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Automatic Transfer Switches

Automatic Transfer Switches When a generator set is installed to automatically provide standby power in the

When a generator set is installed to automatically provide standby power in the event of mains failure, a load transfer panel or automatic transfer switch is required. The transfer panel is designed to sense when the mains has failed, signal the generator set to start, switch the load from the failed mains to the generator set and then switch it back after the mains is re- established. See below.

Automatic Transfer Switches When a generator set is installed to automatically provide standby power in the

Function of a Load Transfer Panel

MTi Load Transfer Panel

The MTi Load Transfer Panel is a microprocessor based control system that is designed to work with Autostart Control Systems (2001, 4001, 4001E, 6101, 6201 and Access 4000 Series) to form an automatic mains failure system. Only a two wire interconnection is necessary between the generator set control panel and the MTi panel making the installation very simple. The two wires are identified for all FG Wilson Autostart Control Systems as:-

MTi C/O System Panel

2001 series panel

4001 Series panel

4001E series panel

7 & 24

8 & 24

7 & 24

7 & 24

 

MTi C/O System

Access 4000 series

6101 Series panel

6201 series panel

Panel

panel

7 & 24

5 & 24

13 & 93

7M & 90

General Operation

When the micro controller is operating correctly the green heartbeat LED will flash. The MTi changeover system monitors the mains voltage, if the control system detects that the mains supply voltage has fallen below a predetermined setpoint a timer is enabled, 2MT (mains fail timer). Also the corresponding red LED will illuminate to indicate the phase on which the undervoltage was sensed. If the mains is still below the setpoint when 2MT has timed out then the MTi will open the mains contactor to disconnect the mains from load. Then the N/O contact will close to link the two wires of the generator control system autostart (as shown above). The generator will start and once up to rated speed and voltage a timer will be enabled, AT. AT is the alternator timer which will time out and then allow the generator contactor to close, the load will now be supplied by the genset.

The MTi will still monitor the mains for when it returns. As soon as the mains returns and is above a healthy level setpoint, 1MT (mains return timer) will be enabled. If the mains is still

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present and within limits after 1MT times out the generator contactor will open to disconnect the

present and within limits after 1MT times out the generator contactor will open to disconnect the genset from mains. DBT (Deadband Timer) will now start to time and once complete the mains contactor will close reconnecting the load to the mains again. The genset will continue to run, due to ROT (run on timer), this is enabled as soon as the generator is taken off load and the purpose of this is so that the genset is allowed some time to run with no load for cooling purposes. Once ROT has timed out then the N/O contact connecting the two autostart wires will open and the generator will shut down awaiting the next mains fail.

Timer Settings

 

There are 5 main timers used on the MTi PCB. These are:

 

Timer

Timer

Timer details

Timer

Default

name

function

range

Settings

2MT

Mains fail

Time from mains failure to the issue of generator

1s – 60s

6s

timer

start signal

AT

Alternator

Time from generator available to generator contactor

0s – 60s

6s

timer

close signal

1MT

Mains return

Time from mains available to generator contactor

2m40s –

2m40s

timer

open signal

28m

DBT

Dead band

Time between generator contactor open signal and

0s – 15s

7s

timer

mains contactor close signal and vice versa

ROT

Run On

Time from generator contactor open signal to gen

3s – 8m

45s

Timer

stop signal

The timers are changed using on board DIP switches SW1 and SW2 and are defined according to the diagram below.

present and within limits after 1MT times out the generator contactor will open to disconnect the

Procedure for changing the timer settings

  • 1. Remove all power from the board.

  • 2. Insert LINK 4 for 10 seconds to reset system.

  • 3. Set timer DIP switches as required.

  • 4. Remove LINK 4 and reconnect power to board.

Optional Remote Status Indication LED’s:

If fitted, this option allows a remote indication of the status LED’s that are mounted on the MTi panel. A 10 way ribbon cable connected to connector EC11 on the MTi PCB sends the appropriate signals to a matching status display PCB

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Mains/Generator voltage level threshold

Mains/Generator voltage level threshold The MTi allows the mains and generator fail/return points to be set

The MTi allows the mains and generator fail/return points to be set on site without the use of variable AC supplies. This is done with use of a calibrated multimeter and applying the measured DC values to an equation to calculate the exact AC setpoint.

There are six potentiometers on the PCB called MA, MB, MC, GA, GB and GC. These pots are for adjusting the setpoint for each phase sensed from the mains and generator. The fail setpoint is set typically 10% lower than the rated line to neutral voltage. The return setpoint is then automatically set for 4.5% above the fail point. To give an example:

If the voltage system was 415/240v the fail point would be 240 x 0.9 = 216v. The healthy return point would then be 216 x 1.045 = 226v.

Procedure for setting mains/gen threshold

Mains

  • 1. Connect a calibrated DC meter test points PHA and GND. (see diagram over)

  • 2. Adjust pot MA to bias measured DC voltage to desired level based on the formula V DC = (V ac x 0.028) – 0.361

To carry on the example we were required to set the fail point for 216v, this would equate to a dc voltage of 5.687v.

  • 3. Repeat for phase B & C using test point PHB and pot MB for phase B, use PHC and MC for phase C.

Generator

  • 1. Connect a calibrated DC meter test points GENA and GND.

  • 2. Adjust pot GA to bias measured DC voltage to desired level based on the formula V DC = (V ac x 0.028) – 0.361

  • 3. Repeat for phase B & C using test point GENB and pot GB for phase B, use GENC and GC for phase C.

Control Switches

The main control switch on the front of the panel has three positions:-

AUTO – The normal position for automatic operation.

TEST WITHOUT TRANSFER – For testing the generator set without connecting the load. This switch will start the generator immediately.

TEST WITH TRANSFER – For testing the generator set with the load connected. This switch simulates a mains failure by disconnecting a phase from the PCB and the MTi will operate as for a mains failure.

In addition to the main control switch there is a “Control Bypass” key switch for use by service personnel only. In the “normal” position the MTi operates normally. The other two positions allow for the service personnel to manually connect the load to the operating generator set or

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to the mains supply. This switch would be used if the MTi PCB has been damaged

to the mains supply. This switch would be used if the MTi PCB has been damaged or the timer settings are to be changed.

Status LED’s

The front of the door has the status LED’s, maintenance switch and main control switch. There are four status LED’s as shown. Pressing the Lamp Test Button, located on the front of the door, will illuminate them for testing.

to the mains supply. This switch would be used if the MTi PCB has been damaged

MTi Series Load Transfer Panel Status Display

Item Description

  • 1. “Mains Available” Status LED

  • 2. “Mains on Load” Status LED

  • 3. “Generator on Load” Status LED

4. “Generator Available” Status LED 1 6 2 3 5 4 7 8 Item Description Item
4.
“Generator Available” Status LED
1
6
2
3
5
4
7
8
Item
Description
Item
Description
1
Link 4 – Timer reprogramming
5
2
MA, MB & MC
6
3
GA, GB & GC
7
4
Mains test points PHA, PHB &PHC
8
Gen test points GENA, GENB & GENC
GND Test Point
Voltage selector link 2
Voltage selector link 3

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