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Poem: A Tailor, a cobbler, a policeman

Justification based on pedagogical principles and purpose with reference to the primary English language curriculum.

We have selected this poem that we believed are suitable to be used for year 3 pupils. These poems are intended as nursery rhymes. We choose this particular simple poem so that we can fully utilize the pupil's particular strengths and previous knowledge in supporting the lesson and thus make it more meaningful and have a great impact. We also hope to build a concrete fundamental learning concept on the pupil's prior learning, which may have taken place outside the school. Normally the short poems was set to music or meant to be sang. Music is highly memorable and motivating. By conducting the activity of singing in the class can definitely induce their spontaneous responding and generate their flexibility in singing. i. Proficiency level (Back to basics)

First of all, this poem is suitable for year 3 children as it suits the students' proficiency level. The vocabularies are not too difficult for them to understand. Learning this poem children get to know about the ambition they want to be in the future. They will learn career vocabulary through this song and they ought to know about the job doing by each career. It also satisfies children's natural curiosity about everything new. This poem contain repeated of few words for example "I am a, it enable children to continue with the career vocabulary and they are able to make complete sentence structure about what they do in their difference job. It also allows for the active discovery and

construction of meaning, and lead to the use of language as a vehicle to do things which are relevant and purposeful.

ii. Content (Learning is Fun, Meaningful and Purposeful) According to Raul 2006, in terms of linguistic reasons, poem is indeed useful in learning language. Poem is particularly effective tool for practicing a particular grammatical structure as its nature demands that it can be spoken, repeated, wrestled with, and considered. With each repetition and consideration, the structure becomes more deeply internalized. Therefore, poetry is an excellent resource for structured practice of grammar and an appropriate basis for review Pupils know or at least have some idea of content of the text about this poem. They have some familiar background knowledge

about ambition. The texts of this poem have a connection with students here and now learning context. It will be motivate students to study the literature which is currently being discussed in their society.

iii. Interest (Students s interest, Experiences, Enjoyment) Most importantly, the texts should have the capacity to engage the interest of the student. Interest has to go with motivation, we believe that pupils are motivated to learn this poem and they will have high interest and receptivity of learning language in a fun way. It is important that texts should provide good potential for a variety of classroom activities, in order to give students more chance to gain true familiarity with the poem, for example asking the students to role play the different career.

iv. Resources In addition, the texts of the poem are easily to find in any resources such as extracurricular reading material or any related websites. In another ways, teacher also can try to find the video of the poem and display it in the classroom and students will be very excited and singing together. v. Age Furthermore, it is suitable with the students' age as it is good to instil good values to students when they are still young. For example teacher can use this poem to educate children about the moral values of keeping up with their dream and must believe that their dream will be achieve in one day as they hardworking and did not give up in their life. It is important to ensure the suitableness of a poem by considering the necessaries of developing basic literacy skills as a foundation for young children such as listening and speaking skills. When read aloud a poem, it is rhythm. Young children may not really understand all the words or meaning of the poem but they will feel the rhythms and get curious about what the sounds mean. Furthermore, when young children engage in hands-on activity, it offers a ready-made opportunity both for teacher-student

and student-student interaction. Speaking skills can be enhancing by all means for a meaningful exchange of ideas in these interactions.

Song: A Place on the Farm

Everyone has a place on the farm Everyone does their special part They wake up early with the rising sun Then rest and sleep when the day is done The cows chew grass each day, They give their milk in a special way They make a sound you can hear them say (Sound of a real cow) (Children imitate the sound) On the farm each day (Children imitate sound) In a special way The rabbits play out in the bunny each day, they roll all around in a special way They make a sound you can hear them say (Sound of a real pig) (Children imitate the sound) On the farm each day (Children imitate sound) In a special way The ducks waddle by the lake each day, they wiggle-waddle in a special way They make a sound you can hear them say (Sound of a real duck) (Children imitate the sound) On the farm each day (Children imitate sound) In a special way Chorus The horses clip-clop in the barn each day, they clip-clop and ride in a special way They make a sound you can hear them say (Sound of a real horse) (Children imitate the sound) On the farm each day (Children imitate sound) In a special way The sheep graze in the field each day, they give their wool in a special way They make a sound you can hear them say (Sound of a real sheep) (Children imitate the sound)

On the farm each day (Children imitate sound) In a special way The rooster stands proud on the farm each day He says good morning in a special way He makes a sound you can hear him say (Sound of a real rooster) (Children imitate the sound) On the farm each day (Children imitate sound) In a special way

Justification based on pedagogical principles and purpose with reference to the primary English language curriculum.

A Place on the Farm is a song where the words and phrases in the song are carefully chosen for particular reasons. The song in a nutshell illustrates animals and the sounds they make along with their onomatopoeic traits. Domestic and more known animals (or insects) such as cows, pigs, ducks, horses, sheep and roosters are included.


Content (Learning is Fun, Meaningful and Purposeful)

This song follows some important criteria for songs for primary ESL students for instance; the song contains quite a number of repetitive lyrics. For every animal sound mentioned, there is sure to be repetitions involved. Repetitions are also clearly seen for phrases such as On the farm each day and in a special way. Repetition makes the song memorable, easy to sing and easy to adapt by changing words. It also teaches students what parts of the sentences usually remain fixed and what parts can be replaced with their own ideas. The repetitive patterns are also there for specific reasons to make students memorize and understand the sound of each animal. With every line deeper into the song, students are bound to realize the same pattern registering to them over and over again. Students will be able to seize the possible upcoming pattern and able to predict the later rhymes. The recurring phrases or events can aid students understanding and memory The cumulative aspect of the song makes it easy for students to remember the vocabulary and grammatical structures contained in them. Students find themselves reacting to the recurring rhymes subconsciously by repeating and chanting after them and before realizing it, they are already joining in on the catchy rhymes. ii. Proficiency level (Back to basics) The next criterion to focus on is easy and understandable content used. There are no sophisticated grammar and complicated vocabulary found in the song, only apprehensible ones. The words used are age appropriate and suitable for the students proficiency level. Instead of singing songs with lyrics that contain words

difficult enough to leave them puzzled thus stalling progression, students only have to place all their concentration on singing the song and enjoying it as words are easy enough to be understood. Age-wise, this is a rather suitable song for primary students as it talks about animals and the sounds they make. Students at this age have more or less come in contact with domestic animals before and this song serves as a platform for them to recollect these experiences as well as gain new ones. Some animals in the song such as donkeys and horses are rarer animals if compared with others and most students are most likely not familiar with their real forms. Thus, this song provides the necessary useful materials in terms of animals sounds. The ways animals sound are related directly to their onomatopoeias for example: cow moo moo moo, "duck quack quack quack, sheep meh meh meh, and others. This is a very effective and useful way to teach students how animals make sounds and the correct terms for each and every one of them as students are able to relate noises to words. iii. Interest (Students s interest, Experiences, Enjoyment) When it comes to singing the song, students will realize how fun and enjoyable this can be. This is a song which isnt available for singing ever so boringly only but a lot of fun activities can be added in. For example, students can be divided into groups to represent different animals in the song. When each groups animal is mentioned, they will make sounds accordingly. When fun actions like this are inserted into a song singing session, the lesson automatically becomes more lively and jocund and students are more attracted and interested in it. The melody and rhythm used are also fun, playful and interesting. It is soft and relaxing yet not melancholy so as to turn into boring. These are all criteria which determine a lessons success and students ultimate interest in it.

Song : The Family Song

Ive got a mother a father A sister and a brother Grandma and grandpa And we all love each other This is my, this is my, this is my family. Ive got an uncle named Jimmy and an aunt named Jane And a cousin named Jenny Who flies a plane.

Justification based on pedagogical principles and purpose with reference to the primary English language curriculum.

Based on the Malaysian Curriculum Specifications of English for Year 3, one of the most important aspects that a teacher should consider is integrations. The song entitled The Family Song allows a teacher to integrate daily life happenings with the children. The content is one of the important pedagogical principles that should be consider by a teacher. The content of the song reveals the world of self, family and friends which is one of the themes in the curriculum, whereby it allows the young learners to differentiate members by relating to their own family. i. Values (Character-building infused)

Even though being a blues genre song, the word choices in the lyrics like mother, father, brother, sister, uncle, aunt, grandma and grandpa repetitively, allows the learner to develop intra- personal qualities. As they would know the people around them, like in the song which consists of the family tree, it is good to instil good values and helps them to realise the relationships among family members and coherently develops inter personal traits for instance respect to the elders. By all means, this song allows the childrens intra and inters personal development contently. Songs can truly cultivate the purpose of teaching moral values.

ii. Proficiency level (Back to basics)

Furthermore, this song is suitable as it suit the students' proficiency level because the length and complexity of the song is simple and the language level is easily to understand with repetitive language work best for young learners. If students know more than 75% - 80% of the vocabulary, they may gain confidence in their ability to understand the song and enjoy on learning the language through singing. iii. Interest (Students s interest, Experiences, Enjoyment) Indubitably, a successful learning should consider learner needs and interest. Children's literature is produced largely with a child's interest and needs in mind, one that deals honestly with children. A writer of children literature recognizes the differences in the children's psychology, needs understanding and interests of the various

developmental levels. Every people has a different needs and interest. We choose this song because we believe that this song is accomplish with the children needs and interest. This song is suitable choice for Year one student to learn on it as it would interest the student to enjoy the song as they can sing it and learning about family character which is familiar to them. iv. Age In addition, it is suitable with the student's age as it is good to instil good values to students when they are still young. For this age, the child's mind is not just impressionable but also stores experiences capable of building up associations when properly stimulated. v. Resources Last but not least, the resources of the songs are also easy to find on any reliable website or any books as references. it is important that appropriate resources and materials are used with pupils of different learning capabilities so that their full potential can be realized.