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dead time of the instrument is (a)the time required by an instrument to begin to respond to a change in the measurand (b)the time required by an instrument to begin warm up initially (c)the largest change of input quantity for which there is no output of the instrument (d)none of the above 2.)the efficiency of an instrument is defined as the ratio of the measured quantity at full scale to the power taken by the instrument at (a)one-fourth scale (b)half scale (c)three-fourth scale (d)full scale 3.undesirable characteristic of a measurement system are (a)accuracy repeatability (b)static error (c)drift dead !one (d)both b c ".the reliability of a measuring instrument means.... (a)the life of the instrument (b)the e#tent over which the characteristics remain linear (c)degree to which repeatability continues to remain within specified limits (d)all of these $)when reading is taken at half scale in the instrument%the error is (a)e#actly equal to half of full-scale error (b)equal to full-scale error (c)less than full-scale error (d)more than full-scale error &)the span of a !ero-centred voltmeter having a scale from -1'v to (1' v is (a)'v (b)-1'v (c)1'v (d) 2'v span ) ma#- min *.resolution of an instrument is (a)the minimum quantity it can be measure (b)the ma#imum quantity it can measure (c)the ma#imum nonlinearity (d)ability to distinguish polarity (13)the static error band of an instrument does not include (a)nonlinearity (b)electrical drift (c)hysteresis in the instrument (d)none of the above

+uest(3)the main advantage of the null balance technique of measurement is that (a)it does not load the medium (b)it gives a centre !ero value at its input (c)it gives quick measurement (d)it is not affected by temperature variation +uest(1*)in which part of the scale does the pointer indicate most accurately (a)in the first third of the scale (b)in the first half of the scale (c)in about middle of the scale (d)in the last third of the scal +uest(")consider the following statements in connection with deflection null type instruments 1.null type instruments is more accurate than deflection type one 2.null type of instrument can be highly sensitive as compared with deflection type instrument 3.under dynamic conditions%null type instrument is not preferred to deflection type instruments ".response is faster in null type instrument as compared to deflection type instruments which of these statements are correct (a)1%2 3 only (b)1%2 " only (c)2%3 " only (d)1%2%3 " +uest(,)the smallest change in a measured variable to which an instrument will respond is (a)accuracy (b)resolution (c)precision (d)sensitivity +uest(1)deflection methods of direct measurements are most widely used as these are (a)most simple (b)most accurate (c)least time consuming (d)most simple least time consuming

+uest(1)deflection methods of direct measurements are most widely used as these are (a)most simple (b)most accurate (c)least time consuming (d)most simple least time consuming

+uest(1")the fact as to how closely the instrument reading follows the measured variables is called the (a)accuracy (b)precision (c)fidelity (d)sensitivity +uest (-) a meter having a sensitivity of 2kohm.v is used for the measurement of voltage across a circuit having an output resistance of 1 kohm an open circuit voltage of -v%what is the reading of the meter at its 1'v scale/ (a)$.*2v (b)&.$1v (c)*.&2 (d)*.,1 +uest(2,)the difference between the indicated value the true value of a quantity is (a)gross error (b)absolute error (c)dynamic error (d)relative error +uest(*)if two meters 0 1 require "'m2 $' m2 respectively%to give full scale deflection%then (a)0 is more sensitive (b)1 is more sensitive (c)both 0 1 are equally sensitive (d)it would not be possible to assess the sensitivity on the basis of the given data

the static error band of an instrument implies (a)accuracy of the instrument (b)irrepeatability of the instrument (c)error caused when the pen is stopped at some deflection (d)error introduced in low varying inputs 4#plain 5 2ssertion (2) 5 +-meter can not be used with a capacitive element. 6eason (6) 5 7he + value of a coil is the ratio of w8 to its resistance 6. +uest(3')the error introduced by an instrument fall in which category (a)systematic errors (b)random errors (c)gross errors (d)environmental errors +uest(2-)which one of the following decides the time of response of an indicating instrument// (a)deflection system (b)controlling system (c)damping system (d)pivot 9ewel bearings

+uest($)the region between the limits within a quality is measured received or transmitted%e#pressed by stating the lower upper limits is called the (a)range (b)span (c)range limit (d)none of these +uest(1$)an higher scale ammeter is used to measure reading too low current.the measurement would have low (a)precision (b)accuracy (c)resolution (d)all of these 3all effect transducer is generally used for the measurement of a.power b.voltage c. displacement d.current

+uest(23)dead !one of an instrument is (a)the time required by an instrument to warm up initially (b)the largest change of the input quantity for which there is no output of the instrument (c)the time required by an instrument to begin to respond to a change in measured (d)the unmeasured quantity which e#ceeds the ma#imum range of the instrument (e)none of above +uest("&)the degree of reproducibility among several independent measurement of same true value under reference condition is known as (a)accuracy (b)precision (c)linearity (d) calibration: +uest("1)a wheatstone bridge requires a change of & ohm in the unknown arm of the bridge of the bridge to produce a change in deflection of 3 mm of the galvanometer.the sensitivity of the instrument is (a)'.$; (b)2;

(c)'.$ mm.ohm (d) 2.' ohm.mm

(d)ratio of the change in output signal of an instrument to a change in the input +uest(3-)a standard cell of 1.'-$ volts used with a simple potentiometer balance at $' cm.the ; error in the voltmeter which balance at &'; when reading 1.2v is (a)1.-; low (b)3.&; low (c)1.-; high (d)3.&; high +uest(3*)the measured value of a capacitor is 2'$.$ micro< %whereas its true value is 2'2." micro<. 7he relative error is (a)1.-*; (b)1.,"; (c)1.$3; (d)1.*3;

+uest("3)sensitivity inaccuracy of a recording instrument means the (a)degree to which the instrument is not sensitive enough to repeat readings (b)ma#imum error in sensitivity displayed by a pen (c)smallest signal required to give detected output (d)amount of input needed to give unit pen deflection +uest(3&)the pressure in a tank varies from 2' psi to 1''psi.further pressure in the tank is desired to be kept at $' psi.the full scale error%when inside the tank is 3' psi%is given by (a)-&2.$; (b)2$; (c)-'; (d)-2.$; +uest("2)threshold of sensitivity in reference to instruments is (a)the smallest signal that caused detected output (b)the largest signal which can be measured (c)the value of sensitivity on the highest scale (d)the value of sensitivity on the lowest scale +uest(32) a '-1''v voltmeter has an accuracy of 1; at full-scale reading.what will be the error if it reads $'v/// (a)1; (b)2; (c)'.$; (d)";
.error on perticular reading=.( fullscale reading/voltmeter reading)*(full scale error)

+uest("")sensitivity of a voltmeter is given as (a)ohm.v (b)reciprocal of full scale deflection current (c)both a b (d)none of these

+uest("$)accuracy is defined as the (a)measure of the consistency or reproducibility of the measurement (b)closeness with which an instrument reading approaches the true of the quantity being measured (c)smallest measurable input change