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Omar El-Houssami Homework 6 1) a) b) c) d) e) -1.31 -1.75 -2.

17 As the confidence level increases, the size of the critical value continues to increase. As the confidence level increases, the width of the confidence interval would get smaller.

2) a) i) 88% = 0.06 = -1.55 ii) 96% = 0.02 = -2.5 iii) 99.9% = 0.0001 = -3.5 The confidence interval continues to increase, as you increase the confidence level. Above 96% CI, it can be said with a high amount of confidence that the mean for the average amount of time people spent in relationships is around 42.51 months. The margin of error for this interval with the width of 1 year would be 14.6. The sample size should be pulled from a pool larger than 30 to be truly accurate. The necessary sample size would remain at roughly 30. The problem with only sampling the students in those sections, that are either engaged or married would be that they are most likely the minority. The majority of college students are not married, so the data that you would get would be taken from a minority of the true population. Furthermore, it is highly probable that the couples that are in fact engaged or married will have a longer relationship length than those who are not. It was still legitimate to construct these confidence intervals because the mean was accurate in regards to our sample size. Furthermore, the confidence intervals that we found were for said sample size.

b) c) d) e) f)

g)

3) a) i) 88% = 42.51-9.104 = 33.41 Doesnt fall within the new mean of 24.65 ii) 96% = 42.51-14.69 = 27.82 Doesnt fall within the new mean of 24.65 iii) 99% =42.51-20.56=21.95 Does indeed fall within the new mean of 24.65 b) It would be wrong to interpret your confidence interval in such a way because in terms of statistics, we wouldnt use the word chance to describe a confidence interval. Instead of chance we should use the word confidence.

c) This interval would be narrower because of the extra data. The more data that is obtained that supports the mean, the tighter the cluster turns out to be. 4) a) Correct b) Incorrect; It should say that we have 95% confidence instead of 95% of the time c) Incorrect; In statistics, when one is talking about a confidence interval, it should be referred to as confidence instead of probability. d) Correct e) Incorrect; We cant say for sure if 95% of the data is contained in that interval. f) Incorrect; We cant say for sure if 95% of all runners have weight that lies within that interval. 5) a) The sample size should be around 20. b) If we take the random sample size from part (a), the margin of error is calculated to be 0.975 c) If the interval were only required to have a margin of error equal to 2, we would only need a random sample of about 10. d) (293.05, 296.95) 6) a) One-Sample Z: Wait Time The assumed standard deviation = 2.5 Variable N Mean StDev SE Mean 95% CI Wait Time 100 5.460 2.475 0.250 (4.970, 5.950) b) For 95%, the confidence interval is (4.977, 5.943). For 99%, the confidence interval is (4.594, 6.326) c) Yes, using the 95% confidence interval, the bank manager can be 95% confident that the time is less than six minutes. d) No, using the 99% confidence interval, the bank manager cannot be 99% confident that the time is less than six minutes. As it is shown in the interval, 6.326 is at the far end of the spectrum. This indicates that there could be some that are around the low 6.0s. e) I am fairly convinced that the true mean is less than 6, but Im also confident that there are also some outliers present on the outside around 6.