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REFERENCE NOTE .
No. 13 /RN/Ref./August/2013
For the use of Members of Parliament Not for Publication

Tourism Sector in India

.------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------The reference material is for personal use of the Members in the discharge of their Parliamentary duties, and is not for publication. This Service is not to be quoted as the source of the information as it is based on the sources indicated at the end/in the text. This Service does not accept any responsibility for the accuracy or veracity of the information or views contained in the note/collection.

TOURISM SECTOR IN INDIA 1. INTRODUCTION Tourism is not only a growth engine but also an employment generator. According to the Economic Survey 2011-12, the sector has the capacity to create large scale employment both direct and indirect, for diverse sections in society, from the most specialized to unskilled workforce. It provides 6-7 per cent of the worlds total jobs directly and millions more indirectly through the multiplier effect as per the UNs World Tourism Organization(UNWTO)1. The importance of tourism as a creator of job opportunities can be understood from the fact that in India every one million invested in tourism creates 47.5 jobs directly and around 85-90 jobs indirectly. In comparison, agriculture creates only 44.6 jobs and manufacturing a mere 12.6 jobs. Moreover tourism is the third largest foreign exchange earner after gems and jewellery and ready made garments2. Foreign Tourist Arrivals (FTAs) During 2011 FTAs in India were 6.31 million with a growth of 9.2% over 2010. FTAs during 2012 were 6.65 (provisional) million with a growth of 5.4%, as compared to the FTAs of 6.31 million during 2011. Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEE) from Tourism Tourism is an important sector of Indian economy and contributes substantially in the countrys Foreign Exchange Earnings. FEEs from tourism, in rupee terms, during 2011 was Rs.77,591 crore (provisional), with a growth of 19.6%, as compared to the FEEs of Rs.64,889 crore (provisional) during 2010. During 2012, the Foreign Exchange Earnings (FEEs) from tourism registered a growth of 21.8% from Rs.77,591 to Rs.94,487 crore (provisional) when compared
1 2

www.incredibleindia.org Kurukshetra, May 2012, Vol.-60, No.7, p.1

2 to FEEs during 2011. A statement giving FTAs in India and FEEs from tourism fro the years 2000 to 2012 is given below: Foreign Tourist Arrivals and Foreign Exchange Earnings During the years 2000-2012
Year Foreign Tourist Arrivals (in nos.) Percentage Change Over Previous Year 6.7 -4.2 -6.0 14.3 26.8 13.3 13.5 14.3 4.0 -2.2 11.8 9.2 5.4 Foreign Exchange Earnings in Crore 15,626, 15,083 15,064 20,729, 27,944 33,123, 39,025 44,360 51,294 53,700* 64,889# 77,591# 94,487# Percentage Change Over Previous Year 20.6 -3.5 -0.1 37.6 34.8 18.5 17.8 13.7 15.6 4.7 20.8 19.6 21.8 Foreign Exchange Earnings (Million US$) 3,460 3,198 3,103 4,463 6,170 7,493 8,634 10,729 11,832 11,136* 14,193# 16,564# 17,737# Percentage Change Over Previous Year 15.0 (-)7.6 3.0 43.8 38.2 21.4 15.2 24.3 10.3 (-)5.9 27.5 16.7 7.1

2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012

26,49,378 25,37,282 23,84,364 27,26,214 34,57,477 39,18,610 44,47,167 50,81,504 52,82,603 51,67,699 57,75,692 63,09,222 66,48,318

# Advance Estimates *Revised Estimates Source: Ministry of Tourism, Annual Report 2012-13

Domestic tourism The domestic tourist visits during the year 2011 are estimated to be 851 million, showing a growth of 13.8% over 20103. 2. ROLE OF THE GOVERNMENT The role of the Government in tourism development has been redefined from that of a regulator to that of a catalyst. Apart from marketing and promotion, the focus of tourism development plans is now on integrated development of enabling infrastructure through effective partnership with various stakeholders. Tourism development in India has passed through many phases. The development of tourist facilities was taken up in a planned manner in 1956 coinciding with the Second Five Year Plan. The approach has evolved from isolated
3

India, Ministry of Tourism, Annual Report 2012-13, pp.61-62

3 planning of single unit facilities in the Second and Third Five Year Plans. The Sixth Plan marked the beginning of a new era when tourism began to be considered a major instrument for social integration and economic development. However, it was only after the 80s that tourism activity gained momentum. A National Policy on Tourism was announced in 1982.In 1992, a National Action Plan was prepared and in 1996 the National Strategy for Promotion of Tourism was drafted. In 1997, a draft New Tourism Policy in tune with the economic policies of the Government and the trends in tourism development was published for public debate. The draft policy is now under revision. The proposed policy recognizes the roles of Central and State Governments, Public Sector Undertakings and the Private Sector in the development of tourism. The need for involvement of Panchayati Raj institutions, local bodies, non-governmental organizations and the local youth in the creation of tourism facilities has also been recognized4. As per the working strategy for the 12th Five Year Plan, the Ministry of Tourism has adopted a pro-poor tourism approach which could contribute significantly to poverty reduction. More than half of Tourism Ministrys Plan budget is channelized for funding the development of destinations, circuits, mega projects as also for rural tourism infrastructure projects (see Annexure-I). The Ministry also ensured that 10% and 2.5% of its total Annual Plan (2012-13) outlay went to the tourism projects in the North-Eastern region and the tribal areas respectively5. The other major development that took place were the setting up of the India Tourism Development Corporation in 1966 to promote India as a tourist destination and the Tourism Finance Corporation in 1989 to finance tourism projects. Altogether, 21 Government-run Hotel Management and Catering Technology Institutes and 14 Food Craft Institutes were also established for imparting specialized training in hoteliering and catering6.

4 5

Govt. of India, Press Information Bureau release, dated 8.5.2000 Ibid dated 4.5.2013 6 Ibid dated 8.5.2000

3.

INITIATIVES BY THE GOVERNMENT FOR TOURISM PROMOTION

Hunar se Rozgar Programme A special initiative was launched in 2009-10 for the creation of employable skills among youth belonging to economically weaker sections of the society in the age group of 18-25 years (upper age limit raised to 28 years in November, 2010) with the basic objective to reduce the skill gap affecting the hospitality and tourism sector and to ensure the spread of economic benefit of tourism to the poor. The programme offers short duration courses of 6 to 8 weeks which are fully funded by the Ministry of Tourism. Initially covering two courses viz. (i) food and beverage service; and (ii) food production, courses in Housekeeping, Utility, Bakery and Patisserie were added subsequently. With the growing acceptability of the initiative more trades/training areas were added like- to bring up drivers, golf caddies, stone mason, security guards and tourist facilitators etc. For the year 2012-13, 21,175 persons have been trained under the initiative upto 31 January 20137. Visa on Arrival (VoA) Considering the importance of Visa facilities in enhancing tourist inflow, the facility of Long Term Tourist Visas of five years duration with multiple entry, carrying a stipulation of 90 days for each visit, has been introduced on a pilot basis for the nationals of the 18 selected countries. The findings of an evaluation study conducted by this Ministry have reinforced the belief that the presence of the facility of Visa on Arrival (VoA) significantly influences the tourists travel plans to any country. During 2012, a total number of 16,084 VoAs (Visa on Arrival) were issued as compared to 12,761 VoAs during the corresponding period of 2011, thereby showing a growth of 26%. Efforts are on to extend the VoA facility for the nationals of more countries8.

7 8

Op cit. Annual Report 2012-13, p.50 Ibid, p.6

5 Publicity and marketing strategy As part of its domestic and global publicity and marketing strategy to promote tourism and create social awareness through the print and electronic media, the Ministry of Tourism launched campaigns on Clean India, Atithi Devo Bhava and Hunar Se Rozgaar through radio channels. Campaigns highlighting the tourism potential of North-East and J&K were also carried out through Doordarshan. Campaigns were also taken up for Incredible India branding on TV during 2nd Formula Grand Prix and London Olympics, 2012, during the International Film Festival of India (IFFI) held in Goa, and during the International India Film Academy (IIFA) Awards 2012 in Singapore. The Ministry had participated in major international Travel Fairs and Exhibitions in important tourist generating markets the world over, as well as in emerging and potential markets, to showcase and promote the tourism products of the country. These included Arabian Travel Market (ATM) in Dubai, International Trade Business (ITB-Asia) in Singapore, World Travel Market (WTM) in London, International Meetings Exhibitions (IMEX) in Frankfurt, International Tourism Trade Fair (FITUR) in Madrid, etc. To showcase and project the Buddhist Heritage of India, an International Buddhist Conclave was organized by the Ministry of Tourism in Varanasi in September 2012 and attended by 132 international delegates from around 30 countries. The delegates were taken for a visit to Sarnath and Bodh Gaya. For the first time, an International Tourism Mart was held at Guwahati in January, 2013 to showcase the largely untapped tourism potential of the north-Eastern region in the domestic and international markets.79 International Buyers and media delegates from 23 countries and hundreds of tour operators from different parts of India participated in the Mart and engaged in one-to-one meetings with sellers from the North East Region and West Bengal. The international delegates were taken on Familiarization Tours of the North Eastern Region9.

Ibid, p.6

6 4. NICHE TOURISM PRODUCTS The Ministry of Tourism has also taken the initiative of identifying, diversifying, developing and promoting the nascent/upcoming niche products of the tourism industry. This is done in order to overcome the aspect of seasonality to promote India as a 365 days destination, attract tourists with specific interests and to ensure repeat visits for the products in which India has comparative advantage. Accordingly, the following Niche Products have been identified by the Ministry of Tourism for development and Promotion: i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) viii) ix) Cruise Adventure Medical Wellness Golf Polo Meetings Incentives Conferences and Exhibitions (MICE) Eco- Tourism Film Tourism

Cruise Tourism Cruise Shipping is one of the most dynamic and fastest growing components of the leisure industry worldwide. India with its vast and beautiful coastline, virgin forests and undisturbed idyllic islands, rich historical and cultural heritage, can emerge as an attractive tourist destination for cruise tourists. Central financial assistance for Cruise Tourism project of Rs. 1450.00 lakh.was sanctioned by the Ministry of Tourism for development of Tourism Infrastructure in Willing Island, Cochin Port, during the year 2008-09. An amount of Rs. 491.53 lakh had been sanctioned and Rs. 245.77 lakh released during 2011-12 to Cochin Port Trust for the development of Cruise Passenger facilitation center at Cochin Port. Adventure Tourism Adventure tourism involves travel to remote, exotic areas, for exploration as for undertaking activities which test the endurance of both a person and his

7 equipment. Adventure tourism is rapidly growing in popularity as tourists seek different kinds of vacations. Central Financial Assistance is being extended to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for development of tourism infrastructure in destinations including adventure tourism destinations. These include facilities for trekking, rock climbing, mountaineering, aero-sports, winter/water related sports, trekker huts, wildlife viewing facilities, etc. Financial assistance to State Governments is also provided for the purchase of water sports equipments consisting of kayaks, canoes, paddle boats, fibre glass boats, hovercrafts, water scooters, etc. This year, the Ministry of Tourism has sanctioned an amount of Rs.220.76 lakh to the Indian Institute of Skiing & Mountaineering, Gulmarg (IISM) for conduct of adventure courses as follows:
Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Course ` Snow Skiing Water Skiing Trekking Parasailing Hot Air Balloon Total No. of course No. of Trainees Total Expenditure (Rs. in lakh)

6 10 10 10 5

480 300 200 200 100 1280

40.30 84.80 33.95 24.41 37.30 220.76

Source : Ministry of Tourism, Annual Report 2012-13

Medical Tourism Medical tourism (also called medical travel, health tourism or global healthcare) is a term used to describe the rapidly-growing practice of traveling across international borders to obtain health care. Services typically sought by travelers include elective procedures as well as complex specialized surgeries such as joint replacement (knee/hip), cardiac surgery, dental surgery, and cosmetic surgeries. Besides India, there are several Asian destinations like Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand that are offering Medical care facilities and promoting medical tourism. India excels among them for the following reasons: -

8 State of the Art Medical facilities Reputed health care professionals Quality nursing facilities No waiting time for availing the medical services Indias traditional healthcare therapies like Ayurveda and Yoga combined with allopathic treatment provide holistic wellness10. Financial support as per guidelines and availability of funds under the Market Development Assistance Scheme (MDA) is provided to following approved Medical Tourism Service Providers: Representatives of Hospitals accredited by Joint Commission International (JCI) and the National Accreditation Board of Hospitals and Healthcare Services (NABH). Medical Tourism facilitators (travel agents/tour operators) approved by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India11. For details of Market Development Assistance granted to various service providers under medical tourism during the last three years (2010-2013) See Annexure-II. Wellness Tourism Wellness Tourism is about traveling for the primary purpose of achieving, promoting or maintaining maximum health and a sense of well-being. Health Tourism holds immense potential for India. The Indian systems of medicine, that is Ayurveda, Yoga, Panchakarma, Rejuvenation Therapy, etc., are among the most ancient systems of medical treatment, in the world. India can provide medical and health care of international standard at comparatively low cost. Most of the hotels/resorts are coming up with Ayurveda Centres. The leading tour operators have included Ayurveda in their brochures.

10 11

Ibid, pp.19-23 Answer to Lok Sabha Unstarred Question no.1921 dated 8.3.2013

9 The Ministry of Tourism also provides financial assistance under the Market Development Assistance Scheme (MDA) to approved wellness centers, i.e. representatives of wellness centers accredited by NABH or the State Governments. The MDA assistance is for participation in medical/tourism fairs, medical conferences, wellness conferences, wellness fairs, and allied road shows. Yoga/Ayurveda/Wellness has been promoted in the past years in the print, electronic, internet and outdoor medium under the Ministry of Tourisms Incredible India Campaign12. Golf Tourism Sports Tourism in India is gaining interest. One of the latest trends in golf tourism is the fact that there has been a recent surge in the interest levels amongst youth the world over. India has several golf courses of international standards. Further, golf events held in India also attract domestic and international tourists. Recognizing this potential to develop Golf as a niche tourism product for attracting both international and domestic tourists, the Ministry of Tourism had organized a one day Workshop on Promotion of Golf Tourism on 21 January 2011. The objective of this workshop was to evolve a road map for formulating strategies for development and promotion of golf tourism in India. Polo Tourism India has rich historical ties with many of the sporting traditions including Polo. The game of Polo originated in India and India is one of the few countries in the world where this game is still preserved and practiced. The Kolkata Polo Club is the oldest Polo club in the world and is 150 years old. Therefore, Polo can rightly be termed as Heritage Sports of India. The Ministry of Tourism had sanctioned an amount of Rs.5 Lakh to the Government of Manipur for organizing the 6th International Polo Festival 2012, held at Imphal from 22-29 November, 2012, coinciding with the Sangai festival.
12

Op cit. Annual Report 2012-13 p.25

10

Meetings Incentives Conferences and Exhibitions (MICE) In order to promote India more effectively as a convention destination, the travel industry had, under the patronage of the Ministry of Tourism, set up the India Convention Promotion Bureau (ICPB) in 1988, a non-profit organization, with members comprising of national airlines, hotels, travel agents, tour operators, tourist transport operators, conference organizers, etc. The important objectives of ICPB are as under: To promote India as a venue for International Congresses and Conventions. To undertake a continuing programme of creating awareness of the role and benefits of Congress and Conventions in the context of national objectives. To undertake research on the international conference market for development of Indias conference industry. To diffuse knowledge to conference industry personnel through educational programmes, seminars, group discussions, courses of study and exchange of visits with India Associations/Organizations13.

Eco-Tourism Eco-tourism means making as little environmental impact as possible and helping to sustain the indigenous populace, thereby encouraging the preservation of wildlife and habitats when visiting a place. This is responsible form of tourism and tourism development, which encourages going back to natural products in every aspect of life. It is also the key to sustainable ecological development. Eco-tourism focuses on local cultures, wilderness adventures, volunteering, personal growth and learning new ways to live on our vulnerable planet. It is considered the fastest growing market in the tourism industry, according to the World Tourism Organization with an annual growth rate of 5% worldwide and representing 6% of the world Gross Domestic Product, 11.4% of all consumer spending.

13

Ibid, pp.26-27

11 Eco- Tourism in India is still at a very nascent stage, but there are conscious efforts to save the fragile Himalayan Eco System and culture and heritage of the indigenous people, which is probably the largest concentration in the world14.
The details of year wise financial achievement under Scheme Eco-Tourism are: Plan Period Tenth Plan (2002-07) Year 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Total Expenditure (Rs. in lakhs) 7.41 14.36 15.12 35.43 31.68 104.00 47.79 49.79 62.54 12.97 173.00

Total Eleventh Plan (2007-12)

Source: Answer to Lok Sabha Unstarred Question no.4653 dated 8.12.2010

Film Tourism The Ministry of Tourism has recognized films as powerful tool for the development and promotion of destinations under Niche Tourism Product. The Ministry of Tourism has taken following steps to promote Film Tourism in the country: Signing of a Memorandum of Understanding with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in 2012; Joint participation with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting in the Cannes Film Festival and Market, International Film Festival of India (IFFI, Goa), and European Film Market, Berlin;

14

www.incredibleindia.org/travel/eco-tourism

12 Institution of a National Tourism Award in 2012 in the category Most Film Promotion Friendly State/UT to encourage the State Governments and Union Territories to facilitate filming in their region; The Ministry of Tourism has formulated guidelines for extending financial support to State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for promotion of Film Tourism. As per these guidelines, Central Financial Assistance of Rs.2 lakh per film will be given to each of the State Governments/UT Administrations during each financial year15. TIGER TOURISM As per the Supreme Court directions, the Ministry of Environment and Forests has issued guidelines for tourism activities in tiger reserves in the country. As per this guideline, no tourism activity is permitted in the core areas of Tiger Reserves. The Ministry of Tourism is in favour of regulated tourism in Protected Areas of the country. Tourism should be based on scientific carrying capacity and sustainability principles. The Ministry of Tourism does not favour a total ban in protected areas including Tiger Reserves. International Practices / best National practices should be taken into consideration by the Ministry of Environment and Forests in finalizing eco-tourism guidelines for Protected Areas16. The Ministry of Tourism extends Central Financial Assistance (CFA) to the State Governments/Union Territory Administrations for development of Tourism Products under the scheme of Product/Infrastructure Development for Destinations and Circuits, based on the proposals identified in consultations with them, subject to availability of funds and inter-se priority and adherence to scheme guidelines17. The details of projects for development of tourism including wildlife and forest tourism, sanctioned to the State Governments/UT Administrations by the Ministry of Tourism during 11th Plan are at Annexure-III.

5.

15 16

Answer to Lok Sabha Unstarred Question no.2044 dated 8.3.2013 Op cit. Annual Report 2012-13, pp.28-29 17 Answer to Lok Sabha Unstarred Question no.1657 dated 19.11.2010

13 6. RURAL TOURISM Rural Tourism is essentially an activity which takes place in the countryside. It is multifaceted and may entail farm/agricultural tourism, cultural tourism, nature tourism, adventure tourism, and eco tourism. As against conventional tourism, rural tourism has certain typical characteristics: It is experience-oriented; the locations are less populated, it is predominantly in natural environments and it is based on the preservation of culture, heritage and traditions18. The scheme of Rural Tourism was started by the Ministry of Tourism in 2002-03 with the objective of highlighting rural life, art, culture and heritage at rural locations and in villages which have core competence in art, craft, handloom, textiles and natural environment. The intention was to benefit the local community economically and socially as well as to enable interaction between tourists and local population for a mutually enriching experience. The promotion of village tourism was also aimed towards generating revenue for rural communities through tourist visits, which may stop exodus from rural to urban areas. Infrastructural Development for Rural Tourism Rural Tourism can be harnessed as a strategy for rural development. The development of a strong platform around the concept of Rural Tourism is definitely useful for a country like India where almost 74 per cent of the population resides in its 7 million villages. On the other hand, the growing trend of urbanization has led to falling of income levels, lesser job opportunities leading to desertion of villages. Rural Tourism could be a solution to this. Challenges in Rural Tourism The major challenges of Rural Tourism are viz. need to preserve the environment and natural resources, the need for education, proper understanding for both tourists and local people, and the need to generate a democratic movement which helps people at all levels to participate in tourism development.
18

Op cit. Kurukshetra, May 2012, pp.3-4

14 Also they need to focus on occupation training, handicraft promotion, and improvement of both the landscape and the basic infrastructure, to increase the quality of life of villagers by creating a healthy environment. The cooperative system in Rural Tourism can be an effective approach in bringing positive impact in rural areas. Local people can monitor and control the negative impacts of tourism on their own society, if they have an equal stake and authority in management and development19. Rural Tourism projects at 186 villages in 29 States/Union Territories have been sanctioned by the Ministry of Tourism since the inception of the scheme. 56 of these sites are located in the NorthEastern region. A total amount of Rs.55.40 crores was sanctioned for Rural Tourism projects during the 11th Five Year Plan. Projects at 90 sites have been completed by December 2012. During the Twelfth Five Year Plan, the scheme of Rural Tourism is being replaced with the scheme of Rural Tourism Cluster. The Modified scheme aims at developing a cluster of villages a Tourism Product20. 7. AGRI- TOURISM Agri tourism is considered as the fastest growing sector in the tourism industry. The concept has been successfully implemented in states like Maharashtra, Kerala, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Gujarat and Himachal Pradesh. It has become a new avenue for earning the income for the rural farmers. In Maharashtra, rural areas have formed an organization named Maharashtra State Agri and Rural Tourism (MART). There are about 150 Agri tourism centres in the state working without financial assistance of the Government schemes. In Kerala, the Government has played a key role in boosting up the Rural and Health Tourism. Rajasthan is one of the preferred ventures to attract the

19 20

Ibid, pp.13-14 Op cit. ,Annual Report 2012-13, p.30

15 foreign visitors. In Himachal Pradesh, the State Government is motivating the rural people to create required facilities in rural areas for tourism purpose21.

8.

TOURISM IN THE NORTH EASTERN REGION The North- East has a wide array of products in the form of its pristine

natural beauty, forests and wildlife, rivers and mountains, and a unique multiethnic cultural heritage to offer to the tourist22. The region is endowed with diverse tourist attractions and each state has its own distinct features. For the development and promotion of North East Region. 10% of the plan allocation of the Ministry has been earmarked. An amount of Rs.100.00 crore has been earmarked in Budget Estimate 2012-13 for the region. In order to develop and promote tourism in the region, Ministry of Tourism has organized the International Tourism Mart with the objective of showcasing the largely untapped tourism potential of the North East region in the domestic and international markets from 18-20 January 2013 in Guwahati23. 9. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION In the arena of international cooperation, India participated in the 4th Meeting of Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) India Tourism Ministers meeting held in Vientiane, Lao PDR, in January 2013; 93rd Session of UNWTO Executive Council in Madrid, Spain in June, 2012 and the 94th Session of UNWTO Executive Council in Campeche, Mexico in October, 2012. A meeting of the Joint Working Group on Tourism Cooperation between India and Israel was held in Jerusalem, Israel in June, 2012 for enhancing further development of tourism in both the countries. A similar meeting of India and Philippines was held in Delhi in September, 2012. A special mention must be made of the 4th T-20 Tourism

21 22

Op cit. Kurukshetra, May 2012, p.22 Assam Tribune, dated 12.07.2011 23 Op cit. Annual Report 2012-13, p.101

16 Ministers meeting held in Mexico in May 2012 which unanimously emphasized the role of tourism as a major engine for job creation particularly for youth and women. This led to the G-20 Leaders of Nations Summit held in Mexico in June 2012 acknowledging tourism as a major sector for employment generation, poverty reduction and economic growth. India participated in events to coincide with the visit of INS Sudharshini, the 40th Anniversary Celebrations of Diplomatic Relations between India and Vietnam and the 20th Anniversary of India-ASEAN Partnership in Danang, Vietnam in January, 201324. CONCLUSION To sum up, Indian tourism has vast potential for generating employment and earning large sums of foreign exchange besides giving a flip to the countrys overall economic and social development. Much has been achieved by way of increasing air seat capacity, increasing trains and railway connectivity to important tourist destinations, four-laning of roads connecting important tourist centers and increasing availability of accommodation by adding heritage hotels to the hotel industry and encouraging paying guest accommodation. But much more remains to be done. Since tourism is a multi-dimensional activity, and basically a service industry, it would be necessary that all wings of the Central and State governments, private sector and voluntary organizations become active partners in the endeavour to attain sustainable growth in tourism if India is to become a world player in the tourist industry25.

24 25

Ibid, pp.6-7 Op cit. Press Information Bureau release dated 8.5.2000

17
Annexure-I
LIST OF MEGA DESTINATION/CIRCUITS IDENTIFIED/SANCTIONED (` In Lakh) Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Haryana Assam Bihar Chattisgarh Delhi Goa Gujarat State/UTs Andhra Pradesh Name of the Mega Project/Circuits Charminar area of Hyderabad Destination Tirupati Heritage Circuit Kadapa Heritage Tourist Circuit Development of Buddhavanam project at Nagarjunasagar Development of Vishakhapatnam Bheemunipatnam Beach Corridor as a Mega Circuit National Park Mega Circuit covering Manas, Orang, Nameri, Kaziranga, Jorhat, Sibsagar & Majouli Bodhgaya-Rajgir-Nalanda-Circuit Jagdalpur-Tirathgarh-ChitrakootBarsur-Dantewada-Tirathgarh Circuit Illumination of monuments- Circuit Development of Dilli Haat, Janakpuri. Churches of Goa Circuit Dwarka-Nageshwar-Bet Dwarka Circuit Shuklatirth-Kabirvad-MangleshwarAngareshwar Circuit Panipat-Kurukshetra-Pinjore Circuit Year of Sanction 2007-08 2008-09 2008-09 2012-13 2012-13 2010-11 2006-07 2008-09 2006-07 2010-11 2008-09 2008-09 2011-12 Phase-I 2006-07 (S-1630.03) (R-1161.23) Phase-II 2008-09 (S-1545.22) (R-35.54) 2009-10 2010-11 2010-11 2011-12 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 Amount Sanctioned 994.75 4652.49 3692.89 2224.23 Identified Identified 1922.42 2347.39 2375.09 Identified 4309.91 798.90 4650.97 3175.25 961.21 870.30 1187.54 2154.95 394.95 2325.48 1196.77 Amount Released 796.79 2326.25 1846.44 1112.12

15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21.

Himachal Pradesh Haryana & Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir

Eco and Adventure Circuit (KulluKatrain-Manali) Panchkula Yamunanagar(Haryana) Ponta Sahib Mubarak Mandi Heritage Complex, Jammu Destination Naagar Nagar Circuit (Watlab via Hazratbal, Tulmullah, Mansbal and Wullar Lake), Srinagar Development of Leh as a Mega Tourist Destination-Setting up of Trans Himalayan Cultural Centre in Leh, J&K Mega Destination at Deoghar Development of Ranchi Saraikela

Identified 3253.06 Identified 3814.56 2242.95 2371.19 3812.53 722.12 448.59 1185.59 500.00 1626.53

Jharkhand

18
Kharshwan East Singhbhum, Mega Circuit Hampi Circuit Development of Tourism Infrastructure at the World Heritage Site Pattadakal and Badami/Rihole in (Bagalkot District) Muziris Heritage Circuit connecting historically and archaeologically important places of Kodungalloor Development of Backwater Circuit in Alppuzha in Kerala Development of Chitrakoot as Mega Destination Jabalpur as Mega Circuit Bundelkhand comprising of Tikamgarh, Damoh, Sagar, Chhatarpur and Panna as Mega Circuit VidarbhaHeritage Circuit Aurangabad Destination Mahaur-Nanded Vishnupuri- Back Water Kandhar Fort as Mega Circuit Destination Development of Nashik (Gangapur Dam, Nashik City), Kalagram at Goverdhan (Nashik City and Gondeshewr) as a Mega Project INA Memorial Integrated Mega Circuit Project Marging Polo Complex, Keina and Khongjom Umiam (Barapani) as Mega Destination Development of Mega Destination at Dimapur

22. 23.

Karnataka

2008-09 2011-12

3283.58 Identified

1641.79

24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32.

Kerala

2010-11 2011-12 2009-10 2012-13 2011-12 2008-09 2008-09 2010-11 2011-12

4052.83 Indentified 2401.98 4937.10 Identified 3738.19 Identified 4510.99 2489.51

2026.42

Madhya Pradesh

2468.55

Maharashtra

1869.10 2255.49 954.27

33. 34. 35. 36.

Manipur

2010-11 2011-12 2011-12 2011-12

1238.59 Identified Identified 2370.45

619.30

Meghalaya Nagaland

37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49.

Orissa Puducherry Punjab Rajasthan

Sikkim Tamil-Nadu

Bhubaneshwar-Puri-Chilka- Circuit Puduchery Destination Amritsar Destination Ajmer- Pushkar Destination Desert Circuit (Jodhpur-Bikaner-Jaisalmer) Gangtok- Destination Mahabalipuram- Destination Pilgrimage Heritage Circuit (MaduraiRameshwaram-Kanyakumari) Thanjavaur Mega Lake Circuit including Mata Bari Haridwar-Rishikesh-Munikireti- Circuit Nirmal Gangotri Agra Circuit

2008-09 2010-11 2008-09 2008-09 2010-11 2008-09 2002-03 2010-11 2010-11 2010-11 2008-09 2010-11 Phase-I

3022.80 4511.00 1585.53 1069.68 Identified 2390.70 1039.00 3647.95 1475.00 Identified 4452.22 5000.00 3758.33

1135.23 (Token amount of ` Lakh released) 1511.40 2255.50 542.30 319.84

973.00 1823.97 737.50 3561.74 2500.00 2770.11

Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh

19
East Gate 2005-06 (S-848.49) (R-848.49) West Gate 2006-07 (S-933.40) (R- 933.40) Phase-II 2009-10 (S-1976.44) (R-988.22) Phase-I 2006-07 (S-786.00) (R- 628.80) Phase-II 2008-09 (S-1416.31) (R-708.16) 2011-12 2008-09

50.

Varanasi-Sarnath-Ramnagar Circuit

2202.31

1336.96

51. 52. 53. 54. West Bengal

Development of Mathura-Vrindavan including renovation of Vishramghat (Mathura) as Mega Destination Ganga Heritage River Cruise Circuit

3178.66 2042.35

1589.33 1021.18

Dooars (Jalpaiguri District) 2012-13 4668.46 2334.23 Kolkata Heritage and River-Front Mega 2011-12 Identified Tourism Project Source: India, Ministry of Tourism, Annual Report 2012-13 pp.14-16

20
Annexure-II
STATEMENT IN REPLY TO PART (c) OF LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.1921 ANSWERED ON 08.03.2013 REGARDING PROMOTION OF MEDICAL/HEALTH TOURISM. DETAILS OF MARKET DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE GRANTED TO VARIOUS SERVICE PROVIDERS UNDER MEDICAL TOURISM DURING THE LAST THREE YEARS (2010-2013) (Rs. in Lakhs) Name of Medical Centre/ Medical Tourism Service Provider Amount Released 2010 - 11 Kerala Institute of Medical Sciences(KIMS), Kerala Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi Indian Holidays Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Indian Holidays Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Indraprastha Apollo, New Delhi Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre, Chennai AMRI Hospital, Kolkata Escorts Hospital and Research Centre, Faridabad Indraprastha Apollo, New Delhi Total 2011-12 Moolchand Medicity, New Delhi Ruby Hall Clinic, Pune Maharishi Ayurveda Hospital, New Delhi Dr. Pattnaik's Laser Eye Institute, New Delhi Bangalore Baptist Hospital, Bengaluru Sri Ramachandra Medical Centre, Chennai Ayurvaid Hospital, Bengaluru Godrej Memorial Hospital, Mumbai Star Hospitals, Hyderabad Total 2012-13 Narayana Hrudalaya, Bengaluru Yashoda Super Speciality Hospital, Ghaziabad Primus Super Speciality, New Delhi Wavikar Eye Institute, Thane Asian Heart Institute & Research Centre, Mumbai Total 185747 200000 188475 44810 150000 769032 136794 138420 147000 200000 200000 200000 200000 150000 154545 1526759 191255 86149 73500 198987 153636 200000 52155 49635 193014 1198331

21

Annexure-III
STATEMENT IN REPLY TO PARTS (a) TO (c) OF LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO.1657 ANSWERED ON 19-11-2010 REGARDING WILDLIFE AND FOREST TOURISM TOURISM PROJECTS SANCTIONED DURING THE ELEVENTH FIVE YEAR PLAN (2007-2008, 2008-2009, 2009-2010 AND 2010-11 upto 30-09-2010).

(Rs. in crore)

S. No. State
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Andaman & Nicobar Assam Bihar Chandigarh Chhattisgarh Dadra & Nagar Haveli Daman & Diu Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu & Kashmir Jharkhand Kerala Karnataka Lakshadweep Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Madhya Pradesh Nagaland Orissa Puducherry Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttar Pradesh Uttarakhand West Bengal GRAND TOTAL

Number of Projects
32 46 0 18 17 13 7 3 1 22 6 12 25 33 88 8 31 23 1 12 25 17 19 45 51 32 15 19 21 73 39 40 34 13 34 875

Amount Sanctioned
160.87 131.96 0.00 66.07 53.99 22.83 28.32 0.24 0.12 75.19 67.92 34.47 92.25 104.72 202.45 11.56 137.43 109.94 7.82 68.90 71.51 41.44 54.53 165.17 97.11 102.70 29.34 65,46 88.90 167.26 116.54 68.33 117.39 75.94 120.32 2758.99