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KARPASIA Cyprus has a very old history which dates to around the 10th millennium BC.

In 1974 there was a bloody coup dtat in Cyprus organised by the Greek junta and its extremist representatives in Cyprus. This Coup dtat led to the overthrow of the Cypriot government, and to the distabilisation of the Republic. Consequently, the Turkish army invaded the island. Cyprus has remained divided since 1974 and Karpasia is in the occupied areas. We are the children of the Greek Cypriots who chose to remain in Karpasia after 1974. We will concentrate on Karpasia which has 39 villages. Let us introduce you to the area. Karpasia is the panhandle of the island. Ancient Greek warriors came to the area after the end of the Trojan War and they settled in the area. That is why 80% of the Cypriot population is Greek Cypriot. These are some of the many sights of the area. Gastria: The gates of Karpasia GASTRIA CASTLE The Templars, (the most wealthy and powerful of the Western Christian military orders) built this castle between 1191-1200. The castle had an important role in the history of Cyprus. It was the springboard for military campaigns against Muslims in the Holy Land and the pirates. THE CASTLE OF KANTARA It was built in the 11th century during the Arab raids to help people protect themselves. It was a watch tower and it has breathtaking views. According to legend, the Queen at the time was beautiful but evil and she tortured the workers who were building it. When the construction finished, she ordered

her soldiers to throw the workers down the cliff so that they would not reveal the secrets of the castle. LYTHRANGOMI Church of Panagia Kanakaria.In Lythrangomi, the Church of Panagia Kanakaria was built in the 6th century BC. It is a monastery church devoted to the Virgin Mary. It is called so, because Christ was Virgin Marys kanakaris which means only son. In 1979, the Church was destroyed by the Turkish troops and its mosaics were looted and sold to dealers of archaeological treasures. Finally, the Church of Cyprus managed to take the mosaics back to Cyprus after the ruling of a United States court. AGIOS SIMIOS CASTLE It was built on the mountain with rooms that could fit a few thousand people and which led to one another. It seems that it was used as an escape resort at the time of the Saracen invasions. AGIA TRIADA The Basilica dates back to around 425 AD. The floor was covered with some beautiful mosaics like this pair of sandals thought to belong to Christ. There must have been a settlement there during the early Byzantine period. YIALOUSA The Limnionas carob warehouse was built in the late 19th century by the British. It's a building near a port. The carobs produced in the area were stored there and then transported on ships. In later years, the building was used by fishermen for their nets.



This is one of the pilgrimage centres of the Orhodox Church of Cyprus, and is at the end of the peninsula. Hundreds of pilgrims visit the monastery every year. CASTROS It is at the very tip of the island. In this area there was a small Neolithic settlement. It was inhabited by fishermen and farmers. The houses were small and round. Unfortunately, the ruins of the settlement were destroyed by a bulldozer a few years ago. KLIDES ISLANDS. The very tip of the island. The view here is breathtaking. THE ENCLAVED These are Greek Cypriots who remained in Karpasia after 1974. From 1974 till 2003 they had no freedom of movement. This resulted in them being separated from the rest of Cyprus and the world. They still keep Cypriot traditions and character strong. Their everyday life is simple. The church is important. There is only one priest for all the enclaved. Their everyday activities: They farm, they fish, they produce their own honey, they take care of their own animals. They still embroider with cocoons, they make old fashioned brooms and containers, they make their own halloumi cheese, their own bread and the famous Karpasia dish which is meat cooked in the old fashioned oven on carob leaves. The animals are everywhere in their lives. They still use old fashioned objects such as pottery containers, oil lamps, and old fashioned ovens. Some of the houses look like this with the traditional cross above the main door. NATURE Nature in Karpasia is what makes it unique and stunning. Some endemic flowers. Thank you for listening to us.