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Latent Heat

Heat absorbed or released as the result of a phase change is called latent heat. There is no temperature change during a phase change, thus there is no change in the kinetic energy of the particles in the material. The energy released comes from the potential energy stored in the bonds between the particles.

exothermic (warming processes)


o

condensation warmer in the shower steam radiators freezing orange growers use ice to stop oranges from freezing deposition snowy days are warmer than clear days in the winter

endothermic (cooling processes) o evaporation / boiling sweat alcohol is "cool" o melting melting ice in drinks o sublimation cooling with dry ice Q = mL

Scattered thoughts

Under extreme conditions of heat and exercise, an individual may sweat more than a liter of liquid per hour. The interior of roasted meat can never reach temperatures higher than the boiling point of water until all the water is cooked out of it, at which point it would resemble shoe leather. The outside is quickly dried out, however, and can reach the temperature of the surrounding cooking medium. Cocoa butter is unique among the fats in that it is very regular in composition; whereas most other fats are actually mixtures. This gives it a very definite

point; unlike butter, which softens gradually. As it melts in your mouth, it absorbs latent heat. This makes chocolate bars taste "cool". Cocoa butter is remarkably uniform in composition and structure: only three fatty acids in the majority of its triglycerides, with the same one occupying the middle position. Pure cocoa butter is quite brittle up to about 34 (93 ), at which point it melts quite quickly.

It may seem strange that putting ice on oranges will actually protect them from freezing!! But ice can actually be an insulator, which means it protects against heat loss. Look at igloos. Eskimoes build them and live in them, because the huge blocks of ice or snow actually prevent the cold air from getting inside and the warm air inside from leaving. The air inside the igloo gets warm because of people inside. The same thing happens with an orange with ice on it. The ice keeps the heat from the orange inside, and helps to keep the colder temps from the night air away from the orange. The ice also is at a set temperature, while the night temps of the air will go much colder, which would then destroy and ruin the orange. The ice keeps the temp of the orange at a set temp just above whre it would be ruined.