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ORAL ANATOMY LESSON 5 cementum in a coronal manner usually

found at the apical portion of the tooth


PERIODONTIUM – the supporting and and supports against occlusal stress
investing/surrounding tissues of the teeth • APICAL GROUP OF FIBERS – fibers
running from the cementum at the root
ATTACHMENT APPARATUS – supporting apex to the wall of the fundus of the
tissues bone
INVESTING TISSUES – gingival unit • INTERRADICULAR GROUP OF
FIBERS – fibers of multi-rooted teeth
CEMENTUM – contains fibers extending to running from the cementum from the
the periodontal ligaments that attaches to furcation area of the root to the crest of
the periodontium the interradicular bone

PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT – regularly ALVEOLAR BONE – the portion of the


arranged fibrous connective tissues found maxilla and mandible that surround the
in the periodontal space and helps form tooth
new cementum
DIVISIONS OF THE ALVEOLAR BONE:
PERIODONTAL SPACE – space formed • SUPERFICIAL CORTICAL PLATE OF
between the cementum and the alveolar BONE – begins at the crest of the
bone containing periodontal fibers alveolar bone and continues with plate
of cortical bone and forms the
FUNCTIONS OF PERIODONTAL vestibular and oral aspects (TABLE 1)
LIGAMENT:
• SUPPORTIVE/SUSPENSION
• ALVEOLAR BONE PROPER – forms
the wall or lining if the sockets (TABLE
FUNCTOIN
2)
• FORMATIVE OF DEVELOPMENTAL
RESORPTIVE • SPONGIOSA/CANCELLOUS BONE –
• NURTITIVE softer part of the bone found between
• SENSORY TABLES 1 & 2

PERIODONTAL FIBERS – bear the stress GINGIVAL UNIT – the investing structure
of mastication and the only portion of the periodontium
that is visible in the oral cavity
PRINCIPAL BUNDLES OF FIBERS:
SUBDIVISIONS OF GINGIVA:
• FREE GINGIVAL LIGAMENT – fibers
running from the cementum at the • FREE GINGIVA – gingival
neck of the tooth to the connective surrounding the neck of the tooth
tissue supporting the gingiva like a collar and fills the inter-
proximal spaces between teeth
• TRANSEPTAL/INTERDENTAL FIBERS
– fibers running from the cementum of • MARGINAL GINGIVA – knife-like
the mesial side of the tooth to the edge that extends along the
adjacent distal side of the tooth except cervical level
for the 4 central incisors • INTERDENTAL GINGIVA – fills up
• ALVEOLO-DENTAL FIBERS – fibers the space between teeth
running from the cementum of the • ATTACHED GINGIVA – part of
tooth to the alveolar bone gingival that adheres tightly to the
• ALVEOLAR CREST GROOVE – fibers bone, possesses interdental folds
running from the cementum of the and stippling
cervical third of the tooth to the crest
of the alveolar bone GINGIVAL SULCUS – a space about 1.2-
1.8mm in length that could reach up to
• HORIZONTAL GROUP OF FIBERS – 3mm
fibers running from the cementum to
the wall of the alveolar bone FREE GINGIVAL GROOVE – separates
horizontally free gingival from attached gingiva
• OBLIQUE GROUP OF FIBERS – fibers
running from the alveolar bone to the INTERDENTAL FOLDS – depression
between roots of the teeth
MUCOGINGIVAL JUNCTION – scalloped
line that separates attached gingival from
alveolar mucosa

- Rosette Go 071008 