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FOX Multiservice Access Platform (R8)

Glossary FOX Multiservice Access Platform FOX / UCST Platform Release R8

Release History:

Release 7B: Release 8B: Release 8C:

February 2007 Dezember 2008 August 2009 Dezember 2009

Copyright and Confidentiality:

All rights of this document remain with ABB Ltd (ABB). This document contains confidential information which is the property of ABB. It must be held in confidence by the recipient and may not be used for any purposes except those specifically authorised by contract or otherwise in writing by ABB. This document may not be copied in whole or in part, or any of its contents disclosed by the recipient to any third party, without the prior written agreement of ABB. Copyright 2009 ABB. All rights reserved.

Disclaimer:

ABB has taken reasonable care in compiling this document, however ABB accepts no liability whatsoever for any error or omission in the information contained herein and gives no other warranty or undertaking as to its accuracy. ABB reserves the right to amend this document at any time without prior notice.

Document number:

1KHW002056

ABB Ltd Power Systems Bruggerstrasse 72 5400 Baden Switzerland ABB Switzerland Ltd, 2009 The right to modifications or deviations due to technical progress is reserved.

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1
Abbreviations AAL Meaning AAL-1 AAL-2 AAL-3/4 AAL-5 ABR ABR

Glossary
Explanations The standards layer that allows multiple applications to have data converted to and from the ATM cell. A protocol used that translates higher layer services into the size and format of an ATM cell. AAL functions in support of constant bit rate, time-dependent traffic such as voice and video. This AAL is still undefined by the International Standards bodies. It is a placeholder for variable bit rate video transmission. AAL functions in support of variable bit rate, delay-tolerant data traffic requiring some sequencing and/or error detection support. Originally two AAL types, i.e. connection-oriented and connectionless, which have been combined. AAL functions in support of variable bit rate, delay-tolerant connection-oriented data traffic requiring minimal sequencing or error detection support. Router that connects the backbone network with another area. They maintain routing tables of both areas. ABR is an ATM layer service category for which the limiting ATM layer transfer characteristics provided by the network may change subsequent to connection establishment. A flow control mechanism is specified which supports several types of feedback to control the source rate in response to changing ATM layer transfer characteristics. It is expected that an end-system that adapts its traffic in accordance with the feedback will experience a low cell loss ratio and obtain a fair share of the available bandwidth according to a network specific allocation policy. Cell delay variation is not controlled in this service, although admitted cells are not delayed unnecessarily. FOX internal bus for the cross connection of ATM traffic (VCC, VPC). The ABUS is physically identical with the SBUS. The first unit configured (ABUS, SBUS unit) defines the signal structure of the bus. Alternate Current Active Closed State of the working contact if the relay is actively driven. ABUS unit for the FOX with access to the ABUS and PBUS (totally up to 16 2 Mbit/s). The ACONV provides services as follows: - CES 2 Mbit/s (up to 16 CES 2 Mbit/s for unstructured traffic signals). The P12 interface (PBUS) provides the same features as the P12 of the LOMIF. - IMA (up to 14 IMA UNIs). IMA-1 is a high capacity network IMA, IMA-2 14 are IMA interfaces with reduced performance. Allowed Cell Rate An ABR service parameter, ACR is the current rate in cells/sec at which a source is allowed to send. The ADACA is an ABUS unit for the FOX with 16 ADSL line interfaces and access to the ABUS for ATM traffic. The ADAC transports bi-directional ATM traffic (32 8064 kbit/s upstream and 32 1024 kbit/s downstream) via its 2wire ADSL interfaces. The ADACA operates with ADSL ATM modems at the remote side and is optimised for the interoperation with POTS splitters. The ADACB provides the same basic features as the ADACA but is optimised for the interoperation with ISDN-BA splitters at the remote side. Add-Drop-Multiplexer Multiplexer which adds and drops traffic signals for local use to and from the aggregate signal. ATM Adaptation Layer

ATM Adaptation Layer Type 1 ATM Adaptation Layer Type 2 ATM Adaptation Layer Type 3/4

ATM Adaptation Layer Type 5 Area Border Router Available Bit Rate

ABUS

AC AC ACONV

ACR ADACA

ADACB ADM

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Glossary

Abbreviations ADPCM

Meaning Adaptive Differential Pulse Code Modulation

Explanations A reduced bit rate variant of PCM audio encoding (see also PCM). This algorithm encodes the difference between an actual audio sample amplitude and a predicted amplitude and adapts the resolution based on recent differential values. The speed of the up- and down-stream transmission can be different. The first part of the IDP of an OSI (NSAP) address that specifies the type (and the responsible authority) of the address (second part: IDI). The AG is a Media Gateway type. The AG supports line side interfaces, e.g. for analogue or ISDN phones. Signal level is automatically adapted to compensate attenuation of the line length or conditions. An all ones signal sent down or up stream by a device when it detects an error condition or receives an error condition or receives an error notification from another unit in the transmission path. The ITU standard for analogue to digital audio data conversion using PCM coding and companding. The A-Law technique is used throughout Europe and has a more constant signal-to-quantizing noise ratio than its North American counterpart, u-Law. Alarm unit with 24 binary inputs, 4 command outputs and 4 ports for serial communication.

ADSL AFI AG AGC AIS

Asymmetrical bit-rate DSL Authority and Format Identifier Access Gateway Automatic Gain Control Alarm Indication Signal

A-law

ALCAR ALS AN ANSI AO APDSW Apdsw API APS ARD ARP Automatic Laser Shutdown Access Network American National Standards Institute Active Open Application Download SoftWare Application Program Interface Automatic Protection Switching Automatic Ring Down Address Resolution Protocol

Mechanism to switch of the Laser in TX direction for security reason. Any system (distributed or monolithic) between the LE and the user A U.S. standards body. State of the working relay contact if the relay is actively driven. FOX software which loads the ESW from the MIB of the NE to the units. API is a programmatic interface used for interprogram communications or for interfacing between protocol layers. Protects section or trails/paths in the network by switching traffic to a protecting section / trail in case of failure of the active section/trail. Mode of the SUBLA. The SUBLA in the ARD mode provides a locally timed sequence of ringing signals. The procedures and messages in a communications protocol which determines which physical network address (MAC) corresponds to the IP address in the packet. OSPF expression: Entity of systems that use a common routing strategy and are managed by a common administration. ABR located between an OSPF AS and a non-OSPF network. They must run both routing protocols.

AS ASBR ASD ASP

Autonomous System Autonomous System Boundary Router Acceleration Spectral Density Abstract Service Primitive

An implementation-independent description of an interaction between a service-user and a service-provider at a particular service boundary, as defined by Open Systems Interconnection (OSI). An application server is a logical entity serving a specific application instance for e.g. handling the Q.931 messages and call processing for D-channels. The ASP is part of the softswitch. A multiplexing technique in which a transmission capability is organized in a priori unassigned time slots. The time slots are assigned to cells upon request of each application's instantaneous real need. Starts with 10 consecutive ESs (included in AT) and ends with 10 consecutive SESs (not included in AT) ABUS unit for the FOX with an optical STM-1 interface. The ATIOP provides a UNI for the transmission of ATM cells via an optical STM-1 signal.

ASP

Application Server Process

Asynchronous Time Asynchronous Time Division Multiplexing Division Multiplexing AT ATIOP Available Time

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Abbreviations ATM

Meaning Asynchronous Transfer Mode

Explanations A transfer mode in which the information is organized into cells. It is asynchronous in the sense that the recurrence of cells containing information from an individual user is not necessarily periodic. ATM allows the transmission of virtually any traffic data (and speed) by means of standardised data packets via the network. Example of an ATM product: FOX with the UCST & FOXMAN-UN R6. A generic list of traffic parameters that can be used to capture the intrinsic traffic characteristics of a requested ATM connection. An association established by the ATM Layer to support communication between two or more ATM service users (i.e., between two or more next higher entities or between two or more ATM-entities). The communications over an ATM Layer connection may be either bidirectional or unidirectional. The same Virtual Channel Identifier (VCI) issued for both directions of a connection at an interface. ATU is a third party product used for the concentration of management access. Level of the SDH multiplexing structure. Level of the SDH multiplexing structure. Bit pattern 1010 used for the signalling of particular PRA conditions. Wire diameter unit used in USA 2B + D ISDN channel (2 x 64kbit/s + 16 kbit/s). Same meaning as ISDN-BRA. Installation set to implement an external battery pack for power backup with the POSUA unit (FOX 512). The BATMO does not include the batteries.

ATM Traffic Descriptor ATM User-User Connection

ATM Traffic Descriptor ATM User-User Connection

ATU AUG-n AU-n AUXP AWG BA BATMO BBE BBER B-channel BDR BECN

Asynchronous Transfer Unit Administrative Unit Group, level n Administrative Unit, level n AUXiliary Pattern American Wire Gauge Basic-Rate Access BATtery MOdule Background Block Error Background Block Error Ratio Bearer channel Backup Designated Router Backward Explicit Congestion Notification Bit Error Rate

64 kbit/s channel for voice or data See DR. A Resource Management (RM) cell type generated by the network or the destination, indicating congestion or approaching congestion for traffic flowing in the direction opposite that of the BECN cell. A measure of transmission quality. It is generally shown as a negative exponent, (e.g., 10-7 which means 1 out of 1E+7 bits are in error or 1 out of 10,000,000 bits are in error). Conventionally, the capacity of a telephone switching system is measured by the maximum number of call attempts per hour (during busy hour of the day) that can be handled by the system. This measure is referred to as BHCA. BICC is an adaptation of the narrow-band ISUP protocol for use in a bearer and message transport independent environment. In NGN, BICC is used as the signalling protocol between softswitches. Measurement method for detecting errors occurring in a digital signal A method used at the PHY layer to monitor the error performance of the link. A check bit or word is sent in the link overhead covering the previous block or frame. Bit errors in the payload will be detected and may be reported as maintenance information.

BER

BHCA

Busy Hour Call Attempts

BICC

Bearer Independent Call Control

BIP BIP

Bit Interleaved Parity Bit Interleaved Parity

BIS B-ISDN

Border Intermediate System. Broadband ISDN A high-speed network standard (above 1.544 Mbps) that evolved Narrowband ISDN with existing and new services with voice, data and video in the same network. A locally administered bridge ID used in Source Route Bridging to uniquely identify a route between two LANs. An indicator contained in the first cell of an ATM segmented packet. A logical node that is in a specified peer group, and has at least one link that crosses the peer group boundary.

BN BOM

Bridge Number Beginning of Message

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Glossary

Abbreviations BORSCHT

Meaning Battery feed, Over-voltage protection, Ringing injection, Supervision, Codec, Hybrid, and Testing Basic Package Bridge Protocol Data Unit Border Router Broadband Remote Access Server Basic Rate Interface Broadband Broadband Access Broadcast Burst Tolerance Broadband Terminal Equipment Bandwidth Carrier Adapter Connection Admission Control:

Explanations Common explanation of PSTN functions.

BP BPDU BR B-RAS BRI Broadband Broadband Access Broadcast BT B-TE BW CA CAC

Basic feature package of the FOX Network Element Manager A message type used by bridges to exchange management and control information. OSPF expression: Router that connects an OSPF area to the backbone (area). Common Internet access point for many clients for various services. The BRAS is located between the Internet and a regional access network. ISDN interface A service or system requiring transmission channels capable of supporting rates greater than the Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) primary rate. An ISDN access capable of supporting one or more broadband services. Data transmission to all addresses or functions. BT applies to ATM connections supporting VBR services and is the limit parameter of the GCRA. An equipment category for B-ISDN which includes terminal adapters and terminals. A numerical measurement of throughput of a system or network. PSTN Signalling mode for interworking between the Access Network and exchange. Connection Admission Control is defined as the set of actions taken by the network during the call set- up phase (or during call re-negotiation phase) in order to determine whether a connection request can be accepted or should be rejected (or whether a request for re-allocation can be accommodated). A call is an association between two or more users or between a user and a network entity that is established by the use of network capabilities. This association may have zero or more connections. Modulation method specially adapted for the data transmission via copper pairs in PSTN networks. CAP allows e.g. the transmission of 1168 kbit/s within a bandwidth of 278 kHz. The signalling information for each TS in the frame is transmitted in a dedicated TS and is synchronised to the frame. An ATM service category which supports a constant or guaranteed rate to transport services such as video or voice as well as circuit emulation which requires rigorous timing control and performance parameters. 64 kbit/s channel for data transmission. No encoding. Database with data on equipment and customer configuration allows you to identification and trace materials Registration of data for the CCM database The Current Cell Rate is an RM-cell field set by the source to its current ACR when it generates a forward RM-cell. This field may be used to facilitate the calculation of ER, and may not be changed by network elements. CCR is formatted as a rate. A form signalling in which a group of circuits share a signalling channel. Refer to SS7. CDF controls the decrease in ACR (Allowed Cell Rate) associated with CRM. Used by a computer to store large amounts of data. Commonly used for interactive video games.

Call

Call

CAP

Carrier-less Amplitude Phase (Modulation) Channel Associated Signalling Constant Bit Rate

CAS CBR

CCD CCM CCR CCR

Clear Channel Data Customer Configuration Management Customer Configuration Registration Current Cell Rate

CCS CDF CD-ROM

Common Channel Signalling Cutoff Decrease Factor Compact Disk-Read Only Memory

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Abbreviations CDV

Meaning Cell Delay Variation

Explanations CDV is a component of cell transfer delay, induced by buffering and cell scheduling. Peak-to-peak CDV is a QoS delay parameter associated with CBR and VBR services. The peak-to- peak CDV is the ((1-a) quantile of the CTD) minus the fixed CTD that could be experienced by any delivered cell on a connection during the entire connection holding time. The parameter "a" is the probability of a cell arriving late. See CDVT. ATM layer functions may alter the traffic characteristics of ATM connections by introducing Cell Delay Variation. When cells from two or more ATM connections are multiplexed, cells of a given ATM connection may be delayed while cells of another ATM connection are being inserted at the output of the multiplexer. Similarly, some cells may be delayed while physical layer overhead or OAM cells are inserted. Consequently, some randomness may affect the inter-arrival time between consecutive cells of a connection as monitored at the UNI. The upper bound on the "clumping" measure is the CDVT. A terminator at one end of a layer connection within a SAP. Identifier of a CE that can be used to identify the connection at a SAP. A unit of transmission in ATM. A fixed-size frame consisting of a 5-octet header and a 48-octet payload. ATM Layer protocol control information. Control unit for the legacy FOX -U/M/-U, containing the cross connect matrix and control and monitor functionality for all the other UBUS Units.

CDVT

Cell Delay Variation Tolerance

CE CEI Cell Cell Header CENCA CER

Connection Endpoint Connection Endpoint Identifier Cell Cell Header

Cell Error Ratio

The ratio of errored cells in a transmission in relation to the total cells sent in a transmission. The measurement is taken over a time interval and is desirable to be measured on an in-service circuit. The ATM Forum circuit emulation service interoperability specification specifies interoperability agreements for supporting Constant Bit Rate (CBR) traffic over ATM networks that comply with the other ATM Forum interoperability agreements. Specifically, this specification supports emulation of existing TDM circuits over ATM networks. Extension used for configuration data files (filename.cfg) created with the UCST. Cells In Frames is a protocol established by the CIF Alliance which specifies how to transport ATM protocol over Ethernet, Token Ring and other frame protocols. CIF uses software at the workstation instead of a new hardware Network Interface Card to do QOS scheduling and ABR flow control. A service which allows the transfer of information among service subscribers without the need for end-to- end establishment procedures. Used in PSTN application to show the calling number in the display of the called telephone set. Is an inband transmission using DTMF or FSK. Transmission takes place in the ringing pause. Used in PSTN application to show the calling number in the display of the called telephone set. Is an inband transmission using DTMF or FSK. Transmission takes place in the ringing pause. (Internal) Timing signal. Protocol for the data transfer in the OSI world (equivalent to TCP/IP in the IP world). This bit in the ATM cell header indicates two levels of priority for ATM cells. CLP=0 cells are higher priority than CLP=1 cells. CLP=1 cells may be discarded during periods of congestion to preserve the CLR of CLP=0 cells. CLR is a negotiated QoS parameter and acceptable values are network specific. The objective is to minimize CLR provided the end-system adapts the traffic to the changing ATM layer transfer characteristics. The Cell Loss Ratio is defined for a connection as: Lost Cells/Total Transmitted Cells. The CLR parameter is the value of CLR that the network agrees to offer as an objective over the lifetime of the connection. It is expressed as an order of magnitude, having a range of 10-1 to 10-15 and unspecified.

CES

Circuit Emulation Service

cfg CIF

configuration Cells in Frames

CL CLI

Connectionless Service Calling Line Identification

CLIP

Calling Line Identification Protocol CLocK ConnectionLess Network Protocol Cell Loss Priority

CLK CLNP CLP

CLR

Cell Loss Ratio

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Glossary

Abbreviations CMR C-n CNG

Meaning Cell Misinsertion Rate Container, level n Comfort Noise Generation

Explanations The ratio of cells received at an endpoint that were not originally transmitted by the source end in relation to the total number of cells properly transmitted. Level of the SDH multiplexing structure. Often the hierarchy type (European =2, American =1) is amended to n. Complementary to the transmit-side VAD, a comfort noise generator (CNG) is a receive-side device. A CNG generates a local noise signal that it presents to the listener during silent periods. Generic term for the COBUX and COBUV control units of the FOX. The units provide central system control, synchronisation and feature the MIB for the NE, including the ESW for units with SWDL. The control units fit slots 11 and 12 (redundant unit only). Control unit for the FOX 512/515. The COBUL provides access to 4 x 2 Mbit/s for the UBUS and 128 x 2 Mbit/s for the PBUS) but provides no SDH, no voice, no ECC, no conference or diagnostic functions. Control unit for the FOX 515 providing reduced functionality compared to COBU<X> (no ECC, no conference or diagnostic functions, access capacity limited to 4 x 2 Mbit/s for the UBUS and 32 x 2 Mbit/s for the PBUS). With the former UCST 3.3a/1: Control unit for the FOX 512/515. The same features as the COBUX but with additional conference functions for 64 kbit/s traffic data. Control unit for the FOX 512/515. The unit features serial, Ethernet and PDH/SDH ECC access for management communication and Diagnostic functions for traffic data channels. The COBUX provides capacity for 2 times 4 x 2 Mbit/s UBUS and 128 x 2 Mbit/s PBUS accesses.

COBU<X>

COBUL

COBUQ

COBUV COBUX

COD COLT

Connection Oriented Data Legacy name of the xDSL line terminal equipment (COpper Line Terminal)

Data requiring sequential delivery of its component PDUs to assure correct functioning of its supported application, (e.g., voice or video). xDSL line terminal equipment provides data transmission via copper pairs and optical fibres. xDSL equipment is available as units for subrack operation or as desktop units (e.g. MUSIC 100). The functions and units are available for the FOX multiservice access system.

COLT soho

Legacy name of the MUSIC 100. The MUSIC 100 is a desktop unit with Ethernet interfaces and bridge/router functionality. MUSIC 100 uses xDSL transmission via copper pairs at the aggregate side. COMmon Connection Connection Connectionless Class of Service Common Part Convergence Sublayer Common Part Convergence Sublayer-Service Data Unit Customers Premises Equipment Customer Parameter Set Customer Parameter Set Central Processing Unit Common contact for the working relay contacts (AO, AC). An ATM connection consists of concatenation of ATM Layer links in order to provide an end-to-end information transfer capability to access points. In switched virtual connection (SVC) environments the LAN Emulation Management entities set up connections between each other using UNI signalling. Refers to ability of existing LANs to send data without previously establishing connections. Tagging system on Ethernet frames which allows to differentiate class of services. IEEE 802.1p The portion of the convergence sublayer of an AAL that remains the same regardless of the traffic type. Protocol data unit to be delivered to the receiving AAL layer by the destination CP convergence sublayer. End user equipment that resides on the customer's premise which may not be owned by the local exchange carrier. Used in V5 applications to define the custom specific parameters of the V5 interface. CPS allows defining custom specific functions and parameters for V5, NGN and ATM-IAD (LES) applications.

COM Connection Connection Connectionless CoS CPCS CPCS-SDU CPE CPS CPS CPU

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Abbreviations CRC

Meaning Cyclic Redundancy Check

Explanations A mathematical algorithm that computes a numerical value based on the bits in a block of data. This number is transmitted with the data and the receiver uses this information and the same algorithm to insure the accurate delivery of data by comparing the results of algorithm and the number received. If a mismatch occurs, an error in transmission is presumed. The cyclic redundancy check uses a 4 order polynomial. This is the basic function that an ATM network performs in order to provide a cell relay service to ATM end-stations. A term used by Traffic Management to reference a point in a network or a network element where per connection functions are occurring. This is the point where policing at the VCC or VPC level may occur. This is a measure of the difference between the effective bandwidth allocation and the allocation for sustainable rate in cells per second. A carrier service which supports the receipt and transmission of ATM cells between end users in compliance with ATM standards and implementation specifications. The general procedures and functions that convert between ATM and nonATM formats. This describes the functions of the upper half of the AAL layer. This is also used to describe the conversion functions between non-ATM protocols such as frame relay or SMDS and ATM protocols above the AAL layer. ABB Media Gateway Controller Protocol used in IEEE 802.3 LANs. Ethernet path interface (traffic layer) on the unit level which is used (FOXMANUN NP) for the LAN-side of Ethernet ports (NEBRO, LAWA4, SYN4E etc.).
th

CRC4 CRF CRF

Cyclic Redundancy Check Cell Relay Function Connection Related Function

CRM CRS

Cell Rate Margin Cell Relay Service

CS

Convergence Sublayer

CS2000 CSMA/CD CSMACD Eth CSU csv CTC CTD

Communication Server 2000 Carrier Sense Multiple Access with Collision Detection

Channel Service Unit Comma Separated Variables Common Transmit Clock Cell Transfer Delay

An interface for digital leased lines which performs loopback testing and line conditioning. Extension used for files (filename.csv) containing data suitable for processing in tables (e.g. table calculation systems, formatting for printing etc.). Synchronisation mode used with IMA for NEs with IMA interfaces. See also ITC. This is defined as the elapsed time between a cell exit event at the measurement point 1 (e.g., at the source UNI) and the corresponding cell entry event at measurement point 2 (e.g., the destination UNI) for a particular connection. The cell transfer delay between two measurement points is the sum of the total inter-ATM node transmission delay and the total ATM node processing delay. The Adaptation based on G.805

CTP CU CWDM

Connection Termination Point Control Unit Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing Destination Address Destination MAC Address D-channel Data Connections

Coarse Wave Division Multiplexing combines up to 16 wavelengths onto a single fibre. CWDM technology uses an ITU standard 20nm spacing between the wavelengths, from 1310nm to 1610nm. Information sent in the forward direction indicating the address of the called station or customer. A six octet value uniquely identifying an endpoint and which is sent in IEEE LAN frame headers to indicate frame destination. ISDN: 64 kbit/s channel carrying the D-channel, the Alarm-bit and the Service bits. Data VCCs connect the LECs to each other and to the Broadcast and Unknown Server. These carry Ethernet/IEEE 802.3 or IEEE 802.5 data frames as well as flush messages. DATAS supports all interfaces (multiprotocol) and all network functions. DATA5 unit supports all interfaces (multiprotocol) but no network functions. Single protocol unit versions are available which support only one interface type of the DATAS and DATA5 basic functionality

DA DA DAS Data Connections

DATA<X>

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Glossary

Abbreviations DATAS

Meaning

Explanations Versatile data unit with 4 high and low speed serial data interfaces and a 10BASE-T/100 Base-TX Ethernet LAN interface. The DATAS supports the serial interfaces V.35, X.24/V.11, V.24/V.28, RS-485 with PM and subrate multiplexing for rates < 64 kbit/s. The V.35 and X.24/V.11 interfaces support the P12 modes terminated, transparent and clock master.

DB DC DCC DCC

DataBase Direct Current Data Communication Network Data Country Code This specifies the country in which an address is registered. The codes are given in ISO 3166. The length of this field is two octets. The digits of the data country code are encoded in Binary Coded Decimal (BCD) syntax. The codes will be left justified and padded on the right with the hexadecimal value "F" to fill the two octets. A generic definition of computing equipment that attaches to a network via a DTE. 16 kbit/s channel for signalling or data General term for communication networks. Often used in the meaning of MCN. Threshold [bad sec] for errors with "bursty" error distribution. Threshold [bad blocks] for errors with "bursty" error distribution. A function performed by a layer entity that identifies and separates SDUs from a single connection to more than one connection. An ATM termination point which is the destination for ATM messages of a connection and is used as a reference point for ABR services. See SES. The DHCP allows the following process: The host looks for a DHCP server and gets a temporary IP address from the server if WINS is enabled. FOXMAN-UN: State of a FOX if the FOXMAN-UN database and the NE have different configurations. FOXMAN-UN R5C updates its database automatically. Command of OSI user network UNIX International, Data Link Provider Interface (DLPI) Specification: Revision 2.0.0, OSI Work Group, August 1991. Discrete Multitone Discrete multitone is a method of separating a Digital Subscriber Line signal so that the usable frequency range is separated into 256 frequency bands (or channels) of 4.3125 kHz each. Within each channel, modulation uses quadratude amplitude modulation. By varying the number of bits per symbol within a channel, the modem can be rate-adaptive. Both G.DMT and G.lite use DMT.

DCE D-channel DCN DEGM DEGTHR Demultiplexing DES DHCP

Data Communication Equipment Data channel Data Communication Network DEGraded Monitoring period DEGraded THReshold Demultiplexing Destination End Station Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

Different Configura- Different Configuration tion DISC DLPI DMT DISConnect

DNU Domain DR DS DSCP

Do Not Use Refer to Administrative Domain. Designated Router Digital Section (Access Digital Section) Differentiated Service Code Point Digital Subscriber Loop In DiffServ (IP), traffic is divided into a small number of forwarding classes, and resources are allocated on a per-class basis. The traffic is classified with a DSCP. In each node, there are different queues for each forwarding class. Describes the digital transmission via the (analogue telephone) subscriber loop. DSL is used in countless variations such as: - ADSL Asymmetrical bit-rate DSL - HDSL High bit rate DSL - SDSL Symmetrical DSL - MSDSL Multi-rate Symmetrical DSL - LMSDSL Low speed Multi-rate SDSL - etc. to closer indicate the particularity of the DSL transmission. OSPF router that generates LSAs for a multicast network and has other special functions in running OSPF

DSL

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Abbreviations DSLAM DSP DSP DSS1 DSS2 DSU DTE DTM DTMF DU DUN DUPI4

Meaning Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer Domain Specific Part Digital Signal Processor Digital Subscriber Signalling System #1 DSS2 Digital Subscriber Signalling System #2 Data Service Unit Data Terminal Equipment DeskTop Modular Dual Tone Multi Frequency Dial-Up Dial-Up Networking package Dual Power Interface 4

Explanations

The second (of two) basic parts of an OSI (NSAP) address (first part: IDP). The DSP consists of the High Order DSP, the SID and the SEL. Digital component especially suitable for processing of traffic signals in the digital domain. N-ISDN UNI Signalling B-ISDN UNI Signalling Equipment used to attach users' computing equipment to a public network. A generic definition of external networking interface equipment such as a modem. Refer to LR DTM.

Windows software for serial the implementation of communication networks. The DUPI4 allows dual power supply of the FOX 515 subrack. The DUPI4 is mechanically and electrically integrated with the FOX 515 subrack (DUPI4 is for use with the FOX 515 subrack R2 only). Switch fabric for the cross connection of signals, here 2 Mbit/s and n x 64 kbit/s signals A measurement of occupancy ([E], but actually without unit). International unit of average traffic on a facility during a period of time (usually a busy hour) Electrical interface signal 64 kbit/s Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN E0 n times concatenated Also known as CEPT1, the 2.048 Mbit/s rate used by European CEPT carrier to transmit 30 64 kbit/s digital channels for voice or data calls, plus a 64 kbit/s signalling channel and a 64 kbit/s channel for framing and maintenance. Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN Short form for the first level of the European PDH hierarchy (= 2 Mbit/s). Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN Also known as CEPT3, the 34.368 Mbit/s rate used by European CEPT carrier to transmit 16 CEPT1s plus overhead. Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN

DXC E E0 E0 E0-nc E1

Digital Cross Connect Erlang

E12 E-12 E22 E3 E31 E32 EA EA EB EBR ECC EDC Element Agent Element Agent Errored Block Errored Block Ratio Embedded Communication Channel Error Detection Code

FOXMAN-UN functional block that serves a set of NEs. The element agents of the UCST are sets of parameters which define the UCST access to a set of NEs. A block of data with one or more bit errors.

System integrated data channel for the management communication of the FOX. Bit errors in a signal are detectable by checking the signal's associated Error Detection Code (EDC). An example of the EDC is the SDH BIP-N (Bit Interleaved Parity) and P12 CRC-4.

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Glossary

Abbreviations Edge Device

Meaning Edge Device

Explanations A physical device which is capable of forwarding packets between legacy interworking interfaces (e.g., Ethernet, Token Ring, etc.) and ATM interfaces based on data-link and network layer information but which does not participate in the running of any network layer routing protocol. An Edge Device obtains forwarding descriptions using the route distribution protocol. Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN xDSL section interface

E-DSL EF EF Addr EFCI Envelope Function Envelope Function Address Explicit Forward Congestion Indication

13 bit number (for ISDN) which uniquely references a user port within a V5 interface EFCI is an indication in the ATM cell header. A network element in an impending-congested state or a congested state may set EFCI so that this indication may be examined by the destination end-system. For example, the end- system may use this indication to implement a protocol that adaptively lowers the cell rate of the connection during congestion or impending congestion. A network element that is not in a congestion state or an impending congestion state will not modify the value of this indication. Impending congestion is the state when a network equipment is operating around its engineered capacity level. A unit used to specify the error performance of T carrier systems, usually expressed as EFS per hour, day, or week. This method gives a better indication of the distribution of bit errors than a simple bit error rate (BER). Also refer to SES. A logical network initiated by using the mechanisms defined by LAN Emulation. This could include ATM and legacy attached end stations. Managing tool for NEs: UCST and the EM part of FOXMAN-UN

EFS

Error Free Seconds

ELAN EM EMC EMI

Emulated Local Area Network Element Manager ElectroMagnetic Compatibility Electromagnetic Interference

Equipment used in high speed data systems, including ATM, that generate and transmit many signals in the radio frequency portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Interference to other equipment or radio services may result if sufficient power from these signals escape the equipment enclosures or transmission media. National and international regulatory agencies (FCC, CISPR, etc.) set limits for these emissions. Class A is for industrial use and Class B is for residential use. An abstraction of the functions provided by systems that manage each network element on an individual basis. High performance managing tool for the management of NEs and networks of NEs: FOXMAN-UN, featuring networking functions and a graphical network overview.

EML EMS

Element Management Layer Element Manager System

EN End Station EOC EOM EoS EOW EPROM ER

European Norm End Station Embedded Operation Channel End of Message Ethernet over SDH Engineering Order Wire Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory End Router OSPF expression: Router that terminates a virtual link in the remote area. These devices (e.g., hosts or PCs) enable the communication between ATM end stations and end stations on "legacy" LAN or among ATM end stations. Independent data channel based on SIFOX and F-interfaces for management communication of legacy FOX. An indicator used in the AAL that identifies the last ATM cell containing information from a data packet that has been segmented. Set of protocols allowing to transport Ethernet frames over SDH networks. Voice channel using overhead bits in a transmission system. Commonly used for service communication between different stations.

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Abbreviations ER

Meaning Explicit Rate

Explanations The Explicit Rate is an RM-cell field used to limit the source ACR to a specific value. It is initially set by the source to a requested rate (such as PCR). It may be subsequently reduced by any network element in the path to a value that the element can sustain. ER is formatted as a rate. Second with one or more EBs The section between two electrical STM-1 interfaces. System that terminates the OSI protocol. A system where an ATM connection is terminated or initiated. An originating end system initiates the ATM connection, and terminating end system terminates the ATM connection. OAM cells may be generated and received.

ES ES ES ES

Errored Second Electrical Section End System End System

ESD ESI ES-IS ESM ESO ESR ESW ET ET ETHUB ETS ETSI EXBAT EXLA<X> EXLIC F F15 Fairness

Electrostatic Discharge Equipment Synchronisation Input Inputs on the COBU<X> for 2 MHz timing signals. End System-Intermediate System OSI routing protocol running between L1 and L2. PSTN Signalling mode for interworking between AN and Ericsson exchange. Equipment Synchronisation Output Errored Seconds Ratio Embedded SoftWare Elapsed Time Exchange Terminal Ethernet HUB European Telecommunication Standard European Telecommunication Standards Institute The primary telecommunications standards organization. UBUS unit with 8 U-interfaces (4B3T coding) to the ISDN exchange. Exchange Line Analogue UBUS unit with 12 POTS interfaces to the PSTN interface of the exchange. UBUS unit with 8 U-interfaces (2B1Q coding) to ISDN exchange. Local Management Interface for FOX NEs F-interface of the FOX 512/515. Fairness As related to Generic Flow Control (GFC), fairness is defined as meeting all the agreed quality of service (QOS) requirements, by controlling the order of service for all active connections. Integrated fan unit for the FOX 512 subrack. The FANU2 is mandatory for horizontal operation of the FOX 512. The FANU5 is a 19-inch fan unit for the FOX 515 which allows for up to 512 Watt of heat dissipation in the FOX 515 subrack (This power capacity is available with the FOX 515 subrack R2) 19-inch fan unit with 3 fans for rack installation. The FANUV is used with the FOX 515 in conjunction with heat deflection shields. Ethernet switch with 5 10BaseT / 100BaseTX Ethernet interfaces. Fits to the FOX subracks but has no bus access. The ESW is the downloadable software for the FOX units with software download. Sometimes the ESW is called the unit SW. Duration of measurement interval. Outputs on COBU<X> for 2 MHz timing signals.

FANU2 FANU5

FAN Unit 2 Fan Unit 5

FANUV FAS FC

FAN Unit Frame Alignment Signal Feedback Control

Feedback controls are defined as the set of actions taken by the network and by the end-systems to regulate the traffic submitted on ATM connections according to the state of network elements. A 100 Mbps Local Area Network standard that was developed by ANSI that is designed to work on fiber-optic cables, using techniques similar to token-ring. Used to locate loops, performance evaluation etc. of traffic signals.

FDDI FE

Fiber Distributed Data Interface Front End

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Glossary

Abbreviations FEBE FEBE

Meaning Far End Block Error Far End Block Error

Explanations

A maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead that a bit error(s) has been detected at the PHY layer at the far end of the link. This is used to monitor bit error performance of the link. A technique for detection and correction of errors in a digital data stream. List of link states after applying SPF algorithm in OSI routing elements. The flush protocol is provided to ensure the correct order of delivery of unicast data frames.

FEC FIB Flush Protocol FM MOA FO FOP Foreign Address Forwarding Description FR FRAD FRS FRTT FSK

Forward Error Correction Forwarding Information Base Flush Protocol

Fault Manager - Managed Object The FOXMAN-UN software component representing the northbound interface Agent to ABB Preside for fault management Foreign Object Failure Of Protocol Foreign Address Forwarding Description Frame Relay FRame Assembler Disassembler Frame-Relay Service Fixed Round-Trip Time Frequency Shift Keying A connection oriented service that is capable of carrying up to 4096 bytes per frame. This is the sum of the fixed and propagation delays from the source to the furthest destination and back. FSK is a modulation technique used by modems in which two different frequencies in the carrier signal are used to represent the binary states of 0 and 1. Timing signal of the PBUS that indicates the start of a frame Foreign Object is the representation in the FOXMAN-UN database of an external equipment that FOXMAN-UN supports only for fault management. Failure of the protocol in the protecting channel which controls the MSP (SYNIO). An address that does not match any of a given node's summary addresses. The resolved mapping of an MPOA Target to a set of parameters used to set up an ATM connection on which to forward packets.

FSP FTP FW GARP

Frame Synchronisation Pulse File Transfer Protocol Firmware General Attribute Registration Protocol Gigabit Ethernet Generic Connection Admission Control Generic Cell Rate Algorithm

Used by switches and end stations in a bridged LAN to register and de-register attribute values, such as VLAN Identifiers, with each other, in order to form a reachability tree that is a subset of an active topology. Version of Ethernet, which supports data transfer rates of 1 Gigabit per second. IEEE 802.3z This is a process to determine if a link has potentially enough resources to support a connection. The GCRA is used to define conformance with respect to the traffic contract of the connection. For each cell arrival the GCRA determines whether the cell conforms to the traffic contract. The UPC function may implement the GCRA, or one or more equivalent algorithms to enforce conformance. The GCRA is defined with two parameters: the Increment (I) and the Limit (L). UBUS unit for 8 full duplex 64 kbit/s channels according to ITU-T G.703. GFC is a field in the ATM header which can be used to provide local functions (e.g., flow control). It has local significance only and the value encoded in the field is not carried end-to-end. Framing used for Ethernet over SDH (or other protocols). Allows frame delineation, etc. ITU-T G.7041 Ground or zero volt potential of the power supply.

GbE GCAC GCRA

GECOD GFC

G.703 CODirectional Generic Flow Control

GFP GND GSM GSM-R

Generic Framing Procedure GrouND Global System for Mobile applications Global System for Mobile applications with Railways

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Abbreviations GUI GVRP GWF H.248

Meaning Graphical User Interface GARP VLAN Registration Protocol GleichWellenFunk

Explanations Mainly used in the context of FOXMAN-UN Switches connected through 802.1Q trunk ports use GVRP to exchange information in order to dynamically create and manage VLA. The GWF application requires a phase locked relationship between the sent and the received frames (MEGIF 272). Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateways (MG) are two important elements in NGN. The H.248 / MEGACO protocol is used for MGC to MG (IPSMG) communication.

H-Channel

H-Channel

H-Channels are ISDN bearer services that have pre-defined speeds, starting and stopping locations on a PRI and are contiguously transported from one PRI site through networks to another PRI site. An ITU-TSS link layer protocol standard for point-to-point and multi-point communications.

HDLC HDSL Header HEC

High Level Data Link Control High speed DSL Header Header Error Control

Protocol control information located at the beginning of a protocol data unit. Using the fifth octet in the ATM cell header, ATM equipment may check for an error and corrects the contents of the header. The check character is calculated using a CRC algorithm allowing a single bit error in the header to be corrected or multiple errors to be detected. A type of PNNI Routing packet that is exchanged between neighbouring logical nodes. FOX HDSL modem with 5 interfaces for the digital transmission of up to 1024 kbit/s over copper pairs to the AM64/<xxx>-type remote modems.

Hello Packet HIRAC HLM HRL HU HW HWY I/F IAD IANA IC-channel ICMP ICN ICR ID Id IDI IDP IDU

Hello Packet

Higher Level Manager High Return Loss Height Unit Hardware Highway Interface Integrated Access Device Internet Address Numbering Authority Internal Communication channel Internet Control Message Protocol FOX internal communication channel Integrated part of the IP suite, used to announce network errors or network congestion and for some network management commands e.g. ping. Used for remote access devices with integrated modem (ADSL) and multiple service access capabilities such as PSTN, ISDN and data services. UBUS or PBUS Highway Corresponds to 44.45 mm. Basic measure used with the 19-inch construction practice.

Internal Communication Network FOX internal communication structure. Initial Cell Rate Identifier Initial Domain Identifier Initial Domain Part Interface Data Unit An ABR service parameter, in cells/sec. A source should send initially and after an idle period at that rate. Used together with a type of identifier (Customer Id, User Id, Node Id etc.) Second part of the IDP of an OSI (NSAP) address that specifies the domain and the institution responsible for the address (first part: AFI). The first (of two) basic parts of an OSI (NSAP) address (second part: DSP). The IDP consists of the AFI and IDI. The unit of information transferred to/from the upper layer in a single interaction across the SAP. Each IDU contains interface control information and may also contain the whole or part of the SDU.

IE IE

Intermediate transmission Equip- U-interface Repeater equipment. ment Information Element Used in the V5 context for the standardised description of V5 features.

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Glossary

Abbreviations IEC IEC IEEE IF If IFP IGMP ILMI

Meaning International Electrotechnical Committee Inter-exchange Carrier Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers InterFace Internet Facsimile Protocol Internet Group Management Protocol Integrated Local Managment Interface

Explanations

A long distance telephone company. A worldwide engineering publishing and standards-making body for the electronics industry.

Fax data format (control and image) according to ITU-T, T.38. IGMP is used by IP hosts to report their multicast group memberships to neighbouring multicast routers. An ATM Forum defined interim specification for network management functions between an end user and a public or private network and between a public network and a private network. This is based on a limited subset of SNMP capabilities. The transmission of ATM traffic (cells) via PDH 2 Mbit/s trunks (Inverse Multiplexing for ATM) with traffic policing. There are 2 approved specifications - AF-PHY-0086.000 (V1.0/July 1997) - AF-PHY-0086.001 (V1.1/March 1999) The ability of equipment from different manufacturers (or different implementations) to operate together. Originally developed by the Department of Defense to support interworking of dissimilar computers across a network. This protocol works in conjunction with TCP and is usually identified as TCP/IP. A connectionless protocol that operates at the network layer (layer 3) of the OSI model. The IPLM1 provides an IP (Ethernet) DSLAM for the FOX with 24 ADSL/ADSL2(+) interfaces per unit and 2 GbE uplinks (1 electrical + 1 optical) to the network. The line interfaces support ADSL over POTS lines (via splitters) The IPLM1 provides the interworking functions for the termination of the ATM layer and adaptation of the Ethernet traffic for IP services (Triple Play). The IPLM1 has no access to the FOX internal bus systems for traffic signals. The access is limited to management purposes. Same functionality as the IPLM1 but 2 electrical GbE uplinks. Implements the IPLM2 functionality for ADSL over ISDN-BA lines (via splitters) according to annex B. 24 SHDSL ports and principally the same functionalities as IPLM2 but for SHDSL line interfaces.

IMA

Inverse Multiplexing for ATM

IOP IP

Interoperability Internet Protocol

IPLM1

IPLM2 IPLM4 IPLM6 IPoE IPSMG IP over Ethernet IP Subscriber Media Gateway

Classic connection mode between Internet access provider and client. The New Generation Network (NGN) architecture separates the control, media and transport mechanism in the networks. Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateways (MG) are two important elements in providing voice delivery in NGN. The IPSMG unit for FOX provides media conversion and sets up transport connections, as instructed by the MG. The IPSMG unit is fully compliant with the media gateway control protocol H.248 / MEGACO. For ISDN transport, the IPSMG supports the SIGTRANS standards. IRL can be configured on the IPLM<x> for each VC in order to control the bandwidth usage in upstream direction. Element of the OSI hierarchy. A system that provides forwarding functions or relaying functions or both for a specific ATM connection. OAM cells may be generated and received. UBUS unit for the FOX 512/515 and FOX -U/M/-U providing 8 ISDN-BRA user ports (2B1Q) for V5.x applications. UBUS unit for the FOX 512/515 and FOX -U/M/-U providing 8 ISDN-BRA user ports (4B3T) for V5.x applications.

IRL IS IS ISBUQ ISBUT ISDN

Input rate limiting Intermediate System Intermediate System

Integrated Services Digital Network

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Abbreviations ISDN-BA ISDN-BRA ISDN-PRA IS-IS ISO

Meaning ISDN - Basic Access ISDN - Basic Rate Access ISDN - Primary Rate Access Intermediate System-toIntermediate System International Organisation for Standardisation Internet Service Provider

Explanations Same meaning as ISDN-BRA Capacity: 2B+1D channel Same meaning as ISDN-BA Capacity: 30B+1D channel Layer 3 OSI routing protocol, equivalent to OSPF in IP. An international organization for standardization, based in Geneva, Switzerland, that establishes voluntary standards and promotes global trade of 90 member countries.

ISP ITC ITU-T

Synchronisation mode used with IMA for NEs with IMA interfaces. See also CTC International Telecommunication Union - Telecommunication Standardisation Sector ISDN User Adaptation Independent VLAN learning Interworking Function Level 1 Level 2 Layer 3 Address Link Aggregation Control Protocol Local Area Network LAN Emulation Device that routes traffic within an OSI area Device that routes traffic between OSI areas. 15 bit number (for PSTN) which uniquely references a user port within a V5 interface According to IEEE 802.3ad; used to bundle several physical ports together to form one logical port. A network designed to move data between stations within a campus. The set of services, functional groups and protocols which provide for the emulation of LANS utilizing ATM as a backbone to allow connectivity among LAN and ATM attached end stations. A layer 2 protocol defined by ITU-T. This protocol reliably transfers blocks of information across a single Layer 1 link and supports multiplexing of different connections at Layer 2. LAPD according to ITU-T, Q.921 is e.g. used with ISDN BA (D-channbel). PBUS unit that connects a local area network (LAN) over a 10BaseT interface to FOX units with aggregate interfaces. Layer Entity Layer Function Layer Service Layer User Data Leaky Bucket An active element within a layer. A part of the activity of the layer entities. A capability of a layer and the layers beneath it that is provided to the upper layer entities at the boundary between that layer and the next higher layer. Data transferred between corresponding entities on behalf of the upper layer or layer management entities for which they are providing services. Leaky Bucket is the term used as an analogous description of the algorithm used for conformance checking of cell flows from a user or network (See GCRA, UPC and NPC). The "leaking hole in the bucket" applies to the sustained rate at which cells can be accommodated, while the "bucket depth" applies to the tolerance to cell bursting over a given time period. Represents the transmission capacity in UNM NP Model Protocol that allows bandwidth to be added or removed to a Virtual Concatenated Group (VCG) from the management system. ITU-T G.7042 The local exchange provides the analogue telephone and ISDN services. ITU-T is an international body of member countries whose task is to define recommendations and standards relating to the international telecommunications industry. The fundamental standards for ATM have been defined and published by the ITU-T (Previously CCITT). Signalling adaptation module for the transport of Q.931 signalling between SG and ASP by means of SIGTRAN. In a bridged VLAN, MAC address learning is performed individually for each VLAN.

IUA IVL IWF L1 L2 L3 Addr LACP LAN LANE

LAPD

Link Access Procedure D

LAWA4 Layer Entity Layer Function Layer Service Layer User Data LB

LC LCAS LE

Link Connection Link Capacity Adjustment Scheme Local Exchange

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Glossary

Abbreviations LE2Q2

Meaning

Explanations Family of UBUS units with 2 IFs for twisted copper pairs and front or UBUS data access. The LECA2 family supports xDSL services. The LECA2 uses the 2B1Q line code. Desktop unit with 2 DSL interfaces compatible with LE2Q2 (2B1Q). The LE2QR provides locally a 2 Mbit/s G.703/G.704 IF or n x 64 kbit/s G.703/G.704, X.21/V.11, V35 or V.36 IFs. Local 48 volt DC or mains powering.

LE2QR

Leaky Bucket LEC LEC LECA2

Leaky Bucket Local Exchange Carrier LAN Emulation Client

An informal term for the Generic Cell Rate Algorithm. A telephone company affiliate of a Regional Bell Operating Company or an Independent Telephone Company. The entity in end systems which performs data forwarding, address resolution, and other control functions. Family of UBUS units with 2 IFs for twisted copper pairs and front or UBUS data access. The LECA2 family supports xDSL services. LECA2 uses CAP. Desktop unit with 2 DSL interfaces compatible with LECA2 (CAP). The LECAR provides locally a 2 Mbit/s G.703/G.704 IF or n x 64 kbit/s G.703/G.704, X.21/V.11, V35 or V.36 IFs. 110 240 V mains powering. Special unit with 2 xDSL IFs for twisted copper pairs. The LECAF has no bus access and provides front access for all signals and services. The xDSL IFs are compatible with the LECA2 xDSL IFs. Desktop unit with 2 DSL interfaces compatible with LECA2 (CAP). The LECAR provides locally a 2 Mbit/s G.703/G.704 IF or n x 64 kbit/s G.703/G.704, X.21/V.11, V35 or V.36 IFs. Local 48 volt DC or mains powering.

LECAB

LECAF

LECAR

LECID LECS LED LEMQ6

LAN Emulation Client Identifier LAN Emulation Configuration Server Light Emitting Diode

This identifier, contained in the LAN Emulation header, indicates the ID of the ATM host or ATM-LAN bridge. It is unique for every ATM Client. This implements the policy controlled assignment of individual LE clients to different emulated LANs by providing the LES ATM addresses.

PBUS unit that concentrates the xDSL IP-packed oriented traffic of its 6 subscribers and transfers the traffic to the local 10BaseT front interface or to the PBUS cross connect. The LEMQ6 uses the 2B1Q line code. PBUS unit that concentrates the xDSL IP-packed oriented traffic of its 6 subscribers and transfers the traffic to the local 10BaseT front interface or to the PBUS cross connect. The LEMU6 supports CAP. LAN Emulation Server This implements the control coordination function for the Emulated LAN, examples are enabling a LEC to join an ELAN, resolving MAC to ATM addresses. PBUS unit with 8 DSL IFs and 8 x 2 P12 PBUS access. The LESA8 provides up to 8 DSL services via 1 pair or up to 4 DSL services via 2 pairs. Mixed modes are possible. The LESA8 supports the 2B1Q, CAP and PAM16 line codes. LESA8 is compatible with the LECAR and MUSIC 200 R1 CPE. Same as LESA8 with differences as follows: The current version supports the CAP and PAM16 line codes. The LESI8 is compatible with the MUSIC 200 R2 and MUSIC 700 CPE family. Loss of Frame Alignment Link Connection A link connection (e.g., at the VP-level) is a connection capable of transferring information transparently across a link without adding any overhead, such as cells for purposes for monitoring. It is delineated by connection points at the boundary of the subnetwork. A restriction on the use of links for path selection for a specific connection.

LEMU6

LES

LESA8

LESI8

LFA Link Connection

Link Constraint

Link Constraint

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Abbreviations Link Metric

Meaning Link Metric

Explanations A link parameter that requires the values of the parameter for all links along a given path to be combined to determine whether the path is acceptable and/or desirable for carrying a given connection. Information that captures an aspect or property of a link. Telephone line test unit for the FOX -U/-U/M(E). LINTE is no longer supported.

Link State Parameter LINTE LLC LMSDSL LOC

Link State Parameter

Logical Link Control Low speed Multi-rate Symmetrical DSL Loss of Cell Delineation

Sub-protocol at Layer 2 in the OSI model performing framing, flow control and error correction. The following rates are defined for MSDSL: 128 / 256 kbit/s. A condition at the receiver or a maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead indicating that the receiving equipment has lost cell delineation. Used to monitor the performance of the PHY layer. State of a link within an IMA group which can no longer be synchronised to the other links in the group because of its delay. A condition at the receiver or a maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead indicating that the receiving equipment has lost frame delineation. This is used to monitor the performance of the PHY layer. PBUS unit for the FOX with 4 2 Mbit/s interfaces G.703 for transparent or structured signals. Performance monitoring, protection and diagnostic functions are provided. Functionally identical with the LOMIF. PBUS unit for the FOX with 8 2 Mbit/s interfaces G.703 for transparent or structured signals. Performance monitoring, protection and diagnostic functions are provided.

LODS LOF

Link Out of Delay Synchronisation Loss of Frame

LOMI4

LOMIF

LOP

Loss of Pointer

A condition at the receiver or a maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead indicating that the receiving equipment has lost the pointer to the start of cell in the payload. This is used to monitor the performance of the PHY layer.

LOS LOS

Loss Of Synchronisation Loss of Signal A condition at the receiver or a maintenance signal transmitted in the PHY overhead indicating that the receiving equipment has lost the received signal. This is used to monitor the performance of the PHY layer. The LineRunner SHDSL is a ABB product family of SHDSL components suited for data transmission in copper networks. The LR family has subrack based equipment for the central office and desktop units for the customer premises. Repeaters allow for SHDSL range extensions and remote powering is supported for remote equipment. The Line Runner DTM is a desktop unit for the STIC<X> unit with SHDSL transmission (1 or 2 pairs) and X.24/V.11, V.35, V.24/V.28 interfaces supporting 1+1 path protection and point to multipoint applications. Remote powered LR DTM versions are available.

LR

Line Runner

LR DTM

LineRunner DeskTop Modular

LR SREG

LineRunner SHDSL Regenerator Regenerators with remote powering capabilities for the range extension of the SHDSL loop in applications of STIC<X>, LR DTM. SREG1 supports 1-pair, SREG2 supports 2-pair systems. Link State Advertisement Link Service Access Point Least Significant Bit Link State Database Link State Protocol Packet containing information about each of the links to its neighbours to every other router. Logical address of boundary between layer 3 and LLC sublayer 2. The lowest order bit in the binary representation of a numerical value. List of link state PDUs received from other routing elements. Protocol used with OSPF to update the link state information for the routers. See LSA. Functional group for PRA applications. The LT functional group consists of the 2 function blocks LT-U and LT-V3. Line Terminal Equipment Used for interfaces providing direct termination of the physical transmission (copper pairs, optical fibres).

LSA LSAP LSB LSD LSP LT LTE

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Abbreviations LTP LT-U LT-V3 MAC MAC MADT MAN Management System MAGIC

Meaning Linear Trail Protection

Explanations To protect VC-12 Tributaries over two STM-1 paths Reference point for PRA applications. LT-U connects the LT to the transmission (network) side. Reference point for PRA applications. LT-V3 provides the reference point V3 for the FOX network (exchange side).

Media Access Control Media Access Control Mean Accumulated Down Time Metropolitan Area Network Management System

Unique identifier (address) of the COBU<X> used for addressing (QX-interface, NSAP with IP tunnelling) IEEE specifications for the lower half of the data link layer (layer 2) that defines topology dependent access control protocols for IEEE LAN specifications.

A network designed to carry data over an area larger than a campus such as an entire city and its outlying area. An entity that manages a set of managed systems, which can be either NEs, subnetworks or other management systems. FOX unit with 8 magneto subscriber line interfaces. The MAGIC detects and generates the magneto line signalling and provides voice interfaces with E&M signalling (e.g. for the NEMCA, NEMSG). Improved substitute for the legacy MAGIC unit.

MAGI8 MAP MaxCR MBS Multiservice Access Platform Maximum Cell Rate Maximum Burst Size

All the equipment and software which is managed via UCST and FOXMANUN, including UCST and FOXMAN-UN. This is the maximum capacity usable by connections belonging to the specified service category. In the signalling message, the Burst Tolerance (BT) is conveyed through the MBS which is coded as a number of cells. The BT together with the SCR and the GCRA determine the MBS that may be transmitted at the peak rate and still be in conformance with the GCRA. Cross Connection in FOX

MC MC MCAS MCDV MCLR MCN MCR MCTD MDF MEGACO

Matrix Connection Management Communication Mercury CAS Maximum Cell Delay Variance Maximum Cell Loss Ratio Management Communication Network Minimum Cell Rate Maximum Cell Transfer Delay Main Distribution Frame Media Gateway Control protocol

Proprietary CAS signalling system supported by the SUBLA and PHLC<X> units. This is the maximum two-point CDV objective across a link or node for the specified service category. This is the maximum ratio of the number of cells that do not make it across the link or node to the total number of cells arriving at the link or node. The MCN is the network that transports the management communication of the FOX. An ABR service traffic descriptor, in cells/sec. The source is always allowed to send at this rate. This is the sum of the fixed delay component across the link or node and MCDV.

Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateways (MG) are two important elements in NGN. The H.248 / MEGACO protocol is used for MGC to MG (IPSMG) communication. UBUS unit with 2 2 Mbit/s interfaces according to ITU-T G.703/704.

MEGIF MFA MG Multi Frame Alignment Media Gateway

Indicates the alignment of the CRC-4 multi-frame of structured 2 Mbit/s traffic signals. The media gateway (MG) is responsible for the media stream conversion, i.e. the conversion of TDM based voice signals into ATM cells or IP packets and the signalling protocol conversion. There are three types of MGs: Access Gateway, Trunking Gateway and Residential Gateway.

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Abbreviations MGC

Meaning Media Gateway Controller

Explanations The media gateway controller (MGC) manages the connections and contains the call control functionality. A single MGC can control several MGs. The MGC terminates the H.248/MEGACO protocol. The MGC is part of the softswitch. NE database which the COBU<X> manages. A definition of management items for some network component that can be accessed by a network manager. A MIB includes the names of objects it contains and the type of information retained. The message identifier is used to associate ATM cells that carry segments from the same higher layer packet. Refer to PCR. Ringing signal generator unit for the SUBL<X > units in the FOX -U/M(E).

MIB MIB

Management Information Base Management Information Base

MID MIR MIRIG MON MOSPF MPEG

Message Identifier Maximum Information Rate

Monitored Multicast OSPF Motion Picture Experts Group

Fault reporting option monitored. Type 6 of OSPF routing packets. An ISO Standards group dealing with video and audio compression techniques and mechanisms for multiplexing and synchronizing various media streams. An effort taking place in the ATM Forum to standardize protocols for the purpose of running multiple network layer protocols over ATM. This parameter is described in ITU-T G.823 for traffic interfaces and is relevant for the ACONV adaptive clock mode (resistance to jitter & wander). Wander is always specified and measured as a Relative Time Interval Error (RTIE) between the signal of interest and some reference clock. The Multiplex Section Layer allows synchronisation routing information to be carried over the STM-1 signal via the SSM (Synchronisation Status Message). The highest order bit in the binary representation of a numerical value. Microsoft and MS-DOS are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation USA and world-wide. The following rates are defined for MSDSL: 128 / 256 / 384 / 512 / 768 / 1024 / 1536 / 2048 / 2304 kbit/s. Same rates for up- and downstream. Protection of the Multiplex Section e.g. via the 2 optical ports of the SYNIO.

MPOA MRTIE

Multiprotocol over ATM Maximum Relative Time Interval Error

MS MSB MS-DOS MSDSL

Multiplex Section Most Significant Bit Microsoft Disk Operating System Multi-rate Symmetrical DSL

MSP MTBF MTIE

Multiplex Section Protection Mean Time Between Failure Maximum Time Interval Error

This parameter is described in ITU-T G.823 for synchronisation interfaces and is relevant for the ACONV adaptive clock mode (resistance to jitter & wander). Detailed definition of MTIE is provided in ITU-T G.810.

MTTF MTTR MTU MtU Multiplexing MUSIC 100

Mean Time To Failure Mean Time To Repair Maximum Transmission Unit Maximum Transfer Unit Media Transfer Unit Multiplexing Maximum size of a data packet (number of octets) that is allowed for the medium (network). A function within a layer that interleaves the information from multiple connections into one connection. The MUSIC 100 is a desktop unit with Ethernet interfaces and bridge/router functionality. MUSIC 100 uses xDSL transmission via copper pairs at the aggregate side (legacy name of the COLT soho). The MUSIC 200 is a desktop unit and uses xDSL transmission via copper pairs at the aggregate side. The MUSIC 200 provides integrated G.703 interface, 2 Mbit/s, 120 ohms and an interface adapter (G.703, 2 Mbit/s , X.21 / V.11 N x 64 kbit/s, V.35 N x 64 kbit/s , V.36/RS449, 10BaseT N x 64 kbit/s). The MUSIC 700 is the generic name of a range of CPE which use G.SHDSL transmission via copper pairs at the aggregate side. Depending on the type, the units of the MUSIC 700 series provide interfaces for telephone, ISDN and LAN services.

MUSIC 200

MUSIC 700

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Abbreviations MUSIC 703

Meaning

Explanations The MUSIC 703 has the same basic features as the MUSIC 710 but not POTS interfaces. Instead it features 3 universal serial data interface n x 64 kbit/s. Supported interface types X.21/V.11, V.35 or V.36 The MUSIC710 is the first desktop unit of the MUSIC 700 series of units which provides interfaces for telephone services including POTS and V5.x user ports and LAN services via 2 local 10BaseT/100BaseX interfaces. The MUSIC 711 has the same features as the MUSIC 710 but additionally features a universal serial data interface n x 64 kbit/s. Supported interface types X.21/V.11, V.35 or V.36

MUSIC 710

MUSIC 711

NA NAT Native Address NBI NE NE

Non-urgent Alarm Network Address Translation Native Address North Bound Interface Network Element Network Element An address that matches one of a given node's summary addresses. An interface of a management system to a higher level management system The NE is the basic (manageable) element of the network, normally a FOX Multi-service Access System or subrack based xDSL equipment. A system that supports at least NEFs and may also support Operation System Functions/Mediation Functions. An ATM NE may be realized as either a standalone device or a geographically distributed system. It cannot be further decomposed into managed elements in the context of a given management function. The NEBRA has the same functionality as the NEBRO but provides all optical front interfaces (100 Base-FX and 1000 Base-SX/LX). The NEBRE provides VLAN switching (tagging, traffic priorisation) and bridging (rapid spanning tree protocol) functions for the traffic collected from its 10/100 BaseT (electrical) and 100 Base-FX or 1000 Base-SX/LX (optical) front interfaces. The NEBRE has no traffic interface with a generic FOX bus. The NEBRO is a SBUS unit which packs the 10/100 BaseT (electrical) and 100 Base-FX or 1000 Base-SX/LX (optical) traffic of its front interface into VC12 and VC-3 groups (virtual concatenation) for the transport via SDH traffic (Ethernet over SDH). The release 2 of NEBRO includes VLAN switching (tagging, traffic priorisation) and bridging (rapid spanning tree protocol) functions. Network Element Function Neighbour Node Network Element Layer A function within an ATM entity that supports the ATM based network transport services, (e.g., multiplexing, cross-connection). A node that is directly connected to a particular node via a logical link. An abstraction of functions related specifically to the technology, vendor, and the network resources or network elements that provide basic communications services. Tool for the management of NEs and networks of NEs: FOXMAN-UN, featuring networking functions and a graphical network overview. UBUS unit with 8 analogue interfaces for 2- or 4-wire voice and E+M signalling. UBUS unit with 8 analogue interfaces for 2- or 4-wire voice and E+M signalling. High signal level inputs. PBUS unit with 8 analogue interfaces for 2- or 4-wire voice and E+M signalling (replaces NEMCA). NEMSG includes additionally circuits for P0-data and voice traffic (including signalling) conferences (multipoint-to-multipoint, pointto-multipoint). Near End Crosstalk Equipment that must concurrently receive on one wire pair and transmit on another wire pair in the same cable bundle must accommodate NEXT interference. NEXT is the portion of the transmitted signal that leaks into the receive pair. Since at this point on the link the transmitted signal is at maximum and the receive signal has been attenuated, it may be difficult to maintain an acceptable ACR with the received signal if the cable media allows large amounts of crosstalk leakage to occur. Foiled or shielded cables generally have less crosstalk than unshielded varieties.

NEBRA NEBRE

NEBRO

NEF Neighbour Node NEL

NEM

Network Element Manager

NEMCA NEMGE NEMSG

NEXT

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Abbreviations NGN

Meaning Next Generation Network

Explanations The NGN architecture separates the control, media and transport mechanism in the networks. Media Gateway Controller (MGC) and Media Gateways (MG) are two important elements in providing voice delivery in NGN. The IPSMG unit is the FOX MG for NGN. Software module at SG that interworks between ISDN and SIGTRAN stacks. Configurable monitoring point for SYN4E which allows the signal monitoring in VC containers. Services include basic rate interface (2B+D or BRI) and primary rate interface (30B+D Europe and 23B+D North America or PRI). Supports narrowband speeds at/or below 1.5 Mbps.

NIF NIM N-ISDN

Nodal Inter-Working Function Non Intrusive Monitoring point Narrowband Integrated Services Digital Network Network Management Not monitored Network Management System

NM NMON NMS

Fault reporting option not monitored An entity that implements functions at the Network Management Layer. It may also include Element Management Layer functions. A Network Management System may manage one or more other Network Management Systems. Licensed Option to FOXMAN-UN BP, Trail Manger An ABR service parameter, Nrm is the maximum number of cells a source may send for each forward RM-cell.

NP Nrm NSAP NSAP

Networking Package

Network Service Access Point Network Service Access Point

OSI address according to ISO 8348 OSI generic standard for a network address consisting of 20 octets. ATM has specified E.164 for public network addressing and the NSAP address structure for private network addresses. Functional group for PRA applications. The NT functional group consists of the 2 function blocks NT1-U and NT1-T.

NT NT NT1-T NT1-U NTR NTU nx64K Network Timing Reference Network Terminating Unit Network Termination

Network Termination represents the termination point of a Virtual Channel, Virtual Path, or Virtual Path/Virtual Channel at the UNI. Reference point for PRA applications. The NT1-T provides the reference point T for the FOX network. Reference point for PRA applications. The NT1-U connects the NT1 to the transmission (network) side. Used in with end-to-end synchronisation via transmission (e.g. SHDSL). For example the NTU remote data unit for the SULIS UBUS unit. This refers to a circuit bandwidth or speed provided by the aggregation of nx64 kbps channels (where n= integer > 1). The 64K or DS0 channel is the basic rate provided by the T Carrier systems.

O&M O22 O22 OAM Octet ODI ODI OEI OEI ONP OODBMS

Operation and Maintenance 8 Mbit/s optical signal. Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN Physical Medium Section Operations Administration and Maintenance Octet Remote Defect Indication Outgoing Defect Indication Outgoing Error Indication Outgoing Error Indication Open Network Provision Object Oriented Data Base Management System ETSI specification (ETSI TBR12) for 2 Mbit/s leased lines of public networks that are synchronised by private network operators. A database from Versant A group of network management functions that provide network fault indication, performance information, and data and diagnosis functions. A term for eight (8) bits that is sometimes used interchangeably with byte to mean the same thing. Lower Order Path Overhead. Indicates to the far end that TU-AIS has been inserted at the TC-sink into the egressing TU-n. In combination with TC Lower Order Path Overhead. Indicates errored blocks of egressing VC-n

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Abbreviations OOF ORL

Meaning Out Of Frame Output rate limiting

Explanations Refer to LOF. ORL can be configured on the IPLM<x> for each ATM port and for each physical Ethernet port in order to control the bandwidth usage in downstream direction. Here: Software system of the NE including basic and unit SW Deals with the Optical Section Layer on the STM-1 side. A seven (7) layer architecture model for communications systems developed by the ISO for the interconnection of data communications systems. Each layer uses and builds on the services provided by those below it. A link-state routing algorithm that is used to calculate routes based on the number of routers, transmission speed, delays and route cost. OSPF is used for ECC routing with the COBUX. The LEMU6 and LAWA4 support OSPF routing for their subscriber traffic. 64 kbit/s signal UCST TDM cross connections. UCST TDM cross connections. P0 n times concatenated UCST TDM cross connections. 2 Mbit/s signal, structured according to ITU-T G.704 2 Mbit/s signal, unstructured or with unknown structure IF on the unit level. IF on the unit level IF on the unit level.

OS OS OSI

Operating System Optical Section Open Systems Interconnection

OSPF

Open Shortest Path First

P0 P0 P0_nc P0-nc P12 P12s P12x P22 P31 P32 PABX PAD Private Automatic Branch Exchange Packet Assembler and Disassembler Phase Amplitude Modulation PBUS Private Branch Exchange

A subscriber-owned telecommunications exchange that usually includes access to the PSTN. A PAD assembles packets of asynchronous data and emits these buffers in a burst to a packet switch network. The PAD also disassembles packets from the network and emits the data to the non-packet device. Line code used with DSL (Digital Subscriber Loop) transmission Internal highway structure implemented with FOX 512/515 for cross connection on 1/1 and 1/0 level. Depending on type of FOX, limitations on use apply. PBX is the term given to a device which provides private local voice switching and voice-related services within the private network. A PBX could have an ATM API to utilize ATM services, for example Circuit Emulation Service. Protocol Control is a mechanism which a given application protocol may employ to determine or control the performance and health of the application. Example, protocol liveness may require that protocol control information be sent at some minimum rate; some applications may become intolerable to users if they are unable to send at least at some minimum rate. For such applications, the concept of MCR is defined. Refer to MCR. PCMCIA card fitted to COBU<X>. Standard capacity 8 MBytes.

PAM-16 PBUS PBX

PC

Protocol Control

PC memory card PCB PCM Printed Circuit Board Pulse Code Modulation

An audio encoding algorithm which encodes the amplitude of a repetitive series of audio samples. This encoding algorithm converts analogue voice samples into a digital bit stream. Official name for PC memory card. Refer to PC memory card. PBUS unit for the FOX 512/515 providing protocol conversion for 10 V5.1 interfaces and 1 V5.2 interface (with up to 8 2 Mbit/s links). PBUS unit for the FOX 512/515 providing protocol conversion for 4 V5.1 interfaces or 1 V5.2 interface (2 2 Mbit/s links). The PCONV has 2 2 Mbit/s G.703 electrical interfaces for structured and unstructured signals.

PCMCIA card PCON2 PCONV

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Abbreviations PCR PDH

Meaning Peak Cell Rate Plesiochronous Digital Hierarchy

Explanations The Peak Cell Rate, in cells/sec, is the cell rate which the source may never exceed. PDH (plesiochronous means nearly synchronous), was developed to carry digitised voice over twisted pair cabling more efficiently. This evolved into the North American, European, and Japanese Digital Hierarchies where only a discrete set of fixed rates is available, namely, nxDS0 (DS0 is a 64 kbps rate) and then the next levels in the respective multiplex hierarchies. Used in conjunction with BHCA. xDSL path interface on the unit level (traffic layer) which is used (FOXMAN-UN NP) to adapt to P0_nc or P12 or VC-12.

PDR P-DSL PDU PDU

Processing Defect Ratio

Protocol Data Unit Protocol Data Unit

Packet term for OSI networks. A PDU is a message of a given protocol comprising payload and protocolspecific control information, typically contained in a header. PDUs pass over the protocol interfaces which exist between the layers of protocols (per OSI model). The ABB Product Engineering Code technically identifies and describes the product, its state and evolution. The PEC cannot be used for ordering or other commercial purposes.

PEC

Product Engineering Code

Permanent Virtual Circuit PETS PHA PHAU (PH) PHLC1

Permanent Virtual Circuit Plesiochronous Equipment Timing Source PBUS Highway Access PBUS Highway Access Per Unit Timing system of for PDH traffic signals and equipment. Number of PBUS highways (each 2 Mbit/s of traffic signals plus corresponding signalling) presently seized by a unit. This FOX specific figure provides the maximum number of PBUS accesses per unit in 2 Mbit/s accesses. This number is always a multiple of 4 (n x 4, n = 0 32). 3 slot wide PBUS unit for FOX 512/515 with 60 PSTN subscriber line interfaces featuring subscriber line test. Used with V5.x and other special protocol based signalling systems. Ditto for 30 subscribers Ditto for 10 subscribers The physical layer provides for transmission of cells over a physical medium connecting two ATM devices. This physical layer is comprised of two sublayers: the PMD Physical Medium Dependent sublayer, and the TC Transmission Convergence sublayer. Refer PMD and TC. A real link which attaches two switching systems. Standard compliance lists for the definition of the national V5.x performance A statement made by the supplier of an implementation or system stating which capabilities have been implemented for a given protocol. Refer to OUI. A PJE is an inversion of the I- or D-bits of the pointer, together with an increment or decrement of the pointer value to signify a frequency justification. PJE counts are reported separately for pointer increments (positive events) +PJE and decrements (negative events) PJE. Phase Lock Loop is a mechanism whereby timing information is transferred within a data stream and the receiver derives the signal element timing by locking its local clock source to the received timing information.

PSTN High density Line Card

PHLC2 PHLC3 PHY

Ditto Ditto OSI Physical Layer

Physical Link PICS PICS PID PJE

Physical Link Performance Implementation Compliance Statement Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement Protocol Identification Pointer Justification Event

PLL

Phase Locked Loop

PLS PM PM

Physical LAN Signalling Performance Monitoring Physical Medium Most FOX units provide PM for their traffic signals. Physical Medium refers to the actual physical interfaces. Several interfaces are defined including STS-1, STS-3c, STS-12c, STM-1, STM-4, DS1, E1, DS2, E3, DS3, E4, FDDI-based, Fibre Channel-based, and STP. These range in speeds from 1.544Mbps through 622.08 Mbps.

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Abbreviations PMA PMD PMS

Meaning Physical Medium Attachment Physical Media Dependent OS, ES

Explanations A device that e.g. attaches the NE to a 10 BASE-T Ethernet LAN. This sublayer defines the parameters at the lowest level, such as speed of the bits on the media. Unit functional layer and FOXMAN-UN Physical Medium Section of STM-1 (OS = optical, ES = electrical) A routing information protocol that enables extremely scalable, full function, dynamic multi-vendor ATM switches to be integrated in the same network. Power distribution unit for the remote powering of 4 HDSL CAP desktop units in conjunction with the POSUR unit.

PNNI PODIS POP Port Identifier POSUA

Private Network-Network Interface POwerDIStribution Point Of Presence Port Identifier

The identifier assigned by a logical node to represent the point of attachment of a link to that node. Power supply unit for the FOX 512. It converts the mains voltage first to the primary battery voltage and then to the internal VCC supply voltages. The POSUA can drive an external battery for power backup (BATMO option). Power converter unit for the FOX, which converts the battery voltage to the internal power supply voltages. The unit fits any slot in the FOX subrack and can be operated in parallel in order to build up protection. Higher capacity and efficiency than the POSUS.

POSUM

POSUR POSUS POTS PPP PPPoE PRA PRBS PRC PRI

Power Supply Remote

Power source for the remote powering of the LECAR/LE2QR and DSL regenerator in conjunction with the PODIS unit. Refer to POSUM.

Plain Old Telephone Service Point-to-Point Protocol PPP over Ethernet Primary Rate Access Pseudo Random Bit Sequence Primary Reference Clock Primary Rate Interface An ISDN standard for provisioning of 1.544 Mbit/s (DS1 North America, Japan, et al) or 2.048 Mbit/s (E1 Europe) ISDN services. DS1 is 23 B channels of 64 kbit/s each and one signalling D channel of 64 kbit/s/ E1 is 30 B channels of 64 kbit/s each and one signalling D channel of 64 kbit/s. A twenty-byte address used to identify an ATM connection termination point. A set of rules and formats (semantic and syntactic) that determines the communication behaviour of layer entities in the performance of the layer functions. Information exchanged between corresponding entities, using a lower layer connection, to coordinate their joint operation. Popular connection mode between Internet access provider and client. The Primary Rate Access is an ISDN based function that provides a 2 Mbit/s access. Refer to PRI. Sequence of bits with a random pattern of bits which repeats after a number of bits (e.g. sequences of 1011-1, 1015-1, 1020-1 bits).

Private ATM Address Protocol

Private ATM Address Protocol

Protocol Control Information PRS PSC PSTN PT

Protocol Control Information Primary Reference Source Protection Switch Count Public Switched Telephone Network Payload Type

The PSC is a protection performance parameter and provides information of the number of switching events.

Payload Type is a 3-bit field in the ATM cell header that discriminates between a cell carrying management information or one which is carrying user information. Payload Type Indicator is the Payload Type field value distinguishing the various management cells and user cells. Example: Resource Management cell has PTI=110, end-to-end OAM F5 Flow cell has PTI=101.

PTI

Payload Type Indicator

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Abbreviations PTMPT PVC PVCC

Meaning Point-To-Multipoint Private Virtual Circuit Permanent Virtual Channel Connection

Explanations A main source to many destination connections. This is a link with static route defined in advance, usually by manual setup. A Virtual Channel Connection (VCC) is an ATM connection where switching is performed on the VPI/VCI fields of each cell. A Permanent VCC is one which is provisioned through some network management function and left up indefinitely. A Virtual Path Connection (VPC) is an ATM connection where switching is performed on the VPI field only of each cell. A Permanent VPC is one which is provisioned through some network management function and left up indefinitely. Used in context with User Classes, Customer Id and System Access. Local Management Interface allowing to connect several NEs

PVPC

Permanent Virtual Path Connection

PW Q1 QCS Q-in-Q QL QoS

Password

Queue Congested Seconds Queue in Queue Quality Level Quality of Service

Indicates the number of seconds that a buffer queue of an ATM interface in the FOX is congested (buffer queue full). VLAN Tag stacking, 802.1Q that allows providing extra information (Protocol/type, VLAN priority/tag, etc.) into the frame header. 4-bit code in the TS 0 of a PCM frame (SSM) indicating the quality level of the signal provided for synchronisation use. Quality of Service is defined on an end-to-end basis in terms of the following attributes of the end-to-end ATM connection: - Cell Loss Ratio - Cell Transfer Delay - Cell Delay Variation LAN Management Interface

QX RAI RAS RDB RDI REI Remote Alarm Indication Remote Access Service Router DataBase Remote Defect Indication Remote Error Indication

Modems for the remote access of NEs. Database of the (OSPF) router with the router tables and link state information. The Remote Defect Indication signal is representing the defection of the received signal. The Remote Error Indicator signal is containing the number of detected error detection code. Also in combination with TCM

REN RFI RIB RIGEN RM

Ringer Equivalent Normal Radio Frequency Interference Routing Information Base Refer to EMI. Database formed of the LSD and FIB in the OSI routing elements. Ringing signal generator unit for the SUBL<X> units in the FOX -U and FOX 515. Resource Management Resource Management is the management of critical resources in an ATM network. Two critical resources are buffer space and trunk bandwidth. Provisioning may be used to allocate network resources in order to separate traffic flows according to service characteristics. VPCs play a key role in resource management. By reserving capacity on VPCs, the processing required to establish individual VCCs is reduced. Refer to RM-cell. Information about the state of the network like bandwidth availability, state of congestion, and impending congestion, is conveyed to the source through special control cells called Resource Management Cells (RM-cells).

RM-Cell

Resource Management Cell

ROM Router

Read Only Memory Router A physical device that is capable of forwarding packets based on network layer information and that also participates in running one or more network layer routing protocols. The RPF notification for NSAP addresses is specified in the ITU-T standard X.213 and represents the NSAP addresses in the format IDP + DSP.

RPF RPS

Reference Publication Format Remote Powering System

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Abbreviations RS

Meaning Regenerator Section

Explanations The Regenerator Section Layer allows the STM-1 signal to be labelled with a STM-1 TTI for ensuring that any incorrect connection of the wrong optical signals is monitored and alarmed. Protocol implemented on bridge devices which allows to avoid loops in multipath scenarios. Convergence time around 1 second depending on the network number of bridge devices on the network. IEEE 802.1w RTP is used for the transport of voice packets across an IP network. Interface which receives the signal (normally equal to input).

RSTP

Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol

RTP RX Rx SA SA SAAL

Real-Time Transport Protocol

Source Address Source MAC Address

The address from which the message or data originated A six octet value uniquely identifying an end point and which is sent in an IEEE LAN frame header to indicate source of frame.

Signalling ATM Adaptation Layer This resides between the ATM layer and the Q.2931 function. The SAAL provides reliable transport of Q.2931 messages between Q.2931 entities (e.g., ATM switch and host) over the ATM layer; two sublayers: common part and service specific part. Set Asynchronous Balanced Mode Extended Service Access Point Command of OSI user network. A SAP is used for the following purposes: - When the application initiates an outgoing call to a remote ATM device, a destination_SAP specifies the ATM address of the remote device, plus further addressing that identifies the target software entity within the remote device. - When the application prepares to respond to incoming calls from remote ATM devices, a local_SAP specifies the ATM address of the device housing the application, plus further addressing that identifies the application within the local device. There are several groups of SAPs that are specified as valid for Native ATM Services.

SABME SAP

SAR SASE SbU SBUS

Segmentation and Reassembly Stand Alone Synchronisation Equipment Subunit

Method of breaking up arbitrarily sized packets. The SASE reconditions clock signals by eliminating jitter from the clock (function according to ITU-T G.812). The FOX do not provide this function. Term of an generic element in the structure of FOX (refer to units) FOX internal bus for the cross connection of SDH signals (VC-12, VC-3). The SBUS is physically identical with the ABUS. The first unit configured (ABUS, SBUS unit) defines the signal structure of the bus.

SCN

Switched Circuit Network

SCN is a type of network in which a physical path is obtained for and dedicated to a single connection between two end-points in the network for the duration of the connection. The SCR is an upper bound on the conforming average rate of an ATM connection over time scales which are long relative to those for which the PCR is defined. Enforcement of this bound by the UPC could allow the network to allocate sufficient resources, but less than those based on the PCR, and still ensure that the performance objectives (e.g., for Cell Loss Ratio) can be achieved. SCTP is a part of the SIGTRAN framework. SCTP is a common signalling transport layer supporting a common set of reliable transport functions for signalling transport.

SCR

Sustainable Cell Rate

SCTP

Stream Control Transmission Protocol Signal Degraded Synchronous Digital Hierarchy Symmetrical DSL Structured Data Transfer

SD SDH SDSL SDT

The ITU-TSS International standard for transmitting information over optical fibre.

An AAL1 data transfer mode in which data is structured into blocks which are then segmented into cells for transfer.

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Abbreviations SDU SE SEAL SEC Segment SEL SEL Semipermanent Connection SES

Meaning Service Data Unit Switching Element Simple and Efficient Adaptation Layer Synchronous Equipment Clock Segment Severely Errored Second Selector Semipermanent Connection Severely Errored Second

Explanations A unit of interface information whose identity is preserved from one end of a layer connection to the other. Switching Element refers to the device or network node which performs ATM switching functions based on the VPI or VPI/VCI pair. An earlier name for AAL5. Block of the SETS timing system. A single ATM link or group of interconnected ATM links of an ATM connection. Selector switch within the NSAP address. SEL is a part of the DSP (other parts: High DSP, SID). Generally used to identify different destinations on an ES such as applications or services above the data link layer on NSAP addresses. A connection established via a service order or via network management. A unit used to specify the error performance of T carrier systems. This indicates a second containing ten or more errors, usually expressed as SES per hour, day, or week. This method gives a better indication of the distribution of bit errors than a simple Bit Error Rate (BER). Refer also to EFS. An ATM termination point, which is the source of ATM messages of a connection, and is used as a reference point for ABR services. Refer to DES.

SES SESR SETS SETS P SF SFP

Source End Station Severely Errored Second Ratio Synchronous Equipment Timing Source Synchronous Equipment Timing Source Protection Signal Fail Small Form factor Pluggable

Timing system for SDH signals and equipment. Protection of the SETS timing system.

Pluggable module with SFP electrical or optical transceivers of any flavour. SFP modules provide 100BASE-FX / 1000BASE-SX/LX and STM-1 (S.1.x, L1.x, X1.x and CWDM) optical interfaces. SFP modules with electrical STM-1 interfaces are available as well. The SG interconnects the NGN with the PSTN or ISDN signalling network and allows end-to-end signalling for calls between NGN and PSTN or ISDN, i.e. the SG connects the softswitch to the signalling network SS7 or to an ISDN TE. N ordered pairs of GCRA parameters (I,L) used to define the negotiated traffic shape of a connection. Data transmission over subscriber lines with symmetrical bit rates (up- and downstream) according to ITU-T G.991.2 (= G.SHDSL). SHDSL uses the PAM-16 line code. Several pairs are used in the line bonding mode. Sequence of the NSAP address that identifies the system (=system address). The SID is a part of the DSP (other parts: High DSP, SEL). UBUS unit with 4 full-duplex synchronous 64 kbit/s interfaces (X.24 and V.11). Unit is required to implement the EOC. SIGTRAN allows to transport telephony signalling over IP.

SG

Signalling Gateway

Shaping Descriptor SHDSL

Shaping Descriptor Single pair High speed Digital Subscriber Line System IDentifier SIxty-FOur kbit/s X.24

SID SIFOX SIGTRAN SIP-T SLID1

Session Initiation Protocol for Telephones

Extension of SIP to support inter-softswitch communications. In NGN, BICC is used as the signalling protocol between softswitches. Same as SLIM1 with differences as follows: The current version supports the CAP and PAM16 line code. Other codes are FUTURE OPTIONS. SLID1 is compatible with the MUSIC 200 R2 and MUSIC 700 CPE family. Same as SLID1 with differences as follows: Supports additionally remote powering for the CAP regenerator.

SLID2

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Abbreviations SLIM1

Meaning

Explanations PBUS unit provides two DSL services as well as two E12 interfaces. The SLIM1 provides access to the PBUS for Nx64 kbit/s and P12 traffic signals. The SLIM supports 2 single pair services or 2 two-pair services or a mixture of both. The current version supports the CAP line code. SLIM1 is compatible with the LECAR and MUSIC 200 R1 CPE.

SLIM2

Same as SLIM1 with differences as follows: Supports additionally remote powering for the CAP regenerator.

SMDS SMG SNAP SNC SNC

Switched Multi-Megabit Data Services Subscriber Media Gateway SubNetwork Access Point Sub Network Connection Subnetwork Connection

A connectionless service used to connect LANs, MANs and WANs to exchange data. The SMG is the same as an Access Gateway (AG), i.e. it supports line side interfaces, e.g. for analogue or ISDN phones. Same as SID Is a part of a NP application In the context of ATM, an entity that passes ATM cells transparently, (i.e., without adding any overhead). A SNC may be either a stand-alone SNC, or a concatenation of SNCs and link connections.

SNCP SNCP/I SNCP/N SNI SNMP

SubNetwork Connection Protection SNCP with Inherent monitoring SNCP with Non-intrusive monitoring Service Node Interface Simple Network Management Protocol The FOXMAN-UN provides an SNMP interface for alarms. Originally designed for the Department of Defense network to support TCP/IP network management. It has been widely implemented to support the management of a broad range of network products and functions. SNMP is the IETF standard management protocol for TCP/IP networks. Section overhead in SDH signals and containers (e.g. the SOH in the STM-1 frame). A set of traffic parameters belonging to the ATM Traffic Descriptor used during the connection set-up to capture the intrinsic traffic characteristics of the connection requested by the source. Algorithm used by routing protocols to find the best (cheapest) route to a destination network. An MPEG-2 Transport Stream that consists of only one program. Refer to LR SREG. Indicates the result of the input signal monitoring for the SYNI<X> units with MSP (SF, SD/high No request) A clock recovery technique in which difference signals between source timing and a network reference timing signal are transmitted to allow reconstruction of the source timing at the destination. A family of signalling protocols originating from narrowband telephony. They are used to set-up, manage and tear down connections as well as to exchange non-connection associated information. Refer to BISUP, MTP, SCCP and TCAP. The portion of the convergence sublayer that is dependent upon the type of traffic that is being converted. Indicates weather the data stream can be used as timing source for synchronisation or not. For P12x, P0-nc signals For P12s signals

SOH Source Traffic

Section OverHead Source Traffic

SPF SPTS SREG SRQ SRTS

Shortest Path First Single Program Transport Stream SHDSL Regenerator Signal ReQuest Synchronous residual Time Stamp Signal System Number 7

SS7

SSCS SSI

Service Specific Convergence Sublayer Synchronisation Status Indication

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Abbreviations SSM

Meaning

Explanations

Synchronisation Status Message Encoded information in TS 0 of PCM frames, providing a quantitative value for the usability of the data stream for synchronisation purposes. Standardised by G.704. Set Top Box System Time Clock Used for connection and billing between Internet video- and TV subscribers and the video- and TV provider. The master clock in an MPEG-2 encoder or decoder system. The STIC1 has 8 DSL line interfaces and provides access to the PBUS for Nx64 kbit/s and P12 traffic signals. STIC1 provides a maximum of 8 single-pair DSL services, or 4 two-pair DSL services, or a mixture of both. STIC1 supports wetting current individually for each DSL service. Same functionality as STIC1 but with support of line powering for a regenerator or a desktop unit individually on each DSL service. Synchronous Transfer Module Synchronous Transport Module 1 Synchronous Transport Module n (where n is an integer) Synchronous Transport Module n concatenated (where n is an integer) Spanning Tree Protocol STM is a basic building block used for a synchronous multiplexing hierarchy defined by the CCITT/ITU-T. SDH standard for transmission over OC-3 optical fibre at 155.52 Mbps. STM-1 operates at a rate of 155.52 Mbps (same as STS-3). SDH standards for transmission over optical fibre (OC-n x 3) by multiplexing n STM-1 frames, (e.g., STM-4 at 622.08 Mbps and STM-16 at 2.488 Gbps). SDH standards for transmission over optical fibre (OC-n x 3) by multiplexing n STM-1 frames, (e.g., STM-4 at 622.08 Mbps and STM-16 at 2.488 Gbps, but treating the information fields as a single concatenated payload). Protocol implemented on bridge devices which allows to avoid loops in multipath scenarios. Convergence time up to 30 seconds depending on the network number of bridge devices on the network. IEEE 802.1D UBUS unit with 4 U-interfaces (4B3T coding) to NT1s (ISDN subscriber side). High density FOX PBUS units with POTS subscriber line interfaces. SUBH supports V5.x and other special protocol based signalling systems and subscriber line test. The SUBH generation of units replaces and substitutes the PHLC unit generation. PBUS unit with 10 POTS subscriber line interfaces. The SUBH1 substitutes and replaces the PHLC3. PBUS unit with 30 POTS subscriber line interfaces in 1 slot of the FOX subrack. The SUBH3 substitutes and replaces the PHLC1. UBUS unit with 12 POTS interfaces to telephone sets. Sublayer A logical sub-division of a layer. UBUS unit with 12 POTS interfaces to telephone sets. UK version. UBUS unit with 8 U-interfaces (2B1Q coding) to connect the NTU remote data unit. UBUS unit with 8 U-interfaces (2B1Q coding) to NT1s (ISDN subscriber side). Switched Virtual Circuit Switched Virtual Channel Connection Shared VLAN learning Switched Virtual Path Connection A connection established via signalling. The user defines the endpoints when the call is initiated. A Switched VCC is one which is established and taken down dynamically through control signalling. A Virtual Channel Connection (VCC) is an ATM connection where switching is performed on the VPI/VCI fields of each cell. In a bridged VLAN, MAC address learning is performed globally and all VLANs can use the same forwarding database. A Switched Virtual Path Connection is one which is established and taken down dynamically through control signalling. A Virtual Path Connection (VPC) is an ATM connection where switching is performed on the VPI field only of each cell. General expression for any kind of software.

STB STC STIC1

STIC2 STM STM-1 STM-n

STM-nc

STP

SUBAT SUBH

SUBH1 SUBH3 SUBL<X> Sublayer SUBUK SULIC SULIS SVC SVCC

SVL SVPC

SW

Software

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Abbreviations Switched Connection SYN4E

Meaning Switched Connection

Explanations A connection established via signalling. SBUS unit with 4 SFP-module based STM-N interfaces and 4 local Ethernet interfaces. 2 STM-interfaces support STM-4 or STM-1 modules, while the 2 remaining interfaces support STM-1 only. SYN4E provides a local cross connect for VC-traffic and has SBUS access for VC-12 and VC-3 traffic. SYN4E supports EoS in VC-12, VC-3 and VC-4 with VCAT and LCAS for 10/100/1000BASE-T tributary traffic. SBUS unit that terminates 8 VC-12 traffic signals provided via the SBUS on the PBUS. SBUS unit with 16 interfaces (G.703) for terminated 8 VC-12 traffic signals that are provided via the SBUS Same features as the SYNAD but with 8 interfaces.

SYNAC SYNAD SYNAM Sync SYNIC SYNIF SYNIO SYNOT Synchronisation

SBUS unit with one electrical STM-1 front interface for SDH aggregate traffic. Provides SETS. SBUS unit with one optical STM-1 front interface for SDH aggregate traffic. Provides SETS. SBUS unit with two optical STM-1 front interfaces for SDH aggregate traffic. Provides SETS. SBUS unit with 1 optical STM-1 front interface for VC-12 and VC-3 tributary traffic for the SBUS. No SETS function. SBUS unit with SFP cage for a SFP module with an optical or electrical STM1front interface for SDH aggregate traffic. Provides SETS and MSP over 2 SYNUF units. SBUS unit mapping VC-12 tributary traffic from the PBUS to the SBUS. No SETS function. SBUS unit with 1 E31 (34 Mbit/s) / E32 (45 Mbit/s) front interface for VC-3 tributary traffic for the SBUS. No SETS function. Tandem Connection Transaction Capabilities Sections of the VC-12 path that are connected in series or tandem. TCAP (see below) plus supporting Presentation, Session and Transport protocol layers.

SYNUF

SYNVA SYTEL

TC TC TCD TCM TCP

Technical Customer Documenta- Entity of all the documents created for the FOX customer documentation. tion Tandem Connection Monitoring Transmission Control Protocol TCM allows you to individually monitor segments of a VC-12 path. Originally developed by the Department of Defense to support interworking of dissimilar computers across a network. A protocol which provides end-to-end, connection-oriented, reliable transport layer (layer 4) functions over IP controlled networks. TCP performs the following functions: flow control between two systems, acknowledgements of packets received and end-to-end sequencing of packets. An ABR service parameter, TCR limits the rate at which a source may send out-of-rate forward RM-cells. TCR is a constant fixed at 10 cells/second. This is part of the ATM physical layer that defines how cells will be transmitted by the actual physical layer.

TCR TCS TD(S) TDM TE

Tagged Cell Rate Transmission Convergence Sublayer Time Domain Signals Time Division Multiplexer Terminal Equipment

A method in which a transmission facility is multiplexed among a number of channels by allocating the facility to the channels on the basis of time slots. Terminal equipment is e.g. used for the - ISDN equipment connecting to the S interface of NT1. - Endpoint of ATM connection(s) and termination of the various protocols within the connection(s). Is a object class representing SNC, Circuits or Trail etc.

TE

Transport Entity

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Abbreviations TE TG

Meaning Terminal Equipment Trunking Gateway

Explanations

The TG is a Media Gateway type. The TG is located between PSTN and packet network. It terminates circuit-switched trunks in the PSTN and virtual circuits in the packet network. A coding methodology which provides a flexible and extensible means of coding parameters within a frame. Type indicates parameter type. Length indicates parameter's value length. Value indicates the actual parameter value.

TLV

Type / Length / Value

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Abbreviations TM TM

Meaning Terminal Multiplexer Traffic Management

Explanations

Traffic Management is the aspect of the traffic control and congestion control procedures for ATM. ATM layer traffic control refers to the set of actions taken by the network to avoid congestion conditions. ATM layer congestion control refers to the set of actions taken by the network to minimize the intensity, spread and duration of congestion. The following functions form a framework for managing and controlling traffic and congestion in ATM networks and may be used in appropriate combinations. - Connection Admission Control - Feedback Control - Usage Parameter Control - Priority Control - Traffic Shaping - Network Resource Management - Frame Discard - ABR Flow Control The FOXMAN-UN software component representing the northbound interface to ABB Preside for trail management To inheritance TTP and CTP An entity that transfers information provided by a client layer network between access points in a server layer network. The transported information is monitored at the termination points. Protocol control information located at the end of a PDU. The time difference between the instant at which the first bit of a PDU crosses one designated boundary and the instant at which the last bit of the same PDU crosses a second designated boundary. POTS, data and video over a single access line, typically of the ADSL2+ type.

TM MOA TP Trail

Trail Manager - Managed Object Agent Termination Point Trail

Trailer Transit Delay

Trailer Transit Delay

Triple Play TS TS Time Slot Traffic Shaping

64 kbit/s channel in a PCM structure Traffic Shaping is a mechanism that alters the traffic characteristics of a stream of cells on a connection to achieve better network efficiency, while meeting the QoS objectives, or to ensure conformance at a subsequent interface. Traffic shaping must maintain cell sequence integrity on a connection. Shaping modifies traffic characteristics of a cell flow with the consequence of increasing the mean Cell Transfer Delay. Time Stamping is used on OAM cells to compare time of entry of cell to time of exit of cell to be used to determine the cell transfer delay of the connection. Unique identifier assigned to a trail and carried by the traffic signal. The adaptation based on G.805

TS TTI TTP TTRP TUG-n TU-n TUN<XY> TUNEL TUNOF

Time Stamp Trail Termination Identifier Trail Trace Identifier Trail Termination Point Tunnel-Tunnel Router Protocol Tributary Unit Group Tributary Unit, level n

Ditto. Level of the SDH multiplexing structure. Family of UBUS transmission units. Member of this family are units such as TUNOL, TUNOP, TUNOS and TUNEL. UBUS unit with 2 electrical 8 Mbit/s interfaces according to ITU-T G.703. Built in 2 Mbit/s DMX for local cross connection or UBUS access. Special unit with 1 optical 8 Mbit/s IF and 4 electrical 2 Mbit/s IFs according to ITU-T G.703. Built in 2 Mbit/s DMX for local cross connection. The LECAF has no bus access and provides front access for all signals. UBUS unit with 1 optical 8 Mbit/s interface and 4 electrical 2 Mbit/s interfaces according to ITU-T G.703. Built in 2 Mbit/s DMX for local cross connection or UBUS access. UBUS unit with 2 optical 8 Mbit/s interfaces.

TUNOL

TUNOP

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Abbreviations TUNOR

Meaning

Explanations Desktop unit with 1 optical 8 Mbit/s IF and 4 E12 IFs. The TUNOR supports the G.703 and V.11 2 Mbit/s standard and ISDN-PRA functionalities. Mains or local 48 V battery powering. Interface which send the signal (normally equal to output).

TX Tx UA UAT UBR Urgent Alarm UnAvailable Time Unspecified Bit Rate

UBR is an ATM service category which does not specify traffic related service guarantees. Specifically, UBR does not include the notion of a per-connection negotiated bandwidth. No numerical commitments are made with respect to the cell loss ratio experienced by a UBR connection, or as to the cell transfer delay experienced by cells on the connection. Internal 2 Mbit/s PCM-highway for traffic and signalling data implemented with all the FOX. Depending on FOX limitations on use apply.

UBUS UCST UDP

UBUS

FOX Configuration Software Tool PC/computer based EM to manage the NEs of ABB. User Datagram Protocol This protocol is part of the TCP/IP protocol suite and provides a means for applications to access the connectionless features of IP. UDP operates at layer 4 of the OSI reference model and provides for the exchange of datagrams without acknowledgements or guaranteed delivery. Facsimile UDP Transport Layer according to ITU-T, T.38. FOX modem unit with 5 interfaces for the transmission of up to 128 kbit/s over copper pairs to the AM-type Analogue Network Terminating Units. X.21/X.21bis interface options. The software residing in the ATM devices at each end of the UNI circuit that implements the management interface to the ATM network. UMTS is the new standard to connect all types services via mobiles to the network controllers. Family of application optimised Multi-service Access Systems. The modular structure of the FOX equipment supports a large range of traffic interfaces (voice and data) and transmission interfaces from 64 kbit/s up to STM-1 (SDH). The FOX provides also an ATM core with IMA, Circuit Emulation and an STM-1 (ATM) interface. Various units with interfaces for the electrical, optical and DSL transmission are available. A cell identified by a standardized virtual path identifier (VPI) and virtual channel identifier (VCI) value, which has been generated and does not carry information from an application using the ATM Layer service. Workstation based EM for large FOX networks with an enhanced graphical user interface. The FOXMAN-UN allows multi-sessions and supports multiple EAs and redundant databases. An interface point between ATM end users and a private ATM switch, or between a private ATM switch and the public carrier ATM network; defined by physical and protocol specifications per ATM Forum UNI documents. The standard adopted by the ATM Forum to define connections between users or end stations and a local switch. The transmit operation of a single PDU by a source interface where the PDU reaches a single destination. UBUS unit with 4 (or 2) data interfaces (depending on the type of the interface): X.24/V.11, V.36 RS-449, V.36 RS-499, V.35, V.24/V.28. Term of a generic element in the structure of FOX. A unit contains 1 or more Subunits. User Port Mainly used in relation to V5 applications. Physical or logical user port implemented in the AN to provide the relevant interface functions towards the enduser

UDPTL ULCAS

UDP Transport Layer Universal LineCard for AScostream UNI Management Entity Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Universal MUltipleXer

UME UMTS FOX

Unassigned Cells

Unassigned Cells

FOXMAN-UN

FOX Network Element Manager

UNI

User Network Interface

Unicasting UNIDA Unit UP

Unicasting UNIversal Data Access unit

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Abbreviations UPC

Meaning Usage Parameter Control

Explanations Usage Parameter Control is defined as the set of actions taken by the network to monitor and control traffic, in terms of traffic offered and validity of the ATM connection, at the end-system access. Its main purpose is to protect network resources from malicious as well as unintentional misbehaviour, which can affect the QoS of other already established connections, by detecting violations of negotiated parameters and taking appropriate actions. Starts with 10 consecutive SESs (included in UT) and ends with 10 consecutive ESs (not included in UT). Refers to an electrical interface between the TC and PMD sublayers of the PHY layer. A cable having one or more twisted pairs, but with no shield per pair. Protocol and interface for the switch-independent deployment of PSTN and ISDN traffic in the access network with provides the corresponding user ports. V5.1 uses one structured 2 Mbit/s signal for 30 PSTN subscribers or a PRA access. V5.1 does not allow concentration. V5.2 allows concentration of the PSTN and ISDN subscriber traffic and multiple protection of the traffic on the concentrated section. V5CAS is a proprietary CAS signalling code which is an extension of MCAS (Mercury CAS) and carries out of band PSTN signalling.

UT UTOPIA UTP V5 V5.1 V5.2 V5CAS VAD

Unavailable Time Universal Test & Operations Interface for ATM Unshielded Twisted Pair

Voice Activity Detection

VAD allows a data network carrying voice traffic over a packet network to detect the absence of audio and conserve bandwidth by preventing the transmission of "silent packets" over the network. An ATM Forum defined service category which supports variable bit rate data traffic with average and peak traffic parameters. A communications channel that provides for the sequential unidirectional transport of ATM cells. UCST TDM cross connections Virtual Container 12 of STM-1 UCST TDM cross connections Virtual Container 3 of STM-1 UCST TDM cross connections Virtual Container 4 of STM-1

VBR VC VC-12 VC-3 VC-4 VCAT

Variable Bit Rate

Virtual Concatenation

Map Ethernet signals (10, 100Mbps, etc.) into several smaller SDH transport containers (VC-12 or VC-3). Similar to Inverse multiplexing. ITU-T G.707. The aggregation of smaller signal containers (members) is called a Virtual Concatenated Group (VCG). A concatenation of VCLs that extends between the points where the ATM service users access the ATM layer. The points at which the ATM cell payload is passed to, or received from, the users of the ATM Layer (i.e., a higher layer or ATM-entity) for processing signify the endpoints of a VCC. VCCs are unidirectional. Refer to VCAT. A unique numerical tag as defined by a 16 bit field in the ATM cell header that identifies a virtual channel, over which the cell is to travel. A means of unidirectional transport of ATM cells between the point where a VCI value is assigned and the point where that value is translated or removed. Level of the SDH multiplexing structure. Often the hierarchy type (European =2, American =1) is amended to n. An oscillator whose clock frequency is determined by the magnitude of the voltage presented at its input. The frequency changes when the voltage changes. Refer to VCO. Refer to VS/VD. A network element that connects VCLs. It terminates VPCs and translates VCI values. It is directed by Control Plane functions and relays the cells of a VC.

VCC

Virtual Channel Connection

VCG VCI VCL VC-n VCO

Virtual Concatenation Group Virtual Channel Identifier Virtual Channel Link Virtual Container, level n Voltage Controlled Oscillator

VCOX VD Virtual Channel Switch

Voltage Controlled Oscillator Virtual Destination Virtual Channel Switch

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Abbreviations Virtual Path Switch VLAN

Meaning Virtual Path Switch Virtual LAN

Explanations A network element that connects VPLs. It translates VPI (not VCI) values and is directed by Control Plane functions. It relays the cell of the VP. Group of devices that are configured so that they can communicate as if they were connected to the same wire, when in fact they are located at different LAN segments. This abbreviation is used in combination with transmission various technologies such as ATM (VoATM), IP (VoIP), DSL (VoDSL) etc. A unidirectional logical association or bundle of VCs. A concatenation of VPLs between Virtual Path Terminators (VPTs). VPCs are unidirectional. An eight bit field in the ATM cell header which indicates the virtual path over which the cell should be routed. A means of unidirectional transport of ATM cells between the point where a VPI value is assigned and the point where that value is translated or removed. A system that unbundles the VCs of a VP for independent processing of each VC. The ATM Forum voice and telephony over ATM service interoperability specifications address three applications for carrying voice over ATM networks; desktop (or LAN services), trunking (or WAN services), and mobile services. This is a network which spans a large geographic area relative to office and campus environment of LAN (Local Area Network). WAN is characterized by having much greater transfer delays due to laws of physics. PC operating systems. Windows 95/98/2000 and Windows ME/NT/XP are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation USA and world-wide.

VoXXX VP VPC VPI VPL VPT VTOA

Voice over XXX Virtual Path Virtual Path Connection Virtual Path Identifier Virtual Path Link Virtual Path Terminator Voice and Telephony Over ATM

WAN

Wide Area Network

Windows 95 Windows 98 Windows 2k Windows ME Windows NT Windows XP WINS WS CLAN 1000Base-SX/LX 100Base-FX 1000Base-T 100Base-TX 10Base-T 155 Mbit/s 16-CAP 155520 kbit/s Carrierless Amplitude/Phase Modulation with 16 constellation points 2048 kbit/s 2048 kHz 2 Binary, 1 Quaternary 4 Binary, 3 Tertiary Windows Internet Name Services Work Station Micro Computer LAN

UNIX based desktop computer. Internal communication structure for FOX unit microprocessors Standard for optical Ethernet interfaces withj a maximum transmission rate of 1000 Mbit/s. Standard for optical Ethernet interfaces with a maximum transmission rate of 100 Mbit/s. Standard for electrical Ethernet interfaces a maximum transmission rate of 1000 Mbit/s. Standard for electrical Ethernet interfaces with a maximum transmission rate of 100 Mbit/s. Standard for electrical Ethernet interfaces with a maximum transmission rate of 10 Mbit/s.

The modulation technique used in the 51.84 Mb Mid-Range Physical Layer Specification for Category 3 Unshielded Twisted-Pair (UTP-3).

2 Mbit/s 2 MHz 2B1Q 4B3T

Line code for the ISDN U-interface. Alternate line code for the ISDN U-interface. This code is manly used in Germany.

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Glossary

Abbreviations 64-CAP

Meaning Carrierless Amplitude/Phase Modulation with 64 constellation points. 8448 kbit/s

Explanations

8 Mbit/s

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