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To convert a circular pitch (CP) to DP -

To convert the module (Mod) to DP -

Spur Gear Calculations

Divide 3.1416 by the circular pitch

Divide the 25.4 by the module

To Get

Having

Rule

Formula

Diametral Pitch

The circular pitch

Divide 3.1416 by the circular pitch

P d = 3.1416 / CP

 

Pitch diameter

Divide the number of teeth by the

 

Diametral Pitch

Number of teeth

pitch diameter

P d = N / D

 

Outside diameter

Divide number of teeth + 2 by the

 

Diametral Pitch

Number of teeth

outside diameter

P d = (N+2) / OD

 

Base pitch

Divide the base pitch by the cosine

 

Diametral Pitch

Pressure angle

of the pressure angle then divide by

P d = (BP / Cos PA) / 3.1416

3.1416

 

Number of teeth

Divide the number of teeth by the

 

Pitch Diameter

Diametral pitch

diametral pitch

D = N / P d

 

Number of teeth

Divide the product of the outside

 

Pitch Diameter

Outside diameter

diameter + number of teeth by the number of teeth + 2

D = (OD x N) / (N+2)

 

Outside diameter

Subtract 2 divided by the diametral

 

Pitch Diameter

Diametral pitch

pitch from the outside diameter

D = OD - (2/ P d )

 

Addendum

Multiply addendum by the number of

 

Pitch Diameter

Number of teeth

teeth

D = A x N

 

Base diameter

Divide the base diameter by the

 

Pitch Diameter

Pressure angle

cosine of the pressure angle

D = BD / (Cos Pa)

 

Number of teeth

Divide number of teeth + 2 by the

 

Outside Diameter

Diametral pitch

diametral pitch

OD = (N+2) / P d

 

Pitch diameter

Two divided by the diametral pitch

 

Outside Diameter

Diametral pitch

plus pitch diameter

OD = (2 / P d ) + D

 

Pitch diameter

Number of teeth + 2, divided by the

 

Outside Diameter

Number of teeth

quotient of number of teeth divided by the pitch diameter

OD = (N+2) / (N / D)

 

Number of teeth

Multiply the number of teeth + 2 by

 

Outside Diameter

Addendum

the addendum

OD = (N + 2) x A

 

Pitch diameter

Multiply the pitch diameter by the

 

Number Of Teeth

Diametral pitch

diametral pitch

 

N = D x P d

 

Outside diameter

Multiply the outside diameter by the

 

Number Of Teeth

Diametral pitch

diametral pitch and subtract 2

N = (OD x P d ) - 2

Thickness Of Tooth

Diametral pitch

Divide 1.5708 by the diametral pitch

t = 1.5708 / P d

Addendum

Diametral pitch

Divide 1 by the diametral pitch

 

a = 1 / P d

Dedendum

Diametral pitch

Divide 1.157 (or 1.25) by the diametral pitch

b

= 1.157 / P d

Working Depth

Diametral pitch

Divide 2 by the diametral pitch

 

hk = 2 / P d

Whole Depth

Diametral pitch

Divide 2.157 (or 2.25) by the diametral pitch

ht

= 2.157 / P d

Clearance

Diametral pitch

Divide .157 (or .250) by the diametral pitch

 

c = .157 / P d

Clearance

Diametral pitch

Divide thickness of tooth at the pitchline by 10

 

c = t / 10

 

C.D. between both gears

Add the number of teeth in both

 

Operating Diametral Pitch

Number of teeth in each

gears and divide by 2 then divide by the center distance

P dO = ((n1 + n2)/2) / C

 

Normal diametral pitch

Add the number of teeth in both

 

Center Distance

Number of teeth in both gears

gears and divide by 2 then divide by the normal diametral pitch

C = ((n1 + n2)/2) / P nd

 

Operating diametral pitch

Add the number of teeth in both

 

Operating Center Distance

Number of teeth in both gears

gears and divide by 2 then divide by the operating diametral pitch

Co = ((n1 + n2)/2) / P od

 

Pitch diameter

Multiply the pitch diameter by the

 

Base Diameter

Pressure angle

cosine of the pressure angle

Db = PD x (cos PA)

 

Base diameter

Divide the base diameter by the

 

Pressure Angle

Pitch diameter

pitch diameter

cosPA = Db / D

 

Base pitch

Divide Pi by the diametral pitch,

 

Pressure Angle

Diametral pitch

then divide by the base pitch

cosPA = (3.1416 / P d ) / Pb

 

Diametral pitch

Divide the diametral pitch by Pi,

 

Base Pitch

Pressure angle

then multiply by the cosine of the pressure angle

Pb = (P d / 3.1416) x (cos PA)