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EPT 312Vibration and Mechanics of Machines Lab 2: Free Vibration

Laboratory Module

Lab 2
Free Vibration

1. OBJECTIVE 2. INTRODUCTION 3. COMPONENT AND EQUIPMENT 4. PROCEDURE 5. RESULTS 6. DISCUSSION / EVALUATION AND QUESTION 7. CONCLUSION

LAB 2 Free V !r"# $%


1. OBJECTIVE To study free vibration and to calculate Natural An ular Fre!uency" #n and Natural fre!uency fnof si$%le rod &ith s%rin and load usin 'E!uivalent (yste$ Method)* 2. INTRODUCTION 2.1 B"& ' T(e$r) * N"#+r", $&' ,,"# $%

E-PERIMENTAL .Re,"#e/ 0$r1+," (ettin u% the e!uation of $otion involves for$in the e!uilibriu$ of $o$ents about the %ivot %oint + of the bea$

The s%rin force Fc is the result of the deflection , and s%rin constant c* For s$all an les" the deflection can be for$ed fro$ the torsion and lever ar$ a

The $ass $o$ent of inertia of the bea$ about the %ivot %oint is

This ives the e!uation of $otion in the for$ of the follo&in ho$o eneous differential e!uation

The solution obtained ta-es the for$ of har$onic oscillation &ith natural an ular fre!uency # n and natural fre!uency f: Equation 1 & 2

2 0= 3ca 2 , f = 0 mL2 2

The %eriod is Equation 3

T=1/f
c . - . s%rin constant /N0$$1

T2EORITICAL .Re,"#e/ 0$r1+," 3 E4"15,e.

2onsider the above fi ure" iven i* ii* iii* iv* Find: i* ii* Natural an ular fre!uency of the syste$* # n Natural fre!uency of the syste$* f n $ass of rod A+3 . 45 is rod center of ravity $ass of 3 . 2 (%rin constant 61 . 7 -N0$ and 62 . 8 -N0$

S$,+# $% 6

General equation of natural frequency given by:

EPT 791 Mechanics of Machine Lab 4: Free Vibration

Laboratory Module

Note : i* :ou need to co$%are the natural fre!uency bet&een e,%eri$ental and theoretical* The result should be al$ost the sa$e or ive only s$aller different*

3.

COMPONENT AND EQUIPMENT

Data:

TM 155 Free and Forced Vibration Apparatus

1. Springs constant , c = k1 = 3.0 kN/m k2= 1.5 kN/m 2. B am ! ig"t = 16#0 g 3. B am $ ngt" = %30 mm Safety Instruction: &" '(ipm nts )o( ar (sing ar pot ntia$$) *ang ro(s. +o( ar strict$) r '(ir * to ,o$$o! t" proc *(r s o(t$in * - $o!. Do not mak an) (nn c ssar) actions !"ic" ar not stat * in t" proc *(r . ., not, an acci* nt ma) occ(r. .n cas o, *o(-t, contact t" & c"nician or &raining /ngin r imm *iat $).

4. PROCEDURE

Data: 1. Spring constant ,c = k1 = 3.0 kN/m k2= 1.5 kN/m 2. B am ! ig"t = 16#0 g 3. B am $ ngt" = %30 mm No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. %. #. ;. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Procedure .nsta$$ a spring 0k1 = 3.0kN/m1 at position o, 650 mm ,rom $ ,t - am 0s(pport1. S c(r t" spring !it" $ock n(ts. 2$ign t" - am "ori3onta$$) -) a*4(sting $ock n(t at spring position. 5n t" comp(t r an* Gunt so,t!ar . D ,$ ct - am -) "an*, at t" sam tim start r cor* r. 6 as(r on print * pap r t" *istanc o, 1 c)c$ 0p ak to p ak1. 7rit *o!n in ta-$ 1. 6 as(r t" *istanc ,or # c)c$ s. 8 t t" 9p rim nta$ p rio* 0&1, nat(ra$ ,r '( nc) 0,n1, an* nat(ra$ ang($ar ,r '( nc) 0n 1 ,rom co$$ ct * r s($t pap r. :a$c($at tim ,or # c)c$ s. :a$c($at t" t" or tica$ nat(ra$ ang($ar ,r '( nc), n (sing '(ation 1 :a$c($at t" t" or tica$ nat(ra$ ,r '( nc), , n (sing '(ation 2. :a$c($at t" t" or tica$ p rio* , & (sing '(ation 3 :omp$ t ta-$ 1. S"o! an 9amp$ o, )o(r ca$c($ation in s parat * pap r. < p at 9p rim nt proc *(r ,rom 2=10 ,or spring constant, k 2 = 1.5kN/m an* insta$$ it at position o, 650 mm ,rom $ ,t - am 0s(pport1. :omp$ t ta-$ 2. S"o! an 9amp$ o, )o(r ca$c($ation in s parat * pap r. /n* o, 9p rim nt.

N"1e M"#r 4 N$. D"#e 5. RESULTS

6 777777777777777777777777777777777777 6 777777777777777777777777777777777777 6 777777777777777777777777777777777777

Table 1 (k1= 3. kN!"#

$%P$&'M$NTAL &$()LT
1 c)c$ *istanc on r cor* pap r 0mm1 # c)c$ s *istanc 0mm1 Nat(ra$ ang($ar ,r '( nc), n 0ra*/s1 Nat(ra$ ,r '( nc), ,n 0>31 ? rio* & 0s c.1

T*$+&'T',AL &$()LT
1 c)c$ *istanc on r cor* pap r 0mm1 # c)c$ s *istanc 0mm1 Nat(ra$ ang($ar ,r '( nc), n 0ra*/s1 Nat(ra$ ,r '( nc), ,n 0"31 ? rio* & 0s c.1

=
Table 2 (k2= 1.5kN!"#

$%P$&'M$NTAL &$()LT
1 c)c$ *istanc on r cor* pap r 0mm1 # c)c$ s *istanc 0mm1 Nat(ra$ ang($ar ,r '( nc), n 0ra*/s1 Nat(ra$ ,r '( nc), ,n 0>31 ? rio* & 0s c.1

T*$+&'T',AL &$()LT
1 c)c$ *istanc on r cor* pap r 0mm1 # c)c$ s *istanc 0mm1 Nat(ra$ ang($ar ,r '( nc), n 0ra*/s1 Nat(ra$ ,r '( nc), ,n 0"31 ? rio* & 0s c.1

=
#

6. DISCUSSION / EVALUATION 3 QUESTION 8*1 ;iscuss e,%eri$ental results* :ou $ay use belo& uidelines:

/Include a discussion on the result noting trends in measured data, and comparing measurements with theoretical predictions when possible. Include the physical interpretation of the results and graphs, the reasons on deviations of your findings from expected results, your recommendations on further experimentation for verifying your results, and your findings)

8*2

<ndicate errors durin e,%eri$ent*

8*3 5ive the %ara$eters that influence natural fre!uency for theoretical and e,%eri$ental result*

8*7 <f &e usin different s%rin &ith coefficient" - is less than1*4 -N0$" &hat &ill ha%%en to calculated natural fre!uency=

7.

CONCLUSION

Based on data and discussion, make your overall conclusion by referring to experiment objective.

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