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The Abis protocol is the protocol spoken between the BSC (Base Station Controller) and BTS (Base

Transceiver Station). It is specified in the following GSM standards: 3GPP TS 08.51 : BSC-BTS Interface General Aspects 3GPP TS 08.52 : BSC-BTS Interface principles 3GPP TS 08.54 : BSC-BTS Layer 1: Structure of Physical Circuits 3GPP TS 08.56 : BSC-BTS Layer 2: Specification 3GPP TS 08.58 : BSC-BTS Layer 3: Specification o This contains the specification of the RSL (Radio Signalling Link) on SAPI 0 3GPP TS 21.21 : Network Management procedures and messages on the A-bis interface o This basically describes the OML (Organization and Maintenance Layer) on SAPI 62 3GPP TS 04.08 : Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification o Description of the on-air (BTS-MS) layer 3, as carried in "DATA INDICATION" and other Abis messageS

RSL (Radio Signalling Link)


The RSL contains two types of messages transparent messages (forwarded by BTS without interpretation or changes). T-bit in message discriminator == 1 non-transparent messages (messages sent between BSC and BTS)

furthermore, the messages are grouped into four main groups (see below). All messages are transmitted using LAPD I frames, except for MEASUREMENT RESULT (UI). T-bit in message discriminator == 0

Radio Link Layer Management


All messsages are prefixed by 6-byte header: 1 1 2 2 byte byte byte byte message discriminator message type channel number link identifier

The actual message types are: EST_IND: Link establishment indication (BTS->BSC) EST_REQ: Link establishment request (BSC->BTS) EST_CONF: Link establishment Confirmation (BTS->BSC) REL_IND: Link release indication (BTS->BSC) REL_REQ: Link release request (BSC->BTS) REL_CONF: Link release confirmation (BTS->BSC) DATA_REQ: Transmission of transparent L3 message in acknowledged mode (BSC>BTS)

DATA_IND: Reception of transparent L3 message in acknowledged mode (BTS>BSC) UNIT_DATA_REQ: Transmission of transparent L3 message in unacknowledged mode (BSC->BTS) UNIT_DATA_IND: Reception of transparent L3 message in unacknowledged mode (BTS->BSC) ERROR_IND: Link error indication (BTS->BSC)

Dedicated Channel Management


All messsages are prefixed by 4-byte header: 1 byte message discriminator 1 byte message type 2 byte channel number

The actual message types are: CHAN_ACTIV: Channel activation (BSC->BTS) CHAN_ACTIV_ACK: Channel activation acknowledgement (BTS->BSC) CHAN_ACTIV_NACK: Channel activation not acknowledged (BTS->BSC) MODE_MODIFY: Channel mode modify (BSC->BTS) MODE_MODIFY_ACK: Channel mode modify acknowledgement (BTS->BSC) MODE_MODIFY_NACK: Channel mode modify not acknowledged (BTS->BSC) HANDO_DET: Handover detection (BTS->BSC) ENCR_CMD: Start of Encryption (BSC->BTS) MEAS_RES: Measurement result (BTS->BSC) PREPROC_CONFIGURE: Configure pre-processed measurement report (BSC->BTS) PREPROC_MEAS_RES: Preprocessed measurement report (BTS->BSC) DEACT_SACCH: Deactivate SACCH (BSC->BTS) RF_CHAN_REL: Radio channel release (BSC->BTS) RF_CHAN_REL_ACK: Radio channel release ack (BTS->BSC) MS_POWER_CONTROL: MS power control (BSC->BTS) BS_POWER_CONTROL: Transmission power control (BSC->BTS) CONN_FAIL_IND: Connection failure indication (BTS->BSC) PHYS_CONTEXT_REQ: Physical context request (BSC->BTS) PHYS_CONTEXT_CONF: Physical context confirmation (BTS->BSC) SACCH_INFO_MODIFY: SACCH nformation modify (BSC->BTS) TALKER_DET: Talker detection (BTS->BSC) LISTENER_DET: Listener detection (BTS->BSC) REMOTE_CODEC_CONF: Remote codec configuration (BTS->BSC) RTD_REP: Round Trip Delay Report (BTS->BSC) PRE_HANDO_NOTIF: Pre-handover warning (BSC->BTS) CODEC_MOD_REQ: Multirate codec configuration change request (BSC->BTS) CODEC_MOD_ACK: Multirate codec configuration change acknowledge (BTS->BSC) CODEC_MOD_PERF: Multirate codec change performed (BTS->BSC) TFO_REPORT: TFO Report / AMR (BTS->BSC) TFO_MODIFICATION_REQ: TFO Modification Request (BSC->BTS)

Common Channel Management


All messsages are prefixed by 4-byte header:

1 byte message discriminator 1 byte message type 2 byte channel number

The actual message types are: CHAN_RQS: Channel request by MS (BTS->BSC) PAG_CMD: Paging command (BSC->BTS) DELETE_IND: Delete indication (BTS->BSC) CCCH_LOAD_IND: CCCH load indication (BTS->BSC) BCCH_INFO: Broadcast information modify (BSC->BTS) SMS_BROADCAST_REQ: Short Message Cell Broadcast (BSC->BTS) SMS_BROADCAST_CMD: Short Message Cell Broadcast (BSC->BTS) IMM_ASS_CMD: Immediate Assign command (BSC->BTS) NOTIF_CMD: Notification (BSC->BTS)

TRX Management
All messsages are prefixed by 2-byte header: 1 byte message discriminator 1 byte message type

The actual message types are: RF_RES_IND: Radio resource indication (BTS->BSC) SACCH_FILL: SACCH filling information modify (BSC->BTS) OVERLOAD: Flow control (BTS->BSC) ERROR_REPORT: Error reporting (BTS->BSC)