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Performance Evaluation of

Series Hybrid and Pure Electric

Vehicles Using Lead-Acid

Batteries and Supercapacitors

INFANTE, William F.

KHAN, Aldrin F.

LIBATIQUE, Nathaniel Joseph C.

TANGONAN, Gregory L

UY, Sherdon Nino Y.

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Outline

Trends

Approach

Results

Use of Supercapacitors

Parameter Space

Regular Route

Summary

Ongoing Research

Traffic Simulations

Accidents

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles Performance Evaluation

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

2

Trends: World Energy Demand The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology

Trends: World Energy Demand

Trends: World Energy Demand The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Source: Chevron (2010): Rise in Energy Demand in different Sectors

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

3

Trends: Rise of Electric Vehicles The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian

Trends: Rise of Electric Vehicles

Trends: Rise of Electric Vehicles The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Source: US Department of Energy, National Renewable Energy Laboratory (and U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics)

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

4

Trends: Dual-Source System Super- capacitors Pb-Acid Controller Vehicle Motor The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Trends: Dual-Source System

Super- capacitors Pb-Acid

Super-

capacitors

Pb-Acid

Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid
Super- capacitors Pb-Acid

Controller

Vehicle Motor
Vehicle
Motor

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

5

Specific Energy [Whr/kg]

Specific Energy [Whr/kg] Trends: Ragone Plot of Devices 10 10 3 2 10 1 10 0

Trends: Ragone Plot of Devices

10

10

3

2

10

1

10

0

10

-1

10

-2

Fuel Cells Li-Ion Ni-Cd Pb-Acid
Fuel Cells
Li-Ion
Ni-Cd
Pb-Acid
Combustion Engines
Combustion
Engines
Flywheels
Flywheels
Super- capacitors
Super-
capacitors

10 1

10 2

Capacitors 3 10 4 10
Capacitors
3
10
4
10

Specific Power [W/kg]

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Source: Ragone Plot of Common Storage Devices (Flynn,

2004)

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

6

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Part 1: Vehicle Simulation Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS)

Part 1: Vehicle Simulation

Part 1: Vehicle Simulation Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output:

Input:

Drive

Cycle

Performance

Simulation

(MATLAB QSS)

Output:

Efficiency

Graphs

Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Simulation Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Simulation Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Simulation Input: Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

7

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Approach: Overview

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Initial

Experiments with

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

SHEV

with supercapacitors

Battery and

Supercapacitor

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: Jeepney Driving Cycle* 12 8 4 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200

Approach: Jeepney Driving Cycle*

12 8 4 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Speed (m/s)
12
8
4
0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
Speed (m/s)
12 8 4 0 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 Speed (m/s) The 2012 IEEE

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Time (s)

*Source: UP National Center for Transportation

Studies (Philippines)

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

12

Approach: Driving Cycles 12 8 4 0 Jeepney Driving Cycle* 0 200 400 600 800
Approach: Driving Cycles 12 8 4 0
Approach: Driving Cycles
12
8
4
0

Jeepney Driving Cycle*

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 12 8 4 0 0 200 400 600
0 200
400
600
800
1000
1200
12
8
4
0
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200
Speed (m/s)

Regular Route

12

8

4

0

0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200
0
200
400
600
800
1000
1200

Multi-agent

Simulation

Time (s)

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

13

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: PEV with supercapacitors w_wheel w_wheel w_trans w_gear v dw_wheel dw_wheel dw_trans dw_gear P_EM P_SC

Approach: PEV with supercapacitors

w_wheel w_wheel w_trans w_gear v dw_wheel dw_wheel dw_trans dw_gear P_EM P_SC U_SC dv T_wheel T_wheel
w_wheel
w_wheel
w_trans
w_gear
v
dw_wheel
dw_wheel
dw_trans
dw_gear
P_EM
P_SC
U_SC
dv
T_wheel
T_wheel
T_trans
T_gear
Vehicle
Transmission-
Electric
Super-
P_BT
Q_BT
EM
Motor
capacitor
x_tot
V_BT
v dv i x_tot
v
dv
i
x_tot

Driving Cycle

Pb-Acid

Battery

Display:

Battery

Voltage

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

16

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: SHEV with supercapacitors w_wheel w_wheel w_trans w_gear v v dw_wheel dw_wheel dw_trans dw_gear P_EM

Approach: SHEV with supercapacitors

Approach: SHEV with supercapacitors w_wheel w_wheel w_trans w_gear v v dw_wheel dw_wheel dw_trans dw_gear P_EM
w_wheel w_wheel w_trans w_gear v v dw_wheel dw_wheel dw_trans dw_gear P_EM P_SC U_SC dv T_wheel
w_wheel
w_wheel
w_trans
w_gear
v
v
dw_wheel
dw_wheel
dw_trans
dw_gear
P_EM
P_SC
U_SC
dv
T_wheel
T_wheel
T_trans
T_gear
dv
Super-
Transmission
Vehicle
Electric Motor
capacitor
-EG
i
w_wheel
w_trans
w_gear
P_BT
Q_BT
dw_wheel
dw_trans
P_EG
x_tot
x_tot
V_BT
T_wheel
T_trans
T_gear
Transmission
Pb-Acid
Electric Generator
Electric Power
-CE-EG
Battery
w_ctrl
w_gear
Balance
Q_BT
dw_ctrl
dw_gear
P_CE
P_fuel
liter/100 km
x_tot
T_ctrl
T_gear
Display: Fuel
Battery
Combustion
Tank
Consumption
Controller
Engine

Driving Cycle

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

18

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Initial

Experiments with

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

SHEV

with supercapacitors

Battery and

Supercapacitor

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Results: Battery Performance Generic Pure EV Pure EV with Supercapacitors The 2012 IEEE Region 10

Results: Battery Performance

Generic Pure EV

Results: Battery Performance Generic Pure EV Pure EV with Supercapacitors The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Pure EV with Supercapacitors

Performance Generic Pure EV Pure EV with Supercapacitors The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

21

Results: Supercapacitor Performance The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian

Results: Supercapacitor Performance

Results: Supercapacitor Performance The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

22

Results: SHEV Fuel Consumption 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 1000 2000 3000

Results: SHEV Fuel Consumption

30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 Fuel
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
Fuel Consumption (L/100 km)

Time (sec)

SHEV no supercapacitors4000 5000 6000 Fuel Consumption (L/100 km) Time (sec) SHEV with supercapacitors The 2012 IEEE Region

Consumption (L/100 km) Time (sec) SHEV no supercapacitors SHEV with supercapacitors The 2012 IEEE Region 10

SHEV with supercapacitors

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

23

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Initial

Experiments with

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

SHEV

Battery and

with supercapacitors

Supercapacitor

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Results: Battery Parameter Space 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 5000 10000 15000

Results: Battery Parameter Space

30 25 20 15 10 5 0 0 5000 10000 15000 TIme (s) 20 Ah
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
0
5000
10000
15000
TIme (s)
20
Ah
30 Ah
40 Ah
50 Ah
60
Ah
70 Ah
80 Ah
90 Ah
Fuel Consumption (L/100 km)

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

25

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Initial

Experiments with

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

SHEV

Battery and

with supercapacitors

Supercapacitor

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Results: Fuel Consumption 10 8 6 4 2 0 0 3000 6000 9000 12000 15000

Results: Fuel Consumption

10 8 6 4 2 0 0 3000 6000 9000 12000 15000 Time (s) Fuel
10
8
6
4
2
0
0
3000
6000
9000
12000
15000
Time (s)
Fuel Consumption (L/100 km)

Jeepney Driving Cycle9000 12000 15000 Time (s) Fuel Consumption (L/100 km) Regular Route Driving Cycle The 2012 IEEE

Regular Route Driving CycleTime (s) Fuel Consumption (L/100 km) Jeepney Driving Cycle The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

27

Approach: Overview

Approach: Overview Focus Input: Performance Output: Drive Cycle Simulation Efficiency Graphs  

Focus

Input:

Performance

Output:

Drive Cycle

Simulation

Efficiency Graphs

   

Generic Pure EV

Battery and Supercapacitor Performance

Jeepney Driving

 

Effect of using supercapacitors

Cycle

Pure EV

with supercapacitors

 

Generic SHEV

 
 

Extended Jeepney

 

Fuel Consumption

Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Parameter Space Exploration

Extended Jeepney Driving Cycle

SHEV with supercapacitors

Fuel Consumption

Assumed Regular Driving Cycle

Battery and

Initial

SHEV

Supercapacitor

Experiments with

with supercapacitors

 

Performance

Regular Route

Extended Jeepney

 

Driving Cycle

Fuel Consumption

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

Summary

Summary ▫ Supercapacitors reduce the strain in the batteries. ▫ Fuel consumption is improved when supercapacitors

Supercapacitors reduce the

strain in the batteries.

Fuel consumption is improved when supercapacitors are used.

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

29

Ongoing Research

Ongoing Research Part 3: Linking Simulations Input: Traffic Policies Multi-Agent Simulation (NetLogo)

Part 3: Linking Simulations

Input:

Traffic

Policies

Multi-Agent

Simulation

(NetLogo)

Drive

Cycle

Drive Cycle
Drive Cycle

Performance

Simulation

(MATLAB QSS)

Multi-Agent Simulation (NetLogo) Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Multi-Agent Simulation (NetLogo) Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Multi-Agent Simulation (NetLogo) Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs
Multi-Agent Simulation (NetLogo) Drive Cycle Performance Simulation (MATLAB QSS) Output: Efficiency Graphs

Output:

Efficiency

Graphs

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

30

Ongoing Research

10 5 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Speed (m/s)
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5
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1000
1500
2000
2500
Speed (m/s)

Time (sec)

10 5 0 0 500 1000 1500 2000 2500 Speed (m/s)
10
5
0
0
500
1000
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The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles Performance Evaluation
Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles Performance Evaluation

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

31

Ongoing Research

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles Performance Evaluation

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

32

Ongoing Research

Ongoing Research The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON
Ongoing Research The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference: Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

Performance Evaluation of E-vehicles

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

William F. Infante, Ateneo de Manila University

33

Performance Evaluation of

Series Hybrid and Pure Electric

Vehicles Using Lead-Acid

Batteries and Supercapacitors

INFANTE, William F.

KHAN, Aldrin F.

LIBATIQUE, Nathaniel Joseph C.

TANGONAN, Gregory L

UY, Sherdon Nino Y.

The 2012 IEEE Region 10 Conference:

Sustainable Development through Humanitarian Technology (TENCON 2012), November 19-22, Philippines