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# Mechanics of Solids

Simple stress and strain Types of stresses and strains Load extension diagram for different materials Hookes law, Modulus of elasticity Lateral and volumetric strain. Poissons ratio Temperature stresses and compound bars Theory of torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts Advanced cases of shear force and bending moment diagrams for statically determinate beams. Relations Theory of simple bending, Neutral Axis, Resisting moments and section modulus. Shear stresses in mono-symmetric beams Deflection of beams by double integration, moment area and conjugate beam methods

## Mechanics of Solids Lab

Investigation of Hooks law that is the proportional relation between force and stretching in elastic deform Determination of torsion and deflection, Measurement of forces on supports in statically determinate beam, Determination of shear forces in beams, Determination of bending moments in beams, Measurement of deflections in statically determinate beam, Measurement of strain in a bar Bend test steel bar; Yield/tensile strength of steel bar;

Recommended Books 1. Strength of Materials by Andrew Pytel & Ferdinand L. Singer 2. Mechanics of Materials by E.P. Popov

Fluid Mechanics

1. Introduction to fluid Mechanics & its classification. o History of fluid Mechanics o Application of Fluid mechanics in Civil Engineering. o Distinction between solids and fluids. 2. Physical Properties of Fluids: o Density, Specific weight, Specific Volume, Specific gravity, Viscosity. o Newtons Law of viscosity. Surface tension. Compressibility of fluids. 3. Fluid Statics: o Static pressure, Pressure height relationship, absolute and gauge pressure, o Measurement of Pressure, Barometer, Bourdon gauge, Pizometer tube, simple and differential ma measuring instruments. o Forces on submerged plane and curved bodies. Buoyancy and Stability of submerged and floating

4. Fluid Kinematics: o Basics Concept about steady and unsteady flow, Laminar and Turbulent flow, Path lines, stream l flow. 5. Basic Equations: o Continuity Equation, Energy Equation and Momentum Equation. o Application of Energy Equation and Continuity Equation to incompressible fluids. 6. Fluid Measurement: o Venturimeter, Orifices, Mouth pieces and Nozzles, pitot tube, Weirs and Notches. 7. Flow through Pipes: o Laminar Flow through pipes, Darcys Weisbach equation for flow through pipes, o Hydraulic and Energy gradient lines, Losses in Pipe lines. Transmission of Energy through Pipes 8. Flow through Open Channel: o Uniform flow through open channels. Chezys and Mannings formula for uniform Flow through open channel. Labs 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Demonstration of various parts of Hydraulic Bench. Experimental Study of laminar and turbulent Flow. Experimental Study of tube gauges and Dead weight pressure gauges. Calibration of Orifices by Various Methods. Calibration of venturimeter. Calibration of Rectangular and Triangular Notch. Verification of Bernoullis theorem. Determination of Metacentric height. Study of Various losses through Piping arrangements.

Recommended Books