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First Way

Simple Differentiation

This is called the power rule in most books. This is how you go:

multiply by the power and take one away from the power Power( ! ( power - 1 )

So let"s go through the e amples: # ample $ne f( ! % & 21 f "( ! % '( )*& The answer is
21 - 1

+&
20

20

f "( ! % +&

,otice if you ha-e a number there already .ust times the number by the power. Watch out for 1/2 and - 1/ it is those negati-e numbers again00 f( ! % 1/2 f "( ! % (1' The answer is f( ! % - 1 f "( ! % - ( The answer is
- 1/2

( ' ( '

f "( ! %

- 2

% 2 (
2

f "( ! % 2 (1

'

Second Way

3hain 4ule Differentiation

This is where we ha-e a slightly more complicated looking function than the simple differentiation function. This method 5 call 6The twist7 as you use the simple method with a twist at the end. The function looks more complicated such as &( & 8 '( 2 (9 !7 or ( 8 : 3!1/2

This is how you go:


Differentiate as if it is simple/ multiply by the power and take one away from power. ;ecause it is not simple/ here is the twist multiply by the deri-ati-e of the bracket. Simplify if possible

So let"s go through the e amples # ample Two f ( ! % &( & 8 '( 2 (9 ! 7 f "( ! % (< ) &! ( & 8 '( 2 (9 ! + (& '2 (9!

(multiply by power! ($riginal bracket! Power- 1(deri-ati-e of the bracket! The answer is # ample Three f ( ! % ( 8 : 3! 1/2 f "( ! % (1' ( 8 : 3!
- 1/2

f"( ! % '( (& '2 (9! ( & 8 '( 2 (9 ! +

(( 8 (' 2!

(multiply by power! ($riginal bracket! Power- 1(deri-ati-e of the bracket! (=sing Simple differentiation!

The answer is

f "( ! %

(1' (( 8 (' 2! ( 8 : 3! - 1/2

Third Way

>ogarithm Differentiation

5 find it handy to put brackets around my 2-alues to help when differentiating. This is how you go:

Put bracket around the e pression being logged. =se logarithm rules to simplify if possible. The answer is a fraction. The denominator is the original bracket. The numerator is the deri-ati-e of the bracket.

So let"s go through the e ample:

# ample Four f ( ! % ln f ( ! % ln ( f "( ! % &


& ' &

8?
&

8? ! Deri-ati-e of the bracket (using simple differentiation in this case! $riginal ;racket f "( ! % &
&

8? 8?

The answer is

8? 8?

'

Fourth Way

# ponential Differentiation

This differentiation always has the original function in the answer/ once again 5 find it handy to put brackets around the power. This is how you go:

Put brackets around the power. Write down the original e ponential. @ultiply by the deri-ati-e of the bracket. f( ! % e(bracket) f"( ! % e(bracket) . ( deri-ati-e of the bracket!.

So let"s go through the e ample: # ample Fi-e f( ! % e (- 3x) f "( ! % e (- 3x) . (- 3 ) f "( ! % e (bracket) .( deri-ati-e of the bracket!. The answer is f "( ! % 2 & e - 3x

Fifth Way

5mplicit Differentiation

This is not difficult and in one way is similar to the chain differentiation. We write down dy1d or f "( ! without saying or thinking that differentiating y or f( ! gi-es us dy1d or f "( !

as we are so worried about differentiating the 2-alues on the other side. This time we ha-e not got 6 y % some e pression7 instead we ha-e the and y -alues mi ed together. This is how you go:

3heck to see if you can get the e pression into y % ...... Differentiate the 2-alues as normal. Differentiate the y2-alues as if they are 2-alues. ;ut the twist is any y2-alue must be multiplied by dy1d . @o-e all terms with dy1d to one side/ all other terms on the other side. Take dy1d out as a factor and di-ide by the bracket.

So let"s go through the e ample # ample Si y 2 8 :y 8 < % e 6x ,ow we cannot simplify the e pression to y % ..... so follow the instructions ' y (2 - 1) dy1d 8 (multiply by dy1d ! : (Treat .ust like 2-alue! dy1d 8 9 % + e6x % (# ponential Differentiation!

(Treat .ust like 2-alue!

(multiply by dy1d !

'y dy1d 8 : dy1d % + e 6x dy1d ( 'y 8 : ! % + e 6x dy1d % + e 6x ( 'y 8 : ! (Take dy1d out as a factor!

( Di-ide by the bracket!

The answer is

f "( ! % + e 6x ( 'y 8 : !