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Chapter 4

Terms:
Arc- moving the camera in a curved truck around the main subject in the shot. Arc left- clockwise Arc right- counterclockwise Bust shot Close-up- a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to just below the shoulders. Depth of field- the distance between the closest point to the camera that is in focus and the furthest point from the camera that is also in focus. Dolly- physically moving the camera, its tripod, and doll perpendicularly toward or away from the set. Dolly in Dolly out Establishing shot- a specific type of extreme long shot used to tell the audience when and where the program takes place. Extreme close-up- a shot of an object that is so magnified that only a specific part of the body fills the screen. Extreme long shot- the biggest shot a camera can capture of the subject matter. Four shot- a shot that captures four items. Great depth of field- when a cameras depth of field is as large as possible. Group shot- a shot that incorporates any number of items above four.

Head room- the space from the top of a persons head to the top of the television screen. High angle shot Knee shot Lead room: the space from the tip of a persons nose to the side edge of the frame. Long shot- a shot that captures a subject from the top of the head to the bottom of the feet and does not include many of the surrounding details. Low angle shot Macro- a lens setting that allows the operator to focus on an object that is very close to the camera, almost touching the lens. Medium close-up Medium long shot Medium shot Mid shot Minimum object distance- the closest an object can be to the camera and still be in focus. Narrow angle shot Nose room: (see lead room) Over-the-shoulder shot Pan Pan left Pan right

Pedestal Pedestal down Pedestal up Pre-focus Profile shot- a shot in which the talents face is displayed in profile. Pull focus Rack focus- the process of changing focus on a camera while that camera is hot. Reaction shot- a shot that captures one persons face reacting to what another person is saying or doing. Rule of thirds Selective depth of field- a technique of choosing to have a shallow depth of field in a shot or scene. Shallow depth of field- a depth of field technique that moves the audiences attention to the one portion of the picture that is in focus. Shot: an individual picture taken by a camera during the process of shooting program footage. Shot sheet: a numerical listing of each shot to be captured by each camera in a multi-camera shoot. Shot sheets are developed specifically for each camera Three shot- a shot that frames three items. Tilt Tilt down Tilt up Truck

Truck left Truck right Two shot- a shot that includes two items of primary importance. White balance: A function on cameras that forces the camera to see an object as white, without regard to the type of light hitting it or the objects actual color. Wide angle shot