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# Governing equation: Equilibrium of force in horizontal direction

## Cantilever sheet pile wall

Equation for calculation in the cantilever sheet pile wall Active earth pressure coefficient can be found from this equation when soil surface in horizontal direction and wall in vertical direction (, = 0)

Passive earth pressure coefficient can be found from the passive earth pressure reduction factor time the constant. These information depend on the friction an le of wall and ratio of an le of soil surface from horizontal plane with soil friction an le (=0)! an le of wall from horizontal plane (="0)! and ratio of friction an le of soil and wall with friction an le of soil (=#\$%). The information is in the table. #0 #) %0 %) +0 +) (0 () & #.'( %.#" +.0# (.%" '.(% #0.% #,.) ++.) reduction factor 0."%" 0.**# 0.*%( 0.,)" 0.'*' 0.'0+ 0.)#% 0.(#( &p #.)% #."+ %.(* +.%' (.(0 '.#) *."' #+.*,

)0

,(.+

0.+#+

%+.%'

- a.is is the value of friction an le of soil. / a.is is the value of passive earth pressure coefficient. 0eft raph is from the information in the table. 1i ht raph is from the same information but use trend line order ). After plot this information in E.cel and use the trend line of power order ) the find the equation for this series of information. 2 et this equation for &p &p = ,.,0%3#04, ) 4 ".#3#04) ( 5 0.00(+)) + 4 0.0"') % 5 #.0,,% +.##(*

Active and Passive earth pressure can be found from the production of the soil specific wei ht and the active or passive earth pressure coefficient

67drostatic earth pressure can be found from the active earth pressure time the hei ht of soil.

The point that active earth pressure is equal to the passive earth pressure

The resultant of the forces action about the point that active pressure is equal to the passive pressure. The result of summation of force from distance d 5 m or point A.

The location for the force Ph is found from ta&in moment about the point A b7 usin the trian le area rule.

8se the equilibrium of moment about point A to find the depth of penetration (.).

## Equation for solvin depth of penetration (.) in the iteration method

9ind the zero4shear point b7 usin the equilibrium of force in horizontal direction. :e will et the depth b.

The ma.imum moment occurs at the zero4shear point. Ta&e moment at the zero4shear point.

;inimum section modulus can be found b7 dividin the ma.imum moment b7 the allowable stress of the wall material.

## Anchored sheet pile wall

9or anchored sheet pile wall! all step is the same as one for the cantilever sheet pile wall e.cept the step and equation for the depth of penetration (.) because the anchored sheet pile is desi n base on the free earth supported while the cantilever sheet pile desi n base on the fi. earth supported. 9or the anchored sheet pile wall! moreover! the equation for findin the depth of penetration is from the equilibrium about the anchored rod instead of point A.

9ind the tension in the anchored rod b7 usin the equilibrium of the horizontal force.

9ind the zero4shear point and the ma.imum moment about the zero4shear point 9or 0<c<d! the zero4shear point is between depth 0 and d.

## 9or d<c<6! the zero4shear point is between depth d and 6.

After that! find the minimum section modulus b7 usin the same equation as for cantilever sheet pile. Anchored solder pile wall

9or the anchored solder pile wall! ever7 step is the same as one for anchored sheet pile wall. 6owever! the difference is the anchored solder pile wall use pile instead of sheet pile for the wall. :e have to include the result of the area reduction factor =. 9ind the ratio of effective pile width (:e) to the center4to4center spacin of solder piles (s). This ratio depends on the t7pe of soil densit7.

2nclude the effect of the area reduction factor to find the location of the result force Ph .

2nclude the effect of the area reduction factor to find the depth of penetration (.) and the tension in the anchored rod b7 usin to same method with the anchored sheet pile wall

9ind the zero4shear point! the ma.imum moment about the zero4shear point and minimum section modulus b7 usin the same equation as one in the anchored sheet pile wall.