You are on page 1of 72

CD/DVD

WORKSHOP

By

Heman Lee

For use by the Asian Community Center

and E.M. Hart Senior Center computer class.

“CD/DVD Workshop” may not be used or reproduced

without permission from Heman Lee


Table of Contents
Table of Contents ............................................................................................ 3
SESSION 1 – CD/DVD FORMAT ................................................................ 1
Compact Disc .............................................................................................. 1
Understanding CD Burner Speeds .............................................................. 1
How much can you store on a CD/DVD ..................................................... 2
Capacity of CD/DVD .................................................................................. 3
CD-R Versus CD-RW ................................................................................. 3
Blank CDs and DVDs come in several flavors. .......................................... 4
DVD Formats .............................................................................................. 5
Why So Many DVD Formats?................................................................. 5
Plus or Minus - What's The Difference?.................................................. 5
DVD+R and DVD+RW ........................................................................... 5
DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM ....................................................... 5
High Def Format ......................................................................................... 6
HD-DVD .................................................................................................. 6
Blu-ray ..................................................................................................... 7
CD/DVD Burner.......................................................................................... 7
Typical Specifications .............................................................................. 7
Compatible Writable Media: CD-R ....................................................... 8
Supported Formats: CD-DA .................................................................. 8
Additional Features .................................................................................. 8
SESSION 2 – HOW TO BURN ..................................................................... 9
How to Burn a CD or DVD in Windows Vista or XP ................................ 9
Live File System (UDF) .............................................................................. 9
Free Burn Software ................................................................................... 10
How to Burn UDF (Packet Writing) in Window XP ................................ 11
Setting Write Speed in Windows XP ........................................................ 11
Burn a UDF CD using Vista ..................................................................... 12
Add More Data Later ................................................................................ 14
Erase a disc ................................................................................................ 15
Updating Files ........................................................................................... 15
Burn ISO 9660 Format (Mastered) ........................................................... 15
SESSION 3 – AUDIO CD ............................................................................ 16
Concept ...................................................................................................... 16
Window Media Screen .............................................................................. 16
Media Player Version 10 (Vista or XP SP1) ......................................... 17
Media Player Version 11 (Vista or XP SP2) ......................................... 17
Play a CD or DVD..................................................................................... 18
Ripping a CD ............................................................................................. 18
How to Create a Playlist ............................................................................ 19
Burn an Audio CD using Media Player 11 ............................................... 20
SESSION 4 – VIDEO CD/DVD .................................................................. 25
Changing DVD Project Options ................................................................ 25
Choose How Your DVD is Played Back .................................................. 26
DVD Aspect Ratio ................................................................................. 26
Video Format ......................................................................................... 27
Temporary file location.......................................................................... 27
BURN DVD .............................................................................................. 27
Preview Your Disc Before Burning ....................................................... 29
Choose DVD Menu................................................................................ 30
Change Menu Title ................................................................................ 31
rd
3 Party DVD Software ............................................................................ 34
DVD Authoring ..................................................................................... 34
Notes .......................................................................................................... 35
Media Player 11 Shortcut Keys ................................................................. 36
Appendix A ..................................................................................................... 1
Windows Writing Wizard ............................................................................... 2
Using AutoPlay ............................................................................................... 2
Appendix B ..................................................................................................... 1
Using Roxio Creator 9 ................................................................................. 3
Data Disc Options ....................................................................................... 7
Type: ........................................................................................................ 7
Mode: ....................................................................................................... 7
File System:.............................................................................................. 7
File system notes: ..................................................................................... 7
BACKUP SCREEN .................................................................................. 10
Erasing a CD-RW or DVD+/-RW disc. .................................................... 12
To erase a rewritable CD or DVD using Roxio Creator Plus. .................. 14
Copying a CD or DVD disc. ..................................................................... 16
Notes .......................................................................................................... 19
SESSION 1 – CD/DVD FORMAT

Compact Disc
Known by its abbreviation, CD, a compact disc is a
polycarbonate with one or more metal layers capable
of storing digital information. The most prevalent
types of compact discs are those used by the music
industry to store digital recordings and CD-Rs used to
store computer data. Both of these types of compact
disc are read-only, which means that once the data
has been recorded onto them, they can only be read,
or played.
Another type of compact disc, called CD-RWs, can have their data erased
and overwritten by new data. Currently, erasable optical storage is too slow
to be used as a computer's main storage facility, but as the speed improves
and the cost comes down, optical storage devices are becoming a popular
alternative to tape systems as a backup method.

Understanding CD Burner Speeds

20x12x48
Have you ever wondered what all those numbers mean when you go to buy a
CD burner? When you see a configuration that looks like three numbers
separated by the letter "x"), these numbers indicate the drive speeds of the
CD drive.
The "x" stands for the transfer of 150 KB of data per second, and each
number represents a different action that the CD drive can take. A CD-R
drive has two actions -- recording onto and reading from compact discs. A
CD-RW drive has three actions -- recording, rewriting (erasing and
recording over) and reading.
CD DVD Workshop.doc 1 5/8/2009
When looking at the drive speeds, the first number ("20" in the above
example) indicates the speed at which the CD drive will record data onto a
CD-R compact disc. So, in the above example, the CD drive will record data
at 20 times 150 KB/second.
The second number ("12" in the above example) indicates the speed at
which the CD drive will rewrite data onto a CD-RW compact disc. So in the
above example, the CD drive will rewrite data onto the compact disc at 12
times 150 KB/second.
The last number ("48in the above example) indicates the speed at which the
drive will read data from a compact disc. So in the above example, the CD
drive will read data from a compact disc at 48 times 150 KB/second.
CD-R compact discs are discs that can be recorded on only once. Once the
data has been burned, it is permanent and cannot be erased. CD-RW
compact discs are discs that can be
recorded, erased and re-recorded over.
Most audio CD players, especially
older models, can only read CD-R
discs, so it is best to record music
onto CD-Rs. CD-RWs are typically
used to store data or used as back up
files.

How much can you store on a CD/DVD

Unit Abb. Size Equivalent


Bit 1 bit
Byte B 8 bits 1 text character
Kilobyte K 1,025 bytes 1 page of text
Megabyte MB 1,048,576 bytes A novel
Gigabyte GB 1,024 Megabytes An encyclopedia

CD DVD Workshop.doc 2 5/8/2009


Capacity of CD/DVD

-
Media Cost per Disc Capacity
Audio CD-R .30-40 80 minutes of music
Data CD-R .15-30 700 MB
Archive CD-R 1.00 – 2.00 700 MB
DVD – R or +R .25-1.00 4.7 GB
DVD-DL 1.80 – 3.00 8.54 GB
DVD-DL Printable 2.00 0 3.00 4.7 GB
DVD-RW DL 3.00 9 GB
Bluray 10.00-15.00 25 GB-50GB

CD-R Versus CD-RW


CD-R (compact disc, recordable) and CD-RW (compact disc, rewriteable)
media is very similar, but there are some key differences.

• CD-R (or DVD –R or DVD +R)


Write Once, Read Multiple Times
Once written, cannot be re-written
• CD-RW (or DVD –RW or DVD +RW)
Write Multiple Times, Read Multiple Times
Can be used in the same way as a diskette, but hundreds of times more
storage space
Can copy to/from and delete from

CD DVD Workshop.doc 3 5/8/2009


May need to be formatted
Can take a long time

Blank CDs and DVDs come in several flavors.

 CD-R
 Data/Music – use once
 CD-RW
 Data /Music– use multiple times
 DVD – R or + R
 Movies/Data – use once
 DVD – RW or + RW
 Movies/Data—use multiple times

CD DVD Workshop.doc 4 5/8/2009


DVD Formats
Why So Many DVD Formats?
The crucial difference among the standards is
based on which standards each manufacturer
adheres to. Similar to the old VHS/Beta tape wars
when VCRs first hit the markets, different
manufacturers support different standards. Often
called a "format war", both the industry and
consumers are still waiting to see which format will emerge as the industry
standard.

Plus or Minus - What's The Difference?


The different variations on the term DVD (e.g. +R, -R, -ROM, and so on)
describe the way data is stored on or written to the disc itself. These are
called physical formats.

DVD+R and DVD+RW


DVD+R and DVD+RW formats are supported by Philips, Sony, Hewlett-
Packard, Dell, Ricoh, Yamaha and others.
DVD+R is a recordable DVD format similar to CD-R. A DVD+R can
record data only once and then the data becomes permanent on the disc. The
disc cannot be recorded onto a second time.
DVD+RW is a re-recordable format similar to CD-RW. The data on a
DVD+RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times without
damaging the medium.
Note: DVDs that have been made using a +R/+RW device can be read by
most commercial DVD-ROM players.

DVD-R, DVD-RW and DVD-RAM


These formats are supported by Panasonic, Toshiba, Apple Computer,
Hitachi, NEC, Pioneer, Samsung and Sharp. These formats are also
supported by the DVD Forum.
DVD-R is a recordable DVD format similar to CD-R and DVD+R. A DVD-
R can record data only once and then the data becomes permanent on the
disc. The disc cannot be recorded onto a second time. There also are two
additional standards for DVD-R disks: DVD-RG for general use, and DVD-

CD DVD Workshop.doc 5 5/8/2009


RA for authoring, which is used for mastering DVD video or data and is not
typically available to the general public.
DVD-RW is a re-recordable format similar to CD-RW or DVD+RW. The
data on a DVD-RW disc can be erased and recorded over numerous times
without damaging the medium. DVDs created by a -R/-RW device can be
read by most commercial DVD-ROM players.
DVD-RAM discs can be recorded and erased repeatedly but are compatible
only with devices manufactured by the companies that support the DVD-
RAM format. DVD-RAM discs are typically housed in cartridges.
DVD-ROM was the first DVD standard to hit the market and is a read-only
format. The video or game content is burned onto the DVD once and the
DVD will run on any DVD-ROM-equipped device. DVD-ROMs are similar
to CDs.
DVD+R DL and DVD-R DL
Dual layer technology is supported by a range of manufacturers including
Dell, HP, Verbatim, Philips, Sony, Yamaha and others. As the name
suggests, dual layer technology provides two individual recordable layers on
a single-sided DVD disc. Dual Layer is more commonly called Double
Layer in the consumer market, and can be seen written as DVD+R DL or
DVD-R DL.
DVD+R DL (also called DVD+R9) is a Dual Layer writeable DVD+R.
DVD-R DL (also called DVD-R9) is a Dual Layer writeable DVD-R. The
dual layered discs can hold 7.95GB
The dual layered discs (DVD+R9 and DVD-R9) can hold 7.95GB and
double sided dual layer (called dvd-18) can hold 15.9GB.

High Def Format


HD-DVD
Short for high definition-DVD, a generic term for the technology of
recording high-definition video on a DVD. In general, HD-DVD is capable
of storing between two and four times as much data as standard DVD.
On February 19, 2008, Toshiba issued a release stating that it would no
longer develop, manufacture and market HD DVD players and recorders,
with cessation of the player and recorders targeted for March 2008. Several
major retail chains, such as Wal-Mart followed with plans to no longer carry
the product, and major Hollywood studios have also dropped plans to release
product in HD-DVD format as well.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 6 5/8/2009


Blu-ray
Blu-ray Disc (BD) - uses a 405nm-wavelength blue-violet laser technology,
in contrast to the 650nm-wavelength red laser technology used in traditional
DVD formats. The rewritable Blu-ray disc, with a data transfer rate of
36Mbps (1x speed) can hold up to 25GB of data on a single-layer disc and
50GB on a dual-layer disc. On a 50GB disc, this translates into 9 hours of
high-definition (HD) video or approximately 23 hours of standard-definition
(SD) video. The Blu-ray format was developed jointly by Sony, Samsung,
Sharp, Thomson, Hitachi, Matsushita, Pioneer and Philips, Mistubishi and
LG Electronics.

CD/DVD Burner

Most computers will have a CD/DVD burner as a standard feature. Usually


it will have Dual Layer support (DL), which means it can read and write
DVD that support DL.

Typical Specifications
 Cache Size: 2 MB
 DVD+R Write Speed: 20x
 DVD+RW Rewrite Speed: 8X
 DVD-R Write Speed: 20x
 DVD-RW Rewrite Speed: 6x
 DVD Read Speed: 16X
 DVD-RAM Read Speed: 12x
 DVD Access Time: 160 ms
 CD Write Speed: 48x
 CD Rewrite Speed: 32x
 CD Read Speed: 48x
 CD Access Time: 140 ms
 Interface Type: SATA VS EIDE
CD DVD Workshop.doc 7 5/8/2009
Compatible Writable Media: CD-R
 CD-RW
 DVD+R
 DVD+/-RW Dual Layer
 DVD+RW
 DVD-R
 DVD+R DL
 DVD-R DL

Supported Formats: CD-DA


 CD-Extra
 CD-ROM
 CD-Text
 DVD-RAM
 DVD-ROM
 DVD-Video CD
 Photo CD

Additional Features
LightScribe – a laser DVD/CD label burning technology found in many
popular brands of DVD/CD burners, laptops and PCs -- gives people the
ability to easily burn silkscreen-quality photos, graphics, images and text
directly onto LightScribe CDs and DVDs. A simple title printed in normal
mode will typically take a couple of minutes. A fuller disc image will take
approximately 15-20 minutes. LightScribe CDs are available in gold, red,
orange, yellow, and blue and green.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 8 5/8/2009


SESSION 2 – HOW TO BURN
How to Burn a CD or DVD in Windows Vista
or XP
In Windows Vista, it is very easy to burn CDs or DVDs without having to
purchase additional software. If your computer includes a CD or DVD
recorder, you can copy files to a writeable optical disc. This process is called
burning a disc. By default, Windows burns discs in the Live File System
format (UDF), but you can also choose to burn discs in the Mastered
format (ISO 9660).

Note: Without 3rd party software, a Windows XP


system can only burn data in ISO 9660 (Mastered)
format or Audio CD format.
You can use Windows to burn a data disc, which
is useful for storing, archiving, and sharing files
among different computers. If you want to make a
disc that will play in a music or video player, you
should burn the disc using a music or video program.

Live File System (UDF)


Now there are some more decisions to make. You can create a so called
'Live File System disc' (also called an UDF-disc) or you can create a so
called 'Mastered disc'.
If you want to use the disc as a flash drive or floppy disk, you better choose
for a 'Live File System disc'. The Live File System disc (UDF) disc is only
has to be compatible with Windows Vista and Windows XP. If you want to
create a Live File System disc (UDF) which also has to be compatible with
other operating systems, you click 'Show formatting options' and click on the
'Change version' link.
The compatibility of a UDF disc is with other computers depends on which
UDF version is chosen.
 UDF 1.02: This can be read by Windows 98 and some Apple
computers.
 UDF 1.5: Is compatible with Windows 2000, XP and Server 2003.
CD DVD Workshop.doc 9 5/8/2009
 UDF 2.01: Compatible with Windows XP and Server 2003. Earlier
Apple computers can possibly not read these discs. This is the version
which will automatically be chosen when you don't choose another
version manually. (Default)
 UDF 2.5: Specially designed for Windows Vista. Only use this when
the disc only has to be read by Vista computers.

Free Burn Software


CDBurnerXP- CDBurnerXP is a free application to burn CDs and DVDs,
including Blu-Ray and HD-DVDs. It also includes the feature to burn and
create ISOs, as well as a multi language interface.
http://cdburnerxp.se/download.php

DeepBurner Free- DeepBurner is a lightweight, powerful and solid burning


application. It can burn Data/Audio/Video CDs, all types of DVDs,
composing photo albums and even burning backups
http://www.deepburner.com/index.php

InfraRecorder- InfraRecorder is a free CD/DVD burning solution for


Windows. It offers a wide range of powerful features; all through an easy to
use application interface and Windows Explorer integration.
http://infrarecorder.org/

CD DVD Workshop.doc 10 5/8/2009


How to Burn UDF (Packet Writing) in Window
XP
For this you must install a third party UDF package. These usually come as
part of a complete suite of programs for burning CDs/DVDs, which
includes a ―mastering‖ program to burn ISO 9660 format (single sessions).
Most Windows XP computer systems will include one of these major
packages:
 Direct CD, part of Easy CD Creator (version 5.02 or later), or Drag
to Disk (its new name with version 6.0), from www.roxio.com.
While Easy CD Creator version 4 upgraded to 4.05 often will work if
installed on its own, the related Direct CD will not.
 InCD, part of Nero, from www.nero.com or www.nero.com. Get the
latest version. Version 3.21 of InCD, specifically created for
Windows XP, is now available for download.
 DLA. This is available as a stand-alone item from Sonic. DLA also is
part of the RecordNowMax Platinum package. Sonic is the parent
company of Roxio. You can get a Free versions of DLA and a Lite
version of RecordNow are available for Hewlett-Packard drives from
www.hp.com.
Any of the ―mastering‖ programs in
these suites also will create Audio CDs
from simple WAV files and from
compressed MP3 files.

Setting Write Speed in


Windows XP
In My Computer, right-click on the
CD-drive, then click Properties.
There should be:
 a ―Recording‖ page with a check
box to ―Enable Recording on
this drive‖;
 a pane to change the folder used
as work space during the actual
writing (which needs to have as
much space available as the
capacity of the CD you wish to
write); and
CD DVD Workshop.doc 11 5/8/2009
 a box to let you specify the speed of the drive.
It is recommended that you manually choose a speed in the provided box,
especially if you do choose to use the technique with CD-RW media, for
which the drive will usually not be capable of the speed assumed (the faster
one, for CD-R writing).

Burn a UDF CD using Vista


UDF 2.01 is the default format setting for burning CDs/DVDs on a
Windows Vista system.
1. Insert a blank CD or DVD into your computer's CD or DVD recorder.
If the AutoPlay appears, select ―Burn a DVD/CD data disc‖. If your
AutoPlay is disabled, then double-click on the CD/DVD icon in
Windows Explorer.

2. In the dialog box that appears, enter data disc title. Click the arrow
next to Show formatting options.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 12 5/8/2009


3. In the Burn a Disc dialog box, type a name for this disc
4. The default is UDF 2.01. To change it, click Change version, and
then click the down arrow to show the list box:

5. Click OK, and then click Next to prepare the disc. This will take a
few seconds. The Formatting screen will appear. Wait for the
progress bar to finish. This will take a few minutes.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 13 5/8/2009


6. Once the CD is formatted, you can use any Windows File
Management technique such as cut and paste, drag and drop or send to,
to copy files to the CD.

Add More Data Later


If you previously formatted a CD-R, CD-RW, or DVD-Recordable disc as
UDF (Live system), you can add more files to it until the CD is full.
This is known as multi-session. The CD or DVD does not have to be a RW
(Read/Write) to support multi-session.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 14 5/8/2009


Erase a disc
If you created a mastered format CD/DVD on a CD-RW or DVD-RW discs,
you can be erased so you can write new data to them even though the disc is
RW. You can however, reformat the disc and rewrite new data on to it.
Remember the mastered format is still and single session write format.
On a UDF format disc, you can erase a few files from it, even if the disc is
not RW. Erasing file from a UDF disc, does not reused any file space, it
simply marks it as being deleting.

Updating Files
New file can be added to a UDF formatted disc. Copying file with the same
filename will be over-written on a RW disc. However, copy files with the
same filename on a CD-R can still be done. Even though the directory
entry will show only one updated file, the new file is actually written to a
new blank area of the CD-R. You can keep doing this, until the disc if full.

Burn ISO 9660 Format (Mastered)


If you have chosen to burn a mastered disc format, you can drag and drop
file to the Windows Explorer window, but file are not written immediately.
The files displayed are waiting to be burned to disc. Notice the down arrow
in the file icon, indicating this.

Ready to
Burn Icon

After you have placed all of the files in the window, click Burn to disc to
start the burn process.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 15 5/8/2009


SESSION 3 – AUDIO CD

Concept
Ripping is the process of digitally extracting audio from CDs to your hard
drive in some type of digital format such as MP3, WMA or WAV.

Analog Digital

Encode 00100110011
10100

Ripping MP3 or WMA

Audio CD

Window Media Screen


This new tool that Windows incorporates allows us to listen to music from a
CD, tune radio stations, play a video, etc. It also lets us burn record songs
from a CD to our hard drive so that we can set up a playlist to listen to the
songs.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 16 5/8/2009


Media Player Version 10 (Vista or XP SP1)

Media Player Version 11 (Vista or XP SP2)

CD DVD Workshop.doc 17 5/8/2009


Play a CD or DVD
With Windows Media Player, you can play standard music CD’s, MP3 and
Microsoft own WMA files.

These are the commands to handle the player

.
Version 10

Version 11

The large round button is used to play as well as to pause. This means that
this button is used to start and pause a song.

This button is used to stop the song or video being played.


The following buttons are used to move ahead or skip back.

This button skips back to the previous song on the list. For example from
song 7 to song 6. Hold down the mouse to rewind.

This button is used to skip to the next song or video on our playlist.
Hold down the mouse to fast-forward.
To move forward or move backward in a song you can also use the bar that
indicates the progress of the song we are listening to.

Click with the left mouse button on the bar and drag it to the right to move
forward of to the left to move back. We can also control the Volume by
dragging the volume bar.

Ripping a CD
You can transfer your CD music library to your PC’s hard dirve in WMA or
MP3 file format. This is called ―Ripping‖. Once your music library is

CD DVD Workshop.doc 18 5/8/2009


transferred you can download to your mobile devices such as iPod or create
copies of your own personalize play list.

Many people who rip a CD archive the music files in a personal library on
the hard disk. Over time, the music library grows. Keeping your music in an
archive provides flexibility for more listening options. Soft jukeboxes, or
software designed to play music, can play your current favorite tunes while
you work or play on the computer.
Another great reason to rip a CD is to make a new CD using only the songs
you like. This is called burning a CD. In the ripping process, you can choose
to only copy certain songs, or you can rip a CD in full, then leave off the
tunes you don’t want when you burn the new CD. Compile CDs that only
feature the best songs in the order you want them. Combine artists and
genres – it’s all up to you.

How to Create a Playlist


To create a playlist we need to select Library tab.
Click on Playlists and then on New Playlist.... In the dialog box that will
appear put the name of the list you want to create and click OK.
Then check in My playlists to see that your new playlist appears.

To add a file to a playlist select Library tab since it


should be in the list of files that the library has in
order to add it.

From the list select the files you want and right click
to select Add to playlist... option.

This will show you a dialog box with the playlists;


select the playlist you want to add the song or songs
to and click Ok.

In the same way we can add a file to a playlist, we can also delete it; to do
this select the playlist and, from within that playlist, select the file you want
to delete. Right click on it and select Delete from playlist. You can also
delete it from the library by selecting Delete from library

CD DVD Workshop.doc 19 5/8/2009


Burn an Audio CD using Media Player 11

Digital Analog

00100110011
10100

MP3 or WMA

Audio CD
You can use Windows Media Player 11 to burn an audio CD containing
any mix of songs you want from your library. Once you've burned a CD, you
can play it in any standard CD player, such as your home stereo system,
your car, or your portable CD player, as well as on your computer. Burning
custom CDs makes it easy to listen to your favorite songs anywhere and
anytime you want.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 20 5/8/2009


Insert a blank CD-R disc into the CD burner.
If you have multiple CD burners installed on your computer and the burner
you want to use is not the one selected, in the List pane above the playlist,
click Next Drive, as shown in the following screen shot until the CD burner
drive you want is selected.

To add albums, songs, or playlists from your Player library, drag them from
the Details pane to the List pane to create a list of songs to burn. To remove
a song, right-click on it and select Remove from List.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 21 5/8/2009


Click the Start Burn button.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 22 5/8/2009


Wait to the green progress bar to finish for each file.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 23 5/8/2009


The CD will automatically eject from the burner when it is done burning.
The following screen will appear:

CD DVD Workshop.doc 24 5/8/2009


SESSION 4 – VIDEO CD/DVD
Note:, There is not built-in DVD authoring software on a Windows XP
system. Therefore most system will include some type of DVD video
software. If you do not have any DVD software, you can purchase a
3rd party software such as: Sonic DVD for Photostory 3 Plugin $19.95

Changing DVD Project Options


From the Start menu, open Windows DVD Maker.

Clicking on Options from the main DVD project window will give you the
following project options:

CD DVD Workshop.doc 25 5/8/2009


Choose How Your DVD is Played Back
If you want the DVD menu to display when the disc is inserted in a DVD
player, click Start with DVD menu.
If you want the video to play automatically when the disc is inserted in a
DVD player and have the menu display at the end, click Play video and end
with DVD menu.
If you want the video to play automatically and loop continuously, click Play
video in a continuous loop.

DVD Aspect Ratio


The DVD Aspect ratio represents the width vs. the height of a screen.
Widescreen televisions typically have 16 points in width for every 9 points
of height. You should consider what you would like the output to look like
when considering 4:3 or 16:9 aspect ratios.
If you are targeting a widescreen television for playback, choose 16:9.
Standard televisions are 4:3.
Note that this setting is used for determining the aspect ratio of both the
video and menus.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 26 5/8/2009


Video Format
Most of the time you will not need to change this setting. However, if you
intend to share your DVD with a friend or family member who lives in a
different country/region, you might need to change the video format to one
that matches theirs. The video format that is currently selected, NTSC or
PAL, is based on the Regional and Language Option settings in Control
Panel. Those in the United States should have NTSC selected.

Temporary file location


This option allows you to change the location for temporary files to a drive
with more space than the default. The best results are on a fast drive or
partition with at least 5GB of free space. If you are unsure, leave this blank.

In this example, there is a 2nd Hard Drive (D:). You can increase
performance of video on a 2nd drive that has more space.

BURN DVD
From the tool bar, click on the Add Item button to add pictures or videos to
your DVD burn list. You can use the Shift for contiguous selection or Ctrl
or non-contiguous selection or CTRL-A for all.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 27 5/8/2009


After selecting the items, this confirmation dialog box appears. Click OK to
confirm your selection.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 28 5/8/2009


Now you're ready to burn your DVD! You could simply press Start Burn,
but if you want to really personalize the disc, Windows DVD Maker gives
you plenty of options!
Click the Next button to design your DVD menu.

Preview Your Disc Before Burning


One of the best ways to get an idea of what the final DVD will look like, and
to get ideas for things to customize, is to see a preview. You can do this by
pressing the Preview button.

A dialog will pop up to let you know how the preview generation is
progressing.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 29 5/8/2009


Choose DVD Menu

Select on of the DVD menu design from the right list box.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 30 5/8/2009


Change Menu Title
You can customize the menu by adding your own Disc Title. In this
example, we added ―Ryan’s 2nd Birthday Party‖ to the title field. You can
also change the name of the Play and Scene button. The Font selection
arrow, allow you do change the text style of the menu.

You can addition notes or comment to the menu. This could be information
about your video, location, trip, etc.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 31 5/8/2009


You can select a foreground video that will display on the windows of the
menu. Or you can select a background video. You can add music or voice
file you your menu.

Once the preview has been generated, you will be shown a window that
"mimics" the functionality of a DVD player or DVD player software.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 32 5/8/2009


You will notice that moving your mouse over menu options will select them,
much like using the arrows on a remote control can select menu items. To
make things even more realistic, a set of remote control buttons including
Play, Pause, Previous Chapter, and Next Chapter buttons, as well as DVD
Menu, movement, and enter buttons are available.
Browse through the "DVD" and make sure you like how things look. Keep
track of things that you would like to change.
When you have finished testing the DVD preview out, press OK. Save
your DVD project before you burn. You will be returned to the Burn Disc
screen where you can improve your DVD (and test again) before burning the
final disc. When you are done editing, save your DVD project before you
burn. Select File>Save As. Enter a filename for your project. Now you are
ready to click the Burn button. Insert a black DVD disc into your DVD
burner.

CD DVD Workshop.doc 33 5/8/2009


3rd Party DVD Software
Why do you need additional software? Windows Vista burning software is
very limited. It only has a few basic function for create CD or DVDs. If
you want to do more creative CD/DVD, like multimedia (data and music or
video), copy disc image, video CD’s and DVD’s, etc.; look into one of these
software:

 Nero 8.0 (9.0 just released)


 Sonic/Roxio Creator 2009
 Cyberlink DVD Suite 6
 CDBurnerXP ver.4.2.2 (Free)

DVD Authoring
 Nero Vision
 Roxio – My DVD
 Corel – WinDVD
 Sonic/Roxio MyDVD

CD DVD Workshop.doc 34 5/8/2009


Notes

CD DVD Workshop.doc 35 5/8/2009


Media Player 11 Shortcut Keys

* Show video in full screen - ALT+ENTER


* Switch to full mode - CTRL+1
* Switch to skin mode - CTRL+2
* Play the previous item - CTRL+B
* Play the next item - CTRL+F
* Move the focus to the search box in the library - CTRL+E
* Turn shuffle on or off - CTRL+H
* Show or hide the Classic Menus (menu bar) in full mode - CTRL+M
* Create a playlist - CTRL+N
* Open a file - CTRL+O
* Play or pause a file - CTRL+P
* Stop playback - CTRL+S
* Rewind video - CTRL+SHIFT+B
* Turn captions and subtitles on or off - CTRL+SHIFT+C
* Fast-forward through video or music - CTRL+SHIFT+F
* Play faster than normal speed (time compression) - CTRL+SHIFT+G
* Play at normal speed - CTRL+SHIFT+N
* Play slower than normal speed (time expansion) - CTRL+SHIFT+S
* Repeat the playlist - CTRL+T
* Close or stop playing a file - CTRL+W
* Open Help - F1
* Show the Classic Menus (menu bar) -F10
* Switch to full-screen mode - F11
* Edit media information on a selected item in the library - F2
* Add media files to the library - F3
* Refresh information in the panes - F5
* Increase the size of album art - F6
* Decrease the size of album art - SHIFT+F6
CD DVD Workshop.doc 36 5/8/2009
* Mute the volume - F7
* Decrease the volume - F8
* Increase the volume - F9

CD DVD Workshop.doc 37 5/8/2009


Appendix A
Using CD Wizard

In this lesson you will learn to burn a data CD using standard Windows XP
software.

Objectives
 Learn how to burn a files a CD using Windows XP (Home and Pro Ed.
 Learn how to erase a CD-RW
Windows Writing Wizard
Windows Writing Wizard is included in a Windows XP system. Window
Writing Wizard only has the capability to create ISO 9660 (Mastered)
format. That is why a most XP system comes with some type of CD
writing software like Roxio or Nero.

Using AutoPlay
First make sure that all files are closed that you might wish to copy to a CD.

1. Insert a blank CD in the read/write CD drive. A dialog box


will appear on the monitor screen (Figure 1).

Figure 1 Dialog box for writing CD

2. Highlight the first item in the CD Drive (X:) dialog box (where X
is the letter for your CD-R/CD-RW or DVD-RW): Open
writable CD folder using Windows Explorer. (Figure 2)

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.2 5/8/2009


3. Click OK.

Figure 2 Folder to collect files and folders to write

Manually Burn CD
1. Click Start and select My Computer (Figure 3).

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.3 5/8/2009


Figure 3 Start My Computer

2. Select the drive where the files or folders you wish to copy to
the CD are located (Figure 4).

Figure 4 Select drive to get files and folders

3. Select the files or folders to be copied.


4. Right click on the selection and in the drop down menu
select Send to, and in the next menu select CD-R Drive
(X). (Figure 5)

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.4 5/8/2009


Figure 5 Files to be sent to CD-RW

5. Repeat steps 4, 5, and 6 until you have selected all the files
and folders you wish to copy to the CD.
6. In the taskbar at the bottom of the screen select the
button with the named your CD-R Drive (X) to restore
that window.
Note: Open and second window and use drag & drop to
stage files to be written.
7. On the left side of the screen in the CD Writing task box
select Write these files to the CD (Figure 6).

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.5 5/8/2009


Figure 6 Windows XP(Home) Files ready to be written to CD-RW

6B Windows XP (Pro Ed) Files ready to be written to CD-RW

8. Enter a name in the CD name: box or accept the default


name. Click the Next (Figure 7 Figure 8).

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.6 5/8/2009


Figures 7 Name the CD dialog box

Figure 8 Writing to the CD

9. When the files have been copied, if you do not want to create
another CD the same as the one just created, click Finish
(Figure 9).

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.7 5/8/2009


Figure 9 Wizard last dialog box

10. Verify that the file was copied correctly by opening My


Computer and select the CD-RW drive. (see step 5
above). Double click on the file and it should open.

11. When the CD-R drawer opens close it and a new dialog
box will appear. Select the command Open folder to
view files using Windows Explorer and click OK. You can
then verify that the copy was made as you wanted.

Procedure to Add a File to a CD

1. Insert a previously created CD in the read/write CD


drive. A dialog box with the title showing the name of
the CD in the title bar will appear. Select the
command Open folder to view files using Windows
Explorer and click OK.
2. Note: Windows and Dialog boxes for this activity will
be similar to those shown above.
Appendix A - CD Wizard A.8 5/8/2009
3. Click Start and select My Computer.
4. Select the drive where the files or folders you wish to
copy to the CD are located
5. Select the files or folders to be copied.
6. Right click on the selection and in the drop down menu
select Send to, and in the next menu select CD-R Drive
(X).
7. Repeat steps 3, 4, and 5 until you have selected all the
files and folders you wish to add to the CD.
8. In the taskbar at the bottom of the screen select the
button with the name of the CD and your CD-R Drive
(X) to restore that window.
9. On the left side of the screen in the CD Writing task
box select Write these files to the CD. On Windows
XP Pro Ed. Use File menu.
10. In the dialog box which opens, click on Next.
11. When the files have been copied, if you do not want to
create another CD the same as the one just created,
click Finish.
12. When the CD-R drawer opens close it and a new
dialog box will appear. Select the command Open
folder to view files using Windows Explorer and click
OK. You can then verify that the copy was made as
you wanted.

Appendix A - CD Wizard A.9 5/8/2009


Appendix B
Using Roxio Creator 9

In this lesson you will learn to burn a CD or DVD using a popular 3rd party
CD/DVD software, Roxio Creator 9

Objectives
 Learn how to burn a file to a CD or DVD using Roxio Creator 9
Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9
Contents Page

Using Roxio Creator 9 ................................................................................. 3


Data Disc Options ....................................................................................... 7
Type: ........................................................................................................ 7
Mode: ....................................................................................................... 7
File System:.............................................................................................. 7
File system notes: ..................................................................................... 7
BACKUP SCREEN .................................................................................. 10
Erasing a CD-RW or DVD+/-RW disc. .................................................... 12
To erase a rewritable CD or DVD using Roxio Creator Plus. .................. 14
Copying a CD or DVD disc. ..................................................................... 16
Notes .......................................................................................................... 19

Roxio Creator B.2 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Using Roxio Creator 9


Your Windows XP system might already include a version of Roxio Creator,
such as 9, 9 XE, 9 Plus or 10. The current version of Roxio Creator series is
2009. The only different between the newest version if the support for high-
def AVCHD video format.
To open Roxio Creator 9, find the appropriate program link and double-click
 The program link will either be on the desktop, or you can find it in
the Start/All Programs list

 On the Lab Computers, you may need to click on the Register Later
button on the registration screen

 That will bring up the Roxio Creator 9 home page shown in Figure 2.1

Figure 2.1

The home page lists the main menu items on the left hand side of the screen,
info or additional choices related to the selected menu item in the main
window, and status items in the windows along the bottom.

Roxio Creator B.3 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.3 Audio Menu Items

Roxio Creator B.4 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.4 Backup Menu Items

Figure 2.5 Copy Menu Items

Roxio Creator B.5 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.6 Data Menu Items (Data Guide)

Figure 2.7 Data/Data Disc Screen

Roxio Creator B.6 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9
Other than creating music CDs, this screen is the one that you would use
most often to copy files from your computer to a CD; this could be any file,
although most typically it would be a data file or a picture. In order to create
a CD, click on the Add Data button. That will open the Select Files and
Folders to Add dialog box. As you select files or folders, the Add button
will become active. When you click on the Add button, any selected files
and folders will be added to the list of files and folders to be burned to the
CD/DVD.

Data Disc Options


To change file system format, click on the Options button in the lower right
corner of the Data screen.

CD Recording Options — Choose from the following recording types. (Not


all disc recorders support all these options.)

Type:
Track-at-Once (TAO) , Open — Tracks are recorded individually. Unless
the disc is full, additional data can be added to the disc after it is recorded.
Track-at-Once (TAO), Closed — Tracks are recorded individually. No
additional data can be added to the disc after it is recorded.
Disc-at-Once (DAO), Closed — The entire disc is recorded in a single
session. No additional data can be added to the disc after it is recorded.

Mode:
The options include Mode 1 and Mode 2 XA. Mode 1 is used in almost
every circumstance except advanced format discs such as CD Extra or Video
CD. Unless you're sure you want to make a Mode 2 disc, it’s best to leave
this setting alone.

File System:
The default setting is ISO+Joliet. If you are going to be making a disc that
will be played back within Windows, you do not need to change this setting.

File system notes:


Microsoft Joliet has been used since Windows 95. This system can handle
file names up to 106 characters.
Choose ISO+Joliet to make a disc readable by as many computers as
possible.
Use ISO Level 2 only if you are familiar with this file system type.
The DVD file system is preset to ISO+Joliet+UDF. It cannot be changed.
Roxio Creator B.7 5/8/2009
Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9
Write-Once DVD Compatibility — Before recording to a write-once DVD
disc, you should consider whether you want the disc left ―open‖ (appendable)
or ―closed‖ (nonappendable) at the end of a recording session.
To leave your disc open, choose the option that reads: ―I would like to use
discs for more than one recording.‖ You will be able to record multiple
times to a single disc, but fewer drives will be able to read the disc. This is a
good choice if you expect to make many, small recordings on high-capacity
discs or don’t need to share your discs.
To close your disc at the end of a recording, choose the option that reads: ―I
only need to use discs for one recording.‖ You will only be able to record to
the disc once, but the disc will be compatible with a larger number of drives.
This is a good choice if you typically fill your discs during a single
recording session or need to use a disc on more than one computer.

Roxio Creator B.8 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.8 Select Files and Folders to Add

Repeat the above steps as often as necessary to get all of the files that you
want to copy listed in the Data Disc window.
 HINT: To select contiguous files or folders, click on the first file that
you want to select, hold down the SHIFT key, and click on the last file
that you want to select; all of the files in between will be selected

 HINT: To select discontiguous files of folders, click on any file that


you want to select, hold down the CONTROL key, and then click on
any additional files that you want to select; any files that you click on
will be selected

Once all of the files that you want to copy to the CD are selected, click on
the red Click button to continue button to begin recording the CD. If a
blank recordable CD is not in the drive, a message will appear on the screen
requesting that a CD be inserted.

When the copying is completed, the CD will be ejected from the CD drive.

Roxio Creator B.9 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

BACKUP SCREEN

Figure 2.10 Backup/Easy Archive Screen

Most CD burning software also includes a backup features, which allows


you to regularly back up files meeting certain criteria to a CD. This is one of
many backup alternatives available to PC owners.

Roxio Creator B.10 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.11 Tools Menu Items (Tools Guide)

Roxio Creator B.11 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Erasing a CD-RW or DVD+/-RW disc.


Because CD-RW and DVD +/-RW discs are rewritable you can erase them
just like floppy disks. It is most likely that you will use the software that
came with your CD or DVD drive for erasing, however the functionally is
included in Microsoft Windows should you need it.

To erase a rewritable CD or DVD using Microsoft Windows.

13. Insert the CD or DVD into the drive.


14. If the AutoPlay feature has been selected then:
15. Close the default audio player that opens.
16. Otherwise, select ‘Take no action’ and click OK to close
the dialog box.
17. Click on Start, then My Computer.
18. Right click on the drive icon for the drive that contains
the CD or DVD and select ‘Erase This CD-RW’. Note:
You may see additional options if 3rd party software
has been installed.

Figure 2.15 Erase this CD-RW

19. Click Next to erase the CD or DVD.

Roxio Creator B.12 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.16 Welcome to the CD Writing Wizard

20. When erasing is complete, click Next.

Figure 2.17 Erasing the CD

21. Click Finish to exit the wizard.

Roxio Creator B.13 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.18 Completing the CD Writing Wizard

To erase a rewritable CD or DVD using Roxio


Creator Plus.
Insert the CD or DVD into the drive.
If the AutoPlay feature has been selected then:
Close the default audio player that opens.
22. Otherwise, select ‘Take no action’ and click OK to close
the dialog box.
23. Select Creator Home from the Roxio folder in All
Programs.
24. Select Tools from the left menu and the Erase Disc
option.

Roxio Creator B.14 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.20

25. Specify the options and click on the red Erase Disc
button.

Roxio Creator B.15 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9
Figure 2.21

26. When erasing is complete the drive door will open.


27. Remove the CD or DVD and click Done.

Copying a CD or DVD disc.


One of the uses for a CD-R/RW or DVD-R/RW is storage of family photos
or videos. Once you’ve created your CD or DVD you may wish to make
copies for other family members or friends. The easiest way to do this is
though the use of a 3rd party software package such as Roxio Creator Plus.

To create a copy using Roxio Creator Plus and one CD/DVD drive. NOTE:
Most 3rd Party software will not allow you to duplicate copy protected
media. This includes some audio CDs and the majority of movies on DVD.

Insert the CD or DVD into the drive.

28. If the AutoPlay feature has been selected then:


29. Close the default audio player that opens.
30. Otherwise, select ‘Take no action’ and click OK to close
the dialog box.
31. Select Creator Home from the Roxio folder in All
Programs.
32. Select Copy from left menu.

Roxio Creator B.16 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.24

Insert the CD or DVD that you wish to copy and click on the
red Disk Copy button.

Roxio Creator B.17 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Figure 2.25

33. When the original has been read the drive will eject the
CD or DVD.
34. Remove the CD or DVD and insert a recordable or
rewritable CD or DVD. Use a CD-R/CD-RW if copying a
CD or a DVD+/-R/RW if copying a DVD.
35. When the copy is complete the drive will eject the CD
or DVD.
36. Remove the CD or DVD and click Make Another or
Done.

Roxio Creator B.18 5/8/2009


Appendix B - Using Roxio Creator 9

Notes

Roxio Creator B.19 5/8/2009