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Englisch

Aktiv/Passiv
Das Passiv wird mit einer Form von be+ Partizip Perfekt (3. Vergangenheitsform) gebildet. Im Deutschen wird das Passiv mit einer Form von werden +Partizip Perfekt gebildet. Fr die Verwendung der Zeitformen gelten die gleichen Regeln wie im Aktiv. Zeit Simple present Simple past Present perfect Past perfect Will-future Form von be Letters are werden geschrieben were wurden geschrieben have been sind geschrieben worden had been waren geschrieben worden will be Werden geschrieben (werden) Partizip Perfekt written written written written written

In den Progressive Formen wird das Passiv immer mit being gebildet. Wie im Aktiv drckt die progressive Form aus, dass etwas gerade im Verlauf war. Zeit Present progressive Form von be Letters are being werden (gerade) geschrieben were being wurden (gerade) geschrieben Partizip Perfekt written

Past progressive

written

In Stzen mit einem modalen Hilfsverb (can, must, may) steht das be im Infinitiv Prsens (be) oder im Infinitiv Perfekt (have been). Modales Hilfsverb Hilfsverb+Form von be Letters should be sollten geschrieben werden must have been mssen geschrieben worden sein Partizip Perfekt written

written

She gave me the book.

was given the book

by her. former subject

Former indirect object form of to be +Partizip

Das Passiv wird durch to be und past participle gebildet. Das Objekt des Aktivsatzes wird zum Subjekt im Passivsatz. Das Subjekt des Aktivsatzes wird zum Objekt im Passivsatz oder wird komplett ausgelassen.

bungen
Aufgabe 1: Bilde Passivstze im Simple Present. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. the documents / print . the window / open the shoes / buy . the car / wash .. the litter / throw away ..

Aufgabe 2: Bilde Passivstze im Simple Past. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. the test / write.. the table / set the cat / feed the lights / switch on .. the house / build

Aufgabe 3: Bilde Passivstze im Present Perfect. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. the postcard / send. the pencils / count .. the door / close .. the beds / make . the mail / write .

Aufgabe 4: Wandle die Aktivstze in Passivstze um. 1. John collects money. 2. Anna opened the window. .. 3. We have done our homework. ... 4. I will ask a question. .. 5. He can cut out the picture. 6. The sheep ate a lot. 7. We do not clean our rooms. .. 8. William will not repair the car. 9. Did Sue draw this circle?

.. . 10. Could you feed the dog?

Aufgabe 5: The Passive

1. English ______ ______________ (speak) in many countries. 2. The new sports shop ______ _____________ (open) yesterday.
past

Simple present Simple Present Will-future Modals

3. The picture _____ _______ ___________ (sell) for two million dollars.
perfect

4. The library ______ _______ ___________ (close) next Saturday. 5. My trousers ______ _______ ___________ (can /wash) in the machine.
Aufgabe 6: Put in either active or passive.

1. Lots of beaches in Cornwall ____________________ (pollute) by the oil tank last summer. 2. When Latif came to Britain, he ____________________ (speak) English with a strong accent. 3. Ladies and gentlemen, after the film tea ____________________ (serve) in the garden. 4. The drinks ____________________ (already - pay) for by the nice lady. 5. Lots of people ____________________ (take) to St Marys Hospital every day. 6. The prisoners ____________________ (catch) by the police yesterday afternoon.

Aufgabe 7: Make passive sentences out of the active ones.

1. Thomas Edison invented the light bulb. 2. Lady Theresa will open a new childrens home next weekend. 3. They usually sell 200 t-shirts a day. 4. Mrs. Woods hasnt used this room for years. 5. Many tourists visit Madame Tussauds every day.

Lsungen
Aufgabe 1: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The documents are printed. The window is opened. The shoes are bought. The car is washed. The litter is thrown away.

Aufgabe 2: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The test was written. The table was set. The cat was fed. The lights were switched on. The house was built.

Aufgabe 3: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The postcard has been sent. The pencils have been counted. The doors have been closed. The beds have been made. The mail has been written.

Aufgabe 4: 1. The money is collected (by John). 2. The window was opened (by Anna). 3. Our homework has been done (by us). 4. A question will be asked (by me). 5. The picture could be cut out (by him). 6. A lot was eaten (by the sheep). 7. Our rooms are not cleaned (by us). 8. The car will not be repaired (by William). 9. Was this circle drawn (by Sue)? 10. Could the dog by fed (by you)? Aufgabe 5: The Passive

1. English is spoken in many countries. 2. The new sports shop was opened yesterday. 3. The picture has been sold for two million dollars.

Simple present Simple past Present perfect

4. The library will be closed next Saturday. 5. My trousers can be washed in the machine.
Aufgabe 6: Put in either active or passive. Modals

Will-future

1. Lots of beaches in Cornwall were polluted by the oil tank last summer. 2. When Latif came to Britain, he has spoken English with a strong accent. 3. Ladies and gentlemen, after the film tea will be served in the garden. 4. The drinks have already been paid for by the nice lady. 5. Lots of people are taken to St Marys Hospital every day. 6. The prisoners were caught by the police yesterday afternoon.
Aufgabe 7: Make passive sentences out of the active ones.

1. Thomas Edison invented the light bulb. The light bulb was invented by Thomas Edison. 2. Lady Theresa will open a new childrens home next weekend.
A new childrens home will be opened by Lady Theresa next weekend.

3. They usually sell 200 t-shirts a day.


200 t-shirts are usually sold every day.

4. Mrs. Woods hasnt used this room for years.


This room hasnt been used by Mrs. Woods for years.

5. Many tourists visit Madame Tussauds every day.


Madame Tussauds is visited by many tourists every day.