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1 Complete the sentences with the words below.


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l. Scientists think of a 2. A elever student needs to be

and then try to prove it. by teachers. .

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3. Scientists often keep liquids in

4. People use to weigh things. 5. Clever people are sometimes prizes. .....

2 Scientists

try to discover things about the world. Which things do you think ascientist will do as part of his I her job? Circle your choices. a. find ways to help people live langer b. discaver new elements c. teach students d. work in an affice e. learn about different equipment f. playa musical instrument

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1 Complete the puzzle according to the clues.


Across ,... 4. divorce ends this 3 Complete the following sentences according to the texto .

6. the oppositeof peace


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l. Einstein played music very well on his . 2. Einstein was very happy because he was going to study 3. Einstein's Spedal Theoryof Relativitystated that the speed of never changes. 4. When Einstein received the Nobe!Prize,he gave the money to
..............................................

Down 'Y l. not ordinary 2. didn't pass 3. per!odical'or magazine 5. have the same opinion r l r e

5. The purpose of the top-secret "Manhattan

project" was to produce an

4 Paint a( view is the way a persan sees things. Sometimes a person's point of view changes. When did Einstein's point of view about war change?
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....................................................................................................................................................................................

2 Find five words in the arrow. Then write them in the


sentences below.
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1. If you're 3. You can 4. The man felt ill and 5. The robbers by friends, you won't be lonely.
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2. Thegovernmenthas got a lot of

if you work hard. ,...on to the floor. our house and made a mess.

After Albert Einsteindied, his brain was removed, cut into pieces and examined. Doctors wanted to try to discover if any physical differences were the reason for his genius. Einstein'sbrain was shaped differentlyto other people's brains,but scientists still aren't sure if this affected his intelligence.

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1 Match the
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l. heal 2. suitcase 3. joke

in A to their

in B. B
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Underlil1e the Then write the corred

in each sentem:e word.

about

Marie CuI"e.

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l. Marie was the eldest child in her family. ............................................


2.

a. something that makes people laugh

Marie attended university during


special project
discovered two

the

day. ...........................................

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b. make or become healthy again c. inform of a problem or danger d. a bag to carry clothes in e. time when you are young

3. Marie's 4. Marie

was to study
new paintings.

types of liquids.

.............................................

.............................................

5. At the age of 31, Marie was happy with her career. ............................................ 6. Marie's X-ray units helped tutor s during the First World War.
...,......................................... ......

Marie's letter with the words below. l!discoverypartner crus~ing proud husband allowed
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4 Answer the questiol1s about Marie Curie. Write the


answers in your l1otebook. 1. What sad eventshappenedwhen Mariewas a child? 2. Whywas it difficultfor Marieto study in Warsaw? 3. What subjectsdid Mariestudy in Paris? 4. HowcouldX-rayshelp surgeons? 5. What happened to Pierrein 1906? 6. What new element did Marieand PierrediscoverbeforePierredied?

DearFather)
You 1<n0M/ / had a difficu/tb'me in WarsaM/ atthe F/oab'ng Universih.

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me toget an education.
to be in Paris nOM/./ enjolj M/orl<ing M/ith PierreJ m~ al;J~ 3 meta/s / spend /ots"V{time

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J The Sorbonne is name~ after Robert de Sorbon. the confessor of King Louis IX of France. It started in the 13th century. Lectures were taught out-of-doors to young students coming fr;om different e parts of the country.

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2 Some people want to make the world a better place, with'-"


freedom and justice for everybody. If you wanted to fight for civil rights, which of the following means would you use? '~ , Why? Do you think it is ever justified to use violence?

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the sentences
1. His mother always succeeded.

the words
him to keep trying until he

3 Match A to B to

true sentences

about the texto

poverty policy encoumged skin $ympathisers pray


g Marti!Fl'bUi!he:pi[(j,~ .. 1'. . They all agreed with them.
3.

"d"lHi\\eJred ,fuis

2. The protestors had many

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31 The government's is equality for everybody. ~4.Fampies with lttle food and money live in . 5. The preacher wanted to """""""""""""""""""""",for the sick man's reeavery. ~9.Th~y were cruel to him1because of the colour of his .
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to their

in B.

he" Y o . . a'hotel wner,1. "'" I 6. Rosa"Tawks vvlsarested becaR,seshe~

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e. in Atlanta, Georgia. """'"f; in Washington, D.c.

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improve tny 3. come true 4. task 5. increase

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a. very small b. prohibit c. make better d. grbwth e. job f. really ha.ppen
Martin luther King Day is a national holday in the USA.lt is observed on the third Monday of January each year, close to King's birthday on 15th January. People often do community service or volunteer for other activities on this day.

4 When

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a In your Exerdse 3 in

the sequence events is the events listed in

Answer the
the answers

about Martn luther


in YOllr notebook.

1. Why do you think he was inspired by Mahatma Gandpi? 2. What was he fightng for? 3. What means did he use to fight for his objective? 4. Why did he hold a boyeatt of the buses in Montgomery? 5. What did he do with his Nobel Prize money? 6. What are some of the ways that Martn Luther King is remembered?

the corred

word in the

below.
from jail after he was proved

l. The prisoner was released / pretended innocent.

3 In cause refers to an (cause) and its result (effect) in a story. Match the cause to theeffect.
Cause 1. Emmeline witnessed the hard life of the women in the workhouse. 2. Emmeline's son was ill and the medical expenses were high. 3. Most of the men were fighting in the war.
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Effed ." a. Women needed to do jobs that were traditionally done by men. b. She adopted four children.c. She accepted a speaking tour to the United States. d. She was determined to fight for women's rights. e. Suffraget1es were released from prison.

2. The w:oman worked hard to protest / provide for her family. JflMost open-minded / struggling people welcome different ideas. 4. He mflde many attempts / views to climb the mountain. 5. Mary had a different sldll / way of life. She didn't live like other
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people.
l.

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The words in bold are in the wrong word unde!" the corred sentence. l. She loves achievement
.
..."
" ".....................

sentences.

Write

each

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and makes her own clothes.

4. Emmeline stopped her militant protests.


5. Emmeline was concerned for the war babies.

2. The girl is fixed her job very well.


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3. 1have got a concerned salary. 1 get the same amount of money every month.~.
............................................. \

4 Answer the questions about Emmeline Pankhurst.


the answers in your notebook.
.,1'" What was Emiheline Pankhurst fighting for? 2. Why did Emmeline come up with the slogan, "Deeds, not words"? 3. What did Emmeline Pankhurst do to achieve her objective? 4. Do you think that Emmeline was right to use hunger strikes to achieve her objective? Why, or why not? 5. Why did Emmeline Pankhurst change the nature of her struggle when the First World War began?

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4. He got an award for his behaviour


.............................................

in science. ............................................. l

5. His sewing was terrible. He was rude and shouted at fue. 6. 1 am performing because you haven't contacted me for three days. .~

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In 1893,New Zealand became the first country to giv women the right to vote. However,the voters couldn't elect women to the House of Representatives until 1919.

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--1 Complete the sentences with the words below.

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doingbusiness make a fortune powerful charity work . afford l. Sorne people becorne wealthy by . 2. Business people are sornetirnes very successful and they

.
3. Rich people can to buy aJmost anything they want. 4. Many people with rnoney want to help others, so they do . 5. Rich people are often very influence. and they have got a looof

Answer the questions. l. How do you think the Internet has changed the world?
, .......

..............................................................................................................................................................................

2. Narne five things that would be harder for you to do if you didn't have the Internet.
.............................................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................................................................................. """""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""""'".............................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................................................................

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(F). Cirde the in the sentence below. T F 1. A shy person enjoys meeting new people. m h .' 2. " It is risky driving very fast. e o " Something inexpensive 3." is cheap. 1 b 4.' When 'people share, everybody gets something. p r 5. An employee has got his, own business. e /'" ;" ,1 BillGates ,. ......... many different people.

sentences are true attention to to

3 Put the sentences


events of BiII Gates'

in the correct life.

order

to summarise

the

a. Microsoft made more than a million dollars. b. Paul went to MITS in New Mexico to try out a program he and BiDdeveloped. c. BiDGates became a biDionaire.
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d. BiDand his wife formedthe WiDiamH GatesFoundation.


e. Paul and Bill were offered their first job in a computer company. f. BiDand Paul formed Microsoft Corporation. ...... the

2 Complete the sentences with the words below.


Pay attention
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to the words in bold.

Read the quote below from the text and then drde answer you thinl< s correcto
new ways to advance his company.

Microsoft was making $145 million ayear, but Bill was constantly thinking of

l. Please sign your ... on the contract. ~a.hand b. name c. idea 2. Companies use advertising to tell people about a ... . a. problem ." b. product " c. news item 3. This is '" . It's the coolest game I've,ever seen. a. fantastic b. terrible c. boring 4. A good code usuallY includes ... . a. leaves and flowers b. numbers and letters c. bread and butter
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a. BiDwas satisfied with the w~y things were. b. BiDwanted Microsoft to be more successful. c. Bill wanted to open a new company.

Answer the questions. Write the answers in your notebook.


1. Why did BiDGates"parents send him to a private school? 2. Who did Bill Gates meet at school? 3. What was the first thing Bill Gates asked the girls he dated? 4. What is the purpose of The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation? 5. What did Bill Gates start to work on after he withdrew from Microsoft management?

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5. My shirt size is '" . a. large b. orange c. casual

The word 'computer' was used as early as 1613. However, 'computer' did not refer to a machine, but rather to a person who could calculate and compute. '

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words in bold are the word under the correct sentence: each

3 Choose the best answer


1. Tim's parents were both ... . a. English teachers b. mathematicians c. engineers

to the texto

1. We're going to the mountains tomorrow and I don't know what to wear,\ I must listen to the engineer tonight.
1.;1.............................................

~:2.My {ather loves obscure


.............................................

meals, so my parents rarely eat out.

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What is your favouriteveather


.............................................

forecast at school?

2. The term 'computer bug' originated fram ... . a. computer viruses b. extremely annoying old computers . c. live bugs getting into the computers and damaging them 3. Tim thought of WWWbecause he wanted computers ... . a. to communicate one with the other b. to be available for all c. to use different programs 4. Tim went to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to ... . a. ask for a job b. convinee people to use the same computer languages c. to write new computer languages

4. Let's go to the subject to collect a few books.


.............................................

5. A very good library is responsible for building this machine.


.............................................

6. Nobody knows why he left. Ris reasons "arevery homemade.


.............................................

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4 Answer the questions. Write the answers in yo!.!r notebook.


" 1. What were the'~firstcomputers like? 2. What was Tim's biggest dream? Did it come true? 3. What does the abbreviation WWW stand for? 4. Why did Tim decide that the world needed the WWW? 5. Why do people admire Tim Berners-Lee so much?

the sentences below. sur( heat daily miss for good cardboard 1. Unfortunately, even in ,the 21st century, some people stilllive in
houses.

to

2.

exercise can improve your health.

3. Jade has left the country ,! . Re's not coming back. .4. We the Internet for information every day. 5. I returned early because I don't want to the film.
6. The extreme ~.isn't ,

good for very old people.

On average, for every hour school students spend doing homework, they spend six hours on the Internet.

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English AlbertEinstein compass disappointment "


r, droopy ; drop out of overnight skipped speed submitted threats took

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Catala

English

Euskara

Galego

Albert
brjula decepcin cados abandonas de la noche a la maana

Einstein
iparrorratz etsipen erori(ak) uzten gauetik goizera huts egiten zuen abiadura aurkeztu zituen mehatxu(ak) aurkeztu zen comps decepcin cados abandonas, deixas da noite para a ma lataba velocidade presentou ameazas presentouse a

brixola decepci caiguts deixes, abandones de la nit al dia saltava velocitat va presentar amenaces es va presentar a

compass disappointment droopy drop out o overnight skipped speed submitted threats took

se saltaba velocidad present amenazas se present a

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Marie Curie
breakthrough digging around excelled at field hospitals governess mortar and pestle research shed shrapnel staggering widow wound avance, logro hurgar destac en hospitales de campaa institutriz mortero y mano investigacin
~ cobetizo metralla tambalendose viuda herida

Marie Curie
aven~, progrs "': remenar va destacar a hospitals de campanya institutriu morter i ma recerca, investigaci cobert metralla tentinejant vdua ferida \ breakthrough digging around excelled at field hospitals aurrerapauso, lorpen miatu nabarmendu zen gerra -ospitale( ak) etxe- irakasle mortero eta almeriz-esku ikerketa estalpe metraila balantzaka alargun zauri avance, adianto furgar salientou en hospitais de campaa institutriz morteiro e man investigacin, pescuda alboio, alpendre metralla cambaleando viva ferida

governess mortar and pestle


research shed shrapnel staggering widow wound

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English Castellano'
Catala

English

Euskara

Galego

Martin Luther King


brotherhood ',' commitment
cro>s deterred
,;

Martin Luther King


germanor comproms conreus descoratjat multa anties culpable segrestats de mala gana, a contracor aldarulls, avalots van donar suport a judici
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hermandad compromiso cultivos desalentado multa antiguos culpable secuestrados de mala gana, a regaa dientes revueltas apoyaron a juicio

brotherhood

anaitasun konpromiso uzta(k) adore a galduta, etsita isUD ohi(ak) errudun bahitu(ak) gogoz kontra matxinada(k) babestu zituen epaiketa Paokhurst kontabilitate hezi, hazi ekintza(k) mitin(ak) (erregistro zibileko) idazkaritza marruskatzen greba(k) -en ardura hartu; onartu erretiratu egin zen txiroen etxe

irmandade compromiso colleitas desalentado multa antigos culpbel secuestrados de mal grado, a desgusto revoltas apoiaron a xuZo
....

commitment crops deterred fme former guilty kidnapped reluctantly riots supported tria! Emmeline

fine former guilty kidnapped reluctantly

riots
1,
'1

supported tria!

Emmeline
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Pa:nkhu'rst
contabilidad educad_a, criada' hechos mtines secr~taria frfgando, restregando comptabilitat educada, criada fets mtings secretaria fregant

bookkeeping brought up deeds rallies registrar scrubbing stril..es take on


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bookkeeping brought up deeds rallies registrar scrubbing strikes take on withdrew workhouse

contabilidade educada, criada feitos mitin s secretaria (do rexistro civil) fregando, refregando folgas facerse cargo de, aceptar retirouse asilo de persoas pobres I (.

(del registro civil) (del registre civil)

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withdrew workhouse
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huelgas vagues hacerse cargo de, fer-se carrec de, aceptar acceptar se retir es va retirar asilo de pobres asil de desvalguts

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Castellano

Catal\

BiII Gates
annoying blossom molesta crecer navegador sala (con) sacaste fundadores invirtiendo pleito abrumado reanud recompensas comprensiva, de ayuda deseaba
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empipadora crixer, desenvolupar-se navegador

English

Euskara

Galego

Bm Gates
annoying blossom browser dated did o.. score founders
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, J browser
dated
did

gogaikarri aurrera egiten nabigatzaile -kin ateratzen zen atera zenuen fundatzaile( ak) inbestitzen auzi gaindituta, zanpatuta (ez) zen berriz hasi ordainsari(ak) ulerkor, lagunkoi -tzeko irrikan zegoen

molesta crecer, medrar navegador saa (con) sacaches fundadores investindo, a investir preito abafado recomezou recompensas comprensiva, de axuda desexaba

... score

,\ founders investing lawsuit overwhelmed resumed . rewards supportive was eager to

sortia (amb) vas treure fundadors invertint plet, litigi aclaparat va reprendre recompenses comprensiva, d'ajuda desitjava

investing
overwhelmed resumed rewards supportive was eager to

f lawsuit

Tim Berners-['ee
bugs (USA) computer bug computer .. networking gadgets information
highway

Ti." Berners-Lee
cuques error de software I error de programacin programaci gestin d redes gesti de xarxes informticas informa tique s artilugio s aparells autopista de autopista de la t la informacin informaci chatarrera ferralleria buscadores cercadors deseo, necesidad tejiendo desig, necessitat teixint bichos
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bugs (USA) computer bug computer networking gadgets information highway junkyard search engines urge weaving

xomorro(ak) programazio / software akats informatika-sareen kudeaketa tramankulu(ak) informazioautobide txatartegi bilatzaile( ak) desio, behar ehuntzen

bichos erro de software / programacin xestin de redes informtica s artefactos autoestrada da informacin chatarrera buscadores desexo, necesidade tecendo, a tecer
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junkyard search engines urge weaving

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NOBEL PRIZES Nobel Prizes are


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awarded

1 Complete

the sentences

with the dates below.

in Norway and Sweden every year. These prizes were named after Alfred Nobe! .' (1833-1896), a Swedish chemist, engineer, IJ
innovator' ", and businessman.

/888 /900 /927 /937 2007 1. TheNobelFoundationwas establishedwith AlfredNobel'smoney


ID..............................................

He inv~nted'dynamite

and
~

became ~ich by making and, " sellingdifferentcombinationsof I expl01,ives.

2. By , the Nobel Foundation managed close to $600 million. 3. In , a scientist received a Nobel Prize for discovering the cause of cancer. ..... 4. In , Nobel's obituary was printed in a newspaper even though he was alive. 5. In , it was discovered that Johannes Fibiger's discovery wasn't the cause of cancer.

NobelPeace Centre, Oslo, Norway


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In 1888, Alfred's brother, Ludvig, died and a French newspaper published a death notice for Alfred by mistake. The newspaper wrote, UDr Alfred Nobel... became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before." Alfred was worried by this description. He didn't want to be remembered for
.~-,

Match A to B to make sentences.

this. So, in his will, Alfred divided most of his money into five parts to use as prizes for people with exceptional achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature and peace. The Nobel Foundation was established to manage this money in 1900. By 2007, the foundation controlled more than $560 mmion. .
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A
1. The Nobel Prizes were named after 2. Nobelleft his money for prizes because
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Today, each winner receives a gold meda!, a diploma and a large amount of money. But some of the winners have been controversial. For example, i Johannes Fibiger, a Danish scientist, received the Nobel Prize in 1927because he 'discovered' the cause of cancer. He fed rats cockroaches infected with worms. The rats developed tumours, and he thought the tumours were cancer caused by the worms. But, ten years later, other sci~ntists showed this was wrong. The tumours were caused by a vitamin A deficiency. 1:
wiIl cockroaches WOflliS

3. Fibiger's rats de'{eloped 4':,Pibiger shouldn't ' 5. Nobel Prizes are awarded B a. Alfred Nobel. b. in Sweden and Norway. c. have got a Nobe! Prize. d. he didn't want to be remembered as the inventor of explosives.

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testamento cucarachas gusanos

testament paneroles cucs

testamentu labezomorro( ak) har(rak), zizare(ak)

testamento cascudas '1 vennes

e. growths and he thought it was cancer.

TIMPS PERSON OF THE YEAR


Since 1927, Time magazine has produced a cover every December showing aMan (later Person) of th~ Year. Among these figures have,~een world leaders, dictators, villains, anonyrnous soldiers and even non-humans. In 1927, the first Man of the Year cover was dedica,fed to' Charles Lindbergh, the first person to fly solo over the Atlantic Ocean in a single-engined planeo He was only 25 years old, and remains the youngest person to be named Man of the

Complete the sentences according to the texto


l. Man of the Year. 2. 3. 4. 5. was named Person of the Century. was chosen Man of the Year in 1988. don't think Person of the Year is an honour. have only received the title six times.
I

remains the youngest person to be named


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4 Tick (~) the sentences below true (T) or false (F).


1. Lindbergh was the first Man of the Year.
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li

F-.........
"

2. Lindbergh flew over the Pacific Ocean. 3. Stalin was named Man of the Year twice. 4. Person of the Year is always an honourable persono 5. The title was changed in 1999 to Person of the Year.

..".....
".
"

Year until tpday. Mark Zuckerberg,founderof Facebook, The people at Time magazine don't o recent exomPleof Person ofthe Yeor. consider the title as an honour. In their opinion, the Man of the Year is the person with the most influence on world eveJ).ts,for good or bad that year. For example, although they were responsible for the death and suffering of mi~ions ofpeople, Hitler was named Man~ofthe Year in 1938, and Joseph Stalin in 1939 and 1942. In 1982, Time magazine selected its first non-human Man of the Year - the Computer - and in 1988, Planet Earth was chosen. Women only received the title four times until1999 when the title was officiallychanged to Person of the Year. Since then women have only received the title twice more. In 1999, Time # magazine decided to name a Person of the 'Century, and Albert Einstein was chosen.
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personajes monomotor, de un solo

personatges monomotor, d'un sol motor

pertsona ospetsu(ak) motorbakar

personaxes mondmotor, dun s motor

Search on the Internet for information about one of Time's'Person of the Year'.Write a paragraph about the person and read it to the class.

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