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CBSE TEST PAPER-03 CLASS - IX Science (Motion) [ANSWERS] Ans01. Ans02. Ans03. Ans04. Ans05.

(C) (D) (B) (B) Initial velocity =u=12m/s Find velocity =V=0 S= distance= 18m A= acceleration =? From 3rd euation of motion; v2-u2 =2as O2 (12)2=2 a 18 144 =a 36 144 a= 36 [a = 4m / s 2 ] Retardation of 4m/s 2 Initial velocity =u=0 Final velocity =v=? Acceleration =a =4m/s2 Distance =s=800m v2-u2= 2as u2-(0) =2 4 800 u2=6400 u=80 m/s Initial speed = u=72 km/hr 72 5 = = 20m / s 18 Final speed = v =54 km/hr 54 5 = = 15m / s 18 Distance = S = 70m
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Ans06.

Ans07.

Now, v2-u2 = 2as (15)2 (20)2 = 2 a 70 225 -400 =140a - 175 =140a [a = -1.25m/s2] Ans08. Vector (1) It has magnitude and specific direction (2) It can be positive or negative. (3) e.g. - displacement, velocity. Ans09. X= 20m + (12) t (1) At t=0 X=20+12 0=12m (2) At t=1 X=20+12=32m (3) At t =2 X= 20+24= 44m (4) At t=5 X=20+12 5=72m (a) Scalar (1) it has magnitude but no direction. (2) It is always positive. (3) e.g. distance, speed.

(b) At T= 0 (initially) Displacement =20m.

y2 y1 72 44 28 = = (c) Slope = x2 x1 52 3 =9.3m/s

Ans10.

(a)

Acceleration =slope of the velocity time graph a=


V2 V1 t2 t1

54 24 30 = = 6 m / s 2 1 6 5 (b) Distance 1 S= ut+ at2 2 1 =60 10+ (-6) (10)2 = 600-300 = 300m 2 a=

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(c)

.. .

..

..

Ans11.

(1) Position time

(2) Velocity time

(3) Acceleration- time

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Ans12.

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

For AB, the curve is upward stopping i.e. slope is increasing so velocity is positive and remains same so, V= +ve but a=0 For BC, curve has still has +ve slope so, V= +ve but velocity is decreasing wrt time so, a=negative For CD, both velocity and acceleration are Zero because slope is Zero. For DE, velocity is the (v is increasing wrt time) and so is acceleration is +ve. For EF, velocity is +ve (positive slope of x-t graph) but acceleration is Zero because velocity remains some with time. AB V a BC CD 0 0 DE EF

+ ve +ve 0 - ve

+ ve + ve + ve 0

Ans13.

Let at time t=0, body moves with initial velocity u and time at t has final velocity v and in time t covers a distance s Area under v-t graph gives displacement S = Area of DBC + Area of rectangle OABD 1 S = base height + length breadth 2 1 S = DB BC + OA AB 2 1 S = t (v u ) + t u (i) 2 Now, v u = at v u =t a put the value of ' t ' in equation (i )
1 (v u ) (v u ) S = (v u ) + u 2 a a (v u )2 2u (v u ) 2a 2 2 v + u 2uv + 2uv 2u 2 S= 2a 2 2 v u S= 2a 2as = v 2 u 2 third equation of motion

S=

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