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I am immensely grateful to my mini project guide Mrs MOHSINA SAYYADA, Associate professor in Shadan College of Engineering & Technology, Hyderabad for all the support, encouragement and valuable guidance offered by her. I earnestly thank our Head of the Department & Professor Mr. S. K. AHMADUDDIN ZAKIR, Shadan College of Engineering & Technology, Hyderabad, for giving me timely and whole hearted guidance to do this mini project. Finally I am thankful to one and all who have helped me directly or indirectly to complete this mini project successfully.




This project demonstrates a technique to receive audio signals and amplified signal send to loudspeaker. Keep in touch with your family members from one room to another and also from outside areas such as the garage, using this intercom circuit for bidirectional communication. The advantage of this circuit is that there is no talk/listen switch as many intercoms have. The circuit is built around two low-power LM386 audio amplifiers. It has two simple and identical channels-unit 1 and unit 2. The gain of both the amplifiers (built around IC1 and IC2) is about 200, which is usually enough to work with the condenser microphones. The circuit also works with carbon microphones or other high-level and low- impedance microphones. The Two-way Intercom feature has similar functionality and activation logic as the One-way Intercom, with the added capability of bidirectional communication (with both send and receive paths) automatically using the speaker and microphone facilities at the destination. Also the intercom is used for purpose of security at many location, like Door bell, offices, etc. The Security intercom systems are used to provide voice communications between two or more locations for security purposes. Security intercom systems are frequently used between a locked building entrance door and a constantly attended location in the building, such as a manned security control room.


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Acknowledgement Abstract List of Contents List of Figure 1. Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3 2. Introduction of Intercom Background History Project Goals

Development Description 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Project Design Block Diagram Circuit Diagram Major Equipment 2.4.1 Multimeter

2.4.2 Soldering Iron 2.4.3 2.5 NI Instrument Application Software

Component Description 2.5.1 Major Component IC LM386 BC547 Transistor 2.5.2 Basic Component Condenser Microphone Speaker 8/0.5W Radial Capacitor Ceramic Capacitor Resistor Potentiometer

Work Procedure 3.1 Procedure 3.1.1 Component Requirement Major Component Basic Component 3.1.2 3.2 Construction Equipment

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PCB Design 3.2.1 3.2.2 PCB Etching Process Terminal Drilling

Operation 4.1 Circuit Operation 4.1.1 4.1.2 4.1.3 4.1.5 Power Section Low Pass Filter Section First Stage Amplifier Signal Second Stage Amplifier

Result and Discussion 5.2 Results 5.2 Application

Conclusion References


Fig.2.1 Block Diagram of Project Fig.2.2 Circuit Diagram Fig.2.3 LM386 IC Amplifier Fig.2.4 Pin Diagram of LM386 IC Fig.2.5 BC547 Transistor Fig.2.6 Condenser Microphone Fig.2.7 Speaker (small/Mini Speaker) Fig.2.8 Redial Electrode Capacitor Fig.2.9 Ceramic Capacitor Fig.2.10 Resistor Fig.2.11 Potentiometer Fig.2.12 Potentiometer Pin Mapping Fig.2.13 Schematic of Potentiometer Fig.2.14 Schematic in Increament mode Fig.2.15 Variable Resistor(Timmer Type) Fig.2.16 Schematics Of Variable Resistor Fig.3.1 Normal PCB Circuit Design Fig.3.2 PCB Etching Process Fig.3.3 PCB Terminal Padding Drill Fig.3.4 PCB Circuit Soldering Process Fig.4.1 Power Source Circuit Fig.4.2 Low Pass filter Circuit

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Fig.4.3 Amplifier Circuit feedback Bias Fig.4.4 First Stage Amplifying Circuit Fig.4.5 Second Stage Amplifying Fig.5.1 Final Project kit

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