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Layer 3 Message Analysis

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AMR CS Call Phases


UE

BTS

DRNC

SRNC

CN

1. Cell search, BCCH decoding & RACH access


2. RRC Connection Setup

3. UE <-> CS-CN signalling


4. RAB Set-up 5. UE <-> CS-CN signalling 6. Service Established 7. Branch addition/deletion & active set update 8. Service Released

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RRC Connection Set-up Signalling Flow


UE WBTS RNC

RRC: RRC CONNECTION REQUEST (RACH)


Admission Control NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE ALCAP: ERQ ALCAP: ECF FP Downlink Sync FP Uplink Sync RRC: RRC CONNECTION SETUP (FACH) L1 Sync NBAP: SYNCH INDICATION RRC: CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE (DCH)

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UE<> CS_CN signalling


Location Update Authentication Security Mode Setup Paging Call Setup

MSC / VLR

U E

RNC WBTS
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MGW

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PS Call Phase
UE

BTS

DRNC

SRNC

CN

1. Cell search, BCCH decoding & RACH access 2. RRC Connection Setup 3. GPRS Attach 4. RAB Set-up

5. UE <-> PS-CN signalling (PDP context activation Accept) 6. Radio Bearer Reconfiguration
7. PS Data Session Established 8. State Transitions 9. Branch addition/deletion & active set update 10. PS Data Session Released

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GPRS Attach
UE performs cell search and RRC Connection Establishment in the same way as for an AMR call The UE registers with the PS-CN through the GPRS Attach procedure
UE Node B RNC SGSN

RRC Connection
Initial Direct Transfer: GPRS Attach Request (DCH)

SCCP: Connection Request Initial UE message : GPRS Attach Request SCCP: Connection Confirm

Downlink Direct Transfer: Authentication and Ciphering Request (DCH) Direct Transfer: Authentication and Ciphering Request Uplink Direct Transfer: Authenication and Ciphering Response (DCH) Direct Transfer: Authentication and Ciphering Response Security Mode Command

Security Mode Command (DCH) Secuirty Mode Complete (DCH)

Downlink Direct Transfer: Common ID (DCH)


Uplink Direct Transfer: Identity Response (DCH) Downlink Direct Transfer: Location Attach Accept (DCH) Uplink Direct Transfer: Attach Complete (DCH)

Common ID Direct Transfer: Identity Request Direct Transfer: Identity Response Direct Transfer: Attach Accept Direct Transfer: Attach Complete

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PDP Context

UE

Node B GPRS Attach

RNC

SGSN

Uplink Direct Transfer : Activate PDP context request (DCH) RRC: Radio Bearer Setup Radio Bearer Setup Complete

Direct Transfer : Activate PDP context request RANAP: RAB Assignment Request

RAB Assignment Response Measurement Control

Measurement Control Downlink Direct Transfer : Activate PDP Context Accept (DCH)
Call Established

Direct Transfer: Activate PDP Context Accept

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Radio Bearer Setup/Complete & RAB Assignment Response


Once the RANAP: RAB Assignment Request message has been received from PS CN and RNC has resources to setup the 0/0 kbps RB the RNC sends a RRC: Radio Bearer Setup message to the UE The UE acknowledges the RRC: Radio Bearer Setup message with a RRC: Radio Bearer Setup Complete message Once the radio bearer establishment has been acknowledged, the RNC indicates to the PS core that the RAB has been established using the RANAP: RAB Assignment Response message
UE Node B GPRS Attach Uplink Direct Transfer : Activate PDP context request (DCH) Direct Transfer : Activate PDP context request RANAP: RAB Assignment Request RNC SGSN

RRC: Radio Bearer Setup


Radio Bearer Setup Complete RAB Assignment Response

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Radio Bearer Reconfiguration


UE Node B GPRS Attach Uplink Direct Transfer : Activate PDP context request (DCH) RRC: Radio Bearer Setup Radio Bearer Setup Complete RAB Assignment Response Measurement Control Direct Transfer : Activate PDP context request RANAP: RAB Assignment Request RNC SGSN

Measurement Control
Downlink Direct Transfer : Activate PDP Context Accept (DCH) Call Established Measurement Report : e4a NBAP: Radio Link Reconfigure Prepare Direct Transfer: Activate PDP Context Accept

Admission Control
Radio Link Reconfigure Ready AAL2SIG:ERQ AAL2SIG:ECF

FP: Downlink Sync


FP: Uplink Sync Radio Link Reconfiguration Commit

RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration (DCH)


RRC: Radio Bearer Reconfiguration Complete (DCH) Measurement Control

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HSPA Setup
HSUPA cannot be established without HSDPA, HSDPA UL return channel is HSUPA instead of R99
High level procedure is the same as that for an NRT DCH RNC starts by allocation a 0/0kbps connection Selection between DCH and E-DCH is then completed when RNC receives the uplink or downlink capacity request

UE

Node B RRC Establishment GPRS Attach PDP Context Activation

RNC

SGSN

0/0 kbps DCH allocated

Measurement Report : e4a Uplink capacity request

RNC completes channel type selection procedure

HSUPA connection can be established RRC Idle mode directly from CELL_PCH (Cell Update with reason Uplink Capacity Request)

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Radio Resource Control


TECHCOM Consulting RRC is located at Layer 3 in the control plane of the access stratum (AS). It resides in the UE and the UTRAN at the Node B (UE in idle mode) or SRNC (UE in connected mode). RRC provides signaling transfer services to higher layers through service access points (SAP). Higher layer signaling messages are encapsulated within RRC messages for transmission over the radio interface. NAS higher layer entities using the services of RRC in this way are:

Call Control (CC), which deals with set-up, maintenance and clear-down of circuit switched calls. Session Management (SM), which deals with setup, maintenance and clear-down of pocket-switched sessions. Mobility Management (MM), which deals with all mobility issues involving tracking of UEs as they move from area to area. Related to this is GPRS Mobility Management (GMM) which does the same for packet-mode operation.

Short Message Service (SMS), dealing with SMS message delivery.

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RRC Services
Broadcast services Paging and Notification services Dedicated Control services Encapsulation of NAS signaling (CC, SM, MM, GMM, SMS)

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RRC Function
TECHCOM Consulting Broadcasting Control Information Paging and Notification Establishment, maintenance and release of RRC Connection Control of Transport and Physical Channel resources Mobility functions Cell selection and re-selection in Idle Mode Downlink Outer and Open Loop power control Radio Resource Arbitration between users Radio Resource Management between cells Routing Non-Access Stratum data Control of RLC & MAC Security functions Congestion Control QoS Control Integrity Protection of signaling messages Control of terminal measurement reporting Timing Advance in TDD mode

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RRC States

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RRC Procedure

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RRC Connection Management


TECHCOM Consulting System Information (SI) broadcast RRC connection establishment RRC connection release RRC connection re-establishment Paging and Notification UE capability enquiry Transmission of UE capability information UE dedicated paging Initial direct transfer Uplink direct transfer Downlink direct transfer Security mode control Signaling connection release request Signaling connection release

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Broadcast of System information


TECHCOM Consulting in terms of static and dynamic System Information parameters is organized into System Information Blocks (SIBs). To provide flexibility, information is disseminated amongst a family tree of 16 SIBs, each of which can be further subdivided. A specific SIB contains scheduling information for the main 16 blocks and they in turn contain information about scheduling of related sub-blocks.

SIBs are either segmented or concatenated as required into System Information messages lasting 20 ms (2 radio frames). Padding may be added to fill a message. SI messages are scheduled over a repetition period (SIB_REP). The position of the first message is defined by SIB_POS (0) and the offset between subsequent segments by SIB_OFF (i). The cell system frame number increments from 0 to 4094 in steps of 2 radio frames (20 ms) and is used to define these timings.

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System Information
Within UTRAN system information is broadcasted with the help of the RRC messages System Information, Paging Type I, and System Information Change Indication. Most system information parameters are determined by the RNC. The Node B is informed about the parameters via the NBAP message BCCH Information. Some system parameters can be made available by the Node B, such as interference values, which change fast. Given the system information, the UE is capable to decide, whether or how to access the PLMN via the existing cell. System information is organised in System Information Blocks (SIBs). System information is grouped into SIB 1 to SIB 18. Each SIB is responsible to carry a specific content. For instance, SIB 12 holds measurement control information and parameters. Depending on the UEs RRC state, is reads specific SIBs, and uses the transmitted parameters. There is a huge amount of SIBs, which have to be read by the UE. This requires a lot of battery power. Therefore, a Master Information Block (MIB) was introduced, which gives references and scheduling information about the SIBs. The MIB is transmitted in every 8th radio frame on the P-CCPCH (on position SFN mod 8 = 0, and with a TTI of 20 ms). For most of the SIBs used within the system, the MIB may carry a value tag. The only exceptions are SIB 15.2, SIB 15.3 and SIB 16. If a value tag is unchanged, the corresponding system information has not been modified. Thus, there is no need for the UE to read the SIB. SIB 7 has no value tag. It changes with each occurrence. Scheduling information is used to inform the UE, where and when a specific system information is transmitted.

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System Information
System Information ( )

UTRAN
NBAP: BCCH Information

UE Node B

RNC
TS 25.433: NBAP
8.2.16 System Information Update

MIB value tag M


MIB: Master Information Block SIB: System Information Block SFN: System Frame Number

position on P-CCPCH: SFN mod 8* = 0 TTI: 20 ms value tag M: range 1..8

SB value tag N

SIB 1 value tag 1

SIB 2 value tag 2

SIB 3 value tag 3

SIB 18 value tag 18

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System Information Blocks


For each SIB, following characteristics were specified: Area scope: Where is the value tag valid: within one cell or within a PLMN/ equivalent PLMN? UE RRC state: When the SIB is valid? UE RRC state: When the SIB is read? Scheduling information: At which position is the SIB transmitted and what is its repetition period? Modification of system information: Is it indicated by a value tag, or is it timer based?
The UE receives all SIBs via the BCCH. There is only one exception: SIB 10. If a UE is capable to receive simultaneously on one S-CCPCH and on one DPCH, then it receives SIB 10 on a FACH. Master Information Block (MIB): The MIB informs the UE about the supported PLMN types and the PLMN identity. The UE finds in the MIB also references to up to maxSIB (=32) SIBs, including their scheduling information and type. A MIB is valid in one cell. If a UE changes the cell, is must read the new cells MIB . The MIB is read in the RRC modes/states RRC idle, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA PCH. Its parameter are valid in the same states. A change of the MIB information is indicated by a value tag. In this course documentation, we only describe the System Information Blocks (SIBs), which are used in NSNs RAN, and SIB 4 and SIB16.

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System Information Blocks


System Information Block 1 (SIB 1) This SIB is used to inform the UE about NAS system information. The NAS system information characterises the NAS domains. SIB 1 also delivers UE timers and counters, which have to be used by the UE in the RRC idle and RRC connected mode. For instance, a UE in the RRC connected mode uses the timer T305 for periodic cell and URA updates. SIB 1 is valid in one PLMN. The MIB is read in the RRC modes/states RRC idle, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA PCH. Its parameter are valid in the same states, and the the RRC sub-state CELL_DCH. If the UE selects a new cell, and the SIB 1 value tag has the same number as in the preceding cell, the same content is transmitted in this SIB. There is then no necessity for the UE to read this SIB after cell re-selection. System Information Block 2 (SIB 2) This SIB contains an URA identity list. SIB 2 is read and valid in the RRC sub-state URA_PCH. A change of the SIB 2 information is indicated by a value tag. System Information Block 3 (SIB 3) This SIB contains relevant parameters for cell selection and re-selection. It also holds the cell identity and cell restriction data, such as cell barred IEs. SIB 3 must be read and is valid in the RRC idle mode. It is read and valid in the RRC connected mode substates CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH, if SIB 4 is not broadcasted. A change of the SIB 3 information is indicated by a value tag.

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System Information Blocks


System Information Block 4 (SIB 4) This SIB holds mostly the same data fields as SIB 3*, but it is read and valid only, when the UE is in the RRC connected mode. I.e, this optional SIB is read and valid in the CELL_FACH, CELL_PACH and URA_PCH substate. A change of the SIB 4 information is indicated by a value tag. System Information Block 5 (SIB 5) The parameters for the configuration of physical channels are broadcasted in this SIB. The parameters cover the PICH power offset, the AICH power offset, P-CCPCH, S-CCPCH and PRACH system information lists. SIB 5 must be read and is valid in the RRC idle mode. It is read and valid in the RRC connected mode sub-states CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH, if SIB 6 is not available. A change of the SIB 5 information is indicated by a value tag. System Information Block 7 (SIB 7) This SIB holds fast changing parameters. Therefore no value tag is used for it. The UE has to read its parameters periodically. For that, an expiration timer (Expiration Time Factor) is broadcasted with this message. SIB 7 expires at max(32, 8 * Expiration Time Factor). Expiration Time Factor can have the values 2times, 4 times, 8 times ... 256 times. Its default value is 1. The fast changing parameters transmitted with SIB 7 include the UL interference and dynamic persistence level. It is read and valid in all states except for the CELL_DCH sub-state.

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System Information
SIB MIB broadcasted information PLMN types & identities# SIB Scheduling information SIB references NAS information UE timers & counters
e.g. T305: Periodic Cell/URA Update T301, 302, 304, 307-317

read

valid

scope/ modification

RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH URA_PCH RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, URA_PCH CELL_PCH, URA_PCH URA_PCH URA_PCH

cell/ value tag PLMN/ value tag cell/ value tag cell/ value tag cell/ value tag

SIB 1

SIB 2

URA identity list

SIB 3*

Cell selection RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, and re-selection parameters (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, e.g. CPICH Ec/N0 or CPICH RSCP; Sintrasearch, URA_PCH) URA_PCH) Sintersearch, Ssearch,RAT, Qqualmin, Qrxlevmin,.. Cell selection & reselection parameters for UEs in the connected mode CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH URA_PCH

SIB 4*

SIB 5*

Parameters for common physical channel configuration

RRC idle mode, (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH)

RRC idle mode, (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH)


# GSM-MAP/ANSI41; MCC+MNC;

cell/ value tag

+ Cell Access Restrictions

* Read SIB 3 / 5 in Connected Mode if SIB4 / 6 (Connected Mode) not available

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System Information Blocks


System Information Block 11 (SIB 11) This SIB holds measurement control information. The UE gets here the relevant date for traffic measurement, intra-frequency measurements, etc. SIB 11 must be read and is valid in the RRC idle mode. It is read and valid in the RRC connected mode substates CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH, if SIB 12 is not broadcasted. It is also valid in the RRC sub-state CELL_DCH, as long as the UE did not get a Measurement Control message from UTRAN and SIB 12 is not broadcasted. A change of the SIB 11 information is indicated by a value tag. System Information Block 12 (SIB 12) SIB 12 transmits measurement control information for UEs in the RRC connected mode. If not transmitted, the UEs take the parameters broadcasted with SIB 11. If available, SIB 12 is read and valid in the RRC connected mode sub-states CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH and URA_PCH. It is also valid in the RRC sub-state CELL_DCH, as long as the UE did not get a Measurement Control message from UTRAN. A change of the SIB 12 information is indicated by a value tag. System Information Block 16 (SIB 16) RB, TrCH, and PhyCH parameters are broadcasted, which are stored by the UE both in the RRC idle and RRC connected mode. The parameters are used during a handover to UTRAN. Consequently, these parameters stay valid, when the UE is connected to GSM and GPRS. This SIB is valid in all RRC states, and read in all RRC states except for the CELL_DCH. The UE reads and stores the parameters. A change of the SIB 16 information is indicated by a value tag.

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System Information Blocks


SIB SIB 7 broadcasted information Fast changing parameters: UL interference level Dynamic persistence level Measurement control information* read RRC idle mode, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH valid RRC idle mode, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH
scope/ modification

cell/
max(32, 8 * Expir- ation Time Factor)

SIB 11

RRC idle mode, RRC idle mode, (CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, (CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, URA_PCH) CELL_PCH, URA_PCH)

cell/ value tag

SIB 12

Measurement control information* for UEs in the RRC connected mode RB, TrCH, and PhyCH parameters for a GSM/GPRS-UMTS HO

CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH

CELL_DCH, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH

cell/ value tag

SIB 16

RRC idle mode, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH

RRC idle mode, CELL_FACH, CELL_PCH, URA_PCH)

cell/ value tag

* e.g. FMCx & HOPx par.; Use of HCS; Ec/N0 orRSCP; Intra-, Inter-Frequency, Inter-RAT meas. info; Traffic volume meas. Info (e.g. RLC buffer payload)

Examples of other SIBs: SIB 13: ANSI-41 system information SIB 14: Only for 3.84 Mcps TDD SIB 15: useful for UE-based or UE-assisted positioning methods SIB 17: only for TDD SIB 18: contains PLMN identities of neighbouring cells to be considered in idle mode as well as in connected mode. (adopted from TS 25.331 RRC)

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RRC Connection Control

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Paging & notification

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RRC Direct Transfer

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Security Mode Control

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Radio Bearer Control


TECHCOM Consulting Radio bearer setup Radio bearer re-configuration Radio bearer release Transport channel re-configuration Transport format combination control Physical channel re-configuration DL Outer loop power control UL Physical channel control Physical shared channel allocation (TDD) PUSCH capacity request (TDD)

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Radio Bearers

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RRC Connection Mobility


TECHCOM Consulting Cell update (basic, basic plus RNTI re-allocation, basic plus physical channel re-allocation) URA update (basic, basic plus RNTI re-allocation) Active set update (in soft handover) Hard handover within UTRAN Inter-system handover to/from UTRAN Inter-system cell reselection to/from UTRAN RNTI re-allocation

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Cell update with RNTI Re-allocation

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RRC Mobility and Soft Handover

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Measurement Control Message


TECHCOM Consulting Measurement Command Measurement Type Measurement Identity Number Measurement Objects Measurement Quantity Reporting Quantities Reporting Mode Measurement Reporting Criteria

Measurement Type: Intra frequency Inter frequency Inter system Downlink quality Uplink traffic volume LCS related Internal (UE)

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RRC Measurement Control

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General RRC Procedures


TECHCOM Open -loopConsulting power control Access service class management Access class management Physical channel establishment Radio link failure Integrity protection Out-of-service area detection Connected ----idle mode transitions Selection of initial UE identity Measurement timing

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Thank you

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