GLASS INFORMATION SHEET

Glass has been used by humans for thousands of years; the first glass container dates back to 1500 B.C. On a more local level, glass was manufactured near the village of Chiddingford, West Sussex in the 13th century. Glass forms part of our everyday lives, for example: • Transportation - Vehicle windscreens and mirrors. • Health and Living - Food and drinks packaging, lenses, drinking glasses and ornaments. • Construction - Buildings, window panes, insulation and lighting. Did you know? Blue glass should be placed in green glass bottle banks.

Types of Glass
• Container Glass - Bottles and jars. Glass is used widely as a packaging material for food and drink because of its chemical properties. Clear glass is produced from sand, soda ash and limestone. Other minerals are added for coloured glass. • Flat Glass - Windows and car windscreens. • Lead Glass - Drinking glasses, decanters, CRT’s in televisions and medical equipment. • Borosilicate Glass - Ovenware and heat resistant glass, know as ‘Pyrex’. Also used in laboratory apparatus and high intensity lighting. • Glass Fibre - Insulating materials, optical fibres, used in reinforced plastics and cement.

Recycling Glass
• Glass is an ideal material for recycling. It can be recycled over and over again without any loss in quality. • Glass recycling saves energy - When using recycled glass to make new glass less energy is needed in the furnace to melt the ‘recycled glass’. • Glass recycling reduces landfill - Recycling glass can reduce the amount of waste disposed of in landfill sites. If glass is buried in landfill it remains there indefinitely and a resource is lost forever. • Glass recycling reduces quarrying - Raw materials are quarried from our landscape to manufacture glass. Using recycled glass limits the amount of quarrying.

Where can I recycle? • Bottle banks . Gobs are pressed and blown into shape using moulds forming either bottles or jars. As the UK has more green glass in the form of imported wine bottles than can be used domestically. Can I recycle other types of glass? No.Very few district and borough councils currently collect glass from the kerbside due to material contamination and health and safety reasons. Never deposit window glass. It must go to alternative uses. fed into a furnace and melted. Other uses for recycled glass: Mixed glass cannot be used to make new containers because colour purity is essential. Make sure you put the glass container in the correct colour bottle bank. plastics.What can I recycle? Glass. • Household Waste Recycling Sites . glasphalt. Any colour .clear. blue and brown.All HWRS in West Sussex provide bottle banks for all colours of glass. • Once melted the glass is cut into individual pieces called ‘Gobs’. Other uses include fibre glass manufacture and material wool insulation.containers called ‘bottle banks’ are provided by all district and borough councils. How is glass recycled? Glass bottles and jars collected for recycling are transported to a glass treatment plant where contaminants (paper. metal. Recycled glass is used as a road laying material. To make new bottles and jars: • Colour separated glass is transported to a glass works. Glass is crushed and washed. glass crockery and light bulbs in bottle banks. Situated at supermarket car parks and community recycling sites. alternative markets must be found. bottles and jars only. restaurants etc for sale to consumers. pubs. • Bottles and jars are filled with food and drink. • Up to 90% cullet is mixed with raw materials (sand. green. limestone). • Kerbside recycling collections . CHECK WITH YOUR LOCAL COUNCIL. soda ash. Taken to retailers. September 2006 . Glasphalt contains about 30% recycled glass and it has been estimated that approximately 14 million used glass bottles make up the M6 motorway. pyrex. organics etc) are removed. The recovered glass is known as ‘cullet’.