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2012

Lantmteriet

Our mission
Lantmteriet contributes to the building of a sustainable society and economic development by creating the pre-requisites for: Forming and developing real property and Swedens infrastructure. Buying and selling real property. Searching for, nding and using geographic and real property information. We do this in collaboration with others in the public and private sectors both nationally and internationally. Lantmteriet maps Sweden We have been mapping Sweden since 1628, demarcating land and property boundaries and guaranteeing the security of ownership.

Contents
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The Director General's review Aerial photographs of Sweden historic and modern Artic maps portal Height data a lift for climate change studies Pollution of watercourses is investigated Accurate steering of machinery The Southwest Link a giant project Access to land for broadband Co-operation with China Co-operation project in Albania Modernised real property registration in Azerbaijan Place names a charged subject

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New management support system for land registration First version of e-application in use Collaboration results in better access to geodata More efficient processes through collaboration Collaboration with largescale geodata Important events during the year Quick Facts A new approach to recruitment Client Surveys Statistics Organisation Results

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A particular source of satisfaction for me when I read the different texts in this annual report is the extent to which Lantmteriet functions as a catalyst: helping establish contacts between different disciplines and functioning as an interfaces between different sectors of Swedish society, both public and private. This is the case, for example, with large infrastructure projects for which we provide survey data, specialist services and technology. We are currently providing services in connection with land acquisition, easements and security of tenure at the preparatory stages of the extension of the national broadband networks and for the major cadastral procedures that are required in connection with the expansion of the national grid. On another level, for example, we provide cadastral services for the registration of easement agreements for the right to take water from a neighbours well. Lantmteriet is also a primary source of geodetic data for positioning services and for a wide range of cartographic products. Collaboration and co-operation have long been the basis for a large part of our activities. Let me give some examples. We actively participate in the work of the E-delegation, and the issues that are currently of interest in that context are closely linked to the development work that we do as a specialist government authority. In almost all of our activities, we collaborate both locally with local authorities concerning geodata and nationally for example with colleagues at the National Board of Housing Building and Planning concerning the development of simpler and more rational planning and building processes. Perhaps a more exotic example is our co-operation with other countries to create a common geographic database for the Arctic. The Arctic is only one of several international projects in which we are involved. An organisation needs both technical and organisational development. During 2012, several major change processes were initiated. They included the launching of the rst stage of a new management system for land registration. The availability of a digital application and handling system is an important and unique component in the new system. As a consequence of this Lantmteriet will be better equipped to work more efficiently and further improve service. A question that we have asked ourselves is what do we need to do to make Lantmteriet an attractive workplace. It is vital that we act quickly to recruit replacements for the large number of staff members who are reaching retirement age. During the autumn we started a new, internal training programme Lantmteriet Academy. The programme, which is planned to continue for several years, will focus on introducing and training newly recruited staff to methods and routines as professional cadastral surveyors. We have also developed an internal career path for this group. To conclude: great deal has happened and has been done at Lantmteriet during 2012.
The Director General's reView 6 The Director General's reView

The Director General's review

Bengt Kjellson, Director General

Aerial photographs of Sweden historic and modern


In 2012 Lantmteriet could celebrate 75 years of aerial photography of Sweden. The rst cartographic activity for which aerial photography was used was production of the national Land Use map series. The date was 1937.
Lantmteriet has more than one million analogue aerial photographs in its archives. Nowadays, all aerial photography is digital and every year approximately 33 percent of Swedens total area is photographed from a ying height of 4 800 m. In addition, a number of towns and cities are photographed from a height of 2 500 m. Lantmteriets older imagery shows what society looked like at the time when the photographs were taken, says Mikael Johansson who is production manager, and adds that it is even more exciting when the older photographs are compared with the newly taken imagery and the major changes that have taken place can be seen. Places where previously there was no building development can have become housing areas, new city neighbourhoods have been developed, some forest areas have increased and others have been cleared and signs of industrial activities have disappeared. These sorts of changes can be discovered or conrmed. Historic aerial photographs are also valuable for evaluating how earlier activities can have impacted on the environment. The photographs reveal where, for example, there may have been petrol stations, vehicle scrapping yards, refuse dumps, gravel pits and oil depots. This is important information for planning development of new housing areas on such abandoned sites and the possible need for cleaning up. Scanning Lantmteriet continues to scan the historic imagery to make it more accessible and easier to use in a digital format. Approximately 96 000 negatives had been scanned by the end of 2012. The current rate of scanning is approximately 21 000 negatives a year.

Facts and about aerial photography The most common area of use for Lantmteriets aerial photography is mapping. Aerial photographs are also used for search services, such as hitta.se and Eniro. Normally, the order of 25 30 000 aerial photographs are taken every year. During 2012 Lantmteriet took 44 000 aerial photographs, of which 9 000 were taken along the Swedish coast in connection with a maritime boundary investigation. Some of the ways in which historic aerial photography can be used Searching for pollution from industry and dumps for cleaning up and restoring land. Studying changes in vegetation as a consequence of climate change. Evaluating the productive capacity of a forest area and studying tree growth under different periods of time. Following up changes in water levels.

These photographs were taken over Limhamn in Malm in 1955 and 2012 respectively. On n, on the left in the photograph, there were previously only industrial buildings, but they have now been replaced by housing development.

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Artic maps portal


The Arctic region is well on the way to having its rst, common map portal for geographic information. The portal has been commissioned by the Arctic Council. Lantmteriet has played a signicant role in the project management and as chairman of the technical working group.
Lantmteriet and Statens Kartverk in Norway have been the driving force behind the project. Our previous EUsupported projects for creating a geo graphic database for the Barents region led us to believe that we could use similar methods for the Arctic, says Ove Palmr who, together with a Norwegian and Canadian colleague, formed the manage ment group. The Arctic is not unknown territory, on the contrary, large volumes of information have been collected through the years, but in most cases, the data sets have been used in specic projects and by individual nations. Member nations participate The infrastructure for geographic information that is being created is the rst of its kind, a circum polar SDI (spatial data infrastructure) with focus on Arctic. In addition to Sweden and Norway personnel from national mapping authorities in Canada, Russia, USA, Finland, Denmark including the Faroe Islands and Greenland and Iceland. All of the members of the Arctic Council participate. Getting all the technology to function is not the most difficult part, instead the main problem has been to reach agreements between the countries concerning the sharing and use of data.
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On the technical side we have progressed so far that we have begun to reconcile what we have achieved in different countries in the technical working group, says Lantmteriets Fredrik Perster, who leads the group. We will supply a background map and a metadata catalogue with the information in the respective countries as the starting point. Thereafter the SDI will be continuously expanded with new information. After 2013,Arctic SDI will move into the administrative management stage but as yet no decision has been made concerning responsibility. For the environment research When the portal becomes operative, the objective will be to make it easier for researchers and organisations, who are interested in the Arctic, to access correct maps and other geographic information that is regularly updated. Authorities, seats of learning and private persons also belong to the target groups. The portal will make things easier for decision makers. The intention is to make monitoring of the environmental and climate impact easier and more exible than was the case previously, says Ove Palmr.

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Height data a lift for climate change studies


Airborne laser scanning of Sweden for the creation of the new national elevation model has been in progress for three years and by the end of 2012 70 percent of the country had been scanned. Coastal strips have been completed as well as almost the whole of southern Sweden. The parts that remain are the mountains and areas close to the mountains.
Elevation data is of great value in many elds such as building planning and various infrastructure projects. The principal purpose for the new elevation model that the government instructed Lantmteriet to create is to contribute to research on the potential impact of climate change. The data has already been used, for example, for identication of areas in the country which could be negatively affected by possible climate change. Sweden sometimes suffers landslides. By analyzing Lantmteriets elevation data the Geological Survey of Sweden (SGU) has found traces of around 2 000 landslides and several more ravines. Most of the landslides that were identied have occurred in the southwestern part of the country where there are many clay areas. If there is climate change, with increased rainfall, there will be an increased risk for landslides in these areas. We have been able to study the areas where the risks are greatest and now we are waiting for more elevation data from Lantmteriet to be able to continue, says Mats Engdahl of SGU. Basic data for risk assessment The Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB) has pointed out areas where the consequences of large scale ooding can be serious for the population, the environment and economic activities. MSB has produced new, detailed ood-hazard maps for these areas using, amongst other information, elevation data and water ow calculations. This work will be completed early in 2013. Elevation data from the new, national elevation database will make possible production of better basic data for risk assessment and planning basic data that can be used by local authorities, county administrative boards and regions, says Barbro Nslund-Landenmark, who is an expert at MSB.

Facts The elevation model is created using data from the airborne laser scanning. The ying height is approximately 2 000 m. Laser pulses are sent from a sensor in the aircraft and the time taken for the reected pulses to return to the aircraft give the height value. The result is a point cloud in which every point has an x and y co-ordinate and a height value. The accuracy is 20 cm.

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This landslide took place in Smrd 2006.

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Pollution of watercourses is investigated


Since mid 2012, Lantmteriet and the Swedish Meteorological Institute (SMHI) have run a project aimed at forming hydrographic networks at a scale of 1:10 000. Currently there is a demand from, amongst others, local authorities and county administrative boards for more information about Swedens lakes and watercourses.
The intention is that the information should be collected at one place and be adapted to other types of data. This will result in rationalisation and will simplify work in the environmental sector. The project will now receive nancial support from The Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency amounting to SEK 1 000 000 per year for the period 20132015. This is, of course, something that we in the project group are pleased about. The major driving force behind the work we are doing is that we know that it is something that is of great value for Swedish society, says Maria Lundstrm, from Lantmteriet who is the project manager. A pilot project is in progress Methods have been developed in the project for classifying lakes and watercourses as unique objects and creating networks. This makes it possible to follow the ow of water and substances transported in it. It will be possible to add data on area, water depth, water volume, direction of ow and drainage areas to every object. If a watercourse is polluted by an environmentally hazardous discharge it will be possible to calculate the rate of spreading and dilution. A pilot project is being carried out in the Emn drainage area in Smland.

Lakes and larger watercourses are classied as unique objects. The pink lines in the photograph show the direction of ow and link all lakes and watercourses in the drainage area. This means that it is possible to follow the ow and matter suspended in the water and evaluate the consequences of, for example, a discharge of chemicals.

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Accurate steering of machinery


The new stretch of the E4 road past Sundsvall is a large on-going project. The bypass will be 20 km long, of which 17 km will have motorway standard. Five new interchanges and thirteen bridges will be built. The biggest bridge will be 2 109 m long, including connections, and will go over Sundsvallsfjrden.
Using modern surveying technology, satellite data and Network RTK, specially adapted for use in the project that has been provided by Lantmteriet, it is possible to carry out the survey work and steer the road construction machinery with high accuracy. All parties who are involved in the Sundsvall project are using similar equipment and obtain corrections via Lantmteriets Swepos service. One of the major challenges is building the bridge across the bay. Accurate positioning data is of critical importance for construction work involving long distances across water. From a quality perspective it is positive for the whole project that we use this technology, says Conny Mller of the Swedish Transport Administration. Sensors on buckets and blades Excavators and graders are lled with sensors on buckets and blades and in the operators cabin there is a GNNS receiver. The machine operator gets clear instructions about the work to be done on his monitors and can see exactly where he is. He also gets information about, for example, how deep he should excavate or how thick the roadbed should be. We dont have any accurate gures regarding how much money we save by using project-adapted Network RTK, but we do know that we have a technology that functions extremely well, says Per Isaksson from the Swedish Transport Administration. The infrastructure project will cost approximately SEK four billion and is expected to be completed by 2015.

Facts Swepos is a network of xed GNSS stations and is operated by Lantmteriet. Data from Swepos is currently used for precise navigation, detail surveys and for steering machinery as well as for scientic studies such as movement in the earths crust. During the year the network has been expanded with 25 new stations and at the end of the year comprised 266 reference stations. The Swepos network was densied with three new reference stations for the Sundsvall project. The distance between reference stations is now approximately 10km against the normal 70 km. This means that positioning uncertainty has been reduced from 2530 mm to 1015 mm. The acronym GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) is used for all satellite-based systems. Currently, both the American GPS and the Russian GLONASS systems are used in Swepos. Lantmteriet has operated the Swepos Network RTK service since 2004. The service has over 2 000 users in Sweden and is currently the largest service for accurate GNSS positioning in the country. Accurate steering with swepos 16

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The Southwest Link a giant project

Access to land for broadband


The goal for the Swedish broadband strategy is that 90 percent of all households and businesses in the country should have access to broadband with a transmission speed of at least 100 megabit/s by 2020. When the broadband network is extended land is needed for both new masts and the emplacement of ber-optic cables. Therefore, a successful extension presupposes that network operators must gain access to land in an efficient way. During the year, the government gave Lantmteriet the task of reviewing how land issues can be efficiently and rationally handled in connection with the extension of the broadband networks. This will entail, amongst other things, examining at the processes that are involved together with the operators, the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions and other stakeholders. Questions that need to be answered include: what is the current situation, and where do the problems lie. Issues that need to be examined include agreements for access to land, utility easements and permission to dig the trenches. The task given to Lantmteriet also includes looking at how current legislation can be used to improve the processes. The group involved in the work is made up of several specialist, cadastral surveyors and lawyers and it has begun its work. Bjrn Bodin, who is a cadastral surveyor, is project manager.

The Southwest Link is part of a project to extend and guarantee the legal security of the Swedish electric power transmission network. Lantmteriet has a key role in this work. The legal security of 420 km of power transmission lines between Hallsberg and Hurva will be guaranteed by the establishment of utility easements. Twelve cadastral surveyors from different offices in southern Sweden are involved in the project.
The Southwest Link will strengthen the electric power transmission network in southern Sweden and also facilitate the transmission of power between Sweden and Norway. Work has begun on the southern section through Smland and down to Skne where the cable will be located in underground trenches. This section will be completed in January 2015. Lantmteriet plays a central role since it is vital that we have access to properties, says Lars Palmqvist, Svenska Kraftnt. The government has taken a decision on concessions, which means that landowners who own land through which the cable trench will be dug cannot obstruct the work. If it is not possible for Svenska Kraftnt to sign a voluntary agreement with a landowner, Lantmteriet will carry out a valuation of the encroachment on the property. In many projects that involve utilities Lantmteriet takes decisions regarding easements which will apply for all time. Lantmteriet also takes decisions regarding access to all properties and how that should be done. There is also a need for consultations with County Administrative Boards, local authorities and others during the course of the work and Lantmteriet arranges meetings with the involved parties. This is done at the same time as Svenska Kraftnt signs agreements with the 1 200 landowners and begins digging in the cable in trenches. Lantmteriets project manager is Bjrn Bodin, from the Vxj office. We have chosen to carry out the work as a project in order to be as efficient as possible. Our main challenge is to see that all pieces are in place in time, without compromising quality, and to communicate in a clear way with many different stakeholders. To a large extent, cadastral surveying involves legal issues and communication.

Facts Easements are created through a cadastral procedure, which makes it possible to use a persons land for utilities. Their purpose is to make basic functions in society, such as electric power, telephone services, district heating, broadband, water and sewerage, available for all. The establishment of an easement means that both operators and landowners have a legally secure, long-term and cost-effective solution.

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Co-operation with China


Lantmteriets rst project in China dates back to the 1990s and since then co-operation has continued. Our continued presence has given results and today we are assisting China with real property issues.
Two years ago, Lantmteriet signed a cooperative agreement with the Ministry of Land and Resources, the rst stage was a month-long training programme with a cadastral focus, which was carried out during the autumn of 2011 at Lantmteriets headquarters in Gvle. A follow-up and evaluation was then done in Peking during the spring of 2012, which resulted in additional training being carried out in Sweden. During a three-week period 20 Chinese colleagues were given an insight into how the Swedish land survey organisation functions. It has been an interesting experience, says Latmteriets Stefan Svenson. From a technical point of view, activities in China are extremely advanced and, in some cases, they have left us behind. But our strength is that we have experience and are good at teamwork. They are interested in our experience and in learning how to work across provincial and organisational boundaries. There is also an interest for models for conict management. Want better order A major challenge in China, according to Stefan Svenson, is the very rapid urbanisation and the ight from and depopulation of rural areas. Physical planning is rather brutal. It is more difficult to keep track of rights when an area expands almost out of control. In China, all land is state owned but most frequently houses are privately owned but protection for existing rights is not effective. The Chinese cadastral surveyor wants better order regarding ownership issues and is interested in the legal framework concerning the methods for real property formation and registration of title that we have here in Sweden.

Co-operation project in Albania


During the year, an IT project that was carried out together with our sister organisation Immovable Property Registration Office (IPRO) was completed. A new project was started at the beginning of 2013 and will continue for two years. We will help Albania bring order to its real property register and real property information, says Peter Wasstrm, who is coordinator for the Albanian project. The main focus of the new project will be as follows: Improving the capacity of Albpos (Albanias system equivalent to our Swepos). Updating and improving the quality of information that is collected from the rst registration of real property in rural areas. Strategic planning and business models to make it possible for IPRO to become a selfnancing authority.

Modernised real property registration in Azerbaijan


During the autumn, Lantmteriet started a project in Azerbaijan for the development of legal and technical frameworks for real property formation and valuation. Together with our sister organisation in Latvia, we were awarded an EU twinning contract to provide support to Azerbaijans State Committee for Land and Cartography with its development work. The project will focus on supporting the development of a homogeneous, integrated, cost-effective national real property registration system in Azerbaijan. It also includes the formulation of a set of regulations and the development of methods for real property valuation. Lantmteriet's Zoia Faraj will be stationed in Baku during the full implementation of the project with responsibility for co-ordinating Lantmteriets activities. My role is to act as advisor during the implementation of the project and to support planning and co-ordination of project activi ties to ensure that we hold delivery times. The project comprises, amongst other activities, the following: To review the existing organisation and regulations and present recommendations for improvements that will facilitate the development of a functioning real property market. To support the development of suitable methods for the collection of data and for valuation. The practical training of personnel. Prepare technical specications for a general-purpose real property register.

Urbanisation in China is both rapid and widespread. Competition regarding access to land is intense at the same time as processes for handling land issues are inefficient. Chinese authorities are very interested incooperating with Swedish counterparts, particularly regarding these issues. Skyline over Hongkong.

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Place names a charged subject


Disputes as to whether the place name, Ven, should be spelled with or without an h have ared up with full force during 2012 and the nal decision will now lay with the government. It is difficult to predict which place names are experienced as being wrongly spelled or unsuitable, says Annette Torensj, a place names specialist at Lantmteriet.
Annette Torensj and her colleagues at the Place Names Authority answer questions about place names every day and most frequently get a positive response from people who contact them. A new tendency that became noticeable during 2012 was, however, that the majority of those who ask for changes to be made to a place name lodge an appeal if their request is not granted, says Annette Torensj, who thinks that a likely explanation is that those who contact us do not look upon a decision by a government authority as nal. All decisions can be reviewed and sometimes changed. In principle, we expect that an appeal will be lodged against all decisions that are negative from the applicant point of view, says Annette Torensj and adds that this has resulted in that the reason for every No is explained in detail. Modern Swedish must be used With regard to the dispute surrounding the spelling of the name of the island, Ven, Annette Torensj says that the legal situation is crystal clear. A place name is a word in the Swedish language and shall follow established linguistic rules for modern Swedish. Everyone should be able to write it without any specialist knowledge. Emotional signicance Annette Torensj feels that the reason why discussions about place names can often be volatile is because they awaken emotions in many people. They represent memories and traditions and also our growing up is linked to place names, she says. Important to nd the correct location in emergencies During 2013 the Place Names Authority plans to increase the number of place names in gazetteers and other publications. We will do this to make it easier for rescue and emergency services to nd locations more easily in emergency situations, says Annette Torensj.

Facts Lantmteriet is the national Place Names Authority and is responsible for approving most of the names on maps in the national map series and in the Real Property Register. The Swedish place names register contains 966 621 linguistically checked and approved place names. 150 place name cases were completed during the year. These cases require a considerable amount of research and sometimes result in a formal decision. The majority of cases are, however, the thousands of questions about place name that are received via email, telephone and in letters.

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New management support system for land registration


During 2012 development work to provide support for registration has continued with unreduced intensity. It is being done within the framework of the so-called registration programme that includes development of e-application and management support. The old mainframe computer environment will be abandoned and a modern management system will be introduced.
A digital process that included a transaction register and scanning of all incoming transactions was taken into use at the end of 2011. Ways of working and other routines are successively being adapted to a paper-free process. During 2012 staff have, however, worked simultaneously in both new and old environments. This, together with a number of technical problems, resulted in a temporary increase in queue days for incoming transactions. The average queue time during the year has been 28 days. Overtime and extra personnel in the form of special task force was brought in at the beginning of September to help reduce the number of queue days. By the end of the year the number of days was down to seventeen. This is in good agreement with the target of 15 days that we set up in August, says the head of the division, Inger Lindhe and adds that we have now set our sights on 10 days by the end of February 2013. Development work during the year has primarily been focused on support for handling registration transactions. Development of the new management support system for site leasehold and registration of ownership has begun. The nal delivery of the new management system for title registration transactions is planned for March 2014. All transactions to a single address Because all transactions will be digital, all land registration offices will be able to access the transaction queue, which will mean that the pre-requisites have been created for receiving all applications at a single point and one address. To be able to offer our clients the use of a single address is important for the whole of Lantmteriet. A project was started at the end of the year to nd a suitable solution.

First version of e-application in use


In October, the rst version of a service for e-applications for certain registration transactions was taken into use. This is a web service which clients can access by connecting and logging in. At the end of the year, test connections were made to a number of banks. Some transactions have been handled fully electronically from application and preparatory work to decision and nalisation. The main transactions that are handled are registration of ownership and mortgages. The possibility to make e-applications will have a positive effect both for clients and for us, as we will avoid a great deal of manual work involving paper documents, says Mats Snll, Lantmteriet. He said that banks and estate agents can connect to the e-service which means that it will also indirectly have benets for private persons. Most transactions involving private persons mortgages and registration of ownership are submitted to banks. Vimmerby Sparbank submitted the very rst e-transaction during the autumn of last year. It was easy to use, says Annika strand at Vimmerby Sparbank.

Facts The types of transaction that it will be possible to submit as an e-application are: Registration of ownership and site leasehold. New mortgage. Cancellation of mortgage. When fully complete, the e-application service will reduce handling times for on-going transactions at banks, increase the quality of applications and result in a most effective workow and decrease postal costs, cost of envelopes and handling at both banks and Lantmteriet.

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Real property units are formed and changed through a cadastral procedure. This is Lantmteriets main activity. Cadastral procedures often involve providing support to a landowner who wishes to develop his property or collaborate with other landowners concerning common utilities such as road and water and wastewater facilities. During 2012 just over 15 000 cadastral procedures were completed.

More efficient processes through collaboration

Collaboration results in better access to geodata


The government has given Lantmteriet the national responsibility for co-ordinating activities in the geodata sector. The responsibility embraces developing and managing the national geodata infrastructure together with central and local government authorities, the county administrative boards and other semi-official organisations.
The goal is that it should be easy for all users to nd and use geodata. This can be achieved through common methods for organising, building up, managing and facilitating the use of geodata. A well functioning geodata infrastructure will create a platform on which to develop new e-services, which will result in better service for the general public and the private and the public sectors. Over 100 participants in the Geodata Collaboration Agreement The Geodata Collaboration Agreement is an agreement through which authorities have access to geodata made available by different producers through a single source. All central and local government authorities, as well as other semi-official organisations can opt to be included in this collaboration. Currently, 119 parties participate in this collaboration, all of whom have access to all of the geodata. Sixteen of the signatories to the agreement are organisations that make their own geodata available. During the year, 78 organisations, 76 of them local authorities, have joined the geodata collaboration.

Lantmteriet and the Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning are currently collaborating within the framework of a common development programme, Co-ordination of detail planning and real property formation (SPF). The purpose of the co-ordination is to increase the efficiency of the detail planning and real property formation processes and thereby speed up the implementation of land development projects. During 2012 the focus of the programme has been on: The quality of detailed development plans should be such that it should be possible, within current regulations, to take decisions regarding sub-division into real property units and on facilities and easements. Detail planning and real property formation

should be carried out concurrently in a digital environment. The Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning has presented the report Harmonising local authorities planning work in a digital environment. The report was prepared as part of the SPF programme, in consultation with the Swedish Association of the Local Authorities and Regions and the County Administrative Boards. The government instructed the Board and Lantmteriet to follow-up and implement the ndings and recommendations in the report. The result has been a sharpening of the denition of how a servicebased exchange of information within a coordinated process for detail planning and real property formation can be carried out. The development programme will continue until 2015.

Collaboration with large-scale geodata


A close collaboration between Swedish local authorities and Lantmteriet started in 2011 with the main aim to reach agreement regarding the content and quality requirements for future homogeneous large-scale geodata. The result will be data specications for buildings, addresses, place names, orthophotos and elevation models, together with other topographic information. For each theme there will be documentation describing how metadata should be presented and how collaboration in collecting, storing and making data accessible should be organised. The overarching aim is to contribute to simplifying and rationalising planning, real property formation and the handling of building permits done by authorities, and also to be benecial for both the private and business sectors. During 2012, activities have included: Deciding which geodata themes should be given priority in the future work. Beginning the project Homogeneous reference system 2013, which is aimed at assisting local authorities and to speed up their work to adopt the new, homogeneous, national reference systems in x/y and z, (SWEREF 99 and RH 2000). Evaluating the possibility of creating a pilot map service.

Geodata Geodata is information that has a geographic link and includes, for example, map data, information about buildings from registers, hydrography, infrastructure, vegetation cover and census statistics.

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Important events during the year


Advanced training programmes started During the autumn of 2012 Lantmteriet introduced a completely new type of training directed towards both newly employed and more experienced staff Lantmteriakademin. One of the aims is to give newly employed cadastral surveyors a training which quickly introduces them to the practical aspects of their profession: the handling of cadastral transactions in a rational and legally secure manner. Geodata for research, training and cultural activities The Swedish Research Council nances use of geographic information by colleges, universities and cultural institutions. The aim is to make it easier for students and researchers to use geographic information. Those seats of learning that sign an agreement with Lantmteriet can offer their students and researchers free access to a large volume of maps, aerial photographs and height data. The service was launched during the autumn and by the end of October 20 colleges and universities had signed agree ments. In addition to these users, a number of cultural institutions, principally museums, have signed agreements. Up to and including December, approximately 50 000 downloads had been made. Collaboration concerning the digital cadastral index map Following consultations with the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions, Lantmteriet will assist local authorities to implement the transition to use of the national digital cadastral index map. The transition shall be completed by December 31 2017 at the latest. During 2012, a joint working group was formed. The group has started its work. Revised geodata strategy The national geodata strategy has been revised during the year. The strategy is the platform on which we build a well functioning
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infrastructure for geodata in Sweden. It clearly identies targets and denes directions for the work to make Sweden's geodata accessible. The strategy has been formulated in cooperation with Swedish organisations that are responsible for providing geodata, parties involved in geodata co-operation and other affected organisations. Electronic application system became operative During 2012 a system for electronic registration of title transaction applications became operative and is now used by banks and other professional bodies. New super camera for aerial photography During the autumn, Lantmteriet took delivery of a new, advanced camera for aerial photography. The images are larger, have higher resolution, are easier to interpret and have a better colour registration than in our earlier cameras. The camera will be taken into use during the 2013 air photo season. Investigation concerning access to land The government gave Lantmteriet the task of investigating how issues related to access to land in connection with the extension of the broadband network could be handled in a in a more efficient way. Intensive exchange of ideas In September, all staff members who have responsibility for human resource management within Lantmteriet met in Gvle. At the meeting Lantmteriets senior management presented the new, overarching strategic plan which will apply from 2013 and for the ve following years. The main purpose of the meeting was to discuss and exchange ideas as to how we should work to reach the new strategic goals. The 170 participants presented a total of 2 009 suggestions. The materials will be analysed and used in different ways in the continuing work.

Quick Facts
Lantmteriet is a government authority and is responsible to the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs.  O ur annual turnover is approximately SEK 1.8 billion. Slightly less than 70 percent of our revenue comes from fees and other payments. We have a staff of just over 2 000 employees at 70 locations throughout Sweden. Lantmteriet has three divisions, which have responsibility for cadastral services, title registration and geographic and real property information (geodata respectively). Our major clients include the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, the Swedish

Transport Administration and the Swedish Armed Forces. Our overall largest client group is banks and local government authorities. Private persons are also an important client group.  Through a framework agreement with the Swedish International Development Authority (Sida) and a number of EU twinning projects, Lantmteriet is engaged in the export of products and services. During the year we have carried out projects in Albania, Azerbaijan, Bosnia, Botswana, Georgia, Jordan, Kenya, China, Namibia, Serbia and Belarus.  The turnover for our export of products and services during the year was SEK 54 millions.  During the year we completed 15 017 cadastral procedures and registered 758 794 title transactions of which title registration and mortgages were the dominating categories.  30 of the cadastral procedures have been for 3D property formation and Lantmteriet has formed 16 tenant-owned properties during the year.  14 124 new properties have been registered in the Real Property Register during 2012.  Airborne laser scanning for the new terrain elevation database has now been carried out for 70 percent of Sweden.  During 2012 approximately 128 000 km2 of aerial photography was own from a ying height of 4 800 m. This is equivalent to 27 percent of Swedens area.  We have been environmentally certicated in accordance with ISO 14001 since 2003.  We have been engaged in mapping Sweden since 1628.

Quick Facts 31

A new approach to recruitment


During past years, Lantmteriet has recruited a total of almost 400 employees to the so-called cadastral surveyor programme. In the spring of 2012 we started the fteenth and last programme. In the autumn of 2012, following extensive development work, we replaced the programme with the Lantmteri Academy.
The Academy offers a number of training options, which will guide newly recruited staff into the organisation over the course of three to ve years. There is a recommended training course through the Academy, but it can be adapted to meet the requirements that individual newly recruited employees may have. Through the possibilities and opportunities that the Academy offers, it can contribute to making Lantmteriet an attractive workplace. Openings for an internal career Lantmteriet is going through a major generation change. Since 2007 average age has decreased and is now down to just over 46. A consequence of the generation change will be, amongst other things, a need to recruit replacements to ll a number of managerial and other key positions. During 2012, a development programme was started to prepare selected staff members for working in that type of position. Our aim has been to always have a pool of around 20 suitable persons who are conceivable candidates for recruitment to senior positions. A career as a cadastral surveyor offers many professional opportunities varying from relatively uncomplicated sub-division procedures to major infrastructural projects. During 2012, an internal career course has been introduced, which offers clearly dened development possibilities for different categories of cadastral surveyors. Competent staff is also recruited externally The personnel and nancial administration services that previously were carried out for Lantmteriet by the Swedish Tax Agency were taken over on June 1st 2012 by Statens Servicecenter. This co-operation has increased. In 2012, an agreement was signed in the IT sector with an external partner who will take over responsibility for Lantmteriets printer/fax/copier equi pment. When this is completed resources will be released for all the tasks both within support and core activities. Healthy employees Absence on sick leave has remained on a stable level. In 2012 it was 3.1 percent of total working hours. This is a slight increased against 2011 but is principally due to a slight increase in long-term absence (more than 60 days).

Absence on sick leave in percent Absence on sick leave as a percentage of total working time Proportion of absence on sick leave that represents a total time of 60 days or more

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2,59

2,72

2,64

2,73

3,10

48,46

42,93

32,16

35,22

40,65

Staff 32

Staff 33

Statistics
Education
Unknown 258 142 Pre upper secondary 3% 4%

Absence on sick leave


Women Men Total

Client Survey
During 2012, we started development work to improve our control and management systems. An important element in this work has been look at how we can measure how our customers see us, in a more efficient way than in the past, and to follow up the results with our balanced scorecard targets as a starting point. We have, during the year, carried out several specic customer surveys: T  he Geodata Portal (questionnaire to those clients who use the portal). Sales of aerial photographs (questionnaire to those clients who purchase aerial photographs). Partner support for geodata products (questionnaire to those clients who purchase geodata products). lantmateriet.se (questionnaire to those who visit lantmateriet.se, for their comments on the site).
Higher education

509 1 111

Upper secondary

2%

1%

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

200

200

External recruitment
200

200

No longer employed
35000 30000

35 000 30 000 25 000 20 000 15 000 10 000 5 000 0

Average salary
Average salary 31 810 SEK/month

150

150

150

150

25000

20000

100

100

100

100
15000

50

50

50

50
Average age

Average age

10000

5000

Women Men

Total

0 Women Men Total

Women Men

Total

Age structure
<25 2529 3034 3539 4044 4549 5054 5559 6064 65 statistiCS 34 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400
Women (1 138) Men (882) Total (2020)
8 8% 7 6 6% 5 4 4% 3 22% 1

Staff turnover

0% 0

statistiCS

2009 2010 2011 2012

35

Organisation
Lantmteriet has three divisions each responsible for one of the following activities. The Cadastral Services Division has responsibility for national cadastral activities. Cadastral procedures include the formation of new property units and making changes to existing property boundaries. The division is also responsible for taking decisions concerning joint properties and easements, including utility easements. The Land Registration Division is responsible for the examination of and registration of title transactions. The transactions contain information about ownership, mortgages and other rights that are then recorded in the Real Property Register. The division also handles stamp duty and charges for handling transactions. The Land and Geographic Information Division is responsible for creating and providing geographic and real property data. The division also carried out standardisation work as well as research and development in geodesy, cartography and geographic information systems. A number of corporate service functions provide specialist services to the whole of Lantmteriet in the areas of economy, human resources, IT, communications and overseas activities. The General Services Unit provides support for the provision of geographic information to the Swedish Armed Forces within the framework of collaboration between authorities. The Board Lantmteriet is led by a board that is app ointed by the government and which has responsibility for the full range of Lant mteriets activities. The Director General is a board member and has responsibility for Lantmteriets everyday activities in accordance with directives from the board. The board shall take decisions concerning rules of procedure and instructions that are required regarding the Lant mteriets organisation. Furthermore, the board shall, amongst its other duties, take decisions concerning Lantmteriets activities plan and regarding issues of fundamental character that that are of particular importance for Lantmteriets activities. The board also takes decisions concerning Lantmteriets annual report, interim reports and budget information Members Hans Sandebring, Chairperson, former Director General of SMHI Bengt Kjellson, Director General Lantmteriet Stellan Lundstrm, Professor, Royal Institute of Technology Helen Olausson, Vice chairperson, 6:e AP Fund Cecilia Hellner, Head, Vattenfall EU Susann Bard, Swedish National Board of Housing, Building and Planning Allan Almqvist, Malm City Planning Office Representatives for staff unions Torsten Svrd, Lantmteriakademikerna Gull-Britt Olander, ST Lantmteri

Management Board The management board is Lantmteriets senior management. Members, front row from left: Anette Norberg, Director, Communications Bengt Kjellson, Director General Marie Lyxell Stlnacke, Director, Human Resources Anna Eriksson, Director R&D/IT
organisation

organisation 36

Back row from left: Christina Wallstrm, DGs PA Anders Sandin, Head, Land and Geographic Information Anders Lundquist Head, Cadastral Services Inger Lindhe, Head, Land Registration Lars Jansson, Director of Planning

37

Results
Results per area of activity. SEK million Cadastral Services Revenue from grants Revenue from fees and other sources Revenue from subsidies Financial income Total revenue Expense Net result Land and geographic information Revenue from grants Revenue from fees and other sources Revenue from subsidies Financial income Total revenue Expenses Net result Land Registration Revenue from grants Revenue from fees and other sources Revenue from subsidies Financial income Total revenue Expenses Net result Repayment services Revenue from fees and other sources Revenue from subsidies Financial revenue Total revenue Expenses Net result Collaboration between authorities Revenue from fees and oter sources Revenue from subsidies Financial revenue Total revenue Expenses Net result Total Revenue from grants Revenue from fees and other sources Revenue from subsidies Financial revenue Total revenue Expenses Net result resultS 38 562,1 1 493,2 19,8 4,0 2 079,1 2 086,5 -7,5 546,7 1 384,6 11,6 2,5 1 945,4 1 867,7 77,7 553,8 1192,3 26,4 1,6 1774,1 1769,4 4,7 73,8 0,0 0,2 74,0 68,8 5,2 70,5 0,0 0,2 70,7 66,1 4,6 401,1 4,6 3,7 409,4 401,2 8,2 239,2 0,9 0,0 240,1 151,6 88,5 43,8 10,1 0,1 54,1 49,6 4,5 116,6 737,5 2,7 0,1 856,8 851,6 5,2 316,6 354,0 12,3 0,2 683,1 704,0 -20,9 128,9 0,7 0,0 0,1 129,7 129,7 0,0 136,6 0,5 0,2 0,0 137,3 137,3 0,0 151,8 0,2 1,4 0,0 153,4 153,4 0,0 299,6 344,1 7,0 1,5 652,3 673,8 -21,5 288,6 371,5 13,6 0,8 674,5 666,9 7,6 110,5 727,0 3,5 0,7 841,7 836,2 5,5 113,3 706,4 1,3 0,4 821,4 833,4 -12,0 2010 2011 2012

Production: Lantmteriet Graphic design: Blomquist Annonsbyr Print: Printed at a climatneutral Company Edita Vsters 2013 Photo: Linda Alfvegren (2, 4, 6, 15, 25, 26, 29, 30, 33, 35, 37, 38), Staffan Andersson/Johnr (cover), Lantmteriet (9, 14, 17, 19), Martin Skedsmo (11), SGU (13), iStock Photo (21), Jonatan Jacobson (23)

Visiting adress Lantmterigatan 2 phone + 46 (0) 771-63 63 63

e-mail lantmateriet@lm.se www.lantmateriet.se

Lantmteriet, SE-801 82 Gvle