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electronic rifle sights

According to statistical data millett scopes on main modern wars, rifle bullets account for a restricted percentage of war casualties, unlike artillery that appears because the most lethal weapon. In current asymmetrical wars however, the use of heavy calibre indirect fire systems is very limited due to the rules of engagement that require practically zero collateral damage. Fighting a non-uniformed opponent that can switch from being peaceful a farmer into a fierce fighter in just seconds by simply grabbing a nearby AK instead of a farming tool is probably the main problems encountered by Nato soldiers in Afghanistan.

A n o t h e r t y p i c a l a t t i t u d e o f t hose lawless fighters is that they pretty often hide within the local population, which is actually a major obstacle to the usage of indirect fire. Bit by bit the assault rifle has regained its status of dominant weapon on the battlefield together with light and heavy machine guns. Boosting the accuracy of direct fire small calibre weapons has thus became a priority for a variety of reasons: the better accurate the fire, the greater the effectiveness and the lower the collateral damages. A side effect is it also reduces the logistic burden. The latter has not yet only an effect on the soldier himself (whose ammunition load would last longer or, conversely, who might bring with him less ammo--definitely not an option for the majority of soldiers), but lower ammunition consumption even offers a beneficial impact on the logistic chain, specifically in areas where resupplying is often difficult and highly risky, as exemplified by Afghan forward operating bases.

Although suppressive fire will always be used to force an opponent to "keep his head down", accurately aimed fire can considerably increase firepower effectiveness. Nowadays most if not completely soldiers are armed with an assault rifle equipped with an optical sight of some kind, usually holographic for close quarter battle, optical without having magnification with red dot for standard distances, and optical with many magnification and reticle for much longer ranges. Distance is definitely a magic word when shooting as evaluating range remains probably the most difficult things to do. If at close range correction is of limited use, the longer the range the more important a precise evaluation of the shooter to target distance becomes to guarantee optimal accuracy. This is why snipers operate being a. We pushed every thing towards the limit to create the actual VX-3 in the actual home in your favorite rifle, whether you are hunting whitetail from the treestand, or even stalking sheep in two-man team, one of the roles of the spotter being to build the accurate range, possibly using an instrument such as a laser rangefinder (LRF). The need for increasing accuracy at medium to long range is clear considering that many armies are introducing the designated marksman in their infantry sections, usually furnished with a 7.62 mm rifle provided with an optical sight by using a medium accuracy. Accurate shooting with rifles became a military skill with the Rifle Regiments in the British Army in the Napoleonic wars. The Actual percussion cap and also Minie conical ball gave the actual (muzzle-loading) rifle for you to every infantry soldier within 1853. The Particular infantryman rammed a new paper cartridge along the muzzle replaced his ramrod, and primed his rifle as being a drill, typically standing.Even machine guns are actually equipped with various optical sights, depending on their calibres.

That happen to be also in a position to evaluate the crosswind along the bullet path, though in order to further improve the accuracy of the aforementioned weapons some initiatives happen to be taken, especially those that promote the development of sights that are not only able to study the distance in the target as a result of a laser rangefinder. These sights have yet to be available for operational duties and definately will certainly be assigned only to long-range snipers. Integrating a laser rangefinder right into a sight is one thing much more viable, and such an alternative has already been adopted by numerous telescope producers for the hunting world, while their utilization in the military is still restricted. As for machine guns, some manufacturers active in the production of automatic grenade launcher fire control systems have extended the scope of this equipment to heavy machine guns, integrating 12.7 mm rounds ballistic tables into the system computer.


L o c k h e e d M a rtin Mission Systems & Sensors is doing work in parallel on two programmes aimed at increasing the shooter's accuracy, both involving range measurement and crosswind measurement. The first contract was awarded to in 2008 by Darpa and is recognized as One Shot, the system intent being "to allow snipers to hit targets with the first round, under crosswind conditions, up to the utmost effective array of the weapon" as outlined by a Darpa document. During Phases 2 and 1 Lockheed Martin developed a brassboard system that consisted of a downrange crosswind measurement unit and a dedicated riflescope. The spotting scope acquired the target and pointed the laser, measuring the normal downrange crosswind profile, range to the target, spotter scope position, target heading, air temperature, pressure and humidity. The device was tested up to 1,100 metres and in 5 to 8 metres/second average crosswinds. The obtained data was used to calculate the ballistic solution for a 7.62 mm round and supply the offset in the dedicated millet riflescope whose red cross shows the newest aiming point to be used. The lightweight Class 3B eyesafe fibre laser system used in the One Shot was developed by Aculight, which was acquired by Lockheed Martin in 2008. This system measures wind speed and direction based upon light returns from particles between the shooter and the target. It can measure crosswinds at ranges in excess of 2,000 metres. The icing around the cake is the laser works with a frequency-hopping method to be invisible to laser detectors, the frequency

band being of course classified.

I n P h a s e 2 E ( E n h a n c e d ) L o c k h eed Martin is transforming its technology demonstrator into a deployable system that can consist of three items: an internal Spotter Scope (ISS), a Spotter scope Display Assembly (SDA) plus a Riflescope Display Assembly (RDA). According to the data provided by Darpa the ISS will have a maximum weight of 3.75 kg and definately will have a x12-x40 zoom allowing target identification at 1,500 metres in daytime and 800 metres during the night, the same ranges being needed for wind profiling with crosswinds between and 15 metres/second. As the ISS has only a spotting scope to aim it to the target, the SDA two-inch screen enables the spotter to view day imaging from your optional digital camera and night images utilizing the intensification or thermal sensors. Being wired to the ISS, the SDA display will likely show the goal point offset coordinates and range, and definately will allow to ascertain if the laser beam is aligned about the target by monitoring the return signal strength. The shooter's "terminal" will be the RDA, a standalone modular assembly that may display not just the red cross but additionally a confidence metric within the shooter's millet riflescope, and will receive the data from the ISS due to a wired or wireless link. Its maximum weight is set at .5 kg, and it needs to be installable onto 50 and 56 mm diameter sighting scopes. All systems will be powered by CRI23 batteries. The Main One Shot must provide a hit chance of over 60 per cent at 90 percent of the weapon's maximum effective range, the machine being planned for use with 7.62x51 mm, .300 M and .338 LM rounds, the quantity of rounds to acquire a first hit being estimated at lower than 2.5, while a chance to first hit must be below 60 seconds. Concerning unit price, estimates place it at around $100,000 for the 15 prototype systems, but $75,000 dollars is forecast for any batch of 100 systems, which would be further reduced to around $40,000 if 1,000 systems are acquired. Prototypes are expected for evaluation in mid-2012.

Experience garnered using the One-Shot enabled Lockheed Martin to obtain a second contract for a shorter range all-in-one system intended this time for the basic soldier. The new development was introduced by Darpa following interest expressed by the services which is aimed at replacing Aimpoint and Trijicon Acog sights on assault rifles. Known in the Darpa community since the One Shot XG (for next generation) and as Dingo at millett scopes Lockheed Martin (for Dynamic Image Gunsight Optic), the company started the Phase 2 which was to bring to your demonstrator in July 2012 (at time of writing). The brand new system will measure all relevant physical phenomena that influence the ballistic trajectory and rapidly calculate and display the offset aim confidence and point metric within the shooter's riflescope. A day-night sight, the Dingo will automatically calculate the product range and will digitally zoom upon it according to the distance. As in usually the one Shot the laser emitter will be used both for ranging and for evaluating crosswind strength. The Dingo's maximum operational range will be of 600 metres. Not any other metrics are yet available.