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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Enhancements
New Module
1. General Section Designer

Pre/Post Processing
1. Section Manager 2. Improvement in Beam Detail Analysis 3. Tendon DXF Export and much more

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Analysis
1. Moment-Curvature Calculation 2. Damping Ratios by Material Properties 3. Considering Consistent Mass in Time History Analysis 4. Improvement in Group Damping And much more

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Design
1. Irregular Section Check as per EC2-2:06 2. MS Excel Report for Composite Plate-Girder design as per EC4

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

New module
1. General Section Designer

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

1. General Section Designer


General Section Check or GSD is a new module added to midas Civil. Scope of GSD: Definition of any irregular cross-section Calculation of section properties Generation of P-M, P-My-Mz, M-M interaction curves Calculation of Section Capacity (in flexure) and Safety Ratio based on member forces Generation of Moment-Curvature curve Plot of stress contours for all the cross-sections All the above features are supported for: RC sections, Steel sections and Composite sections.

Work Process

Stress Contour

3D PM Interaction Curve

Moment- Curvature

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

User Interface
GSD can be called from midas Civil by Tools > General Section Designer. In one model file, more than one section can be created and saved under different names. All the sections are listed in the Works Tree. Double click the section name in the Works Tree to show the section in the section view.

Main menu

Works Tree

Toolbar

Section View

Table Window

Coordinates

Message Window

Unit Control

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 1. Define material Materials : RC or Steel Applied Codes: Eurocode, UNI, British Standard, ASTM, Indian Standard, etc. Nonlinear material properties can also be assigned to concrete, structural steel and rebar materials.

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 1. Define material Nonlinear Material Properties Concrete nonlinear properties

Parabolic Stress-strain Curve

Kent & Park Model

Steel nonlinear properties

Menegotto-Pinto Model

Asymmetrical Bi-linear Curve


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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 2. Define cross-section Basic shape section by selecting a section from the DB of the standard sections for a country Any irregular cross-section by specifying the shape in the Section View or entering coordinates into a table
Model > Shape > Basic Shape

General type shape

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 2. Define cross-section Merging two shapes Creating hollow sections
Model > Shape > Merge Shape

Copy Shapes Merged Shapes

Creating Hollow Section

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 3.1 Select Rebar Material The following stress-strain curves can be assigned to rebars: Elastic-Only Bilinear Model Menegotto-Pinto Model Park Strain Hardening
Model > Rebar > Rebar Material

Park Strain Hardening Bilinear Model Menegotto-Pinto Model

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 3.2 Add Rebars: Various patterns are available for assigning the rebars to a section. Point pattern : Add rebar at a single point. Line Pattern : Add rebars in a line. Arc Pattern : Add rebars in circular arc patterns. Rectangular Pattern : Add rebars in a rectangular pattern. Perimeter Pattern : Add rebars around the outer perimeter of the section by specifying the concrete cover and number of rebars.
Model > Rebar > Rebar-Point Pattern

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 4. Define Load Combinations and member forces Sign Convention: Clockwise moment about the y and z axes are taken as positive. Counter-clockwise moments are taken as negative. P is taken as positive towards +z axis. Step 5. Cross-section Properties: Apart from general section properties, Principal Properties, Section Modulus & Plastic properties are also calculated.
Model > Define Load Combination

Model > Section Property

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 6.1 Check Results: Interaction Curves

Result > Interaction curve

P-M interaction curve for a specified angle

P-M interaction curve for a Load Combination

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 6.1 Check Results: Interaction Curves

Result > Interaction curve

M-M interaction curve for a Load combination

3 D interaction surface showing all the load combination

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Work Process
Step 6.2 Check Results: Moment-curvature curve Step 6.3 Check Result: Stress Contour
Result > Moment Curvature Curve

Move mouse pointer on the curve to see the strain diagram at a particular point.

Moment-curvature curve

Result > Stress Contour

Stress contours

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midas

Civil

New Module: GSD

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Pre & Post-processing


1. Section Manager 2. Improvement in Beam Detail Analysis 3. Tendon DXF Export 4. Improvement in Tendon Profile Generator

5. Addition of Header and Footer in Dynamic Report Generator


6. Improvement in Traffic line-lane and surface-lane display

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

1. Section Manager (1) Stiffness


For various types of sections (DB, PSC, Tapered Section, Composite Section, General and Composite General Section), transformed section properties can be calculated reflecting tendons and reinforcement.

Transformed section properties can be calculated at various locations of a section (1/4 , 2/4
, 3/4) and the placement of Tendon/Reinforcement can be viewed. Existing functions Section Stiffness Scale Factor and Cross Section Viewer have been integrated.
Model > Properties > Section Manager

Stiffness Mode of Section Manager

Check the transformed section properties with Reinforcement and Tendon reflected

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

(2) Reinforcement Input


Input of Longitudinal Reinforcement becomes more convenient (Point/Line/Arc/Circle/Poly Line Type are available for Grid input). Input of Reinforced Shear becomes more convenient.

Model > Properties > Section Manager

XP style dialog needed

Placement of reinforcements using Guide Line

Reinforcement Mode of Section Manager

Reinforced Shear Input Dialog Box

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

(3) Definition of Stress Points


It is now possible to define arbitrary stress points for various types of sections (DB, PSC / PSC Value, Tapered Section, Composite Section, General / Composite General Section). Part 2 of the composite section can now be defined with stress points.

Model > Properties > Section Manager

Stress Points Mode of Section Manager

Base Stress Points

Additional Stress Points (for Part 2)

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

2.Improvement in Beam Detail Analysis


Stress calculations at any points are now available for more section types (DB, PSC, Tapered Section, Composite Section, General and Composite General Section). Added stress points can be produced in an Excel report.

Results > Beam Detail Analysis

Check Additional Stress using Beam Detail Analysis

Excel report about Additional Stress

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

3. Tendon DXF export


Tendon Profiles can be exported to DXF in a 2D format (XZ Plane , XY Plane).

Load > Prestress Loads > Tendon Profile

Tendon exported as a DXF File

Tendon placement in a FCM bridge

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

4. Improvement in Tendon Profile Generator


Tendon profiles imported from DXF can be placed in one go, using Origin Point. Various CAD Line Types can be imported.

Tools > Tendon Profile Generator

Tendon Profile Generator Input Dialog Box

Imported Tendon Profiles

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

5. Addition of Header and Footer in Dynamic Report Generator


In the dynamic report, we can add the project information in the header and footer of MS Word. Project Information includes Project Name, Revision, User Name, E-mail, Address, Telephone, Fax, Client, Title, File Name, Created, Directory, Modified, and File Size.

Procedure of Header and Footer Generation


1. Fill out the Project Information in the File tab. 2. Open the Dynamic Report and double-click Header and Footer in the Report Tree. 3. Select the items to add or remove in the header or footer field by clicking arrow buttons.

4. Use up and down arrows to arrange the order of header and footer items.
5. Click OK to confirm.

Tools > Dynamic Report Generator

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

8. Improvement in Traffic Line-lane and Surface-lane display


After displaying the traffic surface lanes, it took long time to change the display of model view. Now, once the traffic surface lanes have been displayed, the view can be changed instantly. After a first display of the traffic surface lanes, the lanes can be displayed instantly from the second time of displaying. Each lane can be displayed separately.

Display all the lanes at a time

Display one lane at a time

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midas

Civil

Pre/Post Processing

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Analysis
1. Moment-Curvature Calculation 2. Damping Ratios by Material Properties 3. Considering Consistent Mass in Time History Analysis 4. Improvement in Group Damping

5. Considering Static Load Case for the Initial Loading in Time


History Analysis 6. Considering the Construction Stage Load for Initial Loading in Pushover Analysis 7. Option for cumulating reactions and displacements due to initial loads in Pushover Analysis

8. Considering Boundary Change Assignment Function in Pushover


Analysis 9. Option for Considering the Shear Failure in Pushover Analysis 10.Addition of Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-Drnevich Models in Inelastic Hinge Properties

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

1. Moment-Curvature Calculation
Moment-Curvature Curve calculation function has been added, which is one way of evaluating the section capacity when evaluating the earthquake resistance for existing bridges. Through the simple input of hysteresis curves of various materials, the section capacity can be calculated quickly.

Model > Properties > Moment-Curvature Curve


Assign the hysteresis property

Hysteresis curves of Concrete and Steel

Moment-Curvature Curve

Produce the results

Moment-Curvature Curve input dialog box

Produce the report

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

2. Damping Ratios by Material Properties


An option considering different damping ratios for different materials has been added in the Material Data for time history analysis and response spectrum analysis. In order to apply the damping ratio specified in the Material Data, following damping method needs to be selected in the Time History Load Cases. Response Spectrum Analysis : Strain Energy Proportional Time History Analysis: Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional or Strain Energy Damping

Load > Time History Analysis Data > Time History Load Cases Model > Properties > Material > Add > Damping Ratio

Default value of damping ratio by material types - Steel : 0.02 (2%) - Concrete / SRC : 0.05 (5%) - USER : 0.00 (0%)

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Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

3. Considering Consistent Mass in History Analysis


Now Consistent Mass and Off-diagonal Masses option of Lumped Mass can be considered during the linear and nonlinear time history analysis. In the previous versions, only Lumped Mass could be applied in the time history analysis when Offdiagonal Masses option is checked on. If the Consistent Mass or Off-diagonal Mass option is used, Lanczos method must be selected when performing Eigenvalue Analysis.

Model > Structure Type

Consistent Mass

Mass Offset (Off-diagonal Masses)

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

4. Improvement in Group Damping


Group Damping dialog box has been divided into Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional and Strain Energy Proportional. Now Mass Coefficient (alpha) can be considered. Coefficients for mass and stiffness (alpha and beta) are automatically calculated.

Model > Properties > Group Damping : Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional Model > Properties > Group Damping : Strain Energy Proportional

Element Mass & Stiffness Proportional

Strain Energy Proportional

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

5. Considering Static Load Case for the Initial Loading in Time History Analysis
Now Static Analysis Result Import (ST) can be considered as an initial load. In the previous versions, the axial force due to ST initial load was not reflected when determining the yielding of a hinge. In the new version, the axial force due to ST initial load is reflected when calculating the yield strength of moment component. When Increment Method>Load Control is used, Time History Load Cases>Scale Factor is now reflected.
Load > Time History Analysis Data > Time History Load Cases

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

6. Considering the Construction Stage Load for Initial Loading in Pushover Analysis
Final stage member forces from construction stage analysis can be used as initial loads

for the pushover analysis.


Pushover Analysis > Pushover Analysis Control

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

7. Option for cumulating reactions and displacements due to initial loads in Pushover Analysis
In the previous versions, reactions due to initial loads were cumulative whereas

displacements due to initial loads were not cumulative.


Now the user can choose whether to cumulate reactions/displacements due to initial loads or not.
Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Load Cases

In the previous versions, the results due to initial loads were For Reaction/Story shear: cumulative For Displacement: not cumulative

When the initial load filed is displayed as Import ST/CS Result, this option is not available. Note that the results from the new version may not be the same as that from the previous versions of midas Civil because of this option.

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Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

8. Considering Boundary Change Assignment Function in Pushover Analysis


This function can be applied to the following condition:
- When the boundary condition of the initial loading is different from that of the pushover loading - When the section stiffness scale factor assigned for the initial loading is different from that of the pushover loading

Analysis > Boundary Change Assignment to Load Cases/Analyses

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

9. Option for Considering the Shear Failure in Pushover Analysis


New option for considering the shear component failure has been added. When the option is selected, the analysis will automatically terminate if the shear hinge occurs in the selected member type.

Design > Pushover Analysis > Pushover Global Control

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

10. Addition of Ramberg-Osgood and Hardin-Drnevich Models in Inelastic Hinge Properties


Two material models have been added to the Inelastic Hinge Properties (Ramberg-

Osgood, Hardin-Drnevich)
It can be applied for the inelastic time history analysis of the soil.

Model > Properties > Inelastic Hinge Properties

Ramberg-Osgood, Hardin-Drnevich Hysteresis Curve

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midas

Civil

Analysis

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

Design
1. Irregular Section Check as per EC2-2:06 2. MS Excel Report for Composite Plate-Girder design as per EC4

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midas

Civil

Design

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

1. Irregular Section Check as per EC2-2:06


Any column with an irregular section can be checked as per EUROCODE2-2: 06 at Ultimate Limit State for moment and shear. Sections imported from AutoCAD or SPC can be checked. Point, linear, and circular type rebars can be assigned to the irregular section.
Design > Concrete Design > Column General Section Data for Checking

Assign rebar to irregular section

Design > Concrete Design > Concrete Code Check > Column Checking

Graphic design report

3D interaction surface

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midas

Civil

Design

Civil 2011 (v1.1)Release Note

2. MS Excel Report for Composite Plate-Girder design as per EC4


Detailed report in MS Excel format can be generated after Composite Plate-Girder design is performed as per EC4.
Design > Composite Plate Girder Design > Position for Design Output

Select Position for Design Output

Design > Composite Plate Girder Design > Print Result

Detailed design report

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