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HVAC Control & Balancing Dampers

Models VCD, MBD and RBD


Selection Construction Performance

H*

W*

1 August

2013

HVAC Control and Balancing Dampers


Commercial Control Dampers are used in buildings to regulate the flow of air in an HVAC system. They can be used in intake, exhaust, or mixed air applications. There are two categories of control dampers: Balancing Commercial Control

Balancing
Manual balancing dampers are control dampers that regulate the flow of air but are not intended to be used in applications as a positive shut-off or for automatic control. These dampers are shipped with manual hand quadrants that can be locked in place. There are four balancing damper models available: MBD-10/10M is a single blade MBD-15 is a multi-blade MBDR-50 is a round blade Remote balancing dampers offer the same function as a manual balancing damper plus the added benefit of controlling the damper remotely at a diffuser or wall plate. These remote balancing dampers are ideal for applications where it is difficult to gain access to manually adjust the dampers to balance airflow. The EZ Balance remote control operates the damper motor by connecting to the wall, ceiling, or diffuser mounted RJ11 connector. There are two remote balancing damper models available: RBD-10 (single blade) RBDR-50 (round blade)

MBD-10 Single blade

*shown with optional standoff bracket

MBD-15
Multi-blade Meets SMACNA recommended construction requirements

MBDR-50
Round blade

RBD-10 Single blade

*Actuator shipped as a kit for field installation

RBDR-50
Round blade Factory-mounted actuator

Manual and Remote Balancing Dampers

A wide variety of accessories are available for the RBD and RBDR series. They include: clude: Diffuser connector Wall plates with ports Round wall/ceiling plate with single port Single gang outlet box EZ Balance handheld remote kit Plenum and non-plenum rated cables Cable connectors
EZ Balance handheld remote kit

Quick Selection Chart


MBD-10 Single Blade Blade Profile Material Frame Gauge 3V Round Galvanized 20 (1) 18 (1.3) 16 (1.5) Bearings Axles Linkage Material Synthetic Bronze Steel Steel Manual Quadrant 1-1/2 in. Standoff Bracket Actuator 2 in. Standoff Bracket Remote Powered 9 Volt Actuator Minimum Sizing Inches (mm) Maximum Single Section Maximum Multi-Section
X = Standard O = Optional

MBD-10M X

MBD-15 X

MBDR-50

RBD-10 X

RBDR-50

X X X X X X X X O X X X O O X O O X X O X O O X 6x4 (152 x 102) 36 x 12 (914 x 305) 8x4 (203 x 102) 36 x 12 (914 x 305) 6x6 (152 x 152) 48 x 60 (1219 x 1524) 96 x 96 (2438 x 2438) 4 (102) 24 (610) 6x4 (152 x 102) 36 x 12 (914 x 305) X X X X X X X

X X X

X X

X 4 (102) 24 (610) -

Velocity
RBD-10 RBDR-50 MBD-10/10M MBD-15 MBDR-50

Pressure
RBD-10 RBDR-50 MBD-10/10M MBD-15 MBDR-50

1000

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000 0 1 2 3 4 5

Feet per Minute (maximum)

Inches wg (maximum)

Volume Control Dampers VCD Series


Commercial Control

Commercial control dampers regulate the flow of air in the same manner as manual balancing dampers, in addition, they can be used as a positive shutoff or for automatic control. There are three types of commercial control dampers available: Volume control VCD series Insulated control ICD series Blade Air measuring control - AMD series
Bearing

Manual Quadrant Kit


Shaft Extension Jamb Seal

Axle

Blade Seal Linkage

Frame

Variable Symmetric Blade Design (VSB)


Part of Greenhecks unique approach to damper construction, Variable Symmetric Blade design (VSB), uses two principles to increase damper performance. First, all damper blades are symmetric about their axis. Second, any combination of 4, 5, 6, and 7 in. (102, 127, 152, and 178mm) blade widths are used in a single damper. These two features are part of Greenhecks standard construction and provide the following advantages: Increases Mounting Flexibility - Symmetrical blades have identical operating characteristics regardless of airflow direction. This allows a Greenheck control damper to be mounted in either direction of flow, an advantage when installing with space constraints.
Competitor

Free Area

Free Area

Increases Free Area - Traditional damper designs with a single blade width require oversized blade stops, limiting free area when the blades are open (Figure 1). Greenheck is able to reduce height or eliminate blade stops, which maximizes free area and increases damper performance (Figure 2). Reduces Actuator Torque - If an unsymmetrical blade closes against airflow, a large amount of torque is needed because the air distribution is unbalanced. Greenhecks VSB design balances airflow on each side of a symmetrical blade, reducing the torque required to operate the damper. The use of symmetrical blades allows Greenheck to reduce the size and quantity of actuators used on dampers (Figure 3).

Greenheck with low prole frame

Figure 1

Figure 2

Airow works against actuator

Airow works against actuator

Actuator Torque Airow works with actuator

Actuator Torque

Unbalanced Blade Requires Higher Torque

Balanced Blade Requires Less Torque

Figure 3

Design and Construction Features


Blades

3V blades are fabricated from a single thickness of 16 ga. (1.5mm) galvanized or stainless steel, incorporating three longitudinal V-Type grooves running the full length of the blade to increase strength. This blade is standard on models VCD-15, 18, 20, 20V, 23, 23V, and SEVCD-23, designed for low to medium velocity and pressure applications. Airfoil blades are constructed of double-skin galvanized steel, stainless steel, or heavy-gauge extruded aluminum. This blade design results in lower resistance to airflow and increased strength that is typically used in high pressure systems. Airfoil blades are standard on models VCD-33, 33V, 34, 40, 42, 42V, 43, 43V and SEVCD-33.

3V Blade

Steel Airfoil Blade

Aluminum Airfoil Blade

Parallel Versus Opposed Blade Operation


Greenheck control dampers are offered with either parallel or opposed blades. Each style has distinguishing characteristics in regard to the type of operation required. Parallel blade operation - This configuration requires the damper blades to rotate in the same direction, parallel to one another. Parallel blade orientation is typically used when the damper operates in two positions, open or closed. Opposed blade operation - Adjacent damper blades rotate opposite one another under opposed blade configuration. Opposed blade configuration is typically used on dampers that modulate airflow.

Parallel Blades

Opposed Blades

Frame
Greenheck control dampers utilize a 5 in. x 1 in. (127mm x 25mm) hat channel frame made of 16 ga. (1.5mm) steel, 16 ga. (1.5mm) stainless steel, or 0.125 in. (3mm) aluminum. Each frame is built with four separate pieces of material and joined by our Tog-L-Loc process resulting in the following advantages: Rigid frame - When two pieces of 16 ga. (1.5mm) steel are joined by the Tog-L-Loc system, the joint has an equivalent thickness of 10 ga. (3.5mm) steel. Increased corrosion resistance - High temperatures from welding remove the galvanized finish from damper frames. The Tog-L-Loc process does not use heat, so Greenheck damper frames have greater corrosion resistance by retaining the galvanized coating.
Tog-L-Loc Reinforced Corner

Optimal free area - On dampers that are 17 in. (432mm) high or less, Greenheck uses a low profile top and bottom frame section to maximize free area. Square frame - Many damper manufacturers construct each frame from a single piece of sheet metal, formed into shape by bending at three corners and spot welding in one. This type of construction can produce weak corners that are not necessarily 90, resulting in a frame that is out-of-square. Symptoms of out-of-square frames include blades that do not close properly and reduced leakage performance. Using four separate frame components (top, bottom, and two sides), Greenhecks Tog-L-Loc process results in four sturdy, 90 joints. This ensures that each Greenheck damper is square and provides optimum performance in the field. There are five frame options available: Channel Frame (standard) Single Flange Single Reverse Flange Double Flange Quick Connect (VCD-43, -43V; ICD Series)

Standard Frame

Single Flange
(actuator side)

Single Reverse Flange


(opposite actuator)

Double Flange

Quick Connect

Design and Construction Features


Frame Options
The channel frame style allows a damper to be insert mounted into an opening without being concerned about the linkage sticking out past the frame. The single and single reverse flange frame can be insert mounted or directly mounted to the wall, mating surface or bulkhead. The quick connect frame design is extruded to match up to a TDC, TDF, or Ductmate connection to allow the damper to be cleated to the ductwork.

This illustration depicts how to mount a damper into a plenum wall.

Linkage
Traditional damper linkages are found in the airstream, adding to the pressure drop of the damper blades and frame. Greenheck control dampers have blade linkages concealed in the frame to prevent additional pressure drop and unwanted noise. With standard plated steel construction (stainless steel optional), the linkage is engineered to accurately control each and every blade without need for adjustment.

No Top or Bottom
Greenhecks standard control dampers are designed for installation in any position with the blades horizontal. The damper can be turned over so the actuator is on the left or right side. Optional vertical blade models can be turned with the actuator at the top or bottom.
Standard Vertical Blade

Multi-Section Dampers
Each of Greenhecks VCD control dampers have a maximum size for a single damper section or panel. These sections vary from 48 in. wide x 60 in. high (1219mm x 1524mm) to 60 in. wide x 74 in. high (1524mm x 1880mm). Dampers larger than a single section will be made up of equal size sections which, depending upon model and size, may be shipped as a single complete assembly or as separate sections for field assembly. Multi-section damper assemblies are supplied with a coupler or factory installed jackshaft so all sections operate together.

Factory Installed Jackshaft

Coupled (concealed between frames)

Damper assemblies (larger than one section) are not designed to be structurally self-supporting. Additional horizontal bracing is recommended for support. Vertical bracing should be installed if required to hold against system pressure.

Options and Accessories


QR Codes
Greenheck has added QR (Quick Response) codes to the labels on commercial control and air measuring dampers. When you scan the QR code with your smartphone, it will link to www.greenheck.com based on the model.

Paint Finishes
A wide variety of paint finishes are available including: Anodize Industrial Epoxy Baked Enamel Kynar/Hylar Epoxy Permatector Hi-Pro Polyester See color charts on www.greenheck.com for standard color offering.

Sleeve

Factory Sleeve Option


Greenheck control dampers are available with factory furnished sleeves in lengths up to 48 in. (1219mm). Sleeves are constructed out of 10 through 20 ga. (3.25 through 0.91 mm) galvanized steel. When dampers are installed in factory sleeves, the A dimension specifies the location of damper within the sleeve.
Damper

D*

A
Damper Location C L Damper Frame L

D*+ 2 in. sq.

Transitions
Greenheck control dampers can be supplied with the appropriate transition option in applications where dampers require installation in round or oval openings. Rectangular dampers are constructed zero, 1 inch (25mm), or 2 inches (51mm) larger than the transition dimensions and installed in a factory sleeve. The sleeve is transitioned at each end to the appropriate round, oval, or rectangular size.

Type O

Type R

Type C

Transition options available

Security Bars
When security becomes an issue, Greenheck offers optional factory-installed security bars. Security bars are factory welded into a 10 ga. (3.5mm) sleeve.

Open Close Indicator - OCI


The OCI contains two single pole, single throw switches used to indicate damper blade position. The switches provide positive open and closed signals when used in conjunction with remote indicator lights. Switches are physically linked to a damper blade and therefore give a true representation of the dampers position. 7

Wide Range of Actuators


Greenheck has a wide range of manual, electric, and pneumatic actuators for use with control dampers. Actuators can be installed at the factory or shipped loose with the necessary linkage and brackets required for mounting. Each damper and actuator is cycle tested in our factory before the final product is shipped, ensuring Greenheck quality and trouble free operation in the field.

Manual Hand Quadrant


Location
Internal or External

See Figure 5
Figure 5 Manual Quadrant

Electric Actuator Checklist


Power Supply
24 VDC, 24 VAC, 120 VAC, and 240 VAC Frequency

See Figures 6 & 7

Operation
Spring Return (spring will drive damper to original starting point) Power Open or Power Closed Two-position (damper position is open or closed) Modulating (damper position determined by modulating control signal) Floating (damper can be stopped anywhere between open and closed) Open or Closed Internal or External 0-10 VDC, 2-10 VDC or 4-20 mAdc 1, 3, 4, 4X, or 7 (specify one per application) Auxiliary Switches Transformers Figure 7 Electric Internal Mount
Greenhecks most commonly used electric actuator manufacturers are Honeywell, Belimo, and Siemens. Contact your Greenheck representative for other options.

Operating Mode
Figure 6 Electric External Mount

Fail Direction (for spring return only) Location Control Signal (for modulating only) NEMA Enclosure Accessories

Pneumatic Actuator Checklist


Power Supply
20 psi

See Figure 8

Operation
Spring Return (spring will drive damper to original starting point)

Operating Mode
Two-position (damper position is open or closed) Modulating (damper position determined by modulating pressure signal)

Fail Direction (for spring return only)


Open or Closed

Location
Internal or External

Greenhecks most commonly used pneumatic actuator manufacturers are Siemens and Invensys. Contact your Greenheck representative for other options.

Control Signal (for modulating only)


3-15 psi

Accessories
Solenoid Valves or Positioners

Figure 8 Pneumatic

Damper Performance Testing Criteria

Pressure drop testing was conducted in accordance with AMCA Standard 500-D using the three configurations shown. All data has been corrected to represent standard air at a density of 3 .075 lb/ft (1.2 kg/m3). Actual pressure drop found in an HVAC system is a combination of many factors. This pressure drop information, along with an analysis of other system influences should be used to estimate actual pressure losses for a damper installed in an HVAC system.

Figure 5.3 Illustrates a fully ducted damper. This configuration has the lowest pressure drop of the three
test configurations because entrance and exit losses are minimized by straight duct runs upstream and downstream of the damper.

Figure 5.2 Illustrates a ducted damper exhausting air into an open area. This configuration has a lower
pressure drop than Figure 5.5 because entrance losses are minimized by a straight duct run upstream of the damper. Figure 5.5 Illustrates a plenum mounted damper. This configuration has the highest pressure drop because of high entrance and exit losses due to the sudden changes of area in the system.
5D 6D

Figure 5.3
5D

Figure 5.2 Figure 5.5


D= 4 (W) (H) 3.14
D = Duct length W = Damper width H = Damper height

Greenheck Fan Corporation certies that the model AMD-23 and 33, VCD-15, 20 and VCD-40 shown herein are licensed to bear the AMCA Seal. The ratings shown are based on tests and procedures performed in accordance with AMCA Publication 511 and comply with the requirements of the AMCA Certied Ratings Programs. The AMCA Certied Ratings Seal applies to Air Performance ratings only.

Greenheck Fan Corporation certifies that the model VCD-18, 23, 33, 34, 43, SEVCD-23 and 33 shown herein are licensed to bear the AMCA Seal. The ratings shown are based on tests and procedures performed in accordance with AMCA Publication 511 and comply with the requirements of the AMCA Certified Ratings Programs. The AMCA Certified Ratings Seal applies to Air Leakage and Air Performance ratings.

Greenheck Fan Corporation certifies that the model ICD-44 and ICD-45 shown herein is licensed to bear the AMCA Seal. The ratings shown are based on tests and procedures performed in accordance with AMCA Publication 511 and comply with the requirements of the AMCA Certified Ratings Programs. The AMCA Certified Ratings Seal applies to Air Leakage, Air Performance and Energy Efficiency ratings.

Pressure Drop Data


VCD-15, 18, 20, 23
Galvanized 3V blade Economic VCD-15 and VCD-18 Blade and jamb seals VCD-18 and 23 Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .01 .05 .11 .19 .29 .41 .55 .72 .01 .03 .08 .13 .20 .29 .40 .51 .03 .13 .30 .53 .82 1.19 1.62 2.10 .01 .03 .06 .10 .16 .23 .30 .40 .01 .02 .04 .07 .11 .16 .21 .28 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2

SEVCD-23
316 stainless steel 3V blade 316 stainless steel construction Blade and jamb seals 36x36 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .03 .12 .26 .47 .75 1.04 1.41 1.90 .01 .02 .05 .09 .14 .19 .27 .35 .01 .02 .03 .06 .09 .13 .19 .25 .02 .10 .22 .40 .62 .90 1.23 1.62 .01 .04 .08 .15 .22 .32 .43 .56 .01 .03 .07 .12 .18 .26 .36 .46 .03 .12 .27 .47 .75 1.07 1.45 1.91 .01 .03 .07 .12 .18 .26 .36 .47 .01 .03 .06 .10 .16 .22 .30 .39 .03 .12 .28 .49 .77 1.12 1.53 2.01

VCD-20V and 23V


Vertical 3V blade Blade and jamb seals VCD-23V Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .01 .05 .11 .19 .29 .41 .55 .72 .01 .03 .08 .13 .20 .29 .40 .51 .03 .13 .30 .53 .82 1.19 1.62 2.10 .01 .03 .06 .10 .16 .23 .30 .40 .01 .02 .04 .07 .11 .16 .21 .28 .03 .12 .26 .47 .75 1.04 1.41 1.90 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .02 .05 .09 .14 .19 .27 .35 .01 .02 .03 .06 .09 .13 .19 .25 .02 .10 .22 .40 .62 .90 1.23 1.62 .01 .03 .07 .12 .18 .26 .36 .47 .01 .03 .06 .10 .16 .22 .30 .39 .03 .12 .28 .49 .77 1.12 1.53 2.01 .01 .04 .08 .15 .22 .32 .43 .56 .01 .03 .07 .12 .18 .26 .36 .46 .03 .12 .27 .47 .75 1.07 1.45 1.91

VCD-33 and 34
Galvanized airfoil blade Insulated airfoil VCD-34 Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .01 .03 .07 .13 .19 .26 .35 .45 .01 .02 .05 .08 .12 .17 .23 .30 .03 .12 .27 .48 .74 1.07 1.46 1.91 .01 .03 .06 .10 .15 .21 .28 .36 .01 .01 .03 .05 .09 .13 .17 .22 .03 .11 .26 .45 .71 1.02 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5

SEVCD-33
316 stainless steel airfoil blade 316 stainless steel construction Blade and jamb seals 36x36 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 .5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .02 .04 .07 .11 .15 .20 .26 .01 .01 .02 .04 .06 .08 .12 .15 .02 .09 .21 .38 .58 .85 1.15 1.52 .01 .03 .07 .11 .17 .23 .31 .39 .01 .02 .04 .08 .12 .17 .22 .29 .03 .11 .24 .43 .67 .96 1.31 1.71 .01 .02 .04 .08 .12 .16 .21 .27 .01 .02 .04 .07 .11 .15 .20 .25 .03 .11 .24 .44 .68 .97 1.32 1.73

1.40 1.89

10

Pressure Drop Data


VCD-33V
Vertical galvanized airfoil blade Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .01 .03 .07 .13 .19 .26 .35 .45 .01 .02 .05 .08 .12 .17 .23 .30 .03 .12 .27 .48 .74 1.07 1.46 1.91 .01 .03 .06 .10 .15 .21 .28 .36 .01 .01 .03 .05 .09 .13 .17 .22 .03 .11 .26 .45 .71 1.02 1.40 1.89 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5

12x48 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2

48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .02 .04 .07 .11 .15 .20 .26 .01 .01 .02 .04 .06 .08 .12 .15 .02 .09 .21 .38 .58 .85 1.15 1.52 .01 .02 .04 .08 .12 .16 .21 .27 .01 .02 .04 .07 .11 .15 .20 .25 .03 .11 .24 .44 .68 .97 1.32 1.73 .01 .03 .07 .11 .17 .23 .31 .39 .01 .02 .04 .08 .12 .17 .22 .29 .03 .11 .24 .43 .67 .96 1.31 1.71

VCD-40
Extruded aluminum airfoil blade Blades contained within the frame Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .08 .31 .69 1.19 1.84 2.67 3.59 4.64 .05 .20 .45 .76 1.19 1.7 2.29 2.97 .10 .40 .88 1.54 2.41 3.45 4.75 6.09 .01 .05 .11 .19 .30 .43 .58 .76 .01 .02 .05 .10 .15 .22 .3 .40 .03 .12 .29 .52 .80 1.14 1.6 2.14 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .04 .09 .16 .24 .35 .48 .62 .01 .02 .04 .07 .10 .15 .20 .27 .03 .11 .26 .46 .72 1.04 1.43 1.87 .01 .05 .11 .20 .30 .43 .59 .77 .01 .03 .07 .12 .19 .26 .36 .46 .03 .12 .27 .49 .76 1.11 1.53 2.00 .06 .23 .52 .91 1.43 2.05 2.82 3.69 .03 .13 .29 .51 .81 1.16 1.59 2.09 .08 .29 .63 1.12 1.76 2.52 3.40 4.52

VCD-42
Extruded aluminum airfoil blade Galvanized frame Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .05 .18 .43 .76 1.19 1.71 2.33 3.04 .03 .12 .28 .49 .77 1.11 1.51 1.98 .07 .28 .62 1.11 1.73 2.50 3.41 4.45 .01 .05 .12 .22 .34 .49 .66 .87 .01 .03 .06 .11 .17 .24 .33 .43 .04 .17 .37 .66 1.04 1.50 2.04 2.66 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .04 .09 .17 .26 .38 .51 .67 .01 .02 .05 .08 .13 .19 .26 .34 .02 .12 .28 .50 .78 1.13 1.53 2.01 .01 .01 .14 .25 .39 .57 .77 1.01 .01 .04 .09 .16 .25 .36 .49 .64 .03 .18 .40 .72 1.12 1.62 2.21 2.88 .03 .11 .25 .44 .69 1.0 1.36 1.78 .02 .06 .14 .25 .39 .57 .77 1.01 .05 .19 .44 .78 1.21 1.75 2.38 3.11

11

Pressure Drop Data


VCD-42V
Vertical extruded aluminum airfoil blade Galvanized frame Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .05 .18 .43 .76 1.19 1.71 2.33 3.04 .03 .12 .28 .49 .77 1.11 1.51 1.98 .07 .28 .62 1.11 1.73 2.50 3.41 4.45 .01 .05 .12 .22 .34 .49 .66 .87 .01 .03 .06 .11 .17 .24 .33 .43 .04 .17 .37 .66 1.04 1.50 2.04 2.66 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5

12x48 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.2

48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .04 .09 .17 .26 .38 .51 .67 .01 .02 .05 .08 .13 .19 .26 .34 .02 .12 .28 .50 .78 1.13 1.53 2.01 .03 .11 .25 .44 .69 1.0 1.36 1.78 .02 .06 .14 .25 .39 .57 .77 1.01 .05 .19 .44 .78 1.21 1.75 2.38 3.11 .01 .01 .14 .25 .39 .57 .77 1.04 .01 .04 .09 .16 .25 .36 .49 .64 .03 .18 .40 .72 1.12 1.62 2.21 2.88

VCD-43
Extruded aluminum airfoil blade Aluminum frame Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .01 .06 .13 .23 .35 .50 .68 .88 .01 .03 .07 .14 .21 .29 .39 .51 .04 .14 .31 .55 .86 1.23 1.67 2.19 .01 .04 .10 .18 .28 .40 .54 .70 .01 .02 .04 .08 .13 .19 .26 .34 .03 .12 .27 .48 .75 1.07 1.47 1.91 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .03 .06 .12 .18 .26 .35 .46 .01 .01 .02 .04 .06 .09 .13 .17 .03 .10 .22 .39 .61 .87 1.19 1.56 .01 .04 .10 .17 .26 .38 .52 .68 .01 .03 .06 .11 .17 .25 .34 .45 .03 .11 .25 .46 .72 1.05 1.43 1.87 .01 .03 .06 .10 .16 .23 .30 .39 .01 .02 .04 .08 .12 .18 .24 .31 .03 .11 .26 .46 .72 1.02 1.40 1.83

VCD-43V
Vertical extruded aluminum airfoil blade Aluminum frame Blade and jamb seals Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 3500 4000 .01 .06 .13 .23 .35 .50 .68 .88 .01 .03 .07 .14 .21 .29 .39 .51 .04 .14 .31 .55 .86 1.23 1.67 2.19 .01 .04 .10 .18 .28 .40 .54 .70 .01 .02 .04 .08 .13 .19 .26 .34 .03 .12 .27 .48 .75 1.07 1.47 1.91 5.2 12x12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24x24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36x36 5.3 5.5 5.2 12x48 5.3 5.5 5.2 48x12 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .03 .06 .12 .18 .26 .35 .46 .01 .01 .02 .04 .06 .09 .13 .17 .03 .10 .22 .39 .61 .87 1.19 1.56 .01 .03 .06 .10 .16 .23 .30 .39 .01 .02 .04 .08 .12 .18 .24 .31 .03 .11 .26 .46 .72 1.02 1.40 1.83 .01 .04 .10 .17 .26 .38 .52 .68 .01 .03 .06 .11 .17 .25 .34 .45 .03 .11 .25 .46 .72 1.05 1.43 1.87

12

Pressure Drop Data

VCDR-50 and 53
Insert type round single blade Blade seals VCDR-53 Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 3000 .01 .06 .13 .23 .37 .53 5.2 12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24 5.3 5.5

VCDRM-50 and 53
Insert type round multi-blade Blade seals VCDRM-53 Dimension inches AMCA gure Velocity (ft/min) .02 .09 .20 .36 .56 .81 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 .04 .15 .33 .59 .93 .03 .11 .25 .45 .70 .05 .19 .42 .75 1.18 5.2 12 5.3 5.5 5.2 24 5.3 5.5 5.2 36 5.3 5.5

Pressure Drop in. wg .01 .02 .05 .08 .13 .19 .02 .10 .22 .38 .60 .86 .01 .04 .08 .15 .23 .33 .01 .01 .03 .06 .09 .13

Pressure Drop in. wg .03 .13 .29 .51 .79 .02 .10 .21 .38 .60 .04 .15 .33 .59 .92 .05 .19 .42 .75 1.18 .05 .20 .44 .79 1.23 .06 .25 .57 1.01 1.58

Pressure Drop Comparison


Greenheck compared the AMCA licensed pressure drop data of a VCD-33 12 in. wide x 12 in. high (305mm x 305mm) versus a competitors equivalent 12 in. wide x 12 in. high (305mm x 305mm) damper. Both dampers were installed in an identical system which drew 2000 ft./min. of airow through them. The results were dramatic!

AMCA Licensed Pressure Drop Data


10.0

Pressure Drop (in. wg)

1.0

Competitor

0.34 in. wg

Greenheck VCD-33

0.1 0.08 in. wg AMCA Figure 5.3 12 in. x 12 in. Fabricated Airfoil Damper 0.01 1,000 2,000 10,000

Velocity (ft./min)

13

Air Leakage Performance

Three common code energy standards that pertain to dampers are: ASHRAE Standard 90.1 - Energy Standard for Buildings except Low-Rise Residential Buildings California Title 24 IECC - International Energy Conservation Code Here are the primary requirements for dampers based on each standard: ASHRAE Standard 90.1 (2010 edition) states that maximum damper leakage at 1 in. wg for a : non-motorized damper is 20 cfm/ft2 or motorized damper is 4 cfm/ft2. ( See Table 6.4.3.4.3 from ASHRAE Standard 90.1) California Title 24 (2013 edition, section 140.4.4) states that the dampers shall be certied in accordance with AMCA Publication 511 to have a maximum leakage of 10 cfm/ft2 at 1 in. wg. The dampers have been tested and are able to open and close against the rated airow and pressure of the system after 60,000 damper opening and closing cycles. IECC (2012, section C402.4.5.2) that outdoor air supply and exhaust opening be supplied with Class 1A motorized dampers with a maximum leakage rate of 4 cfm/ft2 at 1 in. wg when tested in accordance with AMCA 500D. Greenhecks volume control dampers meets the requirements of ASHRAE, California Title 24 and IECC.

Air Leakage Data


Air leakage is based on operation between 32 and 120F (0 and 49C). Tested for leakage in accordance with ANSI/AMCA Standard 500-D, Figure 5.5. Tested for air performance in accordance with ANSI/AMCA Standard 500-D, Figures 5.2, 5.3 and 5.5. Torque Data is based on a torque of 5.0 in-lb/ft (0.56 Nm) applied to close and seat the damper during the test.
VCD-18
Maximum Damper Width 48 in. (1219mm)

Leakage Class*
1 in. wg (0.25 kPa) 1A 2 in. wg (0.5 kPa) 1

VCD-23, SEVCD-23
Maximum Damper Width 48 in. (1219mm) 1 in. wg (0.25 kPa) 1A

Leakage Class*
4 in. wg (1 kPa) 1 5 in. wg (1.2 kPa) 1

VCD-43
Maximum Damper Width 60 in. (1524mm) 1 in. wg (0.25 kPa) 1A

Leakage Class*
4 in. wg (1 kPa) 1 8 in. wg (2 kPa) 1 10 in. wg (2.5 kPa) 1

Torque Data is based on a torque of 7.0 in-lb/ft (0.79 Nm) applied to close and seat the damper during the test.
VCD-33, 34 SEVCD-33
Maximum Damper Width 60 in. (1524mm) 1 in. wg (0.25 kPa) 1A

Leakage Class*
4 in. wg (1 kPa) 1 8 in. wg (2 kPa) 1 10 in. wg (2.5 kPa) 1

14

Specialty Control Dampers

*Leakage Class Denitions The maximum allowable leakage is dened by AMCA as the following: Leakage Class 1A 3 cfm/ft2 @ 1 in. wg (Class 1A is only dened at 1 in. wg). Leakage Class 1 4 cfm/ft2 @ 1 in. wg 8 cfm/ft2 @ 4 in. wg - 11 cfm/ft2 @ 8 in. wg - 12.6 cfm/ft2 @ 10 in. wg Maximum Leakage
cfm/sq. ft. (cmh/sq.m) Pressure Model VCD-23V, 43V VCD-40 VCD-33, 42, 42V VCDR-53 VCDRM-53 @ 1 in. wg (.25 kPa) Class 1A Class 1A Class 1A Class 1 Class 1 @ 4 in. wg (1 kPa) Class 1 Class 1 Class 1 Class 1 Class 1

Greenheck Fan Corporation certifies that the model VCD-18, 23, 33, 34, 43, SEVCD-23 and 33 shown herein are licensed to bear the AMCA Seal. The ratings shown are based on tests and procedures performed in accordance with AMCA Publication 511 and comply with the requirements of the AMCA Certified Ratings Programs. The AMCA Certified Ratings Seal applies to Air Leakage and Air Performance ratings.

Greenheck Fan Corporation certifies that the model ICD-44 and ICD-45 shown herein is licensed to bear the AMCA Seal. The ratings shown are based on tests and procedures performed in accordance with AMCA Publication 511 and comply with the requirements of the AMCA Certified Ratings Programs. The AMCA Certified Ratings Seal applies to Air Leakage, Air Performance and Energy Efficiency ratings.

Specialty Control Dampers


Damper/Louver in a Common Sleeve
Greenheck can provide a damper and louver in a common sleeve for applications requiring single unit assembly. This assembly makes it convenient for installing in the field as one unit instead of dealing with multiple units (consult factory for more information).
DAMPER

SLEEV

LOUVER
HEIGHT

1.250 DAMPER LOCATION

Face & Bypass Dampers


The face and bypass dampers are used in applications where two dampers are connected together allowing one damper to open while the other damper closes. The FBH-43 is horizontal style (side-by-side). The FBV-43 is vertical style (stacked).

21.000 SLEEVE LENGTH

FBH

FBV

15

Specialty Control Dampers


ICD - Insulated Control Damper
Greenhecks ICD dampers were developed for applications where it is necessary to minimize the thermal transfer and reduce condensation. ICD series dampers meet Class 1A leakage of less than 3 cfm/sq. ft. @ 1 in. wg (55 cmh/m2 @ .25 kPa). ICD series dampers can be used in applications down to -70F (-56C) and up to 200F (93C) for: Cold food storage warehouses Buildings/warehouse Rooftop intake or exhaust AMCA Certied Energy Efciency Performance A dampers Thermal Efciency Ratio (E) is a comparison of the thermal performance of the tested damper with a standard reference damper. A damper that is twice as efcient as the reference damper would have an E of 100%. ICD-44
Maximum Velocity - ft/min. (m/s) Maximum Pressure - in. wg (kPa) Thermal Efciency Ratio (E) Temperature Range - F (C) Frame Insulated Thermally Broken Aluminum Aluminum Channel Frame Type Quick Connect Reverse Flange Single Flange Blade Action Blade Type Blade Material Blade Seal Jamb Seal
X = Standard

Cross section of thermally broken frame and blade

ICD-45
4000 (20.3) 8 (2) 941% -70 to 200 (-56 to 93) X O X O O O X X X X X

4000 (20.3) 8 (2) 593% -70 to 200 (-56 to 93) X X O O O O X X X X X O

Parallel Opposed Insulated Thermally Broken Extruded Aluminum Airfoil Silicone Stainless Steel Silicone
O = Optiona

Air Measuring Products


Airflow measuring products are used to accurately measure and control air. Applications include meeting the minimum outdoor air requirements of ASHRAE Standard 62 or California Title 24 by providing accurate monitoring and control of outside air.

Why is outside air measurement important?


There are many signicant benets to monitoring outside air volumes. First, by measuring the amount of outside air coming into a building, you can be assured the building is in compliance with all applicable indoor air quality codes including ASHRAE Standard 62 and California Title 24. Meeting these minimum requirements reduces indoor airborne viruses and bacteria which can lead to Sick Building Syndrome. Studies have shown that inhabitants in buildings that are under ventilated suffer from reduced productivity levels.
AMS

16

Specialty Control Dampers


The second major advantage to monitoring outside air volumes is it eliminates costly over ventilation. In addition to increased energy costs associated with heating and cooling of outside air, over ventilation causes an increase in humidity that can result in mold development. The AMS is an accurate airflow measuring station that is furnished with a properly sized pressure transducer that outputs a 0-10 VDC signal proportional to cfm. The AMS is compatible with a field-supplied controller or a factory-supplied LON controller (sold separately). AMD series dampers were developed as an accurate low cost alternative to typical air measuring products. The AMD series comes standard with a modulating actuator and a properly sized pressure transducer that outputs a 0-10 VDC signal proportional to cfm. Many control contractors like to use their own controllers. A large label on every AMD damper shows the controls contractor everything needed to program their own controller. Field-supplied controllers can use the transducers signal along with the flow formula (provided) to regulate a modulating actuator to the target set point. A factory-supplied controller is also available. The AMD series is also available with a factorysupplied LON controller that accepts a target flow set point as an input (either analog or digital) and outputs a 0-10 VDC signal proportional to the airflow that can be used to position a damper.

AMD-23 featuring a 3V blade control damper AMD-33 featuring a fabricated airfoil blade control damper

AMD-42 featuring an extruded airfoil blade control blade AMD-42V featuring an extruded airfoil vertical blade control damper

Quick Selection Chart


AMS
Velocity ft/min (m/s) Temperature Range F (C) Factory Calibration Required Accuracy Measures Airow Regulates Airow Volume Factory-Supplied Transducer Factory-Supplied Controller Airow Straightener Blade Action Unit Depth in. (mm) Maximum Size Quick Build Program Parallel 8 (203) 60 x 48 (1524 x 1219) 5% 5% 12 (305) 144 x 148 (3658 x 3759) 5% 12 (305) 144 x 148 (3658 x 3759) 5% 12 (305) 144 x 148 (3658 x 3759) 5% 12 (305) 74 x 60 (1880 x 1524) 2000 (10.2) -20 to 180 (-29 to 82)

AMD-23
2000 (10.2) -20 to 180 (-29 to 82)

AMD-33
2000 (10.2) -20 to 180 (-29 to 82)

AMD-42
2000 (10.2) -20 to 180 (-29 to 82)

AMD-42V
2000 (10.2) -20 to 180 (-29 to 82)

17

Volume Control Dampers Quick Selection Chart


X = Standard O = Optional
Single Blade 3V Blade Prole 3V-Vertical Blade Airfoil Airfoil-Vertical Blade Airfoil-Insulated Galvanized Frame Material 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Aluminum Galvanized Blade Material 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Aluminum 20 Frame Gauge 16 12 Aluminum Blade Seals TPE Silicone 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Synthetic Bearings Bronze 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Steel Axles 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Linkage Material Steel 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Sleeves Accessories Transitions Actuators* Flanges** Retaining Angles Security Bars Sizing inches (mm) Minimum Size Maximum Single Section Size Maximum MultiSection Size Max. Velocity ft/min. (m/s) Max. Pressure in. wg (kPa) 6x6 (152x152) 48x60 (1219x1524) 72x60 (1829x1524) 1500 (7.6) 2 (.5) 6x6 (152x152) 48x60 (1219x1524) 72x60 (1829x1524) 1500 (7.6) 2 (.5) O O O O O O O O O O O O O O 6x6 (152x152) 48x74 (1219x1880) Unlimited 3000 (15.2) 5 (1.2) O O O O O O 6x6 (152x152) 74x48 (1880x1219) 148x96 (3759x2438) 3000 (15.2) 5 (1.2) O O O O O O 6x6 (152x152) 48x74 (1219x1880) Unlimited 3000 (15.2) 5 (1.2) O O O O O O 6x6 (152x152) 74x48 (1880x1219) 148x96 (3759x2438) 3000 (15.2) 5 (1.2) O O O O O O 6x6 (152x152) X X X O X O X O X O X O X X X O X O X O X O X O X O O X O O X O O X O O X O O X O O X O O X X X O X X O X X O X X X X O X O X O X O X O X X X O X O X O X O X O X X X O X O X O X O X O X X X X X X X

VCD-15

VCD-18

VCD-20

VCD-20V

VCD-23

VCD-23V

VCD-33

VCD-33V

VCD-34

VCD-40

X X X X O X O

X X O X O

X O

X O .125 (3.2)

X O X

X O X

X O X

Jamb Seals

X O O

X O O

X O O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

O O O O O

O O O O O O O O O

6x6 (152x152) 74x60 (1880x1524) 148x96 (3759x2438) 4000 (20.3) 10 (2.5)

6x6 (152x152) 60x74 (1524x1880) Unlimited 4000 (20.3) 10 (2.5)

6x6 (152x152) 60x74 (1524x1880) Unlimited 6000 (30.5) 6 (1.5)

60x74 (1524x1880) Unlimited 4000 (20.3) 10 (2.5)

18

Ratings

* Actuators include manual, 24V, 120V, 240V, and pneumatic. ** Flanges include single, single reverse, and double ange. *** The inside of the blade is not painted on airfoil blade dampers.

Volume Control Dampers Quick Selection Chart


X = Standard O = Optional
Single Blade 3V Blade Prole 3V-Vertical Blade Airfoil Airfoil-Vertical Blade Airfoil-Insulated Galvanized Frame Material 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Aluminum Galvanized Blade Material 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Aluminum 20 16 Frame Gauge 14 12 10 Aluminum EPDM Blade Seals TPE Silicone Jamb Seals 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Synthetic Bearings Bronze 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Steel Axles 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Linkage Material Steel 304 Stainless Steel 316 Stainless Steel Sleeves Accessories Transitions Actuators* Flanges** Retaining Angles Security Bars Sizing inches (mm) Minimum Size Maximum Single Section Size Maximum MultiSection Size Max. Velocity ft/min. (m/s) Max. Pressure in. wg (kPa) O O O O O O 6x6 (152x152) 60x74 (1524x1880) Unlimited 6000 (30.5) 6 (1.5) 6x6 (152x152) 74x60 (1880x1524) 6x6 (152x152) 60x74 (1524x1880) 6x6 (152x152) 74x60 (1880x1524) 6x6 (152x152) 48x74 (1219x1880) Unlimited 3000 (15.2) 5 (1.2) 6x6 (152x152) 60x74 (1524x1880) Unlimited 4000 (20.3) 10 (2.5) 4 (102) 24 (610) NA 3000 (15.2) 4 (1) O O O O O O O O O O O X O X O X O X O X O O O O O X O O O O O O X O X O X O X O X X X O O X O O X O O X O O X X X O X O X O X X O X X O X X O X X X X O X O .125 (3.2) .125 (3.2) O O X X X X X X X X X O O X X X X X O X X X X X O X X X X X X

VCD-42

VCD-42V

VCD-43

VCD-43V

SEVCD-23

SEVCD-33

VCDR-50
X

VCDR-53
X

VCDRM-50 VCDRM-53

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O O X X

Vinyl

O X

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

X O

4 (102) 24 (610) NA 3000 (15.2) 4 (1)

10 (254) 36 (914) NA 2500 (12.7) 5 (1.2)

10 (254) 36 (914) NA 2500 (12.7) 5 (1.2)

148x96 288 x 222 148x96 (3759x2438) (7315 x 5639) (3759x2438) 6000 (30.5) 6 (1.5) 6000 (30.5) 10 (2.5) 6000 (30.5) 6 (1.5)

Ratings

* Actuators include manual, 24V, 120V, 240V, and pneumatic. ** Flanges include single, single reverse, and double ange. *** The inside of the blade is not painted on airfoil blade dampers.

19

Drive Arrangement Definition


Each damper is given a drive arrangement code to help describe the construction of the damper. The following breaks down what each number and letter represents.

22-2FEL- 2
1 1 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 6 7

Number of sections wide Number of sections high Number of actuators or manual quadrants Who supplies the actuators or manual quadrants F - Factory C - Customer Supplied (field mounted) Actuator or manual quadrant mounting E - External I - Internal B - Both internal and external Actuator or manual quadrant location L - Left-hand drive R - Right-hand drive B - Both right and left Number of jackshafts
Damper Width Actuator or Manual Quadrant Jackshaft Damper Height

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Greenheck offers added value to our wide selection of top performing, energy-efcient products by providing several unique Greenheck service programs. Our Quick Delivery Program ensures shipment of our in-stock products within 24 hours of placing your order. Our Quick Build made-to-order products can be produced in 1-3-5-10- or 15-day production cycles, depending upon their complexity. Greenhecks free Computer Aided Product Selection program (CAPS), rated by many as the best in the industry, helps you conveniently and efciently select the right products for the challenge at hand. Greenheck has been Green for a long time! Our energy-saving products and ongoing corporate commitment to sustainability can help you qualify for LEED credits. Our 3D service allows you to download at no charge lightweight, easy-to-use AutoDesk Revit 3D drawings for many of our ventilation products. Find out more about these special Greenheck services at greenheck.com

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As a result of our commitment to continuous improvement, Greenheck reserves the right to change specifications without notice.
Specific Greenheck product warranties are located on greenheck.com within the product area tabs and in the Library under Warranties.
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00.DMP.1004 R7 8-2013 SP Copyright 2013 Greenheck Fan Corp.