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Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction

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SOLVED EXAMPLES
Example 38.1
Figure shows a conducting loop placed near a long straight wire carrying a current i as shown. If the current
increases continuously, find the direction of the induced current in the loop.
Sol. Let us put an arrow on the loop as shown in the figure. The right-hand thumb rule shows that the positive
normal to the loop is going into the plane of the diagram. Also, the same rule shows that the magnetic field
at the site of the loop due to the current is also going into the plane of the diagram. Thus,
B

and
S d

are
along the same direction everywhere so that the flux
}
= u S d B

is positive. If i increases, the magnitude
increases,
dt
du
is positive. Thus, c is negative and hence, the current is negative. The current is, therefore,
induced in the direction opposite to the arrow.
Example 38.2
Figure shows a rectangular loop MNOP being pulled out of a magnetic field with a uniform velocity v by
applying an external force F. The length MNis equal to l and the total resistance of the loop is R. Find (a) the
current in the loop, (b) the magnetic force on the loop, (c) the power delivered by the external force and (e) the
thermal power developed in the loop.



v


F
O
P M
N
Sol. (a) The emf induced in the loop is due to the motion of the wire
MN. The emf is e = vB with the positive end at Nand the negative
end at M. The current is
i =
R
c
=
R
vB



v


F
O
P M
N
F
1
F
2
F
2
in the clockwise direction (figure).
(b) The magnetic force on the wire MN is B i F
1


= . The magnitude is F
1
= iB =
R
vB
2 2

and is opposite to
the velocity. The forces on the parts of the wire NOand PM, lying in the field, cancel each other. The resultant
magnetic force on the loop is, therefore, F
1
=
R
v B
2 2

opposite to the velocity..


(c) To move the loop at a constant velocity, the resultant force on it should be zero. Thus, one should pull the
loop with a force
F = F
1
=
R
vB
2 2

.
(d) The power delivered by the extenal force is
P = Fv =
R
B v
2 2 2

.
(e) The thermal power developed is
P = i
2
R =
2
R
vB
|
.
|

\
|
R =
R
B v
2 2 2

.
We see that the power delivered by the external force is equal to the thermal power developed in the loop.
This is consistent with the principle of conservation of energy.
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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Example 38.3
An average induced emf of 0.20 V appears in a coil when the current in it is changed form 5.0 A in one
direction to 5.0 Ain the opposite direction in 0.20 s. Find the self-inductance of the coil.
Sol. Average s / A 50
s 20 . 0
) A 0 . 5 ( ) A 0 . 5 {
dt
di
=

=
Using c = L
dt
di
0.2 V = L(50 A/s)
or, L =
mH 0 . 4
s / A 50
V 2 . 0
=
Example 38.4
Consider the circuit shown in figure. The sliding contact is being pulled towards right so that the resistance
in the circuit is increasing. Its value at the instant shown in 12 W. Will the current be more than 0.50Aor less
than it at this instant?
r
20 mH
6V
Sol. As the sliding contact is being pulled, the current in circuit charnges. An induced emf e = L
dt
di
is produced
across the inductor. The net emf in the circuit is 6 V = L
dt
di
and hence the current is
O

=
12
dt
di
L V 6
i
....(i)
at the instant shown. Now the resistance in the circuit is increasing, the current is decreasing and so
dt
di
is
negative. Thus, the numerator of (i) is more than 6V and hence i is greater than
O 12
V 6
= 0.50 A.
Example 38.5
In inductor (L = 20 mH), a resistor (R = 100 O) and a battery (c = 10 V) are connected in series. Find (a) the
time constant, (b) the maximum current and (c) the time elapsed before the current reaches 99% of the
maximumvalue.
Sol. (a) The time constant is
O
= = t
100
mH 20
R
L
= 0.20 ms
(b) The maximum current is
i = c/R =
O 100
V 10
= 0.10 A.
(c) Using i = i
0
(1 e
t/t
),
0.99 i
0
= i
0
(1 e
t/t
)
or, e
t/t
= 0.01
or,
t
t
= ln(0.01)
or, t = (0.20 ms) ln (100) = 0.92 ms.
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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Example 38.6
An inductor (L = 20 mH), a resistor (R = 100 O) and a battery (c = 10 V) are connected in series. After a long
time the circuit is short-circuited and then the battery is disconnected. Find the current in the circuit 1 ms
after short-circuiting.
Sol. The initial current is i = i
0
= c/R =
O 100
V 10
= 0.10 A.
The time constant is t = L/R =
ms 20 .
100
mH 20
=
O
.
The current at t = 1 ms is
i = i
0
e
t/t
= (0.10 A)e
(1 ms / 0.20 ms)
= (0.10 A)e
5
= 6.7 10
4
A.
Example 38.7
Calculate the energy stored in an inductor of inductance 50 mH when a current of 2.0Ais passed through it.
Solution :
The energy stored is
J 10 . 0 ) A 0 . 2 )( H 10 50 (
2
1
Li
2
1
U
2 3 2
= = =

Example 38.8
A solenoid S
1
is placed inside another solenoid S
2
as shown in figure. The radii of the the inner and the outer
solenoids are r
1
and r
2
respectively and thenumbers of turns per unit length are n
1
and n
2
respectively.
Consider a length l of each solenoid. Calculate the mutual inductance between them.
s
1
s
2
Sol. Suppose a current i is passed through the inner solenoid s
1
. Amagnetic field B =
s
n
1
i is produced inside s
1
whereas the field outside it is zero. The flux through each trun of s
2
is
Btr
1
2
= m
0
itr
1
2
.
The total flux through all the turns in a length of s
2
is
u= (
0
n
1
itr
1
2
) n
2
= (
0
n
1
n
2
tr
1
2
)i.
Thus, M=
0
n
1
n
2
tr
1
2
.
QUESTIONS FOR SHORT ANSWER
1. A metallic loop is placed in a uniform magnetic field. Will an emf be induced in the loop ?
2. An inductor is connected to a battery through a switch. Explain why the emf induced in the indutor is
much larger the switch is opened as comapered to the emf induced when the switch is closed.
3. The coil of a moving-coil galvanometer keeps on oscillating for a long time if it is deflected and released.
If the ends of the coil are connected together , the oscillation stops at once , Explain.
4. A short magnet is moved along the axis of a conducting loop. Show that the loop repels the magnet if
the magnet if the magnet is approaching the loop and attracts the magnet if ir is going away from the
loop.
5. Two circular loops are placed coaxially but separated by a distance. A battery is suddenly connected
to one of the loops establishing a current in it. Will there be a current induced in the other loop ? If yes
, when does the current start and when does it end ? Do the loops attract each other or do they repel?
6. The battery discussed in the previous question is suddenly disconnected. Is a current induced in the
other loop ? If yes , when does it start and when does it end ? Do the loops attract each other or repel?
If the magnetic field outside a copper box is suddenly changed , what happens to the magnetic field
inside the box ? Such low-resistivity metals are used to form enclosures which shield objects inside
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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them against varying magnetic fields.
8. Metallic (nonferromagnetic) and nonmetallic particles in a solid waste may be separated as follows.
The waste is allowed to slide down an incline over permanent magnets. The metallic particles slow
down as compared to the nonmetallic ones and hence are separated. Discuss the role of eddy currents
in the process.
9. A pivoted aluminimum bar falls much more slowly through a small region containing a magnetic field
than a similar bar of an insulating material . Explain.
10. A metallic bob A oscillates through the space between the poles of an electromagnet . The oscillates
are more quickly damped when the circuit is on , as compared to the case when the circuit is off.
Explain.
N
S
A
11. Two circular loops are placed with their centres separated by a fixed distance. How would you orient
the loops to have (a) the largest mutual inductance (b) the smallest mutual inductance ?
12. Consider the self-inductance per unit length of a solenoid at its centre and that near its ends. Which fo
the two is greater ?
13. Consider the energy density in a solenoid at its centre and that near its ends. Which of the two is
greater ?
Objective - I
1. Arod a length l rotates with a small but uniform angular velocity eabout its perpendicular bisector. Auniform
magnetic field B exists parallel to the axis of rotation. The potential difference between the centre of the rod
and an end is
n-i: ini (+ z :=+ n- ~z+ + l- +n l+-- (+ =ni- +iii n e= in ti t ti ii-
~-i + =ni-- :ln- =n --+i -izi Blni- t z + +-< -ii :=+ (+ l= + n lii-- t
(A) zero (B*)
1
8
eBl
2
(C)
1
2
eBl
2
(D) Bel
2
2. Arod of length l rotates with a uniformangular velocity eabout its perpendicualr bisector. Auniformmagnetic
field B exists parallel to the axis of rotation. The potential difference between the two ends of the rod is
n-i: ini (+ z :=+ n- ~i + + l- ( =ni- +i ii n e= i n ti t ti i i - ~-i + =ni--
:ln- =n - -+i -izi Blni- t z + +-< -ii z + <i-i l=i + i- lii-- t
(A*) zero (B)
1
2
eBl
2
(C) Bel
2
(D) 2Bel
2
3. Consider the situation shown in fig. If the switch is closed and after some time it is opened again, the closed
loop will show
l-zi n <lzi- ll-il- l-i +il l< l-- -< l+i i-i t ~i +z =n z-i- :=+i - iin
l<i i-i t . -< n <lzi - +ni
(A) an anticlockwise current-pulse
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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(B) a clockwise current-pulse
(C) an anticlockwise current-pulse and then a clockwise current-pulse
(D*) a clockwise current-pulse and then an anticlockwise current-pulse
(A) (+ ini-i iii -<
(B) (+ <l-iii-i iii -<
(C) (+ ini-i iii -< ~i l+ (+ <l-iii-i iii -<
(D*) (+ <l-iii-i iii -< ~i l+ (+ ini-i iii -<
4. Solve the previous question if the closed loop is completely enclosed in the circuit containing the switch.
lzn z- +i tn +il . l< < n i-i l-- in li + ~-< lz t
(C*)
5. A bar magnet is relased from rest along the axis of a very long, vertical copper tube. After some time the
magnet
-i +i (+ t- n-i -ni +i ~-i + ~-l<zi (+ z --+ +i lnii i-i t +z =nz-i- --+
(A) will stop in the tube (B*) will move with almost contant speed
(C) will move with an acceleration g (D) will oscillate
(A) -ni n + i ni (B*) nnin l-- -in = nl- + ni
(C) g i + =ii nl- +ni (D) <i n- + ni
6. Fig. shown a horizontal solenoid connected to a battery and a switch. Acopper ring is place on a frictionless
track, the axis of the ring being along the axis of the solenoid. As the switch is closed, the ring will
l-zi n <lzi- l+i ni t l+ (+ -il- l-ln+i (+ i ( (+ l-- + =ii i t: t iii lt- i
-i +i (+ n := +i ii t: t l+ n +i ~-i. l-ln+i +i ~-i + ~-l<zi t = ti l-- -<
l+i i-i t -i n
(A) remain stationery l-i t ni
(B) move towards the solenoid l-ln+i +i ~i nl- + ni
(C*) move away fromthe sloenoid l-ln+i = nl- + ni
(D) move towards the solenoid or away from it depending on
l-ln+i +i ~i nl- + ni i -==
which terminal (positive or neagtive) of the battery is connected to the left end of the solenoid.
t := l-i +ni l+ l-ln+i + i l= = i +i +i-=i ln-n (i-in+ i +iin+) i t ~i
t
7. Consider the following statements:
(a) An emf can be induced by moving a conductor in a magnetic field
(b) An emf can be induced by changing the magnetic field.
l--- +i-i l-i +il
(a) l+=i -in +i --+i -izi n nl- +i+ l.i.. l- l+i i =+-i t
(b) --+i -izi ll-- ++ l.i.. l- l+i i =+-i t
(A*) Both Aand B are true (B) A is true but B is false
(C) B is true but A is false (D) BothAand B are false
(A*) A B <i -i ti = t (B) A= t . l+-- B ~= t
(C) B = t . l+-- A~= t (D) A B <i -i nn- t
8. Consider the situation shown in fig. The wire AB is slid on the fixed rails with a constant velocity. If the wire
AB is rep;aced by a semicircular wire, the magnitude of the induced current will
l-zi n <lzi - l-il- l-i +il -i AB l-i li l-- n = l+=n ti t l< -i AB+i
~z -ii+i -i = l--iil- + l<i i -i l- iii +i lnii tini
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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(A) increase (B*) remain the same
(C) decrease
(D) increase or decrease depending on whether the semicircle bulges towards the resistance or away from
it.
(A) c ni (B*) ti tni
(C) +n ti ni
(D) +n tini i c ni t := l-i +ni l+ ~z-i +i -ii l-ii +i ~i t i :== t
9. Fig. shows a conducting loop being pulled out of a magnetic field with a speed u. Which of the four plots
shown in fig. may represnet the power delovered by the pulling agent as a function of the speed u.
l-zi (a) n <zii i ni t l+ (+ -in+ n +i l-- -in u + =ii --+i -izi + it ii -i i ti t l-zi
(b) n <lzi - -i n i+i n = +i -=i ii -- ini l+-,ii zil+ +i -in v + +n- n <lzi - +-i t
(B*)
10. Two circular loops of equal radii are placed coaxially at some separation. The first is cut and a battery is
inseted in between to dirve a current in it. The current changes slightly because of the variation in resistance
with temperature. During the period, the two loops
=ni- lzii~i in <i -ii+i ni +i +z ~-in =ni-i- ii ni t tn n n iii ilt- +- +
ln :=+i +i+ :=n (+ i nnii i-i t -i n l-- + +ii l-ii ll-- ti- = iii ii i
=i ll- - ti -i t := +in n <i -i n
(A*) attract each other
(B) repel each other
(C) do not exert any force on each other
(D) attract or repel each other depending on the sense of the current
(A*) - ~i+li - + n
(B) - l-+li - + n
(C) (+ < = +i : n -ti nni n
(D) iii +i l<zii + ~iii (+ <= +i ~i+li- +n i l-+li- +n
11. A small, conducting circular loop is placed inside a long solenoid carrying a current. The plane of the loop
contains the axis of the solenoid. If the current in the solenoid is varied, the current induced in the loop is
(+ zi i -ii+i -in+ n. (+ n-i iiiiti l-ln+i n ii t~i t n + -n n l-ln+i +i ~-i l-i-
t l< l-ln+i +i ~-i l-i- t l< l-lni n iii ll- - +i i -i n n l- iii tini
(A) clockwise (B) anticlockwise (C*) zero
(D) clockwise or anticlockwise depending on whether the resistance in increased or decreased.
(A) <l-iii-i (B) ini-i (C*) zi-
(D) <l-iii-i tini i ini-i tini t := l-i +ni l+ l-ii c ii i-i t i +n l+i i-i t
12. Aconducting square loop of side l and resistance Rmoves in its plane with a uniformvelocity u perpendicular
to one of its sides. Auniform and constant magnetic field B exists along the perpendicular to the plane of the
loop in fig. The current induced in the loop is
ii ~i Rl-ii ini (+ -in+ n :=+ -n + ~-l<zi (+ =ni- n v = :=+i (+ ii + n--
nl-ziin t n + -n + n-- l-zi n <zii ~-=i (+ =n --+i -izi B lni- t n n l-
iii t
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(A) Blu/R clockwise (B) Blu/R anticlockwise
(C) 2Blu/R anticlockwise (D*) zero
(A) Blu/R <l-iii-i (B) Blu/R ini-i
(C) 2Blu/Rini-i (D*) zi-
Objective - II
1. A bar magnet is moved along the axis of a copper ring placed far away from the magnet, an anticlockwise
current is found to be induced in the ring. Which of the following may be true ?
(+ z - -+ +i . :== t - ~li+ < l-i- ii t : -i +i n +i ~-i + ~- l<zi nl- +ii i-i t - -+
+i ~i = <i- . n n l- iii +i l<ziiini-i l-i- ti-i t l--- n = +i-=i = ti =+-i t
(A) The south pole faces the ring and the magnet moves towards it
(B*) The north pole faces the ring asnd the magnet moves towards it
(C*) The south pole faces the ring and the magnet moves away from it.
(D) The north pole faces the ring and the manget moves away from it.
(A) <l-ii i. n +i ~i t -ii --+ :=+i ~i ~i ti t
(B*) --i i. n +i ~i t -ii --+ :=+i ~i ~i ti t
(C*) <l-ii i. n +i ~i t -ii --+ :== < i ti t
(D) --i i. n +i ~i t -ii --+ := < i ti t
2. A conducting rod is moved with a constant velocity u in a magnetic field. A potential difference. A potential
difference appears across the two ends
(+ -in z l- n b + =ii l+=i - -+i -izi n nl-ziin t :=+ <i-i l=i + i- lii- --- tini
(A) if

u

l (B) if

u

B (C) if

l

B (D*) none of these
3. A conduction loop is placed in a uniform magnetic filed with its plane perpenducular to the field. An emf is
induced in the loop if
(+ -in+ n +i =n --+i -izi n := +i ii nit l+ :=+i -n -izi + n-- t n n l.i..
l- ti ni. l<
(A) it is translated (B) it is rotated about its axis
(C*) it is rotated about a diameter (D*) it is deformed
(A) :=+i -ii-i- -l- l+i i (B) :=+i :=+i ~-i + l- ili- l+i i
(C*) :=+i. i= + l- i i- l+i i (D*) :=+i ll- l+i i
4. Ametal sheet is placed in front of a strong magnetic pole. Aforce needed to
n --+i i + =in- ii- +i -n ii i-i t (+ n +i ~iz+-i tini
(A*) hold the sheet there if the metal is magnetic
(B) hold the sheed there if the metal is nonmagnetic
(C*) move the sheet away from the pole with uniform velocity if the metal is magnetic
(D*) move the sheet away from the pole with uniform velocity if the metal is nonmagnetic.
Negative any effect if oaramagnetism, diamagnetism and gravity.
(A*) l< ii- --+i t . -i -n +i ti + + i- + ln
(B) l< ii- ~--+i t. -i -n +i ti + + i- + ln
(C*) l< ii- --+i t -i zii +i (+ =ni- n = i = < n i- + ln
(D*) l< ii- ~--+i t -i zii +i (+ =ni- n = i = < n i- + ln ~---+. l- --+ i
n + l+=i ii ii +i -n ni- lnlz
5. A constant current i is maintained in a solenoid. Which of the following quantities will increase if an iron rod
is inserted in the soleniod along axis ?
(+ l-ln+i n l-- iii v -iil- l< l-ln+i n :=+i ~-i + ~-l<zi nit +i z l +ii i
-i l--- n = +i-=i ilzi c ni
(A*) magnetic field at the centre (B*) mangetic flux linked with the solenoid
(C*) self-inductance of the solenoid (D) rate of Joule heating
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(A*) +-< -n+i -izi (B*) l-ln+i = =-z --+i +n+=
(C*) l-ln+i~i +i - + (D) n -ni +i <
6. Two solenoids have identical geometrical construction but one is made of thick wire and the other of thin wire.
Which of the following quantities are different for the two solenoids ?
(A) self-inductance (B*) rate of Joule heating if the same current goes through them
(C) magnetic field energy if the same current goes through them
(D*) time constant if one solenoid is connected to one battery and the other is connected to another battery
<i l-ln+i~i +i iln-i -i (+ =i t. l+-- (+ ni -i = <=i -n -i = -ii ni t <i-i
l-ln+i~i + ln l--- ilzii n = +i -=i li--li-- t -
(A) - + (B*) l< <i -i = =ni- iii( ilt- ti -i n -ni +i <
(C) l< <i-i = =ni- iii( ilt- ti -i --+i -izi +i -i
(D*) l< (+ l-ln+i +i (+ i = i i i -ii <=i +i . :=+i i = i i i -i =n l-ii +
7. An LR circuit with a battery is connected at t =0. Which of the following quantities is not zero just after the
connection ?
(A) current in the circuit (B) magnetic field energy in the inductor
(C) power delivered by the battery (D*) emf induced in the inductor
l+=i LRli n t =0 i nnii ni t =i - + - - z-i- l--- ilzii n = +i -=i ~zi - t -
(A) li n iii (B) + n - -+i -i
(C) + n - -+i -i (D*) + n l- l.i.n
8. ArodAB moves with a uniform velocity v in a uniform magnetic field as shown in fig.
(+ z AB(+ =ni- n v + =ii l-zi n <zii ~-=i =n --+i -izi n nl-ziin t -
(A) The rod becomes electrically charged
(B*) The endAbecomes positively charged
(C) The end B become positibely charged
(D) The rod becomes hot because of Joule heating
(A) z l- ~ilzi- ti i-i t
(B*) Al=i i-ilzi- ti i-i t
(C) B l=i i-ilzi- ti i-i t
(D) n -ni + +ii z nn ti i-i t
9. L, C and R represent the physical quantities inductance, capacitance and resistance combinations have
dimensions of frequency ?
ii l-+ ilzii . +. iil-i ( l-i i +i +nzi L, C( R,ii +- l+i i-i t l--- n = l+= +i lni(
~i l-i +i t -
(A*)
1
RC
(B*)
R
L
(C*)
1
LC
(D) C/L
10. The switches in fig. and are closed at t = 0 and reopened after a long time at t = t
0
.
(A) The change on C just after t = 0 is C. (B*) The change on C long after t = 0 is C.
(C*) The current in L just before t = t
0
is /R (D) The current in L long after t = t
0
is /R
l-zii (a) (b) n l--i +i t = 0 < l+i ni t. ~i (+ n- =n t = t
0
+ z-i- - ii ni ni t -
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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(A) t = 0 + - - z-i- C ~i zi Ct (B*) t = 0 + n- =n z-i- C ~i zi C t
(C*) t = t
0
+ - - tn L = ilt- iii /R t (D) t = t
0
+ t- =n z-i- L = ilt- iii /Rt
WORKED OUT EXAMPLES
EXERCISE
1. Calculate the dimensions of
(a)
}
. l d . E

(b) vBL and
(c)
dt
d
B
u
. The symbols have their usual meanings.
(a)
}
. l d . E

(b) vBL -ii (c)
dt
d
B
u
+i lni~i +i ni-i +il =+-i + =ini- ~i t
Ans. M L
2
I
1
T
3
in each case.
2. The flux of magnetic field through a closed conducting loop changes with time according to the equation
u =at
2
+ bt + c. (a) Write the SI units of a, b, and c. (b) If the magnitudes of a, b and c are 0.20 , 0.40,
0.60 respectively, find the induced emf at t = 2 s.
(+ < -in+ n = n - in - -+i -i zi +i +n+= =n + =ii =ni+i u =at
2
+ bt + c + ~- =i
ll-- ti-i t (a) a, b ( c + SI nizi+ lnli (b) l< a, b ( c + lnii +nzi 0.20 , 0.40 ( 0.60
t -i t = 2 =+ l- l.i.n ai- +il
Ans: 1.2 Volt
3. (a) The magnetic field in a region varies as shown in figure. Calculate the average induced emf in a
conducting loop of area 2.0 10
3
m
2
placed perpendicular to the field in each of the 10 ms intervals
shown. (b) In which intervals is the emf not constant? Neglect the behavior near the ends of 10 ms
intervals.
(a) l+=i -ii- --+i -izi l-zii-=i ll-- ti-i t -izi + n-- i t( 2.0 10
3
m
2
-izi+n in
-in+ n n. <zii n + 10 lnni =+ ~-in + ln l- ~i=- l.i.n +i ni-i +il (b) l+=i
~-in + ln l.i.n l-- -ti t ` 10 lnni =+ ~-in + =ni ti +i -n ni- nil
0.01
0.03
B(T)
10 20 30
40
t(ms)

Ans: (a)2.0 mV, 4.0 mV, 4.0mV, 2.0mV (b)10 ms to 20 ms and 20 ms to 30 ms.
4. A conducting circular loop having a radius of 5.0 cm, is placed perpendicular to a magnetic field of 0.50
T .It is removed from the field in 0.50 s. Find the average emf produced in the loop during this time.
5.0 =ni lzii ini (+ -in+ -ii+i n. 0.50 T --+i -izi + n-- ii ni t :=+i 0.50 =+ n
-izi + it l-+in lni i-i t := =ni- n n n l- ~i=- l.i.. ai- +il
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 10
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans: 7.8 X 10
-3
V
5. A conducting circular loop of area 1 mm
2
is placed 20 cm from it. The straight wire at a distance of 20
cm from it. The straight wire at a distance of 20 cm from it. The straight wire carries an electric current
which changes from 10A to zero in 0.1 s. Find the average emf induced in the loop in 0.1s. Find the
average emf induced in the loop in 0.1s.
1 lnni
2
-izi+n in -in+ -ii+i n +i :== 20 =ni < l-i- n- ( =ii -i + =n-ni ii ni t
=ii -i = ilt- iii 0.1 =+ n 10 A= zi- -+ ll-- ti i-i t n n 0.1 =+ n l- ~i=-
l.i.. ai- +il
6. A square- shaped copper coil has edges of length 50 cm and contains 50 turns. It is placed perpendicular
to a 1.0 T magnetic field. It is removed from the magnetic field in 0.25 s and restored in its original place
in the next 0.25 s. Find the magnitude of the average emf induced in the coil during
(a) its removal, (b) its restoration and
(c) its motion (during removal and restoration).
ni+i ~i|l- ini (+ +ni +i ii( 50 =ni n-i t ~i :=n 50 + t :=+i 1.0 T --+i -izi +
n-- ii ni t :=+i 0.25 = + n - -+i -izi = ti lni i-i t. ~i ~nn 0.25 = + n - :=+
-ii- i l<i i-i t n n l- ~i=- l.i.n ai- +il
(a) :=+i ti- t ( (b) :=+i - i- t ( (c) :=+i nl- n
Ans: (a) 50 V (b) 50 V (c) zero zi -
7. Suppose the resistance of the coil in the previous problem is 25 O. Assume that the coil moves with
uniform velocity during its removal and restoration .Find the thermal energy developed in the coil during
(a) its removal, (b) its restoration and (c) its motion.
ni-i l+ lzn z- n +ni +i l-ii 25 O t t ni- lnl l+ ti- t( ( - i- t( +ni (+
=ni- n = nl- +-i t +ni n --- -ni -i ai- +il (a) :=+i ti- t( (b) :=+i - i-
t ( ~i (c) :=+i nl- n
Ans: (a) 25 J (b) 25 J (c) 50 J
8. A conducting loop of area 5.0 cm
2
is placed in a magnetic field which varies sinusoidally with time as
B = B
0
sin et where B
0
= 0.20 T and e = 300 s
1
. The normal to the coil makes an angle of 60 with the
field. Find the (a) the maximum emf induced in the coil, (b) the emf induced at t = (t/900)s and (c) the
emf induced at t = (t/600)s.
5.0 =ni
2
-izi+n ini -in+ n . (+ --+i -izi n l-i- t i l+ B = B
0
sin et + ~-=i =n + =ii
i+i n ll-- ti ti t. ti B
0
= 0.20 T ~i e= 300 l- =+ t +ni ~lin-. -izi +
=ii 60 +ii -i-i t ai- +il (a) +ni n l- ~li+-n l.i.n (b) t = (t/900) =+ l- l.
i.n ~i (c) t = (t/600) =+ l- l.i.n
Ans. (a) 0.015 V, (b) 7.5 10
3
V, (c) zero
9. Figure shows a conducting squares loop placed parallel to the pole-faces of a ring magnet. The pole-
faces have an area of 1 cm
2
each and the field between the poles is 0.10 T. The wires making the loop
are all outside the magnetic field. If the magnet is removed in 1.0 s, what is the average emf induced in
the loop?
l-zi n <ziii ni t l+ (+ ni+i -in+ n (+ l n- -+ + i +n+i + =ni-- ii ni t i +n+i
n + +i -izi+n 1 =ni
2
t. ~i ii + i- -izi 0.10 T t n l-ln- +- ini =-i -i --+i -izi
+ it t l< --+ +i 1.0 =+ n ti lni i-i t. -i n n l- ~i=- l.i.n l+--i t`
Ans. 10 V.
10. A conducting square loop having edges of length 2.0 cm is rotated through 180 about a diagonal in
0.20 s. A magnetic field B exists in the region which is perpendicular to the loop in its initial position.
If the average induced emf during the rotation is 20 mV, find the magnitude of the magnetic field.
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 11
manishkumarphysics.in
2.0 =ni ii~i ini (+ ni+i -in+ n :=+ (+ l+i + l- 0.20 =+ n 180 +ii = ini l<i
i-i t ti (+ --+i -i zi B lni- t . l=+i l<zii n il-i+ l-il- n :=+ -n + n-- t l<
ii- n l- ~i=- l.i.n 20 mV t. -i --+i -izi +i lnii ai- +il
Ans. 5.0 T
11. A conducting loop of face area A and resistance R is placed perpendicular to a magnetic field B. The
loop is withdrawn completely from the field. Find the charge which flows through any cross section of
the wire in the process. Note that it is independent of the shape of the loop as well as the away it is
withdrawn.
+n+ -izi+n A l-i i R ini (+ -in+ n --+i -izi B + n-- ii t~i t n +i --+i -izi
= i-i ti lni i-i t := l+i n -i + l+=i ii ~--i +i = ilt- ti- ini ~izi ai- +il
i- li l+ t n +i ~i|l- ( =ii ti :=+i it ti- + -i+ l-i -ti +-i t
Ans. BA/R
12. A long solenoid of radius 2 cm has 100 turns/ cm and carries a current of 5A. A coil of radius 1 cm
having 100 turns and a total resistance of 20 O is placed inside the solenoid coaxially .The coil is
connected is reversed galvanometer. If the current in the solenoid is reversed in direction find the
charge flown through the galvanometer.
(+ n-i l-ln+i +i lzii 2 =ni lzii ( :=n 100 +=ni t -ii :== 5A iii ilt- ti ti t 1
=ni lzii ~i 100 +i -ii +n l-ii 20 O ini (+ +ni l-ln+i n =ni-i- ii t: t +ni =
(+ iiinii i t~i t l< l-ln+i n iii +i l<zii -+ln- + <i i -i iiinii = ilt- ~izi ai-
+il
Ans. 2 10
4
C
13. Figure shows a metallic square frame of edge a in a vertical plane. A uniform magnetic field B exists in
the space in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the figure. Two boys pull the opposite corners of
the square to deform it into a rhombus. They starts pulling the corners at t = 0 and displace the corners
at a uniform speed u. (a) Find the induced emf in the frame at the instant when the angles at these
corners reduce to 60. (b) Find the induced current in the frame at this instant if the total resistance of
the frame is R. (c) Find the total charge which flows through a side of the frame by the time the square
is deformed into a straight line.
l-zi n -ii -n n l-i- (+ ni+i iil+ +n <lzi- +i ni t. l=+i ii a t ti l-zi n -n
+ n-- =n --+i -izi B lni- t <i n + ni+i +n ni+i +n + li- +i-i +i ii- t t
l== l+ t =ni-- --ii+i ti i +i-i +i t = 0 ii--i i-i +- t ~i +i -i +i (+ =ni-
-in u = l-iil- +- t (a) + n n l- l.i.. -= -ii ai- +il :- +i -i + +ii 60 -+
+n ti i- t (b) l< + n +i + n l-i i R t . -i := -ii + n n l- iii ai- +il (c) n +
=iii ii -+ ll- ti- -+ l+=i (+ ii = ilt- +n ~izi ai- +il
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////
14. The north pole of a magnet is brought down along the axis of a horizontal circular coil (figure ). As a
result the flux through the coil changes from 0.35 weber to .85 weber in an interval of half a second.
Find the average emf induced during this period Is the induced current clockwise or anticlockwise as
you look into the coil from the side of the magnet?
(+ - -+ +i --ii i l-zi n <zii ~- =i -i l- + ni +i ~-i + ~- l<zi -i- nii i-i t :=+
liin- +ni = n- ini +n+= ~ii =+ n 0.35 = .85 -+ ll-- ti-i t := +in
n l- ~i=- l.i.n ai- +il l< ~i --+ +i ~i = +ni n <in -i l- iii <l-iii-i tini
i ini-i`
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 12
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans: 1.0 V ,anticlockwise
15. A wire - loop confined in a plane is related in its own plane with some angular velocity. A uniform
magnetic field exist in the region. Find the emf induced in the loop
l+=i -n n t- + ln in -i +i (+ n :=+ -n n +z +iii n = ili- ti ti t := -izi n (+
=n --+i -izi lni- t n n l- l.i.. ai- +il
Ans. zero
16. Figure shows a square loop of side 5 cm being moved towards right at a constant speed of 1 cm/s The
front edge enters the 20 cm wide magnetic field at t = 0 Find the emf induced in the loop at
(a) t = 2s, (b) t = 10s, (c) t = 22s and (d) t = 30s.
l-zi n <lzi- 5 =ni ii ini ni+i n <ii ~i 1 =ni= l-- -in = nl-ziin l+i i ti t :=+i
=in- ini l+-ii t = 0 20 = ni -i - -+i -i zi n zi +-i t n n l- l.i.n (a) t = 2= ,
(b) t = 10 = , (c) t = 22 = . -ii (d) t = 30 = . ai- +il
Ans: (a) 3 10
4
V (b) zero (c) 3 10
4
V (d) zero
17. Find the total heat produced in the loop of the previous problem during the interval 0 to 30 s if the
resistance of the loop is 4.5 m O.
lzn z- n l< n +i l-i i 4.5 mO t . -i 0 = 30 = . =ni--in n --- + n -ni ai- +il
Ans: 2 10
4
J
18 A uniform magnetic field B exist in a cylindrical region or radius 10 cm as shown in figure. A uniform
wire of length 80 cm and resistance 4.0 O is bent into a square frame and is placed with one side along
a diameters of the cylindrical region. If the magnetic field increases at a constant rate of 0.010 T/s find
the current induced in the frame.
l-zi n <zii ~-=i 10 =ni lzii + n-i+i -izi n =n --+i -izi B lni- t 80 =ni n- ~i
4.0 O l-ii in (+ =n -i +i ni+i +n + n ni+. := +i ii ni t l+ :=+i (+ ii
n-i+i -izi + i= + ~-l<zi t l< - -+i -izi 0.010 -ni= +i l-- < = c ti ti -i + n n l-
iii ai- +il
Ans. 3.9 10
5
A
19 The magnetic field in the cylindrical region shown in figure increases at a constant rate of 20.0 m T/s.
Each side of the square loop abcd and defa has a length of 1.00 cm and resistance of 4.00 O. Find the
current (magnitude and sense ) in the wire ad if (a) the switch S
1
is closed but S
2
is open (b) S
1
is open
but S
2
is closed (c) both S
1
and S
2
are open and (d) both S
1
and S
2
are closed.
l-zi n <lzi- n-i+i -izi n --+i -izi 20.0 lnni -ni=+ +i l-- < = c ti t ni+i n
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 13
manishkumarphysics.in
abcd ~i defa +i + i i +i n-i: 1.00 =ni ~i l-i i 4.00 O t ad -i n iii (lnii ( l<zii) ai-
+il. l< (a) l-- S
1
< ti l+-- S
2
ini t. (b) S
1
ini ti l+-- S
2
< ti. (c) S
1
( S
2
<i-i ti in ti
~i (d) S
1
( S
2
<i-i ti < ti [6 min.] [M.Bank(07-08)_HCV_Ch.38_Ex._19]
Ans. (a) 1.25 10
7
A, a to d (b) 1.25 10
7
A, d to a. (c) zero (d) zero
20. Figure shows a circular coil of N turns and radius a, connected to a battery of emf c through a rheostat.
The rheostat has a total length L and resistance R. The resistance of the coil is r is A small circular
loop of radius a and resistance r is placed coaxially with the coil. The centre of the loop is at a
distance x from the centre of coil . The In the beginning the sliding contact of the rheostat is at the left.
end and then sliding contact of the rheostat is at the left end and then onwards it is moved towards right
at a constant speed sym u Find the emf induced in the small circular l oop at the instant
(a) the contact begins to slide and (b) it has sild through half the length of the rheostat.
l-zi n N + i a lzii ini -ii+i + ni <lzi - +i ni t . :=+i (+ iii l- zi+ ,ii c l.i.. +i i
= i i ni t iii l-zi+ +i +n n-i: L ( l-ii R t r lzii ( a l-ii ini (+ zii -ii+i
n . + ni + =ii =ni-i- ii t ~i t n +i + -< . + ni + + -< = x < i l-i- t i-i n . iii l- zi+
+i l=+ i l= t ~i :=+ z-i- :=+i <ii ~i l-- -in u = li=+ii i-i t zi -ii+i n
n l- l.i.n -= -ii ai- +il (a) l=+ l+=n-i i-i +-i t ~i (b) l= + ~iii n-i:
-+ li=+ -+i ti
c
Ans.
2 2 / 3 2 2
2 2
0
) r ' R ( ) x a ( L 2
Rv ' a Na
+ +
c t
where R = R for part (a) and R/2 for part (b)
21. A circular coil of radius 2.00 cm has 50 turns .A uniform magnetic field B = 0.200 T exists in the space
in a direction parallel to the axis of the loop The coil is now rotated about a diameter through an angle
of 60 The operation takes 0.100s. (a) Find the average of emf induced in the coil .(b) If the coil a is
closed one with the two ends joined together and has a resistance of 4.00 O calculate the net charge
crossing a cross- section of the wire of the coil.
2.00 =ni lzii ini -ii+i + ni n 50 + t n +i ~-i + =ni-- l<zii n (+ =n --+i -izi
B = 0.200 -ni lni- t ~ +ni +i :=+ l+=i i= + l- 60 +ii = inii i-i t := l+i
n 0.100 =+ nn- t (a) +ni n l- ~i =- l.i.n ai- +il (b) l< + ni < t <i -i l=
- t( ~i :=+i l-ii 4.00 O t. -i +ni + -i + l+=i ~--i +i = ilt- +n ~izi +i
ni-i +il
Ans. (a) 6.28 10
3
V (b) 1.57 10
3
C
22. A closed coil having 100 turns is rotated in a uniform magnetic field B = 4.0 10
4
about a diameter
which is perpendicular to the field. The angular velocity of rotation is 300 revolutions per minute. The
area of the coil is 25cm
2
and its resistance is 4.0 O. Find (a) the average emf developed in half a turn
from position where the coil is perpendicular to the magnetic field (b) the average emf on a full turn and
(C) the net charge displaced in part (a).
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 14
manishkumarphysics.in
(+ + ni n 100 + t . :=+i =n - -+i -i zi n l+=i i= + l- i li - l+i i-i t . i -i zi + n--
t ii- +i +iii n 300 -++ l- lnl- t +ni +i -izi+n 25 =ni
2
( :=+i l-ii 4.0 O t ai-
+il (a) +ni + --+i -izi + n-- l-il- = ~iii -++ nni- --- ~i=- l.i.n
(b) -++ n ~i=- l.i.n (C) iin (a) n l-iil- +n ~izi
Ans. (a) 2.0 10
3
V (b) zero (c) 5.0 10
5
C
23. A coil of radius 10 cm and resistance 40 O has 1000 turns It is placed with its plane vertical and its axis
paralleled to the magnetic meridian The coil is connected to a galvanometer and is rotated about if the
horizontal component of the earth magnetic field is B
H
= 3.0 10
5
T.
10 =ni lzii ( 40 O l-ii ini +ni n 1000 + t :=+i ~-i --+i i-i-i + =ni-- ( -n
-ii l-il- n ii ni t +ni =(+ iiinii i t~i t ~i :=+i :=+ - i= + l- 180 +ii
= inii i-i t l< i + --+i -izi +i -il- i+ B
H
= 3.0 10
5
-ni t -i iiinii = ilt-
~izi ai- +il
Ans. 4.7 10
5
C
24. A circular coil of one turns of radius 5.0 cm is rotated about a diameter with a constant angular speed
of 80 revolutions per minute A uniform magnetic field revolutions per minute A uniform magnetic field
B = 0.010 rotation Find a direction perpendicular to the axis of rotation Find (a) the maximum emf
induced. (b) the average emf induced in the coil over a long period and (c) the average of the squares
of emf induced over a long period.
(+ + ini -ii+i +ni +i lzii 5.0 =ni t. :=+i i= + l- 80 -++lnl- +i l-- +i ii -in
= ili- l+i i ti t ii- ~-i + n-- l<zii n =n --+i -izi B = 0.010 -ni lni- t ai-
+il (a) ~li+-n l- l.i.n (b) n- +in n +ni n l- ~i=- l.i.n -ii (c) n- +in n l-
l.i.n + n +i ~i=-
Ans. (a) 6.6 10
4
V (b) zero (c) 2.2 10
7
V
2
25. Suppose the ends of the coil in the previous problem are connected to a resistance of 100 O Neglecting
the resistance of the coil find the heat produce in the circuit in one minute.
ni- nil l+ lzn z- n li - + ni + l=i +i 100 O l-i i = i l<i ni t . + ni +i
l-i i -n ni-+ li n (+ lnl- n --- -ni ai- +il
Ans. 1.3 10
7
J
26. Figure shows a circular wheel of radius 10.0 cm whose upper half shown
dark in the figure is made of iron and the lower half of wood the two
junctions are joined by an iron rod A uniform magnetic field B of
magnitude 2.00 10
4
exists in the space above the central line as
suggested by the figure The wheel is set into pure rolling on the
horizontal surface it takes 2.00 seconds for the iron part to come down
and the wooden part to go up find the average emf induced during this
period
l-zi n 10.0 =ni lzii +i -ii+i lti <zii i ni t . l=+i -i ~iii iin i nti t ni t +i -i t ~i
-i- ini iin n+i +i t <i-i =lii +i nit +i z = ii ni t =il+ l-zi n <lzi- t. +l-< ii
+ - in iin n =n --+i -izi B lni- t. l=+i lnii 2.00 10
4
-ni t lti -il- =-t
ziz ni-i nl- + ti t l< nit in iin +i -i- ~i- n ~i n+i in iin +i - i- n 2.00
= + nn- t -i := +in n l- ~i=- l.i.n ai- +il
Ans. 1.57 10
6
V
27. A 20 cm long conducting rod is set pure translation with a uniform velocity of 10 cm/s perpendicular to
its lengths. Auniform magnetic filed of magnitude 0.10 T exists in a direction perpendicular to the plane
of motion . (a) Find the average magnetic force on the free electrons of the rod. (b) for what electronic
field inside the rod the electronic force on a free electron will balance the magnetic force ? How is this
electronic field created ? (c) Find the motional emf between the ends of the rod.
20 = ni n-i (+ -in+ z +i :=+i n-i: + n-- 10 = ni= + (+ =ni- n + =ii ziz -ii-i-i
nl-ziin l+i i-i t nl- + -n + n-- l<zii n 0.10 -ni lnii +i =n --+i -izi lni- t
(a) z + n+- :n+i-i ~i=- --+i n +i lnii ai- +il (b) z + ~-< l+-- l- -izi +
ln n+- :n+i -i --+i n =-ln- ti ini` t l- -izi l+= +i --- l+i ini` (c) z
+ l=i nl-+ l.i.n ai- +il
Ans. (a) 1.6 10
21
N (b) 1.0 10
2
V/m (c) 2.0 10
3
V
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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manishkumarphysics.in
28. A metallic metre sticks moves with a velocity of 2 m/ s in a direction perpendicular to its length and
perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field of magnitude 0.2 T Find the emf induced between the ends
of the stick.
(+ iil+ ni z :=+i n-i: + n-- l<zii n -ii 0.2 -ni lnii + =n --+i -izi + n--
2 ni= n + =ii nl-ziin t z + l=i + i- l- l.i.n ai- +il
Ans: 0.4 V
29. A 10m wide spacecraft moves through the interstellar space at a speed 3 10
7
m/s magnetic field B =
3 10
10
T exists in the space in a direction perpendicular to the plane of motion. Treating the space
craft as a conductor , calculate the emf induced across its width.
10 ni -i i ~-l-i i- ~- -i+i ~i+izi n 3 10
7
ni= -in = nl- + ti t ~-l-i n i- +i nl-
+ -n + n-- B = 3 10
10
-ni --+i -izi lni- t ~-l-i i- +i -in+ ni-- t( :=+i -i i:
+ i- l- l.i.n +i ni-i +il
Ans: 0.9 V
30. The two rails of a railway track insulated from each other and from the ground are connected to a milli-
voltmeter. What will be the reading of the milli-voltmeter when a train travels on the track at a speed of
180 km/h.? The vertical component of earths magnetic field is 0.2 10
4
T and the rails are separated
by 1m
(+ n i +i <i li - ( ni- + =ii +-iln- t. :-+ =ii (+ lnni i-ni i i ni t
(+ - := i 180 l+nii i -in = nl-ziin ti -i lnni i -ni +i ia i + l+--i ti ni` i +
--+i -izi + -i+ +i ni- 0.2 10
4
-ni -ii li + i- +i < i 1ni. t
Ans: 1 mV
31. A right angled triangle abc, made from a metallic wire, moves at a uniform speed v in its plane as shown
in the figure. A uniform magnetic field B exists in the perpendicular direction. Find the emf induced
(a) in the loop abc, (b) in the segment bc, (c) in the segment ac and
(d) in the segment ab.
(+ =n+i i lzii abc, iil+ -i = -i t ~i t ~i :=+ -n + ~- l<zi l-zi n <zii ~- =i (+ =ni- -in
v + =ii nl-ziin t n-- l<zii n =n --+i -izi B lni- t l- l.i.n ai- +il
(a) n abc n , (b) iin bc n , (c) iin ac n ~i (d) iin ab n
v
b
B
a
c
Ans: (a) zero, (b) vB (bc), positive at c, (c) zero
(d) vB (bc), positive at a
32. A copper wire bent in the shape of a semicircle of radius r translates in its plane with a constant
velocity v .A uniform magnetic field B exist in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the wire. Find
the emf induced between the ends of the wire if (a) the velocity is perpendicular to the diameter joining
free ends (b) the velocity is parallel to this diameter.
-i +i (+ -i ~z -ii+i ~i|l- n nii ni t. :=+i lzii r t ~i t :=+ -n n l-- n v = l-iil-
ti ti t -i + -n + n-- l<zii n =n --+i -izi B lni- t -i + l=i l- l.i.n ai-
+il. l< (a) n. n+- l=i +i i - in i= + n-- t. (b) n. := i= + =ni-- t
Ans: (a) 2rvB (b) zero zi -
33. A wire of length 10 cm translates in a direction making an angle of 60 with its length. The plane of
motion is perpendicular to a uniform magnetic field of 1.0 T that exists in the space Find the emf
induced between the ends of the rod if the speed of translation is 20 cm/s.
10 =ni n-i -i :=+i n-i: = 60 +i i -i- t ( -ii-i-l- ti ti t :=+i nl- +i -n -= -ii- lni-
1.0 -ni -i -i + - -+i -i zi + n-- t l< -ii-i-i +i -in 20 =ni= t . -i z + l=i + i- l-
l.i.n ai- +il
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 16
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans: 17 10
3
V
34. Acircular copper-ring of radius r translates in its plane with a constant velocity v. Auniform magnetic field B
exists in the space in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the ring. Consider different pairs of diametrically
opposite points on the ring. (a) Between which pair of points is the emf? (b) Between which pair of points is
the emf minimum? What is the value of this minimum emf?
r lzii ini -i +i n :=+ -n n l-- n v = -ii-i -l- ti ti t n + -n + n-- =n - -+i
-izi B lni- t n i=- ~lini l-<~i + lli-- ni l-i +il (a) l-<~i + l+= n
+ ln( l.i.. ~li+-n tini` := ~li+-n l.i.n +i ni- l+--i ti ni` (b) l-< ~i + l+= n + ln l.
i.n ---n ti ni` := ---n l.i.n +i ni- l+--i tini`
Ans. (a) at the ends of the diameter perpendicular to the velocity, 2rvB (b) at the ends of the diameter
parallel to the velocity, zero.
35. Figure shows a wire sliding on two parallel, conducting rails placed at a separation . A magnetic field B
exists in a direction perpendicular to the plane of the rails. What force is necessary to keep the wire moving
at a constant velocity v?
l-zi n <zii i ni t l+ <i l-i- <i =ni-- -in+ li + - (+ -i l+=n ti t li +
-n + n-- l<zii n - -+i -i zi Blni- t -i +i l-- n v = nl-ziin i- + ln l+--i n ~iz+
t ?




v
Ans. zero
36. Figure shows a long U-shaped wire of width placed in a perpendicular magnetic field B. Awire of length is
slid on the U-shaped wire with a constant velocity v towards right. The resistance of all the wires is r per unit
length. At t = 0, the sliding wire is close to the left edge of the U-shaped wire. Draw an equivalent circuit
diagram, showing the induced emf as a battery. Calculate the current in the circuit.
l-zi n <ziii ni t l+ -ii: ini U-~i|l- +i -i n-- --+i -izi Bn ii t~i t U-~ii+ in
-ii (+ n-i: ini -i <ii ~i l-- n v + =ii nl-ziin t =n-- -ii +i (+i + n-i: +i
l-ii r t t = 0, . li=+- ini -i U-~i+i in -i + i l+-i + =ni t l- l.i.n +i ai
+ n <zii- t ( (+ -- li -i: li n iii +i ni-i +il




v

Ans. (a)
) vt ( r 2
v B
+

(b) /v
37. Consider the situation of the previous problem. (a) Calculate the force needed to keep the sliding wire moving
with a constant velocity v. (b) If the force needed just after t = 0 is F
0
, find the time at which the force needed
will be F
0
/2.
lzn z- n li - l-il- l-i +il (a) li=+- in -i +i l-- n v = nl-ziin i- + ln
~iz+ n +i ni-i +il (b) l< t = 0 =+ + z-i- ~iz+ n F
0
t -i t =n ai- +il l=
~iz+ n F
0
/2 ti ini
Ans. (a)
) vt ( r 2
v B
2 2
+

(b) /v.
38. Consider the situation shown in figure. The wire PQhas mass m, resistance r and can slide on the smooth,
horizontal parallel rails separated by a distance . The resistance of the rails is negligible. Auniformmagnetic
field B exists in the rectangular region and a resistance Rconnects the rails outside the field with a speed v
0
.
Find (a) the current in the loop at an instant when teh speed of the wire PQis v, (b) the acceleration of the wire
at this instant, (c) the velocity v as a function of x and (d) the maximum distance the wire will move,
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 17
manishkumarphysics.in
l-zi n <ziii ni l-il- l-i +il -i PQ+i <ni- m, l-ii r t -ii t l <i l-i- <i l-+-i
( =ni-- -i l- li l+=n =+-i t li +i l-i i -n t (+ ~i-i+i l-i zi n =n
--+i -izi Blni- t ~i -izi + it li = (+ l-ii Ri i ni t t = 0 . -i PQ+i v
0
-in
= <ii ~i i+ni i-i t ai- +il (a) l= -ii PQ+i -in v t. n n ilt- iii (b) := -ii
-i +i i, (c) x + +n- n n ~i (d) t ~li+-n < i i -i - + ni




P
Q
Ans. (a)
r R
v B
+

(b)
) r R ( m
v B
2 2
+

towards left (c) v = v


0

) r R ( m
x B
2 2
+

(d) 2 2
0
B
) r R ( mv

+
.
39. Arectangular frame of wire abcd has dimensions 32 cm 8.0 cm and a total resistance of 2.0 O. It is pulled
out of a magnetic field B= 0.020 T by applying a force of 3.2 10
5
N(figure). It is found that the frame moves
with constant speed. Find (a) this constant speed, (b) the emf induced in the loop, (c) the potential difference
between the points a and b and (d) the potential difference between the points c and d.
-i + (+ ~i-i+i +n abcd +i lni( 32 = ni 8.0 = ni t ~i :=+i + n l-i i 2.0 O t :=+i 3.2
10
5
-- n nni+i --+i -izi B= 0.020 -ni + it ii-i i-i t (l-zi) t l-i- ti-i t l+ +n
l-- -in = nl- +-i t ai- +il (a) t l-- -in, (b) n n l- l.i.. (c) l-<~i a b + i-
lii--. -ii (d) l-<~i c d + i- lii-
Ans. (a) 25 m/s (b) 4.0 10
2
V (c) 3.6 10
2
V (d) 4.0 10
3
V.
40. Figure shows a metallic wire of resistance 0.20 W sliding on a horizontal, U-shaped metallic rail. The
separation between the parallel arms is 20 cm. An electric current of 2.0Apasses through the wire when it
is slid at a rate of 20 cm/s. If the horizontal component of the earths magnetic field is 3.0 x 10
5
T, calculate
the dip at the place.
l-zi n <lzi- t l+ 0.20 Ol-ii ini iil+ -i. -il- ( U-~i|l- +i iil+ i l+=n ti t
=ni-- ii~i + i- 20 =ni ~-in t -i 20 =ni= +i < = l+=n-i t -i -i = 2.0Aiii ilt-
ti-i t l< i + --+i -izi + -il- i+ +i ni- 3.0 x 10
5
T t -i := -ii- -l- ai- +il
Ans. tan
1
(1/3)
41. A wire ab of length , mass m and resistance R slides on a smooth, thick pair of metallic rails joined at the
bottom as shown in figure. The plane of the rails makes an angle u with the horizontal. Avertical magnetic
field B exists in the region. If the wire slides on the rails at a constant speed v, show that B =
u
u
2 2
cos v
sin R mg

(+ -i ab l=+i n-i: , <ni- m ~i l-ii Rt. l-zii-=i -i- = i t: <i nii li l+=n-i
t li +i -n -il- = u +ii --i t ti (+ -i i --+i -i zi B lni- t l< -i li
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 18
manishkumarphysics.in
l-- -in v = l+=n-i t . -i +- +il l+ B=
u
u
2 2
cos v
sin R mg

b
a
B
u
Ans.
42. Consider the situation shown in figure. The wires P
1
Q
1
and P
2
Q
2
are made to slide on the rails with the same
speed 5 cm/s. Find the electric current in the 19 Oresistor if (a) both the wires move towards right and (b) if
P
1
Q
1
moves towards left but P
2
Q
2
moves towards right.
l-zi n <zii i ni l-il- l-i +il -i P
1
Q
1
~i P
2
Q
2
+i li =ni- -in 5 = ni= + =ii
l+=nii i-i t 19 O l-ii = ilt- iii ai- +il. l< (a) <i-i -i <ii ~i nl- +. -ii (b) P
1
Q
1
ii ~i nl- + l+-- P
2
Q
2
<ii ~i nl- +

19 O 2 O 2 O
4 cm
P
1
P
2
Q
1
Q
2
B=1.0 T
Ans. (a) 0.1 mA (b) zero
43. Suppose the 19Oresistor of the previous problem is disconnected. Find the current through P
2
Q
2
in the two
situations (a) and (b) of that problem.
lzn z- n. ni-il+ 19O l-ii ti l<i i-i t -i := z- +i l-il-i (a) (b) + P
2
Q
2
= ilt- iii
ai- +il
Ans. (a) zero zi - (b) 1 mA
44. Consider the situation shown in figure. The wire PQ has a negligible resistance and is made to slide on the
three rails with a constant speed of 5 cm/s. Find the current in the 10 Oresistor when the switch S is thrown
to (a) the middle rail (b) bottom rail.
l-zi n <lzi- l-il- l-i +il -i PQ+i l-ii -n t ~i :=+i -i- li 5 =ni= +i l--
-in = l+=nii i-i t 10 Ol-ii n ilt- iii -= l-il- n ai- +il l+ l-- S: (a) i- ini
i +i ~i t (b) -i- ini i +i ~i t
S
B=1.0T
Q
P
2 cm
2 cm
10 O

Ans. (a) 0.1 mA (b) 0.2 mA


45. The current generator I
g
, shown in figure, sends a constant current i through the circuit. The wire cd is fixed
and ab is made to slide on the smooth, thick rails with a constant velocity v towards right. Each of these
wires has resistance r. Find the current through the wire cd.
l-zi n <lzi- iii =i - I
g
, li n l-- iii i ilt- +-i t -i cd l-i t ~i ab +i <ii ~i l--
-in v = ni i ( l-+-i li l+=nii i-i t :-n = + -i +i l-i i r t -i cd = ilt-
iii ai- +il
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 19
manishkumarphysics.in
I
g
v

a
b
d
c
i
Ans.
r 2
v B ir
46. The current generator I
g
, shown in figure, sends a constant current i through the circuit. The wire ab has a
length and mass m and can slide on the smooth, horizontal rails connected to I
g
. The entire system lies in
a vertical magnetic field B. Find the velocity of the wire as a function of time.
l-zi n <lzi- iii =i- I
g
, li n l-- iii i ilt- +-i t -i ab +i n-i: ~i <ni- m t -ii
t I
g
+i i - ini l-+-i ( -i l- li l+=n =+-i t =- i l-+i -i i - -+i -i zi B n lni-
t -i +i n =n + +n- n ai- +il
I
g

a
b

d
c
Ans. iBt/m, away from the generator
47. The system containing the rails and the wire of the previous problemis kept vertically in a uniformhorizontal
magnetic field B that is perpendicular to the plane of the rails (figure). It is found that the wire stays in
equilibrium. If the wire ab is replaced by another wire of double its mass, howlong will it take in falling through
a distance equal to its length?
lzn z- n li- li ( -i ini l-+i -i l- - -+i -i zi Bn -i i ii i-i t . - -+i -i zi li
+ -n + n-- t (l-zi <li) t ii ni l+ -i =i-i-ii n +i t-i t l< -i ab +i (+ ~-
-i = l--iil- + l<i i-i t l=+i < ni- :== <n-i t. t :=+i n-i: + i <i -+ ln- n
l+--i =n nni ni`
I
g
b a
Ans. g / 2 .
48. The rectangular wire-frame, shown in figure, has uniform magnetic field B exists to the left of the frame. A
constant force F starts pushing the frame into the magnetic field at t = 0. (a) Find the acceleration of the
frame when its speed has increased to v. (b) Showthat after some time the frame will move with a constant
velocity till the whole frame enters into the magnetic field. Find this velocity v
0
. (c) Show that the velocity at
time t is given by ) e 1 ( v v
0
mv / Ft
0

= .
l-zi n <lzi- -i + ~i-i+i +n +i -i i: d, <ni- m, l-ii R~i n-i: t- ~li+ t t = 0 (+
l-- n F, +n +i --+i -izi n i+n-i i-i +-i t (a) +n +i -in v -+ c - :=+i i ai-
+il (b) +- +il l+ +z =n z-i- =-i +n + --+i -izi n l ti- -+ +n l-- n =
nl- + ni t n v
0
ai- +il (c) +- +il l+ =n t n +i ni- ) e 1 ( v v
0
mv / Ft
0

= tini
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 20
manishkumarphysics.in





F
d
Ans. (a)
mR
B v RF
2 2

(b)
2 2
B
RF

49. Figure shows a smooth pair of thick metallic rails connected across a battery of emf c having a negligible
internal resistance. Awire ab of length and resistance r can slide smoothly on the rails. The entire system
lies in a horizontal plane and is immersed in a uniform vertical magnetic field B. At an instant t, the wire is
given a small velocity v towards right. (a) Find the current in it at this instant. What is the direction of the
current ? (b) What is the force acting on the wire at this instant ? (c) Show that after some time the wire ab
will slide with a constant velocity. Find this velocity.
l-zi n <lzi- t l+ nii ( l-+-i iil+ li + n + =ii c l.i.n ( -n ~i-l+ l-ii ini
i i t : t n-i: ( r l-ii ini -i li =nn-i + l+=n =+-i t =-i l-+i -il-
-n n l-i- t. ti =n ( - - -+i -i zi i-- t l+=i -ii t . -i +i <ii ~i ~- n v <i-
l+i i-i t (a) := -ii iii ai- +il := iii +i l<zii l+i tini` (b) := -ii -i nn ti
n l+--i t ` (c) +- +il l+ +z =n z-i- -i ab l-- n = l+=n ni t n ai- +il
c












a
b
Ans. (a)
r
1
(E vB), from b to a (b)
r
B
(E vB) towards right (c)
B
E
.
50. A conducting wire ab of length , resistance r and mass m starts sliding at t = 0 down a smooth, vertical,
thick pair of connected rails as shown in figure. Auniform magnetic field B exists in the space in a direction
perpendicular to the plane of the rails. (a) Write the induced emf in the loop at an instant t when the speed of
the wire is v. (b) What would be the magnitude and direction of the induced current in the wire ? (c) Find the
downward acceleration of the wire at this instant. (d) After sufficient time, the wire starts moving with a
constant velocity. Find this velocity v
m
. (e) Find the velocity of the wire as a function of time. (f) Find the
displacement of the wire as a function of time. (g) Showthat the rate of heat developed in the wire is equal to
the rate at which the gravitational potential energy is decreased after steady state is reached.
n-i:, r l-ii ~i m <ni- ini (+ -in+ -i t = 0 l-zi n <lzi- <i i t: -ii ( nii -ii
l-+-i li l+=n-i i-i +-i t := -ii- li + -n + n-- l<zii n =n --+i -izi
B lni- t (a) l+=i -ii t -i +i n v t. l- l.i.n lnli (b) -i n l- iii +i l<zii (
lnii l+--i tini` (c) := -ii -i +i -i- +i ~i i ai- +il (d) i-- =n + z-i- -i l--
-in = nl- +-i t t l-- -in v
m
ai- +il (e) =n + +n- n -i +i n ai- +il (f) =n
+ +n- n -i +i l-ii- ai- +il (g) +- +il l+ -iii ~-ii i-- +- + z-i- -i n ---
-ni +i ni- n i l-il- -i n +ni + i t

a b






Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 21
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans. (a) vB (b)
r
vB
, b to a (c) g
mr
B
2 2

v (d)
2 2
B
mgr

(e) v
m
(1
m
v / gt
e

) (f) v
m
t
g
v
2
m
(1
m
v / gt
e

)
51. A bicycle is resting on its stand in the east-west direction and the rear wheel is rotated at an angular speed
of 100 revolutions per minute. If the length of each spoke is 30.0 cm and the horizontal component of the
earths magnetic field is 2.0 x 10
5
T, find the emf induced between the axis and the outer end of a spoke.
Neglect centripetal force acting on the free electrons of the spoke.
(+ =i:l+n :=+ - lz-n l<zii n i i t: t ~i :=+i lzni lti 100 -++lnl- +iii
-in = in ti t l< + -i+ +i n-i: 30.0 =ni t ~i i + --+i -izi +i -il- i+
2.0 x 10
5
T t -i ~-i ( -i+ + iti l= + i- l- lii- ai- +il -i + + :n+i- nn-
ini ~li+ -<i n -n ni- nil
Ans. 9.4 10
6
V
52. A conducting disc of radius r rotates with a small but constant angular velocity e about its axis. A uniform
magnetic field B exists parallel to the axis of rotation. Find the motional emf between the centre and the
periphery of the disc.
r lzii ini -in+ -+-i :=+i ~-i + l- ~- l+-- l-- +iii n e= in ti t (+ =n --+i
-izi B :=+i ii- ~-i + =ni-- lni- t +-< ( -+-i + i- nl-+ l.i.n ai- +il
Ans. B r
2
1
2
e
53. Figure shows a conducting disc rotating about its axis in a perpendicular magnetic field B. A resistor of
resistance R is connected between the centre and the rim. Calculate the current in the resistor. Does it enter
the disc or leave it at the centre ? The radius of the disc is 5.0 cm, angular speed e= 10 rad/s, B = 0.40 T
and R = 10 O.
n--. --+i -izi Bn ~-i ~-i + l- i li- -in+ -+-i l-zi n <ziii ni t +-< ( lli + i-
(+ l-ii Ri i ni t l-ii n ilt- iii ai- +il +i t +-< -+-i = it l-+n ti t
i ~-< l ti ti t ` -+-i +i lzii 5.0 = ni. +i ii -in e= 10 /= , B = 0.40 T ~i R = 10 O. t
e

R
Ans. 0.5 mA, leaves
54. The magnetic field in a region is given by
B

=
L
B
k
0

y where L is a fixed length. Aconducting rod of length L


lies along the Y-axis between the origin and the point (0, L, 0). If the rod moves with a velocity i v v
0

= , find
the emf induced between the ends of the rod.
l+=i -ii- --+i -izi B

=
L
B
k
0

y ,ii +- l+i i-i t. ti L (+ l-- n-i: t L n-i: +i (+


-in+ z nn l-< ( l-< (0, L, 0) + i- Y-~-i + ~-l<zi ii t: t l< z i v v
0

= n = nl-ziin
t. + z + l=i + i- l- l.i.. ai- +il
Ans.
2
v B
0 0

55. Figure shows a straight, long wire carrying a current i and a rod of length coplanar with the wire and
perpendicular to it. The rod moves with a constant velocity v in a direction parallel to the wire. The distance
of the wire from the centre of the rod is x. Find the motional emf induced in the rod.
(+ n-i ( =iii -i. l== i iii ilt- ti ti t ~i -i + =n-ni -ii :=+ n-- n-i: +i z
+i l-zi n <lzi- l+i ni t z -i + =ni-- l<zii n l-- n = nl-ziin t z + +-< = -i +i
<i x t z n l- nl-+ l.i.. ai- +il
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 22
manishkumarphysics.in

x
i
v
Ans.
t

2
iv
0
ln
|
.
|

\
|

x 2
x 2
56. Consider a situation similar to that of the previous problem except that the ends of the rod slide on a pair of
thick metallic rails laid parallel to the wire. At one end the rails are connected by resistor of resistance R. (a)
What force is needed to keep the rod sliding at a constant speed v ? (b) In this situation what is the current
in the resistance R ? (c) Find the rate of heat developed in the resistor. (d) Find the power delivered by the
external agent exerting the force on the rod.
lzn z- =i ti l-il- l-i +il + n ~ - t t l+ z + l=-i + =ni-- l-i- nii ( -in+
li l+=n t t li + (+ l= l-ii Ri t~i t (a) z +i l-- -in v = l+=n-i t~i
i- + ln l+-- n +i ~iz+-i tini` (b) := l-il- n l-ii R= l+--i iii ilt- tini (c)l-ii
n -ni --- ti- +i < l+--i tini` (d) z n nni- + ln in l+- ,ii <-i zil+- ai- +il
Ans. (a)
2
0
x 2
x 2
ln
2
i
R
v
|
.
|

\
|

+
t

(b)

+
t

x 2
x 2
ln
R 2
iv
0
(c)
2
0
x 2
x 2
ln
2
iv
R
1
|
.
|

\
|

+
t

(d) same as (c)


57. Figure shows a square frame of wire having a total resistance r placed complanarly with a long, straight wire.
The wire carries a current i given by i = i
0
sin et. Find (a) the flux of the magnetic field through the square
frame, (b) the emf induced in the frame and (c) the heat developed in the frame in the time interval 0 to
e
t 20
.
l-zi n <lzi- t l+ r l-i i ini -i +i (+ ni+i + n (+ n- ( =ii -i + =n-ni ii t~i t -i
= i iii ilt- ti ti t. i i = i
0
sin et ,ii +- +i i-i t ai- +il (a) ni+i +n = n- ini
--+i +n+= (b) +n n l- l.i.. ~i (c) =ni -in 0 =
e
t 20
+ ln + n n --- -ni
a
b
i
58. A rectangular metallic loop of length and width b is placed complanary with a long wire carrying a current i
(figure). The loop is moved perpendicular to the wire with a speed v in the plane containing the wire and the
loop. Calculate the emf induced in the loop when the rear end of the loop is at a distance a from the wire.
Solve by using Faradays law for the flux through the loop and also by replacing different segments with
equivalent batteries.
n-i: ~i b -i i: ini (+ ~i-i+i iil+ n (+ n- ( =ii -i + =n-ni ii t ~i t . -i = i iii ilt-
ti ti t n +i . n ( -i + -n n -ii -i + n-- v n = nl-ziin l+i i-i t n +i lzni l=i
-i = a < i ti . - n n l- l.i.. +i ni-i +il n = n - in +n+= + ln + i +i l-n -- -
+- t ( -ii =ii ti lli-- ii +i =n- - li = l--iil- +- t(. tn +il
b
a
i

v
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 23
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans.
) a ( a 2
vb i

+ t

59. Figure shows a conducting circular loop of radius a placed in a uniform, perpendicular magnetic field B. A
thick metal rod OAis pivoted at the centre O. The other end of the rod touches the loop at A. The centre O
and a fixed point C on the loop are connected by a wire OC of resistance R. Aforce is applied at the middle
point of the rod OAperpendicularly, so that the rod rotates clockwise at a uniformangular velocity e. Find the
force.
l-zi n <lzi- t l+ a lzii ini -ii+i -in+ n n-- =n --+i -izi B n ii t~i t ii- +i
(+ nii z +i <=i l=i n + A -zi+ ti t +-< O( n (+ l-i l-< C+i Rl-ii in
-i OC= =il- l+i ni t z OA + n l-< (+ n n-- nnii i-i t. l== z <l-iii-i
l<zii n (+ =ni- +iii n e = i n-i t n ai- +il
F
O
A





C
Ans.
R 2
B a
2 3
e
to the right of OA in the figure.
60. Consider the situation shown in the figure of the previous problem. Suppose the wire connecting Oand Chas
zero resistance but the circular loop has a resistance Runiformly distributed along its length. The rod OA is
made to rotate with a uniform angular speed e as shown in the figure. Find the current in the rod when
= Z 90 AOC .
lzn z- + l-zi n li- l-il- l-i +il ni- nil l+ =i- -i O C+i l-ii zi- t. l+--
-ii+i n +i l-ii Rt ~i t :=+i n-i: (+ =ni- = l-l- t z OA+i l-zii-=i l--
+iii n e= i nii i-i t = Z 90 AOC ti -i z n iii ai- +il
Ans.
R
B a
3
8
2
e
61. Consider a variation of the previous problem(figure). Suppose the circular loop lies in a vertical plane. The rod
has a mass m. The rod and the loop have negligible resistances but the wire connecting O and C has a
resistance R. The rod is made to rotate with a uniform angular velocity e in the clockwise direction by
applying a force at the midpoint of OAin a direction perpendicular to it. Find the magnitude of this force when
the rod makes an angle u with the vertical.
lzn z- n (+ l-- l-i +il ni- nil l+ -ii+i n - -n n l-i- t z +i <ni-
m t z ( n +i l-ii -n t. l+-- =i- -i O C+i l-ii Rt OA + n l-< . z +
n-- (+ n nni+ z +i (+ =ni- +iii n e= <l-iii-i l<zii n ili- l+i i-i t z -
= u +ii -i-i t . -i := n +i lnii ai- +il
Ans.
R 2
B a
2 3
e
mg sin u
62. Figure shows a situation similar to the previous problem. All parameters are the same except that a battery
of emf c and a variable resistance R are connected between O and C. The connecting wires have zero
resistance. No external force is applied on the rod (except gravity, forces by the magnetic field and by the
pivot). In what way should the resistance R be changed so that the rod may rotate with uniform angular
velocity in the clockwise direction ? Express your answer in terms of the given quantities and the angle u
made by the rod OA with the horizontal.
l-zi n ai+ lzn z- =i ti l-il- <lzi- +i ni t =ii ilzii =i ti t +n O C+ i- n c l.
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 24
manishkumarphysics.in
i.n ini (+ i ~i (+ l-i i Ri n t = i - -ii +i l-i i zi - t z +i : in n (n .
+in+ ( --+i -i zi + ni + ~nii) -ti nnii i ti t R+i l+= +i ll-- l+i i l== l+
z +i <l-iii-i l<zii n (+ =ni- +iii n = inii i =+` ~- --i +i <i ni ilzii -ii z OA
,ii -il- = -i n +i i u + <i n +- +il
F
O
A





C
c
R
Ans.
u
e + c
cos mg 2
) B a 2 ( aB
2
63. Awire of mass m and length can slide freely on a pair of smooth, vertical rails (figure). Amagnetic field B
exists in the region in the direction perpendicular to the plane of the rails. The rails are connected at the top
end by a capacitor of capacitance C. Find the acceleration of the wire neglecting any electric resistance.
m <ni- ( n-i: ini (+ -i. <i - ( l-+-i li n+- = l+=n =+-i t li + -n
+ n-- l<zii n (+ - -+i -i zi Blni- t li +i ziii Ciil-i in = iilzi = i i ni t l+=i
ii l-ii +i nii ni-- t( -i +i i ai- +il
C






Ans.
2 2
CB m
mg
+
64. Auniformmagnetic field B exists in a cylindrical region, shown dotted in figure. The magnetic field increases
at a constant rate
dt
dB
. Consider a circle of radius r coaxial with the cylindrical region. (a) Find the magnitude
of the electric field E at a point on the circumference of the circle. (b) Consider a point P on the side of the
square circumscribing the circle. Show that the component of the induced electric field at P along ba is the
same as the magnitude found in part (a).
(+ n-i+i -izi n (l-zi n ii l+- <ziii ni t ) =n --+i -i zi Blni- t - -+i -izi n
dt
dB
+i
l-- < = lz ti ti t n-i+i -izi + =ni-i- r lzii + -i l-i +il (a) -i +i lli l-i-
l-< l- -izi E+i lnii ai- +il (b) -i +i lz +- in n +i ii l-i- l-< P l-
l- -izi +i ba + ~-l<zi i+ iin (a) n i-- lnii + i t
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 25
manishkumarphysics.in
d
c
b
a


P
Ans. (a)
dt
dB
2
r
65. The current in an ideal, long solenoid is varied at a uniform rate of 0.01A/s. The solenoid has 2000 turns/m
and its radius in 6.0 cm. (a) Consider a circle of radius 1.0 cminside the solenoid with its axis coinciding with
the axis of the solenoid. Write the change in the magnetic flux through this circle in 2.0 seconds. (b) Find the
electric field induced at a point on the circumference of the circle. (c) Find the electric field induced at a point
outside the solenoid at a distance 8.0 cm from its axis.
(+ ~i<zi n-i l-ln+i n iii 0.01 (-i=. +i (+ =ni- < = c ti t l-ln+i n 2000 +ni. t
( :=+i lzii 6.0 = ni t (a) l-ln+i + ~-< 1.0 = ni lzii + -i l-i +il l=+i ~-i l-ln+i
+i ~-i = =-il-- t -i = n- in +n+= n 2.0 = + n ti - ini l- - ai- +il (b) -i +i
lli l-i- l+=i l-< l- l- -izi ai- +il (c) l-ln+i + it ( :=+i ~-i = 8.0 =ni <i
l-i- l-< l- l- -izi ai- +il
Ans. (a) 1.6 10
8
weber (b) 1.2 10
27
V/m (c) 5.6 10
7
V/m
66. An average emf of 20 V is induced in an inductor when the current in it is changed from2.5Ain one direction
to the same value in the opposite direction in 0.1 s. Find the self-inductance of the inductor.
l+=i i +ni n (+ l<zii n ilt- 2.5Aiii +i 0.1 =+ n ll-- ++ :-- ti ni- +i iii
ll- l<zii n ilt- +i i-i t . -i ~i=- l.i.. 20 V l- ti-i t l- + ni +i - + ai- +il
Ans. 0.4 H
67. A magnetic flux of 8 x 10
4
weber is linked with each turn of a 200 turn coil when there is an electric current
of 4A in it. Calculate the self-inductance of the coil.
200 + i ini +ni n 4Aiii ilt- +- :=+ + + = =-z --+i +n+= 8 x 10
4
t
+ ni + - + +i ni-i +il
Ans. 4 10
2
H
68. The current in a solenoid of 240 turns, having a length of 12 cmand a radius of 2 cm, changes at a rate of 0.8
A/s. Find the emf induced in it.
240 +i. 12 =ni n-i: ( 2 =ni lzii ini l-ln+i n iii 0.8A/s +i < = ll-- ti ti t :=n l-
l.i.. ai- +il
Ans. 6 10
4
V
69. Find the value of t/t for which the current in an L/Rcircuit builds up to (a) 90%, (b) 99%and (c) 99.9%of the
steady-state value
t/t +i t ni- ai- +il. l=+ ln (+ L/Rli n iii +i ni- -iii l-il- +i (a) 90%, (b) 99%~i
(c) 99.9% ti i
Ans. 2.3, 4.6, 6.9.
70. An inductor-coil carries a steady-state current of 2.0Awhen connected across an ideal battery of emf 4.0 V.
If its inductance is 1.0 H, find the time constant of the circuit.
(+ + +ni +i 4.0 l.i.. ini ~i<zi i = i - :=n -iii ~-ii n 2.0Aiii ilt- ti-i t
l< + 1.0 H t . -i li +i =nl-ii + ai- +il
Ans. 0.50 s
71. A coil having inductance 2.0 H and resistance 20 O is connected to a battery of emf 4.0 V. Find (a) the
current at the instant 0.20 s after the connection is made and (b) the magnetic field energy at this instant.
2.0 H+ ( 20 Ol-ii ini +ni +i 4.0 V l.i.n +i i = =il- l+i ni t ai- +il
(a) =i- +- + 0.20 =+ z-i- iii. ~i (b) := -ii --+i -izi +i -i
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 26
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans. (a) 0.17A (b) 0.03 J
72. A coil of resistance 40 O is connected across a 4.0 V battery, 0.10 s after the battery is connected, the
current in the coil is 63 mA. Find the inductance of the coil.
40 Ol-ii ini (+ +ni 4.0 Vi = i i ni t i i - + 0.10 =+ z-i- +ni n iii
63 mA t +ni +i + ai- +il
Ans. 4.0 H
73. An inductor of inductance 5.0 H, having a negligible resistance, is connected in series with a 100 Oresistor
and a battery of emf 2.0 V. Find the potential difference across the resistor 20 ms after the circuit is switched
on.
5.0 H+ ( -n l-ii ini +ni +i 100 O + l-ii -ii 2.0 V l.i.. +i i + =ii ii+n
n i i ni t l-- -in +- + 20 ms z-i- li n l-ii + l=i lii-- ai- +il
Ans. 0.66 V
74. The time constant of an LR circuit is 40 ms. The circuit is connected at t = 0 and the steady-state current is
found to be 2.0 A. Find the current at (a) t = 10 ms (b) t = 20 ms, (c) t = 100 ms and (d) t = 1 s.
(+ LRli +i =nl-ii+ 40 lnni =+ t t = 0 li i l+i i-i t ~i 2.0A-iii iii i--
ti-i t (a) t = 10 lnni =+ (b) t = 20 lnni =+ , (c) t = 100 lnni =+ ~i (d) t = 1 =+ iii ai-
+il
Ans. (a) 0.44 A(b) 0.79 A(c) 1.8 Aand (d) 2.0 A
75. An LR circuit has L = 1.0 H and R = 20 O. It is connected across an emf of 2.0 V at t = 0. Find di/dt at (a) t
= 100 ms, (b) t = 200 ms and (c) t = 1.0 s.
(+ LRli n L = 1.0 H( R= 20 O t :=+i t = 0 2.0 Vl.i.. + l=i i i ni t (a) t =100
lnni = + , (b) t = 200 lnni = + -ii (c) t = 1.0 = +. di/dt +i ni- ai- +il
Ans. (a) 0.44 A (b) 0.79 A (c) 1.8 A and (d) 2.0 A
76. What are the values of the self-induced emf in the circuit of the previous problem at the times indicated
therein?
lzn z- n l< n =ni li n -l- l.i.. + ni- +i t`
Ans. (a) 0.27 A/s (b) 0.036 V (c) 4.1 10
9
V
77. An inductor-coil of inductance 20 mH having resistance 10 O is joined to an ideal battery of emf 5.0 V. Find
the rate of change of the induced emf at (a) t = 0, (b) t = 10 ms and (c) t = 1.0 s.
20 mH+ ( 10 Ol-ii ini (+ i +ni +i 5.0 V l.i.. +i ~i<zi i = i i ni t
(a) t = 0, (b) t = 10 lnni = + ~i (c) t = 1.0 = + l- l.i.. n l- - +i < ai- +il
Ans. (a) 2.5 10
3
V/s (b) 17 V/s and (c) 0.00 V/s
78. An LR circuit contains an inductor of 500 mH, a resistor of 25.0 O and emf of 5.00 V in series. Find the
potential difference across the resistor at t = (a) 20.0 ms, (b) 100 ms and (c) 1.00 s.
(+ LRli n 500 mH+. 25.0 Ol-ii ~i 5.00 Vl.i.. ii+n n =il- t l-ii + l=i
lii - t = (a) 20.0 lnni = + , (b) 100 lnni = + -ii (c) 1.00 = + ai- +il
Ans. (a) 3.16 V (b) 4.97 V and (c) 5.00 V
79. An inductor-coil of resistance 10 O and inductance 120 mH is connected across a battery of emf 6 V and
internal resistance 2W. Find the charge which flows through the inductor in (a) 10 ms, (b) 20 ms and (c) 100
ms after the connections are made.
10 Ol-ii ~i 120 mH+ ini (+ i +ni +i 6 V l.i.. ~i 2O ~i-l+ l-ii ini i
+ l=i = i i ni t =i- i ti- + z-i- t = (a) 10 lnni =+, (b) 20 lnni =+ ~i (c) 100 lnni
=+. z-i- i +ni = ilt- ~izi ai- +il
Ans. (a) 1.8 mC (b) 5.7 mC and (c) 45 mC
80. An inductor-coil of inductance 17 mHis constructed from a copper wire of length 100 m and cross-sectional
area 1 mm
2
. Calculate the time constant of the circuit if this inductor is joined across an ideal battery. The
resistivity of copper = 1.7 x 10
8
O-m.
100 ni. n- ( 1 mm
2
~--i +i -izi+n in -i + -i = 17 mH+ ini i +ni -ii ni
t l< := i +ni +i (+ ~i<zi i + l=i = ii i -i li +i =n l-ii+ ai- +il -i
+i l-i i+-i = 1.7 x 10
8
O- ni.
Ans. 10 ms
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 27
manishkumarphysics.in
81. An LR circuit having a time constant of 50 ms in connected with an ideal battery of emf c. Find the time
elapsed before (a) the current reaches half its maximumvalue, (b) the power dissipated in heat reaches half
its maximum value and (c) the magnetic field energy stored in the circuit reaches half its maximum value.
(+ LRli. l=+i =n l-ii + 50 lnni = + t . c l.i.. +i ~i<zi i = i i ni t -i- t ~i =n
ai- +il (a) iii + ~li+-n +i ~iii ni- i-- +- -+, (b) -ni + n -i- zil+- +i ~li+-n +i
ni- i-- +- -+ -ii (c) li n --+i -izi -i +i ~li+-n +i ~iii ni- i-- +- -+
Ans. (a) 35 ms (b) 61 ms (c) 61 ms
82. A coil having an inductance L and a resistance R is connected to a battery of emf c. Find the time taken for
the magnetic energy stored in the circuit to change from one fourth of the steady-state value to half of the
steady-state value.
L + ( Rl-ii ini +ni c l.i.. +i i = ii ni t li n =l-- --+i -izi -i +i
ni- -iii ~-ii + (+ -iii: = -iii ~-ii + ~ii -+ ll-- ti- n nni =n ai- +il
Ans. t ln
2 2
1

83. A solenoid having inductance 4.0 H and resistance 10 Ois connected to a 4.0 V battery at t = 0. Find (a) the
time constant (b) the time elapsed before the current reaches 0.63 of its steady-state value, (c) the power
delivered by the battery at this instant and (d) the power dissipated in Joule heating at this instant.
4.0 H + ( 10 O l-i i ini (+ l-ln+i +i t = 0 4.0 V +i i = i i ni t ai- +il
(a) =n l-ii+ (b) iii +i ni- -iii ~-ii ni- +i 0.63 n-i ti- n -i- =n (c) := -ii i ,ii
<-i zil+- ~i (d) := -ii n -ni + n l- zil+-
Ans. (a) 0.40 s (b) 0.40 s (c) 1.0 W and (d) 0.64 W
84. The magnetic field at a point inside a 2.0 mHinductor-coil becomes 0.80 of its maximumvalue in 20 s when
the inductor is joined to a battery. Find the resistance of the circuit.
i = i- + 20 s z-i- 2.0 mH+ ini +ni + ~-< l-i- l+=i l-< --+i -izi +i ni-
:=+ ~li+-n ni- +i 0.80 n -i ti i-i t li +i l-ii ai- +il
Ans. 160 O
85. An LR circuit with emf c is connected at t = 0. (a) Find the charge Q which flows through the battery during
0 to t. (b) Calculate the work done by the battery during this period. (c) Find the heat developed during this
period. (d) Find the magnetic field energy stored in the circuit at time t. (e) Verify that the results in the three
parts above are consistent with energy conservation.
(+ LRli c l.i.. + =ii t = 0 i i ni t (a) 0 to t -+ i = ilt- ~izi Qai- +il
(b) := +in n i ,ii l+i ni +i ai- +il (c) := +in n --- -ni ai- +il (d) =n t
li n =l-- --+i -i ai- +il (e) t il- l+ -+- -i- iini n i-- liin -i =-ii l-n
+i l +- t
Ans. (a)
)
`


c
) x 1 (
R
L
t
R
(b)
)
`


c
) x 1 (
R
L
t
R
2
(c)
)
`

+
c
) x x 4 3 (
R 2
L
t
R
2
2
(d)
2
2
) x 1 (
R 2
L

c
where x
t / Rt
e

86. An inductor of inductance 2.00 H is joined in series with a resistor of resistance 200 O and a battery of emf
2.00 V. At t = 10 ms, find (a) the current in the circuit, (b) the power delivered by the battery, (c) the power
dissipated in heating the resistor and (d) the rate at which energy is being stored in magnetic field.
2.00 H + ini i +ni +i 200 O+ l-ii -ii 2.00 Vl.i.. +i i + =ii ii+n n ii ni
t t = 10 lnni =+ . ai- +il (a) li n iii (b) i ,ii <-i zil+-, (c) l-ii +i nn +- n
l- zil+- -ii (d) --+i -izi n =l-- +i i ti -i +i <
Ans. (a) 6.3 mA(b) 12.6 mW (c) 8.0 mW and (d) 4.6 mW.
87. Two coils Aand B have inductances 1.0 H and 2.0 H respectively. The resistance of each coil is 10 O. Each
coil is connected to an ideal battery of emf 2.0 V at t = 0. Let i
A
and i
B
be the currents in the two circuit at time
t. Find the ratio i
A
/i
B
at (a) t = 100 ms, (b) t = 200 ms and (c) t = 1 s.
<i +lni A-ii B+ + +nzi 1.0 H( 2.0 Ht + +ni +i l-ii 10 O t + +ni +i
t = 0 2.0 Vl.i.. +i ~i<zi i = ii ni t ni-i l+ <i -i lii n =n t iii( i
A
~i i
B
t ~- i-
i
A
/i
B
+i ni- (a) t = 100 lnni = + , (b) t = 200 lnni = + -ii (c) t = 1 = +. =n ai- +il
Ans. (a) 1.6 (b) 1.4 (c) 1.0
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
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manishkumarphysics.in
88. The current in a discharging LRcircuit without the battery drops from2.0Ato 1.0Ain 0.10 s. (a) Find the time
constant of the circuit. (b) If the inductance of the circuit is 4.0 H, what is its resistance?
l-i i in LRl= - li n 0.10 =+ n iii +i ni- 2.0A= 1.0A-+ +n ti i-i t (a) li
+i =nl-ii+ ai- +il (b) l< li +i + 4.0 Ht . -i l-i i l+--i t `
Ans. (a) 0.14 s (b) 28 O
89. Aconstant current exists in an inductor-coil connected to a battery. The coil is short-circuited and the battery
is removed. Show that the total charge flown through the coil after the short-circuiting is the same as that
which flows in one time constant just before the short-circuiting.
i = i t: (+ i +ni n -iii iii ilt- ti ti t +ni +i nili- + l<i i-i t ~i
i ti ni i-i t +- +il l+ nili- +- + z-i- ilt- ~izi +i ni- ---i ti t. l--i l+
nili- +- = (+ =ni--in ilt- t~i ii
90. Consider the circuit shown in figure. (a) Find the current through the battery
a long time after the switch S is closed. (b) Suppose the switch is again
opened at t = 0. What is the time constant of the discharging circuit? (c)
Find the current through the inductor after one time constant.
l-zi n <lzi - li l-i +il (a) l-- S+i < +- + n- =n
z-i- i = ilt- iii ai- +il (b) ni- nil l+ t = 0 l-- -
ii n l<i i-i t l= - li +i =nl-ii + l+--i t ` (c) (+
=nl-ii+ + z-i- + = ilt- iii ai- +il
R
2
R
1 L
S c
Ans. (a)
2 1
2 1
R R
) R R ( + c
(b)
2 1
R R
L
+
(c)
e R
1
c
91. Acurrent of 1.0Ais established in a tightly wound solenoid of radius 2 cmhaving 1000 turns/metre. Find the
magnetic energy stored in each metre of the solenoid.
+= + n i ni 2 =ni lzii 1000 +ni ini l-ln+i n 1.0Aiii ilt- ti ti t l-ln+i
+ + ni n = l-- - -+i -i ai- +il
Ans. 7.9 10
4
J
92. Consider a small cube of volume 1 mm
3
at the centre of a circular loop of radius 10 cm carrying a current of
4A. Find the magnetic energy stored inside the cube.
10 =ni lzii ( 4A iii it in -ii+i n + +-< 1 lnni
3
~i-- in i- l-i +il i- +
~-< = l-- - -+i -i ai- +il
Ans. 8t 10
14
J
93. Along wire carries a current of 4.00A. Find the energy stored in the magnetic field inside a volume of 1 mm
3
at a distance of 10.0 cm from the wire.
(+ n- -i = 4.00Aiii ilt- ti ti t -i = 10.00 =ni < i l-i- 1.00 mm
3
~i-- n =l-- - -+i
-i zi -i ai- +il
Ans. 2.55 10
14
J
94. The mutual inductance between two coils is 2.5 H. It the current in one coil is changed at the rate of 1 A/s,
what will be the emf induced in the other coil?
<i + lni + i- ~-i- + 2.5 Ht l< (+ + ni n iii 1 (-i= + +i < = ll- - ti -i
t. -i <=i +ni n l+--i l.i.. l- tini`
Ans. 2.5 V
95. Find the mutual inductances between the straight wire and the square loop of figure.
l-zi n <lzi- =ii -i ( ni+i n + i- ~-i- + ai- +il
a
b
i
Chapter # 38 Electromagnetic Induction
Page # 29
manishkumarphysics.in
Ans.
|
.
|

\
|
+
t

b
a
1 ln
2
a
0

96. Find the mutual inductance between the circular coil and the loop shown in figure.
l-zi n <lzi- -ii+i +ni ~i n + i- ~-i- + ai- +il
c
Ans.
2 / 3 2 2
12 2
0
) x a ( 2
' a a
N
+
t
97. A solenoid of length 20 cm, area of cross-section 4.0 cm
2
and having 4000 turns is placed inside another
solenoid of 2000 turns having a cross-sectional area 8.0 cm
2
and length 10 cm. Find the mutual inductance
between the solenoids.
20 =ni n-i. 4.0 =ni
2
~--i +i -izi+n ~i 4000 +i ini l-ln+i. (+ ~- l-ln+i + ~-< ii
t : t l=+i n-i: 10 = ni ~- -i +i -i zi+n 8 = ni
2
~i + i +i = i 2000 t l-ln+i~i + i-
~-i - + ai- +il
Ans. 2.0 10
2
H
98. The current in a long solenoid of radius R and having n turns per unit length is given by i = i
0
sin et. A coil
having N turns is wound around it neat the centre. Find (a) the induced emf in the coil and (b) the mutual
inductance between the solenoid and the coil.
Rlzii ( l- (+i+ n-i: n n +i ini (+ n-i l-ln+i n ilt- iii i = i
0
sin et ,ii +- +i i-i
t :=+ +-< + =ni N+i ini (+ +ni ni ni t ai- +il (a) +ni n l- l.i.. -ii
(b) l-ln+i ( +ni + i- ~-i- +
Ans. (a) t
0
i
0
nNeR
2
cos et (b) t
0
nNR
2