Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 1 of 17

UNI TED STATES D I STR I CT CO UR T SO U TH ERN DI STR I CT O F FLO RI DA CA SE N O.0622128CI VKI NG A LBERTO J U STO ROD RI GUEZ LI CEA , FERNAN D O ALON SO HERN AN DEZ, AN D LU I S A LBERTO CA SAN OVA TOLED O, Pl ai nt i f f s ,

CUM CA O DRYD OCK COM PA NY ,I N C. , a / k/ a CUM CA OSE D OKM AA TSCH APPI JNV , a / k/ a CDM N V, D ef enda nt ,
/ ORD ER D EN YI N G RENEW ED M OTION FO R STAY TH IS M ATTER c om e s bef or et he Cour tupon t he Count r y of Cur açao and t he

Ki n gd o mo ft heNe t he r l a nds 'Re ne we dM o t i o nf o rSt a y Pe nd i ngAppe a l( DE #2 67 ) , f i l e d
J une 1 ,201 2.Ther ei n,TheCount r y ofCur a çao a nd t he K i ngdom oft heN e t he r l a ndsar gue t ha tt heabove s t yl edact i ons houl d bes t a yedpendi ngt heEl eve nt h Ci r cui tCour tofAppeal s ' r ul i ng on t hei r M ot i on f or Re hea r i ng En Ba nc on t he Ci r c ui t Cour t ' s di s mi s s alof t hei r

i nt e r l o c u t or ya p pe a l oft h i sCou r t ' sNo ve mbe r7 , 2011Or d e rg r a n t i ngl i mi t e dj u r i s di c t i on a l
di s c over yt o ve r i f ya l l e ga t i onsofan exce pt i on t ot heFor ei gn Sove r ei gn I m muni t i esA c t ,28

U. S. C. j1 6 02( ( TS I A' ' )a n d as u bs e q ue nto r de rd e n yi ngr e c o ns i d e r a t i o n. Th eCo u r t i sf ul l y

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br i ef e d on t he m a t t e r . lU pon cons i de r a t i on of t he Pa rt i e s'ar gum e nt sa ss et f or t hi nt he pl eadi ngs , t heCour tf i ndst ha tt he Count r y ofCur aça o andt heK i ngdom oft heNet he r l ands' appea li sf r i vol oust o pr ecl ude ent r y ofa s t a y.
1.Backgr ound

Pl ai nt i f f s ar et hr ee Cuba n na t i onal s w ho w er e abduc t ed f r om Cuba,t r af f i c ked t o

Cur a ç a o ,a nd t he nf o r c e dt o wo r ka tDe f e nda n tCu r a ç a o Dr yd oc k Compa n y' s( û s cur a ç a o Dr y d oc k' ' )s hi py a r du nde rde pl o r a bl ec on di t i o ns .Up on a r r i va li n Cur a ç a o , Pl a i n t i f f s
pa s s por t s wer es ei zed.Pl a i nt i f f s,al ong w i t hs c or es of ot her w or ker s,w e r e hel d on t he

gr oundsofCur aça oD r ydock andw e r eonl y al l ow ed t ol ea vet hegr oundsunde rt hegua r d of Cuba n gover nm e ntage nt s. The yw e r ef or c ed t o w or ki ns l ave l i kecondi t i onsf or 11 2 hour s
pe r w ee k,per f or mi ng dr ydoc ks er vi ces on s hi ps and oi 1 pl at f or m s.Cur aça o Dr ydoc k

a d mi t t e ddu r i ngd i s c o ve r yt ha t i t di dno t pa yPl a i nt i f f sd i r e c t l yf o rt he i rs e r v i c e s . ( Es s e rAf f .

!11 , DE # 41 3; He r na nde zAf f . !11 , DE / / 41 4) . I n s t e a d, t hepa yme n towe dPl a i n t i f f swa s
c r e d i t e dt oade b to we db yCub at oCu r a ç a oDr yd oc k. ( Es s e rAf f . ! 11 , DE / / 41 3; He r na nde z

Af f .! 1 1 ,DE # 41 4) .Thi sf o r c e dl a b ors c he me c o n t i n ue df o rape r i o do ff i f t e e n ye a r s
pur s ua ntt oa na gr ee me ntbe t ween Cuba a nd Cur a çao Dr ydoc kt os a t i s f y a debt .Pl ai nt i f f s

s uf f e r e ds e ve r eph ys i c a l , ps yc ho l ogi c a l ,a nde mo t i o na li n j u r i e sa sar e s ul to ft he i rf o r c e d
s e r vi t ude. Event ua l l y,Pl ai nt i f f ses ca ped a nd m a de i tt ot he Uni t ed St a t es .
I n 2006,Pl ai nt i f f sf i l ed s ui taga i ns tCur aça o Dr ydock unde rt he A l i en Tor tSt at ut e,

1 Pl a i n t i f f sf i l e daRe s p o n s e( DE # 2 6 9 )o nJ t me1 5 , 201 2 , a n dTheCo u n t l yo fCu r a ç a o a n dt h eKi n g d o mo f t h eNe t he r l a n dsf i l e daRe pl y( DE # 2 7 3 )o nJ u n e21 , 2 01 2 .

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28U. S. C.j1 35 0( 20 00 ) , a ndt heRa c k e t e e r i ngl nt l ue nc e da ndCo r r u ptOr ga ni z a t i on sAc t ,
1 8 U. S. C.j 1 9 62 ( b)( 2 00 0 ) .Af t e ra d e ni a lofCu r a ç a o Dr y do c k' sM o t i o nt o Di s mi s sf or

f o r um n onc o nv e ni e n s( DE #6 4) ,Cu r a ç a oDr y do c ka ba ndo ne di t sde f e ns eoft hi sl a ws ui t
dur i ng t he di s cove r y phas e,a nd t he Cour tent er ed def a ul taga i ns ti ton t he i s s ue ofl i abi l i t y

o nAu gu s t8 ,20 08. ( DE #1 01 ) . Af t e rh ol di ngabe nc ht r i a lo nd a ma ge si nwhi c hCur a ç a o
Dr ydoc k decl i ne dt oappea r , t heCour te nt er e dFi nalJ udgm e nti nt heamountof$80 mi l l i on

i nf a vo ro fPl a i n t i f f s . Li c e av . Cu r a ç a oDr ydo c kCo . , 5 8 4F. S up p. 2 d1 35 5( S. D. Fl a , 2 008 ) .
Onl a nua r y 5, 201 0, Pl ai nt i f f si ni t i at eds uppl e m ent ar ypr oce edi ngspur s ua nt t oFe de r al

Rul eo fCi v i l Pr oc e d ur e69 ( $2a ndFl o r i daSt a t u t ej 5 6. 29( $3t oi mpl e a dt h ego ve r n me n t s
oft heI s l and Te ni t or y ofCur aça oa nd t heN et he r l a ndsA nt i l l es ,and add t hem a sJ udgm ent

2 Rul e6 9 ( a )p r o vi d e s , i nr e l e v a n t pa r t :

A mo n e yj u d g me n ti se n f o r c e db y a wr i to fe xe c u t i o n,t ml e s st h ec o u r td i r e c t s
ot he r wi s e.Thepr oce dur eon e xec ut i o n- a nd i n pr oc ee di ngss uppl eme nt a r yt oa nd

i na i do f j u d g me n t o r e xe c u t i o n - mu s t a c c o r dwi t ht h ep r o c e d u r eo ft h es t a t ewhe r e
t he c our ti sl oc a t e d,butaf ede r a ls t a t ut egove r nst ot hee xt e nti ta ppl i e s .

Fe d . R. Ci v. P. 6 9 ( a ) ( 1 ) . 3S e c t i o n5 6. 29 ( 1 )p r o v i d e s :

Wh e na n yp e r s o no r e n t i t yh o l d sa nt ms a t i s f i e dj ud g me n t o r j ud g me n tl i e no b t a i n e d u n d e rc h a p t e r5 5 , t h ej ud g me n t h o l d e ro r j u d g me n t l i e n ho l d e rma yf i l ea na f f i d a v i t
s os t a t i ng,i de nt i f y i ng,i fa ppl i c abl e,t he i s s ui ng c our t ,t he c as e num be r ,a nd t he

u n s a t i s f i e da mo u n to ft h ej ud g me n to r j u d g me n tl i e n, i n c l u d i nga c c r u e dc o s t sa n d
i nt er e s t ,a nd s t a t i ng t ha tt he e xe c ut i on i s val i da nd out s t a ndi ng,a nd t he r e upon t he

j u d g me n t ho l d e ro rj ud g me n tl i e n h o l d e ri se n t i t l e dt ot h e s e pr o c e e d i n g s
s uppl e me nt a r yt oe xe c ut i on.

Fl a .St a t .j56. 29( 1 ) .

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De b t o r so na na l t e r e g ot he o r y, ( DE #1 2 0) . OnApr i l 6, 201 0 ,a t t o r ne y GuyHa ni s o nf i l e da

No t i c eo fLi mi t e dAppe a r a nc et oa s s e r t i mmu ni t ya ndc on t e s t j u r i s di c t i o n. ( DE / / 1 27 ) . Th e
f ol l ow i ng week, M agi s t r a t eJ udgeBands t r ahel d a hear i ng,a twhi c hM r .Har r i s on a ppea r ed

a sc o u ns e l o nbe h a l f ofCu r a ç a oa ndt heNe t he r l a nds An t i l l e s . ( DE #1 31 ) . OnApr i l 20 , 2 01 0,
Ma gi s t r a t eJ udge Bands t r a gr a nt e dt he M ot i on i n pa r t ,per mi t t i ng Pl ai nt i f f st oi mpl ead
Cur a çao and t he N e t he r l a nds A nt i l l es ,but f i ndi ng i tw oul d be pr em at ur et or ul e on t he

po r t i o no ft heMo t i o ns e e k i n gt oa ddt h eGo ve r n me n t sa sj ud g me ntde bt o r s . ( DE #1 33 ) .
Cur a çao and t he N e t her l ands Ant i l l es t he n m oved t o di s mi s st he s uppl em ent a r y

pr oc e e d i ngson t he g r o un dt ha tt he ya r ei mmu ne f r o ms ui tun de rt he FSI A.( DE #1 43) .
Speci f i cal l y,Cur aça oa nd t heN e t he r l a ndsAnt i l l esa r gued t hatPl ai nt i f f sha df ai l ed t o pl ead any exc e pt i on t ot he FSI A .The M ot i on t oDi s mi s s was r ef e r r ed t ot he H onor abl e Ted E.

Ba nds t r a. ( DE #1 5 5) . OnDe c e mbe r1 4, 2 01 0, Ma gi s t r a t eJ ud geBa nds t r ahe l dahe a r i ngon
t he M ot i on t o Di s mi ss ,atw hi ch M r .H a r r i s on appea r ed a s couns elf or Cur aça o and t he

Ne t h e r l a ndsAnt i l l e s . ( DE #1 64 ) . OnM a y27 , 2 011 , t hi sCo u r t e nt e r e da n Or d e ra f f i r mi ngi n
pa r tM agi s t r a t eJudgeBands t r a' sR&R on t he M ot i on t oD i s mi s s, f i ndi ng t ha tPl ai nt i f f shad f ai l e d t o pl e ad a Se ct i on 1 61 0 e xce pt i on t o t he FSI A , and di s mi s s i ng Pl ai nt i f f s '

s u ppl e me nt a r yp r oc e e di n gswi t h ou tpr e j ud i c et of i l ea n Ame nde d Mot i ont o Co mme nc e Pr o c e e di ng sSu p pl e me n t a r y. ( DE #1 8 0) .
Les st ha nt w o m ont hs l a t er ,Pl ai nt i f f sf i l ed t he Am ended M ot i on t o Am e nd t he Ca pt i on a nd A dd t he Suppl em e nt alD e f e ndant sasJ udgm e ntDebt or sor ,i nt heA l t er na t i ve,

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t o Ta ke S pe c i t i cDi s c o ve r yf r o mt he S u ppl e me n t a lDe f e nd a n t s .( Am.Mo t i o n,DE #1 8 3 ) .
Ther ei n,Pl a i nt i f f ss oughtt o add t he K i ngdom of t he N et her l a nds a nd t he Count r y of

Cur a ç a o 4 a s j u dg me n t de b t o r s . Al t e ma t i ve l y, pl a i n t i f f ss o u g ht l i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i ona l d i s c o ve r y
t o ve r i f yt he f a ct s al l eged i ns uppor tof a Sec t i on 1 610 e xce pt i on t oi m m uni t y.Pl ai nt i f f s

al l eged t he f ol l ow i ng i ns uppor toft he Am ended M ot i on.

l n1 9 83 ,Cur a ç a ot o o kc on t r olo ve rCu r a ç a oDr yd oc k. ( Am. Mo t i o n! !2 2, 32 ,DE
#1 8 3 ; Ho ppe l De p.3 9: 1 -20 , DE #1 8 48 ) . Aso fAug us t200 9,Cu r a ç a oo wne d5 0% oft h e
s ha r e sofCur a çaoD r ydoc k. Theot he r50% w asow ne d by CDM Hol di ng N . V. - acom pa ny

t ha ti so wn e d1 0 0 % by Cur a ç a o. ( Am. Mo t i on ! 2 3, DE #1 8 3 ) . By 201 0 , t heNe t he r l a nd s Ant i l l e so wne d3 0% o fCu r a ç a o Dr y do c k ,a nd Cu r a ç a oo wne dt her e ma i ni ng 70 %. ( Am. Mo t i o n ! 28 , DE #1 8 3) . Unt i lOc t ob e r20 07 ,Cu r a ç a o Dr yd oc k he l db a n ka c c ou n t swi t h
Cha s ei n N ew Yor k.Cus t om e r s of Cur aça o Dr ydock l oca t ed i nt he U ni t ed St at e s wi r ed

pa yme n t st o Cur a ç a o Dr y do c k' sba n ka c c o un t sa tCha s ei n Ne w Yor k.( Am.M o t i on ! !

3 3 -3 4,DE #1 8 3) . TheGo v e r nme nt sc ur r e nt l yus eba nk a c c o un t si nt h eUni t e d St a t e st o
o pe r a t eCu r a ç a o Dr yd oc k. ( Am. Mo t i o n !36 , DE #1 8 3 ) . Cu r a ç a o us e sGi r ob a nkN. V. f o r
t he com m e r ci albus i nes sofCur aça oD r ydock.Gi r oba nk N . V .i sa bank l oc at ed i n Cur a çao

4On Oc t obe r1 0,201 0,apol i t i ca la ndcons t i t u t i o na lr ea l i g nm e ntwi t ht heKi ngdom oft he Ne t he r l a ndsoc c ur r e dt ha tdi s s ol ve dt heI s l a nd Te r r i t or y ofCur a ç ao a nd t he Count r y oft he Ne t he r l a ndsAnt i l l e s . A spa r toft hi sr e al i gnment , t heCount r y ofCur aç a o wasc r ea t ed a sa n a ut o nom ousc oun t r ywi t hi nt heKi ngdom oft heN e t her l a nds. Thr oug ht he s t a t ut e se f f ec t ua t i ng t he r e a l i g nm e nt , a1 1c i vi lr i g ht sa nd obl i ga t i ons oft he Coun t r y oft he N e t he r l a ndsAnt i l l esa nd t he l s l a nd Te r r i t or y ofCur a ç ao no tdul ys pe c i f i e d we r et r a ns f e r r edt ot he Count r y ofCur aç a o. The Ki ngdom oft heNe t he r l a ndsa nd t he Cou nt r yofCur a ç a o cont endt ha tt he Count r y ofCur a ça o s houl d now bede e me dt he r e a lpa r t yi ni nt e r es t ,a sl e ga ls ucc es s ort ot hef or me re nt i t i e s .

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a nd owned by Cur aça o. Gi r oba nk N . V .t r a nsa d sbus i nes sw i t hI N G Bank a nd Ci t i bank i n

t heUn i t e dS t a t e sf o rt hec o mme r c i a l b us i ne s sofCur a ç a oDr y do c k. ( Am. Mo t i o n !3 6, DE
f / l s t 3 l . l fl a t t e n be r gM a r i neAs s oc i a t e s , aFl o r i dac o r p or a t i on, i sa na ge n t of Cur a ç a oDr y d oc k i si nt he Uni t e dS t a t e s .( Am.M o t i o n !3 7,DE / / 1 8 3) .Cur a ç a oa nd t he Ki n gdo m oft he
Ne t her l a ndso pe r a t eagove r nm ent owne dpos t a ls ys t e mt ha ti sr e gi s t er edasal i mi t edl i abi l i t y

c o mpa n yi nt heS t a t eofFl o r i da . ( Am. Mo t i o n! ( 3 7, DE #1 83 ; DE #1 8 41 5 ) .
Fort hr ee a ndaha l fm ont hs ,ne i t he rt he Count r y ofCur a çao nort heK i ngdom oft he Ne t her l a ndse ve rr es pondedt o ordeni edPl ai nt i f f sal l egat i onsi ns uppor toft heFSI A Sect i on

1 610e xce pt i on. Eve nt ual l y, onN ove m be r7, 2011, t hi sCour t e nt e r edan Or de rt hat per mi t t ed

Pl a i n t i f f st ot a kel i mi t e dj u r i s d i c t i o na ldi s c o ve r yt od e t e r mi nei f t heCo un t r yo fCur a ç a oo r
t he Ki ngdom oft he N e t he r l a nds us ed as s et st of aci l i t at e Cur aça o Dr ydock' s com m er ci al

o pe r a t i o nss oa st od e t e r mi newhe t h e ra ne xc e pt i on t ot heFSI Ae xi s t s .( DE #1 8 5 ) .I ns o

o r d e r i n g, t heCo ur tf ou ndt ha tPl a i n t i f f sh a ds uf f i c i e nt l y pl e d apr i maf ac i eS ec t i o n1 61 0
e x c e pt i on t ot h eFSI A.( DE #1 8 3, a t5 -6 ) .Thi sCo ur t a l s of o undt ha tu nt i l Pl a i n t i f f swe r e a b l et ove r i f yt h ee xc e pt i onwi t hl i mi t e dj u r i s d i c t i o na ldi s c o ve r y ,i twa spr e ma t u r ef o rt h e

Co u r t t oa d dt heCo u n t r yof Cu r a ç a oo r t heKi ngd o mo f t heNe t he r l a n dsa s j u dg me n t d e b t o r s
o rt oma k eade t e r mi na t i onon s o ve r e i g ni mmu ni t y. ( DE #1 8 3, a t7 ) .
On N ove m be r9, 2011, t heCount r y ofCur a çao and t he Ki ngdom oft heN e t her l ands

f i l e daMo t i o nf o rRe l i e ff r o mt heCo ur t ' so r de rpe r mi t t i ngl i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i on a ld i s c ov e r y. ( DE / / 1 8 6 ) . The r e i n,c o u ns e lf o rCo un t r y ofCu r a ç a oa nd t heKi ng do m oft heNe t h e r l a n ds

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ur gedt he Cour t t oc ons i dera n ext r e m el y unt i m el yr es pons eon be hal fofCount r y ofCur açao
a ndt heKi ngdom oft heN e t he r l ands , and c i t edcouns el ' ser r ort oexc us et het hr eeandahal f -

m ont h per i od dur i ngw hi ch Count r y ofCur açao a nd t heK i ngdom oft heN et he r l andsdi d not

r e s po ndt oPl a i nt i f f s 'Ame nd e dM o t i o n.( DE #1 8 6! !1 -2 ) . Thi sCo ur td e n i e dCo u nt r yo f
Cur aça oa nd t he K i ngdom of t he N e t her l ands' M ot i on f or Rel i ef by a n Or der da t ed

No ve mbe r l 7 ,201 1 .( DE #1 97 ) .Th i sCo ur tt he nd e n i e dr e c o ns i de r a t i o no nt he ba s i st ha t
Count r y of Cur açao and t he Ki ngdom of t he N et her l ands coul d ha ve and s houl d ha ve

pr es ent ed t hei rl e galand f ac t ua la r gum e nt s dur i ng t he t hr eeanda hal f m ont h per i od i n bet w ee n Pl a i nt i f f s'J ul y 18,2011m ot i on a nd t heCour t ' sN ove m ber7,2011or de rgr ant i ng

l i mi t e dj u r i s di c t i o na ldi s c o ve r y. ( DE #1 97 ) .
On Dec em be r9, 2011a nd Dece m be r12, 2011 ,r es pe ct i vel y, t heCount r y ofCur açao,

t heNe t he r l a ndsAnt i l l e s , a ndt heKi ng do m of t heNe t he r l a nd sf i l e dNo t i c e so fAppe a l . ( DE
#20 8; DE # 21 4) . Da ysl a t e r , t heCo u nt r yo fCur a ç a oa n dt heKi n gdo m oft h eNe t he r l a nd s

f i l e dM o t i o nsf o rSt a yPe ndi ngAppe a l . ( DE # 21 6; DE # 21 9 ) . Be f o r et hi sCo u r t e nt e r e da n
or de r on t he M ot i ons f or St a y, t he El e vent h Ci r cui t Cour t of Appea l s di s mi s s ed t he

Go ve r nme n t ' si nt e r l oc ut o r ya p pe a lf o rl a c ko fj ur i s di c t i o n.( DE # 263 ) .Thi sCou r tt he n de ni e dt heMo t i o nsf o rSt a ya smo o t . ( DE #26 5) . Fol l o wi ngt h eEl e ve n t hCi r c u i tCou r to fAp pe a l s 'di s mi s s a lf orl a c kof j ur i s d i c t i o n,
t heGove r nm e nt sm ove df orr e hea r i ng e n ba nc. On J une 1 ,201 2, t heCount r y ofCur açao a nd t heK i ngdom oft heNet he r l andsf i l edt hei ns t a ntRe ne w ed M ot i on f orSt a y Pendi ng Appea l .

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( DE #2 67 ) .
I I.Le galSt andard

Und e rt he Fo r e i g n So ve r e i g nI mmuni t i e s Ac t( $ TSl A' ' ) ,f o r e i g n s t a t e sa r e

p r e s u mpt i ve l yi mmunef r om t hej ur i s d i c t i o noft hec o ur t soft heUni t e dSt a t e s . 28U. S. C. j 1 60 4( $ $ ( A1f o r e i g ns t a t es h a l lb ei mmu nef r o mt hej u r i s di c t i o noft hec o ur t soft heUni t e d
S t a t e sa n do ft he s t a t ese xc e pta spr o vi d e di n( e xc e p t i o nspr o vi de di nl a t e rs e c t i on soft he FSI A) . ' ' ) . The r ea r e , ho we v e r , anumbe ro fe xc e p t i o nst ot hi sp r e s ump t i o no fi mmu ni t y. Se e Bu t l e rv . Suk hoiCo. ,5 7 9 F. 3d 1 30 7,1 31 2 -1 3( 1 1 t h Ci r . 20 09 ) . One s uc he xc e pt i on i st he S s c o mme r c i a l a c t i vi t y ' ' e xc e p t i o n ofSe c t i on 1 61 0 ( a ) ( 2 ) , 5 whi c hp r o vi d e sa ne xc e pt i ont ot he
i m m uni t y ofa f or ei gn s t at e' spr ope r t yf r om at t ac hm entorexe cut i on:

Thepr oper t yi nt heU ni t e d St a t esofa f or e i gn s t a t e ...us e df oracom m er ci al a c t i vi t yi nt he U ni t e d St at es ,s hal lnotbe i m m une f r om at t achm e nti n ai d of

e xe c u t i o n, o rf r o me xe c u t i o n, u po na j ud gme nt e nt e r e db yac o ur t of t heUni t e d
St at e s orofa St a t e ...i f...t he pr oper t yi sorw asus e df ort he com m er ci al ac t i vi t y upon whi c ht he cl ai mi sba s ed.

28U. S. C. j1 61 0 ( a ) ( 2) .

To e xe c u t ej udg me nto nas o ve r e i g n' spr o pe r t yp ur s ua n tt ot heSe c t i o n1 61 0( a ) ( 2)
d s c o mme r c i a la c t i vi t y ' 'e xc e p t i o n,a pl a i n t i f f mus t :1 . )i d e nt i f ys pe c i f i ca s s e t s ,s u c ha s a c c o u n t so rf un ds , of t hes o ve r e i g n; 2. ) t ha t a r el o c a t e dwi t h i nt heUni t e dSt a t e s ; a n d3. ) us e d f o ra t i c o mme r c i a la c t i vi t y ' 'wi t hi nt heUni t e d St a t e s ;a swe l la s4. )d e mo ns t r a t et ha tt he
G û com m e r ci alac t i vi t y' 'i st he s a m e ac t i vi t y upon w hi ch t he pl ai nt i f fs cl a i m i s ba s ed.28
5Thi sCo ur tha spr e vi o us l yr u l e dt ha tt he S t c omm e r c i ala c t i vi t y' 'e xc e pt i on ofSe c t i on

1 61 0 ( a ) ( 2 )i st h ee xc e p t i o na p pl i c a bl et ot h ea bo v e s t y l e da c t i o n . ( DE #1 8 0 ) .

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 9 of 17

U. S. C.j1 61 0 ( a ) ( 2 ) ;s e eal s o Wal t e r sv . I nd us . andComme r c i al Banko fchi na ,Lt d. ,651 F. 3 d28 0,29 7( 2dCi r . 2 011 ) , Ast h epl a i n t i f fha st heb ur d e nt oi de nt i f ya s s e t st h a tc o me wi t hi nt h e Se c t i on 1 61 0( a ) ( 2 )e xc e p t i o n,c o ur t sha ver e c og ni z e dt hene c e s s i t yofl i mi t e d

j u r i s di c t i on a ld i s c o ve r yt oe s t a bl i s hwhe t h e rac l a i mc o me swi t hi nt h ee xc e pt i o n. Se e ,e . g. ,
Ar r i b aLt d. v . Pe t r o l e osMe xi c an os , 9 62F. 2d5 28 , 53 4( 5 t hCi r .1 99 2)( r e c og ni z i n gt her ol e

o fl i mi t e dj u r i s di c t i ona ldi s c o ve r y( d t o ve r i f ya l l e g a t i on s ofs pe c i f i cf a c t sc r u c i a lt oa n
i mmu ni t y de t e r mi na t i o n' ' ) ;Fi l u sv . fot Pol i s hAi r l i ne s ,90 7 F. 2d 1 3 28,1 33 2 -33 ( 2d Ci r .

1 99 0 )( r e c og ni z i ngt hene e df o rl i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i o na l d i s c o ve r yt oe s t a bl i s he xc e pt i o nt ot he

FSI A) .Be f o r eac o ur tg r a nt sl i mi t e dj u r i s di c t i ona ld i s c o ve r ya st owhe t he rt hee xc e pt i on a p pl i e s ,apl a i n t i f fmus tf i r s tpl e a dt hepr i maf a ci ee l e me nt so ft hee xc e pt i o n.Se e ,e . g. ,
Bu t l e r ,5 79F, 3 da t1 31 3( d e ny i ngj ur i s d i c t i o na ldi s c o ve r ywhe r epl a i n t i f ff a i l e dt opl e a d
e l e me n t so fe xc e pt i o nt op r e s ump t i o n ofs o ve r e i gn i mmuni t y ) . Onc e apl a i nt i f fpl e a d st he

pr i maf ac i ee l e me nt so fa ne xc e p t i o n,t he nt hos ea l l e ga t i o nsa r ee n t i t l e dt o ve r i f i c a t i o n t h r o ug hl i mi t e dj u r i s d i c t i o na ldi s c o ve r y. Se ei d.a t1 31 4. W he t he rad i s t r i c tc o ur t ' sg r a n tofl i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i o na ld i s c o ve r yi si mme d i a t e l y a p pe a l a bl eh i nge so nwhe t he rt hea l l o wa nc eofl i mi t e dj u r i s di c t i ona ld i s c o ve r yi sa ki nt oa
d e ni a lofa s o ve r e i g n' sc l a i mo fi mmu ni t y. Se e ,e . g. ,i d .a t1 311( ; é l ti swe l l s e t t l e dt h a ta

c o ur t of a p pe a l sha s j ur i s di c t i o no ve ri n t e r l oc ut o r yo r d e r sd e n yi ngc l a i mso fi mmuni t yu nd e r
t h eFS1 A. ' ' ) . ç l f ' hede f e ns eo fs o ve r e i g no rq ua l i f i e di mmuni t ypr o t e c t sg o ve m me n to f f i c i a l s
not onl yf r om havi ng t os t and t r i al , but f r om havi ng t o bea rt he bur dens a t t enda nt t o

9

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 10 of 17

l i t i ga t i on,i ncl udi ng pr e t r i aldi s cove r y. ' 'Bl i nco v.Gr ce n Tr ee Se rv. ,LLC,366 F. 3d 1 249,

1 25 2( 11 t h Ci r . 20 04 ) .
Typi c al l y, adi s t r i c tcour t pr ope r l ys t a ysl i t i ga t i on, i ncl udi ngdi s cover y, pendi nga ppeal

o fad e n i a lo fs o ve r e i g ni mmuni t y. 1 d. a t1 25 2; s e eal s oBr a d f o r dsc ot t Dat aCo r p. , l n c . v . Ph y s i c i an Co mpu t e rNe t wo r k ,I nc . ,1 28F. 3 d5 0 4,5 0 6( 7 t h Ci r .1 9 97 ) .An i nt e r l oc ut o r y a p pe a l ofade ni a lo fs o ve r e i g ni mmuni t yo r di na r i l ydi ve s t st h edi s t r i c tc o u r to f j u r i s d i c t i o n
t o pr ocee dw i t ht hel i t i ga t i onpe ndi ng i t sr es ol ut i on.Ungarv. Pal es t i neLi ber at i on Or g. , 402

F. 3d2 74 , 293( 1 s t Ci r . 2 005 ) ; s e eal s oGr i gg sv . Pr o vi d e n tCo ns u me rDi s c ou nt Co . , 45 9U. S.

5 6, 5 8( 1 98 2 )( $ û Thef i l i n go fano t i c eofa p pe a l i sa ne ve n tof j u r i s d i c t i o na l s i g ni f i c a nc e i t

c onf e r s j ur i s d i c t i o no nt hec ou r t ofa p pe a l sa ndd i ve s t st hed i s t r i c tc o ur to fi t sc o nt r ol o ve r
t ho s ea s pe c t so ft hec a s ei n vo l ve di nt h ea p pe a l . ' ' ) .
A s t a y pendi ng a ni nt er l oc ut or ya ppeal , how e ver ,i s not a l wa ys aut om a t i c. I n pa r t i cul a r ,$ $ as t ay need notbe gr ant ed a tt he out s e ti ft he a ppe ali sf r i vol ous . ' 'Bl i ncos366

F. 3d a t1 252.Bot ht he di s t r i c tcour ta nd t he appel l a t e cour tha vet he a ut hor i t yt o decl ar e an
a ppealf r i vol ous. 1 d.a t1 252.A cour tm a y dee m a n appealf r i vol ous i ft he gr ound f ort he

a p pe a l i sç d s ob a s e l e s st ha ti tdo e sno ti n vo kea ppe l l a t ej ur i s di c t i o n, ' 'o rwhe r e( t t hedi s t r i c t j u dg eh a sno tf i n a l l yr e s o l ve dt h eq u e s t i o nofi mmu ni t y. ' ' Se ege n e r al l yApo s t o lv .Gal l i o n, 8 7 0F. 2 d1 33 5, 1 3 3 9( 7 t hCi r . 1 98 9)( d i s c us s i ngf r i vol o usa ppe a l si nt h ec on t e x t ofq ua l i f i e d
i mmun i t yf r o m4 2 U. S. C.j1 98 3c l a i ms ) . l ft hea p pe a li sd e c l a r e df r i vo l o us ,C ç t hedi s t r i c t

c o u r t ma yc a r r yo nwi t ht hec a s e. ' ' Br ad f o r dsc ot t Da t aCor p. ,1 28F. 3da t5 06.

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 11 of 17

1 1 1 .A nal ys i s

The onl yi s s ue bef or et he Cour ti sw het hert he a boves t yl e d act i on s houl d be s t ayed pe ndi ng t he r es ol ut i on oft he Count r y ofCur aça o and t he K i ngdom oft he N e t he r l ands'

Mo t i o nf o r Re he a r i ngEnBa n co f t hi sCo ur t ' so r d e r sgr a n t i n gl i mi t e dj ur i s d i c t i o na l di s c o ve l
t o ve r i f y al l ega t i onsofa ne xce pt i on t ot heFSI A and denyi ng r e cons i de r a t i on.TheCount r y
ofCur aç ao and t he K i ngdom oft he Net he r l a ndsar gue t hatt he aboves t yl ed a ct i on s houl d

bes t a ye dbe c a us et he i ra p pe a la u t o ma t i c a l l y di ve s t st hi sCo ur tof j ur i s di c t i on.( DE #21 6 ,
!3 ) . 6I nr e s po ns e , Pl a i n t i f f sa r g uet ha tt hea bo ve s t y l ea c t i on s h oul d no tbes t a ye dbe c a us e t he a p pe a li sf r i vol ou s un de r Bl i n c o. ( DE #22 5) .Upo nc on s i de r a t i o n of t he Pa r t i e s '

a r g u me n t sa ss e tf or t hi nt h epl e a di ng sa nda to r a l a r g ume nt , t heCo u r t f i ndst h a t j u r i s di c t i on
i s pr ope r l y bef or et hi s Cour tw he r et he a ppeal st a ken by t he Count r y of Cur açao a nd t he Ki ngdom oft heN e t her l a ndsar ef r i vol ousbecaus et he a ppeali spr e ma t ur e ast he Cour tha s ye tt or ul eon t hei s s ue ofs ove r e i gn i m muni t yand t heCour t l i mi t e d di s c over yt oes t abl i s hi ng
a ne vi dent i a r y bas i sf ora n exce pt i on t ot he FSI A. A .The N ovem be r7 ,2011 Or de rD i d N otR ul e on Sover ei gn Im m uni t y I nt he Re ne w ed M ot i on f or St a y,t he Count r y ofCur a çao a nd t he Ki ngdom oft he

Ne t he r l a ndsa r guet ha tEl e ve nt h Ci r c ui tpr ec ede ntr equi r est ha tt he pr oce edi ngsbef or et hi s Cour tbe s t a yed beca us ea na ppea lt aken t o det e r mi ne w he t he ra n except i on t os over ei gn

6TheCount r yofCt l r aç a oa ndt heKi ngdom oft heN e t he r l a ndsi nc or por a t eby r e f e r e nc e

t hea r gumen t spr es e n t e di nt heor i gi na lMot i onsf orSt a yPendi ngAppe al( DE #21 6, 21 9,& 230) . ( DE # 26 7, ! 7 ) .

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 12 of 17

i mmu ni t ye xi s t sgo e st ot h es u b j e c t ma t t e r j ur i s di c t i o no ft hed i s t r i c tc o ur t t ohe a rt hi sma t t e r i nt hef i r s ti ns t a nc e. ( DE # 21 6 , ! 3) . S e eBu t l e r ,5 79F. 3 da t1 311( d t l ti swe l l s e t t l e dt ha ta c o u r t o fa ppe a l sh a s j u r i s d i c t i o no ve ri nt e r l o c ut o r yo r d e r sde n yi ngc l a i msofi mmun i t yu nd e r t heFSI A. ' ' ) . Asa ppl i e dt ot hei ns t a nt ma t t e r , t heCo u nt r yofCur a ç a oa ndt heKi ng do m of t he
Ne t he r l andsar gue ,des pi t et hei rdec i s i on nott or es pond t o Pl ai nt i f f s'A m e nded M ot i on or
t of i l e am ot i on t o di s mi s st hes uppl em ent a r y pr oceedi ngs ,t hatt hi sCour t ' sgr antofl i mi t ed

j u r i s d i c t i ona ld i s c o ve r ywa sa ki nt oar u l i ngont h el e ga l s uf f i c i e nc yofPl a i n t i f f s 'c l a i mss o a st odi ve s tt hi sCou r to fj ur i s di c t i o n wh e r et hePl a i n t i f f sf a i l e dt o pl e a ds uf f i c i e n t l ya n e xc e p t i o nt oi mmun i t yu nd e rt h eFS I A, .( DE #21 6 ,! 2) . I nr e s po ns e ,Pl a i nt i f f sa r g u et ha t
cont r ar yt ot he Count r y ofCur açao a ndt heK i ngdom oft heN et her l ands'char a ct e r i zat i on of
t he Cour t ' sN ove m be r7,2011 Or derand t he i s s ueson a ppeal ,t hi sCourt hasyett or ul e on

t he Count r y of Cur aça oa nd t he K i ngdom of t he N e t he r l ands' s ove r ei gn i m m uni t y.To r es ol ve t hi si s s ue,t he Cour tt ur nst oi t sOr derofN ovem be r7,2011. OnN ovem be r7, 2011, t heCour t ent e r ed a n or dert ha tdeni edpl a i nt i f f s 'm ot i ont o add

t heCo un t r yofCur a ç a oa ndt h eKi n gd om o ft heNe t h e r l a ndsa s j u dg me nt de f e nda nt s , whi l e pe r mi t t i n gl i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i o na l di s c o ve r yt od e t e r mi newh e t he rt h e r ee xi s t e da ne x c e pt i o n
t ot he Count r y of Cur açao a nd t he K i ngdom of t he N e t he r l a nds 'pr es um ed s over ei gn

i mmu ni t yu nde rt heFSI A. ( DE #1 8 5 ) . Spe c i f i c a l l y, whi l et h eCo ur t di dno tma keaf i n di ng a st o whe t he rj ur i s d i c t i o ne xi s t so ve rt heCou n t r yo fCur a ç a oa nd t heKi ngd o mo ft he
Ne t he r l a nds( DE #1 8 5, a t7 ) , t heCo ur t di df i ndt h a t :

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 13 of 17

E l l nt heAme n de dM o t i o n, Pl a i n t i f f s ha vema det hec ha n ge sn e c e s s a r yt opl e a d
a n except i on t o FSI A . Pl ai nt i f f s ha ve appr opr i at el y al l eged t ha tt he

Go ve r n me n t sc a nb es u e d und e r 28 U. S. C. j 1 61 0 ( a ) ( 2) ,t he s t a t ut o r y
e xce pt i on t ot heFSI A, by i dent i f yi ng pr ope r t y be l ongi ng t ot he Gover nm e nt s

l oc a t e di nt heUni t e dS t a t e swhi c hi sno wo rwa sus e di nc o n j unc t i o nwi t ht he
under l yi ng cl ai m ....Thes e al l ega t i ons ,i ft r ue,w oul d pr ovi de a ba s i sf or

j u r i s d i c t i o np ur s ua ntt oS e c t i o n1 61 0.
( DE #1 8 5, a t5 ) . Tode t e r mi newhe t he ra ne xc e pt i o nt ot heFSI Ae xi s t s , t heCo ur t o r d e r e d
di s cove r y( t l i mi t ed t ot he es s e nt i al s ne ces s ar y t o det e r mi ne t he as s e t s use d by t he
Gover nm e nt st of und, oper at e, orot he r wi s ef aci l i t a t et heD r ydock' scom m e r ci alent e r pr i s e. ' '

( DE #1 8 5,a t7 ) .Th e Or d e re x pr e s s l ya d vi s e dt hePa r t i e st ha tt heû ç co ur t ha sno td e c i d e d

whe t he rj u r i s di c t i o ne ve ne xi s t so ve rt he Su ppl e me nt a lDe f e nd a nt s . ' '( DE #1 8 5,a t7) .
A cc or di ngl y,t he Cour tf i nds,gi ven t he pl ai nl a nguage oft he Court ' s N ove m ber7,2011 Or der ,t hata s t ay i snota ut om a t i c beca us et he Cour tdi d notr ul e on t he i s s ue ofs ove r ei gn
i m m uni t y.

TheCour t al s o not est ha tt heCount r yofCur aça oa nd t heKi ngdom oft heN et her l a nds haveye tt o ;l eam ot i on t o di s mi s st hea me nde d m ot i on a nd t he y di d notr es pond i n at i m el y

ma n ne rt oPl a i n t i f f s ' mo t i ont ot a kel i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i on a ld i s c o ve r y. Unt i l t hi sCo ur t ma ke s
ar ul i ng on Pl ai nt i f f s 'a r gued e xce pt i on t ot he FSI A ,i ti spr e m at ur ef ort heCour tofAppe al s t o addr es st he m at t er ,A c cor di ngl y,t he Cour tf i nds t ha tt he Count r y of Cur a çao a nd t he Ki ngdom oft heNet her l ands 'a ppea lofa de ni alofs ove r ei gn i m m uni t yi sf r i vol ousbeca us e t heCour tha syett or es ol vet he ques t i on ofi m m uni t yi nt hef i r s ti ns t ance. See ,e. g. , Apost ol ,

8 70F. 2 da t1 3 39( i s an ot i c eofa p pe a lma y bes o ba s e l e s st ha ti tdoe sno ti nvo kea ppe l l a t e
1 3

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 14 of 17

j u r i s d i c t i on. . . g whe r e q t hed i s t r i c t j ud geha sno tf i na l l yr e s o l ve dt heq ue s t i o no fi mmun i t f' ) .
B. Li mi t e dJur i s d i c t i o na l Di s c o v e r yDoe sNo tI n fr i n geo nSo v e r e i gnI mmu ni t y
The Count r y of Cur aça o and t he Ki ngdom of t he N e t he r l ands cont end t ha t any

d i s c o ve r y,i n c l udi ng l i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i o na l di s c o ve r y,i nf r i nge s on t he i r pr e s umpt i ve

s o ve r e i g ni mmuni t y. ( DE #21 6 , a t3 ) . Ge ne r a l l y, s o ve r e i g ni mmu ni t ys hi e l dsde f e nda n t sno t o nl yf r o mj ud gme nt , bu tf r o mt hel i t i ga t i o np r o c e s s , i n c l ud i ngdi s c ove r y. S e e ,e . g. , Rub i nv . TheI s l a mi cRe pub l i co fl r a n,6 37F. 3 d 78 3 ,785( 7 t h Ci r . 201 1 )( hol di ngdi s t r i c tc o ur t ' s
or de rpe r mi t t i ng d s gene r a las s e tdi s c over y' 'pr i ort or ul i ng on al l ege d exce pt i on t ot heFSI A

i nf r i ng e do ns o ve r e i gn i mmu ni t y) .The i ns t a nts i t ua t i on,ho we ve r ,i sa ne xc e pt i o nt ot he
gener alr ul ebec aus et he Cour t hasor der ed di s cove r yf ort he l i mi t edpur pos eofes t abl i s hi ng

w he t heran exce pt i on t ot hepr es um pt i on ofi mm uni t y undert heFSI A exi s t sasoppos ed t o

t ' g e ne r a la s s e tdi s c o ve r y. ' '( DE #1 8 5,a t7 ) .To a c c e ptt hevi e wt ha tt hi sl i mi t e dg r a nto f j u r i s d i c t i ona ldi s c o ve r yi nf r i ng e so ns o ve r e i g ni mmuni t ywo ul dr e nde re xc e p t i o nst ot he
FSI A me a n i n gl e s sb y ma k i n gi ti mpo s s i bl e( a bs e nt a na d mi s s i o nf r o m t he d e f e nda nt s o ve r e i g n)f o r a pl a i n t i f ft o pr e s e n ta c o u r twi t ha ne vi d e n t i a r y ba s i sf o ra ne xc e p t i o n.

Ac c o r d i n gl y,t he Co ur tf i nd st h a ti t sg r a nto fl i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i o na ldi s c o ve r yd oe sn o t
i nf r i ngeon s ove r ei gn i m m uni t y.
I V.Conc l us i on

Asaf i nal not e, t heCour t w oul dber em i s snott opoi ntout t heCount r y ofCur a çao a nd t he K i ngdom oft he N et he r l a nds'f ai l ur et o compl yw i t ht he pr oc edur esoft he Cour t .The

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 15 of 17

Count r y ofCur a çao a ndt heK i ngdom oft heN e t her l andsw ai t edt or ai s es over ei gn i m m uni t y

un t i l a l mos tf o u rmo n t hsa f t e rPl a i nt i f f sf i l e dt h ea me nde dmo t i o nf orl i mi t e dj ur i s di c t i o na l
di s c over y. TheEl eve nt h Ci r c ui tCour t ofA ppeal s, al ongw i t hm any cour t sofappeal sa r ound

t hecount r y,l ooksdi s f a vor abl y on d i De f e nda nt swho a bus et hepr e t r i alpr oces st hr ough s uch

s t a l l i ng .... ' 'Se eSk r t i c hv .T ho r nt o n,28 0 F. 3 d1 2 95 ,1 3 06 ( 1 1 t h Ci r .20 02 )( hol di ng
d e f e n da nt swa i ve dr i g h tt or a i s eq ua l i f i e di mmu ni t ya tp r e t r i a l p r oc e e di ng s ) ; s e ea l s o , e . g. , Un g ar ,40 2 F. 3 da t2 93 ( f i nd i ng t ha ta l t ho ug hf o r e i gn s o ve r e i g ni mmu ni t yi s us ua l l y i mme d i a t e l ya p pe a l a bl eun de rt hec ol l a t e r a lo r d e rd oc t r i ne , S s s o ve r e i g ni mmuni t yi s( no t )a
t r um p ca r dt hatm a y behel di nr es e r ve unt i la def enda nts eesf i tt o pl a yi t ,t huse nabl i ng t he

d e f e n da n tt os t o pt h el i t i g a t i o ni ni t st r a c ksa tat i meofi t sc ho os i ng' ' ) ; Apo s t ol , 8 70F. 2da t
1 33 9( f i ndi ngt ha t C l d e f e nd a n t swhopl a yg a me swi t ht hed i s t r i c t c o ur t ' ss c h e d ul ef or f e i t t he i r e n t i t l e me nt t o apr e t r i a la ppe a l ' ' o ni mmun i t y ) .
Accor di ngl y, havi ngcons i de r edt hepar t i e s' pl eadi ngsand f i l i ngsa ndbe i ng ot he r wi s e
a dvi s e d,i ti she r e by O R DERED,A DJUD G ED ,and DEC REED t he Count r y ofCur aç ao

a ndt h eKi ng do mo ft heNe t he r l a nd s ' Re ne we dM o t i o nf o rS t a yPe ndi ngAp pe a l ( DE #2 6 7)
be,a nd t he s a m ei she r e by, D EN I ED .
DO N E and O R DERED i n Cham ber s att he Ja m esLa wr ence Ki ng Fede r alJ us t i ce

Bui l di ng and Uni t ed St a t esCourt hous ei nM i a mi ,Fl or i da on t hi s25t h da y ofJ une ,201 2.
<

4 6 f . @,

: z r
DA

AMESLAWRENCE K I NG .S. DI S TRI CT COURT SOUTHERN D I STRI CT OFFL

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 16 of 17

CC:

Co u ns e l f orPl a i nt ts
John T hornt on do Cn mpo & Thor nt o n,P. A. 1 00 Sou t hea s tSec ond St r e e t Sui t e 27 00 Mi a mi ,FL 331 31 3053586600 Fa x: 3053586601

Ema i l : j t @d a n d t l a w. c o m
Or l ando do C am po do Ca mpo & Thor nt on,P. A. Mi a m iTowe r 1 00 S. E.2nd St r e e t Sui t e2700 Mi a mi ,FL 331 31 3 05 3586600 Fa x:305 358 6601

Ema i l : o d @d a n d t l a w. c o m
St uar tZ.G r os s m an Gr os s ma n Ro t h PA 25 25 Po ncedeLeon Boul e va r d Sui t e 11 50 Cor a lGa bl e s ,FL 3313 4 3 05 4428666 Fa x: 28516 68

Ema i l : s z g @g r o s s ma n r o t h. c o m
Cas e y D .Laf f e y Ree d Sm i t h LLP 5 99 Le xi ngt on Ave nue Ne w Yor k,NY 1 0022 21 2521 5400 Fa x: 21 2521 5450

Ema i l : c l a f f e y @r e e d s mi t h. c o m
Eri c A .Schaf f e r Ree d Sm i t h LLP 435 6t h A ve nue Pi t t s bur g h, PA 1 521 91 886
16

Case 1:06-cv-22128-JLK Document 277 Entered on FLSD Docket 06/25/2012 Page 17 of 17

41 22884584

Ema i l : e s c h a f f e r @r e e d s mi t h. c o m
Jordan W .Si e v Ree d Sm i t h LLP 5 99 Le xi ngt on Ave nue Ne w Yor k,NY 1 0022 21 2521 5400 Fa x: 21 2521 5 450

Ema i l : j s i e v @r e e d s mi t h. c o m
Sc ot tD . B aker Ree d Sm i t h LLP 1 01Se c ond St r ee t Sui t e1 800 Sa n Fr a nc i s co,CA 941 05 415 5438700 Fa x: 41 5 391 8 269

Ema i l : s ba k e r @r e e d s mi t h . c o m
Sd h Er i cM i l e s Gr os s ma n Ro t h,P. A. 25 25Ponc eDeLeo n Bl vd. Sui t e 11 50 Mi a mi ,FL 331 34 305 4428666 Fa x:305 285 1 668

Ema i l : s e m@g r o s s ma n r o t h. c o m
Co un s e l f ort h eKi n gd o mo ft h eNe t he r l a nd sa ndt heCo u nt r . vo fcu r a ç ao
Guy W i l l i am H ar r i s on Et c he ve ny & Ha ni s on LLP 1 5 0 S Pi nel s l a nd Roa d Sui t e1 05 Pl a nt a t i on,FL 33 3242667 95 43701 681 Fa x:37 01 68 2

Ema i l : h a r r i s o n @e t c h l a w. c o m

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