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SW: 4810 Research Methods, Data Analysis, and Practice Evaluation II This assignment was part of my Research Methods

class which I had in my junior year. We were given a study and asked to critique it based on several factors. We had to analyze the title, abstract, introduction and literature review, sampling technique, instrumentation, demographics, results, and the discussion portions of the study. The study is to examine the relationship among the offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison, the age of the offender and the perceived level of support, male and female offenders and the mean self-esteem completing the program and offenders years of formal education and the social workers rating of treatment success. The goal of the paper was to make a critical assessment of the study and to ascertain whether the results could be considered reliable and valid. Due to the teachings in this class I was able to critically review the study and the results and make an accurate assessment upon the empirical validity of the study and its usefulness as a baseline for other studies. All effective social work practice is driven by research, from assessment and treatment interventions to macro level policy. The ability to critically interpret the validity and reliability of interventions will be a key in my clinical practice. The competency covered in this paper is competency number 8 which pertains to research in social work practice. Overall, this course had short amount of work, but the work took a good amount of time to get completed. I cannot say I enjoyed this course, but it went by pretty quick. I can also say I have achieved a respectable level of knowledge in the topic of research, particularly on the topic of research methods and data analysis.

Asraa Taleb SW 4810: Research Methods, Data Analysis, and Practice Evaluation II Section 002 9/29/2012

Study Rationale The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship among the offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison, the age of the offender and the perceived level of support, male and female offenders and the mean self-esteem completing the program and offenders years of formal education and the social workers rating of treatment success. Research Questions I. Is there a statistically significant relationship between the offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison? A. Hypothesis: There is a relationship between offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison. B. Null Hypothesis: There is no relationship between offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison but if I find one it probably is a fluke or occurred by chance. Is there a correlation between age of offender and perceived level of support? A. Hypothesis: There is a positive correlation between offenders age and perceived level of support. B. Null Hypothesis: There is no correlation between offenders age and perceived level of support but if I find one it is probably a fluke or occurred by chance. Is there a statistically significant difference between male and female offenders and the mean self-esteem completing the program? A. Hypothesis: There is no statistically significant difference between male and female offenders and the mean self-esteem completing the program. B. Null Hypothesis: There is a statistically significant difference between male and female offenders and the mean self-esteem completing the program but if I dont find one it is probably a fluke or occurred by chance. Is there a statistically significant difference between offenders years of formal education and social workers rating of treatment success? A. Hypothesis: There is a statistically significant difference between offenders years of formal education and social workers rating of treatment success. B. Null Hypothesis: There is no statistically significant difference between offenders years of formal education and social workers rating of treatment success but if I find one it is probably a fluke or occurred by chance.

II.

III.

IV.

Planning Table Hypotheses There is a statistically significant relationship between the offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison. There is a positive Independent Variable Whether the offender has a history of child abuse Dependent Variable Whether the offender returned to prison Statistic Cramers V and ChiSquare

The offenders age

Offenders perceived

Pearsons r

correlation between offenders age and perceived level of support. There is no statistically significant difference between male and female offenders and the mean self-esteem completing the program. There is a statistically significant difference between offenders years of formal education and social workers rating of treatment success

level of support

Gender

Offenders mean selfesteem completing the program

Independent t-test and F test

Offenders years of formal education

Social workers rating of treatment success

Analysis of Variance and F test

Gender Male Female Total

n 428 272 700

% 61.1 38.9 100.0

Age 20-25 26-31 32-37 38-43 44-55 Returning to Prison Yes No M=29.6 Md=31.0 Std=5.6 M=2.9 Md=2.0 Std=.67 187 513 Total 700 167 159 128 163 83 Total 700

n 23.9 22.7 18.3 23.3 11.9 1001 n 26.7 73.3 100

History of Child Abuse Yes No Total Social Workers Rating of Treatment Success Offenders Perceived Level of Family Support

n 322 378 700 M=2.59 Md= 3.0 Std= 1.47 M=2.86 Md=2.0 Std= 1.68

% 46.0 54.0 100.0 Self Esteem Completing the Program Years of Formal Education

Summary Approximately, two thirds of the program participants are men and African American. A little more than half of the participants do not have a history of child abuse and almost two thirds of the participants do not return to prison. Social workers rated the treatment success of the participants as moderate. There is a relationship between offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison. There is no statistically significant relationship between the offenders history of child abuse and returning to prison (Cramers V=.071, p= -.071). As a result, I accept the null hypothesis. There is a positive correlation between offenders age and perceived level of support. I found a negative slight, inconsequential significant correlation between offenders age and offenders perceived level of family support (r=-.030, p=.436). Therefore, I accept the null hypothesis. The age of the offender does not reflect on their perceived level of family support. There is no statistically significance difference between male and female offenders and the mean selfesteem completing the program. I found statistically significant difference (t(698)2.65, p=.008)between male offenders mean self-esteem completing the program (M=30.1) and female offenders mean self-esteem completing the program (M=28.9). Female offenders rated their treatment success higher than male program participants. Therefore, I reject the null hypothesis. There is a statistically significant difference between offenders years of formal education and social workers rating of treatment success. The results of my analyses confirm a slight relation with my hypothesis. I found a statistically significant difference between years of formal education (M=.256) mean scores of their treatment success (F=(5, 694)=.554,p=.735). Therefore, I reject the null hypothesis. The higher level of formal education, the higher rating a social worker gives for treatment success.