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INDIA FACTSHEET

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Economic and Human Development Indicators


Year Demographic Indicators Total Population (In Billions) Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) Child Sex Ratio (females per 1000 males) Economic Indicators Gross Domestic Product (Current US $) (millions)
Contribution of Agriculture to GDP (%) Contribution of Industry to GDP (%) Contribution of Services to GDP (%) GNI per capita (current international $) GDP Growth Rate (%) Worker Population Ratio Male (usual principal status) (%) Worker Population Ratio Rate Female (usual principal status)(%) Inflation, Consumer Prices (annual %)

Year 2011 1.21 940 914 2010 1727111 2009-10 14.62 20.16 65.22 2009-10 3550 2009-10 8.0 2009-10 53.8 18.0 2010 11.99 2011 0.547 134 0.392 28.7 2011 0.617 129 2006 0.497 2011 74.04 82.14 65.46

2001 1.028 933 927 2005-06 834035 2005-06

4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

2005-06 2280 2005-06 9.5 2004-05 53.6 21.5 2005 4.25 2000 0.461

13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22
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Human Development Indicators Human Development Index Value (HDI) HDI Rank (out of 187) Inequality Adjusted Human Development Index Value Loss in HDI due to Inequalities (%)
Gender Inequality Index (GII) GII Rank (out of 146) Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) Literacy Rate (%) Male Literacy Rate (%) Female Literacy Rate (%)
Figure relates to GDI for the year 1999 from the 2001 Global HDR

2001 0.5531 1996 0.416 2001 64.8 75.3 53.7

Year
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Year 2011 65.4 2009-10 29.8 354.68 2005 0.283 53.7 612 2004-09 23.7 2005-07 21 2004-09 43.5

Human Development Indicators Life Expectancy at Birth (in Years) Poverty and Hunger Indicators Poverty Headcount Ratio (%) Total Number of Poor (in millions)
Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) Multidimensional Poverty Headcount (%) Number of Multidimensional Poor (in millions) Global Hunger Index (GHI) Proportion of Undernourished in Population (%) Prevalence of Underweight Children under 5 years of age (%)

2001 63.3 2004-05 37.2 407.22

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

1988-92 30.4 1990-92 20 1988-92 59.5

 The structure of the economy is service centric with over 55% of GDP being contributed by the services sector. Agricultures contribution to GDP is around 14%.  Progress seen on Human Development Index (HDI) with a 18.65% increase in index value between 2000 to 2011. However inequality remains a concern with 28.7% loss in the HDI value on account of inequalities  Improvements seen in literacy rates for both males and females. While male literacy rates improved by 6.84 Percentage Points female literacy rates improved by 11.76 Percentage Points. Significant gender gap in outcomes however persists.  Poverty levels remain high in the country, with almost 37.2% of the population deemed income poor and over 53.7% multidimensional poor.

Indicator No. Source


1- 3, 19-21 4-7 8 9 10-11 12 13-14 15-16 17-18 19 20-22 23 24 25 26-28 29-31 Census of India 2001 and 2011, RGI, GOI, http://www.censusindia.gov.in/2011-prov-results/prov_results_paper1_india.html Handbook of Indian Statistics 2011, RBI, http://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/AnnualPublications.aspx?head=Handbook+of+Statistics+on+Indian+Economy World Development Indicators http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD Economic Survey of India 2010-11, Ministry of Finance, Government of India http://indiabudget.nic.in/survey.asp NSSO 66th Round (Summary Table1), http://mospi.nic.in/Mospi_New/upload/Key_Indicators-HCE_66th_Rd-Report.pdf World Development Indicators http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/FP.CPI.TOTL.ZG Global Human Development Report 2011, UNDP, http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/ Global Human Development Report 2011, UNDP, http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/ Global Human Development Report 2011, UNDP, http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/ Gendering Human Development Indices: Recasting GDI and GEM for India 2009, Ministry of Women and Child Development, GOI and UNDP, http://undp.org.in/sites/default/files/GDI_and_GEM_Report.pdf Census of India 2011 Global Human Development Report 2011, UNDP, http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/ Tendulkar Committee Report 2009, Planning Commission, http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/genrep/rep_pov.pdf UNDP Computations based on Tendulkar Committee Report Global Human Development Report 2011, UNDP, http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/ Global Hunger Index 2011, IFPRI, http://www.ifpri.org/publication/2011-global-hunger-index Empowered lives. Resilient nations.
UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. With offices in more than 160 countries and territories, we offer global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations. Website: http://www.undp.org.in