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Outline: 1-Introduction

2-What Is Culture?

3-Four primary cultural dimensions



Learners and teachers may have different needs. This is why needs analysis should be cautious in collecting information from various sources due to the multiplicity and diversity of the views. A needs analysis attempts to collect as much information as possible in order to build a comprehensive understanding of the needs and issues. Once those needs are understood, it is a lot easier to identify potential solutions.

2-Definitions: 2.1. Needs: It relates to the characteristics concerns and potential constraints of the students (Wants, desires, demands, expectation, motivations, lacks, constraints, and requirements (Brindley 1984). The magic word is the word needs. We can only start teaching an ESP student when we know what their needs for the language are. This is also true of all students of course, even if the only thing we find out is that they have no specific needs. The other thing we need to know before starting is what the students want. These two things are often very different from each other! 2.2. Analysis: It seeks to match possible or proposed techniques and materials to these needs and thus identify whether the design is appropriate to the intended goal (Nation). 2.3. Needs Analysis: Is a family of procedures for gathering information about learners and about communication task (Nuan). According to Brown Need analysis is a systematic collection and analysis of all subjective and objective information necessary to define and validate defensible curriculum processes that satisfy the language learning requirements of students within the context of particular institutions that influence the learning and teaching situations. Need Analysis is the process of identifying and evaluating needs in a community or other defined population of people. The identification of needs is a process of describing problems of a target population and possible solutions to these problems. A need has been described as: A gap between what is and what should be. (Witkin) A gap between real and ideal that is both acknowledged by community values and potentially amenable to change. (Reviere)

May be different from such related concepts as wants (something people are willing to pay for) or demands (something people are willing to march for). According to McKillip, "Needs are value judgments: that a target group has problems that can be solved".

3. The purpose of Needs Analysis: - To find out what language skills a learner needs. -To help determine if an existing course adequately addresses the needs of potential students. -To determine which students from a group are most in need of training in particular language skills. -To identify a change of direction that people in a reference group feel is important. -To gap between what students are able to do and what need to be able to do. -To collect information about a particular problem learners are experiencing. -Gathering information about the learners related to their purpose of perusing a learning program. Their attitude to learning English language, their previous learning experiences, cultural background. -Present situational analysis which may provide information about the effectiveness of the prevailing program. -Gathering information regarding the preferred styles of learning or learning needs. -Gathering information regarding the importance of particular skills for the learners and their preferences for their learning those skills. -Gathering information regarding the role and relationship between teachers and learners. -Gathering information regarding the preferences for teaching/ learning activities. 4- Conclusion: Good needs analysis covers a range of information of needs using a range of data collection tools. Because needs are not always clear and are likely changing. It is important that needs are gathered from the multiple perspectives at a variety of time. Overall, needs analysis are useful and helpful in providing a range of information.


Presentation about:

Needs analysis and its purposes

Submitted by: Boudraa Narimane Zine Nawel Messadi Mira