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PERCEPTION OF THE FAMILY CAREGIVERS ABOUT THE ELDERLY IN CATARMAN, NORTHERN SAMAR

A RESEARCH CRITIQUE

Prepared by: GIRAY, GENN CRISTINE M. BSN - 4

Presented to: MARYFLOR L. CAGRO, RN, MAN Clinical Instructor

March 2014

PERCEPTION OF THE FAMILY CAREGIVERS ABOUT THE ELDERLY IN CATARMAN, NORTHERN SAMAR

By: GROUP I ABRAN, Jocelyn V. ADRIATICO, JENELYN P. AGUILANDO, HONEYCA ESPERANZA AQUINO, JUSTINE B. ASINAS, ABEGIEL P. BALAN, ALELI T. BALANZA, LEOVIEH E. BASILOY, PERLIN MAC E. BERNABE, PRINCESS DIANA MAE I. BERSO, JAINE ANGELICA O. BIANES, LAIZZA ZHERRAMAE E. CAADAN, CHRISTIAN JAMES P. CABAGSANG, DESIREE P. CAPETILLO, CLARIZZA FAYE C.

April 2013

Problem: The general problem is clearly stated in a declarative statement form. It is feasible, clear, significant, and ethical. The problem statements are clearly identified by the researchers. The authors evidently differentiated between the general and specific problems. The general problem is stated in declarative statement form while the specific problems or sub-problems are stated in interrogative or question form. The specific problems asked provided answers to the general/main problem. The problem is practical in nature since the researchers aimed at finding out the perception of family caregivers about the elderly in the municipality of Catarman, Northern Samar. The problem and its background are justifiably presented in the study. The study is conducted with the purpose of establishing positive image of the elderly because they deserve quality care and equal opportunities from the different members of the society. The researchers primary concern in this study is the quality of care that the caregivers are rendering to the elderly and how the College of Nursing can help improve the quality care towards elderly. The significance of the problem is convincing and realistic. The researchers supplied good details for this section. The researchers stated a lot of beneficiaries in the study. Purpose: The purpose of the study is clearly and concisely stated. The researchers believed that the findings of this study is significant to the elderly, family caregivers, nursing students, colleges of nursing, local government unit and rural health unit. The study is made for a course requirement in partial fulfillment for the degree Bachelor of Science in Nursing.

Review of the Literature: The literature review is specific to the purpose of the study. It did not include a general background material. The research study has ample of literature reviewed. Based upon the bibliographies, the study includes books, professional journals and magazines, electronic sources and endnotes. The authors/researchers are authorities in their field. The researchers are nursing students who belong to the Chrysoprase 2013. They are trying to evaluate the perception of family caregivers about the elderly to the prioritized 16 out of the 55 barangays of Catarman, Northern. The study includes both current and older information. The oldest literature used was published on 2002 and the most current literature used was published on 2009. Conceptualization: In the conceptualization of plan authors are able to strive for objectivity of the study because of well defined problems. The concepts of the authors are well defined stating what they wish to do in their study. The concept is clearly understandable stating what to be studied. Concepts of the study are relevant and do answer the general problem of the study. Design of the study: The study show evidence of thorough planning using descriptive correlational survey method to give full description of the respondent in all the statistical treatments based on questionnaire. The study was original and was made in order to determine the perceptions of the family caregivers about the elderly in Catarman, Northern Samar. All the steps or scientific method were included and can be replicated by other researcher.

The instrument used was valid and reliable and was revised accordingly adopted and modified from Agus, ML study titled Community Health Nurses and Family Members Perceptions of the Elderly in the Province of Northern Samar, Proposed Health Teaching Plan(1996). During the study, privacy had been observed for the protection of the rights of the respondents. Hypothesis: The researchers state the hypothesis clearly formulating one hypothesis in the study. The hypothesis is theoretically based; it is based on Madison (2002) theory of evaluation which has five components adopting that of Shadish, Cook, and Leviton (2002) such as the theory of knowledge, value, use social programming, and practice. The hypothesis states a relationship between variables containing the demographic data of the respondents. The researchers are able to identify the variables in determining the hypothesis. The hypothesis was defined in operational term using Slovins formula. The question is clearly stated and does specify what the researcher wishes to do. The question was worth of study to help improve the knowledge of those in nursing profession of the needs in the community and how to effectively render care to the elderly population. The question was stated in operational term and can be measured through nonparametric test. Methodology: The researchers have defined the population specifically. The statistical test used is the Slovins formula to establish if there was relationship between the demographic profile of the family caregivers to their perceptions about elderky. The researchers did not report any biases in the study. The researchers used a valid reliable instrument.

Analysis of Data: The results of statistical test were represented correctly in tabular form. The findings and the data were interpreted. Age and relationship with the elderly had no significant relationship with perceptions of the family caregivers where as gender,educational attainment and length of service had a significant relationship in terms of biologic aspect. The tables were setup correctly and each contents and their description were consistent that makes them understandable. Conclusions: The conclusions are supported by the data concluding that the profiles of the respondents did not have an effect to their care rendered to the elderly in terms of the psychosocial aspect of the elderly. On the other hand, only educational attainment had an effect to the care rendered by the family caregiver to the elderly in terms of the biologic aspect of the elderly. The conclusions were stated clearly and concisely based from the data and tables presented. Miscellaneous: The identified strengths of the research study are: it has clear and simple title; the problem is feasible, clear, significant and ethical; it has a well-defined introduction that is crucial for the readers to easily understand the study; it has a good theoretical framework and a conceptual framework as well. Good and understandable grammar was observed. The identified weaknesses are: it lacks parts of methodology which is imperative in the development of the study; and it does not directly suggest its implication.