


GND

Dir1

Dir1

MODEM BD

MODEM BD
+ GND

SVCE BD

INTERFACE BASEBAND BD
IC1 S1
ON 1 2

PWR ON

OFF

J1 (EXT CON)

J2 (SU TEST)

- GND + - GND +

1+1/2+0 Terminal(s), 2 Polarisation, incl. Space Diversity


System layout Dir1, H(V) Main SD
(rear) (front)

Branching without filter and WG layout (typical)


(front)

Dir1, V(H) SD Main


(rear) (rear)

Aux Subrack (optional)

PWR ON

PWR ON

OFF

OFF

Subrack C

Subrack B

Subrack A

(front)

(front)

(rear)

Element

Configuration

Introduction

Plug Plug& &Play Play Full Fullrange rangemanagement management Configuration Configuration Fault Fault Performance Performance Security Security SNMP SNMP& &Internet Internet

Nera Element View (NEW)


Fully compliant 32-bits Windows application 2 Versions


NEW-Configurator

NEW-NMS

System Requirement
New Configurator : Win 98, Win NT 4.0 or Win 2000 NEW NMS : Win NT or Win 2000

NEW CONFIGURATOR

Only for Configuration and Monitoring Purposes Typical network management not supported
Database Map

logging

View

System Requirement
New Configurator : Win 98, Win NT 4.0 or Win 2000 NEW NMS : Win NT or Win 2000

General

Designed to perform network management functions Used to control one Network Element / managed an entire network Graphical User Interface Follows a Plug & Play philosophy with network autodiscovery capability using configuration data in NE to build managed network.
Automatically send a broadcast message for discovery of

NEs
NE will response back with identifications and topology

information.

General

Communicates with managed elements via


Serial RS-232 Port TCP/IP

Communication Principals
Communications with NEs in Q&A fashion.

Configuration Management
Configuration Management
Automatic configuration of networks based on information in NEs Create or delete Network Elements Inspect and modify Network Elements and network configuration Initialising of equipment equipment. Setup associations and execute actions Configuration templates for easy set up of new NEs Remote Control Upload of NE configuration to NEW_NMS and storing in file Download of configuration file to network elements

Configuration Management

Test facilities like loop-backs, PRBS insert and CRC checks Clock synchronization, manual or scheduled. Software download Resetting Disgnose Inventory, H/W and Software version ATPC

Configuration Management

NL2000 tree view Housekeeping with physical or schematic view

Configuration management

Software versions

Unit inventory

Software download

Configuration download Configuration upload

System Configuration (1)

System Configuration (2)

System Configuration (3)

System Configuration (4)

System Configuration (5)

System Configuration (6)

System configuration (7)

System configuration (8)

System Configuration (9)

System change detection

System Configuration (10)

Detection of new board

Fault Management

Fault Management
Contains functions for acquisition, presentation and storage of alarms and events from networks to be managed. Functionality based on the following ITU-T Recommendations: X.733 - Alarm Reporting Function X.734 - Event Report Management Function X.735 - Log Control Function Q.821 - Alarm Surveillance

Fault Management

Following Standard Given:


Alarm acquisition in the form of receiving event and alarm

notifications

Present alarm in logical manner. Discriminate between equipment related alarm and traffic affecting alarms. For traffic affecting alarms direction, channel and equipment unit is given Alarm severity level classification Alarm blocking (masking) Event Log storage (Log control based on X.735) Report functions for the historical alarm and event log External alarms Alarm on analogue monitoring threshold crossing, like received input level etc. Real time Graphic display and alphanumeric alarm lists including alarm class, time stamp

Fault Management

NE Alarm Edit Status

NE Alarm Log

Current Alarm Status

Performance Management

Performance Management

Performance monitoring according to G.826 Retrieve and display contents of performance Data collection intervals 15 min, day and month Suspend / resume data collection Initialise / reset performance monitoring data Parity and Viterbi Error measurements Analogue measurements:

Graphical and numerical presentation of analogue values for NEs Receiver Input level statistics

Performance Management

Performance Records

Analog readings

Cumulative counters

Security Management

Security Management
Handles security partly by means of security functions in NEW_NMS and partly by access control by the NEs and supports the main security features of ITU Recommendations:

X.736 X.740 X.741 X.800 User names User Groups with several levels of privileges Passwords for both user and group Logging of user activity

System Control Security by


Security Management
4 levels of Privileges

Passive Users - Only able to monitor data. Not able to collect data or change network configuration Active Users - Able to collect data and change some communication settings but not commands that make unrecoverable configuration changes Master Users - Have access to all NEW commands except those attended with user account adminstration Admin Users - Have access to all NEW commands. Administrator and will be responsible for adding, deleting and managing user accounts and privileges

Radio Networking

Radio Networking

To obtain centralised management points in network. Realised by Addressing Scheme, SW Settings & Physical Connections.

Addressing Scheme:
Element Address = Section number. NE number

SW settings:
Communication ports and routing table

Physical connection:
Radio, cable

Communication Ports - DCC

NE communication via dedicated bytes in SOH

DCC - Data communication channel Radio direction (DCCR) and line direction (DCCL) available The communication ports are different interfaces for interconnecting different NEs to form a management network.

Configuration Setting (1)

DCC ports are used to interconnect Network Elements through the SOH of the SDH traffic. DCC Line DCC Radio Network Interface (NI) Ethernet IP Tunneling For InterLink ONLY, up to three different management communication channels can be used while one DCC channel can be used for each Radio direction. The traffic channel where the DCC is inserted on DCC Line is limited system configuration. DCC port is always enabled on Radio Direction.

Configuration Setting (2)

InterLink routing the DCC-channel in three line directions via the Interface Baseband Board. Especially useful in bigger SDH system or when using networking without NI cabling.

Configuration Setting - NI (3)

NI ports are used to interconnect Network Elements through electrical cables. Electrical Interface of NI is V.11

Communication Ports - LCT


LCT - Local Craft Terminal RS-232 port for management communication

Network of NE managed via LCT

Configuration Setting (4)

Baud Rate setting for RS-232 communication

Note : Changing of baud Rate on LCT interface will make you lose contact with NE until reconfiguration of NEW NMS baud Rate

Communication Ports - Ethernet


Interfacing Nera Radio Equipment to Local Area Network Radio networking & remote management possibilities

Configuration Setting (5)

Ethernet Port needs to be enabled to be managed using IP

IP Address, Subnet Mask & Default gateway to be provided

Communication Ports - IP Tunneling

Radio Networking via LAN based on TCP/IP.

Configuration Setting -IP Tunneling (6)

1 or 2 tunnels can be created. Remote IP address as input parameter. Element address will be updated automatically. Setup is only required at one side of the tunnel.

Section & NE Addressing

Section & NE Addressing


Section 1 DCC
NI 1 NI 1

Section 2 DCC

CityLink (1,1)

CityLink (1,2)

CityLink NI 2 (2,1)

CityLink (2,2)

Section 3 DCC
NI 1 NI 1 NI 1

Section 4 DCC

InterLink (3,1)

InterLink (3,2)

CityLink (4,1)

CityLink (4,2)

Element ID

Section Address = Wireless Hop NE Address = Station Address ie 1 / 2.

Configuration Setting

Each NE dynamically evolves an optimal routing table Initial routing table can be set by user Initial entries restore the network connections faster after power failure (NE restart) Manual routing entries available in initial table (not recommended) Weight indicates the distance to network element

Exercises
Exercises - Radio Networking

Equipment Configuration 1. Connect two terminals via DCC Line. Verify correct setup by the NEW-NMS and element routing table. 2. Connect two terminals via NI-NI. Verify correct set-up by NEW-NMS and element routing table.

NI Wiring Diagram

Frequency

Setting

Alternate Channel Alternate Polarisation (ACAP)

Traditional RF Channel Arrangement. Allows up to 3+1 / 4+0 on one polarisation or up to 7+1 / 8+0 on dual polarisation Some frequency band have less than 8 channel frequency. Maximum system configuration depends on frequency available

Co-Channel Dual Polarisation (CCDP)

Channel arrangement doubles the number of STM-1 carries on available frequency Maximum number of frequency on each polarisation is four Maximum system configuration is 7+1 / 8+0 on one terminal Maximum of sixteen STM-1 can be carried in the frequency band with eight RF channels (or more). Requires optional XPIC feature on all radio channels

Alternate Channel Co-Polarisation (ACCP)

This channel arrangement allows for the use of adjacent channels on single polarisation In frequency plans with 40MHz channel spacing, this option is standard In frequency band with less than 40MHz channel spacing, this arrangement requires the narrow band RF filter for each RF Channel

ACCP + CCDP

This channel arrangement combines adjacent channel & co-channel dual polarised systems. Requires Narrow Band RF Filter in frequency band with channel spacing less than 40MHz Requires optional XPIC feature on all radio channels.

Transceiver Frequency Information

TX Filter : Centre frequency & BW of the TX branching filter RX Filter : Centre frequency & BW of RX branching filter TX Band : The frequency band supported by the Transmitter RX Band : The frequency band supported by the Receiver Tx LO synth: Last calibrated LO TX Frequency Rx LO synth: Last calibrated LO TX Frequency

Frequency Setting (1)

Frequency Setting (2)

Frequency Setting (3)

Frequency Setting (4)

Frequency Setting (5)

Frequency Setting (6)

Space Diversity

Space Diversity System is using 2 antenna (denoted Main & Space) mounted apart Connected to one Space Diversity Transceiver to achieve better performance Requires different waveguide length for 2 different antenna Results in different signal propagation delays at the main and Space receiver inputs

Space Diversity

To compensate this effect, transceiver can add delay in one of the signal paths Optimal receiver performance requires an accurate delay compensation. The two antenna signal are combined to get a single received signal for the demodulation process Combiner operates in either automatic mode or manual mode.

Automatic Mode : Controlled by signal quality criteria derived internally in the transceiver Manual Mode : User selects which signal to use

Delay Calculation =
Main / Space Waveguide Length Diffetence x 4.2ns

Valid Input Range : -6ns to +130ns

Space Diversity

Automatic Transmitter Power Control (ATPC)

ATPC STM-1 Radio


M odulato r STM-1 IF XMTR RCV R Demo dulator S TM -1
ATPC-ctrl

ATPC-higher/lower

1 40/1 55 Mb /s C MI, electrical S upervisory Unit

ATP C-ctrl ATPC-alarm ATPC-XMTR Re f-level ATPC-higher/lower ACU

140/ 155 M b/s CMI, e lectrical

ATPC-XMTR

ATPC-alarm

ACU

Re f-level

1 40/1 55 Mb /s C MI, electrical

ATP C-ctrl

0-10 V regulation voltage

Su pervisory Unit 140/ 155 M b/s CMI, e lectrical

ATPC-ctrl

STM-1 De modu lat or

IF

RCVR

XM TR

IF

S TM -1 Mo dula tor

S tation 1

S tation 2

Transmitter Power Control

Transmitter Power Control

Transceiver Unit provides a set of power control.


MTPC ATPC

ATPC helps minimize interference probability in network. Remote Transmitter will regulate its output such that Received power is equal to reference level In MTPC mode, the transmitter output level can be set. RF Input alarm threshold settings. Alarms will be raised when input levels exceeds upper or lower limits Information is transmitted between Radio Hop on MS3 of SOH byte

Exercises

Supervisory (SU) & Radio Protection Switching (RPS)

Supervisory Board (SU)


Provides operational control of System Configurations & Radio Protection Switching (RPS) RPS Function an integral part of SU Board Main set-up and control facility in equipment Uses the SOH byte (Dcc: D1-D3) for communication between Radio Hop Dcc byte User-selectable if default D1-D3 byte used by Mux.

Supervisory Board (SU)

Supervisory Information between Radio hop protected. (CH1 & CH2 used 2+0 system; CHP & CH1 in a 1+1 System) MS1 & MS2 bytes used for transmitting RPS information

RPS Switching System

Manual Switching

RPS Status RPS configuration

RPS Switching Configuration (1)

RPS Switching Configuration (2)


Switching always initiated at Received End Monitoring of system performance at Receive End. Detection of degradation in performance will result in regular channel switching to CH P for protection. Local Receive Switch will be aligned to either CH 1 / 2. Remote Transmit Bridge will follow suit and aligned either to CH 1 / 2. Received Direction will be the Master while Transmit Direction will be the Slave in switching operation

RPS Switching Configuration (3)

Local Rx Switch

Revertive

Revert back to its original position after clearance of faults / error. i.e. Not protection of channels Stays in its position even after clearance of faults / error. Will take up new position only upon detection of new faults / errors

Non-Revertive

Remote Tx Bridge

Revertive

Revert to CH 1 upon clearance of faults / errors. Stays in its position even after clearance of faults / error. Will take up new position only upon detection of new faults / errors

Non-Revertive

RPS Switching Configuration (4)

3 different Configuration

1st Configurations
Local Rx Switch : Non-Revertive Remote Tx Bridge : Non-Revertive

2nd Configuration

Local Rx Switch : Revertive Remote Tx Bridge : Non-Revertive

3rd Configuration

Local Rx Switch : Revertive Remote Tx Bridge : Revertive (CH1)

RPS Switching Configuration (5)

Priority
Determine the priority of each channels Providing a higher value for either channel determines the other channel have higher priority. O means you do not want the channel to be protected

RPS Switching Configuration (6)

Switch Limit

OOS HBER

User Defined using NEW Default 10E-3 User Defined using NEW Default 10E-6 User Defined using NEW Default 10E-10

LBER

EW

Low RF

RPS Switching Configuration (7)

Restore Limit

EW

User Defined using NEW Default 10E-10

Low RF

Alignment Timeout

Used during Manual Switching Maximum time allowable to effect a switch operation without causing errors to be introduced into the system Failure to do so within stated time will result in timeout. Ie no switching occurs.

RPS Switching Configuration (8)

Switch Status of Rx Local Bridge and Tx Remote Bridge Performance Alarms

Modem

Board

Modem Block Diagram

Modem Board (1)


In Transmit-Direction, SORP transforms 8 parallel lines each 19.44Mb/s NRZ/CMOS data, clock, and sync to 4x 38.88Mb/s. Output from SORP feeds the modem where the signal is filtered and modulated to 64 / 128TCM. Output from Modulator have an IF of 350MHz, -10dBm. Input IF from receiver is 140MHz, -10dBm Modem filters, equalized & amplifies the signal before transforming signal back to digital signal. A Vertibi decoder for error-correction & adaptive equalizer for equalization of selective fading.

Modem Board (2)

Demodulator generates pulses when transmission errors detected. Number of pulse per second is measurement of quality of received signals Pulses can be routed out on connection panel.

Modem Board (3)

Modem Board (4)

Alarm Name
HBER LBER EW-BER

Default BER Threshold


10E-3 10E-6 10E-10

Default Alarm Severity


Major Minor Warning

Advanced looping facilities


LAN NI LCT PABX EOW 4x64kb AAU LAN

Supervision

Service channel Modem STM-1

Aux.

Supervision

LCT NI

STM-1 Tributary Module

Modem Radio Tx/Rx Radio Tx/Rx STM-1

STM-1 Tributary Module

STM-1 Electrical/ Optical

Interface Baseband Bd looping Modem Bd IF looping 2Mb/s Wayside looping Far end Modem baseband looping, on 155.52Mb/s STM-1 PRBS Test Pattern on 2 Mb/s Wayside and Bit Error Counter Loops timed from LCT/NMS

Conclusion

Ultra compact Trunk Radio Modular and Flexible Easily Expandable Advanced Configuration and Management Low power consumption