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# 2-22. Determine the reactions at the supports A, B, D, and F.

Solution: First consider the EF segment in Fig. (a) and the moment equations of equilibrium about E and F as shown below;

## Then the force equations of equilibrium about x direction is:

Second consider the CDE segment in Fig. (b) and the moment equations of equilibrium about C and D as shown below;

(- stands for the opposite direction from the assumed one) Then

## Now consider the ABC segment;

2-33. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction acting at the supports A and C.
Solution: First consider AB and BC segment in Fig. (a) and the moment equations of equilibrium as shown below; (1) (2) Solving equations (1) and (2),

Then the force equations of equilibrium about x and y directions is: For segment AB:

## For segment BC:

2-42. Determine the horizontal and vertical components of reaction at A, C, and D. Assume the frame is pin connected at A, C, and D, and there is a fixed-connected joint at B.
Solution: First consider ABC and CD segment in Fig. (a) and moment and force equations of equilibrium as shown below; For CD segment:

## From Eq. (1).

3-15. Determine the force in each member of the roof truss. State if the members are in tension or compression. Assume all members are pin connected.
Solution: For whole structure, the moment equation of equilibrium:

For joint A: (T) (C) For joint B: (T) (T) For joint H: (1) (2) Solving equations (1) and (2), )

For joint G: (C) (C) The other members are determined from symmetry. And in this solution C stands for compression and T stands for tension.

3-23. Determine the force in members GF, CF, and CD of the roof truss and indicate if the members are in tension or compression.
Solution: For whole structure, the moment equation of equilibrium:

## Basing on method of sections, moment equations of equilibrium: (T) (C)

The other members are determined from symmetry. And in this solution C stands for compression and T stands for tension.

4-10. Determine the internal normal force, shear force, and bending moment at point C. Assume the reactions at the supports A and B are vertical.
Solution: First consider the whole structure in Fig. (a) and moment and force equations of equilibrium as shown below;

For point C (Fig. b): (The internal normal force of point C) (The shear force of point C)

## acts in the opposite direction to that

4-33. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for the beam.
Solution: First consider the whole structure in Fig. (a) and moment and force equations of equilibrium as shown below;

For

For

4-47. Draw the shear and moment diagrams for each member of the frame. Assume the joint at A is a pin and support C is a roller. The joint at B is fixed. The wind load is transferred to the members at the girts and purlins from the simply supported wall and roof segments.
Solution: Consider the whole structure in Fig. (a) and moment and force equations of equilibrium as shown below;