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LAB 14.

01 Step 1:

Step 2:

LAB 14.02 Step 1: PSTN works with only sound. A Microphone translates sound into an analog waveform, then vice versa to a speaker on the other end. Uses a RJ-11 that connects to a NIU outside the house. To use this you require a network interface unit (NIU), which is usually a box located on the outside of the house, a modem in your PC that contains a UART, and your PC. The signal must be converted from analog to digital, and vice versa, on each end of the connection. ISDN used the same wires, but switched the last mile to strictly digital signal. Data and voice is carried over B channels and setup/configuration info is carried over D channels. ISDN uses TA devices instead of modems like PSTN, and has jacks that resemble RJ-45s instead of RJ-11. Step 2: Digital Subscriber Line (DSL), using the same cables as PSTN, also sends a pure digital signal. Symmetric DSL provides equal upload and download speeds and is relatively more expensive. Supported up to 15 Mbps. ADSL provides much higher download speeds than upload. Upload <= 1 Mbps, Download <= 15 Mbps. VDSL is similar to SDSL, whereas the speeds are equal, but offers a maximum speed of 100 Mbps. Step 3: Cable speeds vary depending on the company, but may offer anywhere from 5 Mbps to 100 Mbps. Consists of a cable modem that is separate from a television cable modem, but still uses the same line into the house. Connection travels from the house to a Head End, then to the cable companys network. Uses Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification (DOCSIS) (IPv6) Step 4: Satellite is available in one-way or two-way types. One-way uses satellites to download, but PSTN/Dial-up to upload, Two-way uses satellites for both upload and download. Speeds from 50 Kbps to 500 Kbps, uses a satellite antenna that connects to a modem. Step 5: Mobile Data Services fall into GSM, GRPS, EDGE, HSPDA, and many more. These use the cellular telephone network for connection and often provide wireless NICs to plug into PCs. 802.16 (WiMAX) claims to support a distance of 30 miles with similar speeds to 802.11b. CLEAR and Sprint are the biggest providers (according to Mike) WiMAX routers are available for home use.

Step 6: Fiber is being introduced as Fiber-to-the-House and Fiber-to-the-Premises, Offered by AT&T (Uverse) and Verizon (FiOS). This offers speeds that are potentially greater than 100 Mbps. Most of these technologies use PON, which acts like a neighborhood switch. Step 7: BPL attempts to bring internet connectivity to homes and businesses through the electrical power grid. This is affected by noise and interference from other devices. Companies such as Motorola, Ambient Corporation, and Current Technologies have experimented with BPL, but most attempts have failed. LAB 14.05 Step 1: This will be done on two laptops running Windows 7. Step 2:

Step 3: The default settings on the client PC are Connections may remain open for 6 Hours and the Vista or later box is unchecked. Step 4: CANNOT COMPLETE - CONNECTION CANNOT BE MADE

I tried very hard to get this to work (It is currently 6:40 a.m. and I havent slept yet) but no matter what I do I keep getting error messages when trying to access my laptop from another. It seems to be a software issue that Im not sure how to fix at the moment.